Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 874
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Erasmus R T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency, outcome and association with neurological signs and symptoms of severe hyponatraemia (< 120 mmol/l) in adult hospitalised patients. DESIGN: Retrospective study of severe hyponatraemia using laboratory data to identify patients. SETTING: 800 bed peri-urban hospital in the former homeland of Transkei. SUBJECTS: All adult inpatients ...
Schmid C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing implantation of left ventricular assist systems (LVAS) are prone to thromboembolic complications. We analyzed the incidence, clinical findings, and outcome of neurologic and systemic thromboembolic events (TE) in patients with the Novacor N100 LVAS. In a subset of patients, transcranial Doppler sonography was used to detect microembolic ...
Farmer J - - 1998
Neurologic deterioration after cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) at a regional spinal cord center was examined. This study examined the incidence of neurologic deterioration as well as associated risk factors in our patient population. Up to 5.8% of cervical SCI patients have been noted to deteriorate neurologically after admission. Risk ...
Tay S Y - - 1998
This paper presents our experience with patients admitted for poisoning to the adult medical intensive care unit (MICU), Tan Tock Seng Hospital, from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1995. Case records of 50 consecutive patients admitted to the MICU for management of poisoning were retrospectively analysed for epidemiologic data ...
Pikus H J - - 1998
OBJECT: To compare microsurgical and stereotactic radiosurgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), the authors analyzed a prospective series of 72 consecutive patients who were treated microsurgically for cerebral AVMs by one neurosurgeon. The authors then compared the results of microsurgical treatment with published results of stereotactic radiosurgical treatment of small ...
Lin T J - - 1998
Alocasia macrorrhiza (L) Schott and Endl is called Hai Yu, Tien Ho, Shan Yu, Kuan Yin Lien, Tu Chiao lien, Lao Hu Yu and Lang Du in Chinese. Its common English name is Giant Elephant's Ear. The toxic effects of A macrorrhiza arise from sapotoxin and include gastroenteritis and paralysis ...
Christodoulou J - - 1998
We report on the long-term clinical course of 4 boys with Menkes disease, treated from early infancy with parenteral copper-histidine, with follow-up over 10-20 years. Three of the 4 had male relatives with a severe clinical course compatible with classical Menkes disease. As a consequence of early treatment, our patients ...
Ribeiro I R - - 1998
The preliminary results of a clinical safety review that partly used the Cochrane methodology are presented. Despite methodological limitations including incomplete databases, this review collated evidence corroborating the benign safety profile of the artemisinin type of compounds. No difference was apparent amongst the various derivatives. At the time the workshop ...
Ismail B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and type of neurological abnormalities in schizophrenic patients and their nonpsychotic siblings. METHOD: A comprehensive neurological assessment, including evaluation of both hard and soft signs, was performed for 60 schizophrenic patients, 21 siblings, and 75 normal comparison subjects. RESULTS: ...
DeMyer W - - 1998
The neurologic examination is reviewed with regard to efficiency, technical errors, and patient comfort. Misleading nomenclature causes errors in executing and interpreting many bedside tests. The examiner can insure success by accepting every patient nonjudgmentally and by maintaining a mind-set that expects to find abnormalities. Since the examiner cannot do ...
Defino H L HL Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, SP, - - 1998
Forty-three patients with fractures of the thoracolumbar spine submitted to surgical treatment using the Harms method (dorsoventral operations) were studied prospectively with a follow-up of at least 12 months and evaluated on the basis of clinical and radiologic parameters and in relation to their professional activities. Thirty-five patients (81.3%) were ...
Gürler A - - 1997
To evaluate the prevalence of the clinical findings in Behçet's disease, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 2147 Behçet patients from 9 to 87 years of age (mean age 38.3 years) followed up during the years 1976 through 1997. One thousand ninety three patients were male and 1054 patients ...
Walpoth B H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass has been used to rewarm victims of accidental deep hypothermia. Unlike other rewarming techniques, it restores organ perfusion immediately in patients with inadequate circulation. This study evaluated the long-term outcome of survivors of accidental deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest who had been rewarmed with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: ...
Gaebler C - - 1997
88 patients with thoracolumbar fractures and short-segment (mono or two segment) pedicle instrumentation from the years 1985-92 had a follow-up examination after an average time of 5.6 years. The 56 men and 32 women had an average age of 32.6 years at the time of injury, 24 patients primarily had ...
Huang L T - - 1997
Fifteen paediatric patients with Salmonella meningitis were retrospectively reviewed. Presenting symptoms and signs included fever, vomiting, seizures, poor activity, diarrhoea and bulging anterior fontanelle in most patients. Seven out of eight patients with prolonged fever for > 10 days had neurologic sequelae; therefore, prolonged fever is a significant prognostic factor ...
Yonekawa Y - - 1997
A questionnaire was distributed in early 1996 to 160 leading European neurological, neuro-pediatric and neurosurgical centers to assess the present status of Moyamoya disease in Europe. The response rate was 43%. Information was obtained on a total of 168 patients, of whom 110 had presented before 1992, and 58 from ...
Zentner J - - 1997
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprises a total of 322 patients who were seen in our neurosurgical department as inpatients (N = 241) or outpatients (N = 81) for lumbar disk herniation. Patients presenting with major neurological deficits and/or symptoms reflecting lumbar stenosis were excluded. All patients were scheduled for ...
Sato K - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: This study is a prospective, clinical study assessing the efficacy of selective decompression of the responsible level in two-level stenosis in accordance with neurologic findings defined by the gait load test, and functional diagnosis based on selective nerve root block. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the clinical features of two-level ...
Porter P J - - 1997
Despite recent studies of the natural history of cavernous malformations, there remains significant uncertainty concerning hemorrhage rates and the importance of lesion location. Controversy arises over varying definitions of "hemorrhage." What is ultimately important to the patient is the occurrence of a neurological event, which may or may not be ...
Rosenblatt D S - - 1997
The clbC form of methylmalonic acidaemia is a rare and poorly understood condition which results from impaired biosynthesis of methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. The consequent functional deficiencies of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and methionine synthase produce both methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria. Systemic symptoms and neurological decompensation comprise the clinical phenotype. In an effort ...
Gómez-Aranda F - - 1997
This is the first large series, comprising 50 patients who suffered a total of 164 episodes, of pseudomigraine with temporary neurological symptoms and lymphocytic pleocytosis (PMP syndrome). Onset of PMP was between the ages of 14 and 39 years and was most frequent in males (68%). Eight males (24%) and ...
Wrenn K - - 1997
This is a retrospective case series conducted at two university hospital emergency departments of 68 patients with a discharge diagnosis of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning presenting during two different ice storms (March 1991 and February 1994) in two cities (Rochester, NY, and Nashville, TN). Fifty-five patients were seen over 10 ...
Bartlett J A - - 1997
Extrapulmonary involvement with Pneumocystis carinii has been described in 0.5%-2.5% of persons with AIDS. One hundred nine patients with AIDS and confirmed extrapulmonary pneumocystosis were identified, and seven of these patients (including our patients) had central nervous system (CNS) pneumocystosis. Of these seven patients, six had prior AIDS-related complications, and ...
Putman C W - - 1997
A case of a child presenting with congenital abnormalities at birth is reported. The early development remained severely retarded and acquired skills minimally. The head circumference centile decreased. Magnetic resonance imaging showed progressive neuronal atrophy and secondary delay in myelination. Dihydropyrimidine concentrations in body fluids were quantitated by NMR spectroscopy. ...
Werhahn K J - - 1997
The clinical and neurophysiologic features of 14 patients with chronic posthypoxic myoclonus are presented. Patients were first seen a mean of 2.5 years (range, 2 to 105 months) after the hypoxic event and followed up for 3.7 years (range, 7 to 84 months) thereafter. All patients had had a cardiorespiratory ...
Ramos-Remus C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and radiological 2-yr followup of 22 patients with anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) from a prospective cohort of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: The 2-yr assessment included a structured questionnaire for rheumatologic and neurologic complaints and lateral cervical radiographs in maximal flexion view. Initial and 2-yr ...
Kaplan R F - - 1997
A mild chronic encephalopathy may be the most common neurologic symptom in patients with late stage Lyme disease. The symptoms tend to be diffuse and nonspecific, and patients typically report memory loss, sleep disturbance, fatigue, and depression. Among patients with these symptoms, it is generally felt that those with abnormal ...
Osterlundh G - - 1997
Cranial irradiation has been widely used in order to prevent central nervous system (CNS) relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in childhood. Owing to the risk of late side effects, the Nordic Society for Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO) replaced CNS irradiation with systemic high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) in 1992. A ...
Alves G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Neurologic and radiologic disorders have been reported in patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition (PN). On the basis of elevated serum manganese levels, some of these abnormalities have been attributed to manganese intoxication. Alterations of the basal ganglia signal intensity on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRIs) have been previously reported, ...
Eschweiler G - - 1997
Young homocystinuria patients suffering from lens dislocation frequently have to undergo eye surgery. We describe a 16-year-old girl with mild mental retardation who became psychotic-delirant immediately after the last of three lentectomia operations performed under general thiopental anaesthesia. Because methionine, homocysteine, its oxidation product homocysteate and cysteine are potent glutamate ...
Winnik L - - 1997
The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency and the kind of multiorgan damage in acute oral carbamates poisonings. Under analysis there were 36 carbamates orally poisoned patients treated at the Department of Clinical Toxicology in the years 1987-1997. Patients with the liver or biliary tract diseases, chronic ...
Naderi S - - 1996
Forty-four patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent a ventral surgical approach were evaluated with respect to the results of surgery. The neurological status of the patients was categorized according to the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scale (0-18). Three patients had a functional score of 8, one patient 9, five ...
Palanzo D A - - 1996
With the push to get patients through the system in five days, most patients undergoing nonemergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are being "fast-tracked'. Using this anaesthetic regimen appears to keep patients less anaesthetized (light) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) than when using our previous regimen. This is manifested by higher ...
Buchwald D - - 1996
To determine the prevalence of cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in Southeast Asian refugees with reactive serologic tests for syphilis, we evaluated 65 patients, 36 prospectively and 29 retrospectively, in a primary care clinic. Information was collected on history of treponemal infections, neurologic symptoms and signs, and total protein concentration, leukocyte count, ...
Esmaeli B - - 1996
Fourteen patients presenting with neuropsychiatric manifestations of Wilson's disease were treated with oral tetrathiomolybdate (TM) for 8 weeks followed by oral zinc (Zn) maintenance therapy. The patients were evaluated prospectively at baseline and at yearly intervals for up to 5 years by slit-lamp biomicroscopy and photography, quantitative neurologic and speech ...
Bajiya H N - - 1996
This hospital based study was carried out on 185 adult patients of cerebral malaria. Out of 185 patients, 62 (33.5%) died and 123 (66.5%) survived. Neurological sequelae were present in 13 (10.5%) of 123 survivors at the time of discharge (i.e. 10-15 days after recovery from coma) from the hospital. ...
Brewer G J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy and toxic effects of ammonium tetrathiomolybdate in the initial treatment of a relatively large series of patients with neurologic symptoms and signs caused by Wilson disease. Two key aspects of efficacy are to preserve the neurologic function present at the onset of therapy and to ...
Pagano L - - 1996
We retrospectively studied a consecutive series of 100 patients with acute leukemia and aspergillosis to evaluate the clinical findings and risk factors for colonization of the central nervous system (CNS) by Aspergillus species. The diagnosis of CNS aspergillosis was made in 14 patients on the basis of the following criteria: ...
Caramelli P - - 1996
Recent studies suggest the occurrence of a neurological dysfunction in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The purpose of the present study was to verify the clinical value of a neurological evaluation in patients with the disease. We submitted 15 patients with OCD (five of whom were under clomipramine) and 15 controls in ...
Brannagan T H TH - - 1996
Intravenous immune globulin (IVIg) is advocated as a safe treatment for immune-mediated neurologic disease. We reviewed the medical records of 88 patients who were given IVIg for a neurologic illness. Major complications in four patients (4.5%) included congestive heart failure in a patient with polymyositis, hypotension after a recent myocardial ...
Qamar I U - - 1996
Seven patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome who had major neurological symptoms during the acute illness were neurologically and cognitively evaluated prospectively several years after recovery from the illness. Four patients showed evidence of subtle neurological sequelae, including posturing, clumsiness, poor fine-motor coordination, hyperactivity, and distractibility. Psychoeducational evaluation of all seven subjects ...
Reilly M C - - 1996
Unstable fractures of the pelvic ring are an increasingly frequent outcome of motor vehicle trauma. Neurologic injury after such injuries can be a cause of significant morbidity. The available literature on neurologic injuries was reviewed and compared with a clinical review of 90 unstable pelvic injuries treated during a 3-year ...
Plantaz D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant cause of spinal compression in the pediatric population. More than 30% of patients who are impaired prior to treatment remain impaired after the completion of therapy. Those who do not improve after decompressive laminectomy may go on to develop severe delayed spinal deformities. ...
Weglage J - - 1996
The intellectual, neurological, and neuropsychological outcome of patients with non-phenylketonuric-hyperphenylalaninaemia (PKU-HPA) (serum phenylalanine levels under free diet < 600 mumol/l) has not been systematically studied so far. We therefore tested 28 patients (mean age = 21.8, SD = 4.2 years) for IQ (WAIS-R/WISC-R), school performance, job career, clinical neurological examination, ...
Muller A F - - 1996
Neurological complications are a recognized but unusual manifestation of celiac disease. We present here our experiences with four current cases. Age of patients at presentation with neurological signs varied from 7 to 67 yr. In one patient, the neurological disability developed before the diagnosis of celiac disease, whereas, in the ...
Uhl R L - - 1996
Cumulative trauma disorders plague industry, yet definite diagnostic criteria and treatment guidelines have not been established. This study is a review of a group of 470 worker's compensation patients with upper-extremity pain. Eighty-four of these patients had neurologic symptoms that were related to repetitive activities, rather than a specific pain-producing ...
Incorpora G - - 1996
Three hundred forty patients were diagnosed with pertussis infection at the Pediatric Clinic of the University of Catania, Sicily during the period 1979-1994. None of these patients had been previously vaccinated. Fourteen developed neurological complications at some point in their course, which took the form of seizures (both febrile and ...
Hirai T - - 1996
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of aging and cerebrovascular diseases on T2 shortening in the motor cortex at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-field-strength (1.5-T) MR images of 298 neurologically normal patients (157 male patients, 141 female patients; age range, 2-86 years) and 107 patients with cerebrovascular diseases ...
Matsuyama W - - 1996
A 33-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital because of progressive gait disturbance and involuntary movement of the neck. He showed choroideremia, distal motor neuropathy, and leukoencephalopathy on T2-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Choroideremia is a rare X-linked, progressive, degenerative disease of retina and choroid. There have been ...
Bismuth C - - 1996
Five patients survived acute paraquat ingestion, despite developing restrictive pulmonary dysfunction. Of these, 2 patients with documented long-term follow-up had progressive functional improvement. A literature review revealed 29 other patients surviving restrictive pulmonary dysfunction following acute paraquat poisoning. Some patients who survive an acute paraquat poisoning may develop pulmonary fibrosis, ...
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