Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1619
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Alhaboob Ali A AA King Khalid University Hospital and College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Childhood primary angiitis of central nervous system (cPACNS) is rare idiopathic vasculitis most frequently in adults. Children with this disorder can present with a range of neurological symptoms and signs including decreased consciousness, seizures, hemiparesis, cranial nerve deficits, and cognitive deficits. Delayed diagnosis and treatment may compromise the outcome. Therapeutic ...
Chen Hsin-Yi HY Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan ; Department of Ophthalmology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate if different treatment strategy of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was associated glaucoma risk in Taiwanese population. Methods. Population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using data sourced from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. We included 2528 OSA patients and randomly selected and matched 10112 subjects without OSA ...
Joshi K S KS Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Dhulikhel Hospital - Kathmandu University Hospital Kathmandu University School Of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, - - 2014
Background Computed tomography is considered as an imaging modality of choice in acute ureteric colic. However due to concerns regarding radiation exposure, sonograms are re-emerging as imaging methods in such situations. Objectives To evaluate the role of sonography in detection of calculus in acute ureteric colic. Methods Total 384 patients ...
Abu-Amero Khaled K KK Ophthalmic Genetics Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Jacksonville, - - 2014
To investigate the possible association of oxidative stress with keratoconus (KC), we estimated the changes in relative mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content. The study included 119 patients with KC and 208 controls matched for gender, ethnicity, and systemic disease status. We selected controls who were older than the patients since the ...
Laddha Naresh C NC Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, - - 2014
Vitiligo is a depigmenting disorder resulting from loss of functional melanocytes in the skin. NPY plays an important role in induction of immune response by acting on a variety of immune cells. NPY synthesis and release is governed by IL1B. Moreover, genetic variability in IL1B is reported to be associated ...
Dou Lin L Intensive Care Unit, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin 300192, - - 2014
The bispectral (BIS) index is a processed electroencephalogram (EEG) parameter with extensive validation and demonstrated clinical utility. The study aimed to investigate the correlation between the BIS index and the prognosis of patients with coma in the ICU. A total of 208 patients with coma in the ICU were enrolled ...
Akimoto Tetsu T Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan. ; Green Town Clinic, Tochigi, - - 2014
Febuxostat is a nonpurine xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor, which recently received marketing approval. However, information regarding the experience with this agent among advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is limited. In the current study, we investigated the effects of oral febuxostat in patients with advanced CKD with asymptomatic hyperuricemia. We ...
Kadry Bassam B Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center , Stanford, CA , - - 2014
Background. Obesity impacts utilization of healthcare resources. The goal of this study was to measure the relationship between increasing body mass index (BMI) in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) with different components of operating room (OR) time. Methods. The Stanford Translational Research Integrated Database Environment (STRIDE) was utilized to ...
Kuo Daniel D 0000-0002-3505-0169 Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate whether hyperuricemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A population-based inception cohort of patients diagnosed between 1980 and 2007 with adult-onset RA was assembled. A comparison cohort of age- and sex-matched subjects without RA (non-RA) was also assembled. ...
Fernández-Granero M A MA Biomedical Engineering and Telemedicine Research Group, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, - - 2014
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive disease of the lung with a great prevalence and a remarkable socio-economic impact on patients and health systems. Early detection of exacerbations could diminish the adverse effects on patients' health and cut down costs burdened on patients with COPD. A group of ...
Mesci-Haftaci Simender S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duzce Public Hospital, Duzce, Turkey E-mail : - - 2014
A cytologic reading of a Papanicolaou (pap) smear followed, if the result is positive, by a colposcopic search for abnormal cells is the most common screening method for cervical cancer used worldwide. We aimed to present the correlation of smear and colposcopic findings with 6- to 12-month follow-up results and ...
Song In-Uk IU Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seocho-gu, Banpo-dong 505 Seoul, 137-701, - - 2014
Cognitive dysfunction is a common feature of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent research has focused on the detection and management of subjective memory impairment (SMI) as the stage that precedes mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Nevertheless, few clinical studies have biomarkers of SMI in PD. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate ...
Bačić-Baronica Koraljka K Department of Neurology, Clinical Hospital "Sveti Duh", Zagreb, Croatia; - - 2014
The impact of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxification pathway on complex pathogenesis and heterogeneity of clinical findings in multiple sclerosis (MS), particularly the exact correlation between indicators of clinical severity and different GST genotypes, has not yet been fully elucidated. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between ...
Nurgeldiyeva Maya J MJ Scientific-Clinical Center of The State Medical University Ashgabad, - - 2014
To study contents of atherosclerotic plaques for the presence of fungi of the genus Candida; and an analysis of some immunological and biochemical indices in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) that are positive for Candida albicans. To test for the presence of fungi in an atherosclerotic plaque, we used ...
Moretti Davide V DV Scientific Institute for Research and Care (IRCCS) of Alzheimer's and Psychiatric Diseases, S. Giovanni Di Dio, Fatebenefratelli Brescia, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in older patients. Rivastigmine, a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor, has been shown to improve the clinical manifestations of AD by delaying the breakdown of acetylcholine (ACh) released into synaptic clefts. Moreover, there is evidence that ACh modulates EEG alpha frequency. the ...
Landqvist Waldö Maria M Section of Geriatric Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University Klinikgatan 22, Lund SE-221 85, - - 2014
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is associated with a broad spectrum of clinical characteristics. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of unexplained somatic complaints in neuropathologically verified FTD. We also examined whether the somatic presentations correlated with protein pathology or regional brain pathology and if the patients with ...
Hao Maolin M Department of Neurology, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University Jinan 250022, Shandong, - - 2014
Non-motor symptoms (NMS) are common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little is known about NMS in patients with mutant of leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2). This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between NMS in Chinese PD patients and to ascertain if there were differences in NMS between ...
Bilecik Nilüfer Aygün NA Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sinop Ataturk State Hospital Sinop, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MS), which is framed by cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia, is thought to be associated with the rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study is to examine the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MS) and insulin resistance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) ...
Wen Siwan S Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji University Shanghai 200065, - - 2014
In patients with pulmonary embolism (PE), forepart components of complements were activated. However there are interruption/decrease of cascade reaction and cytolytic effects in complement system. This study detected CRP, CH50, C3 and C4 levels in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and compare with the imbalance of complement associated gene mRNA ...
Xu Ren R Department of Neurorehabilitation Engineering, University Medical Center Goettingen Goettingen, Germany ; Institute of Computer Science, Georg-August University Goettingen, - - 2014
Non-invasive EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) can be promising for the motor neuro-rehabilitation of paraplegic patients. However, this shall require detailed knowledge of the abnormalities in the EEG signatures of paraplegic patients. The association of abnormalities in different subgroups of patients and their relation to the sensorimotor integration are relevant for ...
Herbsleb Marco M Pain and Autonomic Integrative Research (PAIR), Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Jena , Jena , Germany ; Clinical Exercise Physiology (CEP), Department of Sports Medicine and Health Promotion, Friedrich-Schiller-University , Jena , - - 2014
Increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rates for patients with schizophrenia are reported to contribute to their reduced life expectancy. Common reasons for increased cardiac mortality rates include cigarette smoking, obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and poorer health behavior in general. The majority of excess mortality among people with schizophrenia is caused by ...
Shirani A A Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2013
It was recently reported that there was no significant overall association between interferon beta exposure and disability progression in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients in an observational study from Canada. In the current study, the potential for heterogeneity in the association between exposure to interferon beta and disability progression across ...
Govender S M - - 2013
To evaluate cochlear functioning in patients (18-45 years old) with varying stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using purposive sampling, 50 participants, 10 in each of the 5 stages of CKD, were selected and underwent pure tone audiometric testing and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs). Significant differences (p < 0.05) ...
Rouhani Alireza A Alireza Rouhani MD, Saeid Mohajerzadeh MD, Department of Orthopedic Surgery School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Tabriz, - - 2013
Lower extremity amputation has different etiologies and the purpose of the study was to describe the demographics and etiologies of amputations. This study was designed to evaluate amputations performed in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan (north-west of Iran) and to determine specific causes of amputations associated with geographical and cultural ...
Guerra Miguel M Serviço de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica do Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, - - 2013
In patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation, efficacy of stroke prevention with oral anticoagulant therapy has been proved. However, there are patients who are not candidates for long-term oral anticoagulation, namely patients with high risk of bleeding complications or previous hemorrhagic stroke. In those patients, percutaneous closure of left auricular appendage ...
Rojas Valeska Gatica VG Laboratory of Human Motor Control, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Talca, Talca, - - 2013
Maintaining standing postural balance is important for walking and handling abilities in patients with cerebral palsy. This study included 23 patients with cerebral palsy (seven with spastic diplegia and 16 with spastic hemiplegia), aged from 7 to 16 years of age. Standing posture balance measurements were performed using an AMTI ...
Setiani Agus Lusi L Postgraduate of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pancasila University, Jakarta, - - 2014
Hypercalcemia-hyperphosphatemia is an unavoidable consequence of end-stage chronic kidney disease and common in hemodialytic patients. Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is one type of phosphate binder used widely and prescribed in patients undergoing hemodialysis, aiming to control the levels of calcium and phosphate. These drugs are most effective if taken with meals. ...
Ma Chi-Cheng - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Global field synchronization (GFS) can measure functional synchronization in frequency-domain electroencephalogram (EEG) data. The aim of this study is to explore GFS values and its clinical significance for severity of cognitive decline in AD. EEGs were recorded from 37 AD ...
Bakri Sophie J - - 2013
Abstract We present a case of retinopathy found incidentally in an asymptomatic patient receiving treatment with interferon beta 1a for multiple sclerosis. She was found to have peripheral dot and blot hemorrhages with no cotton wool spots. It is possible that interferon beta 1a retinopathy is more common than previously ...
Kalim Shahid - - 2013
Protocols based on newer high sensitivity Troponin T (hsTropT) assays can rule in a suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) as early as 3 hours. We conducted this study to audit adherence to our Trust's newly introduced AMI diagnostic protocol based on paired hsTropT testing at 0 and 3 hours. We ...
Najam-ud-Din - - 2013
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is manifested by presence of pitting oedema, profound proteinuria in excess of 3.5 g/day, serum albumin levels of less than 3.0 g/dL and hypercholesterolemia. This study was conducted to determine the frequency and clinical presentation of nephrotic syndrome in patients coming to a tertiary care hospital. This ...
Khan Zahoor Aslam - - 2013
Secundum atrial septal defect is a common congenital heart disease. Amplatzer septal occluder has become the most commonly used device for its closure. This study was conducted to determine the safety and outcome of atrial septal defect closure with the Amplatzer septal occlude (ASO). This Case-series was conducted at Armed ...
Katarzynska-Szymanska Agnieszka A Department of Cardiology - First Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy and impaired diastolic and systolic function. Abnormal sympathetic-parasympathetic balance is a potential stimulus for left ventricular hypertrophy in HCM patients. β-Blockers are routinely used in HCM for their strong negative inotropic effect; however, these drugs also influence the sympathetic-parasympathetic balance. This ...
Erdem Vildan V Department of Dentistry, Atatürk University Dental Faculty, Erzurum, - - 2013
Several lines of evidence indicate that oral microbial flora play a critical role in the pathogenesis of Behçet disease. Saliva flow rate, buffer capacity and microorganism content are very important in the maintenance of oral health. We aimed to evaluate saliva flow rate, pH, buffer capacity and Streptococcus mutans and ...
Extramiana Fabrice - - 2013
In the long QT syndrome (LQTS) the effects of beta-blocker treatment on prevention of cardiac events differs according to the genotype. We aimed to assess the effect of beta-blocker treatment on QT/QTc duration in Type 1 LQTS (LQT1) and Type 2 LQTS (LQT2) patients. 24-hour digital Holter ECG were recorded ...
Zheng Gang G Department of Neurosurgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Chinese PLA Postgraduate Medical School, Beijing 100853, - - 2013
Knowledge of the plasticity of language pathways in patients with low-grade glioma is important for neurosurgeons to achieve maximum resection while preserving neurological function. The current study sought to investigate changes in the ventral language pathways in patients with low-grade glioma located in regions likely to affect the dorsal language ...
Rienstra Michiel M Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, the - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of beta blockade on outcome in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Beta-blockers are widely used in patients with HF and AF. Recommendation in current HF guidelines, however, is based on populations in which the most patients ...
Lee Meng-Rui - - 2013
There is paucity of risk factors on lung function decline among patients with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) pulmonary disease in literature. Patients with NTM pulmonary disease between January 2000 and April 2011 were retrospectively selected. Sixty-eight patients had at least two pulmonary function tests within a mean follow-up period of 47 ...
de-Wit Lee H LH Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; e-mail: - - 2013
We report converging evidence that higher stages of the visual system are critically required for the whole to become more than the sum of its parts by studying patient DF with visual agnosia using a configural superiority paradigm. We demonstrate a clear dissociation between this patient and normal controls such ...
Heyer Eric J EJ Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, New York, 10032, United States of America ; Department of Neurology, Columbia University, New York, 10032, United States of - - 2013
Our previous work demonstrates that asymptomatic carotid endarterectomy (CEA) patients demonstrate less perioperative neurologic injury, defined as stroke and early cognitive dysfunction (eCD) observed within 24hr of CEA, when taking statins pre-operatively. This study examines whether the incidence of eCD observed 24hr after asymptomatic CEA varies as a function of ...
Mirfeizi Zahra Z Rheumatic Diseases Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical - - 2013
Lung disorders are important for prognosis of connective tissue disease (CTD). Thus, chest radiography, High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) of the chest and ultrasonic echocardiogram are suggested after the diagnosis of these conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate chest HRCT findings in patients with CTD. In this ...
Mousavi Seyed Ali-Javad SA Research Center of Respiratory Diseases, Rasoule-Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical - - 2013
This descriptive study aimed to determine the serum level of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) in patients with severe asthma. The serum level of AAT was determined in 43 patients with severe asthma. Pulmonary function tests were performed and data were analyzed by SPPS version 19 software. The mean age of patients ...
Yazdani Rostam R Department of Internal Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the only cause of mortality and morbidity with an increasing incidence. Adiponectin has recently gained the spotlight for its possible association with COPD or its exacerbation. This study evaluated the association of serum and alveolar adiponectin levels with COPD-related variables. This analytical cross-sectional study ...
Lu Yuan-Hua YH ICU, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital, Nanchang 330006, - - 2013
This study aimed to observe the effect of early goal directed therapy (EGDT) on tissue perfusion, microcirculation and tissue oxygenation in patients with septic shock. Patients with early septic shock (<24 hours) who had been admitted to the ICU of Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University from September 2009 through ...
Wu Xiao-Ling XL Intensive Care Unit, Wuhan Central Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430014, - - 2013
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) are known as important factors, which mediate a variety of functions in terms of vascular homeostasis, inflammation and tissue repair. However, their role in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) has been less well studied. This study aimed to test the ...
Unalp Omer O Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, İzmir, - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to review retrospectively the data of 10 patient who were treated and followed-up in our clinic and to review the current approaches in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). We reviewed 10 patients retrospectively who were operated on and had the diagnosis of ...
Yüksel Meral M Deparment of Medical Laboratory Technicianship, Vocational School of Health Related Professions, Marmara University, İstanbul, - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate the matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) level and MMP-9 gene polymorphism in sleep apnea patients with or without cardiovascular disease. Case-control study. Two hundred nine patients [Mean age (±SD), 47 (±12) yrs; M/F, 170/39] diagnosed ...
Ciftdemir Mert M Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, - - 2012
Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS) is an uncommon lesion seen mainly in children and adolescents. A retrospective analysis of 12 patients with AARS treated non-operatively is presented in this study. Twelve patients with AARS who were treated non-operatively were evaluated retrospectively in terms of recent trauma and respiratory tract infection history, ...
Batchelor John Stephen - - 2012
Introduction. Anticoagulation abnormalities have been recognized for several decades as potential risk factors for increasing the risk of traumatic intracranial haemorrhage in patients with blunt head trauma. The potential increased risk of death as a consequence has not been fully evaluated. The aim of the study was to perform a ...
Nakamura Tadashi - - 2012
Objectives. To compare the effectiveness of an alkylating agent with that of a biologic agent in the treatment of patients with amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis secondary to RA and to assess the association of the serum AA (SAA) 1.3 allele with treatment.Methods. CYC and etanercept (ETN) were administered to 62 ...
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