Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1539
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
MacLaren Robert E RE Moorfields Eye Hospital, City Road, London, UK. - - 2006
To report investigations in a case series of patients diagnosed with idiopathic multifocal choroiditis (MFC) in order to determine whether or not a new clinical phenotype could be identified and to determine the long-term visual prognosis. Twenty-eight patients were identified from the clinic database of approximately 1200 and subsequently reviewed. ...
Janáky Márta - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is one of the most frequent causes of sudden visual loss in middle-aged or elderly patients. Although several electrophysiological methods are available for an objective evaluation of the visual deficits, these are not generally used in the assessment of the clinical condition of NAION ...
Matsui Hideaki - - 2006
Pathophysiology of hallucinations in Parkinson's disease is poorly understood. This study investigated relationships between visual hallucinations and visual acuity. Twenty-six consecutive patients with Parkinson's disease participated in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: patients with visual hallucinations (VH group) and those without visual hallucinations (no-VH group). Unaided and ...
Ribeiro Monteiro Mário Luiz - - 2006
A 34-year-old obese woman developed blurred vision in both eyes soon after large-volume liposuction of the dorsum and gluteus region bilaterally associated with abdominal dermolipectomy. An ophthalmic examination revealed severe bilateral visual loss and pallid optic disc edema. The patient gave a history of transient obscurations of vision in the ...
Barthelmes Daniel - - 2006
PURPOSE: To quantify optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the central retina in patients with blue-cone monochromatism (BCM) and achromatopsia (ACH) compared with healthy control individuals. METHODS: The study included 15 patients with ACH, 6 with BCM, and 20 control subjects. Diagnosis of BCM and ACH was established by visual ...
Jung J I Yong - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare quantitative polarimetric measurements in eyes with NTG and HTG using GDx-VCC. Both groups were matched by age and glaucoma stage based on the Humphrey visual field test. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 146 patients who underwent Humphrey field analysis (HFA) and GDx-VCC. We compared outcomes ...
Machida Shigeki - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether myopia is more prevalent in Japanese patients with idiopathic focal subretinal neovascularization (IFSN) than in normal control subjects. METHODS: Forty-seven eyes of 46 patients with an initial diagnosis of IFSN and 291 eyes of 291 controls were studied. Refractive errors were measured with an autorefractometer, and ...
Chan David P L - - 2006
We report 13 cases of ophthalmic complications resulting from dengue infection in Singapore. We performed a retrospective analysis of a series of 13 patients with dengue fever who had visual impairment. Investigations included Humphrey automated visual field analyzer, Amsler charting, fundus fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography. Twenty-two eyes of ...
Funatsu Hideharu - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether vitreous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) are related to diabetic macular edema (DME). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six patients with DME, 6 diabetic patients without retinopathy, and 13 patients with nondiabetic ocular disease. METHODS: After vitreous fluid samples ...
Gränse, Lotta
This thesis will describe the clinical phenotypes, with emphasis on electrophysiology, in patients with different hereditary eye diseases and to further evaluate and modify the mfVEP technique for clinical use. Bothnia Dystrophy is a tapetoretinal disorder with a mutation in the RLBP1 gene. Early in the disease the fundus may ...
Tuan Kuang-Mon Ashley - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of the diagnostic capabilities of optical metrics generated from wavefront measurements in relationship to post-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) visual complaints as expressed and drawn by patients. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis and observational case series. METHODS: Patient wavefront data from an investigational device exemption study for ...
Majji A B - - 2006
AIM: To study the histopathologic features and clinical correlation of epiretinal membranes (ERM) obtained from patients of Eales' disease and compare with other vasoproliferative disorders. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of epiretinal membranes submitted for histological evaluation between January 1995 and June 2001, from the patients of diabetic retinopathy and vascular occlusions ...
Ajaiyeoba Ayotunde - - 2006
The study aimed at finding out the clinicopathologic, ophthalmic and visual profiles, management and outcome of mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses in Nigerians. The study was a retrospective review of 20 cases of mucoceles who presented to the ENT clinic and referred to the eye clinic of the University College ...
Hood Donald C - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which changes in the latency of the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) overlap in patients with glaucoma, recovered optic neuritis/multiple sclerosis (ON/MS), and retinal disease. METHODS: Monocular mfVEPs were obtained for both eyes of all subjects. Latencies and amplitudes of individual mfVEP responses were ...
Aldakaf A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine prognostic factors and visual outcomes in patients with intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs) associated with traumatic cataract. PARTICIPANTS: 19 patients undergoing surgical removal of IOFB and cataract extraction with a minimum of 6-months follow-up. OUTCOME MEASURES: Final best corrected visual acuity was the main outcome where ocular findings ...
McBain V A - - 2007
AIMS: To describe the effects of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) on retinal function and the subsequent recovery following treatment in three patients with systemic conditions (two with Crohn disease; one secondary to IgE syndrome). METHODS: Electrophysiological testing (including pattern electroretinogram, PERG; electroretinogram, ERG; visual-evoked potential) established the diagnosis of VAD. ...
Robson A G - - 2005
Full field and pattern electroretinograms (ERG, PERG) are performed to assess generalised retinal function and macular function, respectively. An (electro) negative full field ERG usually describes an ISCEV standard maximal response in which the b-wave is smaller than a normal or minimally reduced a-wave and indicates dysfunction that is post-phototransduction. ...
Thoelen A M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the magnification requirement after repeat photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin in patients with predominantly classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A total of 103 patients were treated for the first time with PDT between November 1999 and September 2002. These ...
Renner Agnes B - - 2005
The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the relevance of both visual-evoked potentials (VEP) and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) to evaluate unexplained visual loss. Seventy-two consecutive patients (1996-2002) with visual disturbances of unknown origin underwent both VEP and mfERG (ISCEV standard). The mean age was 42.4 years (11.8-74.5) and ...
Lai Timothy Y Y - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the longitudinal changes in multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) in patients receiving hydroxychloroquine and to assess the effects of cumulative hydroxychloroquine dose on mfERG. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-four eyes in 12 patients receiving hydroxychloroquine underwent mfERG recordings at baseline and 1 to 2 years later. The first ...
Koren-Michowitz Maya - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) are common disorders associated with risk factors for atherosclerosis. Protein Z is a cofactor for the inactivation of activated factor X (Xa) by the protein Z dependent protease inhibitor. Protein Z deficiency was recently linked to increased risk ...
Sorri Iiris - - 2005
The purpose of the study was to determine whether the use of a GABAergic antiepileptic drug (AED), tiagabine, affects color vision and contrast sensitivity. Twenty newly diagnosed patients with partial epilepsy (aged 19-72 years), receiving tiagabine as their initial monotherapy for 5-41 months were examined. Color vision was examined with ...
Cortez Rafael - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and management of the largest reported series to date of patients with diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN). DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: The charts of all patients coded as having DUSN in a vitreoretinal clinic in Caracas, Venezuela between July 1979 and August 2000 ...
Devos D - - 2005
The authors used flash electroretinography to demonstrate dysfunction of the photopic and scotopic retina in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies and visual hallucinations (VHs) compared with patients with Parkinson disease, patients without VHs, and controls. The retinal dysfunction may be related to slight alteration of the photoreceptors and numerous ...
Akikusa Jonathan D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Reports of eye involvement in juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM), including significant retinopathy with visual loss, have led some to recommend routine formal ophthalmologic assessments for all patients with JDM at diagnosis. Our objective was to document the frequency and spectrum of eye involvement in patients followed in a single clinic ...
Lim Su Ann - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of functional visual loss (FVL) in adults and children. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty patients diagnosed with FVL over a 5-year period. METHODS: Medical records of these patients were reviewed and data analyzed using statistical software. OUTCOME: Demographics, underlying organic and psychiatric ...
Wirth Andrew - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The curative potential of radiotherapy (RT) alone as initial treatment for patients with Stage I-II lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (LPHL) has not been defined well. METHODS: Two hundred two patients who were treated between 1969 and 1995 were evaluated in a retrospective, multicenter study. RESULTS: Patient characteristics were as follows: ...
Aggio Fabio B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy (UAIM) is a rare entity, in which an inflammatory process involves the macular retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and outer retina. It represents a wide spectrum of ocular findings not consistently present in all patients, which may lead to difficulties in the recognition of the condition. ...
Crossland Michael D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To observe the development of the preferred retinal locus (PRL) in a group of patients with central scotomas caused by recent onset macular disease (MD). DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five individuals with bilateral central scotomas caused by MD. All patients had experienced visual loss in their better ...
Scaioli V - - 2006
As paclitaxel may induce positive spontaneous visual symptoms or persistent visual loss, we carried out this electrophysiological study in an attempt to clarify the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of visual pathway involvement. The study involved 30 breast cancer patients: 14 were treated with paclitaxel alone (group A) and 16 with paclitaxel ...
Schmid R - - 2005
Pupil campimetry is an objective test of the visual field. In pupil campimetry, the pupil light response elicited by focal light stimuli at different locations within the visual field is measured. Pupil campimetry was performed in patients with visual field loss because of different pathologies. The match between reduced pupil ...
Sellari-Franceschini Stefano - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe a technique for balanced orbital decompression and to analyze the results. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a retrospective study of 140 patients (276 orbits). Orbital decompression was carried out by removal of the medial orbital wall by ethmoidectomy and complete removal ...
Behbehani R S - - 2005
To determine the anatomical site and extent of electrophysiological dysfunction in patients with ethambutol associated visual loss. A comparative case series. Four patients with ethambutol associated visual loss underwent multifocal electroretinography (mERG). Two patients had advanced visual loss while two had early signs of toxicity. The N1-P1, N1, P1 amplitudes, ...
Egan Robert A - - 2005
The onset of pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) occurs in the first and second decade of life and a pigmentary retinal degeneration is a feature of the disorder. Since the neuro-ophthalmologic and electroretinographic (ERG) features have never been well delineated, we describe them in 16 patients with PKAN. Observational case series. ...
Richter-Mueksch Sibylla - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in reading performance and contrast sensitivity on patients with drusen maculopathy and subretinal fibrosis after CNV (choroidal neovascularisation). METHODS: 136 patients (60 with drusen (D), 76 with fibrosis (F)) were studied. Patients were classified according to type of maculopathy and best-corrected visual acuity into groups D1 ...
Kao Ling Yuh - - 2005
PURPOSE: To document the high occurrence of complete spontaneous regression of retinoblastoma in a Taiwan series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cases of retinoblastoma (133 eyes of 110 patients) at a single Taiwanese hospital from 1978 to 2002 were reviewed. RESULTS: Complete spontaneous tumor regression and phthisis bulbi were noted in 7 ...
Bonfioli Adriana A - - 2005
Intermediate uveitis is an intraocular inflammation involving the anterior vitreous, peripheral retina and pars plana. It usually affects patients from 5 to 30 years old, without gender or racial preferences. The etiology is unknown but there are several associated diseases: multiple sclerosis, idiopathic optic neuritis, autoimmune corneal endotheliopathy, sarcoidosis, thyroid ...
Campos Sónia H - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To quantify chromatic dysfunction in Best disease to reassess the classic categorization of macular chromatic damage and to investigate psychophysical and clinical correlations. METHODS: Color-contrast discrimination was measured using 2 different psychophysical strategies in age-matched control (n = 41) and patient (n = 34) eyes. The first strategy measured ...
Buch H N - - 2005
AIMS: To assess the coverage of the diabetes retinopathy screening service (DRSS) in North Staffordshire, to identify patient characteristies associated with non-attendance and to assess the proportion of patients with diabetic retinopathy who achieved glycaemic and blood pressure (BP) control targets. METHODS: Data for all patients who underwent annual retinal ...
Silber Michael H - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and associations of complex nocturnal visual hallucinations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 12 patients seen between 1997 and 2004 with complex nocturnal visual hallucinations. Charts were reviewed and data analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 12 patients, 11 were women. Vivid, silent, often distorted ...
Arndt Carl F - - 2005
To evaluate the effects on vision in patients receiving lamotrigine (LTG) monotherapy. Twenty-four consecutive patients taking LTG for partial seizures were referred for a routine ophthalmologic examination including visual acuity testing, tonometry, slit lamp, and fundus examination. Automated kinetic perimetry, electrooculogram (EOG), and electroretinogram were performed after informed consent was ...
Szlyk Janet P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Previous studies indicated abnormal development of fixation toward the optic nerve head in patients with the inherited retinal disease North Carolina macular dystrophy (NCMD). The implication of this development on functional vision and structural characteristics has not been described. METHODS: The anatomical characteristics of five NCMD-affected individuals were assessed ...
Smithen Lindsay M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the manifestations and clinical course of Coats' disease diagnosed in adulthood and to describe the characteristics of patients who develop it. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen eyes of 13 patients with Coats' disease diagnosed after age 35 years. METHODS: All patients examined in the authors' ...
Kim Jonathan W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Histological studies on the human optic nerve have documented decreasing axonal nerve fiber counts with age. In patients with optic atrophy, a nonpathological dropout of ganglion cell axons as part of the normal aging process may become clinically significant. OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of delayed visual loss in ...
Maor Yaakov - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to compare the performance of a mechanical radial endosonoscope and an endorectal electronic probe and to evaluate the value of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) injection in the diagnosis of perianal fistulas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients underwent clinical and endosonographic studies for suspected perianal ...
Saripalli Leela - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the characteristics of patients with corneal melt and to assess if treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) improved the visual outcome. METHOD: We did a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with corneal melt between 1976 and 2002. Twenty-one patients with rheumatoid ...
Chew Hall - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare baseline clinical and socioeconomic features of patients undergoing self-funded photodynamic therapy (PDT) or government-funded subthreshold transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) with a diode laser for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Between July 2000 and August 2001, 115 patients ...
Holder G E - - 2005
To characterise patients with birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR) clinically and electrophysiologically in order to monitor changes in retinal function before and after treatment with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppression. 18 patients with BCR were characterised clinically and electrophysiologically. Serial studies were performed on 14 patients in order to monitor changes in retinal function ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report the diagnostic yield for the evaluation of isolated and unexplained optic atrophy. SETTING: Two tertiary care academic neuroophthalmology clinics. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with optic atrophy. METHODS: Retrospective review of all charts with the diagnosis of optic atrophy. Included patients were adults with isolated, but ...
Tan Colin S H - - 2005
PURPOSE: Many patients experience a variety of visual sensations during cataract surgery under local anaesthesia. Up to 16.2% of patients are frightened by their intraoperative visual experience. This study aimed to determine the knowledge and beliefs of optometry students on this subject. METHODS: A nationwide survey using a standardised, self-administered ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >