Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1528
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Preechawat Pisit - - 2007
PURPOSE: To characterize anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) in patients younger than 50 years. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Records of all AION patients seen between 1989 and 2006 were reviewed. Patients younger than 50 years when initial visual loss occurred were included. RESULTS: Of 727 consecutive patients with AION, 169 ...
Hartong Dyonne T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recently, it was discovered that subjects who showed a prolonged response suppression on their electroretinogram (ERG) and had symptoms of photophobia, problems adjusting to bright light, and difficulties seeing moving objects shared a mutation in the RGS9 (regulator of G-protein signaling 9) gene that is involved in the deactivation ...
Karmisholt Marianne Kirkegaard - - 2008
Intraocular infection is a feared complication in patients with candidaemia. We therefore assessed the current risk and prognosis in Danish candidaemia patients. Candidaemia patients at a Danish university hospital were identified prospectively during a 10-y period, 1995-2004, and ophthalmologic records were retrieved retrospectively. Among 203 incident cases of candidaemia, 86 ...
Hwang Joon Seo - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the clinical characteristics of multiple sclerosis and associated optic neuritis in Korean children. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed on 10 patients with an onset of multiple sclerosis before age 16. Information on sex, age of onset, clinical course, laboratory findings, and clinical characteristics of optic neuritis ...
Sobrin Lucia - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of off-label use of intravitreal clindamycin in the treatment of toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. METHODS: In a noncomparative, retrospective, interventional case series, we reviewed the charts of six consecutive patients with toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis who were treated with intravitreal injection of clindamycin (1.0 mg/0.1 mL) because of intolerance to ...
Peter Laure - - 2007
The association of papilloedema (PO) with respiratory diseases and especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome has been emphasised in many reports. The pathophysiology could rely on the episodic increase of intracranial pressure related to apnoeic episodes during night sleep. Nevertheless, prevalence of papilloedema in patient with OSA syndrome remains unknown. ...
Gedik Sansal - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Humphrey visual field parameters in patients with pituitary adenoma and classify the visual field defects in this patient group. METHODS: Forty primary pituitary adenoma patients underwent neuro-ophthalmological examination and Humphrey Perimetry 30-2 visual field test at Baskent University, Departments of Ophthalmology, and Neurosurgery, between 2003 and ...
Rao Sunil K - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between seatbelt use and (1) the spectrum of ocular injuries and (2) visual acuity outcomes after motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) with airbag deployment. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven patients involved in MVAs with airbag deployment. METHODS: Medical record review of all patients ...
Lalitha Prajna - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the range of ocular symptoms in a cohort of patients with chikungunya infection. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: Patients attending a tertiary eye care hospital in South India were included in the study. We included adult patients with serologically confirmed chikungunya virus infection who received clinical ...
Shukla Dhananjay - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the unusual clinical manifestations and diagnostic evaluation of X-linked retinoschisis (XLR). DESIGN: Prospective, observational case series. METHODS: Eight patients with subnormal vision seeking treatment at a tertiary eye care center were evaluated clinically by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and electroretinography (ERG) in this prospective, noncomparative case series. ...
Atkins Edward J - - 2007
Optic neuritis is a common cause of visual loss in young patients. Visual function generally spontaneously improves over weeks, and 95% of patients return to visual acuity of at least 20/40 within 12 months. The initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) helps stratify the risk of multiple sclerosis in patients with ...
Galor Anat - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report on the development of visually significant maculopathy associated with blood-brain barrier disruption (BBBD) therapy for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Chart review of 20 patients undergoing BBBD therapy for treatment of CNS lymphoma at the Cleveland Clinic. Patients with ...
Hamid R - - 2007
This cross sectional and observational study was carried out among the admitted patients of the department of Neurosurgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka during the period of 1st March 2004 to 31st March 2005. Among the all intracranial tumours, 2.5-04% are Craniopharyngiomas. Although there is a bi-modal age ...
Ikenoya Kazuteru - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the functional changes in the macula of the retina in the early stage of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), by analyzing each component of the focal macular electroretinogram (fmERG). METHODS: fmERGs were recorded from 39 patients with RP with normal visual acuity (>1.0) under direct fundus observation using a ...
Coffee Robert E - - 2007
PURPOSE: To establish the necessity for an early follow-up examination after an initial funduscopic examination with negative results for patients with acute, symptomatic posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study and meta-analysis. METHODS: Records were reviewed of patients seeking treatment over a 4.5-year period who were diagnosed with an ...
Sugisaka Eiko - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the visual sensations experienced by patients during vitrectomy under retrobulbar anesthesia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fifty-six men and 45 women with a mean age of 62.2 +/- 11.9 years (range, 30 to 89 years) were studied. Twenty-two eyes had an idiopathic epiretinal membrane, 10 had an idiopathic ...
Vingolo Enzo M - - 2007
To analyse biofeedback training by microperimeter MP-1 (Nidek Technologies) on patients with Age Related Maculopathy (AMD). We enrolled 15 patients (10 female and 5 male) and examined total of 27 eyes with AMD. All the patient underwent 10 training sessions of 10 min for each eye, performed once a week ...
Wijman, C.A.C.
The ocular fundus allows direct visualization of the retinal vasculature, blood vessels that are part of the cerebral circulation. Unraveling the causes of retinal ischemia may provide further insight in the pathophysiological processes that underlie cerebral ischemia. The primary aim of the studies described in this thesis was to elucidate ...
Gleeson F C - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Celiac ganglia can be visualized by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). It is unknown how often ganglia are visualized during EUS, and what clinical factors are associated with ganglion visualization. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the frequency of visualization of presumed celiac ganglia by ...
Kiblinger Gregory D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty as to whether spasmus nutans (SN) is an isolated idiopathic entity or whether there are underlying conditions that could cause or be associated with the nystagmus. We undertook this study to determine the frequency of ocular, intracranial, and systemic conditions in patients with nystagmus having characteristics ...
Okada T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We hypothesized that diffusion tensor fiber tractography would be affected by intracranial arteriovenous malformation (AVM). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of intracranial AVM on corticospinal tract and optic radiation tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subject group comprised 34 patients with untreated ...
Hertle Richard W - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare contrast sensitivity using a commercially available technique between patients with infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) and controls. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative case series. METHODS: The functional acuity contrast test (FACT) was used binocularly in patients with INS and aged-matched controls with best acuity under normal lighting using a progression ...
Deshmukh Sameer - - 2007
The rare occurrence of an inflammatory mucocele in a pneumatized anterior clinoid process is described. The patient, a 20-year-old woman, presented with a severe visual field defect in her right eye associated with abnormality in the right anterior clinoid process identified on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Initially, surgical ...
Pathanapitoon Kessara - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of blindness and low vision in patients consulting a tertiary ophthalmologic center in northern Thailand. METHODS: The study population included 2,951 new consecutive patients from the Department of Ophthalmology at University Hospital in Chiang-Mai, Thailand. Main outcome measures were blindness and low vision, which were ...
Kan Emrah - - 2007
Describing the ophthalmic findings of an exudative vasculopathy called as Coats-like retinitis pigmentosa on three patients. The etiology of the Coats-like retinitis pigmentosa is obscure. The principal theories have been discussed in this article. Three observational case series have been discussed. Complete ophthalmic examinations and color fundus photos, visual field, ...
Michalewski Janusz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preretinal membrane formation is a frequently diagnosed disease in ophthalmology. Its pathogenesis is unclear. Optical coherence tomography is an important diagnostic tool in patients with epiretinal membranes. In our study we use high-speed and high-resolution spectral OCT. Our goal was to present different forms of ERM and to analyze ...
Ohguro, Hiroshi
Purpose: To report the clinical significance of ankle-brachial index (ABI) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in retinal vascular occlusion. Method: We measured the ABI and PWV, which are used as clinical indicators of arteriosclerosis, of 106 patients with retinal vascular occlusion (RVO) as well as hypertensive retinopathy (HR) and diabetic ...
Chorazy Monika - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate visual field in patients with multiple sclerosis without a history of optic neuritis. We assessed presence and localisation of visual field defects and evaluated correlation between visual field disturbances and patient's neurological status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of ...
Shukla D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the anatomic basis of atypical angiographic leaks in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) with optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Fluorescein angiography (FA) and OCT were performed in three eyes of three patients (two men, one woman) with CSC. The angiographic leaks were treated with transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) in ...
Hayreh Sohan Singh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether tobacco smoking may be a risk factor for development of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION). DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-four consecutive patients with NA-AION who fulfilled our inclusion criteria. METHODS: All patients provided a detailed ocular, medical, and smoking history, and underwent a ...
Siatkowski R Michael - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe clinical features of patients from the Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (CRYO-ROP) trial who, after developing severe ROP in infancy, had minimal or moderate retinal residua in at least one eye but a visual acuity of worse than 20/200 in both eyes at the 10 year examination. ...
Ohno Takayuki - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The prognostic value of identifying the retinal status of diabetic patients undergoing coronary implantation of drug-eluting stents is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated the outcomes of 318 consecutive patients undergoing implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents for coronary artery disease. Patients were divided into 5 groups according to the diabetic and retinal ...
Sobaci Gungor - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the value of unusual electroretinogram (ERG) findings (negative ERG, which is selective reduction in the amplitude of the b-wave) in the differential diagnosis of night blindness in the military. METHODS: We surveyed 3 years of data. Presumptive and final clinical diagnoses before and after negative ERG recordings ...
Valentincic Natasa Vidovic - - 2007
PURPOSE: To ascertain the effect of tinted optical filters (TFs) on visual function in patients with inflammatory cystoid macular edema (CME). METHODS: A prospective study included 14 patients with inflammatory CME and best-corrected visual acuity between 0.1 and 0.8 (CME group) and 16 sex-, age-, and best-corrected visual acuity-matched patients ...
Wiaux C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: POEMS syndrome (Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, Monoclonal protein, Skin changes) is a rare disorder associated with plasma cell disorder. Optic disc swelling can be present, and macular oedema has been reported once before. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three patients with POEMS syndrome were investigated. Lumbar puncture and neuro-ophthalmic examination were performed ...
Das H - - 2007
To report the demography, nature of insult and ocular characteristics in patients presenting with indirect traumatic optic neuropathy and to evaluate the visual outcome with mega dose methylprednisolone therapy. Retrospective hospital data analysis of all patients admitted with indirect traumatic optic neuropathy and treated with mega dose methylprednisolone therapy in ...
Koizumi Hideki - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the macular holes in patients with idiopathic parafoveal telangiectasis (IPT) and to propose a pathophysiologic explanation for their formation. METHODS: Four eyes of two patients with IPT were evaluated with biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT). RESULTS: One patient had a nearly full-thickness hole with preservation of ...
Durnian J M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) characteristics in patients suffering vigabatrin-associated visual field loss or behaviour consistent with field loss. METHODS: Eight patients with visual field loss attributed to vigabatrin use had their RNFL evaluated by scanning laser polarimetry. RESULTS: All eight patients managed to perform the ...
Sukavatcharin Somsiri - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) in Hispanic patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of the records of 48 Hispanic patients diagnosed with VKH. The patients were divided into two groups: patients in the early phase of VKH (n = 11) were those who presented within 1 month ...
Arda Hatice - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the clinical findings and multifocal electroretinography results of cases with solar maculopathy due to eclipse watching. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Eight eyes of six patients (ages ranged 12-42) who presented to our clinic after the solar eclipse of 29 March 2006 were evaluated in the study. All patients ...
Sandberg Michael A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To measure the rates of visual acuity, visual field, and ERG loss in patients with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa due to RPGR mutations and to determine whether these rates differ from those of patients with dominant retinitis pigmentosa due to RHO mutations. METHODS: Snellen visual acuities, Goldmann visual field areas ...
Gerth Christina - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess central retinal function in patients with advanced retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using the multifocal (mf)ERG and static perimetry. METHODS: Patients with RP; a nonrecordable, full-field (ff)ERG; and visual acuity (VA) of </= 1.0 logMAR were included. All patients underwent mfERG testing (103 hexagons, and 2.67 and 5.33 cd ...
Krappmann Paul - - 2007
In a multicenter study the authors prospectively investigated neurocognitive function in childhood ALL patients. Sixty-six patients (mean age at diagnosis 7.9 +/- 3.6 years, 34 female), treated with repeated intrathecal and systemical methotrexate administrations without cranial irradiation, underwent psychometric testing for intelligence, concentration, and visual-motor integration postdiagnosis and after reinduction ...
Haritoglou Christos C Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. - - 2007
To evaluate the staining characteristics of bromphenol blue used during vitreoretinal surgery in humans. 13 patients with epiretinal membranes were included. Before and after surgery a complete clinical examination including best corrected visual acuity, funduscopy, fluorescein angiography, OCT (Stratus), Goldmann perimetry and multifocal ERG as well as photography of the ...
Ofri Ron - - 2007
Glaucoma and inherited retinal degeneration/dystrophy are leading causes of blindness in veterinary patients. Currently, there is no treatment for the loss of vision that characterizes both groups of diseases. However, this reality may soon change as recent advances in understanding of the disease processes allow researchers to develop new therapies ...
Salvarani Carlo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology and clinical course of Behçet's disease (BD) over a 17-year period in a defined area of northern Italy. METHODS: All patients with incident BD diagnosed over a 17-year period (from January 1, 1988 to December 31, 2004) living in the Reggio Emilia area were identified ...
Singh Rishi P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the new surgical technique of cystoid macular oedema puncture (CMOP) in patients with longstanding cystoid macular oedema refractory to standard treatments. DESIGN: Interventional, retrospective case series METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with chronic cystoid macular oedema from vascular retinopathy for whom maximal medical or surgical treatment failed ...
Cervantes-Castañeda R A RA Department of Ophthalmology, Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2008
To assess the rate of early awareness to the presence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and whether it enables early detection of transition to neovascular AMD (NVAMD) as compared with patients whose first presentation to an ophthalmologist is already at the neovascular stage of disease. A retrospective analysis of 268 ...
Mueller Iris - - 2007
PURPOSE: In small experimental trials, vision restoration therapy (VRT), a home-based rehabilitation method, has shown to enlarge the visual field and improve reaction times in patients with lesion involving the CNS. We now evaluated the outcome of VRT in a large sample of clinical patients and studied factors contributing to ...
Apfelbaum Henry - - 2007
Virtual reality locomotion simulators are a promising tool for evaluating the effectiveness of vision aids to mobility for people with low vision. This study examined two factors to gain insight into the verisimilitude requirements of the test environment: the effects of treadmill walking and the suitability of using controls as ...
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