Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1487
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Herrera-Gonzalez Gerardo - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To assess effectiveness of flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) in patients not with simple but with multiple unilateral renal stones. Patients and Methods: A database analysis was performed to identify patients with multiple unilateral intrarenal stones. Patients were treated using an 8.8F flexible ureteroscope. Patients were considered stone free if ...
Chien Sou-Hsin SH Division of Plastic Surgery, Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Dalin, - - 2011
Microvascular surgery plays a major role in the reconstructive process of limb salvage. However, microsurgery in the patient with renal disease is still considered a high-risk procedure. Some authors have even recommended immediate amputation because of poor long-term survival in patients with renal failure and lower limb ischemia. A retrospective ...
Ulubay G - - 2011
A chronic inflammatory state is a prominent feature in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). "Malnutrition Inflammation Score" (MIS) is a comprehensive scoring system that measures nutrition and inflammation in MHD patients. Inflammation and malnutrition are important risk factors in ESRD patients with pulmonary ...
Krueger Martin Wolfgang - - 2011
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation is increased in patients with end-stage renal disease. Previous studies suggested that extracellular electrolyte alterations caused by hemodialysis (HD) therapy could be proarrhythmic. Multiscale models were used for a consequent analysis of the effects of extracellular ion concentration changes on atrial electrophysiology. Simulations were based ...
Gargah Tahar T G - - 2011
The literature on the clinical effectiveness of treatments for steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is very limited. The available evidence suggests a beneficial effect of cyclosporine on remission rates. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) represents a promising therapeutic alternative without nephrotoxicity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and ...
Yip Boon Chong - - 2011
Background:  There is little data on the prevalence and severity of dyslipidaemia in Asian patients with lupus nephritis (LN). Whether the dyslipidaemia in LN patients differs from that in subjects with comparable levels of renal impairment also remains undefined. Methods:  We studied 100 Chinese patients with quiescent LN (age 46.3 ...
Liu Li-Li - - 2011
To determine whether Th17/Treg balance was abnormal in adult patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS), we studied 25 patients with new-onset MCNS and 20 normal persons. The results showed that MCNS patients exhibited a significant increase in Th17 number, Th17-related cytokines (IL-17 and IL-23), and transcription factor (RORγt) levels, ...
Cioffi Giovanni - - 2011
The hemodynamic alterations induced by the impairment of renal function explain only in part the development of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who are theoretically exposed to an inappropriate high growth of left ventricular mass (iLVM) due to the activation of neuro-hormonal stressors. Few data ...
Mark A Brown - - 2011
Background:  Early identification of true renal disease (GFR < 60mL/min) results in better patient outcomes. There is now routine reporting in Australia of estimated GFR (eGFR) in all patients over age 18 who have serum creatinine measured, calculated by the MDRD formula which was validated in an American Caucasian cohort. ...
Bölke Edwin - - 2011
PURPOSE: : Determination of renal function is a prerequisite for planning therapy in cancer patients. Limitations of creatinine as marker for the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) led to the proposal of cystatin C as a more accurate biomarker especially in mild renal insufficiency or in patients with low muscle mass. ...
Vasconcelos Mariana A - - 2011
This study aimed to identify noninvasive biomarkers of clinically significant nephrouropathies in patients with antenatal renal and/or urinary tract alterations. Spot-urine levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured in 100 patients with antenatal detected nephrouropathies. Patients were divided in idiopathic hydronephrosis (n = 47), ...
Besouw Martine T P - - 2011
Cystinosis is characterized by intralysosomal cystine accumulation, causing end stage renal disease around 10 years of age if not treated with cysteamine. Cystine accumulation in blood vessels might increase atheroma formation or arterial stiffness and therefore increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to investigate the risk for ...
Schiffl Helmut - - 2011
Currently, high-flux hemodialysis is the most common mode of dialysis therapy worldwide. Its steadily increasing use is largely based on the desire to reduce the excessively high morbidity and mortality of end-stage renal disease patients maintained on conventional dialysis (low-flux, mostly cellulosic membranes) by offering better biocompatibility and enhanced removal ...
Xie Ming - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) bound to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 could provide co-stimulatory signals for the activation of T lymphocytes, and these adhesion molecules play key roles in leukocyte adherence and propagation of inflammatory responses. We examined the levels of VLA-4 in the peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Li Ning - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the incidence and effect of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), although AKI may affect outcome. Recently, acute kidney injury network (AKIN) classification has been widely accepted as a consensus definition for AKI. The aim of this study ...
Leoncini G - - 2011
Metabolic syndrome (MS) has recently been shown to be a forerunner of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Microalbuminuria (MA) is associated with both MS and CKD. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the relationship among MA, MS and renal outcome in non-diabetic patients with primary hypertension. A total of 790 hypertensive ...
Tobino K K Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2011
Although many pediatric patients with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) recover spontaneously, disease activity in adult patients often cannot be controlled by treatment. To assess the specific signs not formerly considered to be those of uncontrollable adult HSP patients. Clinical records of 2 adult patients who died during HSP were reviewed and ...
Sekiguchi Naohiro - - 2011
Here, we retrospectively assessed the reversibility of renal impairment and anti-myeloma effect of bortezomib and dexamethasone (BD therapy) for Japanese patients with multiple myeloma showing a serum creatinine level above 2 mg/dl. Improvement of renal impairment was observed in 6 of 7 patients following a median of 2.4 cycles of ...
Raingruber Bonnie - - 2011
Background Patients who have radiological imaging with contrast material are at risk for contrast medium-induced nephropathy, reduced renal function, longer hospitalizations, and renal failure requiring dialysis. Objective To determine whether the Mehran risk scoring tool can be used to predict changes in hospitalized patients who had percutaneous angiography. Methods Data ...
Seksik Philippe - - 2011
Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) is a rare hepatic disorder that may lead to severe portal hypertension. Cases of NRH have been reported in patients receiving thiopurines for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Since azathioprine (AZA) is used more and more frequently as a maintenance treatment in IBD, the risk of NRH ...
Liu Jiung-Hsiun - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to determine whether ankle-brachial index (ABI) predicts the rate of decline of residual renal function (RRF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Previous studies demonstrated the importance of loss of RRF in predicting all-cause risk and cardiovascular mortality in PD patients. It is also ...
Mula-Abed Waad-Allah S - - 2011
There are limited data concerning the assessment of renal function in beta-thalassaemia major, with no study of such involvement in Omani patients. The objective of this study was to establish the pattern of renal glomerular and tubular function using traditional and specific laboratory tests in patients with beta-thalassaemia major. This ...
Sambol Elliot B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Gadolinium (Gd) has been traditionally used as a non-nephrotoxic alternative to iodinated contrast for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. However, its use has been questioned on the basis of reports of nephrotoxicity and its recent association with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), a potentially lethal ...
Tanrikulu Azra Meryem - - 2011
Background: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Aspirin resistance worsens clinical prognosis. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of aspirin resistance in CRF. Methods: Two hundred and forty-five CRF patients (115 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis and 130 patients ...
Krauss T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To compare the impact of unenhanced and contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) for the detection of urinary stones and urinary obstruction in patients with suspected renal colic. METHODS: 95 patients with suspected renal colic underwent a three-phase MDCT for evaluation of the urinary tract. The unenhanced scan and the ...
Filippatos Gerasimos S - - 2011
To determine if the association between hyperuricaemia and poor outcomes in heart failure (HF) varies by chronic kidney disease (CKD). Of the 2645 systolic HF patients in the Beta-Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial with data on baseline serum uric acid, 1422 had hyperuricaemia (uric acid ≥6 mg/dL for women and ...
Loughnan Alice - - 2011
In May 2009 for financial reasons, the epoetin product used for hemoglobin (Hb) maintenance in our renal dialysis unit was changed from epoetin beta to epoetin alfa. Although widely believed that the dosage requirements are the same, we undertook a retrospective analysis to investigate whether the dosage requirements in chronic ...
Meurs-Szojda M M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate how many patients with endometriosis have concomitant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and/or constipation according to the Rome III criteria. Furthermore, the value of an additional gastroenterological consultation with therapeutic advice was evaluated. Patients with proven endometriosis were included in a prospective, single-centre ...
Salvarani Carlo - - 2011
The term "chronic periaortitis" (CP), proposed by Mitchinson in 1984, comprises 3 main entities: idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF), inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAAs), and perianeurysmal retroperitoneal fibrosis (PRF).The presence of constitutional symptoms, high acute-phase reactants, positive autoantibodies, and associated autoimmune diseases suggests a systemic inflammatory process. Histopathologic findings show vasculitis ...
Akl Kamal - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of associated urological and non-urological anomalies as well as the renal outcome in patients with a congenital solitary func-tioning kidney (CSFK). A retrospective review of 30 consecutive cases of CSFK seen at the pediatric renal service at the Jordan University ...
Calò Lorenzo A - - 2011
In end-stage renal disease (ESRD) hyperphosphatemia associates with vascular calcifications and cardiovascular events derived from endothelial dysfunction. In dialysis patients, C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, associates with cardiovascular mortality. Increased PO(4) concentration impairs endothelial integrity via induction of oxidative stress, and sevelamer, a phosphate binder, showed anti-inflammatory effect ...
Zakiyanov Oskar - - 2011
Background: Patients with decreased renal function are characterized by high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality due to complications of premature atherosclerosis. Placental growth factor (PlGF) is a proatherogenic cytokine and new biomarker of cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to determine PlGF levels and describe their relationship to renal ...
Tovoli F F Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Università di Bologna, Bologna, - - 2011
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare, threatening disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and organ dysfunction, e.g., neurological impairment and renal insufficiency. We describe a patient with neurological impairment mimicking a meningoencephalitis in whom a thorough clinical evaluation along with appropriate laboratory tests led us to identify an underlying ...
Carrasco-Sánchez Francisco Javier - - 2011
Cystatin C has emerged as a new biomarker of renal function that has been found to predict adverse cardiovascular outcomes, especially heart failure (HF). Evidence of the usefulness of cystatin C in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) remains sparse. It is hypothesized that serum cystatin C ...
Minville Vincent - - 2011
The aim of this study, performed in an intensive care unit (ICU) population with a normal serum creatinine, was to estimate urinary creatinine clearance (CLCR) in a population of polytrauma patients (PT) through a comparison with a population of non trauma patients (NPT). This was a retrospective, observational study in ...
Ghani Amal Abdel - - 2011
To determine whether contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) post coronary angio-graphy procedure can be prevented in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients by continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH), we evaluated 98 CKD patients [52 (53.1%) were males, the mean age was 60.7 ± 11.0 years] who underwent coronary angiography from January 2004 to ...
Caruso Marco - - 2011
Aim To compare the incidence, and risk factors, in-hospital and at the 18-month prognosis of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) according to the definition utilized: as an increase in serum creatinine (Scr) ≥0.5 mg/dL (CIN 1) or as an increase in Scr ≥25% above baseline values (CIN 2). Methods and Results We ...
Al-wakeel Jamal - - 2011
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-established modality for treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease, giving excellent patient and technique survival rates. In Saudi Arabia, data collected by the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation showed that in 2008, patients on PD accounted for a mere 4.8% of total patients on ...
Dilaveris Polychronis - - 2011
Increased vascular calcification and tortuosity are rather common in end-stage renal failure patients who are on hemodialysis. It renders manipulation of catheters and performance of percutaneous transluminal interventions more difficult than expected. Such vascular alterations may be evident in large veins and pose significant difficulties in placement of pacing leads ...
Rifkin Stephen I - - 2011
Lactic acidosis is a rare and often lethal complication of metformin therapy. We describe a patient who ingested at least 52 g, and possibly more, of metformin and presented with severe lactic acidosis and acute renal failure. He was treated with prolonged hemodialysis: a 3.5 h treatment that did not ...
Miftari Ramë - - 2011
There are lots of factors which cause the dilatation of one or both ureteres. Congenital absence of ureterovesical junction was reported as very rare cause of megaureter. Early detection of congenital absence of normal ureterovesical junction offers utilities for reconstruction and prevents the complications such as megaureter and vesicoureteral reflux. ...
Koga Seiji - - 2011
Although chronic kidney disease is associated with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease, the relationship between coronary artery spasm and renal dysfunction has not been elucidated. We evaluated 139 patients with chest pain at rest who had no significant organic stenosis on coronary angiograms and who underwent coronary spasm provocation ...
Abdu A - - 2011
Background/Objective : The life expectancy of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) has improved with modern medical care, and this has led to frequent observation of various chronic complications of the disease including abnormalities in renal function. Proteinuria is not only a marker of renal disease but is also a ...
Kato Kota - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has been reported to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have demonstrated that cystatin C is a prognostic biomarker of the risk of death and CVD even in patients without established CKD. METHODS: In ...
Molshatzki Noa - - 2010
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with both a risk of adverse vascular outcome and a risk of bleeding. We have tested the hypothesis that in the setting of an acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), CKD is associated with poor outcome and with larger hematoma volume. Methods: We examined the ...
Sloand James A - - 2011
Twenty-four-hour urine and dialysate collections provide accepted means to assess adequacy in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Recent publications suggest that creatinine clearance (CrCl) estimated from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations (eCrCl) accurately approximates measured CrCl (mCrCl) derived from 24-hour collections of urine and dialysate and might serve ...
Deger S M - - 2011
To review the target levels of calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), calcium phosphate products (Ca × P) and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) and compare them with the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) recommendations. Three hundred and fifty-seven patients who had ...
Levin-Iaina Nomy - - 2010
Background/Aims: Current consensus supports the notion that proteinuria is a marker of renal disease with prognostic implications. Whereas most chronic kidney disease patients with proteinuria would often require antiproteinuric agents, there are some exceptions. Megaloblastic anemia type 1 (MGA1) is characterized by megaloblastic anemia due to congenital selective vitamin B(12) ...
Tofik Rafid - - 2011
Abstract Background. Proteinuria is the hallmark of glomerular disease and non-selective proteinuria is often associated with progression to renal failure. The predictive value of urine IgG excretion was studied comprehensively in patients with nephrotic syndrome. In the present follow-up study, we examine the predictive value of IgG-uria in patients with ...
van Jaarsveld B C - - 2010
Long-term exposure to hypercalcaemia and hyperphosphataemia leads to media calcification and predicts mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It is debatable whether this exposure is only a risk factor for arteriosclerosis, or also for superimposed atherosclerosis. Calcium-phosphate exposure is difficult to quantify, because it is variable in time ...
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