Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1015
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Shigeki Yamashita
The effects of hypocapnic-hyperventilation on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate for oxgen (CMRO2) were evaluted in 7 patients with hepatic or septec encephalopathy. A positive linear relationship between CBF and PaCO2 was observed in hepatic patients (CBF=3.12PaCO2-81.4,r=0.739) and in septic patients (CBF=1.96PaCO2-36.1, r=0.535). Although these regression equations ...
McCarron M O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The natural history and triggers of perihaematomal oedema (PHO) remain poorly understood. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (a common cause of lobar haemorrhage) has localised anticoagulant and thrombolytic properties, which may influence PHO. We hypothesised that early (within 24 hours) oedema to haematoma volume ratios are smaller in patients with lobar ...
Esper Dema Halasa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with intracerebral (ICH), intraventricular (IVH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have increased morbidity and mortality compared with other forms of stroke. We postulate that the systemic inflammatory state triggered by these forms of nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage (IH) translates into higher nutrition requirements than traditionally assumed. In order to test ...
Frontera J A - - 2006
The authors performed serial transcranial Doppler (TCD) and carbon dioxide reactivity (CO2R) testing in 20 aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients to determine whether impaired cerebrovascular reactivity was associated with symptomatic vasospasm. Symptomatic vasospasm occurred in 9 of 14 patients with abnormal CO2R and in none of 6 patients with preserved reactivity ...
Arai Y - - 2006
Summary: Pre-radiosurgical embolization was carried out using cyanoacrylate in seven of 13 patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) with a linear accelerator (LINAC). The aim of embolization before SRS was the reduction of AVM volume and/or the elimination of vascular structures bearing an increased risk ...
Urban P P - - 2006
Dysarthria is a frequent symptom in cerebral ischaemia. However, speech characteristics of these patients have not previously been investigated in relation to lesion site in a prospective study. We investigated the auditory perceptual features in 62 consecutive patients with dysarthria due to a single, non-space-occupying cerebral infarction confirmed by MRI. ...
Danaci Murat - - 2006
PRINCIPLES: Coumadin-induced renal and retroperitoneal hemorrhages are rare. Clinical and laboratory findings are not specific for the diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) has some advantages in the evaluation of these patients. The aim of this study is to report our experience regarding renal and retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to Coumadin, and describe ...
Kuroda Satoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is still unclear that impaired cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to acetazolamide is comparable to elevated oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) on positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with occlusive carotid diseases. Therefore, in this study, the authors aimed to clarify whether OEF is elevated in all patients with ...
Pretnar-Oblak Janja - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is well known that endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that specific, marked endothelial dysfunction of cerebral arteries is present in patients with lacunar cerebral infarctions. METHODS: Cerebrovascular reactivity to L-arginine, ...
Huttner Hagen B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Up to 30% of patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) require mechanical ventilation during the course of treatment. For these patients, tracheostomy is necessary in cases of protracted weaning. As only limited data exist about predictors for a tracheostomy in patients with ICH, the aim of this study was ...
Balci Kemal - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Primary pontine hemorrhage (PPH) accounts approximately for about 5-10% of intracranial hemorrhages, and PPHs are known to have a much less uniform prognosis. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiological predictors affecting the mortality in 32 patients with PPH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the ...
Sarrafzadeh A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare microdialysis (MD) and positron emission tomography (PET) in the detection of ischemia in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. METHODS: 15 SAH patients (13F/2M, 48+/-13 years, WFNS Grade I-V) were prospectively included in the study. A MD-catheter was inserted into the brain parenchyma most likely to be affected ...
Shimbles S - - 2005
A non-invasive method of assessing intracranial pressure (ICP) would be of benefit to patients with abnormal cerebral pathology that could give rise to changes in ICP. In particular, it would assist the regular monitoring of hydrocephalus patients. This study evaluated a technique using tympanic membrane displacement (TMD) measurements, which has ...
Sundaram C - - 2005
Fifty-six patients with cerebral zygomycosis (mucormycosis) were seen during the period 1971-2001 in two tertiary care hospitals located in south India with tropical climate and catering to neurological diseases. Forty-four patients had rhinocerebral and twelve patients had isolated central nervous system (CNS) zygomycosis. Of these, ten were culture proven (Rhizopus ...
Hoh Brian L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our practice has been to heparinize patients for cerebral aneurysm coiling even after recent external ventriculostomy drain (EVD) placement. The current medical literature cites a 12.5% symptomatic hemorrhage rate with heparinization after recent EVD placement. We reviewed our experience to determine our level of safety with this practice. METHODS: ...
Koebbe Christopher J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) comprise 10% to 15% of all arteriovenous malformations. Recent studies have demonstrated promising results when radiosurgery is used for DAVFs. We retrospectively analyzed our patients with DAVFs who received stereotactic radiosurgery with or without embolization. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2002, 18 patients with 23 angiographically ...
Dohi K - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the role of the hypothalamic hypocretin/orexin system in complications of delayed ischemic neuronal deficit (DIND) resulting from symptomatic vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CSF hypocretin-1/orexin-A levels were measured in 15 SAH patients. DIND complications occurred in seven patients with ...
Seidel Günter - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies indicate the potential of transcranial sonography (TCS) to detect cerebrovascular disease. The authors conducted this patient study to evaluate the diagnostic potential of gray-scale TCS in depicting hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in the early phase of middle cerebral artery infarction. METHODS: TCS was performed in 32 ...
Ishikawa Tatsuya - - 2005
Basal moyamoya vessels are a potential source of hemorrhage in patients with moyamoya disease, but the etiology remains unclear. Symptomatic hemorrhage resulting from long-standing hemodynamic effects on pathologically dilated, fragile moyamoya vessels may be preceded by asymptomatic microbleeding in adult moyamoya disease patients, regardless of hemorrhagic or ischemic onset. T2*-weighted ...
Murakami M - - 2005
We analyzed serial changes in the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) of 13 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during the acute- to chronic stage (2 hr to 55 weeks). The (99m)Tc-ethyl cysteinate dimmer ((99m)Tc-ECD) was used as the nuclear mediator. The SPECT timing within ...
Kemény Vendel - - 2005
A double-blind, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out to test the acute and long-term hemodynamical and beneficial cognitive effects of the vasoactive agent vinpocetine on patients suffering from multiple cerebral infarcts by means of functional transcranial Doppler examinations and by neuropsychological tests. Twenty-six patients (17 men, 9 women) ...
Egge A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cognitive impairment and the association between neuropsychological measures and neuroimaging 1 year after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHOD: Forty-two patients were examined clinically according to Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Computed tomography (CT), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and neuropsychological examination were performed. RESULTS: There were ...
Kotterba Sylvia - - 2005
Stroke patients with relevant deficits are not allowed to drive. This study tended to assess driving abilities in an early stage after cerebral ischemia with a driving simulator. METHODS: 32 patients (aged 54.9 +/- 14.8 years) with acute ischemia in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) (n = 24) and in ...
Montenegro Maria Augusta - - 2005
Birth asphyxia can be an early sign of cerebral palsy, the effect of an antenatal anomaly rather than its cause. The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of intrapartum complications in patients with malformation of cortical development. The data were retrospectively assessed and compared with a control ...
Noske D P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Using cerebral microdialysis, baseline values for energy-related chemical markers have been reported in awake patients. Radionuclide studies have demonstrated a locally decreased metabolism, thought to be the result of brain retraction. These baseline values, however, may not be applicable to patients after surgical aneurysm repair following a subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
Walter Christof - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It is controversial whether alteration of cerebral perfusion plays an important role in the pathophysiology of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and can help to predict the outcome after shunt surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 patients with suspected NPH were examined clinically (Homburg Hydrocephalus Scale, walking test, ...
Joo Eun Yeon - - 2005
PURPOSE: Previous cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism studies suggest that the basal ganglia or thalamus is involved in the pathogenesis of paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC). However, the underlying cerebral abnormalities in idiopathic PKC have not been elucidated. To localise cerebral perfusion abnormalities in PKC, we performed interictal brain perfusion ...
Revilla-Pacheco Francisco R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Hydroelectrolytic disturbances are part of the complications of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) must be considered when hyponatremia is associated with a decrease in circulating volume. We performed this study to determine the clinical characteristics and management paradigm of patients with serum sodium concentration abnormalities and aneurysmatic ...
Murthy Hanuman S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a trend towards cerebral protection has been demonstrated with intraoperative mild hypothermia. Mild to moderate spontaneous hypothermia occurs intraoperatively if no active measures are taken to warm the patient. The present study investigated the cerebral protective role of such spontaneous intraoperative hypothermia ...
Cocito Leonardo - - 2005
We report on a patient with delayed carbon monoxide encephalopathy who presented with severe cognitive impairment associated with MRI findings of extensive demyelination of the cerebral white matter after a silent period of three weeks from acute intoxication. Despite the severe signs of structural and functional cerebral impairment in the ...
Schneider Anita L - - 2005
Acute thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is the only treatment of proven effectiveness in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Cerebral edema (CE) is the most feared and fatal complication of AIS. For both of these conditions, patient selection for treatment and timing of intervention are crucial but controversial issues. ...
Tortoriello Tia A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive optical monitor of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2). The aim of this study was to validate the use of NIRS by cerebral oximetry in estimating invasively measured mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) in pediatric postoperative cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Twenty patients were enrolled ...
Nariai T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The optimum management of patients with moyamoya disease remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To examine retrospectively the correlation between the degree of haemodynamic stress and the clinical presentation by measuring cerebral haemodynamics and metabolism using positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS: 57 patients with moyamoya disease (mean age 32 years, range 12 ...
Tsai Jeng-Dau - - 2005
Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is characterized by episodes of brief dystonia or choreoathetosis which is induced by sudden movement. We report the clinical manifestations and efficacy of treatment with carbamazepine in familial PKC. Seven patients from two families were diagnosed with PKC. The most common precipitating factors in our patients ...
Pamuk A G - - 2005
Onyx injection is a new technique for embolization of cerebral aneurysms that is involved in a controversy about the 'toxicity' of its solvent, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). We retrospectively studied 38 patients treated for aneurysms with the liquid polymer, Onyx. Induction was with propofol, fentanyl and vecuronium, and anesthesia was maintained ...
Juh Rahyeong - - 2005
This study measured the cerebral glucose metabolism in patients suffering from corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The aim was to determine if there is a different metabolic pattern using (18)F-labeled 2-deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). The regional cerebral glucose metabolism was examined in 8 patients diagnosed ...
Oran Ismail - - 2005
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in or near to ventricles have proven difficult to treat. We report the safety and efficacy of embolisation of these deep central lesions and describe the contribution of embolisation to multimodality treatment. Fourteen consecutive patients with small (less than 3 cm) ventricular/paraventricular AVMs arranged for possible ...
Seledtsov V I - - 2005
The paper presents the results of a controlled study of cell therapy in 30 patients with severe forms of cerebral palsy. A cell suspension from immature nervous and hemopoietic tissues was injected into the subarachnoidal space of a recipient through a spinal puncture. Immune sensitization to donor antigens (detected by ...
Niikawa Shuji - - 2005
The present study includes 38 patients treated surgically for ruptured aneurysm manifesting subarachnoid hemorrhage without intracerebral hematoma, evaluating clinical grade at admission, secondary development and management of early cerebral swelling, subsequent complications such as cerebral infarction caused by vasospasm, and clinical outcome. Six of 32 patients treated by early surgery ...
Lawton Michael T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that patients with unruptured arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) at presentation have an increased risk of deterioration compared with patients with ruptured AVMs. METHODS: A consecutive series of 224 patients treated microsurgically by a single neurosurgeon during a period of 6.4 years was analyzed. Initial hemorrhagic presentation was the ...
Akiyama Takenori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe cerebral ischemia may lose autoregulation to increase cerebral blood flow following neural activity. Although the steal phenomenon under conventional cerebral blood flow study has been known as a high-risk factor for stroke, the cerebral oxygen hemodynamics in ischemic patients during functional activation has not been thoroughly ...
van Horssen Jack - - 2005
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a common neuropathological finding and is characterized by deposition of fibrillar amyloid in cortical and leptomeningeal vessels. In this study we describe the macroscopic and microscopic neuropathological findings of 5 patients with severe CAA-associated secondary vascular changes, including smooth muscle cell degeneration, hyalinization, 'double-barreling' phenomenon, ...
Horn Peter - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya disease (MMD) as a rare obstructive cerebrovascular disease is assumed to present with ischemic symptoms due to hemodynamic compromise. However, alternative mechanisms, such as cerebral embolism in low-flow territories, may also contribute to clinical symptoms. The incidence of high-intensity transient signals (HITS) and the degree of hemodynamic compromise ...
Mayer Stephan A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a novel water-circulating surface cooling system with conventional measures for treating fever in neuro-intensive care unit patients. DESIGN: Prospective, unblinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Neurologic intensive care unit in an urban teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-seven patients, the majority of whom were mechanically ventilated and ...
Peskine Anne - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To describe the sequelae of cerebral anoxia following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, to study the functional outcome and to seek a link between the acute stage and the disability. METHOD: A retrospective study was performed. The initial findings and the neurological and neuropsychological status are recorded of 12 patients admitted ...
Bhansali A - - 2004
AIM: To report presentation and outcome of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) exclusively in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Retrospective, non-comparative, interventional analysis of the medical records of 35 patients with ROCM among 22 316 patients with diabetes seen over the last 12 years. RESULTS: A cohort of 23 men and 12 ...
Bellebaum Christian - - 2004
Patients treated with microsurgical clipping of ruptured intracranial aneurysms often suffer from neuropsychological deficits in spite of a good neurological outcome. The purpose of this study was to explore if the deficits are related to the type of therapy. Two groups of 16 patients each suffering from aneurysmal SAH, matched ...
Zipfel Gregory J - - 2004
OBJECT: The authors sought to determine which morphological features of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are statistically predictive of preradiosurgical hemorrhage, postradiosurgical hemorrhage, and neuroimaging-defined failure of radiosurgical treatment. In addition, correlation between computerized tomography (CT) scanning and angiography for the identification of AVM structures was investigated. METHODS: Archived CT dosimetry and ...
Dehdashti Amir R - - 2004
OBJECT: This study was designed to determine whether the frequency of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) differs when comparing surgical clip application with endovascular obliteration of ruptured aneurysms. METHODS: In this prospective nonrandomized study, 245 patients with aneurysmal SAH treated using either surgical clip application ...
Steinberg Gary K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare endovascular versus surface methods for the induction and reversal of hypothermia during neurosurgery in a multicenter, prospective, randomized study. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective open craniotomy for repair of an unruptured cerebral aneurysm (n = 153) were randomly assigned (2:1) to undergo whole-body hypothermia to 33 degrees C, ...
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