Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1350
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de Raucourt Emmanuelle - - 2003
We report two patients who developed acquired factor V (FV) inhibitors not related to exposure to bovine thrombin. Associated conditions were found in one patient (surgery, antibiotic administration) but none in the other one. Bleeding complications occurred only in the patient with idiopathic FV inhibitor, leading to packed red cell ...
Cenni Elisabetta - - 2003
We studied the plasma levels of coagulation inhibitors, of fibrinolysis and PDGF-AB, in patients with aseptic loosening of the hip replacement. 23 patients having loose hip prostheses were compared to patients having 15 stable hip prostheses, and 26 undergoing primary hip replacement. The levels of the coagulation inhibitors antithrombin III ...
Chohan Rizwana - - 2003
Calcineurin inhibitor-induced central nervous system toxicities are uncommon and often resolve after discontinuation of the offending drug. The long-term outcome of these patients is, however, unknown. Resolution of symptoms occurred in 70% of 30 allografted recipients who developed calcineurin inhibitor-induced neurotoxicity. When patients were rechallenged with the same or a ...
Benassi M S - - 2003
The activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in degrading extracellular matrix is controlled by activation of pro-enzymes and inhibition of MMP tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). To assess proteolytic cascade imbalance in malignancy progression, the enzymatic activity of MMP2 and MMP9 and the expression and serum level of their inhibitors, TIMP2 and TIMP1 ...
Cantürk Zeynep - - 2003
Hypothyroidism has been associated with atherosclerosis. The mechanisms of atherosclerosis in patients with thyroid failure remain controversial. Hypofibrinolysis might be a risk factor for thromboembolic disease in subclinical hypothyroidism (SH). We measured fibrinolytic activity in patients with SH before and after levothyroxine (LT(4)) treatment and compared it to those of ...
Gerlach Rüdiger - - 2003
Cranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) may occur post-traumatic or sporadic. The physiopathologic mechanisms of sporadic DAVF are still unclear. A dural sinus thrombosis followed by an increase in venous pressure and/or an increased procoagulatory activity of the coagulation system are associated at least with some DAVF. The objective of this ...
Jones G L - - 2003
A prospective pilot study was conducted to investigate the role and relevance of clotting profiles in the management of epistaxis patients. Forty-eight per cent of the study patients had abnormal clotting profiles. Half of the abnormal clotting profiles could have been predicted from a routine history, but half could not. ...
Houissa B - - 2003
Cryoprecipitate is the principal type of factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate used for treating haemophilia A in Tunisia. Allergic reactions, viral transmission, and inhibitor formation remain the most serious complications of FVIII therapy. The aims of the study presented here were to evaluate the efficacy of FVIII therapy, to investigate the ...
Ota Kazuo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In congenital or acquired antithrombin III-deficient patients undergoing haemodialysis, coagulation or residual blood in the blood circuit and dialyser is commonly observed under anticoagulation with heparin. Argatroban, a synthetic thrombin antagonist, directly inhibits thrombin activity in a manner that is different from that of heparin, thereby displaying an anticoagulating ...
Pivalizza Evan G - - 2003
There are few reports of the use of Thrombelastgraph (TEG) in patients with isolated or inherited bleeding disorders. Three surgical patients are presented with von Willebrand's disease, factor XII deficiency, and hemophilia A with dysfibrinogenemia in which the abnormalities detected by the TEG were similar to the expected coagulation abnormalities ...
Ingerslev J - - 2003
In the clinical setting, patients suffering from haemophilia are classified according to the residual level of the deficient coagulation factor. Patients suffering from the severe form of haemophilia (critical factor level <0.01 IU mL-1) display some heterogeneity in their tendency to bleeding despite the uniform factor level. Utilizing a new ...
Nimah Marianne - - 2003
In patients diagnosed with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock, cytokine-mediated endothelial injury, and TF activation initiate a cascade of events that culminate in the development of coagulation dysfunction characterized as procoagulant and antifibrinolytic. This abnormal state predisposes the patient to develop microvascular thrombosis, tissue ischemia, and organ hypoperfusion. Multiple ...
Teresa Sartori Maria - - 2003
Severe type I plasminogen deficiency is the underlying cause of ligneous conjunctivitis, a rare disease characterized by wood-like pseudomembranes developing on the ocular and extraocular mucosa. Two unrelated female patients with ligneous conjunctivitis and moderate hypoplasminogenemia are described. Being of fertile age, they were treated with oral contraceptives, which determined ...
Studt J-D - - 2003
Severe deficiency of von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS-13) activity (<5% of normal) is specific for classical thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), a disorder presenting with thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and often with organ dysfunction such as neurological symptoms, renal failure, and fever. A certain, though according to several case series, variable ...
Stegmayr Bernd G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of using a rescue therapy including plasma exchange given to patients with a progressive acute disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University and county hospital. PATIENTS: Included were 76 consecutive patients (41 men and 35 women) treated with ...
Landsberg P G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The heavy usage of coxibs in Australia far outstrips the predicted usage that was based on the treatment of patients with risk factors for upper gastro-intestinal adverse events from conventional anti-inflammatory agents. This raises questions regarding the appropriateness of prescribing. AIMS: To determine: (i) the relationship between prescriptions for ...
Cakmak S - - 2003
The authors studied 16 consecutive cases of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Clinical outcome was good or excellent in 14 patients. Comprehensive hypercoagulable screening was done at least 3 months after the onset of CVT, including evaluation of genetic coagulation disorders and plasma levels of homocysteine and factor VIII. This screening ...
Jones Lynne C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between hypofibrinolysis, thrombophilia, and osteonecrosis. We evaluated the frequency of abnormal concentrations of 9 coagulation factors in patients diagnosed with osteonecrosis. METHODS: Blood samples were drawn from 45 patients diagnosed with osteonecrosis. Etiologic associations included systemic lupus erythematosus (n = 9), inflammatory bowel disease (n ...
Chen Wei-Hsi - - 2003
Protein C (PC), protein S (PS), and antithrombin III (AT-III) are vital thrombin antagonists in circulation. However, the prevalence of these natural inhibitors for cerebral ischemia is barely mentioned in the Chinese population. The prevalence of PC, PS, and AT-III deficiency in Chinese adults with cerebral ischemia is reported. The ...
Salomon O - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Factor XI (FXI) contributes to thrombin generation thereby affecting fibrin formation and to down regulation of fibrinolysis by activation of thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether patients with severe FXI deficiency are protected against acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: The ...
Schreiber J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypercoagulability is common even after minimally invasive surgical techniques and is pathogenetically linked to postoperative thrombotic and cardiac complications. The activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems after bronchoscopic and thoracoscopic investigations has not yet been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate whether bronchoscopic and ...
Pati Hara Prasad - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hemostatic abnormalities have been reported in various hepatocellular diseases. We evaluated the hemostatic functions in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome. METHODS: Biochemical liver function tests, and measurement of prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and plasma levels of anti-thrombin III (antigen) and activity of protein C were done in 36 ...
Vossebeld P J M - - 2003
AAFACT, a monoclonal purified, solvent/detergent treated human plasma-derived coagulation factor VIII concentrate obtained from plasma of voluntary, non-remunerated blood donors, is manufactured and marketed in the Netherlands by Sanquin Plasma Products since 1995. In a postmarketing surveillance study, 70 previously treated haemophilia A patients were included (73% severe, 14% moderate ...
Minnema M C - - 2003
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major complication in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) during treatment with thalidomide combined with chemotherapy and/or dexamethasone. The pathophysiology is not clear. We performed a cross-sectional study in 20 MM patients who were treated with thalidomide for refractory/relapsed disease. Seven patients (35%) experienced an episode ...
Cugno Massimo - - 2003
Angioedema has different causes and different clinical presentations. Some types of angioedema may be mediated by bradykinin. We measured plasma levels of bradykinin-(1-9)nonapeptide by radioimmunoassay after high-performance liquid chromatography in patients with different types of angioedema during acute attacks and/or in remission, i.e. hereditary C1-inhibitor deficiency, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) ...
Kyrle Paul A - - 2003
There is now convincing evidence that a high level of coagulation factor VIII is an important risk factor for venous thromboembolism. A factor VIII plasma concentration above 1500 IU/l is associated with an almost 5-fold risk for a first episode of venous thrombosis. In thrombosis patients high factor VIII has ...
De Lorenzo Ferruchio - - 2003
Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) are at considerable risk for recurrent ischaemic events. A pre-thrombotic state and/or impaired fibrinolysis might play an important role in causing recurrent ischaemic events. Two hundred and fifty-seven CHD patients underwent the dobutamine stress echocardiography test (DSE) to investigate the possible presence of inducible ...
Makin Andrew J - - 2003
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication are common in men aged over 55 years. Once the diagnosis has been made, very few patients suffer from a deterioration of the disease. Those that do deteriorate tend to do so due to thrombosis of an affected artery. It is apparent that ...
Kyriakou Despina S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the frequency and specificity of acquired coagulation inhibitors in inflammatory and malignant gastrointestinal diseases. METHODS: In a 10-year period, 511 patients from the island of Crete in Greece were studied, 302 with ulcerative colitis, 112 with Crohn's disease, 82 with gastrointestinal carcinoma and 15 with gastrointestinal lymphoma. ...
Penning-van Beest F J - - 2002
Coumarin anticoagulants impair the biological activity of the vitamin K-dependent procoagulant and anticoagulant proteins. There are no reports that focus on the levels of these proteins in over-anticoagulated patients. Therefore, we determined the levels of factor II, factor VII, factor IX and factor X, protein C and protein S in ...
Ghosh K - - 2002
Development of inhibitor to FVIII in haemophilia patients is well-known and is not uncommon. However, their development for the first time during the postoperative period has hardly been reported. In a developing country such as India, where resources are limited, development of such an eventuality may prove disastrous. However, as ...
Demesmay Karine - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is an important cause of morbidity in patients undergoing allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT). Various causes have been identified, such as the use of high-dose cyclophosphamide or busulfan and the occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease or viral infections (cytomegalovirus, adenovirus, polyomavirus). METHODS: The clinical course of four ...
Schneppenheim Reinhard - - 2003
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is caused by the persistence of the highly reactive high-molecular-weight multimers of von Willebrand factor (VWF) due to deficiency of the specific VWF-cleaving protease (VWF-CP) ADAMTS13, resulting in microangiopathic disease. The acquired form is caused by autoantibodies against VWF-CP, whereas homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations of ...
Erhardtsen Elisabeth - - 2002
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa, 'NovoSeven' was initially developed for the treatment of bleeding in patients with haemophilia and inhibitors, and is currently licensed in most countries worldwide. The mechanism of action suggests that its enhancing effects in haemostasis are limited to the site of injury and that systemic activation ...
Antovic J P - - 2002
Thrombin Activatable Fibrinolysis Inhibitor (TAFI) is a relatively recently described glycoprotein (MM 55 KDa) that can be converted into its active form by the thrombin/thrombomodulin complex and potentially inhibits fibrinolysis. Since it represents a link between coagulation and fibrinolysis, TAFI can be expected to play a part in various clinical ...
Lopes Antonio Augusto - - 2002
Altered endothelial anti-thrombotic properties have been observed in primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension. In the Eisenmenger syndrome, correlations of these abnormalities with the clinical status and occurrence of chronic intravascular coagulation (CIC) have not been confirmed. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the occurrence of CIC, as ...
Nilsson G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Global haemostatic tests are often abnormal in critically ill patients, secondary to activation or consumption of coagulation factors or inhibitors. Methods for analysing plasma levels of these factors are, however, not widely available, and the predictive value of global tests is not known. We examined the clinical applicability to ...
Sugimoto Mitsuhiko - - 2003
To explore the mechanisms that underlie the bleeding tendency in type 2A and 2B von Willebrand disease (VWD), we analyzed the mural thrombus generation process on a collagen surface under physiologic blood flow in a perfusion chamber using whole blood from these VWD patients. At a low shear rate (50 ...
Garaci Francesco Giuseppe - - 2003
We report a case of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm which occurred in a patient with von Willebrand's disease. The patient presented with upper abdominal pain and diagnosis was made by US and CT examinations. This case emphasizes the possible association between an established coagulation disorder and pseudoaneurysm. The patient was successfully ...
Lubetsky A - - 2002
The present study was undertaken to evaluate stability, pharmacokinetic profile and efficacy of continuous infusion of 8Y in patients with different types of von Willebrand disease (vWD). Following reconstitution, 8Y levels of von Willebrand factor ristocetin cofactor (vWF:Rco), vWF antigen and factor VIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C) decreased to about 80% ...
Delgado Julio - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Acquired hemophilia is a rare disease caused by the development of autoantibodies against factor VIII. Since 1981 we have observed 17 patients with this disorder in our institution. The objective of this survey was to assess the epidemiological features, clinical course, and mortality rate of these patients, with special ...
Makris M - - 2002
We describe four patients with von Willebrand's disease (VWD) who experienced venous thrombosis after treatment with an intermediate purity factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate (Haemate P3) was used to cover invasive or surgical procedures. Most patients had additional risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and it is difficult to be certain ...
Frémeaux-Bacchi Véronique - - 2002
PURPOSE: Acquired angioedema type 1 is characterized by a C1 inhibitor deficiency in patients with lymphoproliferative disorders, whereas acquired angioedema type 2 is characterized by anti-C1 inhibitor antibodies, and has not been thought to be associated with lymphoproliferative disease. We studied the clinical features, complement profiles, and associated diseases in ...
Bianchi Valentina - - 2002
A severe deficiency in von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) activity (< 5% that in normal plasma) has been observed in most patients with a diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) but not in those with a diagnosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome. However, ADAMTS13 deficiency has been claimed not to be ...
Deshpande Aparna A - - 2002
Patients presenting with acute disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) as the first symptom of malignancy are rare. A 68-year-old man presented with DIC. On evaluation, he was found to have adenocarcinoma of the stomach. Resection of the growth controlled the DIC for a few days, after which the patient developed altered ...
Lochow Peter - - 2002
Patients with protruding aortic atheroma containing mobile emboli are at risk for peripheral emboli and stroke. This risk may possibly be reduced by anticoagulation, but whether or not such patients have an increased prevalence of thrombotic risk factors has not been previously determined. Twenty-two patients were studied (11 with protruding ...
Key Nigel S - - 2002
Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa; Novoseven) is used for treatment of hemophilia patients with inhibitors. There are poorly defined differences in clinical responsiveness between individuals. Prior to licensure in the United States, rFVIIa was available through the compassionate use program, during which two patients described in this study demonstrated an excellent ...
Piscaglia Fabio - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present investigation was to study the endogenous circadian clock phase rhythm in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: The study population comprised 13 patients with cirrhosis (seven in Child-Pugh class A and six in classes B/C) and nine healthy controls. Plasma melatonin, tissue plasminogen activator antigen, and plasminogen ...
Kreuz Wolfhart - - 2002
In order to assess inhibitor development in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe (factor VIII [FVIII]<1%) and moderate (FVIII 1 to 5%) hemophilia A, a prospective study was initiated in 1976. During the 23-year study period, 72 hemophiliacs were frequently exposed prophylactically or on demand to plasma-derived (pd) (n = ...
Park Y-D - - 2002
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a life-threatening complication after stem cell transplantation (SCT), characterized by thrombus formation in hepatic venules leading to a symptom triad of hyperbilirubinemia, hepatomegaly, and ascites. Multifactorial defects in the hemostatic system may contribute to its pathogenesis, but its remains to be investigated. Unusually large VWF ...
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