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Hoffman Robert S - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Illicit drugs may be adulterated with substances other than the sought-after substance of abuse. Although the true incidence and clinical effects of this practice are unknown, geographically disparate outbreaks of clinically significant adulteration continue to occur. We report on a recent outbreak of clenbuterol-adulterated heroin occurring along the ...
Kuemmerle-Deschner J B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful treatment with recombinant human IFN- alpha 2a (rhIFN-alpha2a) in two male adolescents suffering from severe treatment-resistant Behçet's disease (BD) with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. METHODS: The patients were 14- and 15-yrs old. Both met the International Study Group for Behçet's disease, O'Duffy and the ...
Schlump J-U - - 2008
Neurological crises do not occur in patients with tyrosinaemia type I treated with NTBC. We report an 8 month-old boy with severe neurological crisis after interruption of NTBC treatment including progressive ascending polyneuropathy and diaphragmatic paralysis, arterial hypertension, respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation who later also developed impaired liver function and ...
Bailey Benoit - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of neurologic and neuropsychological symptoms in the short-term and 1 year after an electric shock and to explore whether any of these were associated with risk factors. METHODS: Patients presenting to one of 21 EDs between October 2000 and November 2004 were eligible to be ...
Mariconda M - - 2008
We have studied 180 patients (128 men and 52 women) who had undergone lumbar discectomy at a mean of 25.4 years (20 to 32) after operation. Pre-operatively, most patients (70 patients; 38.9%) had abnormal reflexes and/or muscle weakness in the leg (96 patients; 53.3%). At follow-up 42 patients (60%) with ...
Morita Seiji - - 2010
Self-induced water intoxication (SIWI) patients present with various neurological and non-neurological symptoms. However, it is reported that non-neurological manifestations such as rhabdomyolysis are comparatively rare. The mechanism underlying rhabdomyolysis remains controversial. To investigate this further, we evaluated 22 SIWI patients for rhabdomyolysis. We reviewed the records of 22 patients with ...
Lapostolle Frédéric - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of antidotal therapy in patients with an elevated digitalis concentration following chronic or acute exposure. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of patient records over 2 years in 20 city hospitals in France. PATIENTS: Overall 838 patients with an elevated serum digitalis concentration (digoxin > 1.95ng ...
Miesbach Wolfgang - - 2008
Antiphospholipid antibodies may cause various neurologic diseases by vascular and immune mechanisms. Ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attacks are the most common neurologic complications in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies but migraine, epilepsy, chorea, or multiple sclerosis also may occur. Although the neurologic presentation of patients with the antiphospholipid syndrome may ...
Ravindra B S - - 2008
Celiac disease (CD) has long been known to be associated with neurological and psychiatric manifestations; its in association with myotonic dystrophy however has not yet been reported. We report the case of a 27-year old female patient who presented to us with diarrhoea, weight loss, easy fatigability, irritability and alopecia ...
Rehiman S - - 2008
The aim of the study was to correlate between the clinical score described by Peradenya Organophosphorus Poisoning (POP) scale, serum cholinesterase level at presentation and severity of poisoning. Consecutive patients of organophosphorous poisoning attending Bir Hospital from August 2004 to September 2005 were studied. Patients were grouped into mild, moderate ...
Stepens Ainārs - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A distinctive extrapyramidal syndrome has been observed in intravenous methcathinone (ephedrone) users in Eastern Europe and Russia. METHODS: We studied 23 adults in Latvia who had extrapyramidal symptoms and who had injected methcathinone for a mean (+/-SD) of 6.7+/-5.1 years. The methcathinone was manufactured under home conditions by potassium ...
Karbakhsh Mojgan - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Poisoning is considered a significant health problem in the elderly. This study aimed to portray the pattern of poisoning in the elderly population of Tehran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included all patients aged 60 years and older with acute poisoning who attended the emergency department of the Loghman-Hakim hospital ...
Burke Michael J - - 2008
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome that occurs in 2%-3% of patients with neuroblastoma. The cause of this syndrome is believed to be immune mediated, but the exact mechanism still remains unclear. There is an urgent need to improve our current strategies for treating patients with OMS, as ...
Wasay Mohammad - - 2008
We report three cases of ciguatera fish poisoning. One patient died secondary to respiratory failure. Two patients showed elevated muscle enzymes and one patients had an abnormal cervical spinal MRI. MRI findings have not been previously described. MRI findings explain the mechanism of the L'hermitte phenomenon (a common complaint) among ...
Al Johani K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There remain few studies describing in detail the early occurrence and long-term progression of clinical manifestations of orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) in a substantial number of patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the early and late clinical manifestations of a large case series of patients with ...
Wackermann Paula Viana - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Apart from the central nervous system parasitic invasion in chagasic immunodeficient patients and strokes due to heart lesions provoked by the disease, the typical neurological syndromes of the chronic phase of Chagas' disease (CD) have not yet been characterized, although involvement of the peripheral nervous system has ...
Ago Mihoko - - 2008
We report the simultaneous deaths of two individuals by inhalation of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), produced either by the putrefaction of a large quantity of sweet corn or by heavy oil that flowed out of the fuel tank of a large stranded cargo vessel. Ten workers went into a water ballast ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2008
We sought to clarify the clinical, laboratory, neuroradiologic, and neurophysiologic features of the "subacute" subtype of encephalopathy. We retrospectively identified nine patients with subacute encephalopathy out of 97 patients diagnosed as manifesting acute encephalopathy. Neurologic symptoms, clinical course, laboratory data, neuroradiologic and electroencephalographic findings, and outcomes were reviewed through medical ...
Martin Rick - - 2008
Mucopolysaccharidosis II, also known as Hunter syndrome, is a rare, X-linked disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase, which catalyzes a step in the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans. In patients with mucopolysaccharidosis II, glycosaminoglycans accumulate within tissues and organs, contributing to the signs and symptoms of the disease. ...
Peter John Victor - - 2008
The objective of the study was to describe the clinical characteristics and course of delayed-onset organophosphate (OP) poisoning. In our clinical experience, we have noticed patients with onset of deep coma 4-7 days after hospital admission, clinical features that have not been previously described. We set up a prospective observational ...
Solinas C - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate and describe the importance of neurological complications in patients with a confirmed diagnosis of porphyria. Clinical details are presented for a cohort of 14 patients who presented with one of four categories of symptoms: seizures, polyneuropathy, transient sensory-motor symptoms and cognitive or ...
Sonck J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cases of cefepime neurotoxicity have been sporadically reported in patients with renal failure. The neurotoxicity of cefepime might be underestimated and the frequency of its neurotoxic effects may be insufficiently recognized. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the files of patients with renal failure who were treated with cefepime and who ...
Mascia Luciana - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and severity of nonneurological organ dysfunction and its effect on outcome in acute neurological patients in an international cohort observational study. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of database from the observational Sepsis Occurrence in Acutely Ill Patients (SOAP) study in 198 intensive care units (ICUs) in ...
Ramappa Preeti - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Release of cardiac biomarkers is reported in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Data addressing the impact of cardiac injury on outcome in these patients is sparse. This study was conducted to ascertain the association of elevation of serum cardiac Troponin-I (cTnI) with mortality and neurological outcome in patients with ...
Cojocaru Inimioara Mihaela - - 2008
Autoantibodies to ribosome P react with the cytoplasmic ribosomes and are specific for the diagnostic of lupus with neurological involvement. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence of serum autoantibodies to ribosome P as a biomarker for lupus with neurological involvement. We measured serum autoantibodies in 47 lupus ...
Maeda Yuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although the number of patients with tuberculous spondylitis in Japan is increasing slowly, the proportion of the elderly among these patients is increasing more quickly. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical features and diagnostic imaging findings in elderly tuberculous spondylitis patients in order to enhance ...
Liu Jiung-Hsiun - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning causing alteration in acid-base equilibrium was reported before. Hence, different acid-base statuses may present in patients with acute poisoning due to OP exposure. This study aims to determine the impact of acid-base interpretation in patients with acute OP poisoning before hospitalization in medical care units ...
Matta Noelle S NS From the Family Eye Group, Lancaster, - - 2008
To determine the efficiency of mapping out the field of single binocular vision in patients with incomitant strabismus using a modification of the Lancaster Test (Matta Map). The Matta Map is a simple variant of the Lancaster Screen in which a patient does not use the red-green fusion-dissociating spectacles while ...
Hellström Per - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the neuropsychological performance of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) with that of healthy individuals and to examine its relation to neurological signs, vascular comorbidity, and background factors. METHODS: A consecutive series of 58 patients with INPH underwent neurological, neuroradiological, and neuropsychological examinations. The neuropsychological tests, ...
Cibisev A - - 2007
Acute poisoning with corrosive substances can cause severe chemical injuries of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract. They are most frequently localized in the oesophagus and stomach. If the patient survives the acute phase of poisoning, the regenerative response can result in oesophageal and/or gastric stenosis and a higher ...
Chateau-Degat M-L - - 2007
Ciguatoxins exert their effect on the voltage-sensitive sodium channels of the cellular membranes of all excitable tissues. This effect confers to ciguatera disease (CD) its neurologic hallmarks. A prospective study among French Polynesian adults over a two-month period was conducted to characterize and determine the persistence of neurologic symptoms of ...
Krenová M - - 2007
The aim of our study was to evaluate the severity of hepatic and kidney damage with a focus on their reversibility, and to analyze the prognostic factors following Amanita phalloides poisoning based on calls made to the Czech Toxicological Information Centre. A variety of clinical and laboratory parameters were collected. ...
Babu Rajesh B - - 2007
Two patients presented with retinitis as the initial clinical manifestation of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), a delayed neurologic complication of measles. In one patient, the ocular involvement preceded the neurologic symptoms by 4 weeks and in the other patient by 4 years. The diagnosis of SSPE was suspected when neuropsychiatric ...
Kim Hye-Jin - - 2007
Poststroke hypotension may be related to early neurological deterioration and infarct progression by decrease of cerebral perfusion, particularly in patients with ischemic penumbra. However, optimal management guideline of blood pressure in the setting of acute stroke is absent, and remains a matter of debate. We report here a patient who ...
Dassanayake T - - 2008
To determine prolonged effects of organophosphorus (OP) insecticide poisoning on cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs). ERPs of a group of 32 patients recovered from cholinergic phase of OP insecticide poisoning were compared with those of two matched control groups: 32 healthy volunteers and nine patients hospitalised with paracetamol overdose. A follow-up ...
da Silva-Júnior F P - - 2008
Although dysphagia is a common complaint of patients with Wilson's disease (WD) and pneumonia is an important cause of death in these patients, swallowing function remains an underinvestigated field in this condition. The aim of this study was to characterize swallowing dynamics in WD patients. Eight WD patients and 15 ...
Wraith J Edmond - - 2008
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) is a rare X-linked recessive disease caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulphatase, leading to progressive accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in nearly all cell types, tissues and organs. Clinical manifestations include severe airway obstruction, skeletal deformities, cardiomyopathy and, in most patients, neurological decline. ...
Wang Ping - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical value of applying Tc-99m TRODAT-1 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the dopamine transporter to evaluate disease severity in young patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic Wilson disease (WD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation of Tc-99m TRODAT-1 SPECT was ...
Kudo Hiroshi - - 2007
Treatment for severe cerebellar infarction has been controversial. Clinical outcomes of patients with external ventricular drainage (EVD) and decompression as the first treatment for the infarction were compared. A total of 25 patients with severe cerebellar infarction were subdivided into two groups to compare outcome of the group (group A) ...
Kumar Raj - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of response to treatment in pediatric patients with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) is performed using a disability grading system but may be better determined by a score based on clinical parameters. This study proposes a scoring system based on a comprehensive neurological examination to assess surgical outcome ...
Salvarani Carlo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical findings, response to therapy, outcome, and incidence of primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV) in a large cohort from a single center. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 101 patients with PCNSV, selected by predetermined diagnostic criteria, who were seen during a 21-year period. This was a ...
López-Laso E - - 2007
Late-onset neurological disease has rarely been reported in patients with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency. We present two siblings with GCDH deficiency. One of them presented with the classic neurological disease (patient 1). Routine investigation of family members revealed that her apparently unharmed 13-year-old sister was also affected (patient 2). Patient ...
Brimioulle Serge - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether hyponatremia in acute neurological patients is associated with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) or with the cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS). DESIGN: Clinical, controlled, prospective study. SETTING: Department of intensive care of a tertiary care academic hospital. PATIENTS: Forty acute neurological patients with hyponatremia ...
García-Cazorla A - - 2007
Neurotransmitters are essential in young children for differentiation and neuronal growth of the developing nervous system. We aimed to identify possible factors related to secondary neurotransmitter abnormalities in pediatric patients with neurological disorders. We analyzed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and biogenic amine metabolites in 56 infants (33 males, 23 females; mean ...
Ding Ding - - 2007
We traced 85 Japanese encephalitis (JE) patients, 6-27 years after hospitalizations. The first control group was made up of 73 non-JE encephalitis patients 6-27 years previously, whereas the second control group was made up 78 neighborhood residents, matched to the 78 surviving JE cases by age, sex, and residence. All ...
Westermaier Thomas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) may be caused by aneurysm rupture. Patients can present in very poor clinical condition with anisocoria or even bilaterally dilated pupils, absent brainstem reflexes, and cardiac insufficiency. For the clinician, the question is how should these patients be treated? Large series on this subject ...
Azevedo José Raimundo A de - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare intensive insulin therapy to conventional glycemic control in patients with acute neurological injury evaluating neurological outcome and morbimortality. METHOD: Patients with two glycemias above 150 mg/dL 12 hours after admission were randomized to receive intensive insulin therapy (G1) or conventional treatment (G2). We evaluated a subgroup of ...
Rasmussen Keith G - - 2007
There are relatively few case reports of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with multiple sclerosis. We present 3 such patients, all of whom received safe, effective ECT without evidence of acute neurological deterioration. We conclude that patients with multiple sclerosis being considered for ECT should have a thorough neurological evaluation, ...
Erguven M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review characteristics of mushrooms and mushroom poisoning and compare clinical picture, laboratory data, treatment modalities and prognostic factors in children with amanita intoxication and non-amanita mushroom poisoning. METHODS: We analyzed 39 pediatric patients through 1994-2004, retrospectively from the patient files and evaluated the patients in two ...
Capablo J L - - 2008
Type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1) is characterised by lack of central nervous system involvement; however, there are several reports of associated neurological manifestations. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate neurological manifestations in 31 patients with GD1 (12 males and 19 females; mean age 39.4 (range 5-77) years). ...
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