Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1363
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Gómez Carlos - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to analyze resting-state brain activity in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), a degenerative disorder of the nervous system. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) signals were recorded with a 151-channel whole-head radial gradiometer MEG system in 18 early-stage untreated PD patients and 20 age-matched control subjects. Artifact-free ...
Ponnusamy Athi - - 2011
Heart rate variability (HRV) metrics provide reliable information about the functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and have been discussed as biomarkers in anxiety and personality disorders. We wanted to explore the potential of various HRV metrics (VLF, LF, HF, SDNN, RMSSD, cardiovagal index, cardiosympathetic index, approximate entropy) as ...
Kipshidze N - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) by an unknown pathogenesis. MR venography and postmortem studies have demonstrated a topographic correspondence between multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques and the cerebral venous system pathology. In recent observational studies performed on patients from distinctive gene pools, ...
Sato Douglas - - 2011
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease of central nervous system classically characterized by acute, severe episodes of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, usually with a relapsing course. The identification of an autoantibody exclusively detected in NMO patients against aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) has allowed identification of cases beyond the ...
Yates Scott W - - 2011
The objective of this review is to summarize data from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) and Apixaban Versus Acetylsalicylic Acid to Prevent Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Who Have Failed or Are Unsuitable for Vitamin K Antagonist Treatment (AVERROES) trials of ...
Langwińska-Wośko Ewa - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of capsulorhexis diameter, localization and shape on posterior capsule opacification (PCO) development after cataract extraction with phacoemulsification. We retrospectively analyzed of 297 patients who underwent phacoemulsification and AcrySof SA60AT implantation. In a first group of 97 patients, 53 received small ...
Dubbioso Raffaele - - 2011
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a small expansion of a short polyalanine tract in poly(A) binding protein nuclear 1 (PABPN1). It presents with adult onset of progressive eyelid drooping, swallowing difficulties and proximal limb weakness, usually without involvement of central nervous system (CNS). However, cognitive ...
Castellino G - - 2011
Objectives: To assess the utility of a combined neuroimaging approach in the follow up of patients affected by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with and without neuropsychiatric (NP) involvement. Methods: Patients who underwent a first combined brain conventional magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and later ...
Varoni Elena M - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) Background:  Clobetasol is the most potent topical corticosteroid used in oral medicine for muco-cutaneous diseases. Several papers reported about patients with cushingoid appearance, suggesting an adrenal suppression related to clobetasol systemic absorption after local application. Owing to the lack of studies, our goal is to ...
Ramos-Remus Cesar - - 2011
Although arthritis is the most notable component, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disorder where extra-articular manifestations are common; among them, central and peripheral nervous system involvement is frequent and associated with significant morbidity and, in some cases, reduced life span. It may produce a myriad of symptoms and ...
Monteiro Ta - - 2011
Objectives: Patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) have distinct clinical manifestations, usually with more aggressive organ involvement and highermortality than limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSC).Hearing loss had not yet been evaluated in this subtype, so our aim was to assess the auditory system of dcSSc patients in a controlled ...
Moynihan James - - 2011
In addressing the question of what seems to prevent multiple sclerosis (MS) in the tropics this paper reviews work done by various researchers and suggests that MS incidence may be affected in the ensemble by the endocrine system's response to environment temperature, the skin's response to sunlight, and by the ...
Bociąga-Jasik Monika - - 2011
Herpetic encephalitis (HSE) is one of the most severe infection of the central nervous system (CNS), connected with high mortality rate, even when appropriate therapy has been introduced. Better understanding of pathomechanisms responsible for neuronal injury during the course of the disease can be useful in the assessment of the ...
Zivadinov Robert - - 2011
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) was recently described in multiple sclerosis patients. CCSVI is characterized by impaired brain venous drainage due to outflow obstruction in the extracranial venous system, mostly related to anomalies in the internal jugular and azygos veins. The current CCSVI diagnosis is based on Doppler sonography of ...
Kotoda Atsushi - - 2011
It is widely assumed that central venous stenosis (CVS) is most commonly associated with previous central venous catheterization among the chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. We evaluated the validity of this assumption in this retrospective study. The clinical records from 2,856 consecutive HD patients with vascular access failure during a 5-year ...
Ivanković Mira - - 2011
Peripheral facial palsy is a clinical entity, which may be presented as the first symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Although MS is mostly a multifocal chronic inflammation of the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system can also be involved. Isolated cranial nerve palsies are rare and occur in 1.6% of ...
Kirchner Hanni - - 2011
A significant number of patients with bilateral vestibulopathy suffer from cerebellar ataxia and central vestibular symptoms and vice versa. We examined 31 patients presenting with the combination of gait and stance ataxia, cerebellar ocular motor signs, and a bilaterally pathological head-impulse test (HIT). Tests included neuro-orthoptical examination, electromyography and neurography, ...
Gabelić Tereza - - 2011
Creutzfeld-Jacob disease (CJD) is a degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, potentially disabling, immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Here, we report a 50-year-old woman who, two years after the diagnosis of relapsing remitting MS, developed altered consciousness, dystonic posture of the ...
Wiszniewski Adam - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence rate for inherited thrombophilia (IT) in patients with chronic (CVU) and recurrent venous leg ulceration. We also investigated and evaluated the severity of the clinical pattern of CVU in patients with and without IT. We examined 110 patients with CVU ...
Hoffmann Björn - - 2011
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter disease) is a lysosomal storage disease attributable to X-linked deficiency of the enzyme α-L-iduronate-sulfatase. Because of this deficiency, glycosaminoglycanes accumulate in various tissues and body fluids. We describe three patients representing the broad spectrum of Hunter disease and their response to enzyme replacement therapy. Patient 1 ...
Alpeza-Dunato Zvjezdana - - 2011
Measurements of central cornea thickness (CCT) have a very important value in glaucoma patients; if the central cornea is thinner than it suggests, then the intraocular pressure is falsely low. This study compares the central cornea thickness between patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, open angle glaucoma, angle closure glaucoma and control ...
Lenz M - - 2011
In a previous study, we found bilateral disinhibition in the motor cortex of patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). This finding suggests a complex dysfunction of central motor-sensory circuits. The aim of our present study was to assess possible bilateral excitability changes in the somatosensory system of patients with ...
Alonso Joaquín Valle - - 2011
Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) represent a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by a microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, peripheral thrombocytopenia, and organ failure of variable severity. TMAs encompass thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), typically characterized by fever, central nervous system manifestations and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), in which renal failure is the prominent abnormality. ...
Muñoz-Espinosa Linda - - 2011
The revised score of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (R-IAIHG) and the simplified criteria (SC) are used for diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Our aim is to evaluate the performance of these classifications to differentiate AIH from other autoimmune liver diseases. The frequency of diagnosis of definite AIH was similar ...
Niwa Fumitoshi - - 2011
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) often suffer from non-motor symptoms, including sleep and autonomic dysfunctions, controlled by circadian regulation. To evaluate the alteration of circadian rhythm in PD patients, we investigated both rest activities and autonomic functions. Twenty-seven patients with idiopathic PD and 30 age-matched control subjects were recruited. Group ...
Yanagisawa Takufumi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Paralyzed patients may benefit from restoration of movement afforded by prosthetics controlled by electrocorticography (ECoG). Although ECoG shows promising results in human volunteers, it is unclear whether ECoG signals recorded from chronically paralyzed patients provide sufficient motor information, and if they do, whether they can be applied to control ...
Jung Sung Hoon - - 2011
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has been widely used for patients with swallowing dysfunction. However, its beneficial effects in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PEG on the prevention of GER in patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding. ...
Athuraliya Nimmi T C - - 2011
The global prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of uncertain etiology may be underreported. Community-level epidemiological studies are few due to the lack of national registries and poor focus on the reporting of non-communicable diseases. Here we describe the prevalence of proteinuric-CKD and disease characteristics of three rural populations in ...
Vaknin-Dembinsky Adi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although overt involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in myasthenia gravis (MG) is considered rare, hyperreflexia is a common and yet unexplained finding. Aquaporin 4 (AQP4), the target autoantigen in neuromyelitis optica, is expressed both in the CNS and in the neuromuscular junction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence ...
Schindera Christina - - 2011
PURPOSE: Optic pathway gliomas, which occur in 15-20% of paediatric patients with neurofibromatosis type 1, are the most common central nervous system tumour associated with this neurocutaneous disorder. The detection of optic pathway gliomas is essential for further management but is often delayed in infancy due to oligosymptomatic progression and ...
Shiratsuchi Nahoko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: CD8(+) T lymphocytes in the peripheral airways have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. However, the significance of CD8(+) T lymphocyte activation in COPD is not well understood. A biomarker of CD8(+) T lymphocyte activation in patients with COPD is required. METHODS: Thirty COPD patients ...
Wenning Gregor Karl - - 2011
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a cardinal feature of autonomic failure in multiple system atrophy (MSA); however, there are few comparative data on OH in the motor subtypes of MSA. In the present retrospective study, postural blood pressure drop after 3 min of standing was determined in 16 patients with the cerebellar ...
Kollaee Abolghasem - - 2011
Abstract CD24 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol(GPI) linked cell surface glycoprotein expressed in central nervous system cells. Recent investigations have suggested that CD24 participates in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, a limited number of studies have been published regarding the contribution of ...
Jesus A A - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) patients. Methods: Some 72 JSLE patients were analyzed for levels of immunoglobulin classes and IgG subclasses and early components of the classical complement pathway. Determination of C4 gene copy number (GCN) and detection of type ...
Schuele Stephan U - - 2011
Epidemiological evidence associating ictal hypoventilation during focal seizures with a heightened risk for subsequent sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is lacking. We describe a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy with two focal seizures recorded in the epilepsy monitoring unit that were associated with central apnea lasting 57 and 58seconds. ...
Rahman Ricardo C - - 2011
Hemorrhagic colitis (HC) is a severe manifestation of the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with HC with the following aims: (1) to characterize the clinicopathologic features; (2) to evaluate mortality rate; (3) to analyze severity of renal and central nervous system (CNS) disease. Patients ...
Kwon Jee-Hyun - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Intra-arterial (IA) thrombolysis with plasminogen activator is well-known, but the use of IA tirofiban as an adjuvant for IA thrombolysis is not well-known. We investigated the feasibility of IA tirofiban as an adjuvant after unsuccessful IA recanalization with urokinase (UK) for acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all ...
Damasceno Alfredo - - 2011
Sensory neuronopathies (SN) are peripheral nervous system disorders associated with degeneration of dorsal root ganglion neurons. Despite the evidence of a defective proprioceptive sensory input in SN,the prominent gait and truncal ataxia raises the question of a concomitant involvement of the cerebellum. To evaluate cerebellar atrophy in SN. We analyzed ...
Raithel M - - 2011
Clinical symptoms of patients with mastocytosis may include skin reactions, but also gastrointestinal symptoms with hyperacidity and dysmotility (e.g. ulcer, diarrhea, pain). They are mostly caused by mediators derived from activated mast cells. In order to investigate the impact of leukotrienes on the clinical symptoms excretion of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) ...
Verezen Cornelis A - - 2011
PURPOSE.: This study describes the binocular eccentric gaze direction (EGD) of 434 patients with binocular central field loss and presents a comparison with other studies on eccentric gaze behavior. METHODS.: We reviewed the records of 434 patients with bilateral central scotomas. Eligible patients had not received eccentric viewing training and ...
Santillan Salas Carlos F - - 2011
Trichoderma longibrachiatum is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of Trichoderma post-operative mediastinitis and peritonitis in a child with complex congenital cardiac disease and functional asplenia. The patient was treated unsuccessfully initially with caspofungin alone followed by a combination of voriconazole (systemic and topical), caspofungin and ...
Katsiari Christina G - - 2011
Objective.- To clarify whether headache, and particularly migraine, belongs to the spectrum of neurologic manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the archetypal autoimmune disease. Methods.- Consecutive SLE patients were matched 1:1 for age, gender, and level of education with healthy control subjects. A representative subgroup of SLE patients were also ...
Rodríguez-Reyna Tatiana S - - 2011
Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis and vasculopathy. A key feature is the presence of T cells in inflammatory lesions. To establish the differences in peripheral blood T helper (Th) subpopulations in diffuse cutaneous (dc) and limited cutaneous (lc) SSc patients, blood samples from 57 dcSSc ...
Jang Yoon Young - - 2012
We reviewed the findings of a video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) of 28 patients with vocal cord paralysis (VCP) who complained of swallowing difficulties. VFSSs were performed with thick and thin liquid using modified Logemann methods. The patients were grouped according to whether their VCP was of central or peripheral ...
Schmeiser T - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune connective tissue disease. Of the numerous organ manifestations, involvement of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract (GIT) appears to be the most frequent with regard to the clinical symptoms. However, as the frequency and clinical relevance of GI involvement in patients with SSc ...
Kawashiri Shin-Ya - - 2011
A 50-year-old Japanese woman, a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with chronic lupus peritonitis, developed massive small intestinal hemorrhaging. She was treated with intravenous pulse of methylprednisolone, intravenous pulse of cyclophosphamide (IVCY), and immunoabsorption, but the peritonitis was refractory to these treatments. Subsequently, she was treated with oral ...
Bhanot Yanish - - 2011
Spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs in the most productive part of life. Treatment options for treatment of chronic SCI are few and have limited impact on clinical outcome. Central nervous system (CNS) has limited intrinsic regeneration capability. The study included patients with chronic complete SCI. Previously harvested autologous mesenchymal stem ...
Pegelow Marie - - 2011
This retrospective study was carried out on consecutively collected dental casts, x-rays, and photos of 129 Swedish children who had been born with non-syndromic unilateral (U) cleft lip (CL), cleft lip and alveolus (CLA), or cleft lip and palate (CLP). The following dental characteristics were investigated in the primary and ...
Peltz Elena - - 2011
A triad of clinical symptoms, ie, autonomic, motor and sensory dysfunctions, characterizes complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS). Sensory dysfunction comprises sensory loss or spontaneous and stimulus-evoked pain. Furthermore, a disturbance in the body schema may occur. In the present study, patients with CRPS of the upper extremity and healthy controls ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2011
PURPOSES AND METHODS: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare dysmorphic disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation. Although epilepsy is one of the most common clinical complications associated with KS, few studies have evaluated its electroclinical aspects and long-term outcome. Therefore, we describe here a clinical series of ...
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