Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 889
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Caridi G - - 2006
Type 1 nephronophthisis (NPHP) with homozygous deletions of nephrocystin [NPHP1, DEL] has been considered a pure renal disorder, but co-occurrence of extrarenal symptoms, mainly retinitis pigmentosa, is observed in a subset of patients. Recently, [NPHP1, DEL] has been detected in three patients with Joubert syndrome-related disorders (JSRDs), who associated neurological ...
Venkataramana A A Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2006
To describe challenges in diagnosis and management of patients with clinical syndromes of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) involving the CNS. The authors describe three patients with clinically distinct neurologic manifestations of IRIS with HIV infection who presented as diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. One patient with cryptococcal meningitis developed acute ...
Santos M - - 2007
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects mainly females, associated in most cases to mutations in the MECP2 gene. After an apparently normal prenatal and perinatal period, patients display an arrest in growth and in psychomotor development, with autistic behaviour, hand stereotypies and mental retardation. Despite this classical ...
Brandt Jason - - 2006
Patients who present with severely impaired memory functioning without a discernable neurological cause typically have experienced one or more severely stressful life events. These patients, who are described as having "psychogenic" or "dissociative" amnesia, typically differ from patients with the neurologic amnestic syndrome in that memory for their personal life ...
Lo Monaco Andrea - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate neurological involvement in a series of 110 North Italian patients with Behçet disease (BD), a multisystemic vasculitis of unknown origin, followed up for a period of 5 years. During this time, 27 (24.5%) patients with neuro-BD were identified. Twenty out of 27 ...
Ago Mihoko - - 2006
A man in his late twenties collapsed shortly after intravenously injecting himself with methamphetamine (MA). He slipped into a deep coma and remained in this condition for 9 days, until his death. Autopsy revealed severe brain edema and localized subarachnoid hemorrhages in the cerebrum and cerebellum. Histopathological examination revealed myocardial ...
Bugiani Marianna - - 2006
Isolated complex II deficiency is a rare cause of mitochondrial disease in infancy and childhood. No satisfactory treatment is currently available, and affected patients undergo a relentlessly progressive motor and mental deterioration. We report on three complex II-deficient children treated with riboflavin per os, who were followed-up for a mean ...
Yilmaz Abdulkerim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of mushroom poisoning in adults. METHODS: We investigated patients presenting at the Emergency Room, Medical School Hospital, Cumhuriyet University, Turkey between 1999 and 2003 with complaints of mushroom poisoning. They were kept under observation in the emergency unit and Anesthesia Department intensive care unit. We ...
Kilicaslan Fethi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular events are an important complication during pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI). Microembolic signals (MES) have been associated with stroke and neurological impairment. However, the incidence of MES during PVAI, and their relationship to microbubble formation and radiofrequency (RF) parameters are unknown. OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the relationship ...
Kölker Stefan - - 2006
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is a rare inborn disorder of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism complicated by striatal damage during acute encephalopathic crises. Three decades after its description, the natural history and how to treat this disorder are still incompletely understood. To study which variables influenced the outcome, we conducted ...
Kotulska Katarzyna - - 2006
The epidermal nevus syndrome (ENS) is a rare neurocutaneous disease characterized by extensive epidermal nevi and a wide variety of abnormalities involving brain, eyes, and skeleton. Neurological symptoms in ENS include seizures, paresis, and mental retardation and are usually ascribed to hemimegalencephaly and various migration disorders. It was suggested that ...
Brewer George J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare tetrathiomolybdate and trientine in treating patients with the neurologic presentation of Wilson disease for the frequency of neurologic worsening, adverse effects, and degree of neurologic recovery. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, controlled, 2-arm study of 48 patients with the neurologic presentation of Wilson disease. Patients either received 500 ...
Emiroglu R - - 2006
Among 71 patients, 19 (26.7%) experienced tacrolimus-related complications including 15 neurologic reactions and four problems with nephrotoxicity. Seven of these patients received grafts from cadaveric donors and 12 from living donors. Nine patients were children. The cohort included 5 female and 14 male subjects of mean age 26 +/- 20 ...
Tempel R - - 2006
Decompression illness (DCI) is a potentially life-threatening disease, often requiring hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) for symptom resolution. Once treated, current guidelines recommend an observation period of at least six hours for patients with neurological symptoms in case of relapse. Surveys have shown a symptom relapse rate as high as 38.5%, ...
Ghaemmaghami F - - 2006
The objective of this study is to present the successful treatment of two young patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasms (GTN) presenting with emergent neurologic symptoms without any gynecological problems. Case 1, a 22-year-old patient, was admitted to an infectious disease ward, with admitting diagnosis of encephalitis due to neurologic symptoms. ...
Tunc Tugba
<b>Context:</b> Beh&#951;et&#x2032;s disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder with unknown etiology characterized by recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulcers and uveitis. Beh&#951;et&#x2032;s disease can affect the central nervous system. <b> Aims: </b> We aimed to investigate subclinical neurological involvement in patients who were suffering from BD and who had ...
Prazanowski Mirosław - - 2006
The aim of this work was to assess the prevalence of a genetic predisposition to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) among acutely poisoned patients. Activated protein C resistence (APCR) is a genetically determined cause of thrombophilia and DIC development. One hundred seventy-six subjects were divided into three groups: one consisted of ...
Cherney Leora Reiff - - 2006
The management of patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD) presents a challenge to the allied health clinician. In addition to impairments in specific cognitive areas, some patients may not be aware of the presence or extent of their deficits or the impact of these deficits on everyday activities. This article ...
Koeppen S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate long-term neurological residua after Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and to evaluate the predictive value of respiratory insufficiency during the acute stage of the disease. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with GBS including 5 patients with Miller-Fisher syndrome admitted to a university hospital between 1994 and 2002 underwent a neurological and ...
Masoodi Mohsen - - 2006
Although the incidence of occupational and adult lead poisoning has declined, the problem still exists. We encountered three patients with lead poisoning in Iran, all of whom associated with presented with diffuse abdominal pain, which was at times colicky in nature, anemia, constipation, nausea, vomiting, and slightly abnormal liver biochemistries. ...
Pucher Andrzej - - 2005
Background. Dysplastic spondylolisthesis results from a congenital malformation of the vertebral processes, sometimes accompanied by spina bifida; its progression causes subluxation or dislocation in the intervertebral joints and an anterior repositioning of the entire vertebra. Isthmic spondylolisthesis, on the other hand, most often results from a spinal fissure. The body ...
Vougioukas Vassilios I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hemangioblastomas are histologically benign lesions that occur sporadically or as a manifestation of von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL). The treatment strategy of these neoplasms is complicated by their unpredictable growth patterns and the often irreversible neurological deficits they may cause. This study aims to outline the neurosurgical treatment options and ...
Hartmann J Edward - - 2006
Six hundred and sixteen patients were referred for consultation to the author who served as the neurologist on the 252nd Neurosurgical Team in Kuwait in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom between April and October, 2003. Demographic and military data were collected. The cohort of neurologic patients showed significant differences from ...
Urquhart Andrew C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively review the clinical case records of patients with idiopathic vocal cord palsies (VCPs) for the presence of preexisting or subsequent development of neurological disease, including multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, myasthenia gravis, cerebrovascular disease, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective case review of all patients with VCP presenting ...
Bachmann Silke - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neurological soft signs are frequently found in schizophrenia. They are indicators of both genetic liability and psychopathological symptoms. To further differentiate "trait" and "state" relations the authors compared the 1-year course of neurological soft signs in schizophrenia patients and comparison subjects. METHOD: Thirty-nine patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders ...
Butković-Soldo Silva - - 2005
Objective of this paper is to review drug-induced movement disorders (D-IMD) treated patients on Department of Neurology in University Hospital Osijek. We reviewed patients treated during 10 years period (from 1992 to 2002). Analysed group consisted of 14 patients. Reasons for hospitalisation were swallowing problems in 6 patients, neuroleptic malignant ...
Krenová Martina - - 2005
The objective was to evaluate the severity of ethylene glycol (EG) intoxications in a 3-year retrospective study of the calls to the Toxicological Information Centre (TIC). Data about clinical course of patients with EG poisoning reported to the TIC in the years 2000-2002 were analysed. They were completed by the ...
Yeo Fred E - - 2005
In the United States, therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is both performed and requested by a wide range of services, often on an empiric basis (before a diagnosis is established). Whether empiric therapy is beneficial has not been established. Patients were identified from an electronic procedure log that included those patients ...
Chau C M - - 2005
We report on two patients who presented with status epilepticus due to ingestion of rat poison containing tetramine. Both had eaten the same meal, subsequently presumed to be the source of the poison. Physical examination and investigation were unremarkable and diagnosis was based on patient history. Seizures were ultimately controlled ...
Walshe John M - - 2005
This study covers patients seen at a Wilson disease clinic between 1960 and 2002. The diagnosis of Wilson disease was confirmed in 316. Of 40 patients with a neurological presentation who were found not to have the disease, caeruloplasmin concentration was found to be reduced in 19. These 19 patients ...
Lassmann-Vague V - - 2005
Occurring in the elderly diabetic patients, hypoglycaemia may have serious consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality, but this severe prognosis is nowadays less frequently observed. The clinical manifestations may be somewhat different from those observed in young subjects: symptoms are less frequent, generally neurologic manifestations. The rate of severe ...
Phillips P H - - 2005
To examine the association of distance-near disparity with neurological disease in children with intermittent exotropia. A retrospective analysis was performed of the medical records of all children with intermittent exotropia examined at the Arkansas Children's Hospital between 1989 and 2002. The study group consisted of children with intermittent exotropia who ...
Altintop Levent - - 2005
The aims of this study were to report experience in patients with organophosphate poisoning (OPP) and to discuss the potential role for hemoperfusion (HP) in the management of severe OPP. At the emergency service of a university hospital, 52 patients with acute OPP were included in this retrospective study. The ...
Krol Andrea L - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients may deteriorate rapidly. MRI is being increasingly used to assess such patients. One possible mechanism of neurological worsening is the presence of perfusion abnormalities. We sought to identify what proportion of TIA patients had evidence of perfusion abnormalities on MRI. METHODS: TIA ...
Rygnestad T - - 2005
In acute poisoning with beta-blocking drugs and calcium-channel blockers patients may present with serious symptoms. We present a case of life-threatening sotalol and verapamil intoxication in a 29-year-old female suffering from depression. She was admitted to our hospital a few hours after she had taken 3.6 g verapamil and 4.8 ...
Hon Kam-lun Ellis - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess if cardiopulmonary complications and abnormal carbon dioxide tension are more likely in intubated children with neurological diseases undergoing transport. METHODS: We reviewed the transport records of all ventilated children retrieved to a pediatric teaching hospital in the United States within a 12-month period. RESULTS: Twenty-seven children were ...
Tsai Li-Kai - - 2005
During the worldwide outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002-2003, there were 664 probable SARS patients reported in Taiwan. SARS patients usually present with symptoms related to the respiratory system while neurological manifestations have rarely been described. There were three patients who developed axonopathic polyneuropathy 3-4 weeks after ...
Ridel Keith R - - 2005
Classical galactosemia is an autosomal recessive condition in which there is near total absence of the activity of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase. Patients with this condition have substantial motor, cognitive, and psychiatric impairments despite dietary treatment. A characteristic pattern of biochemical abnormalities is observed in patients with this disorder. Galactose-1-phosphate, the substrate ...
Roberts Darren M - - 2005
Data on poisoning with MCPA (4-chloro-2-methyl-phenoxyacetic acid) are limited to 6 case reports. Our objective is to describe outcomes from intentional self-poisoning with MCPA in a prospective case series of 181 patients presenting to hospitals in Sri Lanka. Patient information was collected by on-site study physicians as part of an ...
Chen Wei Hsi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: A restricted neurological deficit is not uncommon in patients with cortical lesions. However, in cheiro-oral syndrome (COS) associated with cortical involvement, the topographic disparity of the cheiral and oral representation area is hardly explained by the restricted sensorium at the homolateral mouth angle/lip and finger/hand, with sparing of the ...
Gadoth Natan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neurological status in elderly subjects with cobalamin deficiency (CblD) compared with matched non-deficient subjects before and after cobalamin (Cbl) supplementation. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on activities of daily living, level of education, medical history, alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, and medication usage and prior consumption of vitamins. ...
Lin Michelle - - 2005
Disorders of water imbalance manifest as hyponatremia and hypernatremia. To diagnose these disorders, emergency physicians must maintain a high index of suspicion, especially in the high-risk patient, because clinical presentations may be nonspecific. With severe water imbalance, inappropriate fluid resuscitation in the emergency department may have devastating neurological consequences. The ...
Aldrete J Antonio - - 2005
We undertook this case series to determine if preexisting neurological disease is exacerbated by either spinal or epidural anesthesia. In the website of the Arachnoiditis Foundation, we posted an offer to advise anesthesiologists in cases of neurological problems after either of these techniques was used. Contacts were made first by ...
Maegaki Y - - 2005
Using multivariate regression analysis, we examined risk factors for fatality and neurological sequelae after status epilepticus (SE) in children. Possible risk factors included sex, age at onset, the cause of SE, pyrexia, asthmatic attack during SE, past history of seizure, predisposing neurological abnormality, seizure duration, type of seizure, and medication ...
Hermann W - - 2005
Patients suffering from Wilson's disease are divided into several types according clinical symptoms only at time of manifestation. Thereby two main subgroups exist: neurologic and non-neurologic types. After long-term therapy the neurological symptoms occurring in hepatolenticular degeneration may be improved but frequently with remaining fine-motoric disturbances which should be used ...
Baysal T - - 2005
Our aim was to investigate whether neurological impairment in chronic Behçet's disease (BD) patients with normal appearing brain can be assessed by means of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). The averaged apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were calculated in 22 different radiologically normal appearing brain regions in 32 patients with and without ...
Satran Daniel - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We describe the cardiovascular manifestations of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide poisoning is a common cause of toxicologic morbidity and mortality. Although the neurologic sequelae of CO poisoning have been well described, the cardiovascular consequences are limited to isolated case reports. METHODS: We reviewed the cardiovascular manifestations ...
Matsumoto Morio - - 2005
OBJECT: Although neurological examination is the key step to reaching a correct diagnosis of cervical compressive myelopathy (CCM), the accuracy of diagnosis of the affected spinal level for CCM has not yet been tested. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective study to elucidate how accurately the affected intervertebral level can ...
Ozisik Handan Isin - - 2005
Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers and uveitis. BD patients without neurological involvement frequently have mild neurological symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether BD patients without neurological involvement have any changes in cognitive functions. Twenty BD patients ...
Roine S - - 2005
Based on a structured questionnaire and medical records, the authors found that 12 of 25 mothers with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) with the R133C NOTCH3 mutation had had neurologic symptoms in 17 of their 43 pregnancies, most commonly hemiparesthesia (76%), hemiparesis (36%), aphasia (65%), ...
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