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Results 601 - 650 of 3366
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Wada Mayumi M Oral Diagnosis and Medicine, Department of Oral Pathobiological Science, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, North 13, West 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8586, Japan, - - 2014
We describe two patients with anti-BP180-type mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP), who were correctly diagnosed and treated in early stages through the cooperation of dentists and dermatologists. Patient 1 was a 74-year-old woman who visited our dental department due to blisters over the oral mucosa and eruptions on the skin. She ...
Glass Lisa M LM Section of Gastroenterology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, - - 2014
Given the rising epidemics of obesity and metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is now the most common cause of liver disease in the developed world. Effective treatment for NASH, either to reverse or prevent the progression of hepatic fibrosis, is currently lacking. To define the predictors associated with improved hepatic ...
Aarli Bernt B BB Institute of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway Dept of Thoracic Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway - - 2014
The forced oscillation technique can identify expiratory flow limitation (EFL) when a large difference in inspiratory and expiratory reactance (ΔXrs) occurs. However, flow limitation can vary from breath to breath, and so we compared a multiple-breath ΔXrs approach to the traditional breath-by-breath assessment of EFL. We investigated the within- and ...
Copson E R ER Cancer Sciences Academic Unit and University of Southampton Clinical Trials Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton Foundation Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton. UK - - 2014
Obese breast cancer patients have a poorer prognosis than non-obese patients. We examined data from a large prospective cohort study to explore the associations of obesity with tumour pathology, treatment and outcome in young British breast cancer patients receiving modern oncological treatments. 2956 patients aged ≤40 at breast cancer diagnosis ...
Ganapathi Karthik A KA Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, United - - 2014
Germline GATA2 gene mutations, leading to haploinsufficiency have been identified in patients with familial myelodysplastic syndrome/ acute myeloid leukemia (MDS/AML), monocytopenia and mycobacterial infections (MonoMAC), Emberger syndrome, and dendritic cell, monocyte, B and NK-cell deficiency (DCML). GATA2 mutations have also been reported in a minority of patients with congenital neutropenia ...
Miura Masanobu M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of - - 2014
Microalbuminuria, traditionally defined as urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 mg/g, is a risk factor for mortality even in patients with preserved glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The prognostic impact of subclinical microalbuminuria, however, remains unknown in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).Methods and Results:In the Chronic Heart Failure Analysis and Registry in the ...
Steffen Robert J RJ Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Patients on peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are at risk for lower extremity ischemia. Effective monitoring is needed to identify complications quickly and allow timely correction. Near-infrared spectroscopy has been used extensively in cerebral monitoring during cardiac surgery. We present its use in monitoring lower extremity perfusion in patients on ...
Ozayar Asim A Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Equivocal uretero-pelvic junction obstruction (EqUPJO) refers to patients with clinical symptoms and/or other radiologic suggestion of possible UPJO, but with inconclusive results of obstruction on a diuretic renogram (DRG). We herein evaluate long-term outcomes of patients with EqUPJO who have undergone minimally invasive pyeloplasty (MIP). We performed a retrospective analysis ...
Nijenkamp Louise L A M LL Department of Physiology, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Differences in cardiac physiology are seen between males and females in health and disease. Sex differences start to develop at puberty and are maintained during aging. A higher prevalence of men is seen in almost all cardiovascular diseases, and disease progression tends to be more severe in male than in ...
Jafari Naser N Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran; Department of Cell & Molecular Biology, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the expression of the major components of microRNA biogenesis machinery including Drosha, Dicer and DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The expression levels of these components in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients were significantly up-regulated in comparison to healthy ...
Li Li L Department of Neurology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, - - 2014
To study the role of brain responses to thermal stimulation in outcome prediction of patients in either vegetative or minimally conscious states. We performed a prospective study with 22 patients and used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and EEG reactivity (EEG-R) tests in conjunction with thermal stimulation. We conducted thermal ...
Davila Carlos D CD Department of Medicine, Einstein Medical Center , Philadelphia, PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract The effectiveness of aspirin and clopidogrel in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) suffering from acute cardiovascular events is unclear. High on treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) has been associated with worse outcomes. Here, we assessed the association of dipstick proteinuria (DP) and renal function on HTPR and clinical outcomes. ...
Jiang Huanhuan H Skin Cancer Unit, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg and Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, University Medical Center Mannheim, Ruprecht-Karl University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany; Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
Chronic inflammation is considered to be one of the hallmarks for tumor initiation and progression. Moreover, a long-term production and accumulation of inflammatory factors leads to a local and systemic immunosuppression associated with cancer progression. However, the correlation between inflammatory mediators, immunosuppressive cells and the clinical outcome of malignant melanoma ...
Higashihara Eiji E Department of ADPKD Research, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 6-20-2 Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8611, Japan, - - 2014
The total kidney volume (TKV) and total liver volume (TLV) increase and renal function decreases progressively in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Somatostatin analogues, such as octreotide, reduce these increases in TKV and TLV. The aim of this study was to examine the safety of the short-term ...
Szmigielska-Kaplon Anna A Department of Hematology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
The bone marrow niche functions are modulated by complicated cytokines network. The aim of our study was to evaluate the levels of VCAM-1, VEGF, MMP-9 and SDF during mobilization of CD34+ cells in patients with hematological malignancies. Thirty four patients were enrolled to the study (19F, 15 M) at median ...
Kurt Semiha S Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; Department of Neurology, Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine, Tokat, - - 2014
Objectives: We did a retrospective analysis of the clinical, pathological, and electrophysiological features of 21 cases of asymptomatic vasculitic neuropathy (AsVN). Methods: Among 270 patients with biopsy proven vasculitic neuropathy, we identified 21 (7.8%) who had asymptomatic neuropathy. Results: Of the 21 patients with AsVN, 11 were women and 10 ...
Caria Stefania - - 2014
Infrequent dialysis, namely once-a-week session combined with very low-protein, low-phosphorus diet supplemented with ketoacids was reported as a useful treatment schedule for ESRD patients with markedly reduced residual renal function but preserved urine output. This study reports our findings from the application of a weekly dialysis schedule plus less severe ...
Kang Ky K Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Incheon St Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea , Incheon , South - - 2014
Objectives: The formation of spinal syndesmophytes is an important outcome measure in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) but the predictors of new syndesmophyte development in female AS patients are unknown. This longitudinal study aimed to assess the rate and predictors of development of new syndesmophytes over a 2-year period in female AS ...
Okada S S Department of Paediatrics, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine , Ube , - - 2014
Objectives: To establish the optimal inflammation control of Kawasaki disease (KD), we investigated the clinical and pathophysiological basis of pericardial effusion (PE) during the acute phase of KD. Method: Clinical and laboratory features of Japanese KD children with PE (PE group: n = 9) and without PE (non-PE group: n ...
Both Tim T Division of Clinical Immunology and Division of Nephrology and Transplantation, Department of Internal Medicine and Department of Immunology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Our objectives were to analyse the prevalence of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) in primary SS (pSS) and to compare a novel urinary acidification test with furosemide and fludrocortisone (FF) with the gold standard ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) to detect dRTA. Urinary acidification was assessed in 57 pSS patients using NH4Cl ...
de Havenon Adam A From the Department of Neurology (A.d.H.), University of Washington, Seattle; and the Departments of Ophthalmology (Z.J., K.D.), Radiology (L.L., L.S.), and Neurology (S.A., K.D.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City. - - 2014
To characterize a cohort of patients with the signs and symptoms of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), but with clinical and radiologic involvement of the spinal cord. We report 2 cases of PRES with spinal cord involvement and identified an additional 6 cases in the Medline database using various search ...
Navaneethan Udayakumar U Department of Gastroenterology, Digestive Disease Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA - - 2014
The comparative outcomes of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are unclear; the aim of our study was to make an objective comparison. A total of 273 patients with PSC and inflammatory bowel disease (223 with UC and 50 with CD) were ...
Cao Chun C Department of Hematology, Key Lab of Hematology of Sichuan Province, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
The human organic cation transporter 1 (hOCT1) is the major active influx protein responsible for the transport of imatinib mesylate (IM) into cells. Previous studies have used (14)C-labeled IM to demonstrate a link between chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) molecular response and hOCT1 activity. However, this method is not convenient in ...
Jin Jianmin - - 2014
BackgroundAllergy and Aspergillus hypersensitivity (AH) were shown to be associated with severe symptoms or worse lung function in COPD patients. The prevalence of elevated total IgE (T-IgE) and its association with clinical symptoms and lung function in COPD have not been studied. The prevalence of AH and its correlation with ...
Grygorczuk Sambor S Medical University in Białystok, Department of the Infectious Diseases and Neuroinfections, ul. Żurawia 14, 15-540 Białystok, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) has a wide clinical spectrum, from asymptomatic to severe encephalitis, and host-dependent factors determining the outcome remain elusive. We have measured concentrations of pro-inflammatory/Th1 interferon-γ (IFNγ), immunomodulatory/Th2 interleukin-10 (IL-10), anti-viral type I (IFNβ) and type III (IFNλ3) interferons in cerebrospinal fluid (csf) and serum of 18 TBE ...
Faye Elodie E VariaPsy, Variability of the Response to Psychotropic Drugs, Paris Descartes and Paris Diderot Universities, Paris, France; Unit of Therapeutic Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Lariboisière Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), Paris, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether short small intestine modifies antidepressant concentrations. The Css values and concentration-dose ratios (CDRs) of citalopram or escitalopram, administered orally or intravenously, were determined in patients with short bowel syndrome. Eight patients (6 males and 2 females) were included in the study. High CDRs were ...
Pohlhammer Johannes J Division of Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Medical Genetics, Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Background. Serum concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) are elevated in various diseases. The role of this marker in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has not been fully investigated. Methods. Hs-cTnT was measured in the CAVASIC Study, a male cohort of 235 patients diagnosed with intermittent claudication and 249 age- ...
Tavares E Castro A A Pulmonology Unit, Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
International guidelines define significant bronchodilator response as absolute and percentage change from baseline in forced expiratory volume (FEV1) in the first second and/or forced vital capacity (FVC) ≥12% and 200mL. However, bronchodilator effects on other lung function parameters have also been correlated to some degree of reversible airflow limitation. To ...
Molitch Mark E ME Martha Leland Sherwin Professor of Endocrinology, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
If treatment of Cushing's disease (CD) by surgery is not successful, medical therapy is often required. Long-term use of metyrapone is limited by hirsutism and hypertension and escape because of increased ACTH levels. Although ketoconazole can normalize cortisol levels in 50%, liver toxicity limits its use. Mitotane, an adrenolytic agent, ...
Kohno Shigeru S Department of Respiratory Diseases, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To clarify the clinical features of pulmonary cryptococcosis in Japanese non-HIV population. Retrospective investigation of 151 pulmonary cryptococcosis cases between 1977 and 2012 was executed. The underlying disease (UDs), aggravating factors, radiological characteristics, and treatment were examined. Sixty-seven patients (44.4%) had no UDs. The common UDs were diabetes (32.1%) followed ...
Giossi Alessia A From the U.O. Neurologia (A.G.), Istituto Clinico S. Anna, Brescia; Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Sperimentali (P.C., A.M., L.P., I.V., V.D.G., A. Padovani, A. Pezzini), Clinica Neurologica, Università degli Studi di Brescia; U.O. di Recupero e Rieducazione Funzionale (E.D.Z.), IRCCS Fondazione Don Gnocchi, Milano; Stroke Unit (M.G.), Neurologia Vascolare, Spedali Civili di Brescia; U.O. Neurologia (P.B., G.T., M. Carletti), Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria Borgo Trento, Verona; U.O.C. Neurologia (N. Checcarelli), Ospedale Valduce, Como; Dipartimento di Neuroscienze (G.M.), Università di Padova; U.O.C. Neurologia (M.M.), Ospedale di Arzignano; S.O.C. Neurologia (M. Chinaglia), Ospedale di Rovigo; and Sezione di Biologia e Genetica (M.R., N. Chiarelli, M. Colombi), Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e Traslazionale, Università degli Studi di Brescia, - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of connective tissue abnormalities in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissections (sCeAD). We systematically assessed clinically detectable signs of connective tissue aberration in a series of consecutive patients with sCeAD and of age- and sex-matched patients with ischemic stroke unrelated to CeAD (non-CeAD IS) by a ...
Kim Yong Kyun YK Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Myongji Hospital, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Goyang, South - - 2014
In dementia patients, a deficit in activities of daily living (ADL) is one of the main problems. Our objective was to assess ADL using the Korean Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) plus cerebrovascular disease (CVD) treated with a rivastigmine patch for 24 weeks in an ...
Lee Ko-Chao KC Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital - Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms make diagnosis of amebiasis difficult. Certain colonoscopic findings predict amebic colitis while others suggest different diagnoses. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic capability of colonic evaluation of amebiasis. We retrospectively reviewed data of all amebiasis cases admitted to our institution between 2003 and 2012. Cases were diagnosed ...
Freeman Jennifer J JJ Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Mott Children's Hospital, 1540 E. Hospital Dr., SPC 4211, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-4211, USA, - - 2014
To report a previously poorly recognized process of secondary formation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like process, specifically Crohn's-like changes in pediatric surgery patients who underwent major small bowel and colorectal surgery. We describe potential etiologies, presenting symptoms and treatment approaches. Retrospective chart review of patients with history of either chronic, ...
Cachia A A 1] INSERM UMR 894, Centre de Psychiatrie & Neurosciences, Paris, France [2] Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France [3] CNRS UMR 8240, Laboratoire de Psychologie du développement et de l'Éducation de l'Enfant, Paris, France [4] Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, - - 2014
Hallucinations, and auditory hallucinations (AH) in particular, constitute the most typical and disabling schizophrenia symptoms. Although visual hallucinations (VH) have been largely neglected in psychiatric disorders, a recent review reported a 27% mean prevalence of VH in schizophrenia patients. The pathophysiology underlying VH in schizophrenia remains elusive. Several schizophrenia studies ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2014
Objective :  To describe the subtle clinical features, genetic considerations, and management of progressive postnatal pansynostosis, a rare form of multisutural craniosynostosis that insidiously occurs after birth and causes inconspicuous cranial changes. Design, Participants, Setting :  The study is a retrospective chart review of all patients diagnosed with progressive postnatal ...
Banwait Ranjit R Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Disease assessment in Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WM) is dependent on the percent involvement of B-cell neoplasm in the bone marrow and IgM paraprotein in the serum. A subset of patients also demonstrates extramedullary involvement, which is infrequently examined. The role of extramedullary involvement in the diagnosis and prognosis of WM is ...
Abe Tomoko T Department of Nephrology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65, Tsuruma-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8550, - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested that high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios are related to worse outcome in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Patients with end-stage renal disease, especially those with inflammation, are at an increased risk of premature mortality, primarily because of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to clarify if high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio is associated ...
Lin Chin-Yao CY Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taiwan Adventist Hospital , Taipei , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Background: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with peripheral vascular atherosclerosis, adverse cardiovascular outcomes, and all-cause mortality. However, there were limited data available on studying the effect of interleg ABI difference. Methods: We investigated the association of the interleg ABI difference with overall and cardiovascular mortality in chronic hemodialysis ...
Zhai Chun-Juan CJ Department of Cardiology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University , Jinan, Shandong , China - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To assess the effects and safety of iron-based phosphate binders in adult patients receiving dialysis. Methods: We electronically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and CBM for randomized controlled trials about iron-based phosphate binders in adult dialysis patients. Study quality was assessed using the criteria outlined in the Cochrane Handbook ...
Koo Soo Kweon SK Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Busan Saint Mary's Medical Center, Pusan, South Korea, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of the maxillary sinus on the voice. The prospective study was conducted at an academic secondary referral center. A prospective chart review of 43 patients (17 males, 26 females) who conducted a voice recording and survey before and 3 months after ...
Williamson John B JB a Malcom Randall VAMC , Gainesville , FL , - - 2014
Objective: This was to learn how chronic right hemispheric damage (RHD) versus left hemispheric damage (LHD) may influence attentional biases in proximal and distal space. Background: Prior research has suggested that the left hemisphere primarily attends to proximal space and the right hemisphere to distal space. The purpose of this ...
Batla Amit A Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, United - - 2014
We previously reported on a cohort of dystonic tremor and patients with scans without evidence of dopaminergic deficit (SWEDDs). We aim to report the long-term clinical and imaging follow-up of these patients. Patients with at least 5-year follow-up were included. These patients had an asymmetric arm tremor, a previous diagnosis ...
Calviño Jesús - - 2014
Sleep disorders are frequent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Among them, restless legs syndrome (RLS) may affect up to 60% of patients on dialysis, and it has been related to a poor quality of life and higher cardiovascular risk. Despite its high prevalence in advanced stages of renal disease, RLS ...
Biyik Murat M 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey; 2Nephrology Clinic, Karaman State Hospital, Karaman, Turkey; 3Department of Internal Medicine, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey; and 4Gastroenterology Clinic, Karaman State Hospital, Karaman, - - 2014
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are extensively prescribed drugs usually used for a long period. Recent reports linked PPI use with development of hypomagnesemia. However, there is still uncertainty regarding risk of hypomagnesemia in outpatients who were on long-term PPI use. Thus, we aimed to evaluate frequency of hypomagnesemia among a ...
Han Jinu J http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8607-6625 Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To describe the ophthalmological manifestations in patients with childhood onset Leigh syndrome (LS) and investigate the correlation between genotypes and phenotypes in patients with LS. Childhood onset LS was clinically and enzymatically confirmed in a total of 63 patients. Among them, 44 patients who underwent ophthalmologic consultation were included in ...
Mahfouz R R Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
Contact of peripheral blood lymphocytes with Helicobacter pylori was proved to induce non- major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxicity and natural killer cells are thought to play an important role in the immunity against H. pylori. In this research, we investigated any possible association between killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) genotypes and H. ...
Heng Ee Ling EL Department of Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College, London, - - 2014
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are elevated in patients with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF), the clinical significance of which remains uncertain. Ninety consecutive adults (≥16 years) with rTOF (mean age 32.7±11.3 years, 64% men) were prospectively recruited from a single tertiary centre, together with 15 age-matched and gender-matched controls. Patients with ...
Genovesi Simonetta S Department of Health Science, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy Nephrology Unit, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, - - 2014
Oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT) is the choice treatment for thromboembolism prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), although data about OAT use in haemodialysis (HD) patients with AF are contradictory. The effect of OAT on the risk of mortality, stroke and bleeding was prospectively evaluated in a population of HD patients with ...
Cachia David D Department of Neuro-Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common manifestation of cryptococcosis and is caused by the encapsulated yeast organism Cryptococcus neoformans. It occurs most commonly in patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity such as in HIV infection; patients with hematological malignancies; patients post solid-organ transplantation; on chronic steroids or immunosuppressants. Clinically, stroke can ...
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