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Jadoul Michel M Cliniques universitaires St-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, - - 2014
Background: Although potassium-binding sodium-based resins (K resins) have been prescribed to treat hyperkalemia for 50 years, there have been no large studies of their effects among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: Data from 11,409 patients in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study in Belgium, Canada, France, Italy, and Sweden (nations ...
Bechtold Matthew L - - 2013
Bowel preparation prior to colonoscopy is essential to maximize the benefits of colonoscopy. Numerous bowel preparations have been studied, ranging from 4 L polyethylene glycol (PEG) to split-dose regimens to 2 L PEG with an adjunct laxative (senna, bisacodyl, ascorbic acid). Due to the large volume of PEG required for ...
Gustave Jodi E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aims to identify whether the bacterial protein, Integration Host Factor (IHF), is present within sputum solids collected from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and thus might contribute to the structural stability of biofilms within the lungs. METHODS: The presence of IHF in sputum was determined by immunohistochemistry. The ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Globus sensation is common, but its pathogenesis is not yet clear. AIMS: Our purpose was to investigate subjective perception of swallowing and esophageal motility by combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and manometry (MII-EM) for patients with globus sensation. METHODS: Combined MII-EM was performed for 25 globus patients and 15 healthy ...
Rondón C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Evidence demonstrates the existence of local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in nonatopic patients, although its prevalence in the rhinitis population remains unknown. The aim, therefore, of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and severity of LAR in a Spanish rhinitis population, compared with patients having classical allergic ...
Macias Vasco Coelho - - 2012
In the EU, Methylisothiazolinone (MI) was approved as a preservative in cosmetics and household products in 2005. Since then, several cases of MI contact allergy have been reported. We studied the prevalence of MI sensitization in patients allergic to Methylchloroisothiazolinone/Methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI). From a total of 751 patients submitted to patch ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2012
To describe the clinical syndrome associated with definite tiger snake (Notechis spp) envenoming and to examine the ability of tiger snake antivenom (TSAV) to bind free venom in vivo. We conducted a prospective cohort study within the Australian Snakebite Project, reviewing all definite tiger snake envenoming cases between October 2004 ...
Van Gerven Laura - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Demonstration of nasal hyperreactivity (NHR) in allergic and nonallergic rhinitis remains a diagnostic challenge because of the lack of a clinically attractive protocol with high sensitivity and specificity. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of a shortened cold dry air (CDA) provocation protocol for the diagnosis of NHR ...
Kurt Emel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is not certain in seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effects of natural pollen exposure on IL-18 and its relationship with BHR. METHODS: Thirty-two SAR patients with grass pollen sensitivity, 14 nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) patients and 17 normal-controls ...
Celejewska-Wójcik Natalia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (NP) may associate with aspirin hypersensitivity, presenting the syndrome of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to validate a simple measurement of uLTE4 excretion for diagnostics of AERD in patients with CRS before surgery.  PATIENTS AND METHODS Subjects requiring functional endoscopic ...
Jain Sarika - - 2012
Sinonasal polyposis is considered to be the end-result of a chronic inflammatory process in the sinonasal mucosa. Its underlying mechanisms are still unclear, but the involvement of fungi has been suggested for many years. In the present study, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical and mycological profile of 161 patients with ...
Guo Renyong - - 2012
Recurrent vaginal candidiasis (RVC) is considered to be a hypersensitivity disorder that is associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) in immune deficiencies; however, whether or not the composition of the vaginal fungal flora in patients with AR and RVC is altered and if such alterations in patients with AR are associated ...
Bonamonte Domenico - - 2012
Etiopathogenesis of nummular eczema is obscure; many causative factors have been proposed. Only a few studies investigated the relevance of contact allergy. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the role of contact allergy in the underlying mechanism of nummular eczema. From the 29,323 consecutive patients, we patch-tested for eczematous dermatitis ...
Cho Hyun Hee - - 2012
Alopecia totalis (AT) and alopecia universalis (AU), severe forms of alopecia areata (AA), show distinguishable clinical characteristics from those of patch AA. In this study, we investigated the clinical characteristics of AT/AU according to the onset age. Based on the onset age around adolescence (< or ≥ 13 yr), 108 ...
Shimojima Keiko - - 2012
Subtelomeric deletions of 1q44 cause mental retardation, developmental delay and brain anomalies, including abnormalities of the corpus callosum (ACC) and microcephaly in most patients. We report the cases of six patients with 1q44 deletions; two patients with interstitial deletions of 1q44; and four patients with terminal deletions of 1q. One ...
Franschman Gaby - - 2012
Primary objective: To investigate whether the development of coagulopathy at different stages after isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with distinct cranial computed tomography characteristics. Research design: Retrospective cohort study in 226 patients with moderate-to-severe isolated TBI who were categorized as subjects without coagulopathy or with acute temporary, acute ...
Ahmadiafshar A - - 2012
Objective:This study aimed to determine the prevalence of nasal polyps in patients with allergic rhinitis and with asthma, and also to assess the impact of this condition on these disorders.Study design:Cross-sectional study.Methods:The presence of nasal polyps was assessed by rhinoscopy and endoscopic examination.Results:Nasal polyps were detected in 60 out of ...
Pakarinen Sami - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of pacemakers (PM) atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT)-sensing algorithms in sinus node dysfunction (SND) patients with DDDR pacing programmed with a fixed long atrioventricular (AV) delay. METHODS: In a prospective study, a total of 60 patients with SND were implanted with ...
Müller U - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tests in patients with Hymenoptera venom allergy are frequently positive to venoms of both honey bee and wasp (Vespula). Component-resolved analysis with recombinant species-specific major allergens (rSSMA) may help to distinguish true double sensitization from crossreactivity. METHODS: Included were 121 patients with systemic allergic reactions to Hymenoptera stings, ...
Doi Hirokazu - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Whereas delayed gastric emptying is believed to be a causative factor for producing delayed-on and motor fluctuation in Parkinson's disease (PD), few studies have directly measured levodopa pharmacodynamics and gastric emptying together. In order to determine the relationship, we measured these two parameters in a single PD patients cohort. ...
Ludidi S - - 2012
Background  Visceral hypersensitivity is a frequently observed hallmark of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Studies have reported differently about the presence of visceral hypersensitivity in IBS resulting from lack of standardization of the barostat procedure and due to different criteria used to assess hypersensitivity. We aimed to calculate the optimal cutoff ...
Gernez Yael - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Fifteen to sixty percent of cystic fibrosis patients harbor Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) in their airways (CF-AC) and some will develop allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (CF-ABPA). Since basophils play a key role in allergy, we hypothesized that they would display alterations in CF-ABPA patients compared to CF-AC or patients without Af ...
Tabata Taku - - 2012
To investigate differences in clinical features between diffuse- and focal-type autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Based on radiological findings by computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging, we divided 67 AIP patients into diffuse type (D type) and focal type (F type). We further divided F type into head type (H type) and ...
Ruëff Franziska - - 2012
Background: Sensitization to common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) is associated with a variety of risk factors, which are incompletely defined. Our aim was to evaluate the association of a variety of clinical, geographical and demographical variables with ragweed sensitization and also to determine its frequency in southern Bavaria. Methods: In this ...
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2012
To investigate the chest radiographic and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) chest manifestations in glucocorticoid-naïve allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) patients. This is a prospective observational study and includes 60 consecutive glucocorticoid-naïve patients with ABPA who underwent chest radiography and HRCT of the chest (1.25 mm every 10 mm) in the ...
Patel Katir K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recent studies have confirmed the presence of viable Chlamydia in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of pediatric patients with airway hyperresponsiveness. While specific IgG and IgM responses to C. pneumoniae are well described, the response and potential contribution of Ag-specific IgE are not known. The current study sought ...
Purkayastha D - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) should be performed within two weeks of symptoms for patients with carotid stenosis >50%. Whether these standards are being achieved and causes of delay between symptoms and CEA were investigated. DESIGN: An analysis of prospectively collected multi-centre data. MATERIALS: Consecutive data for patients undergoing CEA between ...
Becker Sven - - 2012
Abstract Conclusions: The limitation in olfactory function in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) can be ascribed to an increase in eosinophilic and mast cell activity in the olfactory cleft. Therefore, the decrease in olfactory functions seems to be predominantly caused by the inflammation of the epithelium and not by ...
Fujishima H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with atopic eczema frequently experience colonization with Staphylococcus aureus that is directly correlated with the eczema severity. We hypothesized that S. aureus-secreted enterotoxins (SE) are involved in the pathophysiology of atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC). METHODS: A total of 45 subjects (18 with AKC, nine vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), eight seasonal allergic ...
Ballmer-Weber B K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Carrot is a frequent cause of food allergy in Europe. The objective of this study was to evaluate a panel of carrot allergens for diagnosis of carrot allergy in Spain, Switzerland and Denmark. METHODS: Forty-nine carrot allergic patients, 71 pollen allergic but carrot-tolerant patients and 63 nonatopic controls were ...
Annesi-Maesano Isabella - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the relation between allergic rhinitis severity and airborne pollen in combination with air pollutants. Objective: To model the risk of suffering from severe seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) as a function of both pollen count and air pollution levels in a large nationwide sample of patients ...
Riccio A M - - 2012
Severe persistent asthma causes a substantial morbidity and mortality burden and is frequently not well controlled, despite intensive guideline-based therapy. The unique monoclonal antibody approved for patients with severe allergic asthma is omalizumab: a recombinant humanised murine against IgE antibodies. The aim of the present study is to investigate the ...
Walsh Simon L F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and pulmonary function indices (PFTs) for determining prognosis in patients with chronic fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (CHP). METHODS: Case records, PFTs (FEV(1), FVC and DLco) and HRCTs of ninety-two patients with chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis were evaluated. HRCT studies were scored by two observers ...
Sagili Suresh - - 2012
Lacrimal scintigraphy (LS) or dacryoscintigraphy can demonstrate abnormalities in 80%-95% of patients with symptoms of epiphora and a patent lacrimal system on syringing and up to 40% asymptomatic individuals. Precise localization of the site of delay may not always be possible due to lack of anatomic detail on LS. LS ...
Nakaoka Hideyuki - - 2012
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a monophasic, immune-mediated demyelinating disorder that can appear after either immunizations or, more often, infections. Magnetic resonance imaging of patients shows inflammatory lesions in the brain and spinal cord. An immune-mediated mechanism may play a role in this disease, although its precise pathogenesis remains unclear. ...
Ahmadiafshar Akefeh - - 2012
Eosinophils are the principal effector cells involved in the pathogenesis of allergic inflammation. We conducted a study to investigate the validity of the nasal smear examination for detecting eosinophilia in patients with allergic rhinitis. Our study group was made up of 50 patients with allergic rhinitis and 50 age- and ...
Handa Sanjeev - - 2012
Background: Hand eczema is a common distressing condition aggravated by a number of endogenous and exogenous factors. Various morphological forms of hand eczema have been described, but categorization into one of them is not always possible. Aims: To study the morphological patterns of hand eczema, relationship of atopy with hand ...
Park Eunjung - - 2012
Context. Some patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning will experience delayed neurological sequelae. Several factors associated with delayed neurological sequelae have been reported, but these factors are unsatisfactory for the assessment of unconscious patients. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of the serum S100B protein ...
Khosravi Ali Reza - - 2012
The association of dermatophytes with atopic patients and improvement in allergic signs with antifungal treatment suggest a possible link between chronic infection and atopy. The purpose of this study was to determine skin reactivity and serum IgE antibody responses in patients with chronic and acute dermatophytosis. One hundred and sixty-three ...
Marvisi M - - 2012
We observed five consecutive cases of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis in subjects working in a salami factory. The workers had to clean the white mould growing on salami surface using a manual wire brush. The five patients (four female) had a mean age of 39 +/- 15 years; two were smokers. Three ...
Yalcin Arzu Didem - - 2012
In this study we compare the Omalizumab treatment modality in the dynamics of cell apoptosis regulating molecules in both severe persistent asthma patients who had no other any allergic disease, newly diagnosed patients with allergic asthma, and healthy volunteers. Severe persistent allergic asthma patients were subjected to measurement of serum ...
Ozkara Sule - - 2012
We aimed to study Th1/Th2 cell balance by measuring the levels of cytokines IL-4, IL-10, and IFN-γ, which play an important role in the immune response of patients with allergic rhinitis and/or nasal polyps, and determine the correlation between Th1/Th2 cell balance and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), an active metabolite of vitamin ...
Glück Joanna - - 2012
Th2 cells play an important role in intermittent allergic rhinitis (IAR). Interleukin (IL)-33 stimulates the production of Th2-associated cytokines. IL-33 binds to ST2 receptor which is highly expressed on mast cells and selectively on Th2 cells. IL-33 and ST2 might be involved in the Th2-mediated immune response. We analyzed the ...
Zaouali Sonia - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of supratarsal injection of triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of refractory allergic keratoconjunctivitis in childhood. Thirty-five patients (70 eyes) with severe allergic keratoconjunctivitis were included in this study. Fifteen patients (42.8%) had atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and 20 (57.2%) had vernal keratoconjuncivitis (VKC). All patients ...
Kerckhoffs Angele Pm - - 2012
Colorectal visceral hypersensitivity has been demonstrated in a subset of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) patients. Serine protease and serotonergic signalling modulate gastrointestinal visceral sensitivity. We evaluated whether altered mucosal serine protease and serotonergic pathway components are related to rectal visceral hypersensitivity in IBS patients. Colorectal mucosal biopsies of 23 IBS ...
Feng M - - 2012
This study investigated the pollution of dust mite allergens in the houses of 30 families and their infection to young allergic asthma patients in Shanghai. Medical records, family information, and dust samples were collected from the dwellings of 15 young allergic asthma patients and 15 healthy subjects. Der 1 allergen, ...
BakirtaƟ Arzu - - 2012
Background/aims: Eosinophilic esophagitis is a rare allergic disease of the esophagus with no published data in Turkish children. Methods: This is an observational study of children diagnosed as eosinophilic esophagitis in our hospital between February 2009 and January 2011. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features, allergic work-up, endoscopic and histological ...
Kim Young Hyo - - 2012
There is still no study involving the immunologic properties of local allergic rhinitis (LAR). We aimed to determine the immunologic profile of patients with LAR by analyzing cytokines in the serum and nasal secretions and correlated the results with clinical characteristics. Ten healthy volunteers (group A), nine patients with allergic ...
Núñez R - - 2012
Background: The role of profilin as a food allergen is well established, but little research has been done about its ability to elicit respiratory disease. Profilin is considered more of a confounding allergen on skin testing with whole pollen extracts than other airborne allergens. Our aim was to find out ...
Cuéllar C - - 2012
Diagnosis in gastro-allergic anisakiasis (GAA) is straightforward, when clinical history is combined with further allergological evaluation of specific IgE by means of skin prick test and serum specific IgE. In Anisakis simplex sensitisation associated chronic urticaria (CU+), clinical evaluation of possible previous parasitism is difficult, and positive serum specific IgE ...
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