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Results 351 - 400 of 3366
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Caputo Carmela C Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Present recommendations by the US Food and Drug Administration advise that patients with prolactinoma treated with cabergoline should have an annual echocardiogram to screen for valvular heart disease. Here, we present new clinical data and a systematic review of the scientific literature showing that the prevalence of cabergoline-associated valvulopathy is ...
Partridge Emily A EA Department of Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, United - - 2014
Pulmonary hypoplasia has been described in cases of giant omphalocele (GO), although pulmonary hypertension (PH) has not been extensively studied in this disorder. In the present study, we describe rates and severity of PH in GO survivors who underwent standardized prenatal and postnatal care at our institution. A retrospective chart ...
Liu K K Key Laboratory of Myocardial Ischemia Mechanism and Treatment, Chinese Ministry of Education, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 246 Xuefu Road, 150086, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, - - 2014
The role of circulating stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) in heart failure (HF) has not been defined. The aim of this study was to examine the circulating SDF-1 levels in hospitalized heart failure (HHF) patients. Circulating SDF-1 and other clinical variables, including N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), C-reactive protein (CRP), and ...
West Brian B Genesys Regional Medical Center,Emergency Department,Grand - - 2014
Introduction The Focused Abdominal Sonography in Trauma (FAST) scan is used to detect free fluid in the peritoneal cavity, or pericardium, to quickly assess for injuries needing immediate surgical intervention. Mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) are settings where paramedics must make triage decisions in minutes. The Simple Triage and Rapid Transport (START) ...
Stojimirovic Biljana B Clinic of Nephrology, Clinical Center of Serbia , Belgrade , Serbia - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Headache is among most frequently encountered neurological symptom during hemodialysis (HD), but still under investigated in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and clinical characteristics of dialysis headache (DH) in HD and PD patients. Material and methods: A total of ...
Tuna Mazhar Müslüm MM Dicle University, Medical Faculty Endocrinology and Metabolism - - 2014
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity; however data on the reversibility of cardiovascular disease in mild primary hyperparathyroidism are conflicting. The aim of this study was to assess endothelial function in patients with mild PHPT before and after parathyroidectomy (Ptx) METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 53 patients with mild ...
Narang H K HK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and S.S.K. Hospital , New Delhi , - - 2014
Keeping in mind the life-threatening consequences of curettage in cases of undiagnosed uterine arterio-venous malformation (AVM), its possibility should be considered in patients presenting with abnormal heavy uterine bleeding and negative Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (β-hCG) values. We collected a series of cases in which the patients presented with abnormal heavy ...
Iaccarino L L Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine-DIMED, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani, 2, 35128, Padua, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to analyze olfactory function in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). We performed a case-control study on 60 IIM patients (48 females and 12 males) and 60 healthy controls (HC) recruited by the best friend method, matched for age, sex and lifestyle. Olfactory function ...
Bambo Maria Pilar MP Ophthalmology Department, Miguel Servet University Hospital , Zaragoza , Spain - - 2014
Abstract Neuro-ophthalmologists typically observe a temporal pallor of the optic disc in patients with multiple sclerosis. Here, we describe the emergence of an idea to quantify these optic disc color changes in multiple sclerosis patients. We recruited 12 multiple sclerosis patients with previous optic neuritis attack and obtained photographs of ...
Rosario Pedro Weslley PW Postgraduate Program, Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Endocrinology Service, Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
To evaluate the presence of persistent disease, including on post-therapy whole-body scan (RxWBS), in low-risk patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) > 1 cm who have low nonstimulated thyroglobulin (Tg) (measured with a sensitive assay), negative anti-Tg antibodies (TgAb), and neck ultrasound (US) showing no metastases after total thyroidectomy. We ...
Gatt Alexander A Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Tal-Qroqq, Msida, - - 2014
Adoption of international normalized ratio (INR) to harmonize prothrombin time has greatly improved the safety and effectiveness of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) oral anticoagulant therapy. INR is also a major laboratory variable in calculating the widely used Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score for liver transplant organ prioritization. However, ...
Duarte Daniella B DB School of Medicine, Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Universidade Federal do Ceará, School of Medicine, Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Universidade Federal do - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study is to investigate renal involvement in schistosomiasis. This is a retrospective cohort of 60 consecutive patients with schistosomiasis admitted to a university hospital in Maceió, Brazil. The patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with and without acute kidney injury (AKI) according to the ...
Lisman Ton T Surgical Research Laboratory and Section of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Department of Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Patients with chronic liver diseases may acquire substantial alterations in their hemostatic system when the disease progresses to fibrosis or cirrhosis[1]. Paradoxically, patients with cirrhosis show both hypo- and hypercoagulable features both from a clinical and laboratory perspective[2]. Clinically, the bleeding risk of patients with cirrhosis has long been recognized. ...
Cantó Ester - - 2014
BackgroundIn a previous proteomics study using pooled cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples, we proposed apolipoprotein AI, apolipoprotein AIV, vitronectin, plasminogen, semaphorin 7A, and ala-ß-his-dipeptidase as candidate biomarkers associated with the conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) in patients with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS). Here, we aimed to validate these results ...
Defilippis Ersilia M EM Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Weill Cornell Medical College/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, - - 2014
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but devastating complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that is estimated to occur in 1.3-6.4% of patients. A retrospective chart review was performed from April 2009 through May 2014 to identify IBD patients who had CVT diagnosed during their lifetime. Six IBD patients ...
Kaderli Berkant B Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, - - 2014
To investigate whether the Tei index, which is an indicator of global myocardial function and an independent predictor of cardiac death, is increased in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). The Tei index was used to evaluate myocardial performance, in addition to conventional echocardiographic evaluation of myocardial structural and ...
Martino Francesca F NEPHROLOGY, DIALYSIS AND KIDNEY TRANSPLANT, SAN BORTOLO HOSPITAL, VICENZA, Italy - - 2014
♦ Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is frequently complicated by high rates of peritonitis, which result in hospitalization, technique failure, transfer to hemodialysis, and increased mortality. Early diagnosis, and identification of contributing factors are essential components to increasing effectiveness of care. In previous reports, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a lipocalin which ...
Peng Fenfen F Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
♦ Objective: To explore the effect of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and albumin-corrected glycated serum proteins (Alb-GSP) on the mortality of diabetic patients receiving continuous peritoneal dialysis (PD). ♦ Methods: In this single-center retrospective cohort study, incident diabetic PD patients from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010, were recruited, and ...
Wehrwein Erica A EA Department of Physiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
Background: Hyperoxia reduces hypoglycemia counterregulation in healthy adults. We hypothesized this effect is mediated by the carotid bodies and that: 1) hyperoxia would have no effect on hypoglycemia counterregulation in patients with bilateral carotid body resection, and 2) carotid body resected patients would exhibit an impaired counterregulatory response to hypoglycemia. ...
Feng Ling L Neurobiology Research Unit, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
This study provides the first comprehensive quantification of translocator protein (TSPO) binding using SPECT and 6-chloro-2-(4'-(123)I-iodophenyl)-3-(N,N-diethyl)-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-acetamide ((123)I-CLINDE) in neurologic patients. (123)I-CLINDE is structurally related to well-known PET ligands such as (18)F-PBR111 and (18)F-DPA-714. Six patients with cerebral stroke and 4 patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) underwent 150-min dynamic SPECT scans ...
Rouzet François F Department of Nuclear Medicine, Bichat University Hospital, Département Hospitalo-Universitaire FIRE, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Paris Diderot-Paris 7, Paris, France Inserm Unité Mixte de Recherche 1148, Bichat University Hospital, Paris, - - 2014
Echocardiography plays a key role in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) but can be inconclusive in patients in whom prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is suspected. The incremental diagnostic value of (18)F-FDG PET and radiolabeled leukocyte scintigraphy in IE patients has already been reported. The aim of this study was ...
Huang Huihuang H Medical School of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100853, China; The Institute of Intensive Care Unit, Beijing 302 Hospital, Beijing, 100039, - - 2014
Sepsis encompasses two phases: "hyper"-reactive and "hypo"-reactive. The initial inflammatory stage is quickly counterbalanced by an anti-inflammatory response, which compromises the immune system, leading to immune suppression. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sepsis by inducing immunosuppression; however, the role of CD39+Tregs in the process ...
Dandin Ozgür O Bursa Military Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Bursa, - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating neurological disease and causing a variety of neurological symptoms, including discomfort of anorectal function. Constipation and faecal incontinence present as anorectal dysfunction in MS and anal manometry, colonic transit time, electromyography, and defecography can be used for assessment. We presented a thirty-three years old ...
Yang Xiaobo X Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), Beijing, - - 2014
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the liver (IMTL) is a very rare benign disease with a good prognosis. To determine the clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics of IMTL. The diagnosis and treatment strategies were discussed. A total of eleven patients with pathologically confirmed IMTL receiving treatment over a 15-year period were ...
Toki Sayaka S Department of Dermatology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, - - 2014
Autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITD) are characterized by the impairment of the thyroid gland as a result of systemic or organ-specific autoimmune disorders, and the presence of antithyroid autoantibodies, such as antithyroglobulin antibody (AbTg) and antithyroid peroxidase antibody (AbTPO). Several studies have reported the association of AITD with systemic sclerosis (SSc). ...
Park Jin-Sung JS Department of Neurology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of the enzyme acid glucosidase alfa (GAA). Recently, enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) using recombinant human GAA (rhGAA) became clinically available, and is expected to modify the clinical course in LOPD of various stages. In this study, we evaluated ...
Hanaoka Beatriz Y BY Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, 138 Leader Avenue, Lexington, KY, 40506-9983, - - 2014
The goals of this study were to assess the predictive value of chart-abstracted American College of Rheumatology functional status (ACR-FS) with patient-reported ACR-FS and to relate it with measures of muscle function in a single-institution cohort of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). Demographic and clinical data of 102 patients ...
Oliva A A Aix Marseille University, IP-TPT UMR MD3, Marseille, - - 2014
Immunoprecipitin detection (IPD) is the current reference confirmatory technique for anti-Aspergillus antibody detection; however, lack of standardisation is a critical drawback of this assay. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the Aspergillus Western Blot (Asp-WB) IgG kit (LDBio Diagnostics, Lyon, France), a recently commercialised immunoblot assay for the ...
Brill Livnat L Department of Neurology and Laboratory of Neuroimmunology, and the Agnes-Ginges Center for Neurogenetics, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center Jerusalem, - - 2014
Screening of putative autoimmune targets in multiple sclerosis (MS) revealed a proportion of patients carrying antibodies (Abs) against KIR4.1, a potassium channel that shares functional properties with AQP4. Both are localized at the perivascular astrocytic processes. To measure anti-KIR4.1 Abs in the serum of MS and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients, ...
Baranzini Sergio E SE Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, USA/ Equal contribution - - 2014
Interferon beta (IFNb) reduces relapse frequency and disability progression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Early identification of prognostic biomarkers of IFNb-treated patients will allow more effective management of MS. The IMPROVE study evaluated subcutaneous IFNb versus placebo in 180 patients with relapsing-remitting MS. Magnetic resonance imaging scans, clinical assessments, ...
Zhang Alan L AL Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
Retrospective Cohort Study. To investigate the relationship between cervical spine (C-spine) and rotator cuff (RTC) pathology. Cervical spine and rotator cuff pathology cause significant shoulder pain in isolation and in tandem but there is limited information about the relationship between these two entities. Patients with a diagnosis of C-spine and/or ...
Takahashi H H Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to identify predictors for the response to treatment of acute lupus hemophagocytic syndrome (ALHS). We reviewed seven cases with ALHS admitted to our hospital and published ALHS cases identified in the 2001-2014 Medline database, and then conducted univariate and multivariate analyses to identify predictors ...
Koo B S BS Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the clinical characteristics of lupus enteritis (LE) and non-enteric lupus (non-LE) patients and identify predictors of LE recurrence. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 62 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in a tertiary hospital who experienced enteric symptoms and underwent abdominal computed tomography scanning between January 1997 ...
Shikata Toshiyuki T Department of Pharmacy, Hyogo College of Medicine - - 2014
Background:Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are frequently prescribed in combination with aspirin for preventing peptic ulcer in patients with atherosclerotic diseases. In contrast, long-term use of PPI has been suggested to be associated with iron or vitamin B12deficiency. The effect of PPI on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, however, has not been clarified ...
Bestawros Michael M Autonomic Dysfunction Center & Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, - - 2014
-Ictal asystole is a rare, serious, and often treatable cause of syncope. There are currently limited data to guide management. Characterization of ictal syncope predictors may aid in the selection of high-risk patients for treatments such as pacemakers. -We searched our epilepsy monitoring unit database from October 2003 through July ...
Ayan Arif A Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible favorable effect of desloratadine-montelukast combination on salivary glands (SG) function in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) using SG scintigraphy. The study population consisted of 64 patients with AR and 28 healthy controls: 14 males and 14 females, with mean age ...
Jo Si Young SY Department of Otolaryngology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of - - 2014
Aim: To describe our surgical technique and compare the results of obliteration materials. Patients and Methods: Fifty patients over a 7-year period were evaluated retrospectively. Out of these 50 consecutive patients, 29 had recurrent chronic otitis media (COM) with or without cholesteatoma and 21 patients had old open cavities. Efficacy ...
Koros Christos C 1st Department of Neurology, Aeginition Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
Aim: The pathogenic role of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) 1 and 2 in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) still remains obscure. The aim of our study was the assessment of HSV1 and 2 DNA prevalence in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of MS patients compared to patients with other neurological disorders (OND). Materials ...
Jefferies Helen J HJ Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Endotoxaemia, a driver of systemic inflammation, appears to be driven by dialysis-induced circulatory stress in haemodialysis (HD) patients. More frequent HD regimens are associated with lower ultrafiltration requirements, improved haemodynamic stability and lower systemic inflammation. This study investigated the hypothesis that more frequently dialysed patients, with reduced exposure to ...
Elvevi Alessandra A Gastrointestinal and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Università degli Studi and Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, - - 2014
It has been suggested that multiple rapid swallowing should be added to oesophageal manometry. To prospectively evaluate whether 10 and 200mL multiple rapid swallowing provide different information concerning motor function. 30 consecutive patients with oesophageal symptoms, 13 achalasia patients after successful pneumatic dilation and 19 healthy subjects performed eight 5mL ...
Tampakakis Emmanouil E Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
This study sought to evaluate if diastolic pulmonary gradient (DPG) can predict survival in patients with pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease (PH-LHD). Patients with combined post- and pre-capillary PH-LHD have worse prognosis than those with passive pulmonary hypertension. The transpulmonary gradient (TPG) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) have ...
Lopes Cláudia C Escola Superior de Tecnologia das Saúde de Coimbra, Departamento de Cardiopneumologia, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To combine the results of the best scientific evidence in order to compare the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and in sinus rhythm (SR) and to determine the effect of atrioventricular nodal ablation in AF patients. The electronic databases PubMed, B-On ...
Kajimoto Katsuya K Division of Cardiology, Towa Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the heterogeneity of the association of a preserved or reduced ejection fraction (EF) with the increased risk of outcomes among patients with acute heart failure syndromes. Of the 4,842 patients enrolled in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Syndromes (ATTEND) registry in Japan, ...
Goh M Y MY 1] Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia [2] University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia [3] The Spinal Research Institute, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2014
Study design:Retrospective study.Objectives:To quantify diurnal blood pressure (BP) patterns and nocturnal hypertension and to measure diurnal urine production in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients with clinically significant disorders of BP control.Setting:A specialist state-based spinal cord service in Victoria, Australia.Methods:Medical records of patients with traumatic SCI who were referred to a ...
Zilberberg Eran E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center - Tel Hashomer , Ramat Gan , Israel - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is usually used at the end of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), as a surrogate LH surge, to induce final oocyte maturation and resumption of meiosis. Recently, the co-administration of GnRH agonist and hCG for final oocyte maturation - 40 and 34 h prior to OPU, ...
Siniscalchi Antonio A Department of Neurology, "Annunziata" Hospital, Cosenza, - - 2014
Sudden unexplained/unexpected death (SUDEP) is related to high mortality in patients with epilepsy. The prolongation of QT interval, involved in cardiac arrhythmia-related SUDEP, may be precipitated by antiepileptic dru gs (AEDs). In this study, we evaluated the effects of phenobarbital and levetiracetam on PR-QTc intervals in patients with post-stroke seizures. ...
Gorek Dilektasli Asli A Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University , Ankara , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Diagnosis of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI) by the tuberculin skin test (TST) is hampered due to anergy and impaired sensitivity in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. We aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of the TST with that of interferon-gamma immunospot (T-SPOT.TB®) assay in diagnosing LTBI in CRF ...
Krogias Christos C Department of Neurology, Ruhr University Bochum St. Josef-Hospital, Gudrunstr. 56, 44791, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
Myotonic dystrophies (DMs) are clinically similar but distinct multisystemic diseases related to different repeat expansion mutations. CNS involvement is one important aspect of both, myotonic dystrophy type 1 and type 2 (DM1, DM2). Transcran ial sonography (TCS) has become a reliable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of several CNS disorders. ...
Stiver Corey C The Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
Diastolic dyssynchrony is increasingly being recognized as another marker for possible adverse cardiac events. Minimal data exist in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) patients. The goal of this study was to determine if there were differences in diastolic dyssynchrony in patients with HLHS vs. control patients. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) ...
Lee J J Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, 680 Gukchaebosang-ro, Jung-Gu, Daegu, 700-842, Republic of - - 2014
Tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) is characterized by lymphocytic predominance and high adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels. However, TPEs sometimes present non-lymphocytic predominance, and parapneumonic effusion (PPE) often exceeds the cutoff value of ADA for TPE. Thus, the differential diagnosis of cases with pleural fluid (PF) showing non-lymphocytic predominance and high ADA ...
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