Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1595
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2011
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the heavy metals (cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn)) in scalp hair samples of 50 ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of premature mortality in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). We examined peripheral augmentation index (AIx) as a measure of systemic vascular function and circulating markers of vascular inflammation in patients with ADPKD. Fifty-two ADPKD patients with hypertension and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ...
Berker Dilek - - 2011
In patients, who undergo surgery for hyperthyroidism, many cases of incidental thyroid cancer (ITC) have been detected. In the literature, there is no study about ITC in subcentimeter nodules in these patients. We performed this study to determine the frequency of ITC in subcentimeter nodules and ultrasonographic features that can ...
Poots J - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease causing intermittent claudication (IC) causes decreased quality of life and significant morbidity. We hypothesized that triage of patients referred with suspected IC at a nurse-led rapid access vascular examination (RAVE) clinic would identify those patients requiring vascular surgery assessment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed. ...
Dogan Ebru Apaydın - - 2011
A 21-year-old male presented with severe throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting and progressive visual loss. Clinical examination revealed bilateral papilledema and left abducens nerve palsy. MRI showed findings consistent with dural sinus thrombosis. Combinging the clinical findings, MRI and a positive pathergy test, the patient was diagnosed with dural sinus thrombosis ...
Akimoto Tetsu - - 2011
Thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) clinically characterize thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), which is frequently recognized among patients with malignant hypertension (MH). Sixteen consecutive patients with MH were retrospectively investigated over a 7-year period and clinical features of the subjects with TMA were evaluated. We confirmed TMA ...
Berzigotti Annalisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In patients with cirrhosis the onset of clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH; i.e., hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) ≥ 10 mmHg) is associated with an increased risk of complications. However, most cirrhotic patients already have CSPH at presentation, and limited information is available on further risk stratification in this population. This ...
Luo Yi-Feng - - 2011
Abstract BACKGROUND: Pleural effusions frequently accumulate in patients with left heart failure. However, our recent study in idiopathic and heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients demonstrated that pleural effusions frequently occur in patients with isolated right heart failure (RHF). OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of pleural effusions in patients with ...
Stancu Carmen Corina - - 2011
Aim. The study is an integrated assessment of clinical, imagistic and morphological parameters in severe intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) complicated with subarachnoid effusion (SAE). Materials and Methods. The studied group had 37 cases of patients with ICH and SAE who were hospitalized in the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova and died ...
Osafo Charlotte - - 2011
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in tropical Africa although there are few data on the prevalence of this disorder. Therefore we initiated a multicenter screening study to identify the prevalence and staging of CKD in 712 patients with known hypertension in four polyclinics in Accra, Ghana. We measured estimated ...
Taubman Bruce - - 2011
The objective of this study was to prospectively determine the prevalence of asymptomatic celiac disease among children presenting with fibromyalgia. The secondary objective was to investigate if their symptoms resolved on a gluten free diet. All children seen in the Amplified Musculoskeletal Pain clinic between the ages of 12 and ...
Giovanella Luca - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to examine the prevalence of significant heterophilic antibody (HAb) interferences in serum calcitonin measurement in a large cohort of patients with thyroid nodules. Enrolled in the study were 378 patients with thyroid nodules shown not to have medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) after extensive diagnostic ...
Liu Tong - - 2011
Objective Uric acid (UA) is a cardiovascular risk marker associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. Recently, atrial fibrillation (AF) has been associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. The objective of this observational study was to investigate the association between UA levels and AF in hypertensive patients. Methods Consecutive patients with ...
Atarashi Hirotsugu - - 2011
Underuse and an inadequate range for the international normalized ratio (INR) for warfarin use are still problems in the management of the patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japan. From January to July 2009, a total of 7,937 AF patients [5,468 men (68.6 ± 10.0 years) and 2,469 women (72.2 ...
Pezzoli Alessandro - - 2011
Recent data suggest that mucosal abnormalities can occur even in the duodenum, jejunum, and distal ileum of cirrhosis patients. We present a case of portal hypertensive enteropathy in a cirrhosis patient shown by capsule endoscopy and the effect of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt on the ileal pictures. An 83-year-old Caucasian ...
Shiraishi Jun - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to examine whether baseline electrocardiographically diagnosed left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) influenced the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan add-on effects on the cardio-cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality in the high-risk hypertensive patients who participated in the KYOTO HEART Study. The primary endpoint was the ...
Reintam Blaser Annika - - 2011
Background. We aimed to describe the incidence of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and related outcome in mechanically ventilated (MV) patients. Methods. Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and gastric residual volumes were measured at least twice daily. IAH was defined as a mean daily value of IAP ≥ 12 mmHg. Results. ...
Tsai Wei-Chuan - - 2011
Patients are considered to be at high risk of cardiovascular events if they have diabetes, chronic kidney disease, stroke, established coronary artery disease, or a coronary artery disease equivalent. Blood pressure-lowering therapy has been shown to reduce cardiovascular events in these patients significantly. Identification of high-risk patients by global risk ...
Fernandez-Bahamonde Jorge L - - 2011
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma is a multi-factorial disease with a devastating impact on the quality of life of the patient in the moderate and severe stages of the disease. Identifying risk factors for the development of moderate to severe visual field loss may decrease the proportion of patients that experience ...
Armstrong April W - - 2011
Epidemiologic studies have provided new insights into the association between psoriasis and cardiovascular diseases. Previous population studies have examined hypertension frequency in psoriasis patients. However, the relationship between severity of hypertension and psoriasis has not been characterized. We sought to investigate whether patients with psoriasis have more difficult-to-manage hypertension compared ...
Klok Frederikus A - - 2011
Proof of concept study evaluating CMR as screening tool for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in patients treated for acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Right and left ventricular function of 15 consecutive patients treated for PE and 10 consecutive patients in whom PE was excluded was estimated at baseline by cardiac ...
Vladareanu A M - - 2011
Patients with Myeloproliferative Neoplasms-(MPN) have a high risk of thrombotic complications. Portal vein thrombosis is a severe complication, which in many cases, appears at the onset of the disease; the risk factors are related to the presence of qualitatively altered thrombocytes and leucocytes, leading to their activation and appearance of ...
Kaw Roop - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Perioperative risk associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (NCS) remains poorly defined. We report perioperative outcomes in a large cohort of patients undergoing NCS, comparing those with and without PH. METHODS: Patients undergoing NCS at our institution between January 2002 and December 2006, were cross ...
Balogh Zsuzsa - - 2011
Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) occurring simultaneously in both eyes is a rare condition, in such cases usually associated with severe systemic disease. Overall, only 10% of all CRVO patients are younger than 40 years. A relatively young patient reported with simultaneous bilateral CRVO associated with chronic kidney disease and ...
Mizariene Vaida - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to detect subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and to determine the impact of arterial hypertension on LV systolic function using speckle-tracking echocardiography in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with AR and 47 healthy controls were included in the study. ...
Cordero A - - 2010
The impact of target organ damage (TOD) clustering in hypertensive patients with established cardiovascular disease has not been clearly defined. Multicentre, observational and prospective study of 1054 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). The objective was describing the impact of TOD on first-year mortality. Ankle-brachial index (ABI), left ventricular ...
Vilela-Martin José Fernando - - 2010
Hypertensive crisis (HC) stands out as one type of acute elevation in blood pressure (BP) and can manifest as hypertensive emergency (HE-with target-organ damage (TOD)) or hypertensive urgency (HU-without TOD), usually accompanied by levels of diastolic BP 120 mm Hg. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical-epidemiological profile of ...
Garcia-Saenz-de-Sicilia Mauricio M Endoscopy Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Vasco de Quiroga #15, Col. Sección XVI. Del. Tlalpan, C.P. 14000, Mexico City, - - 2010
To determine if proton pump inhibitor use in cirrhotic patients with endoscopic findings of portal hypertension is associated with a lower frequency of gastrointestinal bleeding. Patients with cirrhosis and endoscopic findings related to portal hypertension, receiving or not receiving proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, were included retrospectively. We assigned patients ...
Fogari Roberto - - 2011
Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) as a class are generally considered safe and better tolerated than other antihypertensive drugs. The purpose of this report is to review the main data on the safety and tolerability of the second generation ARB valsartan after > 10 years since its initial approval. We searched ...
Hingwala D R - - 2011
Contrast-enhanced head and neck MRA may be degraded by venous stasis and reflux of contrast into the jugular veins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between venous stasis and reflux and the side of injection and other causal factors. One hundred twenty-six consecutive patients (94 males ...
Cua Clifford L - - 2011
Down syndrome (DS) patients have an increased risk of developing pulmonary hypertension (PH). Increased plasma levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) may contribute to vascular dysfunction in adults with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. Our goal was to test the hypothesis that DS patients with PH have higher plasma levels of ADMA than ...
Rodríguez-Mañero Moisés - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of pulmonary arterial hypertension in asymptomatic patients with 2 types of extensive slow-flow vascular malformations: extensive venous malformations or Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS). Case-control. Multidisciplinary center for vascular anomalies. Patients  A consecutive sample of 32 patients with slow-flow vascular malformations of at least 15% of the body ...
Allam Mohamed A - - 2010
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication of cirrhosis and the role of portal hypertension in the development of SBP has been suggested. This study assessed the portal vein (PV) haemodynamic changes in patients with SBP. The study was conducted on 20 ascitic patients with SBP (GI), 20 ascitic ...
Bae Ji Young - - 2010
The infiltration of dilute epinephrine solution has been used for many years to provide hemostasis. However, epinephrine has adverse cardiovascular effects, such as arrhythmia, pulmonary edema, and even cardiac arrest. We have experienced epinephrine-induced cardiovascular crisis, with severe hypertension, tachycardia, and cardiac arrest after subcutaneous infiltration of a 2% lidocaine ...
Triplette Matthew A - - 2011
Black patients in the United States undergoing angiography for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) have consistently been found to have less disease than whites. As the effects of hypertension are greater in blacks than whites, and hypertensive heart disease may mimic CAD and lead to catheterization, we examined the association ...
Angelousi Anna G - - 2011
Introduction The severity of critical illness is associated with various patterns of thyroid hormone abnormalities. We sought to evaluate whether the outcome of patients with, specifically, sepsis or septic shock is associated with the thyroid function tests evaluated at diagnosis or admission in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods We ...
Almeida Juliana Pereira - - 2010
BACKGROUND.: The purpose of this study was to assess the late side effects of radioiodine therapy (RIT) on salivary gland function. One hundred eighty two patients were evaluated. METHODS.: Assessment of salivary gland function was performed with salivary gland scintigraphy (SGS), sialometry, and subjective open questions to determine common side ...
Checchi Serenella - - 2010
Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) may be associated with other organ-specific autoimmune disorders, including autoimmune gastritis, but the prevalence of this association is not entirely quantified. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of parietal cell antibodies (PCA) in a large cohort of consecutive patients with AIT. We retrospectively ...
Espinoza Patricio González - - 2010
Subacute thyroiditis (SAT) or de Quervain thyroiditis is a relatively frequent and self-limited condition with a triphasic clinical course. Its symptoms can mimic other thyroid, upper respiratory, and ear infections. Thyroid ultrasonography (TUS), radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU), and thyroid scintigraphy (TS) may be used for differential diagnosis. To assess and ...
Hart Stephen A - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension frequently complicates mitral stenosis, with a subset of these patients exhibiting pressures well in excess of their mitral valve hemodynamics. The prevalence of this condition and its impact on clinical outcome following percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy (PBMC) is unknown. The transpulmonary gradient (TPG) was measured in 317 patients ...
Isik Serhat - - 2010
Introduction: The coexistence of thyroid nodules and autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) has been widely reported. The aim of our study was to retrospectively evaluate the prevalence and sonographic features of malignancy of thyroid nodules in ATD patients. Material and methods: We retrospectively analysed data from 500 patients with ATD in ...
Cazals-Hatem Dominique - - 2011
Previous studies on obliterative portal venopathy (OPV) have been biased due to the selection of patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of OVP diagnosed by liver biopsy. Fifty-nine consecutive patients with OPV were retrospectively selected on strict histological criteria. Clinical, laboratory, ...
Goertz R S - - 2011
Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) is a new method for the quantification of tissue elasticity. To date, ARFI technology has not been applied systematically to establish an abdominal and thyroid status. The aim of this prospective feasibility study was to evaluate ARFI elastometry performed on various healthy abdominal organs and ...
Chiesa Ana - - 2010
We describe the clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings of a cohort of Argentinean patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and goiter studied to characterize iodide organification and thyroglobulin (TG) defects. 20 CH patients (16 unrelated) were grouped according to serum TG levels and a perchlorate discharge test (PDT) in: group 1 ...
Kim Theo D - - 2010
Thyroid dysfunction is a well-known adverse effect of first-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), like sunitinib. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of second-generation TKIs on thyroid function. We retrospectively assessed the effect of the first-generation TKI imatinib and the second-generation TKI nilotinib and dasatinib on thyroid ...
Brix Thomas Heiberg - - 2011
Thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAbs) in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) predominantly react with two immunodominant regions (IDR-A, IDR-B). Theoretically, as shown for the level of TPOAbs, the autoantibody epitopic recognition of the IDRs could be under genetic control. To examine this, we compared the distribution of TPOAb epitopic fingerprints between ...
Gianakos Dean - - 2010
Treat the rare case of acute suppurative thyroiditis as a medical emergency, with attention to airway protection, intravenous antibiotics, and surgical drainage. Order a sedimentation rate if you suspect subacute thyroiditis. It is almost always elevated in patients with this disease. Treat subacute thyroiditis with prednisone 40 mg daily in ...
Vaiani Elisa - - 2010
Introduction  Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder caused by the loss of expression of paternally transcribed genes in a highly imprinted region of chromosome 15q11-13. The clinical phenotype has been well characterized, mostly related to hypothalamic dysfunction. Even though central hypothyroidism has been documented in 20-30% of patients with ...
Raffaelli Marco - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the safety of thyroid surgery in elderly patients, in whom surgical procedures usually are considered more hazardous than in younger patients. METHODS: The medical records of all the patients who were aged 70 years or older who had undergone thyroid surgery between January 1998 and June 2008 ...
Yang Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a common skin depigmenting disease, which is thought to have, at least partly, an autoimmune aetiology. AIM: To explore the correlation between paediatric vitiligo and other associated diseases, with an emphasis on autoimmune thyroiditis (AT). METHODS: In total, 363 paediatric patients (198 boys, 165 girls) with vitiligo ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >