Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1370
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ishak Gisele E - - 2012
Rhombencephalosynapsis is a midline brain malformation characterized by missing cerebellar vermis with apparent fusion of the cerebellar hemispheres. Rhombencephalosynapsis can be seen in isolation or together with other central nervous system and extra-central nervous system malformations. Gómez-López-Hernández syndrome combines rhombencephalosynapsis with parietal/temporal alopecia and sometimes trigeminal anaesthesia, towering skull shape ...
Fulgenzi Alessandro - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system (CNS) provoking disability and neurological symptoms. The exact causes of SM are unknown, even if it is characterized by focal inflammatory lesions in CNS accompanied by autoimmune reaction against myelin. Indeed, many drugs able to modulate the ...
Hou Wen-Hsuan - - 2012
Hou W-H, Shih C-L, Chou Y-T, Sheu C-F, Lin J-H, Wu H-C, Hsueh I-P, Hsieh C-L. Development of a computerized adaptive testing system of the Fugl-Meyer motor scale in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop a computerized adaptive testing system of the Fugl-Meyer motor scale (CAT-FM) to efficiently and reliably assess ...
Birnbaum Tobias - - 2012
Intensive insulin therapy (IIT), targeting blood glucose between 80mg/dL and 110mg/dL ("strict IIT"), has been associated with rapid remission of high intracranial pressure (ICP), but its use is limited due to a high risk of hypoglycemia. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess whether "moderate IIT" (target range ...
Suga Norihiro - - 2012
Background: A simple assay that can discriminate between localized and systemic amyloidosis is needed. Methods: Coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters were measured in subjects with active or progressive systemic amyloidosis (Group A; 9 patients), systemic amyloidosis in complete remission (Group B; 6 patients), localized AL amyloidosis (Group C; 6 patients), monoclonal ...
Wu Ching-Fen - - 2012
Abstract Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) carries an equally high annual stroke rate as chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Furthermore, the frequency and duration of PAF are thought to be associated with stroke risk. In this pilot study, a trans-telephonic electrocardiograph (TTE) monitoring system was used to detect asymptomatic PAF and to ...
Tatlı Burak - - 2012
AIM: We present the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with isolated borderline fetal ventriculomegaly. METHODS: The present study was carried out at the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University in July-December 2010. Prenatal second trimester detailed ultrasound examinations were performed by obstetricians at the Prenatal Diagnosis Department of ...
Asero R - - 2012
Background: Elevated baseline serum tryptase levels are associated with severe systemic reactions following hymenoptera stings or venom immunotherapy. Little is known about baseline tryptase levels in patients with respiratory allergy and whether a relationship exists with systemic reactions induced by injection specific immunotherapy (SIT) with airborne allergens. The objective of ...
Vischio John - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally evaluate esophageal dysmotility (ED) in patients with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc) and diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients with SSc seen between 1995 and 2008. Patients were included if they had undergone 2 or more esophageal transit ...
Atescelik M - - 2012
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are serious health problems, and effect of reducing the blood's oxygen carrying capacity. Deaths due to CO poisoning are mostly related to myocardial injury and central nervous system pathologies. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between carbon monoxide intoxication, QT dispersion, and ...
Mekinian Arsene - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of rituximab in central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Prospective data from patients with pSS and CNS involvement included in the French AutoImmunity and Rituximab registry were analysed. All patients had diffuse white matter T2-weigted hypersignals. Neurological response was defined ...
Hernández-Rodríguez José - - 2012
Testicular vasculitis (TV) may be part of systemic (testicular) vasculitis (STV) or may exist as single-organ/isolated (testicular) vasculitis (ITV). In the current study we sought to identify clinical and histologic features that distinguish STV from ITV. The distinction was deemed important because it is already well established that in other ...
De Angelis Rossella - - 2012
To observe for changes in capillary morphology and architecture by tight sequential videocapillaroscopic (VCP) assessment in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and systemic sclerosis (SSc). VCP examination was performed in 6 patients with DM and 9 with SSc, at baseline and after one month for three times. Four consecutive fields were ...
Chiewthanakul Piyawan - - 2012
Neuropsychiatric lupus (NPL) can present with a wide variety of clinical manifestations secondary to major organ involvement. These are often difficult to diagnose and treat with a high mortality. This study aims to describe the prevalence, clinical features and predictive factors for NPL patients. Patients with SLE were retrospectively reviewed ...
Lorenzoni Paulo J - - 2012
Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare immune-mediated disorder of the central nervous system characterized by muscle rigidity and episodic muscle spasms. The diagnosis of SPS is based on electrophysiological studies. We analyzed the electrophysiological features in four patients from Brazil who fulfilled the clinical criteria for SPS. The most ...
Wei Hua - - 2012
Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is characterized by recurrent brief episodes of chorea and dystonia induced by sudden movement. Whether the central nervous system is hyper- or hypoexcitable in PKD remains undetermined. The aim of our study was to compare the somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recovery cycle, a marker of somatosensory ...
Minn Yang-Ki - - 2012
Subacute combined degeneration (SCD) involves progressive degeneration of the spinal cord, optic nerve, and peripheral nerves. Vitamin B12 (VB12) is a co-factor in myelin synthesis. Because each cell that constitutes the myelin component in the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system is different, it is improbable that these cells ...
Yiu Kai Hang - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To study the predictive value of coronary calcification score (CCS) for future cardiovascular (CVS) events as detected by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A total of 152 patients with RA and SLE, and 106 healthy controls underwent MDCT to ...
Hueppelshaeuser Renate - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of recurrent calcium-oxalate (CaOx) urolithiasis (UL) is up to fivefold higher in Crohn's disease than in the general population. Treatment options are scarce and the risk of recurrent UL or progressive renal CaOx deposition, (oxalosis) based early end-stage renal failure (ESRF), subsequent systemic oxalosis, and recurrence in the ...
Geven Leontien I - - 2012
The efferent auditory system is thought to play a role in the origin of tinnitus. Part of this system can be tested in humans with contralateral suppression of otoacoustic emissions. Stimulation of the medial olivocochlear efferent system is responsible for this reduction of otoacoustic emissions after contralateral acoustic stimulation. Previous ...
Lee Marvin - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To investigate the relationship between central visual field (VF) defects and ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) in early normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). PATIENTS AND METHODS:: This retrospective study included 100 eyes of 100 subjects: 54 NTG patients whose mean deviations were better than -7.00 dB and 46 normal subjects. OPA was ...
Kovačević-Pavićević D - - 2012
To analyze the clinical pattern of ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) in a referral centre in Serbia. The medical records of consecutive patients admitted for OT to the single referral centre for uveitis in Serbia between 2006 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. OT was diagnosed on the basis of typical fundus lesions ...
Zaniewski M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Recent clinical studies have suggested a relationship between multiple sclerosis (MS) and the occurrence of pathological changes in the jugular, vertebral and azygous veins that result in abnormal blood outflow from the brain and the spinal cord. Together, these pathological changes have been designated chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). ...
Noble-Jamieson Gabriele - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-system inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of auto-antibodies. Liver enzyme abnormalities are common but clinical liver dysfunction with jaundice is rare. We report a juvenile female patient with SLE who developed jaundice 9 months after her initial presentation. Further investigations including liver biopsy ...
Cona Marlein Miranda - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Multiple uses of automatic contrast injection systems may impose septic risks on patients. The purpose of this experiment was to verify whether a newly developed replaceable patient-delivery system may allow multiple uses of the system but without such risks. METHODS: Twelve patient-delivery systems were tested according to a multiple-use ...
LaPar Damien J DJ Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA. - - 2012
The neuroimmunologic effect of traumatic head injury remains ill-defined. This study aimed to characterize systemic cytokine profiles among traumatically injured patients to assess the effect of traumatic head injury on the systemic inflammatory response. For 5 years, 1,022 patients were evaluated from a multi-institutional Trauma Immunomodulatory Database. Patients were stratified ...
Caldas C A M - - 2012
Objective  To evaluate the structural and functional properties of vessels in Behçet's Disease (BD) using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and an echo-tracking system. Methods  BD patients without traditional cardiovascular risk factors were selected. All BD patients performed PWV and carotid ultrasound. BD patients were divided into groups based on ...
Salcioglu Zafer - - 2012
Congenital factor VII deficiency is the most common form of rare coagulation factor deficiencies. This article presents a retrospective evaluation of 73 factor VII deficiency cases that had been followed at our center. The study consisted of 48 males and 25 females (2 months-19 years). Thirty-one (42.5%) of them were ...
Teli Aikaterini - - 2012
Beta thalassemia is known to be characterized by a hypercoagulable state, with prothrombotic factors present and thrombotic event development in a number of patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate subclinical involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in young patients with thalassemia intermedia, the use of ...
Zlatanović Gordanav D - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of new therapeutic modalities with the observation period of three years on patients with isolated ocular vasculitis in comparison with ocular vasculitis as a systemic disease. The effectiveness of the therapy was assessed based on the changes in visual acuity and degree of ocular inflammation (mild, ...
Pott Júnior Henrique - - 2012
Serositis is commonly seen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Approximately 16% of patients with SLE have pleural or pericardial involvement. However, peritoneal involvement is extremely rare, and clinically seen in a small group of patients. This is the case report of a 47-year old female with discoid lupus who evolved ...
Swift Irene - - 2012
Long-term therapy with systemic corticosteroids is not recommended in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, experience demonstrates that some patients receive low dose therapy. Our objective was to describe the demographic, physiologic and radiologic characteristics of COPD patients treated with chronic systemic corticosteroids. We analyzed COPD subjects ...
Fourtassi M - - 2012
Objectives:Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a degenerative central nervous system disorder characterized by progressive spasticity and hyperreflexia of the lower limbs. Often, patients with HSP experience symptoms of voiding dysfunction. Urodynamic evaluations of these patients are rarely reported in the literature and the etiology of voiding dysfunction remains unclear. The ...
Furushima Hiroshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether heart rate variability parameters can be useful for evaluating cardiac autonomic dysfunction in multiple system atrophy patients. METHODS: Both the time and frequency domains of heart rate variability were investigated among 17 multiple system atrophy patients and 27 normal control ...
Dubessy Anne-Laure - - 2012
A 75-year-old patient was evaluated for dementia. His past medical history included an ischaemic cardiomyopathy treated with aspirin daily. His neurological examination showed mild ataxia syndrome and central deafness. The neuropsychological examination did not suggest Alzheimer's disease. No specific aetiology was found from biological investigations, but MRI scans revealed a ...
Purdy Julianne K - - 2012
Sloughing esophagitis is characterized by superficial necrotic squamous epithelium and endoscopic plaques or membranes. According to abstract reports SE affects older, debilitated patients on multiple medications. This study seeks to evaluate the clinical findings in patients with SE. Thirty-one patients with necrotic superficial squamous epithelium, with endoscopic white plaques or ...
Habek Mario - - 2012
The aim of this study is to present a diagnostic and therapeutic approach in patients with LETM. In a period between June 2008 and June 2010, all patients who fulfilled criteria for LETM were included in the study. All patients underwent a standardized protocol of investigations presented in this paper. ...
Laska Magdalena Janina - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered to be an autoimmune disease with an unknown cause and with immune system dysregulation. Among environmental factors, viruses are most often connected with the etiology of MS. Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) constitute 5 to 8% of human genomic DNA and have been detected as transcripts ...
Fragoso-Loyo Hilda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of interferon-α (IFN-α) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a biomarker of disease activity in central neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (cNPSLE). METHODS: Serum and CSF samples were drawn at hospitalization in 34 patients with cNPSLE, 16 surgical SLE, 4 primary neuropsychiatric conditions, and 25 ...
Huang Wei - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease affecting many organs. Many autoantibodies have been associated with the disease, but either in low specificity or low sensitivity of detection. In an aim to screen for better autoantibodies, we profiled the autoantibody repertoire in sera from 30 SLE patients versus ...
Lee Hong-Kyoung - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the clinical characteristics and the natural course of recurrent vestibulopathy (RV). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: During the period April 2002 to February 2008, we reviewed the clinical records of 98 patients diagnosed with RV. All patients were approached by telephone and using a questionnaire. The analysis ...
Pietkiewicz Piotr - - 2012
Vertigo is a very common symptom mainly caused by the lesion of vestibular system (peripheral or central) and often accompanied by some work-related diseases and occupational intoxications. The aim of this study was to assess the value of electronystagmography (ENG) and videonystagmography (VNG) for diagnosing vertigo of various origin. The ...
Lotufo Paulo A - - 2012
Purpose:  Epilepsy is associated with near-fatal and fatal arrhythmias, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is partly related to cardiac events. Dysfunction of the autonomous nervous system causes arrhythmias and, although previous studies have investigated the effects of epilepsy on the autonomic control of the heart, the results are ...
Tanaka Yuji - - 2012
Autonomic failure is one of the criteria according to the second consensus statement for the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA). Gastrointestinal symptoms are frequent complaints in patients with MSA and may be associated with reduced gastrointestinal motility due to autonomic nervous system dysfunction. However, there are few reports on ...
Shah Manish D - - 2012
To explore the safety and efficacy of central compartment neck dissection (CCND) in the treatment of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) recurrences in the central compartment of the neck. Retrospective medical chart review. Tertiary-care academic hospital. Eighty-two consecutively treated patients with recurrent WDTC, with a median follow-up of 28 months. Postoperative ...
Güler Sibel - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine balance problems and severity and ratio of postural instability of newly diagnosed, early stage Parkinson's patients who did not receive any antiparkinson treatment before, to evaluate fall risk clinically and posturographically and to examine the effects of pramipexole on these signs and ...
Obayashi Konen - - 2012
Liver transplantation (LT) reportedly prolongs the survival of patients with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), a fatal hereditary systemic amyloidosis caused by mutant transthyretin (TTR). However, what happens in systemic tissue sites long after LT is poorly understood. In the present study, we report pathological and biochemical findings for an FAP ...
De Cassan Chiara - - 2012
Background/Aims: Systemic corticosteroids are highly effective at inducing clinical remission in cases of acute exacerbation of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC); however, their use is limited by their frequent and sometimes severe side effects. Thus, a second generation of corticosteroids with less systemic effects has been developed. This ...
Nasiri Shirzad - - 2012
Making the diagnosis of acute appendicitis is difficult, and is important for preventing perforation of the appendix and negative appendectomy results. Ultrasound and clinical scoring systems are very helpful in making the diagnosis. Ultrasound is non-invasive, available and cost-effective, and can accomplish more than CT scans. However, there is no ...
Chrissicopoulos Christos - - 2012
We present a patient with partial stenosis of aqueduct of Sylvius which was an incidental finding without any clinical symptoms. That in our opinion means that the ventricular brain system has many reserves that are being activated before symptoms appear.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >