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Lam Sum - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke occurrence, severity, recurrence and mortality. Anticoagulation therapy for the prevention of thromboembolism is critical in patients with AF who are at risk for stroke. Warfarin has been an efficacious anticoagulant for this purpose, but its use has been limited ...
Yi Seong S Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Sedaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, - - 2013
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is defined as a formation of bone outside the skeletal system. The reported HO occurrence rate in cervical artificial disc replacement (ADR) is unexpectedly high and is known to vary. However, the predisposing factors for HO in cervical ADR have not yet been elucidated. Investigation of the ...
Onishi Hidetomo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Forsythia detaching factor (FDF) is a virulence factor of Tannerella forsythia detected as a mixture of the 60-kDa form of FDF and the 28-kDa C-terminal fragment (FDFc). The objective of the present study was to clarify the proteolytic activity of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from patients with periodontitis and ...
Hadhri Samira - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. We assessed the role of a large panel of acquired and inherited thrombophilic markers in cases of AVF thrombosis among 101 Tunisians on chronic hemodialysis, all with native AVF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this ...
Bonatti Matteo - - 2013
To analyse the prevalence of blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVIs) in multi-trauma patients by means of a post-contrast acquisition of neck vessels included into the whole-body multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) protocol performed at admission and to correlate it with the presence of risk factors (Memphis approach). A retrospective study was undertaken ...
Ma Yan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors for hydronephrosis in patients with neurogenic bladder caused by spina bifida. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 120 patients with hydronephrosis between January 2005 and 2012 was conducted. The patients were evaluated for the following factors: age, sex, voiding symptoms, experience of using clean intermittent ...
Violi Francesco - - 2013
Hyperfibrinolysis may be detected in patients with cirrhosis, particularly in case of severe liver failure. Hyperfibrinolysis is usually associated with prolonged global tests of clotting activation, which are then dependent on impaired synthesis of clotting factors by liver cells. The term "coagulopathy" has therefore been coined to indicate the existence ...
Kropf Leandro Lemgruber - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the presence of arthropathy in the large peripheral joints most commonly affected in acromegaly and to classify the severity according to the functional assessment of each joint to identify any factor that could predict the development of arthropathy and its level of severity. Seventy-one acromegalic ...
de Lima Silvia Maia Alves - - 2013
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a form of renal replacement therapy used in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). It is based on using the peritoneum as a semipermeable membrane through which ultrafiltration (UF) and diffusion occur. Despite several benefits, PD has long-term complications, including inflammation, neoangiogenesis and fibrosis. Several ...
Duncan Elizabeth M - - 2013
In recent years, there has been greater awareness among hemostasis scientists and clinicians that factor VIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C) measured in certain patients with mild hemophilia A can show different results depending on the assay system. A subgroup of mild hemophilia families have a method-related discrepancy in FVIII:C results, whereby ...
Zhu Huilan - - 2013
Background: Recently released studies indicate that activation of blood coagulation may be involved in causing urticaria. Objective: To evaluate whether or not anticoagulation, fibrinolysis and the complement system are also involved in the pathogenesis of urticaria. Methods: Coagulant factors, anticoagulant factors, fibrinolytic markers and complement components were analysed in patients ...
Franco David - - 2013
Brodifacoum poisoning occurs as a result of ingestion of rodenticide compounds. It acts as a superwarfarin, inhibiting vitamin K epoxide reductase, in an irreversible fashion much like warfarin but with a much longer half-life. A 48-year-old female patient reported 4 days of mild dyspnea, dry cough, bilateral popliteal fossae pain ...
Hus Iwona - - 2013
The pathogenesis of Buerger' disease (thrombangiitis obliterans; TAO) remains unknown, although a strong association with tobacco use has been established. Blood coagulation and fibrinolytic factors as well as selected clinical chemistry parameters have been evaluated in 37 patients with Buerger's disease. Median levels of prothrombotic factors were higher in patients ...
Cecchi Emanuele - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is characterized by transient hypokinesis of the left ventricular apex or midventricular segments with coronary arteries without significant stenosis. It is often associated with emotional or physical stress; however, its pathophysiology is still unclear. In the present study, we analyzed the alterations in blood viscosity and markers ...
Takikawa Yasuhiro - - 2013
AIM: In order to determine the most reliable reporting style for prothrombin time (PT) in patients with liver disease, we examined the correlations between the plasma antigen levels of clotting factors and the PT activity percent or two international normalized ratios (INR), and compared the inter-reagent variation among these PT ...
Salmela Birgitta B Coagulation Disorders, Department of Hematology, HUSLAB Laboratory Services, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, - - 2013
The role of thrombophilia in failing arteriovenous fistula (AVF) among patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis is not established. This study aimed to assess whether AVF primary patency is associated with thrombophilia and coagulation abnormalities. This observational study screened 219 patients between 2002 and 2004 for thrombophilia before AVF surgery. Thrombophilia ...
Pai Navin - - 2013
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in children is more often associated with underlying pathological conditions than with hereditary thrombophilia. The present study is a retrospective analysis of thrombophilia in 285 pediatric patients with venous thrombosis at different sites. Four common thrombophilia markers, that is protein C, protein S, antithrombin III, and ...
Conrad Julian J Department of Neurology, University of Münster, - - 2013
Epileptic seizures are well known sequelae of patients with stroke but only little is known about the different risk factors and about the influence of the different types of stroke including sinus thrombosis and bleedings on developing such seizures. Further, the association of post-stroke seizures and conventional vascular risk factors ...
Budner Margareta - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In mice, biotin deficiency is one of the most potent clefting factors. Increased 3-hydroxyisovalerylcarnitine (C5OH) is regarded as a biomarker of biotin deficiency. This retrospective study was undertaken to determine whether increased C5OH in newborns is associated with orofacial clefts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy newborns with non-syndromic cleft lip ...
Ng Christopher - - 2013
An 11-year-old male with hemophilia A and a known high-titer Factor VIII inhibitor was admitted with retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The patient was receiving infusions of recombinant activated Factor VII (rFVIIa) for a recent elbow hemorrhage when retroperitoneal bleeding commenced. Despite increased dosing of rFVIIa and a dose of activated prothrombin complex ...
Hoerster Robert - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Aqueous flare as determined by laser flare photometry in the anterior chamber is a strong preoperative predictor for proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) in patients with primary retinal detachment (RD). We analysed various cytokines in aqueous humour samples in relation to aqueous flare and postoperative PVR incidence in patients with RD. ...
Ma Guibo - - 2013
The frequent serious bleeding and thrombotic complications in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are major causes of early mortality, but the complex mechanisms causing the bleeding have not been completely elucidated. Because microparticles (MPs) are known to be elevated in thromboembolic disorders, we hypothesized a role for MPs in the pathogenesis ...
Tong Zhihui - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for acute cholecystitis (AC) in the late phase of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS: A review of patients with SAP from January 2008 to December 2009 was performed. Clinical characteristics were compared between patients with AC in the late ...
Nakayama Masaru - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is an important hormone in the regulation of phosphate metabolism. It is unclear whether FGF23 is associated with carotid artery calcification (CAAC) in predialysis patients. The present study aimed to clarify the relationship between FGF23 and CAAC in patients with chronic kidney disease ...
Le Boedec Marion - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Clinical joint examination (CJE) is less time-consuming than ultrasound (US) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Low concordance between CJE and US would indicate that the 2 tests provide different types of information. Knowledge of factors associated with CJE/US concordance would help to select patients and joints for US. Our objective ...
Raut Tushar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is one of the most common complications of tuberculous meningitis. The present study evaluated the incidence, predictive factors and impact of hydrocephalus on overall prognosis of tuberculous meningitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. Eighty patients, fulfilling the inclusion criteria of tuberculous meningitis, were included. ...
Sawlani Kamal Kumar - - 2013
It has been recognised for some time that many disorders such as vascular malformations, hypertension, collagen vascular diseases, tumours, eclampsia, central nervous system infection, bacterial endocarditis and blood dyscrasias can cause non-traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage in young adults. Factor XIII deficiency is a rare cause of intracranial bleed. The impressive clinical ...
Pongratz Georg - - 2013
To determine if B cell activating factor of the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF) acts as an acute phase reactant and predicts severity of acute pancreatitis. 40 patients with acute pancreatitis were included in this single center cohort pilot study. Whole blood and serum was analyzed on day of admission ...
Wada Takeshi - - 2013
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are characterized by a disruption of the endothelium and alveolar epithelial barriers involving increased microvascular permeability, thus resulting in the set of protein-rich pulmonary edema. Angiogenic factors and their receptors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF-receptor (VEGFR) and the ...
Quigley Charmian A - - 2013
Many patients with childhood-onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency do not fulfill diagnostic criteria for GH deficiency (GHD) after attainment of adult height and may not require long-term GH treatment. Patients with history of idiopathic GHD (IGHD) pose the greatest management dilemma, as data regarding factors predictive of persistent GHD in ...
Araf Shamzah - - 2013
An elderly woman presented with extensive bruising and a haemorrhagic stroke. Initial investigations revealed an abnormal clotting screen with a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time. Further investigations revealed this to be due to antibodies that the patient had developed against clotting factor VIII also known as acquired haemophilia A.
Chung Seung Joon - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may result in growth impairment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the growth during 5 yr after HSCT and to determine factors that influence final adult height (FAH). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of acute myeloid leukemia ...
Kim Seong Joon - - 2013
In 2009, the first outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) or herpangina (HP) caused by enterovirus 71 occurred in the Republic of Korea. This study inquired into risk factors associated with complications of HFMD or HP. A retrospective medical records review was conducted on HFMD or HP patients ...
Chung Chi-Li - - 2013
To investigate the relationship among angiogenic cytokines, fibrinolytic activity and effusion size in parapneumonic effusion (PPE) and their clinical importance. From January 2008 through December 2010, 26 uncomplicated (UPPE) and 38 complicated (CPPE) PPE were studied. Based on chest ultrasonography, there were non-loculated in 30, uni-loculated in 12, and multi-loculated ...
Lasek-Bal Anetta - - 2013
Hemostasis is affected by interactions between physiological processes, including those connected with the coagulation system, whose essence is converting fibrinogen into fibrin. The role of factor VIII (FVIII) consists in activating factor X, which directly participates in the generation of thrombin, which is able to produce stable fibrin, which in ...
Feng Jing - - 2013
This study investigates the differential aqueous concentrations of interleukin 6, 8, 1β (IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, respectively), serum amyloid A (SAA), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in eyes with macular edema as a result of a branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) ...
Mokuda Sho - - 2013
Factor XIII is one of the twelve coagulation factors and also known as a fibrin-stabilizing factor. In 2012, we encountered a male RA patient with hemorrhagic factor XIII deficiency who had been treated with tocilizumab for two years. There are few reports regarding the relationship between tocilizumab (a humanized monoclonal ...
Kalmady Sunil Vasu - - 2013
Neurodevelopmental aberrations influenced by neurotrophic factors are among the important paradigms to understand schizophrenia pathogenesis. Among various neurotrophic factors, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) is strongly implicated by previous research studies. Evaluating co-morbidity free, antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenia patients for BDNF levels and examining the correlates of this factor with symptoms might facilitate ...
Karu Inga - - 2013
Background. Vascular endothelial growth factors are important mediators for neovascularization of chronically ischemic adult heart, but their elevated values have also been connected with acute ischemia. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with activation of inflammatory processes. We aimed to clarify whether the latter is also accompanied with acute ...
Wróbel Tomasz - - 2013
Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are important in the proliferation and survival of the malignant hematopoietic neoplasms, including non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) play an important role in the initiation of angiogenesis. Both VEGF and bFGF have been reported to have prognostic significance ...
Yamanaka Atsushi - - 2013
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a severe form of dengue fever (DF). Recent in vitro studies indicate that complement reduces the infection-enhancing activity of dengue antibodies, suggesting its in vivo role in controlling viremia levels and disease severity. In this study, the complement hemolytic activity (CH50) and levels of complement ...
Manafi Rasi Alireza A Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, IR - - 2013
There is controversy regarding routine prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients treated via a short leg cast or splint following lower extremity trauma. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of DVT and need for chemoprophylaxis in these patients. Patients with ankle sprains or ...
Madziarska Katarzyna K Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2013
Introduction: The aim was to identify factors carrying an ominous prognosis in a cohort of diabetic patients (pts) on a hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) program. Materials and methods: We analyzed survival rates of 61 diabetic dialysis pts (35 HD/26 PD). The participants were matched in baseline characteristics, standard ...
Lasek-Bal Anetta A Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Clinical Hospital No 7, Medical University of Silesia, Professor Leszek Giec Upper Silesian Medical Centre, Katowice, - - 2013
Patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm are considered to be factors conducive to the occurrence of stroke and transient ischaemic attacks. However, there is no clear answer to the question whether patent foramen ovale is an independent risk factor for stroke and what the mechanism of potential cerebral ischaemia ...
Giacchino Maria M Gastroenterology Unit, Departments of "Internal Medicine, University of Genoa (Maria Giacchino, Vincenzo Savarino), Genoa, - - 2013
Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and functional heartburn (FH) are two different clinical entities and the clear distinction between the two forms is actually possible thanks to the use of impedance-pH monitoring. NERD is the more common manifestation of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), one of the most widespread chronic gastrointestinal disorders ...
Więcek Sabina S Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, - - 2013
Liver changes observed in the course of cystic fibrosis comprise a group of complex processes of fibrosis, inflammation, remodelling, apoptosis and cholestasis as a result of abnormal functioning of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, immunological reactions and response to oxidation stress. Liver lesions are only observed in ...
Naderi M M Genetic Researcher Center in Non-Communicable Disease, Zahedan University of Medical - - 2013
Factor XIII or "fibrin-stabilizing factor," is a transglutaminase circulates in the blood circulation as a hetero tetramer with two catalytic A subunits and two carrier B subunits. This important coagulation factor has a crucial role in clotting cascade and produces strong covalent bonds between soluble formed fibrin monomers during coagulation. ...
Janning M M Priv.-Doz. Dr. med. Florian Langer, II. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Hubertus Wald Tumorzentrum - Universitäres Cancer Center Hamburg (UCCH), Universitätsklinikum Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany, Tel. +49/(0)40/741 05 24 53, Fax +49/(0)40/741 05 51 93, E-mail: - - 2013
Acquired factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is associated with reduced clot firmness and increased bleeding in patients undergoing major surgery. In contrast, only limited information is available on the haemostatic relevance of acquired FXIII deficiency in non-surgical patients. An 81-year-old patient, who had experienced acute type-A dissection of the aorta eight ...
Oeda Tomoko T Clinical Research Center and Department of Neurology, National Hospital of Utano, National Hospital Organization, Kyoto City, Kyoto, - - 2013
Abnormal posture (AP) is often seen in Parkinson's disease (PD), and marked forms known as dropped head syndrome and camptocormia encumber daily living activities. Unlike other motor disabilities such as bradykinesia or muscular rigidity, AP is not always improved but rather deteriorated by PD medication. To clarify factors associated with ...
Corey Kathleen E KE Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease worldwide and its progressive form, steatohepatitis, will be the leading indication for liver transplant by 2020. While risk factors for steatohepatitis have been identified, little work has been performed to identify factors protective against NAFLD development. This ...
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