Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1015
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Raupp S - - 2004
To review the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of type I cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas (CDAVF) of the lateral sinus medical records of 24 patients with Type I CDAVF were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were interviewed aiming at presenting symptoms, impact on daily functioning, diagnostic delay, relevant medical history and post-treatment ...
this paper, the outcomes of 56 patients who underwent stereotactic radiosurgery for AVMs located in the basal ganglia, thalamus, or brainstem are presented
Limaye, U. S.
From 1996-2002 we treated 5 consecutive cases of pial fistula. There were 3 patients with a single hole-single channel pial fistula and two patients had a complex pial fistula. Three patients presented with intracerebral hematoma and had a focal neurological deficit. One patient presented with history of seizures and 1 ...
Perrini P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The authors retrospectively reviewed the results of two different treatment modalities (surgery and endovascular approach) in patients with intracranial micro-arteriovenous malformations (micro-AVMs). The goal of this study is to evaluate the respective role of surgical treatment and superselective acrylic embolization in the management of micro-AVMs. METHOD: Fourteen patients with ...
Kim Eui Jong - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that coexisting extranidal arterial aneurysms (EAs) would be associated with an increased risk of incident intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) from brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) rupture. METHODS: To determine the presence of EAs and compare the sources and locations of ICH, we retrospectively reviewed the computed tomographic, magnetic resonance ...
Nogami Kenichiro - - 2004
The aim of this study was to analyze magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) morphometry and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and determine the viability of such measurements for predicting cerebral outcome. The subjects were 26 patients with histories of cardiopulmonary resuscitation who had subsequently developed encephalopathy. We ...
Murakami Mamoru - - 2004
The management and outcome were retrospectively investigated in patients with chronic renal failure receiving maintenance blood purification who suffered intracranial hemorrhage. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH, n = 36) or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH, n = 5) were evaluated. Both groups were initially managed using continuous hemofiltration (HF) after admission, except ...
Suarez Jose I - - 2004
OBJECT: Human albumin is used to induce hypervolemia (central venous pressure [CVP] > 8 mm Hg) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Unfortunately, human albumin may increase the mortality rate in critically ill patients; because of this, its use became restricted in the authors' hospital in May 1999. The goal of this ...
Rajajee Venkatakrishna - - 2004
Systemic hemostatic activation following primary intracerebral hemorrhage (PICH) has been described, particularly with intraventricular or subarachnoid extension. Our objective was to study the occurrence of abnormalities of coagulation as measured by partial thromboplastin time, international normalized ratio, and platelet count in patients with PICH and no obvious cause for a ...
Addolorato Giovanni - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Neurological and psychiatric disorders occur in approximately 10% of patients with celiac disease. Although some of these alterations respond to a gluten-free diet, the etiology of these abnormalities is uncertain. Because of a case report that cerebral hypoperfusion in a celiac patient resolved after a gluten-free diet, we studied ...
Kuroda Satoshi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Retrograde drainage into the cortical veins results in poor outcome in patients with an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula. However, the pathophysiological features of dural arteriovenous fistulae remain obscure. This study aimed to clarify hemodynamic and metabolic conditions in these patients using positron emission tomography. METHODS: This study included eight ...
Kowalski Robert G - - 2004
CONTEXT: Mortality and morbidity can be reduced if aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is treated urgently. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of initial misdiagnosis and outcome after SAH. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Inception cohort of 482 SAH patients admitted to a tertiary care urban hospital between August 1996 and August 2001. ...
Sarrafzadeh Asita S - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral microdialysis (MD) is discussed as a technique for detection of cerebral ischemia in subarachnoid hemorrhage; however, clinical data on cerebral blood flow (CBF) are limited in these patients. The main objective of this study was to investigate whether pathological MD parameters reflect a reduced regional CBF ...
Ariesen M J - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients who are anticoagulated after cerebral ischemia have a 19-fold-higher risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) if they had an arterial rather than a cardiac source. To determine whether this excess risk of ICH was due to the underlying disease (cerebral ischemia of arterial versus cardiac origin) or ...
Pollock Bruce E - - 2004
OBJECT: Although stereotactic radiosurgery is frequently performed for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in deep locations, outcomes after radiosurgery for these patients have not been well studied. The goal of this paper was to study these outcomes. METHODS: Between 1990 and 2000, 56 patients underwent radiosurgery for AVMs located in the basal ...
Gupta Rishi - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemicraniectomy and durotomy have been proposed in many small series to relieve intracranial hypertension and tissue shifts in patients with large hemispheric infarcts, thereby preventing death from herniation. Our objective was to review the literature to identify patients most likely to benefit from hemicraniectomy. METHODS: All available ...
Moreira Luciano Artioli - - 2004
The aim of this study was to report the effectiveness of laser therapy applied to traumatic labial injury of patients with spastic cerebral palsy. We report two cases of patients with internal mucosa and lower lip traumatism caused by oral reflex automatism with spastic tonic bite and lower lip interposition. ...
Naughten E R - - 2004
Twenty-one patients have been diagnosed with glutaric aciduria type I over a 16-year period in the Republic of Ireland, 11 following clinical presentation and 10 following a high-risk screen. Nineteen have been managed with diet. Eight patients have died, of whom 7 were diagnosed clinically. Six had dystonic and one ...
Shinohara Elio Hitoshi - - 2004
Oral myiasis is a rare pathology and a risk to the patient's life. Conventional treatment is mechanical removal of the larvae (maggots) one by one, which is painful, distressing, and embarrassing both to the patient and to the dentist. We present a case report of a patient with cerebral palsy ...
Balestri P - - 2003
The authors report three patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 and different types of malformations of cortical development: Patient 1 had a possible transmantle cortical dysplasia involving the right temporoinsuloparieto-occipital areas; Patient 2 had a periventricular band of heterotopic gray matter with an overlying pachygyric cerebral cortex; and Patient 3 had ...
Zhou Dong-sheng - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To improve the diagnosis and treatment of severe cerebral fat embolism (SCFE). METHODS: The data of nine patients with SCFE were retrospectively analyzed. The manifestations of the central nerve system, respiratory system and hemorrhage were recorded, at the same time, accessory examination including arterial oxygen, fat macroglobules in venous ...
Buhl Ralf - - 2003
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) occurs in about 10%-15% of all strokes, and hypertension and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) are the main underlying causes. There is often controversy regarding surgical evacuation especially in elderly patients. Follow-up of these patients and regulation of hypertension is important to prevent re-bleeding. The number of recurrent ...
Iwama Toru - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of emergency craniotomy for patients with massive hematoma secondary to endovascular embolization of supratentorial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and to investigate relevant factors affecting outcome. METHODS: Within the past 15 years, 605 patients with intracranial AVMs have undergone 1066 endovascular embolizations at our institution. ...
Macdonald R Loch - - 2003
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to determine factors associated with the development of symptomatic vasospasm among patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) who participated in the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of tirilazad between 1991 and 1997. METHODS: Data obtained from 3567 patients entered into trials of tirilazad were ...
Asil Talip - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral herniation resulting from postischemic brain edema is the most common cause of death in patients with large cerebral infarctions. Early monitoring of intracranial pressure and application of necessary treatment procedures may have life-saving value. In this study, the data obtained by transcranial Doppler sonography were compared with clinical ...
Albanèse Jacques - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect on outcome (1 yr) of decompressive craniectomy performed within or after the first 24 hrs post-trauma in severely head-injured trauma patients with intractable cerebral hypertension. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: Intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Among 816 patients with severe head trauma ...
Fukuda Ikuo - - 2003
Five patients who had delayed stroke after cardiac surgery underwent intraarterial administration of a fibrinolytic agent for thromboembolism (n = 4) or thrombosis (n = 1) of the cerebral artery. Complete recanalization of the occluded artery was obtained in 3 patients and partial recanalization in 2. Additional angioplasty for basilar ...
Liu Amon Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endovascular aneurysm therapy has associated risks of ischemic complications. We undertook this study to evaluate the efficacy of neurophysiological monitoring (NPM) techniques in the detection of ischemic changes that may be seen during endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: Thirty-five patients underwent NPM during endovascular treatment of ...
Lawrentschuk Nathan - - 2003
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of warfarin use in 156 consecutive patients presenting to a single tertiary referral centre with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage. Our study found that 11% of patients (16/159) presenting with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage were on warfarin for prophylactic anticoagulation at time ...
Pathak A - - 2003
Eight patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) received intrathecal sodium nitroprusside therapy (ITSNPT) in the form of intermittent bolus doses for delayed cerebral vasospasm after undergoing clipping of an aneurysm. Five patients were administered ITSNPT to combat refractory symptomatic vasospasm while three patients received prophylactic ITSNPT in view of the ...
Abdo A - - 2003
The clinical course of patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is often worsened by the presence of cerebral edema and endocranial hypertension. In spite of the multiple studies using Transcranial Doppler Sonography (TCDS), few have shown the cerebral blood flow (CBF) pattern among patients with encephalopathy resulting from FHF. OBJECTIVE: ...
Meixensberger Jürgen - - 2003
The purpose of this prospective observational study was to investigate the relation between the frequency of critical neuromonitoring parameters (brain tissue pO2, (PtiO2) < or = 10 mmHg, intracranial pressure (ICP) > 20 mmHg, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) < or = 70 mmHg) and outcome after severe aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
Strege Rainer J - - 2003
The aim of this study was to examine the pre-operative clinical and neuromonitoring courses in patients with a decompressive craniectomy to assess and to compare clinical and neuromonitoring signs indicating extensive cerebral edema. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical signs and courses of simultaneous monitoring of intracranial pressure ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2003
OBJECT: The identification of patients at an increased risk for cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may allow for more aggressive treatment and improved patient outcomes. Note, however, that blood clot size on admission remains the only factor consistently demonstrated to increase the risk of cerebral vasospasm after SAH. The ...
Tanaka Makoto - - 2003
We examined regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and oxygen metabolism (rCMRO2) in 10 patients with progressive dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (DALS), in 21 patients with classical amyotrophic lateral sclerosis without dementia (ALS), and in 17 controls. The mean rCBF and rCMRO2, especially in the anterior cerebral hemispheres, decreased significantly ...
Hamani Clement - - 2003
In the present study, we have evaluated the use of intraventricular pressure catheters in thalamic and ganglionic hemorrhages. Ten patients admitted in our Emergency Department in Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) equal or below 13 enrolled the study (at least one point should have been lost in the eye opening score ...
Garlichs C D - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inflammation and hypercoagulability contribute to the development of acute cerebral ischemia. Both can be mediated by the CD40 system. This study investigated whether the CD40 system and related mediators are upregulated in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke. METHODS: Seventeen patients with TIA, 60 patients ...
Sarrafzadeh Asita - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought (1) to identify early metabolic markers for the development of (ir)reversible neurological deficits and cerebral infarction in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients by using the microdialysis technique and (2) to evaluate the influence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on microdialysis parameters. METHODS: We performed a prospective study ...
J. Kalita, P. Ranjan, ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is defined as bleeding into the brain parenchyma that may extend into the ventricles and in rare cases into the subarachnoid space. It is the most common form of hemorrhagic stroke representing 10-15% of all strokes and results in more deaths or major disability than due to ...
Chuang Yu-Ming - - 2003
It has been shown that thrombolytic therapy can improve clinical outcome in some patients with acute cerebral ischemia. These patients have been reported to be characterized by certain clinical and imaging findings, mainly with non-contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT). Our purpose in this study was to find out whether CT ...
Baciu M - - 2003
The aim of this fMRI study was to evaluate the motor reorganization (cerebral plasticity) and the risk of motor deficit in patients presenting with tumors and vascular malformations, within the framework of their pre-surgical planning. Functional MR imaging data was obtained from 17 patients. Ten patients (seven with tumors and ...
Muroi Carl - - 2003
Perioperative ischemic complications not directly related to surgery require special attention in patients with moyamoya disease; positron emission tomography (H(2) 15O-PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography have been considered indispensable for evaluating pre- and postsurgical cerebral hemodynamics. The clinical records of 14 patients with moyamoya disease who underwent 26 extracranial-intracranial ...
Pratap A - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Single photon emission tomography scan (SPECT) is used to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) and also cerebral vascular reserve (CVR) after intravenous acetazolamide (ACZ) challenge. This prospective study was designed to test the utility of CVR in congenital hydrocephalus (CHC). METHODS: Patients (n = 21, mean age 6.2 m) ...
Hertel F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the combination of spinal tap test (STT) with cerebral perfusion measurement assessed either by Tc-bicisate-SPECT (Tc-SPECT) or perfusion weighted MRI (pwMRI), or both, for a better preoperative selection of promising candidates for shunt operations in suspected idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. METHODS: ...
Diaz-Parejo Pedro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study whether transient hyperglycemia adversely affects cerebral energy metabolism in patients with severe traumatic brain lesions. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, nonrandomized study in the neurosurgical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 108 patients treated for severe traumatic brain lesions. INTERVENTIONS: All patients were treated according to ...
Yoshida M - - 2003
The efficacy of nitrous oxide (N2O) inhalation on the elevated orofacial muscle tonus during dental treatment in patients with cerebral palsy (CP) was studied by measuring the mean frequency of electromyographic (EMG) discharge, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) taking mentally retarded patients (MR) as a control. At a ...
Nagamine Yukiko - - 2003
Serum levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and immunoglobulin E (IgE) were determined for 96 patients with Plasmodium falciparum malaria admitted to hospital, Bangkok, Thailand in the period 1998-2000. The patients were divided into 3 groups, i.e. uncomplicated, severe and cerebral malaria according to WHO criteria (2000). Elevation of IL-18 ...
Yasaka Masahiro - - 2003
To elucidate predisposing factors for enlargement of intracerebral hematoma (ICH) during warfarin therapy, we reviewed 47 patients on warfarin who developed acute ICH and determined relationships among ICH enlargement, INR reversal and clinical data. Among 36 patients treated to counteract the effects of warfarin within 24 h of onset, ICH ...
Ishibashi Akira - - 2003
This study was designed to investigate the outcomes in patients with massive cerebral infarction, and to determine the risk factors associated with worse outcomes in the patients with massive cerebral infarction. Twenty-seven patients with acute massive cerebral infarction were hospitalized in our institution. These 10 men and 17 women had ...
Morioka Motohiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The cause of intracranial bleeding in moyamoya disease patients is still unknown. To identify factors that contribute to bleeding, we assessed the angiographic findings of moyamoya disease patients. METHODS: We examined angiograms obtained from 107 moyamoya patients; 70 manifested ischemic and 37 had hemorrhagic lesions. Patients with ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >