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Results 601 - 650 of 1643
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Ma Chi-Cheng - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Global field synchronization (GFS) can measure functional synchronization in frequency-domain electroencephalogram (EEG) data. The aim of this study is to explore GFS values and its clinical significance for severity of cognitive decline in AD. EEGs were recorded from 37 AD ...
Bakri Sophie J - - 2013
Abstract We present a case of retinopathy found incidentally in an asymptomatic patient receiving treatment with interferon beta 1a for multiple sclerosis. She was found to have peripheral dot and blot hemorrhages with no cotton wool spots. It is possible that interferon beta 1a retinopathy is more common than previously ...
Kalim Shahid - - 2013
Protocols based on newer high sensitivity Troponin T (hsTropT) assays can rule in a suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) as early as 3 hours. We conducted this study to audit adherence to our Trust's newly introduced AMI diagnostic protocol based on paired hsTropT testing at 0 and 3 hours. We ...
Najam-ud-Din - - 2013
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is manifested by presence of pitting oedema, profound proteinuria in excess of 3.5 g/day, serum albumin levels of less than 3.0 g/dL and hypercholesterolemia. This study was conducted to determine the frequency and clinical presentation of nephrotic syndrome in patients coming to a tertiary care hospital. This ...
Khan Zahoor Aslam - - 2013
Secundum atrial septal defect is a common congenital heart disease. Amplatzer septal occluder has become the most commonly used device for its closure. This study was conducted to determine the safety and outcome of atrial septal defect closure with the Amplatzer septal occlude (ASO). This Case-series was conducted at Armed ...
Katarzynska-Szymanska Agnieszka A Department of Cardiology - First Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy and impaired diastolic and systolic function. Abnormal sympathetic-parasympathetic balance is a potential stimulus for left ventricular hypertrophy in HCM patients. β-Blockers are routinely used in HCM for their strong negative inotropic effect; however, these drugs also influence the sympathetic-parasympathetic balance. This ...
Erdem Vildan V Department of Dentistry, Atatürk University Dental Faculty, Erzurum, - - 2013
Several lines of evidence indicate that oral microbial flora play a critical role in the pathogenesis of Behçet disease. Saliva flow rate, buffer capacity and microorganism content are very important in the maintenance of oral health. We aimed to evaluate saliva flow rate, pH, buffer capacity and Streptococcus mutans and ...
Extramiana Fabrice - - 2013
In the long QT syndrome (LQTS) the effects of beta-blocker treatment on prevention of cardiac events differs according to the genotype. We aimed to assess the effect of beta-blocker treatment on QT/QTc duration in Type 1 LQTS (LQT1) and Type 2 LQTS (LQT2) patients. 24-hour digital Holter ECG were recorded ...
Zheng Gang G Department of Neurosurgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Chinese PLA Postgraduate Medical School, Beijing 100853, - - 2013
Knowledge of the plasticity of language pathways in patients with low-grade glioma is important for neurosurgeons to achieve maximum resection while preserving neurological function. The current study sought to investigate changes in the ventral language pathways in patients with low-grade glioma located in regions likely to affect the dorsal language ...
Rienstra Michiel M Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, the - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of beta blockade on outcome in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Beta-blockers are widely used in patients with HF and AF. Recommendation in current HF guidelines, however, is based on populations in which the most patients ...
Lee Meng-Rui - - 2013
There is paucity of risk factors on lung function decline among patients with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) pulmonary disease in literature. Patients with NTM pulmonary disease between January 2000 and April 2011 were retrospectively selected. Sixty-eight patients had at least two pulmonary function tests within a mean follow-up period of 47 ...
de-Wit Lee H LH Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; e-mail: - - 2013
We report converging evidence that higher stages of the visual system are critically required for the whole to become more than the sum of its parts by studying patient DF with visual agnosia using a configural superiority paradigm. We demonstrate a clear dissociation between this patient and normal controls such ...
Heyer Eric J EJ Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, New York, 10032, United States of America ; Department of Neurology, Columbia University, New York, 10032, United States of - - 2013
Our previous work demonstrates that asymptomatic carotid endarterectomy (CEA) patients demonstrate less perioperative neurologic injury, defined as stroke and early cognitive dysfunction (eCD) observed within 24hr of CEA, when taking statins pre-operatively. This study examines whether the incidence of eCD observed 24hr after asymptomatic CEA varies as a function of ...
Mirfeizi Zahra Z Rheumatic Diseases Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical - - 2013
Lung disorders are important for prognosis of connective tissue disease (CTD). Thus, chest radiography, High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) of the chest and ultrasonic echocardiogram are suggested after the diagnosis of these conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate chest HRCT findings in patients with CTD. In this ...
Mousavi Seyed Ali-Javad SA Research Center of Respiratory Diseases, Rasoule-Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical - - 2013
This descriptive study aimed to determine the serum level of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) in patients with severe asthma. The serum level of AAT was determined in 43 patients with severe asthma. Pulmonary function tests were performed and data were analyzed by SPPS version 19 software. The mean age of patients ...
Yazdani Rostam R Department of Internal Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the only cause of mortality and morbidity with an increasing incidence. Adiponectin has recently gained the spotlight for its possible association with COPD or its exacerbation. This study evaluated the association of serum and alveolar adiponectin levels with COPD-related variables. This analytical cross-sectional study ...
Lu Yuan-Hua YH ICU, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital, Nanchang 330006, - - 2013
This study aimed to observe the effect of early goal directed therapy (EGDT) on tissue perfusion, microcirculation and tissue oxygenation in patients with septic shock. Patients with early septic shock (<24 hours) who had been admitted to the ICU of Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University from September 2009 through ...
Wu Xiao-Ling XL Intensive Care Unit, Wuhan Central Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430014, - - 2013
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) are known as important factors, which mediate a variety of functions in terms of vascular homeostasis, inflammation and tissue repair. However, their role in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) has been less well studied. This study aimed to test the ...
Unalp Omer O Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, ─░zmir, - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to review retrospectively the data of 10 patient who were treated and followed-up in our clinic and to review the current approaches in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). We reviewed 10 patients retrospectively who were operated on and had the diagnosis of ...
Yüksel Meral M Deparment of Medical Laboratory Technicianship, Vocational School of Health Related Professions, Marmara University, ─░stanbul, - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate the matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) level and MMP-9 gene polymorphism in sleep apnea patients with or without cardiovascular disease. Case-control study. Two hundred nine patients [Mean age (±SD), 47 (±12) yrs; M/F, 170/39] diagnosed ...
Ciftdemir Mert M Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, - - 2012
Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS) is an uncommon lesion seen mainly in children and adolescents. A retrospective analysis of 12 patients with AARS treated non-operatively is presented in this study. Twelve patients with AARS who were treated non-operatively were evaluated retrospectively in terms of recent trauma and respiratory tract infection history, ...
Batchelor John Stephen - - 2012
Introduction. Anticoagulation abnormalities have been recognized for several decades as potential risk factors for increasing the risk of traumatic intracranial haemorrhage in patients with blunt head trauma. The potential increased risk of death as a consequence has not been fully evaluated. The aim of the study was to perform a ...
Nakamura Tadashi - - 2012
Objectives. To compare the effectiveness of an alkylating agent with that of a biologic agent in the treatment of patients with amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis secondary to RA and to assess the association of the serum AA (SAA) 1.3 allele with treatment.Methods. CYC and etanercept (ETN) were administered to 62 ...
Oluwasola Ao A Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, - - 2012
The seroprevalence of anti-H. pylori IgA antibodies has been reported to vary among populations and in relation to strains of Helicobacter pylori bacterium. However, there has been conflicting reports on the association between IgA serological status and the histological variables of chronic gastritis. This study was therefore conducted to clarify ...
Dönmez Halil H Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Erciyes University, Gevher Nesibe Hospital, Kayseri, - - 2012
To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy in patients with contraindicated percutaneous biopsy. Between June 2005 and April 2010, 97 patients who were admitted for transjugular liver biopsy were enrolled in this retrospective study. All liver biopsies were obtained using an 18 gauge Quick-Core liver biopsy set ...
Lafeber Melvin - - 2012
Aim: Based on guidelines, patients with established cardiovascular disease are likely to already receive a combination of aspirin, a statin, and blood pressure (BP)-lowering agents. Combining these pharmacological agents into a cardiovascular polypill could be considered in these patients to reduce prescription gaps and non-adherence. We aimed to assess the ...
Hwang Sung Min - - 2012
Although there have been many studies about onychomycosis due to nondermatophytic molds (NDM), few studies about etiologic agents including NDM in onychomycosis have been reported in Korea. This study investigated onychomycosis due to NDM in the Gyeongju area of Korea. In the 10-year period from 1999~2009, we reviewed 59 patients ...
Baxi Shrujal S SS Head and Neck Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2012
Agents such as aflibercept, which target the angiogenic pathway, are of great interest as candidates for the management of metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer. Here, we report a patient who developed a hemorrhagic abdominal pseudoaneurysm shortly after being started on this drug. The patient was a 67-year-old woman being treated with ...
Nair Girish B - - 2012
There are no approved pharmacologic agents to enhance mucus clearance in non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. Evidence supports the use of hyperosmolar agents in CF, and studies with inhaled mannitol and hypertonic saline are ongoing in bronchiectasis. N-acetylcysteine may act more as an antioxidant than a mucolytic in other lung diseases. ...
Baxi Shrujal S - - 2012
Background: Agents like aflibercept, which target the angiogenic pathway, are of great interest as candidates for the management of metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer. Here we report a patient who developed a hemorrhagic abdominal pseudoaneurysm shortly after being started on this drug. Patient findings: The patient was a 67-year-old woman being ...
Louza Julia Palo Rodrigues - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess whether gadolinium-based contrast agent influences short-term hearing function in patients with Ménière disease undergoing intratympanically enhanced inner-ear magnetic resonance imaging. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted a tertiary referral university hospital, ENT department. PARTICIPANTS: In ...
Razi Ebrahim E Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2012
High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is an inflammatory marker known to be related to inflammation, infection, and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate hs-CRP level in serum of asthmatics and its relationship with pulmonary function tests, serum IgE levels, and peripheral blood white blood cell (WBC) ...
Zendah Inès I Abderrahmane Mami Hospital of Thoracic Diseases. Department I of Pneumology. 2080. Ariana, - - 2012
A 67- year old man presented with cough, weight loss and night sweats. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy did not show any abnormality. Chest computed tomography scan revealed peribronchovascular thickening, sheathing and narrowing of some bronchi. There were also mediastinal and interbronchial Lymphadenopathies. The patient became lost to follow-up. He presented 5 years ...
Taherzadeh Maryam M Department of Pulmonology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory chronic disease which is believed to be a multi organ condition. The prevalence of ulcerative colitis is reportedly increasing in Iran presenting with the same clinical characteristics as in developing countries. Pulmonary manifestations of ulcerative colitis are increasingly reported. In this study, we investigated the ...
Loew Burr J - - 2011
Patients with ulcerative colitis uniformly have disease involving the distal colon. When patients have disease limited to the left colon or symptoms suggestive of active rectal inflammation, guidelines recommend topical rectal therapies as first-line agents either as monotherapy or in conjunction with oral products. Rectal delivery modalities offer the advantage ...
Nolte Christian H - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Insonation of the occluded target vessel (sonothrombolysis) has been reported to increase the effect of intravenous thrombolysis in ischemic stroke. Its use has predominantly been described in middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. Sufficient insonation conditions are a mandatory precondition. The impact of these limitations on eligibility rates ...
Ranasinghe Isuru - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Negative ionotropic agents are established treatments for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, their benefit in those with LVOTO without typical HCM is unclear. We evaluated if negative ionotropic agents are beneficial in treatment of LVOTO in patients without typical HCM. METHOD: In this ...
Solazzo A - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to verify the effectiveness of compensatory postures, suggested on the basis of the type of dysphagia identified at videofluoromanometric (VFM) investigation to ensure safe oropharyngeal transit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) underwent speech therapy assessment and VFM investigation of the ...
Ditrich Oleg - - 2011
A brain abscess caused by Encephalitozoon cuniculi genotype I together with Streptococcus intermedius occurred in a patient without major immunocompromise and with diabetes. The distinguishing clinical signs were hemiparesis and epilepsy. The microsporidium was observed in the abscess aspirate, and its specific DNA was also detected in stool and urine. ...
Yeo Lehana - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease is an extrapyramidal neurological disorder. Although motor symptoms are a predominant feature of the condition, non-motor symptoms have also been recognized. Urinary symptoms are frequently present in patients affected with Parkinson's disease (PD). Symptoms such as urgency, frequency, nocturia and urge incontinence significantly impact the patient's quality ...
Ichikawa Mizuho - - 2011
The rapidity of response to induction therapy is emerging as an important prognostic factor in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Urine inorganic phosphate (IP) and uric acid (UA) may increase in patients with acute leukemia who undergo their induction chemotherapy, owing to the breakdown ...
Bach-Gansmo Tore - - 2011
Objective:  During a short period of 10 days, four patients presented with intense extraosseous uptake of a technetium-labelled bone-seeking agent, three in the heart and one in the liver at our hospital. During the next 6 weeks, identical heart uptake was found in another two patients. Two patients were re-examined, with identical ...
Menendez-Gonzalez Manuel - - 2011
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) might alter cerebral hemodynamics. Impairment of vasomotor reactivity may constitute a biomarker of amyloid angiopathy and therefore it may be useful to distinguish disorders with CAA from other conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the vasomotor reactivity in two conditions characterized by CAA: ...
Jangjoo Ali - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Acute appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency in children and young adults. There are a lot of serotonin-containing cells in the appendix, which release serotonin into the bloodstream in response to inflammation. Consequently, serotonin is converted to 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and secreted into the urine. On this basis, ...
Lin L C - - 2011
We previously found that a blood urea nitrogen/creatinine (BUN/Cr) ratio>15 is an independent predictor of early neurological deterioration after acute ischemic stroke, which suggests that dehydration may be a cause of early deterioration. The aim of this study was to determine whether urine specific gravity, which is another indicator of ...
Minardi Daniele - - 2011
PURPOSE: We present a case series of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction treated by sacral neuromodulation (SNM). METHODS: We reviewed charts of 25 patients who were treated for refractory lower urinary tract symptoms; during the SNM testing phase, patient management included evaluation of number ...
Fernández Mario I MI Department of Urology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
Cytology and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) (Urovysion) assay are often used during upper urinary tract surveillance in patients following radical cystectomy with urinary diversion, without much available data regarding efficacy in this population. Here, we evaluate the value of FISH and cytology in detecting upper tract recurrence in the ...
Bakken Gry Vibeke - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Quetiapine is an atypical antipsychotic drug that was recently also approved for the treatment of uni- and bipolar depression. The antidepressive response is considered to be mediated by the metabolite N-desalkylquetiapine, and the aim of this study was to assess the interindividual pharmacokinetic variability of quetiapine and N-desalkylquetiapine in ...
Badalato Gina M - - 2011
Patients undergoing urinary diversion are at high risk for developing stone disease due to the metabolic and structural features intrinsic to the creation of a urinary reservoir. The utilization of shockwave lithotripsy as well as antegrade and retrograde endoscopic techniques in appropriately selected patients affords a relatively safe and effective ...
Ghadir Mr M Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, - - 2011
BACKGROUND Propofol is used as a sedative drug during colonoscopy. In this study we analyzed the adverse effects of propofol (i.e., hemodynamic and respiratory) on patients who underwent colonoscopies. METHODS This study was performed in Qom Province, Iran. In this study, 125 patients (63 females, 62 males) were enrolled. Study ...
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