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Tempel R - - 2006
Decompression illness (DCI) is a potentially life-threatening disease, often requiring hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) for symptom resolution. Once treated, current guidelines recommend an observation period of at least six hours for patients with neurological symptoms in case of relapse. Surveys have shown a symptom relapse rate as high as 38.5%, ...
Ghaemmaghami F - - 2006
The objective of this study is to present the successful treatment of two young patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasms (GTN) presenting with emergent neurologic symptoms without any gynecological problems. Case 1, a 22-year-old patient, was admitted to an infectious disease ward, with admitting diagnosis of encephalitis due to neurologic symptoms. ...
Tunc Tugba
<b>Context:</b> Beh&#951;et&#x2032;s disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder with unknown etiology characterized by recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulcers and uveitis. Beh&#951;et&#x2032;s disease can affect the central nervous system. <b> Aims: </b> We aimed to investigate subclinical neurological involvement in patients who were suffering from BD and who had ...
Prazanowski Mirosław - - 2006
The aim of this work was to assess the prevalence of a genetic predisposition to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) among acutely poisoned patients. Activated protein C resistence (APCR) is a genetically determined cause of thrombophilia and DIC development. One hundred seventy-six subjects were divided into three groups: one consisted of ...
Cherney Leora Reiff - - 2006
The management of patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD) presents a challenge to the allied health clinician. In addition to impairments in specific cognitive areas, some patients may not be aware of the presence or extent of their deficits or the impact of these deficits on everyday activities. This article ...
Koeppen S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate long-term neurological residua after Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and to evaluate the predictive value of respiratory insufficiency during the acute stage of the disease. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with GBS including 5 patients with Miller-Fisher syndrome admitted to a university hospital between 1994 and 2002 underwent a neurological and ...
Masoodi Mohsen - - 2006
Although the incidence of occupational and adult lead poisoning has declined, the problem still exists. We encountered three patients with lead poisoning in Iran, all of whom associated with presented with diffuse abdominal pain, which was at times colicky in nature, anemia, constipation, nausea, vomiting, and slightly abnormal liver biochemistries. ...
Pucher Andrzej - - 2005
Background. Dysplastic spondylolisthesis results from a congenital malformation of the vertebral processes, sometimes accompanied by spina bifida; its progression causes subluxation or dislocation in the intervertebral joints and an anterior repositioning of the entire vertebra. Isthmic spondylolisthesis, on the other hand, most often results from a spinal fissure. The body ...
Vougioukas Vassilios I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hemangioblastomas are histologically benign lesions that occur sporadically or as a manifestation of von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL). The treatment strategy of these neoplasms is complicated by their unpredictable growth patterns and the often irreversible neurological deficits they may cause. This study aims to outline the neurosurgical treatment options and ...
Hartmann J Edward - - 2006
Six hundred and sixteen patients were referred for consultation to the author who served as the neurologist on the 252nd Neurosurgical Team in Kuwait in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom between April and October, 2003. Demographic and military data were collected. The cohort of neurologic patients showed significant differences from ...
Urquhart Andrew C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively review the clinical case records of patients with idiopathic vocal cord palsies (VCPs) for the presence of preexisting or subsequent development of neurological disease, including multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, myasthenia gravis, cerebrovascular disease, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective case review of all patients with VCP presenting ...
Bachmann Silke - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neurological soft signs are frequently found in schizophrenia. They are indicators of both genetic liability and psychopathological symptoms. To further differentiate "trait" and "state" relations the authors compared the 1-year course of neurological soft signs in schizophrenia patients and comparison subjects. METHOD: Thirty-nine patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders ...
Butković-Soldo Silva - - 2005
Objective of this paper is to review drug-induced movement disorders (D-IMD) treated patients on Department of Neurology in University Hospital Osijek. We reviewed patients treated during 10 years period (from 1992 to 2002). Analysed group consisted of 14 patients. Reasons for hospitalisation were swallowing problems in 6 patients, neuroleptic malignant ...
Krenová Martina - - 2005
The objective was to evaluate the severity of ethylene glycol (EG) intoxications in a 3-year retrospective study of the calls to the Toxicological Information Centre (TIC). Data about clinical course of patients with EG poisoning reported to the TIC in the years 2000-2002 were analysed. They were completed by the ...
Yeo Fred E - - 2005
In the United States, therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is both performed and requested by a wide range of services, often on an empiric basis (before a diagnosis is established). Whether empiric therapy is beneficial has not been established. Patients were identified from an electronic procedure log that included those patients ...
Chau C M - - 2005
We report on two patients who presented with status epilepticus due to ingestion of rat poison containing tetramine. Both had eaten the same meal, subsequently presumed to be the source of the poison. Physical examination and investigation were unremarkable and diagnosis was based on patient history. Seizures were ultimately controlled ...
Walshe John M - - 2005
This study covers patients seen at a Wilson disease clinic between 1960 and 2002. The diagnosis of Wilson disease was confirmed in 316. Of 40 patients with a neurological presentation who were found not to have the disease, caeruloplasmin concentration was found to be reduced in 19. These 19 patients ...
Lassmann-Vague V - - 2005
Occurring in the elderly diabetic patients, hypoglycaemia may have serious consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality, but this severe prognosis is nowadays less frequently observed. The clinical manifestations may be somewhat different from those observed in young subjects: symptoms are less frequent, generally neurologic manifestations. The rate of severe ...
Phillips P H - - 2005
To examine the association of distance-near disparity with neurological disease in children with intermittent exotropia. A retrospective analysis was performed of the medical records of all children with intermittent exotropia examined at the Arkansas Children's Hospital between 1989 and 2002. The study group consisted of children with intermittent exotropia who ...
Altintop Levent - - 2005
The aims of this study were to report experience in patients with organophosphate poisoning (OPP) and to discuss the potential role for hemoperfusion (HP) in the management of severe OPP. At the emergency service of a university hospital, 52 patients with acute OPP were included in this retrospective study. The ...
Krol Andrea L - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients may deteriorate rapidly. MRI is being increasingly used to assess such patients. One possible mechanism of neurological worsening is the presence of perfusion abnormalities. We sought to identify what proportion of TIA patients had evidence of perfusion abnormalities on MRI. METHODS: TIA ...
Rygnestad T - - 2005
In acute poisoning with beta-blocking drugs and calcium-channel blockers patients may present with serious symptoms. We present a case of life-threatening sotalol and verapamil intoxication in a 29-year-old female suffering from depression. She was admitted to our hospital a few hours after she had taken 3.6 g verapamil and 4.8 ...
Hon Kam-lun Ellis - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess if cardiopulmonary complications and abnormal carbon dioxide tension are more likely in intubated children with neurological diseases undergoing transport. METHODS: We reviewed the transport records of all ventilated children retrieved to a pediatric teaching hospital in the United States within a 12-month period. RESULTS: Twenty-seven children were ...
Tsai Li-Kai - - 2005
During the worldwide outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002-2003, there were 664 probable SARS patients reported in Taiwan. SARS patients usually present with symptoms related to the respiratory system while neurological manifestations have rarely been described. There were three patients who developed axonopathic polyneuropathy 3-4 weeks after ...
Ridel Keith R - - 2005
Classical galactosemia is an autosomal recessive condition in which there is near total absence of the activity of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase. Patients with this condition have substantial motor, cognitive, and psychiatric impairments despite dietary treatment. A characteristic pattern of biochemical abnormalities is observed in patients with this disorder. Galactose-1-phosphate, the substrate ...
Roberts Darren M - - 2005
Data on poisoning with MCPA (4-chloro-2-methyl-phenoxyacetic acid) are limited to 6 case reports. Our objective is to describe outcomes from intentional self-poisoning with MCPA in a prospective case series of 181 patients presenting to hospitals in Sri Lanka. Patient information was collected by on-site study physicians as part of an ...
Chen Wei Hsi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: A restricted neurological deficit is not uncommon in patients with cortical lesions. However, in cheiro-oral syndrome (COS) associated with cortical involvement, the topographic disparity of the cheiral and oral representation area is hardly explained by the restricted sensorium at the homolateral mouth angle/lip and finger/hand, with sparing of the ...
Gadoth Natan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neurological status in elderly subjects with cobalamin deficiency (CblD) compared with matched non-deficient subjects before and after cobalamin (Cbl) supplementation. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on activities of daily living, level of education, medical history, alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, and medication usage and prior consumption of vitamins. ...
Lin Michelle - - 2005
Disorders of water imbalance manifest as hyponatremia and hypernatremia. To diagnose these disorders, emergency physicians must maintain a high index of suspicion, especially in the high-risk patient, because clinical presentations may be nonspecific. With severe water imbalance, inappropriate fluid resuscitation in the emergency department may have devastating neurological consequences. The ...
Aldrete J Antonio - - 2005
We undertook this case series to determine if preexisting neurological disease is exacerbated by either spinal or epidural anesthesia. In the website of the Arachnoiditis Foundation, we posted an offer to advise anesthesiologists in cases of neurological problems after either of these techniques was used. Contacts were made first by ...
Maegaki Y - - 2005
Using multivariate regression analysis, we examined risk factors for fatality and neurological sequelae after status epilepticus (SE) in children. Possible risk factors included sex, age at onset, the cause of SE, pyrexia, asthmatic attack during SE, past history of seizure, predisposing neurological abnormality, seizure duration, type of seizure, and medication ...
Hermann W - - 2005
Patients suffering from Wilson's disease are divided into several types according clinical symptoms only at time of manifestation. Thereby two main subgroups exist: neurologic and non-neurologic types. After long-term therapy the neurological symptoms occurring in hepatolenticular degeneration may be improved but frequently with remaining fine-motoric disturbances which should be used ...
Baysal T - - 2005
Our aim was to investigate whether neurological impairment in chronic Behçet's disease (BD) patients with normal appearing brain can be assessed by means of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). The averaged apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were calculated in 22 different radiologically normal appearing brain regions in 32 patients with and without ...
Satran Daniel - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We describe the cardiovascular manifestations of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide poisoning is a common cause of toxicologic morbidity and mortality. Although the neurologic sequelae of CO poisoning have been well described, the cardiovascular consequences are limited to isolated case reports. METHODS: We reviewed the cardiovascular manifestations ...
Matsumoto Morio - - 2005
OBJECT: Although neurological examination is the key step to reaching a correct diagnosis of cervical compressive myelopathy (CCM), the accuracy of diagnosis of the affected spinal level for CCM has not yet been tested. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective study to elucidate how accurately the affected intervertebral level can ...
Ozisik Handan Isin - - 2005
Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers and uveitis. BD patients without neurological involvement frequently have mild neurological symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether BD patients without neurological involvement have any changes in cognitive functions. Twenty BD patients ...
Roine S - - 2005
Based on a structured questionnaire and medical records, the authors found that 12 of 25 mothers with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) with the R133C NOTCH3 mutation had had neurologic symptoms in 17 of their 43 pregnancies, most commonly hemiparesthesia (76%), hemiparesis (36%), aphasia (65%), ...
Ringleb P A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Takayasu arteritis is well known as a cause of stroke in Asia but has rarely been described in the Western world. Here we report the clinical and neuroimaging follow-up of a series of patients with Takayasu arteritis from Europe. METHODS: Seventeen consecutive patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for ...
Madan Sonia - - 2005
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis(ADEM) is an uncommon inflammatory demyelinating disease involving central nervous system white matter. A series of seven cases seen over a period of one year have been described. The patients presented with acute onset of focal neurological deficit (3 patients), alteration of sensorium(3) and ataxia(1). CT scan showed ...
Bahloul Mabrouk - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the incidence, clinical manifestations, and prognosis of neurological complications secondary to scorpion envenomation. MATERIAL/METHODS: A retrospective study over a 13-year period including all patients admitted to our ICU for scorpion envenomation. RESULTS: During the period of study, 951 patients were admitted due to scorpion ...
Giladi N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and systematically characterize a group of older adults with disturbed gait of unknown origin. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a movement disorders unit. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients (mean age 78.4 years) with a disturbed gait of unknown origin were compared with twenty-eight age matched "healthy" controls ...
Macrea Lucian M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION:: The association between the degree of neurological deficit and cardiopulmonary dysfunction in patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly understood. METHOD: A systematic search (MEDLINE, bibliographies, to 9.2004) was performed for prospective studies (any architecture; > or = 10 patients with SAH), reporting on neurological deficit and cardiopulmonary ...
Kventsel Iris - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The use of competitive inhibitors of acetylcholine other than atropine, for patients with organophosphate poisoning is controversial. Because scopolamine ability to cross the blood-brain barrier is better than that of atropine, it has been suggested that it should be used in patients with organophosphate poisoning who have central nervous ...
Valles Patricia G - - 2005
The inflammatory response of host endothelial cells is included in the development of vascular damage observed in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infection, resulting in hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The response to a non-conventional treatment for a group of D+ HUS (diarrhea positive HUS) patients, with clinical hemodynamic parameters of septic ...
Takase K - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical pathology and postoperative outcomes of patients with neurilemmoma in the upper extremity who underwent tumour enucleation, and the correlation factors for neurological deficits apart from enucleation of nerve fascicles. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate the state of lesions of the patients with ...
Banik Rudrani - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Eyelid myokymia, unlike myokymia of the other facial muscles, is assumed to be a benign, self-limited disorder. However, no systematic follow-up study has been performed on patients with chronic, isolated eyelid myokymia to verify its benign nature. METHODS: Retrospective single-institution chart review of 15 patients examined between 1983 and ...
Ozhan H - - 2004
An unusual type of food poisoning is commonly seen in the Black Sea coast of Turkey attributable to andromedotoxin containing toxic honey ingestion. This study is a retrospective case series of 19 patients admitted to an emergency department in 2002, poisoned by "mad" honey. All of the patients had the ...
Mwanza J-C - - 2004
To determine the frequency and features of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in neurologically symptomatic HIV infected patients and to assess whether or not the visual evoked potential (VEP) features in these patients differ from those of neurologically asymptomatic HIV infected patients. Neuro-ophthalmological evaluation was performed in 166 neurologically symptomatic confirmed HIV positive ...
Stöllberger Claudia - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT) is frequently associated with neuromuscular disorders (NMD). It is unknown, whether LVHT patients differ according to the presence or absence of NMD. Aim of the study was to assess, if clinical, ECG or echocardiographic findings differ between LVHT patients with and without NMD. METHODS: Included ...
Jain A K - - 2004
We reviewed 64 anterolateral decompressions performed on 63 patients with tuberculosis of the dorsal spine (D1 to L1). The mean age of the patients was 35 years (9 to 73) with no gender preponderance. All patients had severe paraplegia (two cases grade III, 61 cases grade IV). The mean number ...
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