Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1159
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Dordević D - - 1998
The aim of this paper was to investigate the frequency of increased ACLA titer in patients with ischemic brain disease (IBD) and to define their clinical profile. The group consisted of 162 IBD patients of both sexes, aged 39-81 years, with 50 healthy volunteers and 23 patients with other neurological ...
Tsutsumi A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To search for a possible relationship between the presence of IgA class anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibody (abeta2-GPI) and clinical manifestations, including thrombotic episodes, in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Serum IgA abeta2-GPI levels in 124 Japanese patients with SLE were measured using a phospholipid independent enzyme immunoassay. Relationships ...
Uetz-von Allmen E - - 1998
So far, the pathogenic significance and use for diagnosis of antiganglioside GM1 antibodies (anti-GM1) are unclear. We therefore compared serum IgM and IgG antimonosialo ganglioside GM1 levels of 33 patients with presumed immune-mediated neuropathies, 100 patients with various other central or peripheral neurological disorders, and 110 controls by ELISA. We ...
Schwartz M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Lupus anticoagulant (LA) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) are autoantibodies that can be detected in plasma or serum of patients with autoimmune-related diseases. The presence of these autoantibodies has been associated with recurrent arterial and/or venous thromboembolism as well as with recurrent fetal loss and thrombocytopenia. In recent years, other ...
Petroianu A - - 1998
The hepatosplenic form of schistosomiasis mansoni sometimes induces bleeding in oesophageal varices that requires surgical treatment. Although splenectomy is often necessary these patients rarely present with septic events, a finding that may be related to changes in the immunological system. To investigate the immunological profiles of patients with schistosomiasis, we ...
Salmaggi A - - 1997
We evaluated the frequency of serum antineuronal antibodies in a cohort of 39 neuroblastoma patients and related their presence to clinical features. Twelve patients displayed antineuronal antibodies at immunocytochemistry. Only one of these 12 patients suffered from a clinically overt paraneoplastic syndrome. No significant differences emerged between autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative ...
Loghman-Adham M - - 1997
We report a patient with multiple myeloma and a prolonged history of hypophosphatemia who had remained asymptomatic. Extensive evaluation for a cause, including the search for a renal tubular disorder, oncogenous osteomalacia, or a parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein was unproductive. Renal biopsy showed no evidence of myeloma kidney. Subsequent mixing ...
Savaşan S - - 1997
Eleven patients (10 boys, one girl) with Evans' syndrome with a median follow up time of 8.0 years were evaluated retrospectively. Six patients had either persistent hepatosplenomegaly or generalised lymphadenopathy, or both. In five patients, an increase in lymph node and/or spleen size was observed during the exacerbations of cytopenias. ...
Wagtmans M J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori antibodies in historical sera from a large group of patients with Crohn's disease and to compare the findings with those of a control group of healthy blood transfusion donors. METHODS: The historical sera from 386 patients with Crohn's disease ...
Johnson M L - - 1997
The concentration of serum immunoglobulins in individuals with IgA deficiency (IgAD) and CVID can vary with age to have practical implications for evaluation, therapy, and genetic analysis. Most IgAD and CVID patients in our clinic population in the Southeastern United States have inherited part or all of two extended MHC ...
Lacki J K - - 1997
In the present study we investigated the influence of methotrexate (MTX) and azathioprine (AZA) on the serum levels of the IgA-alpha 1-antitrypsin (IgA-AT) complex in patients with the systemic form of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). Fifty-six JCA patients (22 treated with MTX, 18 treated with AZA, and 16 not treated ...
Dickey W - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Patients with selective immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency and coeliac disease, an established association, lack serum IgA class antigliadin and endomysial antibodies (AGA, EmA). Diagnostic protocols relying on AGA and EmA to select patients for small bowel biopsies will not identify these patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether total IgA should ...
Hobart M J - - 1997
A group of patients with long-surviving mismatched kidney allografts were investigated for complement function using haemolytic assays in agarose gels. One patient was found to have no alternative pathway activity but a low normal classical pathway. Surprisingly, investigation revealed that the patient's complement was normal for all components except C9, ...
Soboslay P T - - 1997
This study examined the development and persistence of immunity in humans presenting defined states of Onchocerca volvulus infection, i.e. in exposed endemic control individuals without microfilaridermia and clinical disease, in patients with patent or post-patent onchocerciasis, and in patients concurrently infected with Mansonella perstans. Onchocerca volvulus antigen (OvAg)-specific cellular reactivity ...
Gale L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of an increased prevalence of coeliac disease in Down's syndrome. AIMS: To investigate the association, patients with Down's syndrome and matched controls were examined. METHODS: Fifty nine patients with Down's syndrome residing in government institutions in the Hunter region of New South Wales were studied. Four ...
Smith J K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Although IgE has been shown to play a role in the expulsion of intestinal parasites in experimental animals, its overall contribution to host defense in humans remains a subject of controversy. In order to clarify the potential role of IgE in host defense, we have studied the clinical characteristics ...
Nakamura H - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: A high seroprevalence of HTLV-I in female Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients has been reported in Nagasaki, Japan, an area that is heavily endemic for HTLV-I infection. Salivary IgA class antibodies to HTLV-I were common among HTLV-I seropositive patients with SS. This study was undertaken to elucidate the pathogenesis of ...
Sivakumaran M - - 1997
Chronic large granular lymphocytosis is a relatively common condition and comprises a clinically heterogenous group of patients. Phenotypically these can be divided into CD3+ (T cell) and CD3-(NK cell) expansions. They are characterized by a benign clinical course and a mild lymphocytosis, though a specific subgroup have a history of ...
Karaivanova Ludmila Angelova - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the humoral immune status and the effect of antibiotic treatment in Bulgarian patients with early Lyme disease. METHODS: A total of 34 early Lyme disease patients was examined, 16 with erythema migrans and 18 with non-specific systemic symptoms. Serum samples from all patients and from 12 healthy ...
Edelsten C - - 1997
AECAs have been found in 26% of patients with uveoretinitis in studies arising from three different laboratories, and their presence cannot simply be explained by coexisting extraocular disease. There is little correlation with ocular disease activity or other markers of systemic inflammation and vascular damage that can be found in ...
Nishina M - - 1997
1H-NMR spectroscopy with 'Hahn' spin-echo pulse sequence has been employed to investigate the metabolic profiles of sera of chronic patients with schistosomiasis japonica, and compared with those of healthy volunteers and former patients who had been treated successfully. 1H-NMR clearly detected 2,3-butanediol and leucine, and markedly elevated levels of choline ...
de Gruijl T D - - 1996
IgG reactivity against the immunodominant region aa6-35 of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) type-16 E7 was determined in a peptide-based ELISA in a cohort study of women with initial mild to moderate cervical dyskaryosis. On the basis of HPV DNA patterns, as determined by PCR in cervical smears prior to IgG testing, ...
Basta M - - 1996
To examine the role of complement in certain autoimmune neuromuscular diseases, we used an in-vitro quantitative complement uptake assay that allows measurement of the capacity of patients' sera to deposit fragments of the third complement component onto sensitized targets. C3 uptake was significantly higher in patients with active dermatomyositis, Guillain-Barré ...
Boomars K A - - 1996
In chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP), histopathological evidence exists for the degranulation of eosinophils and the release of various toxic proteins. In vitro studies have demonstrated the degranulation of eosinophils in response to aggregated and complexed immunoglobulins. The aims of this study were to investigate: 1) whether the eosinophil cationic protein ...
Gadducci A - - 1996
Antibodies against the p53 protein were measured with a sandwich-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in blood samples preoperatively collected from 30 patients with ovarian cancer and 30 patients with endometrial cancer. Anti-p53 antibodies were detected in 33.3% of patients with ovarian cancer, comprising 22.2% of the 9 patients with stage I-II ...
Vicente M - - 1996
We have measured serum levels of IgG subclasses and total IgG, IgA and IgM in a group of 34 recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) patients. At the time of blood collection, 23 of the 34 patients had active oral lesions. The remaining 11 patients were at an inactive stage. All measurement ...
Cordiano I - - 1996
The presence and specificity of antiplatelet autoantibodies in 32 patients with primary and 18 patients with secondary autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP), as well as 11 non-thrombocytopenic patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, were studied. By means of the direct and indirect monoclonal antibody immobilization of platelet antigen (MAIPA) assay, antiplatelet autoantibodies ...
Baltch A L - - 1996
The relationship between survival and serum concentrations of antibody to cytotoxin, exotoxin A, lipopolysaccharide (LPS; IgM and IgG), protease, and elastase (determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) was studied in a group of 41 patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia. The lowest mean concentrations of antibody to cytotoxin (P < .05) and ...
Kiprov D D - - 1996
PROBLEM: Several studies have evaluated the effect of intravenous gammaglobulin (IVIG) in women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA). Data regarding the underlying immunologic abnormalities in these patients is scant. This study reports the pregnancy outcome and immunologic changes observed in a large group of women with RSA associated with ...
Schlesinger M - - 1996
The present study was aimed at analyzing the existence of an impaired complement system in CLL patients. For this purpose, the serum levels of the serum complement proteins C1q, C1r, C1s, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, C9, Factor B and properdin were repeatedly evaluated by means of radial ...
Lai K N - - 1996
Human neutrophil attractant protein-1/interleukin 8 (IL-8) has been shown to activate neutrophils to degranulate in vitro and to be a potent chemotactic agonist for neutrophils and lymphocytes in vitro and in vivo. There is accumulating evidence that neutrophils are involved in inflammatory injury in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We studied the ...
Merimsky O - - 1996
Anti-tyrosinase antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in sera of patients with malignant melanoma with either metastatic disease or no evidence of disease, in patients with melanoma and associated hypopigmentation (MAH), in patients with vitiligo and in healthy volunteers. The mean relative absorbance (Arel) was calculated by dividing the ...
von Hertzen L - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The significance of persistent or recurrent respiratory infections in adult life for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still to a large extent unknown. A few clinical and experimental animal studies suggest that peripheral airways diseases may be due to the cumulative effects of recurrent respiratory ...
Dalakas M C - - 1996
High-dose intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) is emerging as a promising therapy for patients with inflammatory myopathies who have become unresponsive to, or cannot tolerate, conventional therapies. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, using objective criteria for improvement, IVIG demonstrated moderate to dramatic improvement in 75% of the patients with dermatomyositis. Preliminary ...
Tzioufas A G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate whether mixed monoclonal cryoglobulinemia (MMC) and monoclonal rheumatoid factor (mRF)-associated cross-reactive idiotypes (CRI) serve as predictive factors for the development of lymphoma in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: One hundred three consecutive patients with primary SS were evaluated from 1986 to 1991. In all ...
Mäki-Ikola O - - 1996
IgA1 and IgA2 subclass serum antibodies against whole Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria were studied earlier in the sera of 98 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and in 100 healthy blood donors by enzyme immunoassay. In this study, the patients were divided into groups according to the clinical picture, i.e., the presence ...
Kato S - - 1996
In patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) presenting with severe gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms, IgA deposition was studied in endoscopically obtained mucosal biopsies. A total number of 11 patients (male, 7; female, 4) were enrolled in this study; 7 patients underwent upper GI endoscopy and biopsy 1 underwent sigmoidoscopy and 3 underwent ...
Higuchi T - - 1996
Serum complement levels and hematological data were evaluated in five patients with immunoblastic lymphadenopathy (IBL) and four with IBL-like T cell lymphoma (IBL-T). Anemia with Hb values below 10.0 g/dl was seen in four patients. A direct Coombs test was positive in five patients and the bone marrow of two ...
Tao M - - 1996
The study was designed to assess the change in humoral immunity in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). In 42 patients with CAD and 40 healthy controls, the serum levels of IgG, IgA, IgM and complement C3 were measured by simple immune diffusion. The results showed that: (1) the serum ...
Arcangeli L - - 1996
We compared the inter-method differences shown by control materials and by patients' sera for the measurement of some plasma proteins in the same pair of analytical systems. Sets of 100 to 110 samples of patients' sera and of 18-19 control materials, including the recently available CRM 470, were assayed with ...
Nomoto S - - 1996
We have proposed the hazardous phenomena associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are due to metabolic derangement by hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction during and after CPB. On the contrary, complement activation and consumption during CPB is reported to be related to the morbidity associated with cardiac surgery. To determine the significance of ...
Lhotta K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not the inherited polymorphism of complement C4 is associated with genetic susceptibility to microvascular complications in IDDM as previously reported. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We determined C4 phenotypes in 241 patients with IDDM and 140 healthy control subjects by ...
Nielsen E W - - 1995
Seven patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) were studied to understand further how physical exercise may induce attacks. The most pronounced differences between patients and controls, however, were independent of the controlled bicycle run (mean values in patients/ controls); C4(g/L): 0.12/0.28 (P = 0.0122); C4bc (AU/ml): 137.0/18.0 (P = 0.0002); C4d ...
Nityanand S - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of anticardiolipin and antiendothelial cell antibodies in patients operated on for atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease before 50 years of age. The hypothesis to be tested was whether antibodies associated with an immune/inflammatory damage to the vascular wall were associated also with early atherosclerosis. DESIGN: A ...
Shanmugam J - - 1995
One hundred and twenty seven patients belonging to Neurosurgery (49), Neuromedicine (48), Cardiac medicine (30) wards and Blood donors (30) as healthy controls were investigated for the prevalence of Toxoplasmosis by means of detecting specific IgM antibody against Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) employing Enzyme Immuno Assay (EIA). The detection rate ...
Boman S - - 1995
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been successfully used to treat autoimmune diseases. We report dramatic, rapid and sustained responses to its use in two cases of vasculitis: a patient with primary angitis of the central nervous system: and a patient with hepatitis-B-antigen-related polyarteritis nodosa, who failed treatment with corticosteroids. Improvement in ...
Sharma R P - - 1995
Estimation of serum Immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM and IgA) and complements (C3 and C4) was carried out in 100 cases of alopecia areata as per method described by Mancini (1965).[1] Clinically patients were divided in two groups, alopecia areata circumscribed (group I) and severe alopecia areata (group II). Significant decrease in ...
Tsuboi I - - 1995
In serum, the enzyme adenosine deaminase (ADA) is known to be divided into two isoenzymes, ADA1 and ADA2, which have different molecular weights and kinetic properties. The present study investigated ADA isoenzyme levels in the sera of patients infected with retroviruses associated with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), human T-cell lymphotropic ...
Kim J G - - 1995
PROBLEM: This study was undertaken to determine whether specific binding activities against endometrial proteins in sera of patients with endometriosis are detectable and, if so, to identify endometrial antigens involved in autoimmunity in endometriosis. METHOD: Sera from 33 patients with endometriosis and 20 cord sera (controls) were tested against endometria ...
Pressler T - - 1995
Heat-stable opsonins from sera of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients were investigated for their ability to activate complement. Complement activation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa after opsonization with patient serum was examined in a complement-consumption assay. Absorption of patients' sera with formalin-treated and boiled bacteria removed specific antibodies and the complement activation decreased. ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >