Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1343
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Oz Oğuzhan - - 2011
Background/Aims: We aimed to electrophysiologically evaluate the autonomic function in acromegalic patients using sympathetic skin response (SSR) as a reflection of the sympathetic sudomotor activity and RR interval variation (RRIV) as an indicator of the cardiovagal autonomic function. Methods: The study group consisted of 18 male acromegalics, and the control ...
Baraba Ranka - - 2011
The aim of the study was to identify the most common electrophysiological abnormalities in early Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Neurophysiological data on 51 GBS patients assessed within 12 days of symptom onset were reviewed. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) was present in 46 of 51 GBS patients. The following abnormalities were ...
Ozkavukcu Esra - - 2011
The aims of this study were to determine the frequencies of the perianal fistula subtypes according to the Parks and St. James's University Hospital (SJUH) classification systems and to evaluate the adequacy of these two systems for classifying and reporting perianal fistulas. Magnetic resonance imaging examinations of 52 patients (44 ...
Chung Shiu-Dong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:  The imbalanced autonomic nervous system present in hyperthyroidism may cause lower urinary tract symptoms. Urinary incontinence (UI) is the most bothersome lower urinary tract symptom, however, in the literature, reports regarding urinary dysfunction and/or incontinence among hyperthyroid patients are scarce. This population-based cohort study aimed to examine the relationship ...
Park Michael Hoe Kwung - - 2011
Aims To document symptomatic episodes of palpitations with traditional methods such as24 h Holter monitoring (HM) or loop recorders remains a big challenge in clinical practice. Clinical trials with patient-activated electrocardiography (ECG) recorders show increased diagnostic yield in such patients. However, studies in the paediatric population are limited. We want ...
Hosking C - - 2011
Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO(2) ) is suggested to reflect the adequacy of oxygen delivery, and the main objective of the present study was to determine whether ScvO(2) is associated with outcome in haemodynamically stabilized trauma patients. Methods: Haemodynamically unstable trauma patients receiving a central venous line within 1 h ...
Higashi-Shingai Kayoko - - 2011
AIMS: We report the case of a 58-year-old female patient who consulted our Department complaining of positional vertigo and showing spontaneous upbeat nystagmus (UBN) in darkness. METHOD: We analyzed her UBN three-dimensionally. The MRI scan revealed the astrocytoma in the left cerebellum involving the cerebellar vermis. RESULT: Three-dimensional analysis showed ...
Perlas Anahi - - 2011
Background: Aspiration pneumonia remains a serious anesthetic-related complication. A reliable diagnostic tool to assess gastric volume is currently lacking. We recently demonstrated that gastric sonography can provide reliable qualitative and quantitative information about gastric content and volume in healthy volunteers. In the current study, we performed a prospective qualitative and ...
Kim Sung-Min - - 2011
Increased blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption can be found in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO); however, its clinical implication and association with disability at acute attack remains obscure. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of BBB disruption and the subsequent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/serum IgG gradient in ...
Valles-Antuña Consuelo - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: • To assess the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). • To evaluate the reliability of clinical tests such as the five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and the Neuropathy Symptom Score (NSS) classification system in predicting the concurrence of peripheral neuropathy. PATIENTS ...
Stancoven Amy B - - 2011
Troponin levels have been correlated with adverse outcomes in multiple disease processes, including congestive heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, sepsis, and, in a few small series, infective endocarditis. We hypothesized that a novel measurement of troponin using a highly sensitive assay would correlate with adverse outcomes when prospectively studied in ...
Maude Richard J - - 2011
Fundus fluorescein angiography has great potential as a unique non-invasive tool to investigate in vivo the microvascular pathogenesis of a wide variety of diseases affecting the central nervous system. However, because it requires a bulky and expensive tabletop retinal camera, it is normally limited to cooperative and alert seated patients ...
Zeng Fang - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abnormal processing of visceral sensation at the level of the central nervous system is believed to be involved in functional dyspepsia. However, compared with studies of stimulation-related changes in brain activity, few studies have focused on resting brain activity, which also is important in pathogenesis. We mapped ...
Beisteiner R - - 2011
Despite there being an increasing number of installations of ultra high field MR systems (>3T) in clinical environments, no functional patient investigations have yet examined possible benefits for functional diagnostics. Here we performed presurgical localization of the primary motor hand area on 3T and 7T Siemens scanners with identical investigational ...
Lee Hajeong - - 2011
Background  Vascular stiffness is associated with cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients and related with vascular calcification and microvascular inflammation. The objective of this study is to compare predictability of two different vascular calcification scoring (VCS) systems using plain radiographs in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Methods  Vascular stiffness was represented by ...
Kim J K - - 2011
Tracheal intubations with the Airway Scope or the Clarus Video System, a new rigid fibrescope, were compared in 140 patients whose necks were immobilised by cervical collars. The time for intubation, success rate, number of attempts and number of optimisation manoeuvres were assessed. Mean (SD) intubation time was longer with ...
Zhang Longjiang - - 2011
Many neuroimaging investigations focus on hepatic encephalopathy (HE); however, few investigate default-mode network (DMN) in the patients with HE and its underlying physiological relevance using resting-state fMRI. In this study, independent component analysis was used to retrieve components representing the DMN of patients with HE (n = 14) and healthy ...
Wu Bechien U - - 2011
Aggressive fluid resuscitation is recommended for initial management of acute pancreatitis. We performed a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the impact of a goal-directed fluid resuscitation protocol on systemic inflammation in patients with acute pancreatitis. We then determined the impact of resuscitation with lactated Ringer's solution, compared with normal saline. ...
Habek Mario - - 2011
We present a female patient with central positioning nystagmus and vertigo (c-PPV) due to a pontine stroke. To our knowledge this is the first report of central upbeat positioning nystagmus caused by pontine lacunar stroke. This report, together with those published previously, supports the existence of a crossing ventral tegmental ...
Padhi Somanath - - 2011
We aimed to analyze the clinical, radiological, surgicopathological and clinical outcome data of patients who underwent surgery for central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastoma (HBL) with or without von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. The clinico pathological and radiological findings, management and clinical outcome of patients with CNS HBL (operated between 2000 and ...
Kim Woojun - - 2011
Background: Although brain abnormalities are being recognized more frequently in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), most brain lesions in previous reports have accompanied pre-existing NMOSD. Here, we describe clinical and imaging characteristics of patients with NMOSD who presented with brain symptoms as their first manifestation of the condition. ...
Wicklund M R - - 2011
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is a relatively well-defined clinical syndrome. It is associated with frontal and temporal lobe structural/metabolic changes and pathologic findings of a neurodegenerative disease. We have been evaluating patients with clinical and imaging features partially consistent with bvFTD but with evidence also suggestive of brain sagging, ...
Halim Alex - - 2011
Increasing attention is being paid to the non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). While deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been shown to clearly improve motor symptoms of PD, the effects of STN DBS on autonomic symptoms have not been well studied. We examined 11 patients ...
Shu Ni - - 2011
Little is currently known about the alterations in the topological organization of the white matter (WM) structural networks in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we used diffusion tensor imaging and deterministic tractography to map the WM structural networks in 39 MS patients and 39 age- and ...
Cazzato I A - - 2011
Some patients affected by nickel-contact allergy present digestive symptoms in addition to systemic cutaneous manifestations, falling under the condition known as Systemic Nickel Allergy Syndrome (SNAS). A nickel-related pro-inflammatory status has been documented at intestinal mucosal level. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of lactose ...
Yadav Ravi - - 2011
Neurological affection in Sjogren's syndrome (SS) can occur in the central and peripheral nervous system. Literature describing the neurological involvement in SS among Indian patients is lacking. Six patients of SS fulfilling the histological or serological criteria of the American European Consensus Group for SS were studied prospectively. The patients ...
Lee Jae-Young - - 2011
Torsade de pointes (TdP) is a devastating form of polymorphic ventricular arrhythmia associated with corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation. TdP usually terminates spontaneously but frequently recurs and may degenerate to ventricular fibrillation. The present report describes a case of TdP in a patient being transferred to the postanesthetic care unit ...
Pandey Ravindra R Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, - - 2011
Alkaptonuria is a rare inherited genetic disorder of tyrosine metabolism characterized by a triad of homogentisic aciduria, ochronosis, and arthritis. The most common clinical manifestations of ochronosis involve the musculoskeletal, respiratory, airway, cardiovascular, genitourinary, cutaneous, and ocular systems. We report the perioperative anesthetic management of a 56-year-old alkaptonuric patient, with ...
Czechowicz Bartłomiej - - 2011
Background and purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of visual control on parameters of postural stability among patients with Parkinson disease (PD) in comparison with control subjects. Material and methods : Fifty patients diagnosed with idiopathic PD and 50 control subjects without features of central ...
Buckley Peter F - - 2011
To review the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in neuroplasticity related to schizophrenia and the recent findings that have been reported on the status of BDNF in patients with schizophrenia and its association with the clinical measures. Peripheral BDNF levels have been found altered in first-episode patients with psychosis ...
Vakilian Ali Reza - - 2011
Objective: To compare heart rate variability (HRV) and QT dispersion in comatose patients with normal brainstem function and with brain death. Study Design: Cross-sectional comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: The Intensive Care Unit of Ali-Ebn-Abitaleleb Hopital, Rafsanjan Medical University from September 2007 to June 2009. Methodology: Fourteen brain ...
Magraner Maria José - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this work is to study the relationship between the presence of lipid-specific oligoclonal IgM bands (LS-OCMB) in CSF, with both T2 lesion volume (T2LV) accumulation and brain atrophy (percentage change of brain volume-PCBV-and brain parenchyma fraction-BPF) in patients with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) suggestive of demyelination. ...
Bouzat Pierre - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Detecting patients at risk for secondary neurological deterioration (SND) after mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) is challenging. OBJECTIVE:: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of transcranial Doppler (TCD) on admission in screening these patients. METHODS:: This prospective, observational cohort study enrolled 98 TBI patients with an initial Glasgow ...
Palmieri A - - 2011
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I) is a neuromuscular disorder with a heterogeneous phenotype. It is caused by mutations in the Fukutin Related Protein (FKRP) gene, which is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues. FKRP functions in CNS are largely unknown. To investigate possible cognitive impairment in LGMD2I and to describe brain ...
Peña Joaquín A - - 2011
To analyze the clinical, neuroimaging characteristics and positivity of the acquaporin water channel (NMO-IgG) in pediatric patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). This disorder could have a variable clinical expression. To address such variability, the term NMO spectrum has been suggested. We evaluated six pediatric patients, with a median age of ...
Andrade Almir Ferreira de - - 2011
Ventricular drainage has played an important role in the management of traumatic brain-injured patients. The aim of the present study was describe outcomes in a series of 57 patients with diffuse brain swelling underwent to intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. Fifty-eight patients with diffuse posttraumatic brain swelling, were evaluated prospectively. The ...
Trauninger Anita - - 2011
Brain white matter hyperintensities are more prevalent in migraine patients than in the general population, but the pathogenesis and the risk factors of these hyperintensities are not fully elucidated. The authors analyzed the routine clinical data of 186 migraine patients who were referred to the Outpatient Headache Department of the ...
Hanna R M - - 2011
We sought to create a classification system for pediatric corpus callosal abnormalities (CCA) based upon midline sagittal brain MRI. We used the term CCA for patients with structural variants of the corpus callosum, excluding patients with interhemispheric cyst variant or pure dysplasia without hypoplasia. Currently, no system exists for nonsyndromic ...
Aguilar Jose A - - 2011
ABSRACT X-Linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) is a rapidly progressive and disabling neurodegenerative disease affecting mainly male Filipinos with origins from Panay Island. We reviewed all the past neurosurgical ablative procedures done for XDP patients listed in the Philippine XDP registry. From 1960 to 1982, six patients had undergone bilateral chemopallidotomies ...
Geraci Alessandra - - 2011
We investigated the cognitive processes underlying inferential reasoning, comparing performance of patients suffering from schizophrenia with that of patients with brain injury in an attempt to understand the nature of the social impairments in schizophrenia. Inferential reasoning on mental and physical states and second-order false belief attribution was assessed in ...
Lin Bin - - 2011
Recent studies have indicated that early brain injury may be responsible for the detrimental effects seen in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In this study, we investigated the relationship between apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) polymorphism and the change of brain function in the early stage of aneurysmal SAH. A total ...
Mellergård Pekka - - 2011
Microdialysis has become a routine method for biochemical surveillance of patients in neurosurgical intensive care units. To analyze the intracerebral extracellular levels of 3 interleukins (ILs) during the 7 days after major subarachnoid hemorrhage or traumatic brain injury). Microdialysate from 145 severely injured neurosurgical intensive care unit patients (88 with ...
Alexiou George A - - 2011
Background and purpose : We evaluated brain abnormalities associated with myelomeningocele in infants. Material and methods : Between June 1995 and June 2008, 42 patients with myelomeningocele were treated in our hospital. Only 24 patients (13 males, 11 females, mean age 1.5 months, range 1 day - 11 months) were ...
Tomkins Oren - - 2011
Recent animal experiments indicate a critical role for opening of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE). This study aimed to investigate the frequency, extent, and functional correlates of BBB disruption in epileptic patients following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Thirty-seven TBI patients were included in ...
Razek Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of levodopa on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the brain parenchyma in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). Prospective study was conducted on native PD without treatment (n = 25) and patients receiving levodopa (L-Dopa) (n = 25). Diffusion magnetic resonance-weighted imaging was done using ...
Furtado Larissa V - - 2011
The Goldenhar anomaly (GA) is a heterogeneous field defect of uncertain cause and wide variability of expression, characterized by facial phenotypes, usually asymmetric and unilateral, accompanied by various combinations and gradations of cardiac, skeletal, renal, and central nervous system defects. We report the pathologic findings in a 5-month-old boy with ...
Ediz L - - 2011
The prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and its association with the clinical features of Behçet's disease (BD) has not previously been elucidated. The inflammatory character, central nervous system involvement and neuropathies of BD led to this investigation of RLS risk in BD patients. A total of 116 BD patients ...
Milaković Branko - - 2011
This review will examine the most important issues of preoperative evaluation and preparation in relation to patients with deseases affecting the central nervous system. Those patients may undergo various forms of surgery unrelated to the central nervous system disease. We discuss the effect of physiologic and pharmacological factors on cerebral ...
Fathallah Neila - - 2011
We report a case of massive poisoning with meprobamate leading to acute pancreatitis. A 43-year-old patient with a history of schizophrenia and multiple suicide attempts was admitted to the intensive care unit for severe poisoning with meprobamate (voluntary ingestion of 60 g). On admission, the patient was deeply comatose with ...
van Hal T W - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by vascular alterations and immunological disturbances and fibrosis, the order of which remains to be fully determined. Clinically, patients show clear signs of hypoxia in skin and internal organs. The low oxygen tension is potentially caused by a yet to be indentified ...
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