Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1396
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Auriemma Renata S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The GH/insulin-like growth factor 1 axis is physiologically involved in the regulation of electrolytes and water homeostasis by kidneys, and influences glomerular filtration and tubular re-absorption processes. The aim of the study was to investigate renal structure and function in acromegalic patients during active disease and disease remission. PATIENTS: ...
Lima Mariana C L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of diuretic dynamic renal scintigraphy (DDRS) with technetium-99m-L,L-ethylenedicysteine ((99m)Tc-EC) in patients with indeterminate or possible false-positive results for urinary obstruction by technetium-99m diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) DDRS. METHODS: A total of 92 patients (63 male; mean age, 16.6 +/- 21.25 years) were studied, with a ...
Uberos J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Heightened activity of superoxide dimutase is an effect derived from the gene dose in the trisomy of Down's syndrome (DS), and has been related to the increased production of hydrogen peroxide and with greater lipid peroxidation. Many of the degenerative changes observed in patients with DS have been associated ...
Eisner Brian H - - 2010
PURPOSE: We examined differences in 24-hour urine composition between white and Asian/Pacific Islander stone formers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the 24-hour urinalysis database at a metabolic stone clinic. We identified and included in the study patients 18 years old or older who presented for the initial metabolic stone ...
Dobson Ruth - - 2010
Plasma and B cells are implicated in multiple sclerosis (MS) and produce free light chains (FLC) that are excreted in urine. To confirm that demyelinating diseases (DD) cause increased urinary FLCs. Urinary FLC in 50 patients with DD were compared to 20 patients with posterior uveitis (PU), 19 with AIDS, ...
Caletti María Gracia - - 2010
About 25-50% of survivors of the acute phase of postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+ HUS) develop chronic renal disease. Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta-1) is the main fibrogenic growth factor in humans, and there is a significant correlation between its levels and the grade of interstitial fibrosis in chronic nephropathies. ...
Balasubramanium Radish Kumar - - 2010
Objective: Chronic hemodialysis affects various body systems, one of which is the respiratory system. Since respiration is the prime source for speech, vocal dysfunctions are expected to be present in patients with chronic hemodialysis. The present study attempts to shed light on the changes in acoustic and aerodynamic characteristics of ...
Scales Charles D CD - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients with type Ia glycogen storage disease have an increased recurrent nephrolithiasis rate. We identified stone forming risk factors in patients with type Ia glycogen storage disease vs those in stone formers without the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with type Ia glycogen storage disease were prospectively enrolled from ...
Mittal Manoj - - 2010
Objective. To describe the clinical, radiological and pathological findings in a patient with methadone-induced delayed posthypoxic encephalopathy (DPHE). Case Report. A Thirty-eight-year-old man was found unconscious for an unknown duration after methadone and diazepam ingestion. His initial vitals were temperature 104 degree Fahrenheit, heart rate 148/minute, respiratory rate 50/minute, and ...
Youn Seung-Il - - 2010
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder believed to be associated with heavy metal exposure, especially mercury (Hg), and is characterized by disturbances in metal elimination. Various studies correlated elevated heavy metal body burden with ASD diagnoses as evidenced by increased urinary porphyrin levels in patients. Urinary porphyrins were ...
Kandai Shibani - - 2010
Central nervous system arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a vascular malformation of the brain and involves entanglement of veins and arteries without an intervening capillary bed. Affecting predominantly young male patients, AVM presents with different clinical manifestations namely headache, seizures, neurological deficit and intracranial haemorrhage. The patients who present acutely with ...
Piazza Ornella - - 2010
The complex picture of inflammation and coagulation alterations comes to life in acute stroke phases. Increasing evidence points to a strong interaction and extensive crosstalk between the inflammation and coagulation systems: the interest towards this relationship has increased since recent experimental research showed that the early administration of antithrombin III ...
Kao Chung-Lan - - 2010
Patients with vestibular hypofunction often experience dizziness and unsteadiness while moving their heads. Appropriate sensors can effectively detect a patient's dynamic visual acuity and associated body balance control. Forty-one vestibular-deficit patients and 10 normal individuals were invited to participate in this study. Questionnaires, clinical assessment scales and objective measures were ...
Münßinger Jana I - - 2010
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) enable paralyzed patients to communicate; however, up to date, no creative expression was possible. The current study investigated the accuracy and user-friendliness of P300-Brain Painting, a new BCI application developed to paint pictures using brain activity only. Two different versions of the P300-Brain Painting application were tested: ...
Lee K S - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance urography (MRU) versus retrograde pyelography and/or ureteroscopy (RPU) in the detection of upper urinary tract neoplasms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 35 patients with suspected upper urinary tract malignancy who underwent MRU and RPU within 6-months in our institution ...
Eker Hatice Evren - - 2009
A 15 years old child with Lyme borreliosis was treated with meperidine via a patient controlled analgesia (PCA) pump for pain management. He had no history of seizure and had normal hepatic and renal functions. At the 7th hour of meperidine PCA delivery, generalized tonic-clonic seizure was developed and successfully ...
Fahimi Daryoosh - - 2009
Fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) has been said to be the most sensitive index for differentiating prerenal failure (PRF) from intrinsic renal failure (IRF). However, there are several instances of high FENa (>2%) in cases of PRF and low FENa (<1%) in IRF patients. In contrast, the fractional excretion of ...
Casellas Francesc - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Hydrogen breath test is the most commonly used method to analyze carbohydrate absorption and diagnose carbohydrate malabsorption. The result of the H(2) breath test is influenced by different factors, which are mostly related to quantitative or qualitative aspects of colonic flora. A scarcely studied variable is the effect of ...
Mori Hidenori - - 2010
We report a case of gefitinib-induced bilateral upper urinary tract bleeding in an 82-year-old woman administered the drug daily for advanced non-small cell adenocarcinoma of the lung (T4N3M0). Hematuria is an uncommon adverse effect of gefitinib, and in most cases, the bleeding site is unknown. On the 44th day of ...
van Duinen N - - 2010
CONTEXT: Patients with head-and-neck paragangliomas (HNPGL) are regularly screened for catecholamine excess. The clinical relevance of increased urinary secretion of 3-methoxytyramine is unclear in HNPGL. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and the clinical, biochemical, and radiological presentation of patients with HNPGL with increased urinary ...
Fazil Marickar Y M - - 2010
There is a general belief among the public and clinicians that urinary stone problem is always associated with symptoms like pain, dysuria and haematuria. Many patients stop medical treatment when they are symptom free and return with excruciating pain, dysuria and haematuria either alone or in combination. The objective of ...
Gil Hyo-Wook - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Paraquat (PQ)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) might show the role for reactive oxygen species (ROS) in AKI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of early urinary biomarkers in patients with acute PQ poisoning. We prospectively investigated changes in urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil ...
Marinkovic Serge P - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, debilitating, neurological disease with numerous urological manifestations including urinary detrusor overactivity, detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, and urinary retention. Can sacral neuromodulation be successfully implemented for urinary retention in ambulatory women with multiple sclerosis? Between January 2002 and January 2008, we conducted an observational retrospective case-control study ...
Masson Serge - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increased urinary excretion of albumin is an early sign of kidney damage and a risk factor for progressive cardiovascular and renal diseases and heart failure. There is, however, only limited information on the prevalence and prognostic role of urinary albumin excretion in patients with established chronic heart failure. METHODS ...
Kekatpure Vikram D VD Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10065, - - 2009
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) plays a role in the development and progression of several tumor types including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Measurements of urinary PGE metabolite (PGE-M) can be used as an index of systemic PGE(2) production. In ever smokers, increased levels of urinary PGE-M reflect ...
Marickar Y M Fazil - - 2009
The importance of routine urine deposit study has not been projected satisfactorily in literature. This paper analyses the findings of urine microscopy of urinary stone patients who attended the stone clinic. A total number of 800 patients who attended the urinary stone clinic during the years 2005-2007 were selected for ...
Sugaya Kimio - - 2009
We investigated whether the improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and urinary adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level were related. Fifty-seven patients and 13 normal controls were enrolled in this study. All of the male patients had benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and all of the female patients had overactive bladder (OAB). ...
Lever Michael - - 2009
PURPOSE: Betaine is an osmolyte, supplies methyl groups, and controls plasma homocysteine. Abnormal urinary loss of betaine is common in patients with the metabolic syndrome or diabetes mellitus. These patients are often treated with fibrates which alter renal function and raise plasma homocysteine concentrations. We suggest there is a connection ...
Jewo P I - - 2009
Severe thermal injury occurs frequently, especially in the low-income countries of the world, where they account for a substantial mortality and a wide range of devastating morbidity. Almost all systems of the body are affected, including the cardiovascular, immune, and reproductive systems. A number of studies have shown that people ...
Fukui Yousuke - - 2009
An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) based metabonomic approach was applied to identify a candidate metabolite with not known to be associated with interstitial cystitis (IC). IC is a chronic clinical syndrome associated with urinary frequency and urgency and/or pelvic pain. The ability to non-invasively diagnose the early stage of ...
Sukhotnik I - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Despite extensive clinical and laboratory investigations, many aspects of the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remain unclear. In the present work we describe 5 neonates with NEC in whom intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was measured to investigate the potential role of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in the development of NEC ...
Golombick Terry - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of curcumin on plasma cells and osteoclasts in patients with MGUS. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Twenty-six patients with MGUS were recruited into the study and administered 4 grams/day oral curcumin. Blood and urine samples were collected at specified visits after initiating therapy. Full blood count, B2 microglobulin, ...
Walshe Criona M CM Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. - - 2009
Diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) relies on measurement of serum creatinine concentration and urine flow, which change slowly and have low specificity and sensitivity. We investigated the potential of urinary levels of alpha-glutathione S-transferase (alpha-GST) and pi-GST - markers of proximal and distal renal tubule damage, respectively - to ...
Siracusano Salvatore - - 2009
We assessed whether urinary excretion of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) may be affected by a condition of detrusor overactivity (DO). We evaluated 24-h urinary excretion of GAGs in 25 patients (mean age 63.81 years) with DO and in 14 healthy controls (mean age 65.75 years). No patients or controls had urinary tract ...
Matovic Milovan D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients receiving (131)I for therapeutic purposes, diuretics are frequently used in an attempt to accelerate elimination of unbound radioiodine, reduce its adverse effects, and shorten the hospital stay. The aims of our study were to investigate the influence of furosemide therapy on urinary excretion of (131)I in patients ...
Storr T M - - 2009
Presentation of three palliative care patients who were given ketamine as an analgesic and subsequently developed significant and debilitating urological symptoms. In one patient there was resolution of symptoms following cessation of ketamine, but some symptoms persisted until death in the other two. Possible mechanisms for damage to the urothelium ...
Babel Nina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: BKV reactivation plays the causative role in the development of BKV-associated nephropathy (BKVAN). Because of the lack of effective therapy, early diagnosis of BKV reactivation is paramount for the prevention of BKVAN. Resting in uroepithelial cells, BKV is excreted first in urine before it can be detected in plasma. ...
Zhu Sheng-lang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report our experience with the diagnostic screening and management of children with melamine-induced nephrolithiasis. METHODS: A total of 1091 children younger than 4 years who had been exposed to melamine-contaminated formula from September 17 to October 12, 2008, were screened for nephrolithiasis at the department ...
Regan Stanton M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the usefulness of routine stentograms in patient management following urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing urinary diversion from February 2004 to February 2007 was performed. Three hundred twenty-six patients were identified. One hundred fifty patients were excluded: 101 patients had no ...
Tilki Derya - - 2010
Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein; CEACAM1) is expressed in normal bladder urothelium and in angiogenically activated endothelial cells, where it exhibits proangiogenic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of urinary CEACAM1 for detection of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). This prospective ...
Li Wei-Ming - - 2009
Increase in body size increases the risk of renal stone formation. The mechanism explaining this relationship remains unclear. Urine pH is one of the important factors for urinary stone formation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between urine pH and body mass index ...
Schaub S - - 2009
Subclinical tubulitis has been associated with the later development of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IF/TA), leading to diminished allograft survival. The aim of this study was to investigate how concentrations of urinary CXC-receptor 3 (CXCR3) chemokines (i.e. CXCL4/9/10/11) and CCL2 relate to the extent of subclinical tubulitis. Using ELISA, ...
Missori Paolo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic (normotensive or low pressure) hydrocephalus is characterized clinically by gait disturbance, cognitive and urinary impairment, known as Hakim's triad. Nothing has been reported about impairment in sexual function, which could involve both the patient and the patient's partner. METHODS: Out of 97 patients undergoing shunt placement for chronic ...
Tam Frederick W K - - 2009
Profibrotic growth factors and inflammatory chemokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, measurement of urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and connective tissue growth factor (CCN2) as prognostic markers has not previously been reported, and neither have two such molecules in urine been examined in a ...
Shike Hiroko - - 2009
Despite the widespread recognition of pyuria in acute Kawasaki disease (KD) patients and its inclusion in the American Heart Association list of supporting laboratory data for KD diagnosis, no systematic study of pyuria and the origin of these cells in KD patients have been reported. We used automated urinalysis with ...
Bazzi Claudio - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between proteinuric markers (urinary excretion of IgG, alpha2-macroglobulin, alpha1-microglobulin) and serum creatinine (sCr), histologic lesions, progression, and immunosuppression responsiveness in crescentic IgA nephropathy. Fractional excretion of IgG (FEIgG) and of alpha1-microglobulin and urinary excretion of alpha2-macroglobulin were evaluated in 37 ...
Ishii Genichi - - 2009
To investigate the characteristics of urolithiasis associated with Crohn's disease in a Japanese population. We studied 98 patients with Crohn's disease: 39 with urolithiasis and 59 without urolithiasis. Patients were treated at the Social Insurance Central General Hospital, or at the Toho University Omori, Ohashi, or Sakura Medical Centers. Calculi ...
Lansang M Cecilia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To present a case series of patients who were misdiagnosed with endocrine disorders because of failure to recognize the systemic absorption of intra-articular and epidural steroids and to discuss the utility of performing a urine screen to detect synthetic glucocorticoids. METHODS: In this case series, we describe the clinical, ...
Kotłowska Alicja - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible urinary markers of hormonal activity in patients with non-functioning adrenal incidentalomas. In order to evaluate the endocrine activity of aforementioned tumours, urinary steroid metabolite levels were analyzed in samples from patients and controls. Possible blocks in metabolic pathways of the ...
Dong Wei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathologic status of adult patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in an endemic area of China through detection of 5 biochemical markers in their urine, and to study the correlations between these markers and KBD. METHODS: A total of 55 patients with KBD over age 40 years ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >