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Results 251 - 300 of 1161
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Masson F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare disease whose full-blown form is characterized by orofacial swelling, facial palsy and lingua plicata. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the complement system as well as its role in patients with MRS. METHODS: Seven patients presenting at this hospital between November 2002 and May 2003 and ...
Mori Izumi - - 2008
High doses of pooled polyclonal IgG are commonly used to treat numerous autoimmune diseases. Their mode of action nevertheless remains only partially explained. At the same time, until now, no early biological marker has been able to predict their efficacy. In a first pilot retrospective analysis, we reviewed white blood ...
Juranic Zorica - - 2008
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal B-cell disorder with many immunological disturbances. The aim of this work was to assess whether some of food antigens contribute to the imbalance of immune response by screening the sera of MM patients for their immunoreactivity to food constituent gliadin, to tissue transglutaminase-2 (tTG-2) ...
Polat Tugcin B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The identification of a coeliac disease in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy raises critical questions on the relationship between the two entities. But cardiac functions have not been studied in patients with coeliac disease. The present study was undertaken to assess cardiac functions by Tissue Doppler Echocardiography in patient ...
Chousa Mitsuhiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To expand the criteria of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), which is a diagnosis of exclusion, we analyzed proteins separated by 1-dimensional gel electrophoresis of the retained fraction in a Con A-Sepharose column from ITP patients' sera. METHODS: Serum samples were from 19 adult patients with chronic ITP, 9 patients ...
Giasuddin A S M - - 2007
Serum complement (C3, C4) levels in Libyan patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI; 31 patients) and angina pectoris (AP; 11 patients) at the 1st day and 7th day of attack were estimated. A group of 26 healthy Libyans were taken as control subjects (CS). Serum C3 and C4 levels (mean ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2007
Circulating anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) may cause endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether aCL are related to platelet activation, thrombin generation and daily-life ischaemia in patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD). We measured (medians 25th-75th percentile) IgG, IgM, IgA aCL serum levels (Arbitrary Elisa Units, AEU), prothrombin fragments (F1+2, nmol/l), 24 ...
Al-Khaffaf Bilal - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare, benign, chronic inflammatory condition of the breast that can mimic inflammatory breast cancer and periductal mastitis (PDM). Eighteen patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of IGM, seen over a period of 25 years, were retrospectively reviewed and compared with 133 patients with PDM ...
Zhang Jun-jun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mucosal infection associated episodic macroscopic haematuria is observed in many patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN), however, the mechanism has not been elucidated. Recent study suggested that secretory IgA (SIgA) might play an important role in the pathogenesis of IgAN. The aim of this study is to investigate the level ...
Hudson Marie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although complement fixation is not commonly thought to be part of the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc), hypocomplementemia has been associated with SSc. We hypothesized that hypocomplementemia in SSc might indicate the presence of overlap disease. We investigated if SSc patients with hypocomplementemia had more features of overlap disease ...
da Rosa Utiyama Shirley Ramos - - 2008
AIMS: Down syndrome (DS) patients present several immunological disturbances, with high rates of infections, malignancies and autoimmune phenomena. The present study aims to evaluate the prevalence of autoantibodies in children and adolescents with DS that are not usually investigated, and to establish possible clinical and laboratory associations. METHODS: One hundred ...
Arora Rajiv - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) is an option for replacement therapy in patients with humoral immune deficiencies. OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and von Willebrand disease who tolerated immunoglobulin replacement via the subcutaneous route. METHODS: An 11-year-old boy receiving monthly intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) since 5 years ...
Takahashi Toru - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The pathogenesis of IPF is unknown and it is hypothesized that immunological responses are involved. The purpose of this study was to detect autoantibodies in IPF patients and to identify the relevant antigens. METHODS: Sera from 37 healthy subjects and 22 IPF patients who had no clinical ...
Zeyrek Fadile Yildiz - - 2007
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the validity of the conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the Western blotting test for the diagnosis of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) using serum samples obtained from 51 patients with parasitologically proven nontreated CL (NonT-CL patients) and 62 patients under treatment for CL ...
Moore J C - - 2007
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is the most effective therapy; however, despite TPE, about one-third of TTP patients will relapse. A subset of patients with TTP has antibodies to ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) and ...
Wine Eytan - - 2007
Hyperimmunoglobulinemia, and other manifestations of B-cell stimulation, have been reported frequently in adults with type 1 Gaucher disease. We investigated the occurrence of hyperimmunoglobulinemia in 23 pediatric patients with type 1 Gaucher disease and studied the effects of early initiation of alglucerase/imiglucerase therapy on these abnormalities. We found that the ...
Riksen Niels P - - 2007
We present a patient with a history of benign monoclonal gammopathy, who developed thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), initially presenting as bilateral serous retinal detachment. Plasma of the patient contained high titers of anti ADAMTS13 antibodies that were directed towards the disintegrin/TSR1/cysteine-rich/spacer and CUB1-2 domains. ADAMTS13 activity was undetectable. Total IgG ...
Toumi Dorsaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, retrospectively, the frequency of anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) in patients with coeliac disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ASCA, IgG and IgA were determined by ELISA in sera of 238 coeliac patients. The patients were divided into three groups: group I - 125 untreated patients; group II - 42 ...
Borhani Haghighi Afshin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of gluten sensitivity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients were 161 clinically definite MS patients who referred to neurology outpatient clinic of Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, south of Iran from March 2004 to October 2005. IgG and IgA ...
Shpitzer Thomas - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study utilized comprehensive salivary analysis to evaluate biochemical and immunological parameters in the saliva of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients. METHODS: Whole saliva was collected from 25 otherwise healthy OSCC patients and compared to 25 healthy, age- and gender-matched individuals. All OSCC lesions were located at the ...
Kamei Koichi - - 2007
We experienced two patients with IgG subclass deficiency who suffered from chronic glomerulonephritis (GN). Patient 1 was a 17-year-old girl with IgG subclass deficiency (combined deficiency of IgG2 and IgG4). Renal biopsy was performed when she was aged 16 years, and she was diagnosed with membranoproliferative GN. Patient 2 was ...
Ferrari Silvia - - 2007
To study both the pathophysiologic and the prognostic value of ADAMTS13 in thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs), we enrolled a cohort of 35 adult patients combining a first acute episode of TMA, an undetectable (below 5%) ADAMTS13 activity in plasma, and no clinical background such as sepsis, cancer, HIV, and transplantation. All ...
Ferrer Marta - - 2007
: Chronic urticaria is a skin disorder characterized by transient pruritic weals that recur from day to day for 6 weeks or more. It has a great impact on patients' quality of life. In spite of this prevalence and morbidity, we are only beginning to understand its physiopathology and we ...
Kitada S - - 2007
The present authors have previously reported the usefulness of a serodiagnostic test to detect serum glycopeptidolipid (GPL) core antibody in diagnosing Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease in immunocompetent patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate correlations between the levels of antibody against GPL core and chest ...
DAS S S - - 2007
Gel tests are now available for the determination of immunoglobulin classes and subclasses and complement fractions coating RBCs. These tests simplified serologic characterization of autoantibodies in various autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of gel cards in the serologic characterization of autoantibody with regard ...
Olinder-Nielsen Ann-Margreth - - 2007
350 adult patients in Sweden were included in a retrospective study covering more than 2000 patient-y, to evaluate the efficacy of immunoglobulin (Ig) prophylaxis. All patients had selective or combined IgG subclass deficiency, without IgA deficiency, and suffered from recurrent respiratory tract infections (RTIs). The patients had been given Ig ...
Ikonomidis I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) have been found to be elevated in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and have been associated with an adverse outcome owing to their prothrombotic activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aspirin treatment on aCL levels in patients with chronic ...
Yang Yao-Hsu YH Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, 1000 Veteran Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2006
Antiphospholipid Ab have been shown to promote thrombosis and fetal loss in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Previously, we found IgG anti-thrombin Ab in some APS patients that could interfere with inactivation of thrombin by antithrombin (AT). Considering that activated coagulation factor X (FXa) is homologous to thrombin in the catalytic ...
O'Neal Seth E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Helminth infections influence the clinical outcome of and immune response to certain immune-mediated diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 120 patients to examine the role that intestinal helminth infection plays in the clinical course of and immune response to cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) treated with pentavalent antimony. RESULTS: ...
Antonio Casado José J Spanish Fanconi Anemia Research Network and Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBERER), Madrid, - - 2007
Fanconi anaemia is a heterogeneous genetic disease, where 12 complementation groups have been already described. Identifying the complementation group in patients with Fanconi anaemia constitutes a direct procedure to confirm the diagnosis of the disease and is required for the recruitment of these patients in gene therapy trials. To determine ...
Mansoor Shireen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Anion gap between patients of multiple myeloma and normal individuals presenting at a tertiary care hospital. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a matched case-control study conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from July 10, 2004 to April 30, 2006. The anion gap (AG) from the ...
Hasson Hamid H San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Via Stamira d'Ancona 20, 20127 Milan, Italy. - - 2006
Enfuvirtide (ENF) is the first HIV-1 entry inhibitor used in clinical practice and is currently administered via the subcutaneous route. We here evaluated whether ENF administration leads to a change in humoral parameters, including IgE, possibly related to ENF-associated injection site reactions (ISRs). A 24-week prospective study was conducted in ...
Boeckler P - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Deficiencies in components of the classical pathway of complement activation are strong risk factors for lupus erythematosus (LE).Yet, it has not been addressed whether the conventional measurements of the serum hemolytic CH50 activity and antigenic concentrations of C3 and C4 are sufficient to asses a deficiency in C4A, C4B ...
Monselise A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate and clinical correlations of antibodies against saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA) among healthy family members of patients with Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: Twenty-one BD patients and 52 healthy family members (HFM) were studied. Data from medical files and from patients' interviews was collected, regarding the entire spectrum ...
Patronas Marena - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between serum immunoglobulin levels and corneal opacities in a cohort of patients with human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type-1 (HTLV-1). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Complete ophthalmologic examination was performed on 44 patients with HTLV-1 infection (25 patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma [ATL], 18 patients with ...
Redhu Naresh Singh - - 2006
In the present study, anti-Leishmania immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity was used to estimate the approximate time of disease manifestation. Significant differences (P < 0.0001) were found between the levels of anti-rKE-16 IgG avidity in leishmaniasis patients with recent and chronic diseases. More than 76% of patients with an illness duration ...
Ateş Aşkin - - 2007
The value of rheumatoid factor (RF) isotypes for assessing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains debatable. In this study, we have examined the relationships between RF isotypes and disease activity and severity in RA patients. Sixty-two patients with RA, 48 women and 14 men, were studied. RF was measured by nephelometry (RF-N) ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of complement is unclear in patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage, though low levels of complement 3 (C3) and/or complement 4 (C4) are reported to be associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (aPS). We therefore investigated whether C3 and C4 have a predictive value for subsequent miscarriages. METHODS: ...
- - 2006
By combining several patient flow initiatives at once, you can generate better results, as each improvement complements the others: A rapid admit unit allows your staff to see a greater number of patients. Bed tracking system complements rapid admit unit by showing availabilities and balancing bed usage in the units. ...
Agulló-Ortuño Ma Teresa - - 2006
Legionella pneumophila has been recognized as an important cause of community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia. This study evaluates the interrelationship between that patients group with Legionnaires disease (LD) and the possible factors that may predispose hosts to acquire this infection. Likewise, we search for preliminary biochemical and immunologic evidences that could ...
Oku, Tomozo
Quantitative analysis of IgG, IgA and IgM in serum and sputum from patients with chronic obstructive lung desease was carried out by radial immunodiffusion method. The concentration of IgE in the sera and sputa was also determined by radioimmunosorbent test. The mean IgA level in the sputa showed no significant ...
Ilknur Turna - - 2006
Although papulopustular lesions are common in patients with Behçet's disease (BD), clinically they may not be differentiated from other diseases with papulopustular presentation such as acne vulgaris or folliculitis. Therefore, there is disagreement as to whether they should be used as a diagnostic criterion in BD. The aim of this ...
Betterle Corrado - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) are prone to develop other autoimmune manifestations. An increased prevalence of celiac disease (CD) has recently been demonstrated in Northern European patients with AAD. IgA deficiency is the most frequent type of immunodeficiency among humans and is present in about one in every ...
Kaperonis E A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to investigate the association of inflammation and Chlamydia pneumoniae infection with the presence and severity of peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients whose initial claudication distance (ICD) in the traditional constant-load treadmill test was <200 m, underwent femoral endarterectomy as part of their interventional treatment (group ...
Harjacek Miroslav - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reactive arthritis (ReA) has been sporadically reported as triggered by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This study examined the potential relationship between the acute M. pneumoniae infection and juvenile spondyloarthropathy (jSpA) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with ReA secondary to acute M. pneumoniae were examined. M. pneumoniae-specific IgM, IgG and ...
Inamura Shunichi - - 2006
Since February 2003, we have conducted surgical treatment on 8 patients complicated with chronic atrial fibrillation during cardiac surgery. A radial procedure was conducted on 7 patients, and pulmonary vein isolation was conducted on 1 patient. Underlying diseases included mitral regurgitation (MR) in 5 patients, mitral stenosis (MS) in 1 ...
Elkayam O - - 2006
To determine the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated proteins (anti-CCP) and IgM rheumatoid factor (RF) in sera of patients with TB compared with healthy controls. 47 consecutive patients with recently diagnosed active pulmonary TB and 39 healthy controls were studied. Data were collected by questionnaire on clinical features of the disease, ...
Halfon P - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to search for an association between chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, indicated by elevated antibody titers against the pathogen, atherothrombosis and the occurrence of arterial ischemic events. METHODS: We studied 52 patients presenting at baseline with at least one symptomatic episode of atherothrombosis. ...
Berlana David - - 2005
We assessed the immediate effect of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) on the biochemical, immunological and hematological profiles in patients with hypogammaglobulinemia. Over a period of three months, patients with antibody deficiencies, who had been established on stable IVIG treatment as replacement therapy in our hospital, were enrolled in the study. Participants ...
Crespo-Leiro Maria G - - 2005
Severe allograft dysfunction after heart transplant (HT), without ischemia or evidence of cellular rejection upon endomyocardial biopsy (EMB), is a rare but potentially fatal condition that suggests humoral rejection (HR). Its incidence, and the methods of choice for its diagnosis and management, remain uncertain. We retrospectively studied 445 HT patients ...
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