Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1442
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Kumar Sunil - - 2010
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder with significant morbidity and impairment of quality of life. Most patients (26%-83%) with IBS from Asia reported bloating. Bloating may result from increased amount or distribution of gas in the gut or exaggerated perception of distension. To evaluate whether patients with IBS ...
Svarta Sigrid S Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2010
Capsule endoscopy (CE) has been shown to produce a high diagnostic yield in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB); however, in those with negative studies, management is controversial. Very few studies have reported on repeat CE in the same patient; data regarding this diagnostic strategy are limited. To determine the ...
Elsenbruch Sigrid - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), pain amplification and hypervigilance might result from altered affective-motivational modulation of the pain response. We investigated the effects of emotional context on the behavioral and neural response to visceral stimuli in IBS patients. METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging ...
Malamut Georgia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The enteropathy associated with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is poorly characterized, and its possible relationships with well-defined causes of enteropathy, such as celiac sprue (CS), remain debated. We aimed to assess the clinical and histopathological features of the enteropathy associated with CVID. METHODS: The medical files of 50 CVID ...
Günther Ute - - 2010
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) are hereditary polyposis syndromes with a high risk for benign small-bowel polyps and cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of small-bowel polyps beyond the duodenum in patients with FAP and PJS and to examine the clinical value ...
Shin Sung Jae - - 2010
Intestinal Behçet's disease (BD) is challenging to diagnose, especially if the patient presents with typical colonoscopic findings of intestinal BD without systemic manifestations of BD. We performed this study to evaluate the systemic manifestations of BD in patients with typical colonoscopic findings of intestinal BD at the time of initial ...
Liao Zhuan - - 2010
AIM: To retrospectively analyze the fields of application, diagnostic yields and findings of OMOM capsule endoscopy in Chinese patients. METHODS: A database including 2400 Chinese patients who received OMOM capsule endoscopy in 27 endoscopy centers in China was retrieved from the Jianshan Science and Technology Ltd. OMOM capsule endoscopy database. ...
Zhang Li - - 2010
The presence of Campylobacter concisus in the saliva of healthy individuals and patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was examined. C. concisus was detected in 97% of the healthy individuals and 100% of the patients with IBD tested. The C. concisus culture positivity rate in younger children was significantly lower ...
Hellman Per - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Midgut carcinoid (MGC) tumors generally develop in the small intestine and in >50% of cases also present with lymph node metastases in the mesentery. The majority of these tumors are surgically resectable, but a fraction are inoperable and may cause obstruction of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV), often associated ...
Pironti A - - 2010
AIM: The clinical evaluation of patients with chronic diarrhea and/or abdominal pain requires a complex work-up. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether routine duodenal biopsy sampling of macroscopically normal mucosa of patients with irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms undergoing upper endoscopy assists in diagnosis and management. METHODS: Consecutive ...
Kubota Akira - - 2011
This study was conducted to evaluate the potential association between intestinal bifidobacteria and Japanese cedar pollinosis (JCPsis) and possible influences of probiotic intervention. In this study, fecal samples were the collected from 29 JCPsis patients. The qualitative and quantitative analyses of fecal bifidobacteria were conducted by quantitative real-time PCR with ...
Souza Wysllenny Nascimento de - - 2010
Valvular disease can course with heart failure (HF), anemia and renal dysfunction (RD), increasing the nutritional risk and worsening patient prognosis. To evaluate the prevalence of anemia and RD in patients with valvulopathy with or without HF, as well as establish a correlation with the nutritional status. A total of ...
Chang Joseph Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare disorder characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Despite the increasing prevalence of eosinophilic GI disorders, the epidemiology of EG has not been well studied. We evaluated the clinical spectrum of EG. METHODS: We reviewed data from patients diagnosed ...
Madrid Ana María - - 2011
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) has been observed in several disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have shown abnormalities of motor function in obese patients, and there is indirect evidence suggesting that SIBO is present in them. To study small intestinal motility and the prevalence of SIBO in obese patients ...
Mulak Agata - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate anorectal function in different subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), including those with mixed bowel habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-six IBS patients selected according to Rome III criteria (39 female and 27 male patients; mean age, 41.5 +/- 15.4) ...
Al-Megrin Wafa A I - - 2010
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among immunocompromised patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Fecal samples were collected from 136 immunocompromised patients (52 females and 84 males), aged 2 to 69 years. Specimens were fixed with 10% formalin for 30 min (2-3 g fecal(-1)) and then ...
Keohane John - - 2010
Do gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in apparent remission reflect the coexistence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or subclinical inflammation? The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to prospectively determine the prevalence of IBS symptoms in IBD patients in remission; and (ii) to determine ...
Tander Burak - - 2010
PURPOSE: Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are regarded as the pacemaker cells of the gastrointestinal tract. There are some well-designed studies investigating the structure and function of ICC subsequent to experimentally induced intestinal obstructions. However, it remains unclear whether reduction of number of ICC primarily leads to mechanical obstruction of ...
Onoda Hideko - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate computed tomography enteroclysis (CTE) of the small intestinal tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 patients underwent CTE for further examination of small intestinal disease. RESULTS: The indications were obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) (n = 16), suspected Crohn's disease (n ...
Salvarani Carlo - - 2010
To describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients with localized vasculitis of the gastrointestinal tract (LVGT). Medical records of 608 patients diagnosed with vasculitis involving the intra-abdominal vasculature and/or abdominal viscera between January 1996 and December 2007 were reviewed. Only patients with histopathological confirmation or typical angiographic findings of ...
Nerbass Fabiana B - - 2010
Adequate dietary phosphorus intake and the use of phosphorus binders are the main tools for treating hyperphosphatemia. Thus, its success depends essentially on the patient's ability to understand and adhere to the dietary plan and the use of phosphate binders. To evaluate hyperphosphatemic patients adherence and knowledge about phosphate control ...
Mensink Peter B F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: It is estimated that 10%-30% of Crohn's disease (CD) patients have small-bowel lesions, but the exact frequency and clinical relevance of these findings are unknown. Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) enables endoscopic visualization of the small bowel. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of DBE for detecting ...
Ganc Ricardo L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a highly prevalent disease. It can evolve to its hepatosplenic form in up to 10% of the cases. The small-bowel lesions developed during the hepatosplenic stage of the disease have not been described in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe, for the first ...
Bhuiyan M R - - 2010
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder encountered in general practice. Although enormous progress in the pathogenesis of IBS has been made, it is still poorly understood. A significant proportion of patients with IBS, report onset of symptoms following an episode of acute gastroenteritis. Aim of the ...
Lee Oh Young - - 2010
Altered motility remains one of the important pathophysiologic factors in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who commonly complain of abdominal pain and stool changes such as diarrhea and constipation. The prevalence of IBS has increased among Asian populations these days. Gastrointestinal (GI) physiology may vary between Asian and Western ...
El-Salhy Magdy - - 2010
General disturbances in gastrointestinal motility have been reported in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The gastrointestinal tract hormones play an important role in regulating gastrointestinal motility. To investigate a possible abnormality in the small intestinal endocrine cells of IBS patients. Included in the study were 41 patients with irritable ...
Soyka Jan D - - 2010
Our objective was to investigate the use of bowel preparation before (18)F-FDG PET/CT to reduce intestinal (18)F-FDG uptake. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with abdominal neoplasias were assigned either to a bowel-preparation group (n = 26) or to a native group (n = 39). (18)F-FDG activity was measured in the small intestine ...
Yarandi Shadi-Sadeghi - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the association of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Iranian patients and examine the prevalence of functional symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract in patients presenting with either IBS, GERD or both. METHODS: Six thousand four hundred and seventy six patients presented to the ...
Günther U - - 2010
Improved endoscopic screening with targeted biopsies might enhance diagnostic yield in celiac disease. Confocal endomicroscopy (CEM) allows high-resolution in vivo histological analysis. We compared the endomicroscopic findings during ongoing endoscopy with the histological findings graded according to the Marsh classification. Twenty-four patients with celiac disease and six patients with celiac ...
Trifan Anca - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Small bowel tumors (SBTs) are rare, accounting for 1-3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Since the introduction of capsule endoscopy (CE), several studies have suggested that their frequency may be substantially higher. The present study is aimed at evaluating the prevalence, clinical presentation, laboratory parameters, endoscopic appearance, and ...
Trifan A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Small bowel tumors (SBTs), either benign or malignant, are rare, accounting for 3-6% of all digestive neoplasms. Videocapsule endoscopy (VCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) have revolutionized the diagnosis and management of patients with small bowel diseases, including SBTs. A novel method using the single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has ...
Kenkare Sonya - - 2010
A patient presented with progressive abdominal distention, discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and constipation. The patient also had congenital macrodactyly of the third, fourth, and fifth digits of the left hand. He [corrected] was diagnosed with macrodactylia fibrolipomatosis with multiple small bowel lipomas and complete small bowel obstruction. Macrodactylia fibrolipomatosis is a ...
Lakatos Peter Laszlo - - 2010
We report on our experience with the Fujinon EN-450 T5 therapeutic double-balloon endoscope (DBE) and compare our findings with the results of earlier capsule endoscopy. Between August 2005 and July 2009, 150 DBE procedures were conducted in 139 consecutive patients (M/F: 67/72, age: 51.1 years, SD: 18.6 years) who presented ...
Kilpatrick L A - - 2010
Alterations in central networks involved in the regulation of arousal, attention, and cognition may be critical for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptom maintenance and exacerbation. Differential sensitivities in these networks may underlie sex differences noted in IBS. The current study examined prepulse inhibition (PPI), a measure of sensorimotor gating, in ...
Yakoob Javed - - 2010
Blastocystis hominis is the most common intestinal parasite in humans. An extensive genetic variability has been described recently in B. hominis isolates. The aim of this study was to analyze genotypes of B. hominis isolates obtained from the healthy individuals and patients with irritable bowel syndrome-diarrhea (IBS-D). The patients with ...
Chey William D - - 2010
There are limited data on the yield of colonoscopy in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study compared the prevalence of structural colonic lesions in patients with suspected non-constipation-predominant IBS and healthy volunteers. We also determined the yield of rectosigmoid biopsies in patients with suspected IBS. This was a ...
Joly Francisca - - 2010
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is observed in Humans after a large resection of gut. Since the remnant colon and its associated microbiota play a major role in the outcome of patients with SBS, we studied the overall qualitative and quantitative microbiota composition of SBS adult patients compared to controls. The ...
Chen Yan - - 2010
A female patient with anemia and hypoalbuminemia was admitted to our hospital due to an over 20-year history of recurrent dizziness, fatigue and ankle edema. She was diagnosed as multiple chronic non-specific ulcer of the small intestine characterized by non-specific histology and persistent gastrointestinal bleeding.
Tokuhara Daisuke - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to determine the safety and usefulness of capsule endoscopy (CE) in pediatric patients. METHODS: We prospectively examined children (aged 10-18 years) with suspected small bowel disease and recorded capsule transit times, findings, and complications. RESULTS: We performed 19 CE examinations in 12 patients ...
Wolters Victorien M - - 2010
Various genes may influence intestinal barrier function, including MAGI2, MYO9B, and PARD3, which are associated with celiac disease. Because direct measurement of intestinal permeability is difficult, antibodies against gliadin (AGA) and Baker's yeast (anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies [ASCA]) can be used as an indirect test. The objective of this study was ...
Zhao J - - 2010
Many studies report a high prevalence of lactose intolerance in patients with functional, gastrointestinal disease. To evaluate the role of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in condition of lactose intolerance and the mechanism by which SIBO may impact lactose tolerance in affected patients. Consecutive out-patients with chronic functional diarrhoea (CFD) ...
Lappinga Paul J - - 2010
CONTEXT: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a common cause of chronic diarrhea and malabsorption. Morphologic changes associated with this condition have not, to our knowledge, been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize the histopathologic changes associated with SIBO by comparing the clinicopathologic features of patients with SIBO (duodenal ...
Caunedo-Alvarez A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the type, frequency, and severity of macroscopic small bowel mucosal injury after chronic NSAID intake as assessed by capsule endoscopy (CE), as well as to correlate the severity of gastroduodenal and intestinal damage in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, endoscopist-blind, controlled trial. Sixteen patients (14F/2M; ...
Deiteren Annemie - - 2010
Postprandial symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have been associated with increased bowel contractility. To compare ileocolonic and colonic responses to feeding in health and IBS. We prospectively analyzed data from separate research trials in 122 IBS patients and 41 healthy volunteers. Ileocolonic transit (ICT) was evaluated before (colonic filling ...
Lee Jae Woong - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) appear to have increased intestinal permeability; it has been suggested that activation of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) receptors is responsible for this alteration. The aims of this study are to evaluate (1) if rectal (large bowel) permeability is increased in IBS-D ...
Jensen Michael Dam - - 2010
AIM: To determine the frequency and clinical impact of incidental findings detected with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-enterography in patients with suspected or known Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: Incidental findings were defined as unexpected lesions outside the small intestine, not previously known or suspected at the time of referral, and not ...
Ketelsen D - - 2011
To describe the main patterns of distribution of gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and their chronological course. Twenty-five adult patients (17 men, 8 women, mean age 47 years) were enrolled from 11/2003 to 11/2007. All patients underwent abdominopelvic CT shortly after onset of GVHD-related symptoms and also at follow up. The ...
Sadik Riadh - - 2010
Motility disturbances are involved in the pathophysiology of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Population-based studies have shown an association between increasing body mass index (BMI) and different gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The aim of this prospective study was to characterize the relationships between symptoms in IBS, GI transit, as a measure ...
Pojda-Wilczek Dorota - - 2010
Significantly increased latency of VEP assessment in various ocular and systemic disorders and discussion of VEP interpretation problems in patients with sudden loss of visual acuity. A retrospective analysis of pattern VEP in 352 patients with suspected retrobulbar optic neuritis and 892 patients with significantly increased (more than three standard ...
Marzilli Mario - - 2010
Evidence is mounting that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) have a number of pleiotropic effects over and above their lipid-lowering properties in patients with cardiovascular disease and heart failure. In addition to lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels, several studies have shown statins to improve survival and reduce ...
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