Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 995
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Kato Akihiko - - 2002
We report a male case of thrombotic microangiopathy with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). Thrombocytopenia and hemolytic anemia developed despite steroid treatment for acute interstitial pneumonitis. The patient became confused and eventually developed coma. Diffusion-weighted MRI revealed high intensity at the brainstem, frontal lobes, basal nuclei, and insula, findings compatible ...
Hiramatsu N - - 2002
We describe the development of intention myoclonus following severe cardiopulmonary failure in three paediatric patients. Symptoms occurred during the withdrawal of midazolam and fentanyl, which were used for prolonged sedation, and resolved spontaneously. Because the three patients had concomitant brain injury secondary to cardiopulmonary failure.related hypoxia, we propose that the ...
Reuber M - - 2002
Markers of brain abnormalities in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) were studied to explore whether physical brain disorder is associated with an increased risk of PNES. Evidence of epileptiform EEG changes, MRI abnormalities, and neuropsychological (NPS) deficits was obtained from the records of 329 consecutive patients in whom the ...
Jabbari Bahman B Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2002
To study the role of mild brain injury in intractable epilepsy. The medical charts of 86 patients who underwent surgery for intractable epilepsy were reviewed in regard to the history of mild brain injury, pathology and surgical outcome. Nine of 86 patients had a previous history of mild brain injury ...
Espat N Joseph - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Brain metastases from soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are uncommon. To the authors' knowledge limited information is available regarding the influence of the initial STS site, the significance of parenchymal versus leptomeningeal metastases, and the role of surgical resection. METHODS: STS patients evaluated between July 1982 and March 1999 who ...
Wellisch David K - - 2002
Very few studies have been performed utilizing DSM criteria to diagnose major depressive disorder (MDD) in adult brain tumor patients. This study aimed to diagnose MDD in this population using DSM-IV criteria.Eighty-nine adult brain tumor patients were examined in an ambulatory neuro-oncology clinic setting using a structured psychiatric interview which ...
Løberg Else-Marie - - 2002
Impaired functional brain asymmetry has been shown in schizophrenic patients, in addition to attentional deficits related to this laterality impairment. However, it has usually been shown in older patients with frequent positive symptoms. This is a matter of concern because previous studies have suggested that such deficits interact with subgroup ...
Ziske C G - - 2002
Paclitaxel (Taxol) is a diterpene plant product and antineoplastic agent that promotes the assembly of microtubules as well as stabilizing their formation by preventing depolymerization. Myelosuppression was found to be dose-limiting, but peripheral neurotoxicity is also a well known side-effect. Central nervous system toxicity is rare, probably because paclitaxel does ...
Kornreich L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate abnormalities in the craniofacial structures and in the brain in patients with Laron syndrome. DESIGN: Eleven patients with classical Laron syndrome, nine untreated adults aged 36-68 years and two children aged 4 and 9 years (the latter treated by IGF-I), were studied. METHODS: Magnetic resonance images of ...
Garcia H H - - 2002
End stages of neurocysticercosis include residual intraparenchymal brain calcifications and hydrocephalus. Although brain calcifications alone have a benign prognosis, hydrocephalus is frequently associated with chronic inflammation and intracranial hypertension, together with a protracted clinical evolution, and may lead to patient deaths. By using a monoclonal-based antigen detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ...
Pfund Zoltán - - 2002
Based on previous reports suggesting a role of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the pathomechanism of alternating hemiplegia of childhood and speculation that it may be a migraine variant, we measured brain serotonin synthesis in children with alternating hemiplegia of childhood. Clinical and neurodevelopmental data, as well as standard uptake values ...
Barsottini O G P - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to determine whether brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging is capable of detecting perfusional abnormalities. Ten Sydenham's chorea (SC) patients, eight females and two males, 8 to 25 years of age (mean 13.4), with a clinical diagnosis of SC were submitted to ...
Lorberboym Mordechai - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The acceleration forces infringing the cervical spine in whiplash injury are frequently associated with multiple cerebral symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between cerebral perfusion findings, P300 recording (an electrophysiologic marker of cognitive ability), and neuropsychological tests in patients with whiplash ...
Grände P-O - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Brain stem herniation due to raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is a common cause of mortality in severe bacterial meningitis, but continuous measurements of ICP and the effects of ICP-reducing therapy in these patients have, to our knowledge, not been described. METHODS: During a four-year period, an ICP-monitoring device was ...
Zaidel E - - 2002
A Hebrew adaptation of Gardner and Brownell's (1986) "Right Hemisphere Communication Battery" (HRHCB) was administered to 27 right brain-damaged (RBD) patients, 31 left brain-damaged (LBD) patients, and 21 age-matched normal controls. Both patient groups showed deficits relative to controls and overall there was no difference between the two patient groups. ...
Barkovich A James - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Analysis of specific features in the brain of patients with holoprosencephaly (HPE) may clarify normal and abnormal brain development and help predict outcomes for specific children. We assessed sulcal and gyral patterns of cerebral cortex in patients with HPE and developed a method of grading brain development. ...
Geminiani Giuliano - - 2002
In this study was investigated the influence of direction and position in the performance of a line extension task by patients with unilateral neglect, with the aim of exploring the role of perceptual and premotor factors in this task. Twenty-three right brain damaged patients (14 patients with left unilateral neglect) ...
Hanyu Haruo - - 2002
We investigated blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in white matter lesions of Binswanger's disease (BD) with contrast-enhanced MRI. Three subject groups were studied: 17 patients with BD and periventricular hyperintensities (PVH) on MRI, 10 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular events and with PVH but no dementia, and 14 age-matched control subjects without ...
Feinstein Anthony - - 2002
The relationship between posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined in 282 outpatients at a mean of 53 days after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients were assessed for TBI severity, intrusive and avoidant PTSD-type symptoms, and psychological distress, and were stratified into four comparison groups ...
Kojima Chieko - - 2002
The aim of this study was to confirm the response in patients stimulated at the trigger point (K-point). Since we have already clinically encountered patients with hyperactive bite reflexes who were able to open their mouth and swallow after stimulation of the trigger point, we investigated this response in other ...
Rieger Martina - - 2002
In addition to slowness of information processing, it is often assumed that executive functions are deficient in patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBI). The aim of this study was to investigate a specific executive function, the inhibition of ongoing responses in TBI. Twenty-seven patients with TBI and 27 orthopedic patients ...
Grünewald R A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The relation between complicated early childhood convulsion (ECC) and adult epilepsy is unclear, although a history of complicated ECC is obtainable in half of adults with epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis. It is not known if the ECC is a marker of pre-existing brain damage or is itself harmful ...
Donders J - - 2001
The criterion validity of the new subtests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III; Wechsler, 1997) was evaluated in a sample of 100 patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Letter-Number Sequencing and Symbol Search, but not Matrix Reasoning, yielded statistically significant differences in performance between patients with moderate-severe TBI, ...
Adams J H - - 2001
The objective was to discover the nature of brain damage in survivors of head injury who are left with moderate disability. Macroscopic and microscopic examination was carried out on the brains of 20 persons who had died long after a head injury that had been treated in a neurosurgical unit. ...
Himmelseher S - - 2001
Anaesthetic care of neurosurgical patients increasingly involves management issues that apply not only to 'asleep patients', but also to 'awake and waking-up patients' during and after intracranial operations. On one hand, awake brain surgery poses unique anaesthetic challenges for the provision of awake brain mapping, which requires that a part ...
Benbadis S R SR Department of Neurology, University of South Florida College of Medicine, 4 Columbia Drive, Tampa, FL 33606, USA. - - 2001
Metallic devices generally represent a contra-indication for MRI scanning. Based on laboratory testing, the neuro cybernetic prosthesis (NCP) is labelled MRI compatible when used with a send and receive head coil. However, there are no published clinical data to support the safety of brain MRI in patients with the NCP. ...
Lin J J - - 2001
Recent studies have shown unique clinicoradiologic characteristics in patients with hemiballism-hemichorea (HB-HC) caused by non-ketotic hyperglycemia; however, there is still a limited number of patients being reported. We report 7 patients (3 males and 4 females) with this type of dyskinesia, whose ages ranged from 60 to 84 years. Brain ...
Phillips M D - - 2001
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (EC 1.14.16.1). Affected patients develop elevated plasma and tissue levels of phenylalanine and its related ketoacids. Untreated patients usually exhibit severe mental retardation and poor motor function, with characteristic T2 white matter signal abnormalities ...
Vignola S - - 2001
Regional cerebral blood flow was evaluated by (99m)Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime SPECT in 7 patients (age range, 7--18 y; mean age, 9.1 y) affected with Behçet's disease and signs or symptoms of central nervous system involvement at different times of their clinical history. METHODS: Three patients suffered from seizures, 3 patients were ...
Schneweis S - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Space-occupying brain edema is a life-threatening complication in patients with large hemispheric stroke. Early identification of patients at risk is necessary to decide on invasive therapies such as decompressive hemicraniectomy or hypothermia. To assess potential predictors of malignant brain edema by measurement of intracranial pressure (ICP) and ...
Guilburd J N - - 2001
OBJECT: Patients with acute subdural hematomas (ASDHs) have higher mortality and lower functional recovery rates compared with those of other head-injured patients. Early surgical decompression and active intensive care treatment represent, so far, the best way to assist these patients. Paradoxically, one of the factors contributing to poor outcomes in ...
Luu K K - - 2001
A 46-year-old man, status post liver transplantation and taking immunosuppressive medications, was admitted after suffering a generalized seizure. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed two ring-enhancing lesions and treatment was begun for presumed toxoplasmic encephalitis. He was already receiving amphotericin B for a skin lesion suspected to be caused ...
Garnett M R - - 2001
Following traumatic brain injury, there may be secondary alterations in cerebrovascular parameters leading to ischemia and further cellular damage. To assess possible subacute hemodynamic disturbances following traumatic brain injury, we used conventional and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 18 patients, on average 10 days following injury. Six of the ...
Burke D T - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To test the ability of patients with brain injury to use a patient locator and minder (PLAM) system to assist in their adherence to therapy schedules. PARTICIPANTS: Five patients with acquired brain injury who were inpatients on an acute rehabilitation floor of a rehabilitation hospital. MEASURES: The number of ...
Wolach B - - 2001
OBJECT: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the phagocytic, humoral, and cellular arms of the immune system in comatose patients shortly after severe brain injury and to compare the findings with those reported earlier in patients in a persistent vegetative state. The study was conducted in intensive ...
Hayashi M - - 2001
Xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) and Cockayne syndrome (CS) are hereditary DNA repair disorders complicated by progressive neurodegeneration. Here we immunohistochemically examine the in situ expression of materials that are produced by oxidative stress and glutamate transporters (which can contribute to prevention of glutamate neurotoxicity) in the brains of 5 ...
Martinez M - - 2001
Patients with the Zellweger syndrome and its variants have very low levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the brain, retina, and other tissues. Such a marked DHA deficiency could be related to the pathogenesis of peroxisomal disorders. Therefore, restoring the DHA levels in these patients can probably improve the clinical ...
Goldstein F C - - 2001
This study evaluated the early cognitive and neurobehavioral outcomes of older adults with mild versus moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). Thirty-five patients who were age 50 years and older and sustained mild or moderate TBI were prospectively recruited from acute care hospitals. Patients were administered cognitive and neurobehavioral measures up ...
Bhatoe H S - - 2001
With improvements in the ballistic physics, patient evacuation, imaging, neurosurgical management and intensive care facilities, there has been overall improvement in the survival of patients with missile injuries of the brain. Patients with retained intracranial fragments have been followed up and the sequelae of such fragments were analysed. We present ...
Viñas F C - - 2001
In patients with severe brain injury, brain edema, elevated intracranial pressure, and cerebral ischemia are accountable for a significant morbidity and mortality. New invasive methods of monitoring attempt to foresee the physiopathological mechanisms responsible for the production of secondary brain injuries. The available methods for monitoring severely brain-injured patients, their ...
Garnett M R - - 2001
Experimental studies have reported early reductions in pH, phosphocreatine, and free intracellular magnesium following traumatic brain injury using phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Paradoxically, in clinical studies there is some evidence for an increase in the pH in the subacute stage following traumatic brain injury. We therefore performed phosphorus magnetic resonance ...
Gross P - - 2001
Hyponatremia is a frequent electrolyte disorder. A hyponatremia is called acute severe (<115 mM) when the duration has been <36 to 48 h. Such patients often have advanced symptoms as a result of brain edema. Acute severe hyponatremia is a medical emergency. It should be corrected rapidly to approximately 130 ...
McKnight T R - - 2001
Although proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) has been shown to be effective for localizing tumor in patients with gliomas, it is not a routinely used clinical tool. This is due, in part, to the lack of a standardized, objective method for analyzing spectra. We present an automated technique for ...
Kurokawa Y - - 2001
Seven patients were treated with brain hypothermia following acute major cerebral artery occlusion to utilize the suppressive effect against brain swelling. Five patients had internal carotid and two had proximal middle cerebral artery occlusion. Except for the first two cases, hypothermia was introduced early and the temperature reached 35.0 degrees ...
Tagawa A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Among hereditary leukodystrophies, a considerable number remain unclassified. PATIENTS AND RESULTS: We investigated the clinical course and histopathology of one patient in a family of adult-onset leukodystrophy with possible dominant inheritance. A 44-year-old man presented with cerebellar ataxia as the initial symptom, and later, dementia and hyperreflexia with ankle ...
Matsuda M - - 2001
We performed brain CT and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using N-isopropyl-p-[123I] iodoamphetamine (123I-IMP) as a tracer in the early stage of seven patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). In four of the patients, we determined absolute values of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital ...
Formisano R - - 2001
Active improvised music therapy may offer an adjuvant from of treatment in the early rehabilitation of severe brain-injured patients. Active music therapy consists of musical improvisation between patient and therapist by singing or by playing different musical instruments, according to the vital functions, the neurological conditions and the motor abilities ...
Ertl-Wagner B B - - 2001
There has long been a need for a sensitive and predictive parameter in the evaluation of hydrocephalic patients. Our goal was to assess ventricular response to a Valsalva maneuver as a potential method of studying patients with hydrocephalus. Twenty-five healthy volunteers and 5 patients with communicating hydrocephalus were examined with ...
Cutolo M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate regional cerebral blood flow by (99m)Tc-hexamethylpropylenamineoxime (HMPAO) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in a series of 40 patients (mean age 58.5+/-11.5 yr) affected by systemic sclerosis (SSc) in comparison with age-matched healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects affected by concomitant severe pathologies that might interfere with the interpretation ...
Showalter P E PE Department of Brain Rehabilitation, Good Shepherd Rehabilitation Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103-3296, USA. - - 2000
No medications clearly enhance consciousness or cognition following severe brain injury. This series (n = 13) suggests that lamotrigine may stimulate improvement of patients with impairment equivalent to level I-III on the Rancho Los Amigos Cognitive Scale. After a serendiptious clinical result, severely brain injured patients who were taking an ...
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