Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1442
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Li Feng - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retention of the video capsule is the most significant complication associated with capsule endoscopy (CE). There are limited data on incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of capsule retention. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the incidence of capsule retention and to investigate the causes and clinical outcomes of capsule retention. ...
Spetalen Signe - - 2008
Our aim was to study autonomic function in patients with Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) without constipation and psychiatric comorbidity. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) (representing cardiac vagal activity), skin conductance (representing sympathetic activity) and heart rate were measured at baseline and as a response to emotional stress and rectal discomfort in ...
Kuo Han-Yueh - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Blastocystis hominis is an intestinal protozoan. The pathogenic role of this organism in human beings is still controversial and has varied among reports from different geographic areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical significance of B. hominis in northern Taiwan. METHODS: A total ...
Ripollés Tomás - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of sonography to detect changes in patients undergoing treatment for Crohn's disease and whether these findings are related to the patient's long-term outcome. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with Crohn's disease were examined prospectively using gray-scale and color Doppler sonography before and during treatment. Three sonographic examinations ...
Lidén M - - 2008
Patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) are reported to have a variety of gastrointestinal symptoms partly attributed to an overrepresentation of celiac disease. We have observed that irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms are frequent complaints in this patient group. Allergic manifestations to various drugs are also common in pSS. A ...
da Silva Kotze Lorete Maria - - 2008
Low concentration of mannan-binding lectin (MBL) has been related to unexplained spontaneous abortion (SA), which has also been observed in an increased frequency in patients with celiac disease (CD). In this study, plasma levels of MBL were determined in patients with CD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in order to ...
Parodi Andrea - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To better understand the role of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in rosacea, we aimed to assess the presence of SIBO in patients with rosacea and the clinical effectiveness of its eradication. METHODS: We enrolled 113 consecutive rosacea ambulatory patients (31 M/82 F; mean age, 52 +/- ...
Carrara M - - 2008
Recent investigations in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) undergoing a breath test (BT) with lactulose, have shown inconclusive results on a possible association between IBS and a small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), as well as on the effective prevalence of SIBO in IBS patients, because of different geographic areas ...
Li Bo - - 2008
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and optimal treatment modalities of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in the small and large intestine. Forty patients with primary NHL in the small and large intestine were studied retrospectively. All cases were reclassified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoma in 2001. ...
Parodi Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: After the skin, the gastrointestinal tract is the second most common target of systemic sclerosis (SSc). AIM: Our aims were to investigate orocecal transit time (OCTT) and the presence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in SSc as a cause of intestinal symptoms. METHODS: Fifty-five SSc patients and 60 ...
Cave David R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Video capsule endoscopy has been shown to be the single most effective endoscopic procedure for identifying the source of obscure GI bleeding (OGIB). OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to report on the Food and Drug Administration pivotal trial in which the Endocapsule (EC) (Olympus America, Allentown, Pa) was compared with ...
Rana S V - - 2008
AIM: The mechanisms responsible for bowel disturbances in celiac disease are still unknown. Small bowel motor abnormalities may be involved in this pathological condition; however, there is no study addressing small bowel transit in patients of celiac disease from Northern India. METHOD: The mouth-to-cecum transit time was studied in 80 ...
Bratten Jason R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Recent reports suggest that abnormalities of lactulose breath testing (LBT) are common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), although the criteria for abnormal studies are poorly validated, and controlled comparisons are limited. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal LBT using the previously ...
Park Jung Ho - - 2008
AIMS: Our aim was to investigate whether the dynamic and static compliances differ between patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and normal subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five IBS patients (age range 20-65 years, mean age 39.0 years, 28 women and 27 men; 36 diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-D) patients and 19 constipation-predominant ...
Herrerias Juan M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy (CE) of the small bowel has become a standard diagnostic tool, but there have been concerns regarding the risk of capsule retention in certain high-risk groups. The Agile patency system, an ingestible and dissolvable capsule with an external scanner, was developed to allow physicians to perform CE ...
Postgate Aymer Jonathan - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The patency capsule may prevent capsule retention in high-risk patients. However data on its use in routine clinical practice is limited. METHODS: Patients referred to our institution between Feb-04 and Jan-07 were reviewed. The following data was collected: presenting symptoms; medical/surgical history; medication; radiology; patency/video capsule result; subsequent investigations; ...
Eriksson N K - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Intestinal metaplasia, especially type III intestinal metaplasia is considered to be a precursor of gastric cancer and because of this it is suggested that these patients should be followed up by gastroscopy. Our aim was to find out the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia and its subtypes, ...
Malamut G - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While severe villous atrophy (SVA) is the most typical histological feature in adult celiac disease (ACD), partial villous atrophy (PVA) is now also frequently found. So far, the impact of the severity of villous atrophy on the clinical presentation of ACD has been scarcely investigated. We aimed ...
Hendel Jakob W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) made the small bowel accessible to inspection and therapy in its entirety. However, DBE is a time-consuming procedure that requires a highly skilled endoscopist, several nurses and--more often than not--anesthesiological support. This makes the selection of patients for DBE a pivotal point. The mainstay of this ...
Zimmerman Joseph - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nonerosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (NERD) patients frequently show features of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and intensity of bowel symptoms and their relationship to esophageal acid exposure in NERD patients. METHODS: Bowel and reflux symptoms and IBS status were assessed in NERD patients (normal ...
Shah Nilam M - - 2008
Factor X deficiency is a rare coagulation defect. There are occasional reports of factor X deficiency from India. Difficulty in accurate diagnosis and non-availability of ideal treatment is discussed. Eight cases of factor X deficiency, diagnosed from 1992 to 2007 are reported here Seven were male while one was female. ...
Calabrese C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic refractory pouchitis is a long-term complication after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and it may be associated with ileal inflammation. AIM: To determine the efficacy of infliximab in treatment of chronic refractory pouchitis complicated by ileitis, using a wireless capsule endoscopy. METHODS: Sixteen patients with chronic refractory pouchitis complicated by ...
Ross Andrew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small bowel mass lesions (SBML) are a relatively common cause of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). Their detection has been limited by the inability to endoscopically examine the entire small intestine. This has changed with the introduction of capsule endoscopy (CE) and double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) into clinical practice. STUDY ...
Kessler Jonathan M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of retrograde ileostomy radiographic examination for detecting small-bowel abnormalities in patients with ileostomies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our database contained the records of 35 patients who had undergone retrograde ileostomy examinations from 1999-2005 and fulfilled our inclusion criteria. The images ...
Mattsson Tomas - - 2008
GOAL: To clarify whether disturbances in the autonomic nervous system, reflected in abnormal cardiovascular reflexes, could explain symptoms of impaired heat regulation in patients with intestinal pseudo-obstruction. BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a clinical syndrome characterized by diffuse, unspecific gastrointestinal symptoms due to damage to the enteric nervous system or ...
Swaminath Arun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intestinal stenosis is a frequent complication of Crohn's disease, often leading to repeated bowel obstruction and surgery. The prevalence of small bowel stenosis has ranged from 20% to 40% and from 7% to 15% in patients with colonic disease. Although balloon dilation is the initial preferred approach, many patients ...
Worthington J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A new 2 L polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution containing ascorbic acid (Asc) and electrolytes (Moviprep) has been developed for bowel cleansing. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of PEG + Asc versus sodium picosulphate + magnesium citrate in patients scheduled to undergo colonoscopy. DESIGN AND METHODS: This ...
Wang Anjiang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest considerable overlap between functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). To date, no surveys have been performed to investigate the clinical overlap between these two disorders using Rome III criteria. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for the overlap of FD ...
Mariani A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO) syndromes that occur after radiotherapy or chemotherapy (or both) for gynecologic cancer. METHODS: All 48 patients in the study population had a history of gynecologic cancer, treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy (or both), and suspected chronic IPO. The final diagnosis was based on ...
Furga?a Agata - - 2008
Explanation of the main causes of symptoms and dysfunctions in the FGIDs is focused on visceral hypersensitivity. Sympathetic stimulation increases sensitivity of visceral receptors. Thus overall influences of the autonomic nervous system are important not only in regulation of secretion and motility of the gastrointestinal tract but also in visceral ...
Higaki Naoyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and capsule endoscopy have opened up a new field of investigation regarding the small intestine. Although DBE has been widely used for diagnosis and treatment of different lesions in the small intestine, there is a paucity of information regarding endoscopic features of the small intestine in ...
Fry Lucia C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Occasionally, patients with malabsorption represent a diagnostic challenge. Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) allows deep and detailed examination of the small bowel. AIM: To determine the diagnostic value of DBE in patients with malabsorption of unclear origin. METHODS: DBE was performed in a total of 12 patients with clinical malabsorption. Biopsy ...
Lakatos Peter Laszlo - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to report our experience with the Fujinon EN-450 T5 therapeutic double-balloon endoscope (DBE) in the diagnosis of small bowel diseases. METHODOLOGY: Between August 2005 and October 2006, 52 DBE procedures were conducted on 47 consecutive patients (M/F: 22/25, age: 51.6 SD 19.5 years) presenting at our ...
Tobin Mary C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mast cells have a primary role in atopy. Mast cells may play a unique role in a subgroup of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This observation suggests a link between atopic disorders and IBS. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between atopic disorders and IBS. METHODS: ...
Sugaya Nagisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between subtypes of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and severity of symptoms associated with panic disorder (PD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 178 consecutive new PD outpatients. Sixty-four patients met the Rome-II criteria for IBS (IBS[+]; 29 diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBSD), 14 constipation-predominant IBS (IBSC), 21 ...
Tsai Hung-Chin HC Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. ; Graduate Institute of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2008
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a multifunctional cytokine that has well-defined mitogenic, motogenic, and morphogenic functions on the epithelial cells. Strong increases of HGF concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are only present in patients with acute bacterial meningitis. We report a 15-year-old young man with drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis ...
Esposito I - - 2007
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) among patients with an earlier diagnosis of irritable bowel disease (IBS) in our geographical area, and to collect information on the use of locally acting non-absorbable antibiotics in the management of SIBO. METHODS: A non-interventional study was conducted in ...
Wang Shen-Hao - - 2007
AIM: To investigate if there are changes in serotonin (5-HT) levels, enterochromaffin (EC) cells and mast cells in small intestinal mucosa of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Diarrhea-predominant (IBS-D, n = 20), or constipation-predominant (IBS-C, n = 18) IBS patients and healthy controls (n = 20) underwent colonoscopy ...
Bellutti M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize yellow (or whitish) plaques of the small bowel that were found during double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) performed for small-bowel evaluation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were being evaluated for small-bowel pathology at our institution (for a variety of indications) ...
Croagh Catherine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) in the diet should, by virtue of their osmotic effects, increase fecal output following colectomy and ileal pouch formation or ileorectal anastomosis (IRA). The aim was to perform a proof-of-concept evaluation of this hypothesis. METHODS: Fifteen patients (13 pouch, 2 IRA) had dietary and ...
Pini Prato Alessio - - 2008
Severe chronic diarrhoea secondary to enterocolitis is a severe complication of Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). Persistent outlet obstruction, immunologic issues, and mucin/mucous imbalance can cooperate in the development of this complication. Furthermore, isolated reports described severe postoperative chronic diarrhoea mimicking enterocolitis in patients with sucrase-isomaltase deficiency, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or ...
Seiderer Julia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Small-bowel manifestations are common complications in Crohn's disease (CD) but can often be underestimated because of diagnostic limitations. Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is a new endoscopic method that provides complete visualization and biopsy sampling of the small bowel with potential implications for diagnosis and therapy. The purpose of this study ...
Sachdev Mankanwal S - - 2007
Capsule retention is a rare but serious complication of capsule endoscopy (CE). The utility of routine abdominal radiographs after CE for the diagnosis of capsule retention is not established. To establish the utility of abdominal radiographs in the diagnosis of capsule retention in patients undergoing CE. Prospective cohort study. Consecutive ...
Hoffmann Bjoern B Department of General Pediatrics, University Children's Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University, Duesseldorf, - - 2007
Fabry disease is an X-linked deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A, resulting in lysosomal deposition of globotriaosylceramide in nearly all tissues. The disease frequently causes diarrhea and abdominal pain, which are assumed to arise from malfunction of enteric neurons and which mimic diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). There are limited data about ...
Barreto-Zuñiga R - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Until recently the study of small bowel was limited to the radiographic approach. This paper describes experience with the first 86 procedures evaluated and treated with the new technique of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between August 2005 and September 2006, DBE was conducted in consecutive ...
Domsic Robyn - - 2008
Systemic sclerosis is a chronic disorder of connective tissue that affects the gastrointestinal tract in more than 80% of patients. Changes in neuromuscular function with progressive fibrosis of smooth muscle within the muscularis propria impair normal motor function, which may secondarily alter transit and nutrient absorption. Esophageal manifestations with gastroesophageal ...
Weinstock Leonard B - - 2008
PURPOSE: Interstitial cystitis (IC) often coexists with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS may be explained by small-intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), which increases immune activation and visceral hypersensitivity. This prospective pilot study tested hypotheses that IC patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms have SIBO, that nonabsorbable antibiotic use improves symptoms, and that ...
Oikawa Tetsuro - - 2009
Although abdominal bloating is one of the most bothersome symptoms experienced by patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), therapeutic drugs to relieve abdominal bloating have not been established. We investigated the Kampo (Chinese herbal) medicine, Hangekobokuto (Banxia-houpo-tang, HKT) for patients with FD from the standpoint of bowel gas retention. The bowel ...
Sandek Anja - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated morphology and function of the gut in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: Intestinal translocation of bacterial endotoxin may contribute to the inflammatory state observed in patients with CHF. The morphology and function of the gut may be abnormal. METHODS: We studied 22 patients with CHF ...
Rana S V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Occasionally celiac patients continue to experience gastro-intestinal symptoms even with a gluten free diet. In these cases, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth may be one of the causes of the lack of response. Therefore, this prospective study was planned to determine the prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in celiac ...
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