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Sandrasegaran Kumaresan K 1 Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 550 N University Blvd, UH 0279, Indianapolis, IN - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. T2 hyperintensity of pancreatic acini during secretin-enhanced MRCP is called "acinarization." We sought to determine the clinical significance of this finding. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients were selected if the radiology report included the phrases "acin*" (where * represented a wild card search) or "blush" using the institution's customized lexicon-search ...
Beland Michael D MD 1 Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Rhode Island Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of real-time shear-wave elastography for assessment of liver fibrosis in an unselected patient population, comparing shear-wave elastography measurements obtained at and remote from the site of random liver biopsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. In a prospective study of 50 ...
N Zekri Abdel-Rahman AR Molecular Virology and Immunology Unit, Cancer Biology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Background and aim. DNA methylation plays a critical role in the control of important cellular processes. The present study assessed the impact of promoter methylation (PM) of some genes on the antiviral response to antiviral therapy and it's relation to the presence of fibrosis in HCV-4 infected patients from Egypt. ...
Sandberg Frida F Signal Processing Group, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is the most common adverse complication during hemodialysis. Its early prediction and prevention will dramatically improve the quality of life for patients with an end stage renal disease. In a recent study, changes in the normalized envelope of the test statistic of the photoplethysmograpic (PPG) signal were ...
Olson Erik J EJ From the Trauma Service, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, - - 2014
The prevention of venous thromboembolic disease following trauma is a priority. In contrast to above-knee deep vein thrombosis (AKDVT), the management of below-knee deep vein thrombosis (BKDVT) is controversial because the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been firmly established. We hypothesized that BKDVT and AKDVT have an equivalent ...
Schulert Grant S GS From the *Division of Rheumatology and †Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
Childhood obesity is an increasing public health concern, but little is known about how obesity contributes to chronic arthritis. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize children and adolescents who present with isolated arthritis of the ankle/hindfoot/midfoot complex and profound obesity. We identified all patients with juvenile ...
Parke Rachael L RL Cardiothoracic and Vascular Intensive Care Unit, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2014
The optimal strategy for fluid replacement after major surgery remains unclear and there is considerable interest in the investigation of more restrictive fluid regimens. We aimed to establish current practice of fluid administration to patients after cardiac surgery. A multicentre, prospective observational study, over an 8-week period, of consecutive patients ...
Jeon Jin Seok JS Hyonam Kidney Laboratory, Soon Chun Hyang University, Seoul, - - 2014
It is controversial to what extent serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We analyzed the predictive role of SUA in the mortality of diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease patients starting on maintenance HD therapy. SUA was measured at ...
Danaei Shahla Momeni SM Professor, Orthodontics Research Center, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the degree of agreement between hand-wrist radiography and cervical vertebral maturation analysis in patients diagnosed with short stature. A cross-sectional study was designed; 178 patients (90 girls, 88 boys) diagnosed with short stature and seeking treatment were selected. The patients were divided into ...
Ennok M - - 2014
This study examines the performance of AD patients on the WAIS-III Block Design subtest to analyze the nature of constructional deficits. The sample is 15 patients with AD (5 men and 10 women, mean age = 73.6; mean MMSE = 21.8) and 15 healthy controls (5 men and 10 women, ...
Kessler R - - 2014
Patients with intractable complex partial seizures are complicated neurological patients to manage clinically, as the severity and nature of neurological degeneration can manifest in chronic and serious symptoms. A review of the literature suggests that the onset of psychotic symptoms in early adulthood is present in patients with intractable epilepsy ...
Amoozgar Hamid H Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2014
Transposition of Great Arteries (TGA) is a serious congenital heart disease which can be accompanied by good outcomes with anatomic correction within the first few weeks of life. The present study aimed to evaluate electrocardiographic changes in the children with uncomplicated Arterial Switch Operation (ASO). Twelve lead electrocardiograms were obtained ...
Basoglu Ozen K OK Department of Chest Diseases, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Bornova, 35100, Izmir, Turkey, - - 2014
It is claimed that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) increases in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of GERD in patients with OSAS and primary snoring and identify OSAS-related risk factors associated with GERD. In this prospective, cross-sectional, multicenter study, in total 1,104 patients ...
Yadav Ajay Kumar AK Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India, - - 2014
Pancreatic necrosis is an important determinant of patient outcome in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This prospective study was conducted to evaluate if perfusion CT (PCT) can predict the development of necrosis at an early stage in SAP. PCT was performed within 72 h of abdominal pain in 57 consecutive admitted patients ...
Jaguszewski Milosz M University Heart Center, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistr. 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) have become an emerging tool to treat coronary artery disease. However, the current use of BVS is still widely restricted to stable patients and non-complex lesions. In real-world practice patients are far more complex than those with simple type A lesions and the extended use of ...
Pezawas Thomas T Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether short-term primary preventive cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation as bridge to heart transplantation (HTX) provides any survival benefit. Thirty-three patients awaiting HTX were randomized to either conventional therapy (control group) or to primary preventive ICD implantation (ICD group). Fourteen patients had ischemic cardiomyopathy ...
Cong Chen C Department of Radiology,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing - - 2014
Objective To explore the grey matter volume(GMV)changes in neuromyelitis optica(NMO)patients using a voxel-based morphometry method. Methods Whole brain structural images were acquired in 16 NMO patients and 16 gender-and age-matched healthy controls. Comparison of GMV between the two groups was analyzed by VBM8 toolbox of statistical parametric mapping 8. Result ...
Finkel Morgan M Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
Cisplatinum (CP) is associated with acute kidney injury. The aim of this study was to define the spectrum of CP-induced nephrotoxicity in current practice. A single-center, retrospective chart review was performed on children who received CP for treatment of a malignancy at the Hassenfeld Children's Center for Blood and Cancer ...
Yi Paul H PH Rush University Medical Center, 1611 West Harrison Street, Suite 300, Chicago, IL, 60612, - - 2014
The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients with failed metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings and corrosion reactions in hip arthroplasties can be particularly difficult, because the clinical presentation of adverse local tissue reactions may mimic that of PJI, because it can also occur concurrently with PJI, and because common laboratory ...
Chen Yiyi Y The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Clinical Laboratory, Hospital Management Office, Hangzhou, China - - 2014
Acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF) is a serious condition with varied etiologies and manifestations, and is associated with a high mortality rate. Fibronectin is involved in a number of biological processes, including cellular adhesion, motility, differentiation, apoptosis, hemostasis, wound healing and ischemic injury. Serum fibronectin concentrations may provide prognostic ...
Fukushima Masashi - - 2014
Meckel's diverticulum is a congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. About 98% of affected patients are asymptomatic. Small intestinal examination has become easier since the development of double-balloon enteroscopy. The present case series describes 10 patients with Meckel's diverticulum in whom double-balloon enteroscopy was useful for diagnosis. Ten patients (8 ...
Asciutto Giuseppe - - 2014
The presence of echolucent carotid plaques as defined by low ultrasound grey-scale median (GSM) is associated with a higher risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. Betablockers have shown possible anti-atherosclerotic effects. The aim of the present study was to determine if there is an association between carotid plaque GSM and ...
Verhagen M P MP Department of Cardiology, Medical Centre Alkmaar (MCA), Wilhelminalaan 12, 1815 JD, Alkmaar, the - - 2014
Since several large trials have proven the effectiveness of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in patients with left ventricular dysfunction, disadvantages have become more apparent. As the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular diseases is improving, assessment of ICD patients and re-evaluation of the current guidelines is mandatory. We aimed to evaluate differences ...
Hayashida Kei - - 2014
IntroductionLittle is known about oxyhemoglobin (oxy-Hb) levels in the cerebral tissue during the development of anoxic and ischemic brain injury. We hypothesized that the estimated cerebral oxy-Hb level, a product of Hb and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2), determined at hospital arrival may reflect the level of neuroprotection in patients ...
Thompson Jess L JL 3rd Department of Surgery, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, 85724-5114, - - 2014
We present a case of a patient with calcific mitral valve stenosis and plasmatic hypercoagulability. Using thrombelastography, the patient was determined to have an abnormally large velocity of plasma thrombus growth and strength with reduced vulnerability to lysis. Critically, increased carboxyhemoglobin concentration (2.4 %) was present, likely secondary to hemolysis from ...
Han Sheng S Department of Neurosurgery, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
Object Allergy and immunoglobulin E levels are inversely associated with glioma risk. Previous studies have focused on respiratory and food allergies, and little information is available regarding drug allergies. This study evaluated the rate of positive penicillin skin tests (PenSTs) and blood eosinophil counts in a large population of patients ...
Teramoto Tamio T Teikyo Academic Research - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this analysis was to investigate the relationships between dyslipidemia, achieved blood pressure (BP) values and the lipid levels, as well as the control of four cardiovascular risk factors (BP, low-density lipoprotein: LDL cholesterol, hemoglobin A1c: HbA1c and smoking) and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), in ...
Nelson Winnie W WW Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC, Raritan, NJ, - - 2014
Abstract Background-Warfarin is effective for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but international normalized ratio (INR) levels fluctuate and frequent monitoring is necessary. Methods-This study used data from a large anticoagulation management service database to analyze the relationship between INR stabilization and warfarin utilization for >1 year in ...
Gümüşsoy Ismail I Research Assistant, Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry,Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
Objectives: Orthodontists usually evaluate the mid-palatal sutural opening with occlusal radiography. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the sutural opening with ultrasonography (USG) in a series of patients undergoing RPE. Methods: The study included 87 USG images and 87 occlusal radiographies from 29 healthy patients (mean age, 13.9 ...
C-F Ng Anthony - - 2014
Objective: BYSH, a herbal formula, was evaluated for efficacy and safety in a pilot study for patients with advanced hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). Patients and Methods: The pilot study was designed as a single-center open-label trial. Patients with HRPC were treated with BYSH for 24 weeks. The primary end ...
Escher Felicitas F Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, CBF, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Intramyocardial inflammation is considered an adverse prognostic factor in inflammatory cardiomyopathy (CMi). However, the precise nature of immune system factors relevant for the prediction of long-term course remains elusive. The aim of this study was to analyse the prognostic relevance of perforin in a large cohort of patients with CMi. ...
Martínez-Quintana Efrén E 1Cardiology Service,Insular-Materno Infantil University HospitalLas Palmas de Gran - - 2014
Introduction: CHD patients, especially those with associated hypoxaemia, usually have some level of renal function impairment, even though they are relatively young. The aim of the study was to evaluate those clinical and analytical factors that may contribute to microalbuminuria and determine the association of 24-hour proteinuria with thrombotic events ...
Umemura Takeji T Department of Medicine, Division of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Although hyponatremia is associated with a poor prognosis in liver cirrhosis, little is known about the clinical significance of serum sodium concentration in cirrhosis in Japan. This study investigated associations of mortality in Japanese cirrhosis patients taking conventional diuretics with serum sodium concentration and other clinical characteristics. A total of ...
Beumer Jan H JH Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA, - - 2014
Older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome have often been excluded from myeloablative-conditioning regimens containing busulfan because of non-disease-related morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that busulfan clearance (BuCL) in older patients (>60 years) would be reduced compared to that in younger patients, potentially explaining observed differences in busulfan ...
Talaat Forayssa M FM 1Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Introduction: Epilepsy is a chronic disease that affects metabolism either alone or through the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment. A risk of atherosclerosis has been found in epileptic patients. Aim: Prove the potential role of epilepsy and/or its treatment as atherosclerotic risk factors. Subject and Methods: Forty Egyptian patients with primary ...
Kaneko Hidehiro H Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Cardiovascular Institute, Tokyo, - - 2014
Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is frequently associated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). Ventricular volume overload that occurs in patients with MR may lead to a progression of myocardial dysfunction. However, the prevalence and clinical outcomes of functional MR in Japanese patients with LVSD remain unclear. The aim of the ...
Sonbol M B MB Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Background: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a unique type of lymphoma with a prognosis intermediate between indolent and aggressive types. The purpose of this study was to study blood cytokine levels in newly diagnosed and relapsed MCL patients with respect to patterns of abnormalities and relationship to the MCL International ...
Cornelissen Liesbeth L Radiology, Department of Imaging & Pathology, University Hospitals Leuven, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the incidence of bowel wall oedema on computed tomography (CT) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with sunitinib, and to investigate its association with diarrhoea. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all RCC patients treated with sunitinib at our ...
Zhang Xin X Xin Zhang, Shu-Zhen Wang, Jun-Fu Zheng, Wen-Min Zhao, Peng Li, Chun-Lei Fan, Bing Li, Pei-Ling Dong, Lei Li, Hui-Guo Ding, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beijing You'an Hospital, Affiliated with Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tolvaptan to treat refractory ascites in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients with or without further complications, such as hepatorenal syndrome and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. Thirty-nine patients (mean age 55 years, males: 32) with decompensated liver cirrhosis and refractory ascites were enrolled. All patients received a ...
Dong Rui R Rui Dong, Zhi-Yong Guo, Jia-Rong Ding, Yang-Yang Zhou, Hao Wu, Department of Nephrology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, - - 2014
To compare the prevalence and diversity of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD). Two hundred and ninety-four end-stage renal disease patients participated in the study, including 182 HD and 112 PD patients. Dimension scores were calculated from a modified gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS) ...
Sato K K From the Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science (K.S., K.I., K.O., S.M.), Departments of Radiology (S.H.Y.), Neurology (S.H.Y.), and Ophthalmology (S.H.Y.), and Center for Imaging Science (M.I.M.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Radiology (K.S.), Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiology (K.I.), University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan; and F.M. Kirby Research Center for Functional Brain Imaging (S.M.), Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland. - - 2014
Site-specific degeneration patterns of the infratentorial brain in relation to phylogenetic origins may relate to symptoms in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration, but the patterns are still unclear. We investigated macro- and microstructural changes of the infratentorial brain based on phylogenetic origins and their correlation with symptoms in patients with spinocerebellar ...
Gallego Lorena L Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Cabueñes Hospital, Gijón, - - 2014
Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a clinically significant complication of bisphosphonate (BP) medications. Otherwise, the effects of BPs on oral soft tissue or cells remain unknown. The main objective of the present study was to determine whether the presence of sinus mucosal thickening was significantly related to BP-related osteonecrosis of ...
Enders Philip P Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
To analyze long-term changes of systemic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in patients treated with ranibizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Sixty-one patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration and 68 age-matched controls were included in the study. Patients were treated with ranibizumab on a pro re nata regimen. Plasma ...
Konarzewski Marcin M Department of Cardiology, Wincent a Paulo Hospital in Gdynia, Gdansk, - - 2014
Background: A high level of circulating PCSK9 binds to the LDL receptor, reduces its cell's surface density and leads to hypercholesterolemia. The aim of this study was to examine the circulating PCSK9 level in patients with kidney disease. Methods: Out of the patients treated in our Departments we selected: (a) ...
Held Matthias - - 2014
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a long-term complication following an acute pulmonary embolism (PE). It is frequently diagnosed at advanced stages which is concerning as delayed treatment has important implications for favourable clinical outcome. Performing a follow-up examination of patients diagnosed with acute PE regardless of persisting symptoms and ...
Zeng Yue Y Department of Gastroenterology (YZ, YL, CH, XW), Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; Department of Gastroenterology (WZ), Shanghai Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a well-recognized cause of acute pancreatitis (AP). However, the role of HTG in modulating disease course remains to be cleared. We aimed to explore the impact of HTG on the outcome of acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). A total of 90 ABP patients with HTG were enrolled in ...
De Silva Shamila T ST aUniversity Medical Unit, Colombo North Teaching Hospital Departments of bMedicine cPublic Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Ragama, Sri - - 2014
Diagnostic criteria of hepatorenal syndrome type 2 (HRS2) fail to detect milder degrees of chronic renal dysfunction (CRD) in cirrhosis and exclude patients with pre-existing kidney disease. Definitions addressing this have been proposed by Working Party of the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative and International Ascites Club (ADQI-IAC). We studied the ...
Xu Bei B Department of Infectious Diseases, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, - - 2014
Anti-viral therapy is important in advanced liver fibrosis/cirrhosis with chronic hepatitis B (AdLF-CHB) patients, but complete regression of cirrhosis remains to be challenge. We aimed to investigate whether up to 10 years lamivudine treatment achieves liver fibrosis/cirrhosis regression in AdLF-CHB patients. It is evaluated improvement of hepatic fibrosis/cirrhosis, virological response ...
Messenger Wyatt W Department of Ophthalmology, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
To characterise uveitis in association with multiple sclerosis (MS). We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with uveitis and MS at two uveitis centres (Portland, Oregon, USA and Heidelberg, Germany). Baseline characteristics and ophthalmic data were collected at the patient's first and last visits. Additionally, neurological records were obtained ...
Sakata Kenneth K KK Mayo Clinic, Department of Internal Medicine, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: The serum procalcitonin assay has emerged as a promising biomarker to distinguish between bacterial and viral respiratory tract infections but has not been used to differentiate coccidioidomycosis from bacterial infection. A correlation between procalcitonin serum levels and coccidioidomycosis has never been reported. Objective: To determine any association between serum ...
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