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Results 251 - 300 of 1370
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Jang Yoon Young - - 2012
We reviewed the findings of a video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) of 28 patients with vocal cord paralysis (VCP) who complained of swallowing difficulties. VFSSs were performed with thick and thin liquid using modified Logemann methods. The patients were grouped according to whether their VCP was of central or peripheral ...
Schmeiser T - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune connective tissue disease. Of the numerous organ manifestations, involvement of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract (GIT) appears to be the most frequent with regard to the clinical symptoms. However, as the frequency and clinical relevance of GI involvement in patients with SSc ...
Kawashiri Shin-Ya - - 2011
A 50-year-old Japanese woman, a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with chronic lupus peritonitis, developed massive small intestinal hemorrhaging. She was treated with intravenous pulse of methylprednisolone, intravenous pulse of cyclophosphamide (IVCY), and immunoabsorption, but the peritonitis was refractory to these treatments. Subsequently, she was treated with oral ...
Bhanot Yanish - - 2011
Spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs in the most productive part of life. Treatment options for treatment of chronic SCI are few and have limited impact on clinical outcome. Central nervous system (CNS) has limited intrinsic regeneration capability. The study included patients with chronic complete SCI. Previously harvested autologous mesenchymal stem ...
Pegelow Marie - - 2011
This retrospective study was carried out on consecutively collected dental casts, x-rays, and photos of 129 Swedish children who had been born with non-syndromic unilateral (U) cleft lip (CL), cleft lip and alveolus (CLA), or cleft lip and palate (CLP). The following dental characteristics were investigated in the primary and ...
Peltz Elena - - 2011
A triad of clinical symptoms, ie, autonomic, motor and sensory dysfunctions, characterizes complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS). Sensory dysfunction comprises sensory loss or spontaneous and stimulus-evoked pain. Furthermore, a disturbance in the body schema may occur. In the present study, patients with CRPS of the upper extremity and healthy controls ...
Verrotti Alberto A Department of Pediatrics, University of Chieti, Via dei Vestini 5, 66100 Chieti, - - 2011
PURPOSES AND METHODS: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare dysmorphic disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation. Although epilepsy is one of the most common clinical complications associated with KS, few studies have evaluated its electroclinical aspects and long-term outcome. Therefore, we describe here a clinical series of ...
Chagovetz Alexis A - - 2011
Thermal stability signatures of complex molecule interaction in biological fluids can be measured using a new approach called differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The thermal stability of plasma proteome has been described previously as a method of producing a disease-specific "signature," termed thermogram, in several neoplastic and autoimmune diseases. We describe ...
White Klane K - - 2011
The most pronounced symptom in mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III, Sanfilippo Syndrome) is the severe neurocognitive deterioration of the central nervous system. The effects of MPS III on the musculoskeletal system are less severe than those caused by other forms of MPS, however, it is our experience that many families ...
Stamenković Miroslav - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), characterized by inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss. Retinal periphlebitis (RP) is often present in MS patients with similar evolution and histopathological changes as MS lesions. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of RP ...
Jaybhaye Amol P - - 2011
Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammatory damage to joints, kidney, central nervous system, and hematopoietic system in the form of fever, cutaneous lesion including skin rash, arthritis, anemia, and fatigue. We report a case in which the patient had features mimicking idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and ...
Sokolic Robert R Disorders of Immunity Section, Genetics and Molecular Biology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2011
Genetic deficiency of adenosine deaminase (ADA) can cause profound lymphopenia and result in the clinical presentation of severe combined immune deficiency (SCID). However, because of the ubiquitous expression of ADA, ADA-deficient patients often present also with nonimmunologic clinical problems, affecting the skeletal, central nervous, endocrine, and gastrointestinal systems. We now ...
Kowalska Maria - - 2011
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) was recently implicated by in vitro studies as a survival and proliferation factor for Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells. We evaluated pre-treatment serum M-CSF levels in 66 patients with histopathologic diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and looked for possible correlations with baseline clinical characteristics. Significantly higher M-CSF serum ...
Vilalta Anna - - 2011
This study sought to investigate whether normobaric hyperoxia (NH) improves brain oxygenation and brain metabolism in the early phase of severe and moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) and whether this effect occurs uniformly in all TBI patients. Thirty patients (9 women and 21 men) with a median initial Glasgow Coma ...
Rimoldi Stefano F - - 2012
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is a major public health problem characterized by exaggerated hypoxemia and erythrocytosis. In more advanced stages, patients with CMS often present with functional and structural changes of the pulmonary circulation, but there is little information on the systemic circulation. In patients with diseases associated with chronic ...
Tang S-C - - 2011
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an uncommon complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we report a 52-year-old woman with flare up of lupus activity, manifesting as spontaneous cerebral and spinal SAH due to central nervous system vasculitis. The patient received external ventricular drainage for hydrocephalus and pulse steroid and intravenous ...
Shihadeh Ferial F Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2012
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) infrequently involves the central nervous system (CNS). This study was undertaken in patients with AML to determine whether cytogenetic findings predict CNS involvement. The medical records of 1354 patients with AML who were treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between January 2000 ...
Ikenouchi-Sugita Atsuko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in the regulation of synaptic plasticity and neurotransmitter release across multiple neurotransmitter systems. Recent studies have suggested that BDNF plays a role in the pathogenesis of psychiatric symptoms in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the polymorphism ...
Morichi Shinichiro - - 2011
Infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is known to be associated with central nervous system symptoms such as convulsions. We investigated cytokines, nitrogen oxide (NO)( x ), and the viral genome in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained from children with RSV infection-related convulsions or central nervous symptoms and compared the data ...
Peric S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiac autonomic control in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and thymoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 21 patients with MG and thymoma and the same number of matched healthy volunteers. Standard cardiovascular reflex tests according to Ewing and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) at rest was ...
Gao H - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid diseases in Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and the relevance of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with lupus nephritis (LN). A large cohort of 1006 SLE patients was retrospectively analyzed. The prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease was 2.78%, clinical ...
Muñoz Esteban - - 2011
Nigrostriatal involvement is considered an additional feature in the new consensus criteria for the diagnosis of the cerebellar variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-C). However, so far, only a few studies, which include a relative small number of patients, give support to this criterion. Our objective was to assess nigrostriatal ...
Florica Brandusa - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), to determine 1) the prevalence and clinical features of peripheral neuropathies (PN) and whether they were SLE related, 2) whether there are associations between other SLE features and PN. METHODS: Patients who met the American College of Rheumatology case definition criteria for ...
Kita K - - 2011
Sensory disturbance is very common following stroke and may exacerbate a patient's functional impairment, even if the patient has good motor function. For instance, patients with sensory disturbances will often grip an object with excessive or underestimated pinch pressure, because they do not receive the appropriate sensory feedback and must ...
Siranović Mladen - - 2011
The accuracy of cardiac output measurement by two most widely used methods of less invasive hemodynamic monitoring and by the standard technique of thermodilution with pulmonary catheter was assessed. The measurements were carried out in septic surgical patients immediately after and between system calibrations. Study results showed satisfactory compatibility of ...
Pioche Mathieu - - 2011
Video capsule endoscopy is the first-intention examination in patients with obscure GI bleeding. The new MiroCam capsule, when using electric-field propagation for transmission, has been poorly evaluated in a clinical setting, in contrast with the PillCam SB2 capsule. To evaluate the diagnostic concordance (κ value) between PillCam SB2 and MiroCam ...
Oz Oğuzhan - - 2011
Background/Aims: We aimed to electrophysiologically evaluate the autonomic function in acromegalic patients using sympathetic skin response (SSR) as a reflection of the sympathetic sudomotor activity and RR interval variation (RRIV) as an indicator of the cardiovagal autonomic function. Methods: The study group consisted of 18 male acromegalics, and the control ...
Baraba Ranka - - 2011
The aim of the study was to identify the most common electrophysiological abnormalities in early Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Neurophysiological data on 51 GBS patients assessed within 12 days of symptom onset were reviewed. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) was present in 46 of 51 GBS patients. The following abnormalities were ...
Ozkavukcu Esra - - 2011
The aims of this study were to determine the frequencies of the perianal fistula subtypes according to the Parks and St. James's University Hospital (SJUH) classification systems and to evaluate the adequacy of these two systems for classifying and reporting perianal fistulas. Magnetic resonance imaging examinations of 52 patients (44 ...
Chung Shiu-Dong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:  The imbalanced autonomic nervous system present in hyperthyroidism may cause lower urinary tract symptoms. Urinary incontinence (UI) is the most bothersome lower urinary tract symptom, however, in the literature, reports regarding urinary dysfunction and/or incontinence among hyperthyroid patients are scarce. This population-based cohort study aimed to examine the relationship ...
Park Michael Hoe Kwung - - 2011
Aims To document symptomatic episodes of palpitations with traditional methods such as24 h Holter monitoring (HM) or loop recorders remains a big challenge in clinical practice. Clinical trials with patient-activated electrocardiography (ECG) recorders show increased diagnostic yield in such patients. However, studies in the paediatric population are limited. We want ...
Hosking C - - 2011
Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO(2) ) is suggested to reflect the adequacy of oxygen delivery, and the main objective of the present study was to determine whether ScvO(2) is associated with outcome in haemodynamically stabilized trauma patients. Methods: Haemodynamically unstable trauma patients receiving a central venous line within 1 h ...
Higashi-Shingai Kayoko - - 2011
AIMS: We report the case of a 58-year-old female patient who consulted our Department complaining of positional vertigo and showing spontaneous upbeat nystagmus (UBN) in darkness. METHOD: We analyzed her UBN three-dimensionally. The MRI scan revealed the astrocytoma in the left cerebellum involving the cerebellar vermis. RESULT: Three-dimensional analysis showed ...
Perlas Anahi - - 2011
Background: Aspiration pneumonia remains a serious anesthetic-related complication. A reliable diagnostic tool to assess gastric volume is currently lacking. We recently demonstrated that gastric sonography can provide reliable qualitative and quantitative information about gastric content and volume in healthy volunteers. In the current study, we performed a prospective qualitative and ...
Kim Sung-Min - - 2011
Increased blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption can be found in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO); however, its clinical implication and association with disability at acute attack remains obscure. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of BBB disruption and the subsequent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/serum IgG gradient in ...
Valles-Antuña Consuelo - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: • To assess the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). • To evaluate the reliability of clinical tests such as the five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and the Neuropathy Symptom Score (NSS) classification system in predicting the concurrence of peripheral neuropathy. PATIENTS ...
Stancoven Amy B - - 2011
Troponin levels have been correlated with adverse outcomes in multiple disease processes, including congestive heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, sepsis, and, in a few small series, infective endocarditis. We hypothesized that a novel measurement of troponin using a highly sensitive assay would correlate with adverse outcomes when prospectively studied in ...
Maude Richard J - - 2011
Fundus fluorescein angiography has great potential as a unique non-invasive tool to investigate in vivo the microvascular pathogenesis of a wide variety of diseases affecting the central nervous system. However, because it requires a bulky and expensive tabletop retinal camera, it is normally limited to cooperative and alert seated patients ...
Zeng Fang - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abnormal processing of visceral sensation at the level of the central nervous system is believed to be involved in functional dyspepsia. However, compared with studies of stimulation-related changes in brain activity, few studies have focused on resting brain activity, which also is important in pathogenesis. We mapped ...
Beisteiner R - - 2011
Despite there being an increasing number of installations of ultra high field MR systems (>3T) in clinical environments, no functional patient investigations have yet examined possible benefits for functional diagnostics. Here we performed presurgical localization of the primary motor hand area on 3T and 7T Siemens scanners with identical investigational ...
Lee Hajeong - - 2011
Background  Vascular stiffness is associated with cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients and related with vascular calcification and microvascular inflammation. The objective of this study is to compare predictability of two different vascular calcification scoring (VCS) systems using plain radiographs in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Methods  Vascular stiffness was represented by ...
Kim J K - - 2011
Tracheal intubations with the Airway Scope or the Clarus Video System, a new rigid fibrescope, were compared in 140 patients whose necks were immobilised by cervical collars. The time for intubation, success rate, number of attempts and number of optimisation manoeuvres were assessed. Mean (SD) intubation time was longer with ...
Zhang Longjiang - - 2011
Many neuroimaging investigations focus on hepatic encephalopathy (HE); however, few investigate default-mode network (DMN) in the patients with HE and its underlying physiological relevance using resting-state fMRI. In this study, independent component analysis was used to retrieve components representing the DMN of patients with HE (n = 14) and healthy ...
Wu Bechien U - - 2011
Aggressive fluid resuscitation is recommended for initial management of acute pancreatitis. We performed a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the impact of a goal-directed fluid resuscitation protocol on systemic inflammation in patients with acute pancreatitis. We then determined the impact of resuscitation with lactated Ringer's solution, compared with normal saline. ...
Habek Mario - - 2011
We present a female patient with central positioning nystagmus and vertigo (c-PPV) due to a pontine stroke. To our knowledge this is the first report of central upbeat positioning nystagmus caused by pontine lacunar stroke. This report, together with those published previously, supports the existence of a crossing ventral tegmental ...
Padhi Somanath - - 2011
We aimed to analyze the clinical, radiological, surgicopathological and clinical outcome data of patients who underwent surgery for central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastoma (HBL) with or without von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. The clinico pathological and radiological findings, management and clinical outcome of patients with CNS HBL (operated between 2000 and ...
Kim Woojun - - 2011
Background: Although brain abnormalities are being recognized more frequently in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), most brain lesions in previous reports have accompanied pre-existing NMOSD. Here, we describe clinical and imaging characteristics of patients with NMOSD who presented with brain symptoms as their first manifestation of the condition. ...
Wicklund M R - - 2011
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is a relatively well-defined clinical syndrome. It is associated with frontal and temporal lobe structural/metabolic changes and pathologic findings of a neurodegenerative disease. We have been evaluating patients with clinical and imaging features partially consistent with bvFTD but with evidence also suggestive of brain sagging, ...
Halim Alex - - 2011
Increasing attention is being paid to the non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). While deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been shown to clearly improve motor symptoms of PD, the effects of STN DBS on autonomic symptoms have not been well studied. We examined 11 patients ...
Shu Ni - - 2011
Little is currently known about the alterations in the topological organization of the white matter (WM) structural networks in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we used diffusion tensor imaging and deterministic tractography to map the WM structural networks in 39 MS patients and 39 age- and ...
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