Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1344
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Heemskerk Suzanne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Alkaline phosphatase (AP) attenuates inflammatory responses by lipopolysaccharide detoxification and may prevent organ damage during sepsis. To investigate the effect of AP in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock on acute kidney injury. DESIGN AND SETTING: A multicenter double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase IIa study (2:1 ratio). PATIENTS: Thirty-six ...
Haas V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastroduodenal and small intestinal permeability are increased in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and intensive care patients. The relevance of colonic permeability has not yet been adequately investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical value of sucralose excretion as indicator for colonic permeability in these ...
Peters H P E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is characterised by high variability in clinical course and outcome. Accurate prediction of prognosis is needed to optimise treatment. Urinary alpha1-microglobulin and beta2-microglobulin are markers of tubulointerstitial injury and predict the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in idiopathic membranous nephropathy. We questioned the relevance ...
Schreuder Michiel F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many papers are published on cohorts with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) patients, but show variable results as to the incidence of associated urinary tract abnormalities. The objective of this study was to describe the status of the urinary tract, including contralateral hypertrophy and malformations, in patients with unilateral ...
Sechi Leonardo A - - 2009
Elevated urinary albumin excretion has been reported in primary aldosteronism and might partially reflect reversible abnormalities initiated by glomerular hyperfiltration. The aim of the study was to examine the outcome of renal function and intrarenal Doppler velocimetric indices in primary aldosteronism. We conducted a prospective study of patients with primary ...
Bak Mustafa - - 2009
Pediatric urolithiasis is an endemic disease, especially in certain developing regions of the world, such as the Far East, and to a certain extent the Middle East and Turkey. The aim of the study is to determine the metabolic etiology and the prevalence of formation of urinary calculi in Turkish ...
Xi Zhu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) levels in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary system and its relationship with clinicopathological features. METHODS: 102 patients with TCC, 60 with benign urinary diseases, and 60 healthy controls were included in this study. The HE4 levels were used to analyze ...
Ono E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening syndrome resulting from the sudden release of mast cell- and basophil-derived mediators into the circulation. However, pathological evidence of the association between inflammatory mediators and human anaphylaxis is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to better understand the relationship between in vivo production ...
Kale Nilufer - - 2009
Recent studies have reported autonomic dysfunction (AD) in multiple sclerosis (MS), and bladder and/or bowel dysfunction, orthostatic hypotension, and cardiac adaptation disorders have been observed in a wide range of patients (15-80%). The primary aim of this study is to investigate the frequency and association of AD in MS patients, ...
Chung Cecilia P - - 2009
Oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of fibromyalgia. We examined the hypothesis that oxidative stress was increased in patients with fibromyalgia and related to the severity of symptoms. Urinary F(2)-isoprostane excretion was measured in 48 patients with fibromyalgia and compared to those of 96 control ...
Davidson Michael B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the addition of spironolactone to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors further decreases albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective open-label trial in patients recruited at the Cleveland Clinic between February 2004 and November 2006. Patients with type 2 DM were ...
Erre G L GL Cattedra di Reumatologia, University of Sassari, - - 2008
Oxidative stress has been considered a leading factor in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Consistently with this hypothesis the determination of urinary isoprostanes, a reliable method for evaluation of oxidative stress, has recently showed increased levels of isoprostanes in SSc patients. Data about the effect on oxidative stress of ...
Argade Sulabha P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To confirm abnormal glycosylation of Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) in patients with interstitial cystitis (IC). PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sialic acid content of THP, a critical component of its biological activity, is reduced in patients with IC. N-glycan shows reduced levels of high molecular weight tri- and tetra-antennary sialylated ...
Wong A S Y - - 2009
The polyoma BK virus (BKV) remains latent after primary infection and may reactivate during immunosuppression. The uroepithelium is the main latency site defined. This study addressed whether the gastrointestinal tract might be another latency site. To test this hypothesis, we prospectively quantified fecal BKV by quantitative PCR reaction in 40 ...
Ansari A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The thiopurines, azathioprine (AZA) and mercaptopurine are extensively used in Crohn's discase (CD). Thiopurine bioactivation can be diverted by either thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT), or by xanthine oxidase/dehydrogenase (XOD) which forms 6-thiouric acid (6TU). AIM: To investigate whether chronic inflammation could influence small intestinal XOD activity using urinary excretion of ...
Baydar Terken - - 2009
PURPOSE: The present study was undertaken to evaluate urinary neopterin in intensive care unit patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urinary neopterin levels were determined in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 10), sepsis (n = 18), septic shock (n = 9), and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (n = 5). It was ...
Ludwig A - - 2008
Although chronic courses of norovirus infection have been described in immunocompromised patients, little is known about noroviral shedding and correlation with clinical symptoms in these patients. In this report, the quantitative courses of norovirus excretion in nine pediatric patients with hematologic and oncologic disorders and prolonged gastroenteritis were investigated. In ...
Hirai Rie R Department of Pharmacy, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2008
The carboplatin (CBDCA) dosage is usually calculated using the formula of Calvert. Instead of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), 24-h creatinine clearance (24 CLcr) is often used in this formula, which is calculated based on 24-h urine collection in clinical practice. We studied the adequacy of 24 CLcr in calculating ...
Hamzah, Azhar Amir
Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) commonly presents with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), which can be of obstructive symptoms such as hesitancy, incomplete voiding, post void dribbling or of irritative symptoms such as urgency, frequency and nocturia. Various recent studies indicate that nocturia is a very important and bothersome ...
Nickolas Thomas L - - 2008
A single serum creatinine measurement cannot distinguish acute kidney injury from chronic kidney disease or prerenal azotemia. To test the sensitivity and specificity of a single measurement of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and other urinary proteins to detect acute kidney injury in a spectrum of patients. Prospective cohort study. ...
Mohkam Masoumeh - - 2008
Studies of renal involvement in thalassemia syndromes have been varied and few. The most important cause of mortality and morbidity in these patients is organ failure due to iron deposition. We report here a cross-sectional study carried out between February 2005 and February 2006 on all beta-thalassemia major patients being ...
Liu Hsin-Tzu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Increased nerve growth factor (NGF) levels have been reported in the bladder tissue and urine of patients with overactive bladder and detrusor overactivity (DO). Determination of urinary NGF level could serve as a valuable biomarker for the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression of DO. OBJECTIVE: To investigate NGF ...
Sarica Kemal - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the possible effects of a gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor "Orlistat (Xenical)" on the intestinal absorption of oxalate and thereby on the urinary levels of oxalate excretion in overweight patients. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Long-term follow-up data of 95 cases (57 men, 38 women; ...
Decaux Guy - - 2008
Hyponatremia secondary to the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is a frequent cause of hypotonicity. Although the differential diagnosis with other causes of hypotonicity such as salt depletion is sometimes challenging, some simple and readily available biologic parameters can be helpful in the diagnosis of SIADH. In ...
Vedder Anouk C - - 2008
Two different enzyme preparations are used for the treatment of Fabry disease patients, agalsidase alpha (Replagal, Shire) and agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme, Genzyme). Therapeutic efficacy of both products has been variable probably due to differences in gender, severity, age and other patient characteristics. We studied the occurrence of alpha-Gal A antibodies ...
Ono E - - 2008
Although eosinophils produce cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) in large quantities, information on the relationship between CysLTs and eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) is lacking. Inflammatory mediator concentrations in urine were quantified to clarify the relationship between CysLT concentrations and EP severity. Leukotriene (LT)E(4), eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), 9alpha,11beta-prostaglandin F2 and LTB(4) glucuronide concentrations were ...
Vandergheynst Frédéric - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A recent study has revealed that acute and chronic administration of the vasopressin V2 receptor (V2R) agonist dDAVP induced a marked increase of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in healthy rats and humans (Bardoux P et al. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2003; 18: 497-506). The occurrence of an elevation of UAE ...
Cozzi Francesco - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of the study was to determine clinical manifestations, prevalence, and natural history of functional sequelae in patients operated on for sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) during infancy. METHODS: The medical records of 18 infants operated on for SCT were reviewed. Data recorded during admission and during routine outpatient appointments ...
Sikora P - - 2008
Intestinal oxalate absorption is an important part of oxalate metabolism influencing its urinary excretion and its measurement can be a valuable diagnostic tool in hyperoxaluric disorders. In this study, we use [(13)C(2)]oxalate absorption under standardized dietary conditions to assess intestinal oxalate absorption and its impact on urinary oxalate excretion. Tests ...
Duffey Branden G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To our knowledge baseline lithogenic risk factors in the morbidly obese population are currently unknown. Prior studies evaluated known stone formers and correlated risk with increasing body mass index. We describe risk factors for urinary stone formation in a group of unselected morbidly obese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ...
Janssen Sarah F - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and an imbalance in cortisol metabolism express increased urinary albumin excretion compared to those patients with metabolic syndrome alone. Seventy-four patients with MetS were evaluated using a low-dose dexamethasone suppression test (LDDST) to identify disturbed ...
Tanuma Naoyuki - - 2008
Oxidative stress plays an important role in aging and various diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and bronchial asthma. However, little is known about a potential role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) in terms of respiratory disturbance, which is the ...
Bulent Gul Cuma Bulent - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a complication that is underestimated in clinical practice after cardiac catheterization. Recently, the value of interleukin (IL)-18 as a novel biomarker for the detection of acute renal failure has been highlighted. In the present study, we sought to investigate whether urine IL-18 may be an ...
Marangella Martino - - 2008
To investigate metabolic disturbances, possibly leading to stone disease, in the Camey II technique for creating a urinary reservoir from an intestinal segment. Thirty patients with a Camey II ileal neobladder and 26 controls had metabolic investigations of blood samples, and 24-h and fasting urine samples, to assess renal function, ...
Valeur Jørgen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Carbohydrate malabsorption causes more symptoms in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders than in healthy individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether this could be explained by differences in ileal brake hormone secretion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients with functional abdominal complaints, referred to our clinic ...
Ustundag Ayten - - 2008
Increasing evidence suggests that circulating aldosterone per se contributes directly to renal and cardiovascular diseases. We sought to evaluate the effects of a three-month treatment with 25 mg spironolactone, an aldosterone receptor antagonist, on nephron function in 20 type II diabetic patients with persistent microalbuminuria, despite at least six months' ...
Xu Xunhui - - 2008
The purpose of this work was to observe the excretion of specific types of urinary proteins and urinary enzymes in elderly essential hypertension patients, for early detection and targeted treatment of hypertensive nephropathy in the elderly. A total of 120 elderly essential hypertensive patients and 38 healthy elderly volunteers were ...
Butterfield Joseph H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with systemic mastocytosis have increased numbers of mast cells in the bone marrow and other organs, such as the liver, spleen, gastrointestinal tract and skin. Symptoms result from the local and remote effects of mediator release from mast cells and from the local effects of increased mast cell ...
Chandurkar Vikram - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with excess urinary thyroxine (T4) excretion and worsening of preexisting hypothyroidism in the setting of nephrotic syndrome and to determine whether excess urinary T4 excretion is present in other patients with proteinuria. METHODS: We present data regarding the patient's initial presentation, diagnostic studies, and course ...
Higa Futoshi - - 2008
The advantages of diagnosing legionellosis by urinary antigen detection are widely recognized, and include early detection, rapidity of testing, and ease of specimen collection. However, the persistence of Legionella urinary antigen excretion has been suggested in some selected patients, although the clinical features of these patients have not yet been ...
Rocchetti Maria Teresa - - 2008
This study was aimed at the search of urinary biomarkers which might help to predict the clinical response of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi). First, we studied the urinary proteome of 18 IgAN patients (toward 20 healthy controls) who had been chronically treated with ACEi ...
Fessatou S - - 2008
Henoch Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a common vasculitis of small vessels whereas endothelin-1 (ET-1) is usually reported elevated in vasculities and systematic inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether ET-1 levels are correlated with the clinical presentation and the outcome of HSP. The study sample consisted ...
Tsai Chieh-Chih - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To measure the 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) level in patients having active Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) and to compare this oxidative stress biomarker and the clinical evolution of patients after systemic corticosteroid treatment. METHODS: In 8 euthyroid patients having active GO, we determined the 8-OHdG levels in urine before, during, and after ...
Tseng Chin-Hsiao - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: this study examined the association between urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) and ankle-brachial index (ABI), or peripheral arterial disease (PAD), in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: a total of 290 (108 men, 182 women) T2DM, aged > or =65 (71.6 +/- 4.9) years were recruited. PAD ...
Müller Andreas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We quantified the total excretion of the collagen crosslinks (CL) pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD) in 108 ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients (29 f, 79 m) in correlation to different characteristics of disease to evaluate different mechanism contributing to development of osteoporosis in AS. METHODS: PYD and DPD were measured ...
Joo Kwon Wook - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The relationship between SLC12A3 mutations and actual sodium-chloride (Na-Cl) cotransporter (NCC) expression in patients with Gitelman syndrome (GS) was rarely evaluated. Detection of urinary thiazide-sensitive NCC was not tried in patients with GS. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 6 patients with GS and 1 patient with surreptitious ...
Lloret Ana - - 2008
A comparative evaluation is reported of pro-oxidant states in 82 patients with ataxia telangectasia (AT), Bloom syndrome (BS), Down syndrome (DS), Fanconi anemia (FA), Werner syndrome (WS), and xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) vs 98 control donors. These disorders display cancer proneness, and/or early aging, and/or other clinical features. The measured analytes ...
Heemskerk Suzanne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We previously demonstrated that upregulation of renal inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is associated with proximal tubule injury during systemic inflammation in humans. In this study we investigated the short-term effect of methylene blue (MB), an inhibitor of the NO pathway, on kidney damage and function in septic shock ...
Bittner Nathan - - 2007
PURPOSE: Acute prostate brachytherapy-related morbidity is dominated by urinary symptomatology. In this study, we evaluated the effect of severe early brachytherapy-related urinary morbidity on late urinary function. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From January 1998 to September 2003, 1029 patients were implanted for clinical stage T1b-T3a (2002 American Joint Committee on Cancer ...
Moro Nobuhiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is a frequently observed electrolyte abnormality in patients with central nervous system disease. Several mechanisms, such as SIADH, hypopituitarism, and CSWS, have been proposed with varied incidences among several studies. We attempted to clarify the incidence and mechanism of hyponatremia for each type of TBI. We also assessed ...
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