Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1342
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Alpeza-Dunato Zvjezdana - - 2011
Measurements of central cornea thickness (CCT) have a very important value in glaucoma patients; if the central cornea is thinner than it suggests, then the intraocular pressure is falsely low. This study compares the central cornea thickness between patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, open angle glaucoma, angle closure glaucoma and control ...
Lenz M - - 2011
In a previous study, we found bilateral disinhibition in the motor cortex of patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). This finding suggests a complex dysfunction of central motor-sensory circuits. The aim of our present study was to assess possible bilateral excitability changes in the somatosensory system of patients with ...
Alonso Joaquín Valle - - 2011
Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) represent a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by a microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, peripheral thrombocytopenia, and organ failure of variable severity. TMAs encompass thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), typically characterized by fever, central nervous system manifestations and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), in which renal failure is the prominent abnormality. ...
Muñoz-Espinosa Linda - - 2011
The revised score of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (R-IAIHG) and the simplified criteria (SC) are used for diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Our aim is to evaluate the performance of these classifications to differentiate AIH from other autoimmune liver diseases. The frequency of diagnosis of definite AIH was similar ...
Niwa Fumitoshi - - 2011
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) often suffer from non-motor symptoms, including sleep and autonomic dysfunctions, controlled by circadian regulation. To evaluate the alteration of circadian rhythm in PD patients, we investigated both rest activities and autonomic functions. Twenty-seven patients with idiopathic PD and 30 age-matched control subjects were recruited. Group ...
Yanagisawa Takufumi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Paralyzed patients may benefit from restoration of movement afforded by prosthetics controlled by electrocorticography (ECoG). Although ECoG shows promising results in human volunteers, it is unclear whether ECoG signals recorded from chronically paralyzed patients provide sufficient motor information, and if they do, whether they can be applied to control ...
Jung Sung Hoon - - 2011
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has been widely used for patients with swallowing dysfunction. However, its beneficial effects in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PEG on the prevention of GER in patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding. ...
Athuraliya Nimmi T C - - 2011
The global prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of uncertain etiology may be underreported. Community-level epidemiological studies are few due to the lack of national registries and poor focus on the reporting of non-communicable diseases. Here we describe the prevalence of proteinuric-CKD and disease characteristics of three rural populations in ...
Vaknin-Dembinsky Adi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although overt involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in myasthenia gravis (MG) is considered rare, hyperreflexia is a common and yet unexplained finding. Aquaporin 4 (AQP4), the target autoantigen in neuromyelitis optica, is expressed both in the CNS and in the neuromuscular junction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence ...
Schindera Christina - - 2011
PURPOSE: Optic pathway gliomas, which occur in 15-20% of paediatric patients with neurofibromatosis type 1, are the most common central nervous system tumour associated with this neurocutaneous disorder. The detection of optic pathway gliomas is essential for further management but is often delayed in infancy due to oligosymptomatic progression and ...
Shiratsuchi Nahoko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: CD8(+) T lymphocytes in the peripheral airways have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. However, the significance of CD8(+) T lymphocyte activation in COPD is not well understood. A biomarker of CD8(+) T lymphocyte activation in patients with COPD is required. METHODS: Thirty COPD patients ...
Wenning Gregor Karl - - 2011
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a cardinal feature of autonomic failure in multiple system atrophy (MSA); however, there are few comparative data on OH in the motor subtypes of MSA. In the present retrospective study, postural blood pressure drop after 3 min of standing was determined in 16 patients with the cerebellar ...
Kollaee Abolghasem - - 2011
Abstract CD24 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol(GPI) linked cell surface glycoprotein expressed in central nervous system cells. Recent investigations have suggested that CD24 participates in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, a limited number of studies have been published regarding the contribution of ...
Jesus A A - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) patients. Methods: Some 72 JSLE patients were analyzed for levels of immunoglobulin classes and IgG subclasses and early components of the classical complement pathway. Determination of C4 gene copy number (GCN) and detection of type ...
Schuele Stephan U - - 2011
Epidemiological evidence associating ictal hypoventilation during focal seizures with a heightened risk for subsequent sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is lacking. We describe a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy with two focal seizures recorded in the epilepsy monitoring unit that were associated with central apnea lasting 57 and 58seconds. ...
Rahman Ricardo C - - 2011
Hemorrhagic colitis (HC) is a severe manifestation of the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with HC with the following aims: (1) to characterize the clinicopathologic features; (2) to evaluate mortality rate; (3) to analyze severity of renal and central nervous system (CNS) disease. Patients ...
Kwon Jee-Hyun - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Intra-arterial (IA) thrombolysis with plasminogen activator is well-known, but the use of IA tirofiban as an adjuvant for IA thrombolysis is not well-known. We investigated the feasibility of IA tirofiban as an adjuvant after unsuccessful IA recanalization with urokinase (UK) for acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all ...
Damasceno Alfredo - - 2011
Sensory neuronopathies (SN) are peripheral nervous system disorders associated with degeneration of dorsal root ganglion neurons. Despite the evidence of a defective proprioceptive sensory input in SN,the prominent gait and truncal ataxia raises the question of a concomitant involvement of the cerebellum. To evaluate cerebellar atrophy in SN. We analyzed ...
Raithel M - - 2011
Clinical symptoms of patients with mastocytosis may include skin reactions, but also gastrointestinal symptoms with hyperacidity and dysmotility (e.g. ulcer, diarrhea, pain). They are mostly caused by mediators derived from activated mast cells. In order to investigate the impact of leukotrienes on the clinical symptoms excretion of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) ...
Verezen Cornelis A - - 2011
PURPOSE.: This study describes the binocular eccentric gaze direction (EGD) of 434 patients with binocular central field loss and presents a comparison with other studies on eccentric gaze behavior. METHODS.: We reviewed the records of 434 patients with bilateral central scotomas. Eligible patients had not received eccentric viewing training and ...
Santillan Salas Carlos F - - 2011
Trichoderma longibrachiatum is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of Trichoderma post-operative mediastinitis and peritonitis in a child with complex congenital cardiac disease and functional asplenia. The patient was treated unsuccessfully initially with caspofungin alone followed by a combination of voriconazole (systemic and topical), caspofungin and ...
Katsiari Christina G - - 2011
Objective.- To clarify whether headache, and particularly migraine, belongs to the spectrum of neurologic manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the archetypal autoimmune disease. Methods.- Consecutive SLE patients were matched 1:1 for age, gender, and level of education with healthy control subjects. A representative subgroup of SLE patients were also ...
Rodríguez-Reyna Tatiana S - - 2011
Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis and vasculopathy. A key feature is the presence of T cells in inflammatory lesions. To establish the differences in peripheral blood T helper (Th) subpopulations in diffuse cutaneous (dc) and limited cutaneous (lc) SSc patients, blood samples from 57 dcSSc ...
Jang Yoon Young - - 2012
We reviewed the findings of a video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) of 28 patients with vocal cord paralysis (VCP) who complained of swallowing difficulties. VFSSs were performed with thick and thin liquid using modified Logemann methods. The patients were grouped according to whether their VCP was of central or peripheral ...
Schmeiser T - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune connective tissue disease. Of the numerous organ manifestations, involvement of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract (GIT) appears to be the most frequent with regard to the clinical symptoms. However, as the frequency and clinical relevance of GI involvement in patients with SSc ...
Kawashiri Shin-Ya - - 2011
A 50-year-old Japanese woman, a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with chronic lupus peritonitis, developed massive small intestinal hemorrhaging. She was treated with intravenous pulse of methylprednisolone, intravenous pulse of cyclophosphamide (IVCY), and immunoabsorption, but the peritonitis was refractory to these treatments. Subsequently, she was treated with oral ...
Bhanot Yanish - - 2011
Spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs in the most productive part of life. Treatment options for treatment of chronic SCI are few and have limited impact on clinical outcome. Central nervous system (CNS) has limited intrinsic regeneration capability. The study included patients with chronic complete SCI. Previously harvested autologous mesenchymal stem ...
Pegelow Marie - - 2011
This retrospective study was carried out on consecutively collected dental casts, x-rays, and photos of 129 Swedish children who had been born with non-syndromic unilateral (U) cleft lip (CL), cleft lip and alveolus (CLA), or cleft lip and palate (CLP). The following dental characteristics were investigated in the primary and ...
Peltz Elena - - 2011
A triad of clinical symptoms, ie, autonomic, motor and sensory dysfunctions, characterizes complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS). Sensory dysfunction comprises sensory loss or spontaneous and stimulus-evoked pain. Furthermore, a disturbance in the body schema may occur. In the present study, patients with CRPS of the upper extremity and healthy controls ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2011
PURPOSES AND METHODS: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare dysmorphic disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation. Although epilepsy is one of the most common clinical complications associated with KS, few studies have evaluated its electroclinical aspects and long-term outcome. Therefore, we describe here a clinical series of ...
Chagovetz Alexis A - - 2011
Thermal stability signatures of complex molecule interaction in biological fluids can be measured using a new approach called differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The thermal stability of plasma proteome has been described previously as a method of producing a disease-specific "signature," termed thermogram, in several neoplastic and autoimmune diseases. We describe ...
White Klane K - - 2011
The most pronounced symptom in mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III, Sanfilippo Syndrome) is the severe neurocognitive deterioration of the central nervous system. The effects of MPS III on the musculoskeletal system are less severe than those caused by other forms of MPS, however, it is our experience that many families ...
Stamenković Miroslav - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), characterized by inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss. Retinal periphlebitis (RP) is often present in MS patients with similar evolution and histopathological changes as MS lesions. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of RP ...
Jaybhaye Amol P - - 2011
Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammatory damage to joints, kidney, central nervous system, and hematopoietic system in the form of fever, cutaneous lesion including skin rash, arthritis, anemia, and fatigue. We report a case in which the patient had features mimicking idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and ...
Sokolic Robert R Disorders of Immunity Section, Genetics and Molecular Biology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2011
Genetic deficiency of adenosine deaminase (ADA) can cause profound lymphopenia and result in the clinical presentation of severe combined immune deficiency (SCID). However, because of the ubiquitous expression of ADA, ADA-deficient patients often present also with nonimmunologic clinical problems, affecting the skeletal, central nervous, endocrine, and gastrointestinal systems. We now ...
Kowalska Maria - - 2011
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) was recently implicated by in vitro studies as a survival and proliferation factor for Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells. We evaluated pre-treatment serum M-CSF levels in 66 patients with histopathologic diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and looked for possible correlations with baseline clinical characteristics. Significantly higher M-CSF serum ...
Vilalta Anna - - 2011
This study sought to investigate whether normobaric hyperoxia (NH) improves brain oxygenation and brain metabolism in the early phase of severe and moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) and whether this effect occurs uniformly in all TBI patients. Thirty patients (9 women and 21 men) with a median initial Glasgow Coma ...
Rimoldi Stefano F - - 2012
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is a major public health problem characterized by exaggerated hypoxemia and erythrocytosis. In more advanced stages, patients with CMS often present with functional and structural changes of the pulmonary circulation, but there is little information on the systemic circulation. In patients with diseases associated with chronic ...
Tang S-C - - 2011
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an uncommon complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we report a 52-year-old woman with flare up of lupus activity, manifesting as spontaneous cerebral and spinal SAH due to central nervous system vasculitis. The patient received external ventricular drainage for hydrocephalus and pulse steroid and intravenous ...
Shihadeh Ferial F Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2012
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) infrequently involves the central nervous system (CNS). This study was undertaken in patients with AML to determine whether cytogenetic findings predict CNS involvement. The medical records of 1354 patients with AML who were treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between January 2000 ...
Ikenouchi-Sugita Atsuko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in the regulation of synaptic plasticity and neurotransmitter release across multiple neurotransmitter systems. Recent studies have suggested that BDNF plays a role in the pathogenesis of psychiatric symptoms in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the polymorphism ...
Morichi Shinichiro - - 2011
Infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is known to be associated with central nervous system symptoms such as convulsions. We investigated cytokines, nitrogen oxide (NO)( x ), and the viral genome in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained from children with RSV infection-related convulsions or central nervous symptoms and compared the data ...
Peric S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiac autonomic control in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and thymoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 21 patients with MG and thymoma and the same number of matched healthy volunteers. Standard cardiovascular reflex tests according to Ewing and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) at rest was ...
Gao H - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid diseases in Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and the relevance of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with lupus nephritis (LN). A large cohort of 1006 SLE patients was retrospectively analyzed. The prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease was 2.78%, clinical ...
Muñoz Esteban - - 2011
Nigrostriatal involvement is considered an additional feature in the new consensus criteria for the diagnosis of the cerebellar variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-C). However, so far, only a few studies, which include a relative small number of patients, give support to this criterion. Our objective was to assess nigrostriatal ...
Florica Brandusa - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), to determine 1) the prevalence and clinical features of peripheral neuropathies (PN) and whether they were SLE related, 2) whether there are associations between other SLE features and PN. METHODS: Patients who met the American College of Rheumatology case definition criteria for ...
Kita K - - 2011
Sensory disturbance is very common following stroke and may exacerbate a patient's functional impairment, even if the patient has good motor function. For instance, patients with sensory disturbances will often grip an object with excessive or underestimated pinch pressure, because they do not receive the appropriate sensory feedback and must ...
Siranović Mladen - - 2011
The accuracy of cardiac output measurement by two most widely used methods of less invasive hemodynamic monitoring and by the standard technique of thermodilution with pulmonary catheter was assessed. The measurements were carried out in septic surgical patients immediately after and between system calibrations. Study results showed satisfactory compatibility of ...
Pioche Mathieu - - 2011
Video capsule endoscopy is the first-intention examination in patients with obscure GI bleeding. The new MiroCam capsule, when using electric-field propagation for transmission, has been poorly evaluated in a clinical setting, in contrast with the PillCam SB2 capsule. To evaluate the diagnostic concordance (κ value) between PillCam SB2 and MiroCam ...
Oz Oğuzhan - - 2011
Background/Aims: We aimed to electrophysiologically evaluate the autonomic function in acromegalic patients using sympathetic skin response (SSR) as a reflection of the sympathetic sudomotor activity and RR interval variation (RRIV) as an indicator of the cardiovagal autonomic function. Methods: The study group consisted of 18 male acromegalics, and the control ...
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