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Ogura Takeshi T Department of Cerebrovascular Surgery, International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, 1397-1 Yamane, Hidaka, Saitama, 350-1298, - - 2015
This study evaluated the effect of diltiazem, a calcium antagonist, on sympathetic activity in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) during the hyperacute stage. Of patients with aneurysmal SAH who underwent aneurysm repair between August 2008 and June 2011, 119 consecutive patients were enrolled in this prospective study. On admission, ...
Danura Hiroki H Department of Neurosurgery, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau, - - 2015
More than half of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients develop angiographically detectable delayed cerebral vasospasm (dCVS). It mostly occurs between days 4 and 15 after ictus and can be associated with neurological deficits that contribute to increased morbidity and mortality after SAH. Although dCVS is well studied, there are only a ...
Tanaka Yuichi Y Department of Neurosurgery, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama-Ken, Japan, - - 2015
Early diagnosis of vasospasm is a key factor in the choice of treatment after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, a noninvasive method of diagnosing delayed ischemic neurological deficit (DIND) has not been established. We therefore propose a new method of diagnosing cerebral ischemia using near-infrared optical topography (OT) with oxygen inhalation. ...
Iwabuchi Satoshi S Department of Neurosurgery, Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, 2-17-6 Ohashi, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 153-8515, Japan, - - 2015
We evaluated patients treated with prophylactic intra-arterial administration of fasudil hydrochloride (IAF) after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Between August 1998 and December 2012, 92 patients with aneurysmal SAH were treated with IAF for angiographic vasospasm without ischemic symptoms after their follow-up angiography. Patients comprised 50 women and 42 men, aged 24-83 ...
da Costa Leodante L Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room A1-37, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada, - - 2015
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) alters cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to carbon dioxide (CO2), which may be related to an increased risk of delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DINDs). We report the results of bedside CVR testing in the acute phase of SAH in good clinical grade patients without established vasospasm or signs of ...
Toyoda Tomikatsu T Department of Neurosurgery, JCHO Tokyo Shinjuku Medical Center, 5-1 Tsukudocho Shinjuku, Tokyo, 162-8543, Japan, - - 2015
Rapid clot removal and clearance has been proposed as an effective tool for preventing cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We examined the relationship between clot-clearance rate and the severity of cerebral vasospasm in 110 consecutive patients with aneurysmal SAH. We measured clot-clearance rates per day in the basal and ...
Qi Xingshun X aXijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases bState Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, - - 2015
Until now, no data on the routine screening for thrombotic risk factors in Chinese nonmalignant and noncirrhotic patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) have been reported. A total of 141 nonmalignant and noncirrhotic patients with PVT who underwent screening tests for thrombotic risk factors between September 2009 and August 2012 ...
Hayashi Hiromitsu H Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, - - 2015
In this study we examined whether conventional future remnant liver volume (FR volume) or function (FR function) better predicted the operative outcome after major hepatectomy. Of 510 patients who underwent hepatectomy for various indications, 133 patients with major hepatectomy were enrolled in this study. FR volume and the corresponding FR ...
Kacperska Magdalena Justyna MJ Department of Neurology and Stroke, Medical University of Lodz, Zeromskiego 113, 90-549, Lodz, Poland, - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Four distinct disease courses are known, although approximately 90 % of patients are diagnosed with the relapsing-remitting form (RRMS). The name "multiple sclerosis" pertains to the underlying pathology: the presence of demyelinating plaques in the CNS, in ...
Datema Frank R FR Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Center for Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Diakonessen Hospital, Utrecht/Zeist, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Overprojection of the nasal tip is a common problem in aesthetic Caucasian and Mediterranean rhinoplasty patients. In these patients, shortening of the conjoined medial crura frequently plays an important part in deprojection of the nasal tip. The combination of vertical incision maneuvers of the medial crura and tongue-in-groove (TIG) allows ...
Hrynkiewicz-Szymanska Anna A Department of Cardiology, Hypertension and Internal Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Kondratowicza 8 Street, 03-242, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Assessment of thromboembolic risk is crucial for proper management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Currently used risk score base only on scarce clinical data and do not take into consideration parameters including echocardiographic findings. The aim of this study was to evaluate if left atrium (LA) enlargement is associated with ...
Riffel Johannes H JH Department of Cardiology - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To assess left ventricular long axis shortening (LAS) in patients with AL amyloidosis as a potential predictor for outcome. Methods and results: We performed a de novo echocardiographic analysis of LAS in 120 patients with biopsy-proven AL amyloidosis evaluated at first presentation before specific treatment. Additionally, 47 control ...
Tamura Satoru S Department of Orthopaedic Medical Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, - - 2014
In most patients with hip disorders, the anterior pelvic plane (APP) sagittal tilt does not change from supine to standing position. However, in some patients, APP sagittal tilt changes more than 10° posteriorly from supine to standing position. The purpose of this study was to both examine APP sagittal tilt ...
Limsrivilai Julajak - - 2014
BackgroundIntestinal capillariasis is one of the common causes of malabsorption in the East. Reports emphasizing the roles of clinical, endoscopic and radiologic findings of intestinal capillariasis are limited.MethodsRetrospective review of medical records of 26 patients diagnosed with intestinal capillariasis at Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand between 2001- 2013.ResultsClinical manifestations were chronic ...
Shacham Yacov Y Department of Cardiology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, 6 Weizman Street, 64239, Tel Aviv, Israel, - - 2014
Elevated periprocedural high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was shown to be associated with an increased risk for acute kidney injury (AKI) in non-myocardial infarction (MI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), however, no information to date is present regarding its predicting role for AKI in MI patients. We evaluated whether ...
Celakovská J J Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech - - 2014
A few reports demonstrate the relationship between IgE sensitization to aeroallergens in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients and other allergic diseases and parameters. The objective of this study was to evaluate, if there is a significant relationship between the sensitization to common aeroallergens in AD patients and the occurrence of asthma ...
Liu Jun J 1 Department of Orthopedics, Tianjin Hospital , Tianjin, China - - 2014
Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a genetically determined disease. Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3), tumor necrosis factor family member-associated NF-κB activator binding kinase 1 binding protein (TBKBP1), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1 beta (PPARGC1B) have recently been found to be associated with susceptibility to AS in patients of Western ...
Dzhoyashvili Nina A - - 2014
BackgroundMultipotent mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) including adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSC) have been successfully applied for cardiovascular diseases treatment. Their regenerative potential is considered due to the multipotency, paracrine activity and immunologic privilege. However, therapeutic efficacy of autologous MSC for myocardial ischemia therapy is modest. We analyzed if ADSC properties are ...
Nishi Hiroyuki H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of - - 2014
Background:The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of a non-invasive method, transient elastography (FibroScan), in measuring liver stiffness (LS), and whether LS can be used as a marker of cardiac - and hence perioperative - status.Methods and Results:Perioperative LS was prospectively measured using a FibroScan in 30 patients ...
Kodani Eitaro E Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Nippon Medical School Tama-Nagayama - - 2014
Background:Warfarin is widely used for prevention of thromboembolism in patients with valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), and an international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time between 2.0 and 3.0 is recommended. Optimal intensity of anticoagulation with warfarin in Japanese patients with valvular AF, however, has not been clarified thoroughly as yet.Methods and Results:We ...
Alosco Michael L ML Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) increases risk for cognitive impairment in part due to the negative effects of cardiac dysfunction on cerebral perfusion. Atrial fibrillation (AF), an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment, often accompanies HF and is associated with lower systemic perfusion. However, no study has examined the associations among AF, ...
Kovacs Richard J RJ Krannert Institute of Cardiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA, - - 2014
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling plays an important role in the fetal development of cardiovascular organs and in the repair mechanisms of the heart. Hence, inhibitors of the TGF-β signaling pathway require a careful identification of a safe therapeutic window and a comprehensive monitoring of the cardiovascular system. Seventy-nine cancer ...
van Geel Björn M BM Department of Neurology, Medical Center Alkmaar, Alkmaar, The - - 2014
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a peroxisomal metabolic disorder. Male patients develop adrenocortical insufficiency (80 % before 18 years), a chronic myelopathy (adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN); all in adulthood), or progressive cerebral demyelination (cerebral ALD; 40 % before 18 years). Cerebral ALD is treated with haematopoetic cell transplantation (HCT). It is unknown if AMN still develops in ...
Wang I-Kuan IK Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Divisions of Nephrology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
It remains unclear whether long-term daily icodextrin use can decrease technique failure and improve survival in PD patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether icodextrin use, once daily, can decrease technique failure and prolong patient survival in incident PD patients. Incident PD patients who survived more ...
Atan Doğan D Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may affect voice performance due to alterations that occur in the upper respiratory tract. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of OSAS and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on voice performance. Twenty-seven patients with moderate to severe OSAS (apnea-hypopnea index ...
Seckeler Michael D MD Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA, - - 2014
Patients with single ventricle anatomy undergo staged surgical palliation which results in pulmonary and systemic circulations in series with a single systemic pump. Single right ventricular morphology has been found to be an independent risk factor for worse survival. We sought to compare patients with single left (SLV) and single ...
Ugarte Ana A Small Molecule Discovery Platform, Molecular Therapeutics Program. Center for Applied Medical Research CIMA, University of Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
Levels or the cyclic nucleotides cGMP or cAMP that play important roles in memory processes are not characterized in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to analyze the levels of these nucleotides in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients diagnosed with clinical and prodromal stages of AD ...
Fledelius Hans C HC Eye Departments, Rigshospitalet and Glostrup, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) was offered from year 2001 to patients with Fabry disease. The ophthalmic experience was analysed, as part of a general 10-year status. A retrospective observational series comprising 39 patients (25 females, 14 males) closely followed by the endocrinologists, and with regular ophthalmic control. Time of inclusion ...
Elabdeen H R Z HR Department of Clinical Dentistry, Periodontics, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
Aggressive periodontitis (AgP) is prevalent and shows a rapid course in African individuals. Although a strong focus has been placed on Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, new methods support the existence of a complex subgingival microflora in AgP. The purpose of the present study was to map the subgingival microbiota as well as explore ...
Barcellona Doris D Department of Medical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), anticoagulated with vitamin K antagonists (VKA), and monitored in our Thrombosis Centre, who could replace VKA with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) based on the Italian Federation of Thrombosis Centres (FCSA) consensus criteria. A ...
Clough Anthony D AD Eastern Health, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Gastric banding surgery can fail if the patient develops frequent vomiting, intolerance of common food types or reflux. These patients can be divided into those with a well-defined anatomical problem such as slippage and those without. Intermittent gastric prolapse (IGP) is a possible explanation for some patients who do not ...
Ishijima Moeko M Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Zip code 160-0023, 6-7-1 Nishi-shinjyuku,Shinjyuku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Objectives: To evaluate the risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP) after stereotactic radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients presenting with severe pulmonary emphysema. Methods: This study included 40 patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent SBRT, 75 Gy given in 30 fractions, at Tokyo Medical University between February 2010 ...
Barloese Mads M Danish Headache Center, Dept. of Neurology, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Cluster headache (CH) is a debilitating disorder characterized by unilateral, severe pain attacks with accompanying autonomic symptoms, often waking the patient from sleep. As it exhibits strong chronobiological traits and genetic studies have suggested a link with the hypocretin (HCRT) system, the objective of this study was to investigate HCRT-1 ...
Luitse Merel J A MJ From the Department of Neurology, UMC Utrecht Stroke Center, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus (M.J.A.L., M.D., G.J.B., L.J.K.) and Department of Radiology (B.K.V., J.W.D.), University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Residual stenosis after recanalization of an acute symptomatic extracranial occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) might be an indication for carotid endarterectomy. We evaluated the proportion of residual high-grade stenosis (≥70%, near occlusions not included) on follow-up imaging in a consecutive series of patients with an acute symptomatic occlusion ...
Han Fang F Intensive Care Unit, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, - - 2014
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common devastating syndrome in intensive care unit in critically ill patients. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has been shown beneficial effects on oxygenation and survival in patients with ARDS. However, it is still controversial about the timing of initiation of CRRT. Fifty-three ...
Bidot Samuel S Departments of Ophthalmology (SB, BBB, NJN, VB) and Neurology (BBB, NJN, VB), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; Department of Epidemiology (BBB), Rollins School of Public Health and Laney Graduate School, Atlanta, Georgia; and Departments of Radiology and Imaging Science (AMS) and Neurological Surgery (NJN), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
Very asymmetric papilledema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is rare, and few studies have dealt with this atypical presentation of IIH. Our aim was to describe the clinical and radiologic features of patients with IIH and very asymmetric papilledema. We identified all adult patients from our IIH database with very ...
Vancampfort Davy D *Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Belgium; †KU Leuven Department of Neurosciences, UPC KU Leuven (Campus Kortenberg), Belgium; ‡School of Health and Social Care, University of Greenwich, London, UK; §School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; ∥Schizophrenia Research Unit, South Western Sydney Local Health District, Liverpool, Australia; ¶Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia; and **School of Public Health, University of Sydney, - - 2014
The primary aim was to determine whether the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) limits aerobic fitness in patients with schizophrenia. A secondary aim was to investigate the associations between aerobic fitness and MetS parameters. Aerobic fitness (expressed as predicted maximal oxygen uptake) was assessed using the Astrand-Rhyming test. Those with ...
Malleo Giuseppe G *Unit of Surgery B and †Unit of Pathology, The Pancreas Institute, Departments of Surgery and Pathology, University of Verona Hospital Trust, Verona, - - 2014
Previous studies showed that progression to malignancy of pancreatic branch-duct (BD) intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is infrequent and that extrapancreatic malignancies (EPMs) occur with unusual frequency in IPMN patients. This observational analysis assessed the incidence of pancreatic and extrapancreatic malignancies in BD-IPMN patients. Patients observed from 2000 to 2012 ...
Cervellin Gianfranco G Academic Hospital of Parma, - - 2014
Background: D-dimer values are frequently increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to subjects in sinus rhythm. Hypokalemia plays a role in several cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about the association with AF. Objective: D-dimer values are frequently increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) compared with subjects ...
Gradwohl-Matis Ilse I *Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and General Intensive Care Medicine; † Nephrology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine I; University Hospital Salzburg and Paracelsus Private Medical University, 5020 Salzburg, - - 2014
Hemodialysis is considered the renal replacement technique of choice to control life-threatening hypercalcemia. In this case series, the experience with continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) with regional citrate anticoagulation to control five hypercalcemic crises in four patients is summarized. Overall maximum ionized and total calcium levels were ranged from 1.72-2.01 mmol/L ...
Bargehr Johannes J Department of Transplantation, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, US; Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and it is associated with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality. Our aim is to determine the impact of preexisting AF in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. Records from patients who underwent ...
Bae Kyung Min KM Departments of Internal Medicine and Pathology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, South Korea; Division of Natural Medical Sciences, College of Health Science, Chosun University, Gwangju, South - - 2014
Although chronic granulomatous inflammation (CGI) with concomitant caseous necrosis (CN) is a characteristic histological feature of tuberculosis (TB), few studies have investigated its frequency or various pathologic findings. The medical records of 227 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -negative, culture-positive TB patients who underwent biopsy were studied. After the frequency of ...
Koh Ezra Y EY Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands - - 2014
To determine whether the location of aortic valve calcium (AVC) influences the location of paravalvular regurgitation (PR). PR is an adverse effect of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a negative effect on long-term patient survival. The relationship between AVC and the occurrence of PR has been documented. However, the ...
Proietti Riccardo R McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Cardiology Department, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Milan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of purely substrate-guided ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) and ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and the impact of acute procedural success on long-term outcome. One hundred and forty-two patients (65 ± 12 years old, 72% male) ...
Abdolrahimzadeh Solmaz S Ophthalmology Unit, DAI Testa/Collo, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, University of Rome "Sapienza", Rome, - - 2014
A normal structural and functional choroid is essential in supplying blood flow to the retina. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a neurocristopathy where the choroid is altered due to the presence of nodules. The present transversal study was conducted to examine choroidal nodules and their effect on choroidal and retinal ...
Oliveira Pablo S PS Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Dental Research Division, Guarulhos University, Guarulhos, - - 2014
Osteocytes have emerged as key regulators of skeletal and mineral homeostasis. The number of these cells could be influenced by the presence of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Hence, the aim this study was to evaluate the osteocyte density in patients with osteopenia, and in patients with osteoporosis treated with bisphosphonates. Thirty-nine ...
Vujnic Milorad M Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, - - 2014
The aim was to investigate the frequency and features of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Method: We studied 66 DM1 patients (50% men, aged 41.9 ± 10.5 years with disease duration of 19.3 ± 8.6 years). New worldwide consensus criteria for MetS from 2009 were used. ...
Leal G N GN Radiology Unit, Instituto da Criança, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The objective of this article is to evaluate right ventricle strain imaging by two-dimensional speckle-tracking (2DST) in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (c-SLE). Thirty-five c-SLE patients with no signs or symptoms of heart failure and 33 healthy volunteers were evaluated by standard echocardiogram and 2DST. Conventional parameters included tricuspid annular plane ...
Opić Petra P Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Investigating long-term psychosocial and emotional outcomes, 30-43 years after cardiothoracic surgery during childhood. Adult patients (N = 252, aged 33-55 years) all operated between 1968 and 1980 for atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, tetralogy of Fallot or transposition of the great arteries (TGA, all Mustard) were evaluated in the Erasmus MC. ...
Cakır Tuncay T Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between sympathetic skin responses (SSR), electrodiagnostic reflex activities (F wave, H reflex), and functional capacity in post-stroke patients. The study comprised 40 hemiplegia patients (mean age 57.8 ± 10.9 years) and 40 healthy volunteers (mean age 557 ± 85 years). In electrophysiological studies, SSR, F wave ...
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