Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1349
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Tripatara Amporn - - 2007
Beta-thalassemia/hemoglobin (Hb) E is a hereditary hemolytic anemia with varying degrees of severity. Severely affected patients are treated with blood transfusion and/or splenectomy in order to maintain an optimum level of hemoglobin for normal growth and physical activities. As thrombosis has been observed among splenectomized patients, we have investigated alterations ...
Matsuo Takefumi - - 2007
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is known to complicate disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), but rarely to be complicated by DIC. We measured the titers of anti-PF4/hepatin complex antibodies by ELISA (HIT-Elisa) and examined 4 parameters of coagulation and fibrinolysis [D-dimer, thrombin/antithrombin complex (TAT), plasmin/alpha2-plasmin inhibitor complex (PIC), and antithrombin levels] in 80 ...
Nguyen Trung C - - 2007
We studied the state of ultra-large von Willebrand factor (ULVWF) proteolysis in 21 pediatric patients with severe sepsis and found that the overall group of patients had moderately reduced ADAMTS-13 activity, but 31% had severe enzymatic deficiency. The severe deficiency correlated with greater adhesion activity of von Willebrand factor, severity ...
Ettingshausen C Escuriola - - 2006
The development of inhibitors in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with haemophilia A is correlated with a variety of endogenous and exogenous risk factors. It is still controversial whether recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) products pose a higher risk for inhibitor development than plasma-derived (pd) FVIII concentrates, particularly with intact von Willebrand ...
Kim Mi Jung - - 2006
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) rarely recurs, and the factors associated with a recurrence remain unclear. Recently, however, elevated plasma coagulation factor VIII has been considered a factor related to recurrent venous thromboembolism. Here we report a patient who had recurrent CVT associated with significantly elevated levels of factor VIII despite ...
Stridsberg Mats - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: CgA has been shown to be an excellent marker for neuroendocrine tumours. However, there are two major drawbacks with CgA measurements; elevated levels are common in patients with decreased renal function and in patients on treatment with proton pump inhibitors. These problems are not seen with CgB measurements. We ...
Kim Hyun Kyung - - 2007
Although the presence of decreased plasma fibrinogen has been regarded as an indicator of ongoing disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), fibrinogen, which is one of the acute phase reactants, is often increased in the patients with DIC. We investigated the diagnostic and prognostic utility of a new parameter [the fibrinogen/C-reactive protein ...
Lim Sean - - 2006
We report the case of a 71-year-old man on warfarin for chronic atrial fibrillation presenting with a massive spontaneous soft tissue bleed. Despite reversing the effects of warfarin with large doses of intravenous vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma, bleeding continued, and his prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time ...
Zingale Lorenza C - - 2006
Angioedema without major urticarial flares (hives) is poorly understood. Its causes are diverse, and little is known about its pathogenic mechanisms. We report on our 11 years of experience with this condition and propose a classification of patients affected by angioedema unaccompanied by urticaria. From 1993 through 2003 at our ...
Wiedermann Christian J - - 2006
The objective was to estimate the effect of antithrombin therapy on mortality in disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) of severe sepsis and septic shock. Randomized clinical trials (RCT) on patients with DIC and severe sepsis or septic shock assigned to intravenous antithrombin or placebo were searched. Eligible studies reported death as ...
Bay Ali - - 2006
There are many complex pathophysiologic changes of the coagulation system in sepsis. The fibrinolytic system was evaluated in septic children using the global fibrinolytic capacity (GFC), a new technique reflecting the overall fibrinolytic activity. The study consisted of 24 children with sepsis, 36 children with sepsis plus disseminated intravascular coagulation ...
Sjöland Helen - - 2007
AIM: To explore the association between the coagulation protein fibrinogen and the fibrinolytic biomarker plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and the long-term mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 729 patients undergoing CABG at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, a blood sample for fibrinogen and PAI-1 was collected prior ...
Rewat Phankingthongkum
Thesis (M.Sc.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2004
Kwon Seong Ryul - - 2006
We wanted to see whether the active inflammation in Behcet's disease (BD) can cause a thrombotic disorder by decreasing the protein S (PS) activity, and we evaluated the relationship between the decreased PS activity and the disease activity of BD. We included 122 patients with BD whose PS activity levels ...
Voves Claudia - - 2006
We evaluated the score for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) recently published by the International Society for Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) in a well-defined series of sepsis patients. Thirty-two patients suffering from severe sepsis and eight patients with septic shock were evaluated following the ISTH DIC score. Fibrin monomer and D-dimer ...
Higaki Shingo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present paper was to determine the mechanism by which the level of coagulation factor XIIIA declines during the active phase of Crohn's disease. METHODS: The relationship between the activity of Crohn's disease and factor XIIIA was observed in 31 patients with Crohn's disease prospectively. The ...
Ramasastry Sai S - - 2006
The authors describe breast augmentation in a patient with von Willebrand disease (vWD), providing a template for treating such patients. Because there is no single ideal laboratory test predictive of surgical bleeding, preoperative history remains the most important diagnostic tool. A vigilant pursuit of signs of undiagnosed vWD or other ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2006
The development of inhibitors in patients with mild/moderate hemophilia A is an increasingly recognized occurrence and is manifested by the patients' bleeding pattern becoming more severe. Inherited (hemophilia genetic mutations) and acquired (type and delivery of factor VIII replacement therapy) factors have been associated with an increased likelihood of developing ...
Deghady Akram - - 2006
Gaucher disease is the most prevalent inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of beta-glucocerebrosidase enzyme. Clinically, 3 forms of Gaucher disease are recognized, of which type 1 is the mild to moderately severe, slowly progressive, nonneuropathic form. Bleeding disorders in Gaucher disease are believed to be due to thrombocytopenia ...
Filho Aguimar de Matos Bourguignon Ade - - 2006
Surgical treatment of patients with bleeding disorders requires careful planning. The use of fibrin sealants following a dental extraction in a patient with von Willebrand's disease is presented in this report. A female patient with von Willebrand's disease had an extraction of a maxillary right third molar. After evaluation by ...
McMullin Neil R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In bleeding patients who are coagulopathic, the clinical response to administration of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) relates to the changes in prothrombin time (PT). DESIGN: Retrospective review of all surgical and trauma patients who were coagulopathic and received factor VIIa at the authors' institution over the past 27 months. ...
Gerstner Thorsten - - 2006
PURPOSE: Valproic acid (VPA) is an antiepileptic drug (AED) commonly used for generalized and focal epilepsies. The clinical relevance of coagulopathies, known as side effects of VPA therapy, especially thrombocytopenia, von Willebrand disease, and a decrease of factor XIII, is still unclear. METHODS: In our institute, we noticed a high ...
Tsochatzis E - - 2007
Patients with cirrhosis and impaired coagulation often pose major therapeutic problems during bleeding episodes or invasive procedures. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), which has been licensed for the treatment of haemophilia patients with factor VIII or IX inhibitors, has been occasionally used in cirrhotic patients. We present five patients with ...
Modaresi A R - - 2006
This survey was conducted to evaluate coagulation factor VIII:C inhibitors among 102 hemophilia A patients from different cities of Khorasan province in north east of Iran in order to identify and characterize the pattern of inhibitor formation in these patients population. For this purpose, we randomly obtained plasma samples of ...
Kölbel Tilo - - 2006
The concentration of the complex between activated protein C (APC) and protein C inhibitor (PCI) is a measure of thrombin generation. We studied whether it can provide information useful for the diagnosis and treatment of arterial vascular disease. Blood was obtained from 429 vascular patients admitted consecutively during September 2004 ...
Fox R A - - 2006
Neutralizing alloantibodies (inhibitors) to factor VIII or factor IX develop in approximately 25% of patients with haemophilia A and <3% of patients with haemophilia B treated with factor concentrate. Patients with high titre inhibitors, in whom immune tolerance therapy fails, have few treatment options. Targeted anti-B-cell therapy with rituximab (chimeric ...
Asero Riccardo - - 2006
Chronic urticaria (CU), with or without angioedema, is a frequent disorder defined as the occurrence of pruritic wheals for > 6 weeks. Studies carried out in the last two decades showed that the origin of the disease is autoimmune in up to 50% of cases. Currently available treatments include antihistamines, ...
Prenzel F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with Henoch-Schoenlein purpura (HSP), particularly with severe gastrointestinal symptoms, an associated decrease of plasma factor XIII has been observed. PATIENT: The authors report a case of HSP in a boy and describe the development of factor XIII activities throughout the course of the disease. Every relapse of ...
Song Jae Woo - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between factor XIII (FXIII) activity and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) parameters and also to evaluate the clinical usefulness of DIC diagnosis. Citrated plasma from eighty patients with potential DIC was analyzed for FXIII activity. The primary patient conditions (48 male ...
Khoo Saye H - - 2006
We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and adherence support (collectively, AT) vs standard of care (SOC) in patients receiving HIV protease inhibitors (PIs) and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) within a nurse-led clinic. Primary end points were failure to achieve viral load of <50 copies/mL ...
Nettles Richard E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Effective therapeutic drug monitoring for antiretrovirals requires a better understanding of intraindividual variability in pharmacokinetics. METHODS: We determined concentrations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease and nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors for 10 patients with undetectable plasma HIV RNA levels who had been receiving stable regimens for > or = 11 ...
Fallo F - - 2006
Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) have impaired vasodilation both dependent and independent of endothelium. The aims of our study were to measure three different biochemical markers of endothelial activation, i. e., plasma thrombomodulin, soluble(s) E-selectin, and von Willebrand factor, in PHPT patients before and one year after successful parathyroidectomy, and ...
De Lucia Domenico - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Benign Intracranial Hypertension (BIH) may be caused, at least in part, by intracranial sinus thrombosis. Thrombosis is normally due to derangements in blood coagulation cascade which may predispose to abnormal clotting activation or deficiency in natural inhibitors' control. The aim of the study is to examine the strength of ...
Salomon Ophira - - 2006
Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder that may arise from any of a number of missense, nonsense, splice site, insertion, and deletion mutations within the FXI gene. Severely affected patients are at considerable risk of developing inhibitors to FXI and, although spontaneous bleeding is uncommon in such ...
Carcao M - - 2006
When a high titre inhibitor develops in a patient with haemophilia, attempts are made to eradicate it through immune tolerance induction therapy (ITI) involving the frequent and regular administration of factor, usually for months to years. ITI is successful in only two thirds of patients prompting investigators to explore alternate ...
Cheung Y-F - - 2006
We tested the hypothesis that Chinese patients have a coagulation profile that is less prothrombotic than that of Caucasian counterparts after the Fontan procedure by determining the type and prevalence of anticoagulant and procoagulant deficiencies in Chinese patients and comparing the findings to those previously reported in Caucasian series. The ...
Nielsen E W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Up to seven in every 1000 patients experience angioedema from angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, even after many years of use. In 2003, every 20th Norwegian used an ACE inhibitor. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a past acute myocardial infarction had used 7.5 mg ...
Coppola A - - 2006
Prophylaxis with von Willebrand factor (VWF)-containing concentrates is considered to be a potential approach for patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) and severe bleeding tendency. We report the case of a 57-year-old man with type 3 VWD and a history of recurrent melaena. Bleeding frequency and severity had progressively increased ...
Sadler J Evan - - 2006
Almost 80 years after Eli Moschcowitz published the first description of the disease, most patients with idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) were found to have acquired autoantibody inhibitors of the ADAMTS13 metalloprotease. Plasma ADAMTS13 normally cleaves von Willebrand factor within nascent platelet-rich thrombi, and ADAMTS13 deficiency allows unchecked thrombus growth ...
Kienast J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a serious complication of sepsis that is associated with a high mortality. OBJECTIVES: Using the adapted International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) diagnostic scoring algorithm for DIC, we evaluated the treatment effects of high-dose antithrombin (AT) in patients with severe sepsis with or ...
Nelson Austin T - - 2006
Superwarfarins are found in many pesticides, including D-con, Prufe I and II, Ramik, Talon-G, Ratak, and Contrac. Ingestion of can lead to significant morbidity and even mortality. Physicians need to consider this diagnosis in any patient presenting with coagulopathy of unclear etiology. We present a patient with superwarfarin-induced coagulopathy and ...
Nguyen Trung C - - 2006
New onset thrombocytopenia and multiple organ failure (TAMOF) presages poor outcome in critical illness. Patients who resolve thrombocytopenia by day 14 are more likely to survive than those who do not. Patients with TAMOF have a spectrum of microangiopathic disorders that includes thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) ...
von Depka M - - 2005
The options available for treating the patient with haemophilia and inhibitors undergoing surgery or with other acute bleeds include high-dose factor VIII (FVIII) (human or porcine), prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs), activated PCCs (aPCCs), recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), and factor replacement combined with immunoadsorption or immunosuppression. Human FVIII is effective ...
Mannucci Pier M - - 2005
A variety of treatment options are available at present for patients with von Willebrand disease (vWD), some of which are affordable for patients in developing countries. For most patients who have type 1 vWD, desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) is the treatment of first choice, at least for minor bleedings and for ...
Shamsi Tahir Sultan - - 2005
Recombinant activated factor VII is indicated mainly for the treatment of patients with haemophilia inhibitors. It has also been found successful in the treatment of platelet disorder Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. Recently, its use in trauma patients and in patients with intracereberal haemorrhage has become well established. We present three cases of ...
Ka┼║mierczak Maciej - - 2005
Cancer procoagulant (CP) is a cysteine proteinase that may be produced by malignant and foetal tissue. The possible role of CP in the pathogenesis of cancer-related thrombosis has been suggested recently. The purpose of the study was to evaluate coagulation prothrombotic markers and their relation to CP concentration in the ...
Jansen Ilse M J - - 2005
It has been suggested that breastfeeding may prevent inhibitor formation in patients with hemophilia. In a single-center retrospective cohort study, the authors studied the association between breastfeeding and inhibitor development in 90 severe hemophilia A patients born 1975-2003. Mean follow-up was 13.2 years (standard deviation 8.7). A total of 62% ...
Heyworth Benton E - - 2005
Hemophilia is an X-linked inherited bleeding disorder characterized by a deficiency of clotting factor VIII or IX in the intrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade. This disease can have a profound, debilitating effect on the musculoskeletal system through recurrent hemarthroses and intermuscular hematomas. Although medical management with replacement factor is ...
Goudemand Jenny - - 2006
Inhibitor development is the major treatment complication in children with severe hemophilia A. It is not clear whether the risk of inhibitors is higher with recombinant factor VIII or with plasma-derived factor VIII. We used multivariate analysis to compare 2 cohorts of previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe hemophilia A: ...
Schwartz Dagan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many emergency departments use coagulation studies in the evaluation of patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of abnormal coagulation studies in ED patients evaluated for suspected ACS, and to investigate whether abnormal international normalized ratio/partial thromboplastin time testing resulted in changes in patient management ...
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