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Results 401 - 450 of 1567
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Keçebaş Mesut - - 2014
Inflammation and dystrophic calcification have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic heart failure (CHF). The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential usefulness of fetuin-A as a biomarker in CHF. Serum fetuin-A was measured in 66 CHF patients with left ventricular function < 50% and ...
Fedacko Jan - - 2014
Recent evidence shows that pro-inflammatory cytokines may be important in the assessment of severity and prognosis in congestive heart failure (CHF). In the present study, we examine the association of cytokines with causes, grade and prognosis of CHF patients. Of 127 patients with CHF, 11 were excluded and the remaining ...
Brill Anne-Kathrin AK Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University Hospital (Inselspital) and University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) is a well-established treatment of central sleep apnea (CSA) related to congestive heart failure (CHF). Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness and adherence in patients with CSA of other etiologies, and even less is known about treatment of CSA in patients of post ischemic stroke. A single-centre ...
Alam Muhammad M MM Department of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
A cross-sectional study. To describe the characteristics of lumbar vertebrae of Pakistani patients reporting at a tertiary care hospital and compare with studies from other populations. Several studies have been conducted to determine morphometry of lumbar vertebrae. Most of the studies involve Caucasian populations, still data on other populations still ...
Rodriquez D C DC Section of Hematology‑Oncology Department of Pediatrics University of Siena, Siena, Italy - - - 2014
The progress made in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease (HD) has resulted in long-term survival rates >90%, therefore late sequelae of treatment, especially endocrine diseases, have become more important. Hypothyroidism is the most frequent thyroid disease but hyperthyroidism, thyroid nodules and cancer are also frequent. Thyroid cancer begins to appear ...
Hwang H S HS Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
An association has been suggested between Marfan syndrome (MFS) and the nodular bronchiectatic form of lung disease caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). We evaluated the prevalence of bronchiectasis in 79 adult patients with MFS using computed tomography (CT) imaging. Airway dilation indicative of bronchiectasis (22/79, 28%) and bronchioloectasis (10/79, 13%) ...
Mazuquin Bruno Fles BF Laboratory of Biomechanics and Clinical Epidemiology, PAIFIT Research Group, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was described the kinematic characteristics of gait in stroke patients with two different arteries involved. [Subjects and Methods] Two patients who had suffered a basilar (A) or middle (B) cerebral artery ischemic stroke were compared with a control (C). Seventeen inertial sensors were ...
Teixeira Laila M LM Endocrinology Service, Clinical Hospital, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in adults with autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) from the endocrinology outpatient setting in a university hospital in Southern Brazil. From the years 2007 to 2011, 254 patients with ATD were enrolled consecutively, Grave's disease was diagnosed ...
Hu Rei-Ting RT 1 Liver Unit, 2 Department of Surgery, 3 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ; 4 Hepatitis Research Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ; 5 Medical Faculty, Fujen Catholic University, Taipei, - - 2014
Most Taiwanese patients with hyper-bilirubinemia have genetic abnormalities in the uridine diphosphoglucuronate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene beyond the variants in the TATA box upstream of UGT1A1 associated with Gilbert's syndrome. To investigate the role of UGT1A1 in the pathogenesis of indirect hyper-bilirubinemia, we prospectively studied 97 consecutive patients with indirect hyper-bilirubinemia ...
Kurt Raziye Keskin - - 2014
The aim of our study is to determine the newly introduced systemic inflammation marker, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) patients and to investigate the association between severity of the disease and NLR. The study population consisted of 55 pregnant patients with HG and 50 pregnant women without ...
Ugurcu V V Department of Medical Biochemistry, Medical School, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey. - - 2014
Chronic renal failure is among significant public health problems all over the world. Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment approaches, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is still high in chronic renal failure patients on dialysis. The aim this study is to investigate the importance of arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and nitric ...
Roy Satyajeet S Department of Medicine, Cooper University Hospital, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, New Jersey, - - 2014
Fatigue is a common presenting complaint of patients in the primary care offices. Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with fatigue in cancer patients. Normalization of vitamin D level improves their fatigue. Whether low vitamin D plays a role in fatigue in medically stable patients is not known. ...
Coutinho Gonçalo F GF Center of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital and Medical School, Coimbra, - - 2014
The timing for mitral valve surgery in asymptomatic patients with severe mitral regurgitation and preserved left ventricular function remains controversial. We analyzed the immediate and long-term outcomes of these patients after surgery. From January 1992 to December 2012, 382 consecutive patients with severe chronic degenerative mitral regurgitation, with no or ...
Heist E Kevin EK Cardiac Arrhythmia Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
Detect Fluid Early from Intrathoracic Impedance Monitoring (DEFEAT-PE) is a prospective, multicenter study of multiple intrathoracic impedance vectors to detect pulmonary congestion (PC) events. Changes in intrathoracic impedance between the right ventricular (RV) coil and device can (RVcoil→Can) of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy ICDs (CRT-Ds) are used ...
Sun Byung Joo BJ Division of Cardiology, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, - - 2014
Although statins reduce cardiac events in hypertensive patients with cardiovascular risk factors, the effect of statins on coronary flow reserve (CFR) has not been examined. We tried to examine the effect of rosuvastatin on CFR in hypertensive patients at cardiovascular risk. CFR was studied in 56 hypertensive patients (40 men, ...
Fatemi Omid O Washington Hospital Center, Washington, District of Columbia; Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia; Washington DC Veteran's Medical Center, Washington, District of - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and is associated with markers of poor glycemic control; however, the impact of glycemic control on incident AF and outcomes is unknown. The aims of this study were to prospectively evaluate if intensive glycemic control in patients ...
Olde Nordkamp Louise R A LR Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Unaffected long-QT syndrome family members (FMs) frequently experience syncope. The aims of this study were to test the hypothesis that syncope events in FMs are benign events and to compare clinical characteristics, triggers eliciting the syncope events, and long-term outcomes between FMs and those with LQT1 or LQT2 mutations from ...
Xu Yi Y Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, Beijing 100050, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to analyze the craniofacial morphology in patients with unrepaired isolated cleft palate (UICP) at childhood, adolescence and adulthood, in order to assess the influence of nonsurgical factors on the craniofacial growth in these patients. Lateral and posteroanterior cephalograms of 106 non-syndromic UICP patients and ...
Al-Abed Yahya A YA Department of General Surgery, North Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust, Sterling Way, London N18 1QX, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
An adequate medical history combined with clinical examination is usually enough to make the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. The aim of this study was to determine the value of elevated white cell count (WCC), C-reactive protein (CRP), and bilirubin as diagnostic markers of acute appendicitis. A retrospective analysis was carried ...
Hammers Christoph M CM 0000000156312415 Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a prototypic tissue-specific autoantibody-mediated disease, in which anti-desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) IgG autoantibodies cause life-threatening blistering. We characterized the autoimmune B-cell response over 14 patient years in two patients with active and relapsing disease, then in one of these patients after long-term remission induced by multiple courses ...
Higashi Fuyuhiko F Higashi Clinic, 589-1 Higashi-Honjou, Minabe-Cho, Hidaka-Gun, Wakayama Prefecture 645-0021, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Influenza virus infection-induced inflammatory responses are associated with fever and other symptoms. Although macrolide antibiotics (macrolides) provide anti-inflammatory effects, these effects have not been well studied in influenza patients. We examined the effects of clarithromycin on influenza symptoms. A randomized, prospective, and open-label study was performed between December 2010 and ...
Heide A C AC Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Medical Center, Göttingen, - - 2014
Transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) is a new non-invasive technique to modulate spinal cord activity. The pathophysiological concept of primary RLS proposes increased spinal excitability. This pilot study used tsDCS to reduce pathologically enhanced spinal excitability in RLS patients and to thereby ameliorate clinical symptoms. 20 patients with idiopathic ...
Usnarska-Zubkiewicz Lidia L Clinic of Hematology, Blood Neoplasms and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Wroclaw Medical University, - - 2014
AL amyloidosis is an acquired systemic disease in which a pathologic amorphous substance produced as a result of abnormal protein metabolism is deposited in the extracellular space of various tissues. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the kappa and lambda serum free light chains (sFLCs) and the ...
Debnath C R CR Dr Chitta Ranjan Debnath, Associate Professor and Head, Department of Hepatology, Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, - - 2014
Cirrhosis is characterized by diffuse hepatic fibrosis and nodule formation which can occur at any age with significant morbidity and is an important cause of premature death. Occlusive portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is common complication of chronic liver disease with prevalence ranging from 1% to 16% of population. The occurrence ...
Romel S M SM Dr Syed Mohammad Ali Romel, Assistant Registrar, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD), Dhaka, - - 2014
The study was undertaken to find out the correlation of elevated B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) levels with the severity of coronary artery disease in patients with unstable angina and NSTEMI. This cross sectional analytical study was carried out in the department of cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka during ...
Alba Marco A MA Vasculitis Research Unit (MAA, AG-M, SP-G, IT-B, MC-B, EP-R, GE-F, MB, JH-R, MCC), Department of Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, - - 2014
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a relapsing disease. However, the nature, chronology, therapeutic impact, and clinical consequences of relapses have been scarcely addressed. We conducted the present study to investigate the prevalence, timing, and characteristics of relapses in patients with GCA and to analyze whether a relapsing course is associated ...
Blanco Isabel I Divisions of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (IB, SCM, DB, TMK, HC, TH, NC, ALZ, RD, REG, PMH), General Internal Medicine (MS, FMW), Rheumatology (LKH), and Cardiology (RJT, DAK), Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS) (IB), Barcelona, Spain; and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES) (IB), - - 2014
African Americans (AA) with systemic sclerosis (SSc) have a worse prognosis compared to Americans of European descent (EA). We conducted the current study to test the hypothesis that AA patients with SSc have more severe disease and poorer outcomes compared to EA patients when afflicted with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).We ...
Mazumder M W MW Dr Md Wahiduzzaman Mazumder, Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Shahbagh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Wilson's disease (WD) is one of the most common metabolic liver diseases encountered in children. Early diagnosis of the disease is essential because specific treatment can be offered, that will prevent further hepatocellular injury and neurologic complications. There is no single diagnostic test that can exclude or confirm the disease ...
Süha C C Department of Cardiology, 29 Mayis Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In the current prospective study, we addressed the impact of RA on left atrial (LA) function and electrical remodelling. Further, we tried to demonstrate the effects of infliximab, an anti-TNF-alpha agent, on echocardiographical LA abnormality in RA patients with ...
Johns Christina B CB Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), also known as Samter's triad, is characterized by asthma, recurrent nasal polyps, and by allergic-like reactions to aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, although it is not a true immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergy. Atopy, although common in patients with AERD, is not a characteristic of the ...
Baser Husniye H Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Ataturk Education and Research Hospital. Ankara. - - 2014
It was aimed to calculate QT intervals in patients with acromegaly and to reveal its correlation between QT intervals, and growth hormone and insulin like growth factor-1. Forty-one patients with acromegaly were enrolled into the study. Another 41 individuals with similar features, such as comorbid diseases, age and sex constituted ...
Oliveira Marina Gribel MG School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
To describe the prevalence of anemia and of its types in hospitalized patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. This was a descriptive, longitudinal study involving pulmonary tuberculosis inpatients at one of two tuberculosis referral hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We evaluated body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold thickness ...
Verma Ajay A Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Our study aims to find various enzymatic and biochemical components of bile and their clinical or prognostic correlation with regard to progression and severity of hepatobiliary diseases. It was a cross-sectional study where all the patients suffering from choledochal cyst (CDC), extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO), and infantile obstructive cholangiopathy ...
Gafoor V Abdul VA Department of Neurology, Medical College Calicut, Calicut, Kerala, - - 2014
The usefulness of electroencephalography (EEG) in predicting seizure recurrence after antiepileptic drugs (AED) tapering is a controversial subject. There have been no studies which tested the additional yield of long-term over routine EEG recordings in predicting seizure recurrence after AED withdrawal. The primary objective of our study is to determine ...
Sharma Vikas V Department of Neurology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, - - 2014
MAJOR CATEGORIES OF ENDOCRINE MYOPATHY INCLUDE THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH: Adrenal dysfunction (as in Cushing's disease or steroid myopathy); thyroid dysfunction (as in myxedema coma or thyrotoxic myopathy); vitamin D deficiency; parathyroid dysfunction; and pituitary dysfunction. Steroid myopathy is the most common endocrine myopathy. To study the etiology, varied presentations, and ...
Butkiewicz Filip - - 2014
INTRODUCTION Antiphosphatidylethanolamine antibodies (aPE) and antiphosphatidylserine antibodies (aPS) belong to a group of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) that occur in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to examine the relationship among the elevated serum concentration of aPE/aPS, the clinical manifestations ...
Park Hye Sun HS Hye Sun Park, Dong Soo Han, Youngouk Ro, Chang Soo Eun, and Kyo-Sang - - 2014
Although normal endoscopic findings are, as a rule, part of the diagnosis of microscopic colitis, several cases of macroscopic lesions (MLs) have been reported in collagenous colitis, but hardly in lymphocytic colitis (LC). The aim of this study was to investigate the endoscopic, clinical, and histopathologic features of LC with ...
Iwasaki Susumu S Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Diffuse or segmental irregular narrowing of the main pancreatic duct (MPD), as observed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is a characteristic feature of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). ERCP findings were retrospectively examined in 40 patients with AIP in whom irregular narrowing of the MPD was detected near the orifice. The MPD ...
Sabir Husain H Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ponticulus posticus (PP) in patients with migraine. The presence and types of PP were investigated in 100 patients with migraine and 100 healthy controls on digital lateral cephalograms and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. PP was found in ...
Quitschal Rafaela Maia RM Post-Graduation Program, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with vestibular hypofunction, a typical finding in peripheral vestibular disorders, show body balance alterations. To evaluate the postural control of patients with vertigo and unilateral vestibular hypofunction. This is a clinical cross-sectional study. Twenty-five patients with vertigo and unilateral vestibular hypofunction and a homogeneous control group consisting of 32 ...
de Carvalho E Silva Fernanda F Rheumatology Unit, Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
To study hand strength and function in type 2 DM patients. We collected data on hand strength and function, disease duration, glycemic, creatinine and HbA1C levels, degree of pain and stiffness and physical examination in 100 DM patients comparing than with 100 hand osteoarthritis patients and 100 controls. DM patients ...
Mrgan Monija - - 2014
Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is a lifelong, benign autosomal dominant disease characterized by hypercalcemia, normal to increased parathyroid hormone level, and a relatively low renal calcium excretion. Inactivation of the calcium-sensing receptor in heterozygous patients results in FHH, while in homozygous patients as well as in compound heterozygous or dominant ...
Lawiński Michał - - 2014
Abstract If planned improperly, parenteral nutrition may result in a number of severe metabolic complications caused by insufficient or excessive delivery of individual nutrients. One of the most common and the most dangerous complication is parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). Such a complication may also result from using RTU (ready-to-use) ...
Iskit Serdar H SH Department of Pediatric Surgery, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, - - 2014
Gastro-oesophageal reflux may accompany the corrosive oesophageal damage caused by the ingestion of corrosive substances and affect its treatment. The factors that affect the development of reflux in these cases and their effects on treatment still remain unclear. Our aim is to investigate the prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux in children ...
Williams Willis T WT Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is an effective surgical option for stroke prophylaxis for most patients. Restenosis after CEA can lead to additional interventions and adverse outcomes, but the factors that predict restenosis are poorly understood. This study examined which risk factors, such as metabolic syndrome (MetS), are associated with restenosis after ...
Farahmand Seyed Kazem SK Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
It has previously been reported that increased level of serum heat shock proteins (Hsps) antibody in patients with metabolic syndrome. It is possible that the expression of Hsp and inflammatory markers can be affected by cupping and traditional Chinese medicine. There is a little data investigating the effects of cupping ...
Haghjooy-Javanmard Shaghayegh S Associate Professor, Physiology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis is accepted as an inflammatory disease. Evidence suggests that inflammation evoked by injury plays a pathogenic role in all stages of atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate whether the high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) a proinflammatory cytokine/nuclear protein, which is derived from both injured endothelium and activated macrophages/monocytes, could contribute ...
Mousavi Malahat M Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umeå University, Stockholm, Sweden ; Institute of Environmental Medicine, Stockholm, - - 2014
This study compared serum metabolites of demented patients (Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia) and controls, and explored serum metabolite profiles of nondemented individuals 5 years preceding the diagnosis. Cognitively healthy participants were followed up for 5-20 years. Cognitive assessment, serum sampling, and diagnosis were completed every 5 years. Multivariate analyses ...
Najjari Abbas A Centre for collective, reflection & implementation of ideas, Undersecretary for Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
To elucidate the possible ways by which hydroxyurea molecules affect globin chain (α or β-like) synthesis. A total of 23 thalassemia intermedia patients (13 male and 10 female) aged between 5 and 26 years were treated for five months with 15 mg/(kg·day) of hydroxyurea. Hemoglobins electrophoresis and globin chain electrophoresis ...
Kashyap Raghava R Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography is an established modality to assess the left ventricular (LV) systolic function in several clinical situations. Diastolic parameters can also be extracted from this investigation. The aim of our study is to assess the diastolic function of the left ventricle in cases of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) ...
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