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Muratore Francesco F Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Department of Health Sciences Research and Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare baseline variables, treatment and outcomes in patients with large-vessel GCA (LV-GCA), primarily of the upper extremities, with those with cranial disease (C-GCA). All patients >50 years of age with radiographic evidence of subclavian LV-GCA diagnosed between 1 January 1999 and 31 December ...
Venskutonyte Laura L Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is considered to be common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but information on its progression over time is lacking. We studied the longitudinal development of left ventricular diastolic function (LVDF) and myocardial blood flow reserve in patients with T2DM who were free ...
Gemel Joanna J Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Normal atrial conduction requires similar abundances and homogeneous/overlapping distributions of two connexins (Cx40 and Cx43). The remodeling of myocyte connections and altered electrical conduction associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) likely involves perturbations of these connexins. We conducted a comprehensive series of experiments to examine the abundances and distributions of Cx40 ...
Bettini Luca L Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, - - 2014
Although long-term video-EEG monitoring (LVEM) is routinely used to investigate paroxysmal events, short-term video-EEG monitoring (SVEM) lasting <24h is increasingly recognized as a cost-effective tool. Since, however, relatively few studies addressed the yield of SVEM among different diagnostic groups, we undertook the present study to investigate this aspect. We retrospectively ...
Okanishi Tohru T Division of Neurology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Multiple tubers in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) often are responsible for drug-resistant epilepsy. The complexity of the epileptic network formed by multiple tubers complicates localization of the epileptogenic zone that is needed to design a surgical treatment strategy. High frequency oscillations (HFOs) on intracranial video-electroencephalography (IVEEG) may be ...
Lee Jun Ho JH Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
This clinical study was performed to analyze the characteristics of attic cholesteatoma occurring behind a tiny retraction of the pars flaccida, which was classified as Tos type I or II and had an intact pars tensa of the tympanic membrane. The clinical records of patients who underwent tympanomastoidectomy for attic ...
Akıl Eşref E Department of Neurology, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of epicardial fat thickness (EFT) in ischemic stroke (IS) has not been previously investigated. The aim of the present study was to evaluate EFT and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) among patients with IS and to examine the relationship between these inflammatory markers and the incidence of IS. The cross-sectional ...
Sasaki Aya A Department of Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, - - 2014
The epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) is an aggressive malignant tumor, and is currently the leading cause of gynecologic cancer death. CA125 is the most commonly used serum marker for EOC, but shows a high-false positive rate for several benign diseases such as endometriosis. The purpose of this study is therefore ...
Ermakov Simon S School of Medicine, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
A recent study using an anti-plakoglobin antibody and immunofluorescence methods in endomyocardial tissue specimens found that a marked reduction in plakoglobin staining was highly sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). The purpose of our study was to determine the diagnostic utility of plakoglobin immunolocalization ...
Ali Anah J AJ Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
We determine the frequency and severity of abnormal laboratory measures of coagulation after suspected or known copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) envenomation. We identified the charts of venomous snakebites in children presenting to St. Louis Children's Hospital over a period of time greater than 14 years and of all venomous snakebites in ...
Naimo Phillip S PS Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of children undergoing repair of aortopulmonary window (APW). We conducted a retrospective review of all children (n = 43) who underwent surgical repair of APW between 1980 and 2013. Median age at surgery was 40 days (range, 13 to 125). Simple APW was ...
Yuan Ping P M.S. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Background: The severity of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is highly variable and children with heterogeneous clinical features can be classified into three phenotypes (type I-III) on the basis of age of onset and maximum motor function achieved. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics of three ...
Goldberg Ivan Am IA Discipline of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; Glaucoma Unit, Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia; Eye Associates, Sydney, - - 2014
Ocular surface disease (OSD) is relatively common in glaucoma patients. OSD symptoms could be linked to prolonged exposure to preservatives in anti-glaucoma medications, especially benzalkonium chloride (BAK). The OBSERVE clinical audit was designed to track the impact of intraocular pressure lowering medications in patients with evidence of OSD to test ...
Fruchter Oren O From the Pulmonary Institute (Drs. Fruchter, Rosengarten, Kramer), Internal Medicine ( Dr. Goldberg) and the Department of Medical Laboratory ,(Dr. Ben-Zvi and Tor), Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqwa, Israel, and The Sackler School of Medicine , Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Stable COPD patients often have lower airway bacterial colonization (ABC) which may be modulate exacerbation frequency. Data regarding the association between ABC and post-procedural COPD exacerbations following bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) is scant. Our aim was to explore the correlation between ABC, serum C-reactive protein level and the risk ...
Moiseyenko Vladimir M VM City Cancer Center, 197758, St.Petersburg, - - 2014
Ovarian carcinomas (OC) arising in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers demonstrate pronounced sensitivity to platinum-based therapy due to deficiency of double-strand break DNA repair. However, the choice of subsequent treatment lines for this category of women remains complicated. We considered mitomycin C for heavily pretreated hereditary OC patients, based on ...
Nasr Nathalie N Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical - - 2014
Background:The relative stability of cerebral blood flow is maintained by the baroreflex and cerebral autoregulation (CA). We assessed the relationship between baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and CA in patients with atherosclerotic carotid stenosis or occlusion.Methods and Results:Patients referred for assessment of atherosclerotic unilateral >50% carotid stenosis or occlusion were included. Ten healthy volunteers ...
Cherif Honar H Department of Haematology, Uppsala University Hospital , Uppsala , - - 2014
Abstract Background. Patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) suffer from recurrent epistaxis and bleeding from gastrointestinal telangiectasias that occur despite otherwise normal haemostasis and result in iron deficiency anaemia with increasing severity. In advanced disease, anaemia may be severe, be irresponsive to iron supplementation, and may lead to red blood ...
Kalbhenn Johannes J Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Freiburg University Medical - - 2014
Aims: Acquired Von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is an acquired bleeding disorder that has been reported to aggravate bleeding complications in patients with ventricular assist devices or aortic stenosis. AVWS is characterized by the loss of the high-molecular-weight (HMW) multimers of Von Willebrand factor (VWF) with consequent impaired VWF binding to ...
Esnault Pierre P Unité de réanimation de chirurgie cardiaque, service d'anesthésie réanimation 2, CHU La Timone adultes, Marseille, France, - - 2014
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by the sudden onset of reversible left ventricular dysfunction. Associated refractory cardiogenic shock is a rare occurrence and may require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We report a case of a patient who, following the inadvertent injection of 1 mg of epinephrine, presented with reverse Takotsubo cardiomyopathy ...
Picca Stefano S Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Department of Nephrology-Urology, "Bambino Gesù" Children's Hospital-IRCCS, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
In severe neonatal hyperammonemia, extracorporeal dialysis (ECD) provides higher ammonium clearance than peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, there are limited outcome data in relation to dialysis modality. Data from infants with hyperammonemia secondary to inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) treated with dialysis were collected in six Italian centers and retrospectively analyzed. ...
Delanaye Pierre - - 2014
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is known to act as a potent local inhibitor of vascular calcifications. However, in order to be active, MGP must be phosphorylated and carboxylated, with this last process being dependent on vitamin K. The present study focused on the inactive form of MGP (dephosphorylated and uncarboxylated: ...
Drago Francesco F DISSAL, Department of Dermatology, IRCCS A.O.U. San Martino-IST, Genoa, - - 2014
A 33-year-old man presented with a two-week history of an asymptomatic ulcer of the oropharynx and submandibular lymph nodes swelling. Laboratory examinations resulted normal, but serological tests revealed positivity for rapid plasma reagin, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay and anti-T. pallidum IgM antibodies. Since the patient denied any homosexual relationship, a ...
Yassin Haytham H Pediatric Cardiology Department, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar - - 2014
To determine whether patients with single-ventricle physiology who are free from known risk factors could skip routine pre-Fontan hemodynamic evaluation, without affecting the postoperative outcome. A diagnostic algorithm including echocardiographic, clinical, and angiographic risk factors was used retrospectively to evaluate all 44 patients who underwent Fontan completion at Hamad General ...
Rendina Domenico D Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
Patients with Paget's bone disease (PDB) have an increased risk of developing giant cell tumor (GCT). This study was performed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and evolution of GCT complicating PDB and to compare these clinical characteristics to those observed in two large PDB cohorts, the PDB Italian Registry and ...
Adelsberger Rolf - - 2014
Objective: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of dizziness. The underlying pathomechanism responsible for the recurrent vertigo attacks has been elucidated in detail, and highly effective treatment strategies (liberation maneuvers) have been developed. However, many BPPV patients complain about problems of balance especially following liberation maneuvers. ...
Nakagawa Naoki N Division of Cardiology, Nephrology, Pulmonology and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome confers an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. The relationship between adiponectins, and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis remains controversial. We investigated whether adiponectins, biomarkers of inflammation, nutrition status and clinical features predict the mortality of patients undergoing hemodialysis for 6 years. We ...
Saibene Alberto Maria AM Unit of Otolaryngology, Department of Health Sciences, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Odontogenic sinusitis and "sinonasal complications of dental disease or dental treatment" (SCDDT) have been assumed to be limited to the maxillary sinus. Nevertheless, many patients also show more extensive sinonasal involvement and, occasionally, also have associated bilateral disease. We evaluated the incidence of extramaxillary extension over an 11-year period in ...
Mansi Marta M Deparment of Biomedical and Clinical Science "Luigi Sacco", Università degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale Luigi Sacco, Milan, - - 2014
The first classification of angioedema without wheals was recently reported, and comprises different forms of the disease distinguished by aetiology, mediator of oedema and inheritance. In total, 1725 consecutive patients with angioedema without wheals were examined at our centre between 1993 and 2012. We excluded from the analysis 667 patients ...
Papatheodoridis George V GV Academic Department of Gastroenterology, Laiko General Hospital; 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Athens University Medical School, Athens. Electronic address: - - 2014
The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir (TDF) is unclear. We evaluated the incidence and predictors of HCC and the accuracy of existing HCC risk scores in Caucasian CHB patients receiving ETV/TDF. This large, multicenter, retrospective cohort ...
Chai Chao C Department of Medical Imaging, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin, 300192, - - 2014
To compare the susceptibility of different brain structures in patients with haemodialysis with that in healthy controls using susceptibility mapping and explore the correlations with neuropsychiatric tests and clinical parameters. Fifty three patients with haemodialysis and forty-five age-and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited in this prospective study. Susceptibility maps (SM) ...
Kuwahara Michio M Department of Nephrology, Shuuwa General Hospital, 1200 Yahara-Shinden, Kasukabe, Saitama, 344-0035, Japan, - - 2014
Renal anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is generally treated by erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). However, there are individual differences in patients' responsiveness to ESA, which may affect the prognosis of CKD. The effect of ESAs on hemoglobin was followed in 297 CKD patients with renal anemia. Three types of ESA, ...
Badry Reda R 1Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Assiut University Hospital, - - 2014
Background: Headache in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is considered a common neurological finding, although the relationship is unclear. Aim: In this study, we aimed to evaluate frequency and characteristics of different types of headache in patients with SLE. Methods: 40 SLE patients were chosen from those referred to ...
Bast Thomas T Kork Epilepsy Center, Kehl, - - 2014
This retrospective study included 54 children with epilepsy. The treatment consisted of four pulses with single doses of 20 mg/kg/d methylprednisolone (MPR), administered every week on 3 consecutive days. After this initial phase, the intervals between the pulses were increased based on individual factors. MPR pulses were administered exclusively orally ...
De Rosa Anna A Department of Neurosciences and Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University, Via Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
The clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease (PD) is not supported by Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) using dopamine transporter radioligand in 4-15 % of patients. It has been hypothesized that this phenomenon, named "Scans Without Evidence of Dopaminergic Deficiency" (SWEDD), may be an adult-onset dystonia. We investigated the hypothesis that ...
Yoo Won Joon WJ Divisions of Pediatric Orthopaedics (W.J.Y., I.H.C., T-J.C., and M.H.S.), Radiology (J.-E.C.), and Pediatrics (E.C. and H.J.L.), Seoul National University Children's Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, 110-744 Seoul, South Korea. E-mail address for I.H. Choi: - - 2014
Mycobacterial osteomyelitis involving only the epiphysis of a long bone is extremely rare, and its clinical and radiographic features remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to characterize mycobacterial epiphyseal osteomyelitis and to identify differences between its features and those reported for epiphyseal osteomyelitis caused by bacteria or unidentified ...
De Luna Gonzalo G Department of Internal Medicine, National Referral Center for Rare Autoimmune and Systemic Diseases, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Nancy, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Montpellier, Department of Internal Medicine, HP Metz Site Belle Isle, Metz, France, Department of internal Medicine, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier, Vannes and Department of Rheumatology, Bicêtre Hospital, AP-HP, Université Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France. Department of Internal Medicine, National Referral Center for Rare Autoimmune and Systemic Diseases, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Nancy, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Montpellier, Department of Internal Medicine, HP Metz Site Belle Isle, Metz, France, Department of internal Medicine, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier, Vannes and Department of Rheumatology, Bicêtre Hospital, AP-HP, Université Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the presentation and outcomes of patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) presenting with CNS involvement. Patients were included in this nationwide retrospective study if they had GPA according to ACR criteria and/or the European Medicines Agency algorithm and CNS involvement. Thirty-five patients ...
Yldrm Ayşen Türedi AT aDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Faculty of Medicine,Celal Bayar University, Manisa bDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Dr Behcet Uz Children's Hospital, Izmir cDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş dDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, AkdenizUniversity, Antalya, - - 2014
The congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (CAMT) is a syndrome characterized by preservation of granulocytic and erythroid cells during genesis, with a gradual or progressive decrease in the number of megakaryocytic series of cells in the bone marrow. At later times, most patients develop aplastic anemia. It is important to rule out ...
Jasiewicz Małgorzata - - 2014
INTRODUCTION Inflammation plays a significant role in pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). sRANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are TNF-α family members of immunomodulatory activity. OBJECTIVES Evaluation of sRANKL and OPG concentrations in patients with PAH as potential factors contributing to development of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied 26 ...
Papadimas George Konstantinos GK Department of Neurology, University of Athens, Medical School, Aeginition Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Introduction: Myotonic Dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder with (CCTG)n repeat expansion in intron 1 of the CNBP gene Methods: We studied the first 16 Greek DM2 patients who had undergone thorough evaluation. Results: The age at diagnosis ranged from 38 to 69 years. The initial ...
Lazzerini Pietro Enea PE Department of Medical Sciences, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, - - 2014
Objectives. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were twice as likely to experience sudden cardiac death compared with non-RA subjects. Although the underlying mechanisms have not been clarified, evidence points at the effects of systemic inflammation on ventricular repolarisation. Accordingly, corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation is more frequent in RA than in ...
Muro Yoshinao Y Department of Dermatology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, - - 2014
Objective. Myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs) are useful tools for identifying clinical subsets of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). There have been few reports on antibodies (Abs) to some DNA mismatch repair enzymes (MMREs) in patients with IMM. In this study, the frequencies and clinical associations of antibodies to 7 kinds ...
Olthof D C DC Trauma Unit Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Splenic Artery Embolisation (SAE) is increasingly being used as a non-operative management strategy for patients with blunt splenic injury following trauma. The aim of this study was to assess splenic function of patients who were embolised. A clinical study was performed. Splenic function was assessed by examining the antibody response ...
Kaya Elif E Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, - - 2014
Distomolars are defined as the supernumerary teeth that erupt distal to the third molar. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of distomolars in permanent dentition in a non-syndromic Turkish subpopulation. A total of 10 111 panoramic radiographs of patients aged 18 years and over, who had no ...
Dieleman Nikki N From the Departments of Radiology (N.D., A.G.v.d.K., A.A.H., P.R.L., J.H.) and Neurology (C.J.M.F.); and Neurology and Brain Center Rudolf Magnus (S.J.v.V.), University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands. - - 2014
In this retrospective case series study, we used 7.0 tesla MRI to describe patterns of intracranial vessel wall abnormalities in relation to ischemic infarcts in 9 patients with different intracranial vessel wall pathologies. A patient-specific clinical imaging protocol was obtained after regular clinical workup, including a fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and ...
Vaughn Byron P BP *Center for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Division of Gastroenterology, Beth-Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and †Division of Gastroenterology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
Infliximab (IFX) is effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease; however, the effect is often not durable. It is unknown if proactive therapeutic concentration monitoring (TCM) of IFX improves outcomes. This is a retrospective observational study examining the use of proactive TCM and titration of IFX to a target ...
Fouad Shawky A SA Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Giardia intestinalis triggers symptoms of functional dyspepsia. The aim of this study was to distinguish genotypes of G. intestinalis isolated from dyspeptic patients to evaluate their correlation with dyspeptic symptoms. Methods: In total, 120 dyspeptic subjects were investigated by upper endoscopy, including gastric and duodenal biopsies for histopathological examination, ...
Schernthaner Christiana C Department of Cardiology, Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburger Landeskliniken, Salzburg, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the association of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) with other forms of arrhythmia in individual patients and its consequences for treatment. Subjects and Methods: This study comprised 493 consecutive patients aged 16-88 years (296 women and 197 men) who were ...
Falkensammer Jürgen J Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Wilhelminen hospital, Vienna, Austria; Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular morbidity is high among patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitive cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTnT) to predict cardiovascular complications in male patients with Fontaine stage II PAOD. 68 men with ...
Oylumlu Muhammed M Department of Cardiology, Dumlupinar University School of Medicine, Kutahya, - - 2014
Objective: It was the aim of this study to investigate the effects of the right lateral decubitus, left lateral decubitus and supine lying position on P-wave dispersion (PWD) in patients with heart failure (HF). Subjects and Methods: Seventeen patients with HF whose ejection fraction was <35% were included in the ...
Hirota Morihisa M Division of Gastroenterology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi, - - 2014
A nationwide survey was conducted to clarify the epidemiological features of patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in Japan. In the first survey, both the prevalence and the incidence of CP in 2011 were estimated. In the second survey, the clinicoepidemiological features of the patients were clarified by mailed questionnaires. Patients ...
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