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Turedi Suleyman - - 2011
Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is an emerging diagnostic biomarker for many ischemic conditions. This study was conducted to investigate whether there is a change in IMA levels in carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and, if so, the clinical relevance of IMA levels. This cohort study, performed between November 2008 and April 2009, ...
Kiely Paul - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was undertaken over a 6-month period to determine the incidence of the inverted supinator reflex in asymptomatic, neurologically normal individuals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to assess asymptomatic patients for the presence of the inverted radial reflex and to determine its clinical relevance. ...
Hayashida Hiromi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In past research, procalcitonin (PCT) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) have been reported to be useful biomarkers in predicting neurological outcome after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA), although they have only been studied separately. In this study, we compared the usefulness of ...
Estruch-Pérez María J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The bispectral index (BIS) is derived from the EEG and therefore may be useful to diagnose intraoperative cerebral ischaemia. This study was undertaken to investigate BIS changes in awake patients with and without neurological deficits during carotid endarterectomy under regional anaesthesia. METHODS: Seventy consecutive carotid endarterectomies under ...
Romero Carlos M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of swallowing dysfunction in nonneurologic critically ill patients who require percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) for prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) and to compare the duration of the cannulation period and length of stay in the critical care unit (CCU) in ...
Panicker Jalesh N - - 2010
AIMS: To evaluate the pattern of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in patients with neurological disease in the setting of a rehabilitation service in a developing country, and analyze causes for unexpected lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: Patients with neurological disorders and having significant LUTS were prospectively evaluated. Level ...
Velasco Roser - - 2010
Bortezomib (BTZ) is a proteasome inhibitor approved in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy (BIPN) is an unpredictable dose-limiting adverse event in one-third of patients. In the present study, 58 relapsed/refractory MM patients treated with BTZ were analyzed. The study's aim was to compare BIPN incidence and ...
Kalyoncu Umut - - 2010
We conducted this study to determine familial Mediterranean fever (FMF)-associated central nervous system involvement including demyelinating lesions, stroke, and posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Patients with MEFV mutations were systematically reviewed through the Medical Biology Unit database. All samples sent for mutation analysis were screened for 10 common MEFV mutations. ...
Jaur?guiberry S - - 2010
In non-endemic countries, acute (invasive) schistosomiasis (AS) is typically seen in non-immune travellers, whereas chronic schistosomiasis is more frequently diagnosed in immigrants. Travellers with AS initially present with non-specific signs such as fever, cough, headache, and urticaria. Life-threatening cardiac and neurological complications may occur. The positive diagnosis of AS relies ...
Chipaux M - - 2010
Although status epilepticus (SE) affects the course of Dravet syndrome (DS), it rarely alters dramatically psychomotor outcome. We report an unusual pattern in 3 patients who following refractory SE lasting respectively 2, 7 and 12h experienced persistent and severe cognitive and motor deterioration. We compared these patients to published data ...
Ideguchi Haruko - - 2010
The type and frequency of neurological manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD) vary with ethnicity. We analyzed the neurological manifestations of BD in Japanese patients. All patients undergoing treatment at one of the two Yokohama City University hospitals from July 1991 to December 2007 and who fulfilled the Japanese criteria for ...
Naik Karkal Ravishankar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neurological manifestations secondary to extrapontine myelinolysis and rhabdomyolysis caused by hypernatremia are infrequently reported. Occurrence of neurological manifestations due to spontaneous hypernatremia during postpartum period producing rhabdomyolysis and cerebral parenchymal MRI changes has not been previously reported. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of clinical and radiological profile of postpartum hypernatremia. METHODS: Clinical, ...
Kurisaki Emiko - - 2010
We report a patient who ingested about 13 g of Padan SG, a cartap-containing pesticide. After ingestion, the patient developed multiple seizures and dyspnea and lost consciousness. The patient did not recover and died on the fifth hospital day despite treatment at the early stage of poisoning. The cause of ...
Lin Chun-Chi - - 2010
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) leaves resemble those of foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) when the plant is not in bloom and, therefore, cardiac glycoside poisoning may occur when people confuse foxglove with comfrey. We report an outbreak of foxglove leaf poisoning following the use of alleged "comfrey" herbal tea. Nine patients were involved ...
Shehata Ghaydaa A - - 2010
Brucellosis is a multisystem disease that may present with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Neurobrucellosis is one of the complications. The objective of this study was to determine neuropsychiatric manifestations among patients with brucellosis. Twenty-seven consecutive patients with brucellosis (14 patients with manifest neurological manifestation and 13 patients without ...
Tylki-SzymaƄska Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe demographic, genetic, and clinical characteristics of patients with neuronopathic Gaucher disease (NGD). METHODS: All patients enrolled in the Neurological Outcomes Subregistry of the International Collaborative Gaucher Group (ICGG) Gaucher Registry as of June 2007 were identified. RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 131 patients from 17 countries who ...
Beppu Takaaki - - 2010
Chronic neuropsychiatric symptoms after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are caused by demyelination of cerebral white matter fibers. We examined whether diffusion tensor imaging can sensitively represent damage to fibers of the centrum semiovale in the subacute phase after CO intoxication. Subjects comprised 13 adult patients with CO poisoning, classified into ...
Venkitaraman R R Department of Oncology, Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, UK. - - 2010
Neurological deficit from malignant spinal cord compression (SCC) is a major complication of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). The aims of the present study were to determine the incidence of neurological deficit in metastatic prostate cancer patients and to determine the optimal frequency of screening magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) spine ...
Payne Miranda - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The Lambert Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is a paraneoplastic disorder associated with raised serum voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) antibodies in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). VGCC can also be found in patients with SCLC and cerebellar ataxia. This was a prospective study to assess the incidence of ...
H?ffken Oliver - - 2010
Electroneurographic testing is one of the standard instruments to detect polyneuropathy (PNP). The objective of this study was to develop a screening tool with optimized sensitivity and specificity, consisting of a short questionnaire and a short standardized neurological examination. One hundred one patients with a suspected PNP were prospectively selected ...
Hölscher Sara - - 2010
The intention of this analysis was to identify patients with treated Wilson disease (WD) and residual neurological symptoms in order to determine whether or not they were undergoing any treatment in addition to the common decoppering medication. Moreover, the effects of any symptomatic medication were analyzed. Two samples of WD ...
Chang Gregory Youngnam - - 2010
Intermittent spontaneous recurrent foot movement characterized by sudden ankle dorsiflexion followed by slower relaxation, termed foot-dipping (FD), may occur in coma. The clinical significance of this easily overlooked sign is unknown. Twenty-three cases were identified by a single observer over a 10-year period of predominant inpatient neurologic care. Details of ...
Shahien Radi - - 2010
Neurologic involvement in Behçet's disease (BD), also known as neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD), is one of the most devastating manifestations of the disease. The etiology of BD remains obscure and speculative. NBD usually occurs 1-10 years after the first symptom of BD has occurred, and its incidence is 18% (range of ...
Noè Anna - - 2010
Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%. We describe 6 cases of CSA related neurotoxicity out of 67 matched related HSCT performed in paediatric Middle East patients affected by haemoglobinopaties (5 beta ...
Andrikos E E General Hospital G. Hatzikosta, Ioannina, - - 2010
Fabry disease is a progressive metabolic disorder with a clinical course characterized by different phases and a variety of disease manifestations. The first symptoms generally appear in childhood or early adolescence and are followed by late life-threatening complications involving vascular, renal, cardiac, and cerebral systems. We report the clinical and ...
B?rk Katrin - - 2009
In celiac disease (CD), the gut is the typical manifestation site but atypical neurological presentations are thought to occur in 6 to 10% with cerebellar ataxia being the most frequent symptom. Most studies in this field are focused on patients under primary neurological care. To exclude such an observation bias, ...
Kamgno Joseph - - 2009
The main risk factor of post-ivermectin serious adverse events (SAEs) is the presence of a high Loa loa microfilaremia. However, the majority of patients with such high loads do not develop SAEs, suggesting that co-factors may be involved. An infection with simian Loa parasites, whose microfilariae show a nocturnal periodicity, ...
Pineda M - - 2010
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an inherited neurovisceral lysosomal lipid storage disease characterized by progressive neurological deterioration. Different clinical forms have been defined based on patient age at onset: perinatal, early-infantile (EI), late-infantile (Li), juvenile and adult. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of miglustat in 16 symptomatic NP-C ...
Jalili Mohammad - - 2009
A 32-year-old man presented to the emergency department (ED) with lower abdominal pain and constipation. He related chronic ingestion of large amounts of opium. Physical examination showed mild abdominal tenderness and gingival discoloration. Diagnostic studies showed a mild hypochromic, microcytic anemia with basophilic stippling of the red blood cells. Abdominal ...
Chen Hsien-Yi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Organophosphate (OP) poisoning is a worldwide concern. Several factors have been identified to predict outcomes of OP poisoned patients. This study focuses on the relationship between the trend in Serum cholinesterase (SChE) activity and its clinical outcome in acute OP poisoned patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records ...
Yoshikawa Tetsushi - - 2009
We sought to clarify clinical features of exanthem subitum associated-encephalitis/encephalopathy, generally caused by primary human herpesvirus-6 infection in Japan. A two-part questionnaire was sent to hospitals between January 2003-December 2004. Of 3357 questionnaires, 2357 (70.2%) were returned, and 2293 (68.3%) were eligible for analysis. Eighty-six cases of exanthem subitum-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy ...
Linn Francisca H H - - 2009
Exclusive monotherapy with zinc in symptomatic Wilson disease is controversial. Seventeen symptomatic patients with Wilson disease were treated with zinc only. The mean age at diagnosis and start of treatment was 18 years (range 13-26) with approximately half presenting as adolescents. Presentation was exclusively hepatic, exclusively neurologic, and combined in ...
Pietrini Vladimiro - - 2010
We report clinical, radiological and pathological findings in a patient with central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis. The patient was a 61-year-old woman who had a radical mastectomy for breast cancer. Based on clinical evidence, acute hyponatremia had set in only a few days before onset of symptoms. The patient's disease ...
Mullins G M - - 2009
We report an explosive presentation of neurological Behcet disease, in an Irish male patient. We present the clinical and radiological findings in our patient and discuss a novel and effective therapeutic approach. We review other treatment modalities of patients with neurological involvement.
Luo Ming-yue - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There was a hospital outbreak of venous diethylene glycol poisoning in Guangzhou, China. It is the only massive episode of venous diethylene glycol poisoning in history. Here we report its clinical features, laboratory findings, and imaging appearances. METHODS: The clinical features of 15 venous diethylene glycol poisoning patients with ...
Reddy P - - 2009
Hyponatraemia is a commonly encountered electrolyte abnormality in hospitalised patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The fact that most cases of hyponatraemia are the result of water imbalance rather than sodium imbalance underscores the role of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the pathophysiology. Hyponatraemia can be classified according ...
Quintana E - - 2009
Adamowicz and colleagues raised the alert in 2007 about patients with atypical hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) primarily misdiagnosed as CDG Ix. We describe a girl with neonatal hypertonia, facial trismus, absent swallowing and coughing reflexes, gastro-oesophageal reflux and sporadically elevated Krebs cycle metabolites and lactate. At 14 months microcephaly and hepatomegaly ...
Demircan Ahmet - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: "Mad honey" poisoning occurs from ingestion of honey produced from grayanotoxin-containing nectar, often in the setting of use as an alternative medicine. This study is designed to assess the clinical effects, demographics, and rationale behind self-induced mad honey poisoning. METHODS: The study consisted of 2 components: a standardized ...
Hartmann K - - 2009
A 37-year-old male was treated with 9 ml of 3% polidocanol foam, and he immediately reported photopsiae lasting a few minutes, though without migraine. Two hours after sclerotherapy, the patient developed speech disturbance for a few minutes. A pathological examination revealed nothing except a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Given the ...
Chen Kuang Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Japanese encephalitis virus infection is a sporadic infectious disease in Taiwan. Despite progress in laboratory examinations and imaging studies, diagnosis of Japanese encephalitis remains underestimated. This study was conducted to identify clinical symptoms and laboratory findings that may assist in early identification of this disease. METHODS: This ...
Elliott Robert - - 2009
Patients with symptomatic Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) typically exhibit a chronic, slowly progressive disease course with evolution of symptoms. However, some authors have reported acute neurological deterioration in the setting of CM-I and acquired Chiari malformations. Although brainstem dysfunction has been documented in patients with CM-II and hydrocephalus or ...
Polomský Matej - - 2012
Background: The finding of a unilaterally dilatated pupil in a patient who is otherwise alert and unimpaired can pose an interesting diagnostic problem. Algorithms have outlined the approach to evaluating anisocoria, but do not stress the importance of toxic exposures. Case Report: A patient with a history of depression and ...
Lee Hui-Young - - 2009
Glufosinate-ammonium (GLA) is a broad-spectrum herbicide used worldwide. We report a patient who attempted suicide by ingesting a liquid herbicide containing GLA. A diffusion-weighted MRI showed cytotoxic edema in the hippocampus as well as vasogenic edema in the striata. To our knowledge, vasogenic edema caused by GLA-containing herbicide involving the ...
Stöllberger Claudia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (RAF) is an increasingly performed procedure. It is performed during cardiac surgery or percutaneously by catheter. A dangerous complication of RAF is atrioesophageal fistula (AEF), which predominantly manifests neurologically owing to food embolism. Because neurologists may not be familiar with AEF and the prognosis ...
Won Sung Chul - - 2009
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiologic disease entity represented by characteristic magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of subcortical/cortical hyperintensity in T2-weighted sequences, more often observed in parieto-occipital lobes, accompanied by clinical neurologic alterations. PRES is a rare central nervous system complication in childhood hematologic-oncologic patients and shows very ...
Jalali Rakesh - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report our experience of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in consecutively treated patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 87 patients, 23 patients qualified and were treated with SRS as per predefined protocol according to AVM size, location, neurological status, prior bleeding, and the AVM score. All ...
Ea Hang-Korng HK Hôpital Lariboisière, INSERM UMR-S 606, Paris, - - 2009
A deficiency in hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) activity leads to overproduction of uric acid. According to the degree of enzymatic deficiency, a large spectrum of neurologic features can also be observed, ranging from mild or no neurologic involvement to complete Lesch-Nyhan disease. Herein, we describe a patient with hyperuricemia, juvenile-onset ...
Douvoyiannis Miltiadis - - 2009
Eighty-one cases of neurologic disease, including encephalitis, meningitis, stroke, and peripheral neuropathy, that were associated with parvovirus B19 infection were reviewed. Most patients were children, and two-thirds had central nervous system manifestations. One-third had altered immunity. Viral symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 5.7; P= .002), rash (OR, 11.5; P< .001), and ...
García-Rivera Enid J - - 2009
Dengue infection has been implicated as a cause of neurologic manifestations since the beginning of the 20th century. An enhanced surveillance system for encephalitis and aseptic meningitis developed by the Puerto Rico Department of Health in collaboration with the Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, identified eleven laboratory ...
De Grandis E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the long-term neurological, neuropsychological and neuroradiological sequelae and to determine prognostic factors for neurological outcome in children with neuroblastoma-associated opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia (OMA) syndrome. METHODS: Data on medical history were collected for the study patients. Examinations with grading of neurological signs, neuropsychological tests ...
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