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Results 51 - 100 of 1360
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Beggs Clive B - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of decreased venous vasculature visibility (VVV) on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) venography in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients versus controls, and to compare this with assessment of whole brain atrophy. METHODS: Forty MS patients and 22 controls without known central nervous system (CNS) disease who ...
El Ters Mireille - - 2012
Although an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the hemodialysis access of choice, its prevalence continues to be lower than recommended in the United States. We assessed the association between past peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and lack of functioning AVFs. Case-control study. Prevalent hemodialysis population in 7 Mayo Clinic outpatient hemodialysis ...
Park Hae-Young Lopilly - - 2012
PURPOSE: To elucidate the visual field (VF) characteristics of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with either autonomic dysfunction or abnormal peripheral microcirculation. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. METHODS: Participants: Sixty NTG patients. Procedures: All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and were then referred to a rheumatology department, where they were subjected ...
Ruiz-Veguilla Miguel - - 2012
Background: Although neurological soft signs (NSSs) have been consistently associated with schizophrenia and a variety of risk factors, few studies have focused on the association between NSSs and environmental factors such as cannabis use, particularly in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP). Aims: To review studies that have specifically investigated ...
Terzin Viktória V First Department of Medicine, University of Szeged, H-6701 Szeged, - - 2012
To investigate the association between autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and systemic autoimmune diseases (SAIDs) by measurement of serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4). The serum level of IgG4 was measured in 61 patients with SAIDs of different types who had not yet participated in glucocorticosteroid treatment. Patients with an elevated IgG4 level were ...
Kraft Robert R Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, Texas; Department of Surgery, University Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, - - 2013
One of the major determinants for survival of severely burned patients is appropriate fluid resuscitation. At present, fluid resuscitation is calculated based on body weight or body surface area, burn size, and urinary output. However, recent evidence suggests that fluid calculation is inadequate and that over- and under-resuscitations are associated ...
Abe Atsuko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Late potentials (LP) detected with signal-averaged electrocardiograms (SAECGs) are known as being useful for identifying patients at risk of Brugada syndrome (BS) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). As the pathophysiology is clearly different between these disorders, we clarified the LP characteristics of these disorders. METHODS AND RESULTS: -This ...
Mandato Kenneth - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder characterized by damage to the myelin sheath insulation of nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord affecting nerve impulses which can lead to numerous physical and cognitive disabilities. The disease, which affects over 500,000 people in the United States alone, is widely believed ...
Stević Ruza - - 2012
Diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis at the early stage is difficult because of the nonspecific symptoms which mimic other disorders. The aim of this paper is to describe clinical and radiological features of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) in a Serbian population at initial presentation. A retrospective review of 37 patient's case records ...
Barisić Freja - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate macular thickness parameters in glaucoma patients and to compare them to normal subjects using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). This prospective, observational study included 20 primary open angle glaucoma patients (POAG) and 20 healthy subjects in control group. Exclusion criteria were diabetes and ...
Watson L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is an active sphingolipid with chemotactic abilities and has been linked to inflammatory mediators and autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to assess whether children with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) express increased systemic and/or urinary concentrations of S1P. METHODS: A subgroup of patients participating ...
Vedovati Maria Cristina - - 2012
AbstractBackgroundIn patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) the correlation between the embolic burden assessed at multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and clinical outcome remains unclear. Patients with symptomatic acute PE diagnosed by MDCT were included in a multicenter study aimed at assessing the prognostic role of the embolic burden evaluated at ...
Salazar R - - 2012
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, also eponymously known as Devic's disease) is an immune-mediated demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that can lead to significant disability. Pediatric NMO is a rare disorder often reported after an infection. The authors report a 16 year-old female patient with pemphigus foliaceus who developed subacute ...
Pavlov-Dolijanovic Slavica - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the association between Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and specific capillaroscopic findings in patients with SLE and particular clinical manifestations of the disease. A total of 79 patients with SLE were included in the study: 44 of them (43 women) with RP and 35 ...
Kim Seung Up - - 2012
BACKGROUND S & AIMS: The clinical severity of cirrhosis varies widely. We investigated whether histological sub-classification of cirrhosis using the Laennec system can discriminate different outcomes among patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred and seventy five patients with chronic liver disease who underwent liver biopsy and showed stage 3 or ...
Thomas Bettina C BC Interdisciplinary Uveitis Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe the visual prognosis as well as the frequency and clinical severity of central nervous system involvement in all acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) patients of one centre. A retrospective database review of all patients and a prospective clinical, ophthalmological and ...
Josyula Sowmya - - 2012
Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients; the pathogenesis of this disease being poorly understood in the context of MS. Osteoporosis is seen more frequently in MS patients than in healthy controls matched for age and sex. Extensively studied factors, ...
Mathur Gaurav - - 2012
Anterior uveitis is the most common form of uveitis in most regions of the world. A recent study reported that 50 % of patients with anterior uveitis have a related systemic illness. The most common cause of anterior uveitis to date remains idiopathic (45-50 %), followed by HLA-B27-positive acute anterior uveitis. Ours ...
Wu Xin-Tong - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare magnetoencephalography (MEG) and video-electroencephalography (VEEG) source localization in frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) and determine if these methods can be complementary to each other in clinical practice. METHOD: Thirty patients with pharmaco-resistant FLE who underwent epilepsy surgery were retrospectively enrolled. Video EEG ...
Adelöw Cecilia - - 2012
To study the risk of developing unprovoked seizures among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we used 1885 new onset seizure cases, 15,080 controls and defined exposure as a hospital discharge diagnosis of MS or SLE. The odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was 3.7 (CI ...
Lee J - - 2012
Colitis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is quite rare. It can be caused by intestinal vasculitis, mesenteric vascular thrombosis, concomitant inflammatory bowel disease or infectious colitis. It is important to make an accurate and early diagnosis as the treatments for each condition differ and a delayed diagnosis can ...
Furlan Julio C - - 2012
The management of anticoagulation (AC) therapy in patients with central nervous system (CNS) haemorrhage remains challenging. This study examines the potential factors associated with spinal haematoma among patients who develop CNS haemorrhage while on AC therapy. Based on a systematic review using MEDLINE and EMBASE, two reviewers screened publications and ...
Bárcena-Panero Ana - - 2012
BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) has been recently postulated as an emerging opportunistic pathogen of the human central nervous system (CNS), but it is not known whether specific strains are associated with the neurotropic character of BKPyV. The presence of BKPyV large T-antigen DNA was examined in 2,406 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples ...
Halıgür Beyzan Durul - - 2012
Background  Psoriasis is a common Th1-mediated skin disease whose etiology remains obscure. Loss of sweating caused by retention hyperkeratosis is seen in psoriasis plaques, which is likely to have resulted from autonomic dysfunction. Objective  In the present study, we aimed to evaluate autonomic nervous system (ANS) functions with regard to ...
Orscelik Ozcan - - 2012
Background: We aimed to determine the status of the autonomic nervous system in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) who were normotensive and had normal renal function. Methods: A total of 28 normotensive ADPKD patients with normal renal function and 30 healthy control subjects consented to participate in the ...
Aguggia Marco - - 2012
An impaired processing of sensory afferents in the brainstem plays a key role in the development of migraine attack and for many of its clinical aspects. The repetition or prolonged of painful stimuli over time would be able to produce a prolonged and reversible increase of excitability and synaptic efficacy ...
Blatman Karen Hsu - - 2012
Idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA) is defined as anaphylaxis without any identifiable precipitating agent or event. The clinical manifestations of IA are the same as allergen-associated (immunologic) anaphylaxis and include urticaria, angioedema, hypotension, tachycardia, wheezing, stridor, pruritus, nausea, vomiting, flushing, diarrhea, dysphagia, light-headedness, and loss of consciousness. Patients usually tend to have ...
Tedeschi Gioacchino - - 2012
Migraine is a common, multifactorial disorder, typically characterized by recurrent attacks of throbbing unilateral headache, autonomic nervous system dysfunction and, in approximately one-third of cases, neurological transient symptoms (migraineous aura). The diagnosis of primary headaches is exclusively a clinical task but, for this reason, it is sometimes subjective and arbitrary. ...
Janse van Rensburg Dina C - - 2012
To determine if there is a difference between autonomic cardiac control as measured by heart rate variability (HRV) in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to a healthy control group. The RA group (45) and control group (39) were matched for age and body mass index (BMI). Three techniques were ...
Amort Margareth - - 2012
Background: In patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIA), etiological classification systems are not well studied. The Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST), the Causative Classification System (CCS), and the Atherosclerosis Small Vessel Disease Cardiac Source Other Cause (ASCO) classification may be useful to determine the underlying etiology. ...
Valassi Elena - - 2012
Recent evidence suggests that correction of hypercortisolism in Cushing's syndrome (CS) may not lead to complete remission of the clinical abnormalities associated with this condition. In particular, elevated cardiovascular risk may persist in "cured" CS patients long-term after eucortisolism has been reached. This is believed to be related with the ...
Lin Sang-I - - 2012
Lin S-I, Hsu L-J, Wang H-C. Effects of ankle proprioceptive interference on locomotion after stroke. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of vibration-induced ankle proprioceptive interference on the locomotion of patients with stroke with intact and impaired ankle joint position sense (JPS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Rehabilitation department in a tertiary hospital. ...
Pokushalov Evgeny - - 2012
Background: The effectiveness of ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is ambiguous. Some researchers had already suggested that additional identification of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) around the areas with a positive reaction to high-frequency stimulation (HFS) might improve the accuracy of GP's boundaries location, then ...
Ramaswamy Vijay - - 2012
Aim  Neurocutaneous melanocytosis is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome defined by the presence of large and/or multiple congenital cutaneous nevi and melanocytic deposits in the central nervous system. We sought to define the spectrum of central nervous system abnormalities in children with neurocutaneous melanocytosis. Method  We retrospectively reviewed cases of neurocutaneous ...
Camargo José Augusto - - 2012
Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease that affects the central nervous system. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between neuronal death evaluated by the quantification of Fas apoptotic factor and the different evolutive forms of neurocysticercosis accompanied or not by epileptic seizures. Cerebrospinal fluid samples from 36 ...
Araújo Fernanda - - 2012
We investigated the prevalence of dengue in patients with suspected viral meningitis/meningoencephalitis in a dengue-endemic area. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed positive results and a 6.74× greater likelihood of identifying positive fluid in patients who died. Our findings support testing patients with neurologic manifestations for the virus in dengue-endemic areas.
Diaconu Claudiu I - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a relapsing and progressive disorder of the central nervous system. It is characterized most commonly by episodes of clinical worsening, followed by clinical improvement. Pathologically, MS is associated with focal areas of myelin destruction, inflammation, and axonal transection ("demyelinating plaques") in the brain and spinal cord. ...
Hrycek Eugeniusz - - 2012
Chemokines promote leukocyte traffic into the site of inflammation. Serum levels of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were evaluated in 48 treated women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and mild-to-moderate disease severity. The results were compared between the whole ...
Knight-Madden Jennifer M - - 2012
The present study evaluated the relationship between acute chest syndrome (ACS) and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in patients with hemoglobin SS disease (SCD). Nine patients had suffered ACS were matched by age and gender to patients who had not suffered ACS and ANS activity, pulmonary function and history of ...
Lin H-L - - 2012
Aims:  Movement disorders are one of the central nervous system complications in uremic patients. Asterixis, multifocal myoclonus, and restless leg syndrome are well-documented in this category. Acute parkinsonism, however, is only reported in rare series with a small number of cases. In this study, we investigated the risk for parkinsonism ...
Ishak Gisele E - - 2012
Rhombencephalosynapsis is a midline brain malformation characterized by missing cerebellar vermis with apparent fusion of the cerebellar hemispheres. Rhombencephalosynapsis can be seen in isolation or together with other central nervous system and extra-central nervous system malformations. Gómez-López-Hernández syndrome combines rhombencephalosynapsis with parietal/temporal alopecia and sometimes trigeminal anaesthesia, towering skull shape ...
Fulgenzi Alessandro - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system (CNS) provoking disability and neurological symptoms. The exact causes of SM are unknown, even if it is characterized by focal inflammatory lesions in CNS accompanied by autoimmune reaction against myelin. Indeed, many drugs able to modulate the ...
Hou Wen-Hsuan - - 2012
Hou W-H, Shih C-L, Chou Y-T, Sheu C-F, Lin J-H, Wu H-C, Hsueh I-P, Hsieh C-L. Development of a computerized adaptive testing system of the Fugl-Meyer motor scale in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop a computerized adaptive testing system of the Fugl-Meyer motor scale (CAT-FM) to efficiently and reliably assess ...
Birnbaum Tobias - - 2012
Intensive insulin therapy (IIT), targeting blood glucose between 80mg/dL and 110mg/dL ("strict IIT"), has been associated with rapid remission of high intracranial pressure (ICP), but its use is limited due to a high risk of hypoglycemia. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess whether "moderate IIT" (target range ...
Suga Norihiro - - 2012
Background: A simple assay that can discriminate between localized and systemic amyloidosis is needed. Methods: Coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters were measured in subjects with active or progressive systemic amyloidosis (Group A; 9 patients), systemic amyloidosis in complete remission (Group B; 6 patients), localized AL amyloidosis (Group C; 6 patients), monoclonal ...
Wu Ching-Fen - - 2012
Abstract Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) carries an equally high annual stroke rate as chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Furthermore, the frequency and duration of PAF are thought to be associated with stroke risk. In this pilot study, a trans-telephonic electrocardiograph (TTE) monitoring system was used to detect asymptomatic PAF and to ...
Tatlı Burak - - 2012
AIM: We present the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with isolated borderline fetal ventriculomegaly. METHODS: The present study was carried out at the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University in July-December 2010. Prenatal second trimester detailed ultrasound examinations were performed by obstetricians at the Prenatal Diagnosis Department of ...
Asero R - - 2012
Background: Elevated baseline serum tryptase levels are associated with severe systemic reactions following hymenoptera stings or venom immunotherapy. Little is known about baseline tryptase levels in patients with respiratory allergy and whether a relationship exists with systemic reactions induced by injection specific immunotherapy (SIT) with airborne allergens. The objective of ...
Vischio John - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally evaluate esophageal dysmotility (ED) in patients with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc) and diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients with SSc seen between 1995 and 2008. Patients were included if they had undergone 2 or more esophageal transit ...
Atescelik M - - 2012
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are serious health problems, and effect of reducing the blood's oxygen carrying capacity. Deaths due to CO poisoning are mostly related to myocardial injury and central nervous system pathologies. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between carbon monoxide intoxication, QT dispersion, and ...
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