Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1015
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Opreanu Razvan C - - 2010
Hematocrit (Hct), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and heart rate (HR) are considered to closely correlate with hypovolemia in injured patients. The clinical importance of these parameters in the early recognition of occult but clinically significant hemorrhage remains to be demonstrated. We undertook this study to assess the clinical importance of ...
Poca Maria Antonia - - 2010
OBJECT: Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is increasingly used in the treatment of patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. However, neurological deterioration may exist independent from intracranial hypertension. This study aimed to present the findings of continuous ICP monitoring in a cohort of patients with malignant MCA infarction and ...
Garg Anil Kumar - - 2010
We analyzed the records of 44 patients with moyamoya disease evaluated and treated at our Institute from 1998 until 2007. Out of 44 patients, 18 (41%) were in the paediatric age group and 26 (59%) were adults. Presentation was ischemic in 14 (32%) and hemorrhagic in 30 patients (68%). Revascularization ...
Arnold Marcel - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (sVADs) mainly cause cerebral ischemia, with or without associated local symptoms and signs (headache, neck pain, or cervical radiculopathy), or with local symptoms and signs only. METHODS: We compared the presenting characteristics of consecutive patients with single sVADs and ischemic events and those ...
Hirohata M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The present study aims to clarify the clinical features of non-hypertensive cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (CAA-L-ICH). METHODS: We investigated clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings in 41 patients (30, women; 11, men) with pathologically supported CAA-L-ICH from 303 non-hypertensive Japanese patients aged >OR=55, identified via a ...
Harms Mark P M - - 2010
Leg crossing increases arterial pressure and combats symptomatic orthostatic hypotension in patients with sympathetic failure. This study compared the central and cerebrovascular effects of leg crossing in patients with sympathetic failure and healthy controls. We addressed the relationship between MCA Vmean (middle cerebral artery blood velocity; using transcranial Doppler ultrasound), ...
Martínez-Hernández Eugenia - - 2010
The frequency, clinical presentation, radiological features, and prognosis of remote cerebral hematomas (rPH) are not well known. We report our experience in patients treated with intravenous rt-PA. We reviewed our database of consecutive patients treated at our hospital from 1999 to 2008. We used the inclusion/exclusion criteria of the ECASS-2 ...
Andaluz Norberto - - 2010
The usefulness of dynamic perfusion computerized tomography for early diagnosis of stroke is well established. However, limited data exists to assess the value of PCT in the evaluation of patients with chronic cerebral ischemia. The purpose of the study was to assess the utility of perfusion computerized tomography with acetazolamide ...
Sheth Kevin N - - 2010
Hematoma volume is a major determinant of outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Accurate volume measurements are critical for predicting outcome and are thought to be more difficult in patients with oral anticoagulation-related ICH (OAT-ICH) due to a higher frequency of irregular shape. We examined hematoma shape and methods ...
Taccone Fabio Silvio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Altered brain perfusion may play an important role in the development of sepsis-associated encephalopathy. However, whether or not cerebral autoregulation (CA) is preserved in such condition has been debated. CA is dependent on cerebral vascular tone, the main determinant of which is the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2). The ...
Rosa Rafael Fabiano Machado - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the central nervous system (CNS) alterations present in a sample of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) patients, trying to correlate them with other clinical features. METHOD: Seventeen patients with diagnosis of OAVS were evaluated. All presented radiological evaluation of the CNS, normal GTG-Banding karyotype and clinical features involving at ...
Pizza Fabio - - 2010
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) of the obstructive type causes hemodynamic consequences, leading to an increased cerebrovascular risk. The severity of SDB at which detrimental circulatory consequences appear is matter of controversy. Aim of the present study is the investigation of cerebral hemodynamics in patients with SDB of variable severity using ...
Schebesch Karl-Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vascular neurosurgery faces the controversial discussion about the need for deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest (dh/ca) for the treatment of complex cerebral aneurysms. In this retrospective analysis, we present our experience in the treatment of 26 giant and large cerebral aneurysms under profound hypothermia and circulatory arrest. METHODS: All ...
Miketic Joyce K - - 2010
Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage experience myocardial injury at the time of rupture, but its effect on functional recovery and disability is unclear. To describe the prevalence of myocardial injury, as indicated by high serum levels of cardiac troponin I (≥0.3 ng/mL), within the first 5 days after aneurysmal subarachnoid ...
Klose Marianne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) has recently been reported as a common cause of chronic hypopituitarism, and introduction of routine neuroendocrine screening has been advocated. We aimed at estimating the risk of hypopituitarism after SAH using strict criteria including confirmatory testing in case of suggested insufficiency. DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation with ...
Yeo Sang Seok - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: A connection of fibers between corticospinal tracts (CSTs) at the pons, originating from the CST of the affected hemisphere, has been observed in hemiparetic patients with stroke. The authors investigated the incidence and the clinical significance of transpontine connection of fibers (TCFs) in hemiparetic patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), ...
Kivelev Juri - - 2010
OBJECT: Intraventricular cavernomas (IVCs) occur in only 2-10% of patients with cerebral cavernomas. Reports concerning IVC are scarce and are limited mostly to sporadic case reports. In this paper, the authors present a series of 12 patients with IVCs that were treated at a single neurosurgical department. In addition, the ...
Dankbaar Jan W - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Triple-H therapy and its separate components (hypervolemia, hemodilution, and hypertension) aim to increase cerebral perfusion in subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients with delayed cerebral ischemia. We systematically reviewed the literature on the effect of triple-H components on cerebral perfusion in SAH patients. METHODS: We searched medical databases to identify all ...
Ozdemir Halil - - 2010
Hyponatremia is the most frequent electrolyte disorder in critically ill neurological patients. The major differential diagnoses in this situation are the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, marked by inappropriate retention of free water, and cerebral salt wasting, characterized by excessive urinary loss of sodium and resulting in polyuria and ...
Hoff Reinier G - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary edema (PED) is a severe complication after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). PED is often treated with diuretics and a reduction in fluid intake, but this may cause intravascular volume depletion, which is associated with secondary ischemia after SAH. We prospectively studied intravascular volume in SAH patients with and ...
Moritz Stefan - - 2010
Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100B protein have been shown to be increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage. This study was designed to evaluate the accuracy of NSE and S100B from CSF and serum for the prognosis of outcome and the detection of cerebral ...
Sorimachi Takatoshi - - 2010
Three patients developed hemorrhage in the splenium of the corpus callosum 2 weeks after the onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) associated with acute hydrocephalus. Computed tomography performed a few days after the onset showed a low density area in the splenium of corpus callosum in all three patients, and preventive ...
Epker Jelle L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The incidence of methanol (CH3OH) intoxication differs enormously from country to country. Methanol intoxication is extremely rare in the Dutch population. Even a low dose can already be potentially lethal. Patients are conventionally treated with hemodialysis. Therefore we'd like to present a report of a foreign sailor in Rotterdam ...
Gahn G - - 2010
In patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, recanalization rates with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) are limited. Aim- We evaluated the feasibility and safety of combined IV thrombolysis with abciximab and reduced dose rtPA in a 3- to 6-h time window. We prospectively (March 2002 to ...
Kiefer Michael M Department of Neurosurgery, Saarland University Medical School, Homburg-Saar, Germany. - - 2010
The objective was to assess whether idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) has a worse prognosis than other forms of hydrocephalus, as has been suggested. A total of 125 patients with chronic hydrocephalus, 75 of whom suffered from iNPH and the remaining (non-INPH) from sNPH or non-communicating hydrocephalus, were shunted using gravitational ...
Kwak So Young SY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Republic of - - 2010
Contribution by the unaffected hemisphere is one of the motor recovery mechanisms following stroke. We attempted to investigate changes in the corticospinal tract (CST) in the unaffected hemisphere at the early stage in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). Fifty-three consecutive hemiparetic patients and 40 age- ...
Crowley R Webster - - 2010
Involvement of the nervous system is not uncommon in patients with multiple myeloma, with polyneuropathy and myelopathy predominating. Intracranial involvement producing neurological symptoms, however, is distinctly uncommon. Massive intraparenchymal hemorrhage from a previously unrecognized intracranial plasmacytoma is exceedingly rare. The authors report the case of a 57-year-old male who presented ...
Dietmann Anelia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria-specifically, cerebral malaria-are still unclear. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family members are important regulators of inflammation that influence malaria pathogenesis. The soluble form of the auxiliary receptor endoglin (sEng) may play a role in malaria pathogenesis. METHODS: Serum ...
Sharma Aseem - - 2010
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has been rarely described in the setting of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). However, existing studies have even more rarely addressed the imaging pattern of PRES-related intracranial hemorrhage. The primary purpose of this study was to define the imaging characteristics of subarachnoid and intraparenchymal hemorrhage in the ...
Schubert Gerrit Alexander - - 2009
The acute neurological deficit present immediately after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) correlates with overall outcome. Only limited data are available to quantify changes in cerebral perfusion in this acute phase, and this study sought to characterize those changes within the first 12 h post-SAH. Xenon contrast-enhanced CT scanning was performed in ...
Agid R - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CTA is becoming the frontline modality to reveal aneurysms in patients with SAH. However, in about 20% of SAH patients no aneurysm is found. In these cases, intra-arterial DSA is still performed. Our aim was to evaluate whether negative findings on CTA can reliably exclude aneurysms in ...
Cho A-H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between the presence of cerebral microbleeds and poor kidney function in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We retrospectively examined consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent gradient echo MRI. The presence of cerebral microbleeds on gradient echo MRI was independently interpreted. The number and ...
Chang Ming-Yang - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are two subtypes of hemorrhagic stroke that may cause severe complications in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The differences in clinical features between SAH and ICH associated with ADPKD are not known. METHODS: Among 647 ADPKD patients hospitalized between 1997 ...
Izenberg Aaron - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diagnosis of transient ischemic attack can be difficult because many mimics exist. We report the clinical and neuroimaging features of a distinct hemorrhagic transient ischemic attack mimic. METHODS: Case series. RESULTS: We describe 4 elderly patients presenting with a cluster of stereotyped somatosensory migraine auras, initially referred ...
Martin Gemma Escartin - - 2009
OBJECT: Olfactory dysfunction has an important impact on quality of life. In patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), anosmia has mainly been reported after surgery for aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA). The authors studied whether and how frequently patients with ACoA aneurysms present with smell identification deficits in 2 ...
Kassab Mounzer Y - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the incidence and extent of the occasionally noted hypotension after intravenous (IV) infusions of fosphenytoin (FOS) and levetiracetam (LEV) in patients presenting with acute cerebral symptoms. METHODS: Retrospective data collection of consecutive patients with acute cerebral symptoms who received IV infusions of a single dose of 750 ...
Woznica Michal - - 2010
PURPOSE: Between 15 and 30 % of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have no bleeding source and usually have a benign clinical course and outcome. The objectives of this study were to classify the pattern of blood distribution on initial computed tomography (CT) and to correlate it with clinical outcome ...
Wong George K C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the experience with Onyx embolisation of cerebral arteriovenous malformation. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: A regional neurosurgical centre in Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Data of patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformation who underwent Onyx embolisation over a 14-month period were prospectively collected. RESULTS: Eleven sessions of Onyx embolisation were performed ...
Clergeau Marie-Rose - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pulmonary embolism is thought to be associated with a small but definite risk of paradoxical embolism in patients with a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Although neurological complications are infrequent, the incidence of clinically silent brain infarction is unknown. We assessed the rate of clinically apparent and silent ...
Javalkar Vijayakumar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery is an effective treatment strategy for selected group of patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the obliteration rates, complications, and patient outcomes after Gamma knife radiosurgery for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in eloquent regions of the brain ...
Dikanovi? Marinko - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess the possible correlation between catecholamine and cortisol levels and changes in cerebral hemodynamics in patients with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The study included 50 patients with chronic PTSD first ever hospitalized for psychiatric treatment and 50 healthy control subjects. All study ...
Kawashima M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An ivy sign is considered to represent diffuse leptomeningeal collaterals found on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images of patients with Moyamoya disease. We evaluated the correlation between unilateral ivy proliferation in a hemisphere and cerebrovascular hemodynamic status to learn the clinical significance of the ivy sign. MATERIALS ...
Staykov Dimitre - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Both intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) and lumbar drainage (LD) may reduce the need for exchange of external ventricular drainage (EVD) and shunt surgery in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and severe intraventricular hemorrhage. We investigated the feasibility and safety of IVF followed by early LD for the treatment of ...
Kuriyama Nagato - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs) have attracted attention as blood coagulation-promoting, endothelial cell-activating factors. The objective of this study was to determine the parameters associated with elevated PDMP levels and examine their relationship with atherosclerotic lesions of main intracranial and extracranial arteries. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants included a control group (C) ...
Pennekamp C W A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) for identification of patients at risk for cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) cannot be performed in 10-15% of patients because of the absence of a temporal bone window. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) may be of additional value in these patients. We aimed to (1) ...
Carrera Emmanuel - - 2009
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is widely used to monitor the temporal course of vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but its ability to predict clinical deterioration or infarction from delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) remains controversial. We sought to determine the prognostic utility of serial TCD examination after SAH. We analyzed 1877 TCD ...
Zheng L Z - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Because of the relatively rare and extremely varied clinical presentations, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the auriculae are technically challenging clinical entities to diagnose and, ultimately, manage. The purpose of our study was to present our initial experience of ethanol embolization in a series of 17 patients with ...
Ferro José M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diagnostic delay of cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis may have an impact on outcome. METHODS: In the International Study on Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis (ISCVT) cohort (624 patients with cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis), we analyzed the predictors and the impact on outcome ...
Vergouwen Mervyn D I - - 2009
The pathogenesis of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unknown. Besides vasospasm, microthrombosis might have an important function. As in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura an A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease with ThromboSpondin repeats-13 (ADAMTS13) deficiency leads to higher concentrations of large von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers ...
Incecik Faruk - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological disorder characterized by signs of posterior cerebral edema upon radiographic examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of nine children with the diagnosis of PRES. RESULTS: Of the nine patients, seven were receiving immunosuppressive therapy and two were acute ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >