Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1444
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Molshatzki Noa - - 2010
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with both a risk of adverse vascular outcome and a risk of bleeding. We have tested the hypothesis that in the setting of an acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), CKD is associated with poor outcome and with larger hematoma volume. Methods: We examined the ...
Kato Kota - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has been reported to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have demonstrated that cystatin C is a prognostic biomarker of the risk of death and CVD even in patients without established CKD. METHODS: In ...
Sloand James A - - 2011
Twenty-four-hour urine and dialysate collections provide accepted means to assess adequacy in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Recent publications suggest that creatinine clearance (CrCl) estimated from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations (eCrCl) accurately approximates measured CrCl (mCrCl) derived from 24-hour collections of urine and dialysate and might serve ...
Deger S M - - 2011
To review the target levels of calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), calcium phosphate products (Ca × P) and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) and compare them with the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) recommendations. Three hundred and fifty-seven patients who had ...
Levin-Iaina Nomy - - 2010
Background/Aims: Current consensus supports the notion that proteinuria is a marker of renal disease with prognostic implications. Whereas most chronic kidney disease patients with proteinuria would often require antiproteinuric agents, there are some exceptions. Megaloblastic anemia type 1 (MGA1) is characterized by megaloblastic anemia due to congenital selective vitamin B(12) ...
Tofik Rafid - - 2011
Abstract Background. Proteinuria is the hallmark of glomerular disease and non-selective proteinuria is often associated with progression to renal failure. The predictive value of urine IgG excretion was studied comprehensively in patients with nephrotic syndrome. In the present follow-up study, we examine the predictive value of IgG-uria in patients with ...
Hamza Hala Salah El Din - - 2010
The hemodialysis patients have a wide variety of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities and, in certain instances; hemodialysis itself seems to be a cause of ECG changes and different kinds of dysrhythmias. The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of hemodialysis on QT and corrected QT (QTc) interval and ...
Marenzi Giancarlo - - 2010
Acute hyperglycemia and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) are frequently observed in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and both are associated with an increased mortality rate. We investigated the possible association between acute hyperglycemia and CIN in patients undergoing primary PCI. We prospectively enrolled 780 ...
Chishiki Mina - - 2010
We report a patient who developed Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) 5 years after she presented with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). A 10-year-old Japanese female was identified with proteinuria and hematuria by a school urinary screening. The first renal biopsy showed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with immunofluorescent findings consistent with IgAN. She was ...
van Jaarsveld B C - - 2010
Long-term exposure to hypercalcaemia and hyperphosphataemia leads to media calcification and predicts mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It is debatable whether this exposure is only a risk factor for arteriosclerosis, or also for superimposed atherosclerosis. Calcium-phosphate exposure is difficult to quantify, because it is variable in time ...
Oliveira Claudine Maria Jorge de - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The elderly population is growing and aging in better clinical conditions than in the past. However, the distribution and course of kidney diseases in elderly patients are not well known partially due to reluctance to indicate renal biopsies in those patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution, clinical features, and ...
Martelli Hercílio H Jr Stomatology Clinic, Dental School, State University of Montes Claros, MG, - - 2010
Goldenhar syndrome (GS) is a relatively common developmental disorder characterized by craniofacial anomalies in association with vertebral, cardiac, renal, and central nervous system defects. This paper describes GS features with special emphasis on oral characteristics. The clinical features of 6 patients with GS aged 3 months to 12 years are ...
Mohtat Davoud - - 2011
Renal dysfunction affects 5-18% of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). To date, no studies have described urinary levels of transforming growth factor β-1 (TGF-β1), a marker of fibrosis, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a marker of acute/chronic kidney disease, as biomarkers in identifying patients at risk of developing renal ...
Tsuruta Kazuhisa - - 2011
Thrombomodulin alfa is the recombinant extracellular domain of human thrombomodulin, which shows anticoagulation activity. To elucidate the pharmacokinetics of thrombomodulin alfa in patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), population pharmacokinetic (PPK) analysis was performed using plasma concentration data obtained in phase 1 (20 patients, 348 time points) and phase 2 ...
Hallén Jonas - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To determine the relative prognostic merits of C-reactive protein (CRP), cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) for prediction of all-cause death in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving haemodialysis. Material and methods. This prospective, controlled cohort study included 109 patients. Biomarkers were sampled ...
Alper Arnold B - - 2011
Accurate estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with preeclampsia requires the collection of a 24-hour urine and can have important therapeutic and diagnostic implications. This procedure is often difficult or impossible to accomplish in this patient group. In this study, the Cockcroft-Gault, the Modification of Diet in ...
Naganuma Masaki - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether renal dysfunction affects the outcome of stroke patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). A retrospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted to identify the effects of underlying risk factors on intravenous rt-PA therapy using 0.6 mg/kg alteplase in 10 stroke ...
Diamanti A - - 2010
Some reports highlight the potential application of fecal calprotectin as a direct biomarker of intestinal inflammation and, therefore, as support in choosing candidates for endoscopy. The value of 100 μg/g was recently assumed as the best cutoff for this assay. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic ...
Liu Jun-E - - 2010
Patients with chronic liver disease generally have intestinal flora imbalance that is related to the development and worsening of the disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of probiotic yogurt on intestinal flora of patients with chronic liver disease. A randomized controlled trial, pretest-posttest control group ...
Rodrigues Valério Ladeira - - 2010
The current prevalence of glomerulonephritis in patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis mansoni in Brazil was evaluated. Sixty three patients (mean age 45.5 ± 11 years) attending the outpatient infectious disease clinic of a University Hospital in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2007 to 2009, were consecutively examined and enrolled in the present ...
Mujtaba Syed Hasnain - - 2010
To determine the frequency of patients with underlying renal insufficiency having normal serum creatinine level proceeding for coronary angiography. A total of 693 patients from September 2009 to February 2010 undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography at the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD) with normal serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dl were ...
Carvalho Annelise Barreto - - 2010
To evaluate the frequency and type of cardiovascular (CV) and renal/collecting system (R/CS) abnormalities seen in a sample of patients with Turner Syndrome (TS) and to verify the proportion of those anomalies detected only after diagnosis was established. Retrospective study of 130 patients with TS diagnosed in an outpatient setting ...
Chae Eun Young - - 2010
To describe the clinical and radiologic features of cytomegalovirus (CMV) enterocolitis in apparently immunocompetent hosts. Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study, and informed consent was waived. Twelve apparently immunocompetent patients (7 women and 5 men; mean age, 58 years) with pathologically proven CMV enterocolitis were included. Computed tomographic ...
Enestvedt B K - - 2011
MiraLAX is gaining acceptance as a bowel cleanser for colonoscopy. We hypothesize that MiraLAX/Gatorade is as efficacious for bowel cleansing as Golytely and is more tolerable for patients undergoing screening colonoscopy. To compare bowel preparation scores of MiraLAX/Gatorade vs. Golytely and examine differences in patient tolerability.   Patients undergoing screening ...
Greco Luigi - - 2011
Celiac disease (CD) is characterized by an inflammatory response to wheat gluten, rye, and barley proteins. Fermentation of wheat flour with sourdough lactobacilli and fungal proteases decreases the concentration of gluten. We evaluated the safety of daily administration of baked goods made from this hydrolyzed form of wheat flour to ...
Kerckhoffs Angèle P M - - 2011
Intestinal microbiota may play a role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In this case-control study, mucosa-associated small intestinal and faecal microbiota of IBS patients and healthy subjects were analysed using molecular-based methods. Duodenal mucosal brush and faecal samples were collected from 37 IBS patients and 20 healthy ...
Schreyer A G - - 2011
GVHD is a common complication in patients after allo-SCT. Early detection is important because early therapy may improve the outcome. We evaluated contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in patients with GVHD to assess typical imaging features. CEUS was performed in nine patients with histologically proven GVHD. As a control four healthy volunteers ...
Casciani Emanuele - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to compare the diagnostic yield of MR enterography (MRE) with small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) in paediatric patients with suspected Crohn's disease (CD). Paediatric patients with suspected CD were considered eligible to be enrolled in the study. All patients underwent diagnostic work-up including 1.5-T ...
Unlüer Erden Erol - - 2010
Our objective was to study the accuracy of emergency medicine [(EM) bedside ultrasonography (BUS)] and radiology residents performed ultrasonography (RUS) in patients with suspected mechanical small bowel obstruction (SBO). After a 6-h training program, from January to June 2009, four EM residents used BUS to prospectively evaluate the patients presenting ...
Kapur Raj P - - 2010
X-linked intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a rare disorder caused by mutations in FLNA, the gene encoding the cytoskeletal protein filamin A, has been regarded as a hereditary enteric neuropathy largely on the basis of sparse and incomplete pathologic studies. Diffuse abnormal layering of small intestinal smooth muscle (DAL) is a rare malformation, ...
de Magistris Laura - - 2010
Intestinal permeability (IPT) was investigated in patients with autism as well as in their first-degree relatives to investigate leaky gut hypothesis. Faecal calprotectin (FC) was also measured in patients with autism, either with or without gastrointestinal symptoms, and in their first-degree relatives. IPT results, assessed by means of the lactulose/mannitol ...
Stenerson Matthew - - 2010
The small bowel follow-through (SBFT) is a noninvasive imaging modality for evaluating terminal ileum (TI) inflammation. The accuracy of this modality in pediatric patients is not well established. We retrospectively determined the sensitivity and specificity of SBFT for detecting TI inflammation diagnosed on histology in 93 pediatric patients studied in ...
Assimakopoulos Stelios F - - 2011
Intestinal hyperpermeability has been repeatedly confirmed in patients with obstructive jaundice and is considered a pivotal factor in the development of septic and renal complications in these patients. However, little is known on the mechanism(s) leading to this phenomenon. This study was undertaken to investigate the cellular and subcellular intestinal ...
Vashakidze E - - 2010
It is important to consider that between Jul-October 2009 in the pathologic center of infectious diseases (Tbilisi State Medical University Department of Infectious Diseases) among hospitalized patients with hemorrhagic colitis 25 patients developed HUS syndrome. Most of patients were rural residents 20 (80%), only 5 (20%) were urban. 11 (44%) ...
Feier Diana - - 2010
AIMS. The current study aims to assess the role of ultrasound (US) parameters in explaining the variance of hydronephrosis grades in reno-urinary anomalies, as well as their performance in quantifying the incidence of patients with uropathies. METHODS. In this study 196 patients were prospectively included. All of them had renal/urinary ...
Sidhu Reena - - 2010
Capsule endoscopy has been shown to be useful in diagnosing small bowel Crohn's disease. Faecal lactoferrin has been shown to have a high sensitivity and specificity in discriminating between inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. There have been no studies on the use of faecal lactoferrin in the setting ...
Frieling T - - 2010
Push enteroscopy, balloon-guided, and single- and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) are now well established techniques in gastrointestinal endoscopy for small-bowel imaging and therapy. There are no published prospective studies comparing DBE with spiral enteroscopy and so the aim of the current study was to compare the performance of the two techniques ...
Jang Timothy B - - 2011
Background Plain film radiography (x-ray) is often the initial study in patients with suspected small bowel obstruction (SBO) to expedite patient care. Objective To compare bedside ultrasonography (US) and x-ray for the detection of SBO. Methods This was a prospective study using a convenience sample of patients presenting to the ...
Klooker T K - - 2011
Visceral hypersensitivity to distension is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Cannabinoids are known to decrease somatic pain perception, but their effect on visceral sensitivity in IBS remains unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of the mixed CB(1) /CB(2) receptor agonist ...
Akpınar Mehtap - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) in the patients with diarrhea in our region and to assess the association between diarrhea and bft gene subtypes. The presence of ETBF and bft gene subtypes were investigated in 200 stool samples from patients ...
Salonen Anne - - 2010
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that has been associated with aberrant microbiota. This review focuses on the recent molecular insights generated by analysing the intestinal microbiota in subjects suffering from IBS. Special emphasis is given to studies that compare and contrast the microbiota of healthy subjects ...
Sidhu Reena - - 2010
Findings from capsule endoscopies (CEs) of patients with enteropathy from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be indistinguishable from those with Crohn's disease, making medication history crucial to image interpretation. Undeclared NSAID use has been proposed to cause unexplained peptic ulcers; we investigated whether it is also an issue among patients ...
Jensen Michael Dam - - 2010
Compared to other modalities, capsule endoscopy (CE) has a high diagnostic yield for diagnosing small bowel Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to determine the inter-observer agreement for detection of small bowel CD with predefined diagnostic criteria. Thirty patients with suspected or known CD were included in ...
Surawicz Christina M - - 2010
Diarrhea is a symptom common to a wide variety of gastrointestinal illnesses, and is an important public health challenge in underdeveloped regions of the world. Normal intestinal absorption is a complex process. Recent research offers new insights into normal physiology and pathophysiology. The role of the enteric nervous system and ...
Long Millie D - - 2010
Many patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in clinical remission continue to have symptoms of pain and diarrhea despite minimal or no ongoing inflammation. These patients may be considered to have an overlap of IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBD-IBS). In this month's Journal, a proposal is made that continued ...
Klooker Tamira K - - 2010
Mast cell activation is thought to be involved in visceral hypersensitivity, one of the main characteristics of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). A study was therefore undertaken to investigate the effect of the mast cell stabiliser ketotifen on rectal sensitivity and symptoms in patients with IBS. 60 patients with IBS ...
Gupta Ankur - - 2010
Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the mildest form in the spectrum of hepatic encephalopathy. This cross-sectional study was carried out to elucidate the role of bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine and delayed intestinal transit among patients with MHE. Two-hundred-thirty patients with cirrhosis were screened; 102 patients (44.4%) who met ...
van Noord Désirée - - 2011
Diagnosing chronic gastrointestinal ischemia (CGI) is a challenging problem in clinical practice. Serum markers for CGI would be of great diagnostic value as a non-invasive test method. This study investigated serum markers in patients with well-defined ischemia. Furthermore, intestinal mucosal injury was also evaluated in CGI patients. Consecutive patients suspected ...
El-Salhy Magdy - - 2010
Serum chromogranin A (CgA) levels have been reported to be normal, reduced or elevated in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a possible abnormality in CgA plasma level and in intestinal CgA cell density in IBS patients and to evaluate the outcome ...
Goral Vedat - - 2010
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder. Psychological factors and subtle histopathological changes have been implicated in IBS. In some studies, mast cell infiltration has been determined in colon mucosa of the patients with IBS. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between mast cell ...
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