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Results 101 - 150 of 1595
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Strain Gladys W - - 2012
Differences in excess weight loss, body mass index (BMI) change, and body composition have been related to different types of bariatric procedures. Our objective was to explore these alterations related to body mass in superobese (SO) and morbidly obese (MO) patients in a university hospital setting. Patients provided written informed ...
Singh Bisu - - 2011
Authors investigated the circumstantial evidence for autoimmunity in schizophrenia patients of Siliguri by considering the immune parameters like HLA Class I genes, IL-2 and IL6 and T cell subsets. Low resolution PCR-SSP method was applied for typing the HLA genes. Serum levels of IL-2 and IL-6 were measured by ELISA ...
Ozkavukcu Esra - - 2011
PURPOSE: To identify the gray-scale and color Doppler ultrasonography (US) findings of amniotic sheets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 1201 pregnant patients who underwent detailed second trimester US, nine had amniotic sheets. An amniotic sheet was defined as a shelf-like structure in the uterine cavity with a free edge not attached ...
Sanada Yukihiro - - 2011
At the present time, indications of liver transplantation (LT) for jaundice-free biliary atresia (BA) patients include intractable cholangitis, portal hypertension and pulmonary vascular disorders. However, the timing of LT remains unclear. In the current study, we describe the therapeutic strategies for jaundice-free BA patients. 129 BA patients were undergone LDLT ...
Wu I-Wen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of elderly hemodialysis (HD) patients is high. Serum p-cresyl sulfate (PCS) and indoxyl sulfate (IS) are associated with cardiovascular (CV) disease and mortality in renal patients. The association between such biomarkers and mortality in elderly HD patients has a high clinical value but remains unclear.METHODS: This ...
Grundmann Sonja A - - 2011
Chronic pruritus, which is associated with a wide variety of underlying diseases, represents a challenge in diagnostics and treatment in dermatology and general medicine. The cause of pruritus remains unknown in up to 45% of patients. In this study, 718 patients with chronic pruritus were analysed concerning lactase deficiency, demographic ...
Atlas David S - - 2011
Nonresponsive celiac disease (CD) is defined by persistent or recurrent symptoms, common after treatment with a gluten-free diet (GFD). To evaluate the utility of capsule endoscopy (CE) in nonresponsive CD. Case-control study. Tertiary-care center. Forty-two consecutive patients with nonresponsive CD and 84 age- and sex-matched CD-free controls who underwent CE ...
Karadaş Omer O Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Depertment of Neurology, Ankara, - - 2011
Although it is well known that ES alters cortical excitability, little is known about the relationship between ES outcome and cortical excitability. Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been successfully used to evaluate cortical excitability in epilepsy patients. The present study aimed to assess the value of the motor threshold (MT) and ...
Wang Wen-Xian - - 2011
Esophageal leiomyosarcoma accounts for only 0.5% of all esophageal tumors. This rare tumor has been reported in middle-aged or elderly patients. In contrast, pediatric esophageal leiomyosarcomas have never been reported. The case described herein is the first report of an esophageal leiomyosarcoma in a pediatric patient with its own characteristics. ...
Kiliçli Fatih - - 2011
Context:  Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) can cause a fatal haemorrhagic syndrome. Pituitary ischaemia/infarction and necrosis are known causes of hypopituitarism, often remaining unrecognized due to subtle clinical manifestations. Objective:  Our aim was to evaluate the effect of CCHF on pituitary function. Subject and methods:  Levels of serum free T3, ...
Kisacik Bunyamin - - 2011
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease which predominantly affects certain ethnic groups mainly Sephardic Jews, Turks, Arabs, and Armenians. Differential diagnosis of an attack of FMF with appendicitis could be difficult in patients presenting with acute abdomen. Circulating levels of resistin and visfatin have been shown to ...
Vercammen Martine - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Free light chains (FLC) are useful biomarkers in the assessment of plasma cell disorders. Concerns have been raised about some technical aspects of the assay. This report examined the occurrence of dilution anomalies and/or antigen excess. METHODS: FLC were determined on a BNII instrument at at-least two dilutions (100- ...
Kim Jung Hoon - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical usefulness of free-breathing 3D MRCP in non-cooperative patients compared conventional breath-hold 2D MRCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed FB navigator-triggered 3D MRCP using prospective acquisition correction and BH 2D MRCP in 48 consecutive, non-cooperative patients among 772 patients. Thirteen patients had malignant obstruction. Two radiologists ...
Sabet Amir - - 2011
(99m)Tc-macroaggregated albumin ((99m)Tc-MAA) scanning precedes radioembolization of the liver to detect extrahepatic shunting to the lung or gastrointestinal tract. Despite strict preventive measures in the production of (99m)Tc-MAA and in scanning protocols, the images frequently show a gastric concentration of free (99m)Tc-pertechnetate, hindering accurate evaluation of the gastroduodenal region. Our ...
Thilo Florian - - 2011
Background/Aims: Impaired immune function is common in patients with chronic renal failure. Now, we determined whether serum levels of free immunoglobulin light chains predict mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 on hemodialysis. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study of 160 hemodialysis patients with a median follow-up ...
Hussain Zareena J - - 2011
: The amount of free fluid that can normally be present in a pregnant patient is unknown. Evaluation of pelvic free fluid in a population of pregnant patients without early history of trauma would help determine what amount of free fluid should raise suspicion of intra-abdominal injury in those who ...
Fawzi Mounir H - - 2011
Despite the growing research interest in the role of immunological markers in schizophrenia, few studies, with conflicting results, have focused on the association between high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and clinical characteristics in schizophrenia. In this cross-sectional case-control study, a sample of 200 antipsychotic-free male Egyptian schizophrenia patients was ...
Cikrikcioglu Mehmet Ali - - 2011
Objective: To demonstrate the presence of splenomegaly in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) patients without accompanying portal hypertension or comorbidity. Methods: Twelve patients (7 women) aged 23-65 years followed upon the diagnosis of PAPS were enrolled in the study. We documented the identified causes of splenomegaly in patients with PAPS, and ...
Israelsson H - - 2011
Israelsson H, Birgander R, Ambarki K, Eklund A, Malm J. Ventriculomegaly and balance disturbances in patients with TIA. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2011.01520.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  Dilated ventricles and gait disturbances are common in the elderly, and these are also features of the treatable syndrome ...
Quinaglia T - - 2011
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) includes both patients whose blood pressure (BP) is uncontrolled on three or more medications (uncontrolled RHTN (UCRH)) and patients whose BP is controlled with use of four or more drugs (controlled RHTN (CRH)). It is unknown whether endothelial function and nocturnal drop demonstrate a similar pattern in ...
Elia Chiara - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a routine treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients. Whether TACE influences the degree of portal hypertension remains uncertain. AIM AND PATIENTS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical course of 283 TACE to investigate the incidence of variceal bleeding and ascites after the procedure. We ...
Bamias A - - 2011
AIM: Hypertension (HT) complicates treatment with antiangiogenic agents, including the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) sunitinib. To prospectively evaluate the prevalence and management of HT in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) receiving sunitinib we used 24-h ABPM and we treated HT according to guidelines of the Joint National Committee ...
Weismüller T J - - 2011
Duodenal varices (DVs) are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and rather suspected in patients with portal hypertension. Bleeding DVs are difficult to manage and often fatal due to delayed diagnosis. We report on a 71-year-old patient with massive upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, who did not show any clinical signs ...
Alexandraki Krystallenia I - - 2011
Objective  Hypercortisolaemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), either through a direct action on the myocardium or by increased traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the alterations in the ECG in Cushing's disease (CD) are predictable from risk factor ...
De Simone Roberto - - 2011
Reported prevalence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension without papilledema (IIHWOP) in series of patients with chronic or transformed migraine is significantly higher than expected; yet, IIHWOP is not included among the risk factors for migraine progression. However, several studies provided evidences suggesting that IIHWOP could represent a possible, largely underestimated, risk ...
Agbaji O O - - 2011
Background: Reports of renal dysfunction in Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-treated HIV-1 infected patients have raised concerns about potential nephrotoxicity. Objective: To compare the effects on renal function of TDF-containing highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) with a non-TDF-containing HAART. Methods: This was an observational study.Clinical and laboratory data of 186 HIV-1 ...
Etik Digdem - - 2011
Ectopic varices (EcV) accounting for 1-5% of all varices in portal hypertension are composed of dilated portosystemic collaterals located in unusual sites instead of the most known gastroesophageal region. The difficulty in localization of bleeding is a great burden on the management of these patients. Herein, we present patients with ...
Schlomer Bruce J - - 2011
PURPOSE: A unilateral poorly or non-functioning kidney is a cause of hypertension in children. We report the outcomes of pediatric patients with unilateral renal parenchymal disease who underwent nephrectomy for hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive hypertensive children undergoing nephrectomy with a unilateral poorly or non-functioning kidney were retrospectively reviewed; preoperative ...
Leoncini Giovanna - - 2011
Background. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are well-known, independent predictors of increased cardiovascular risk. Both conditions are fairly prevalent in the general population. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between MS or its individual components and CKD in an Italian population of hypertensive ...
López Álvarez J M - - 2011
To describe the factors associated to morbidity-mortality in pediatric patients with severe head injury (SHI). A review was made of the patients admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with SHI between July 1983 and December 2009. Of the 389 patients with head injuries, 174 (45%) presented SHI. The ...
Filusch Arthur - - 2011
Soluble TWEAK is a member of the TNF-alpha family of cytokines that has been shown to predict mortality in patients with heart failure. Pulmonary artery hypertension is a devastating disease, in which right ventricular function has been shown to be the major determinant of prognosis. In this hypothesis-generating study, we ...
Silverstein Douglas M - - 2011
Serum uric acid (UA) is positively associated with hypertension (HTN). HTN is common in pediatric patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). We assessed the relationship between UA and BP in 63 pediatric dialysis patients by measuring pre-treatment UA levels and BP in HD patients and in-center UA levels ...
Launay David - - 2011
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) complicating systemic sclerosis (SSc)-related interstitial lung disease (ILD) (PH-ILD) is usually associated with a poor prognosis. However, data are either lacking or scarce on prognosis factors in this condition. The objectives of the study were to compare the survival of patients with PH-ILD or pulmonary ...
Shang Qing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial dysfunction and early atherosclerosis have been found in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) without cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Few studies have investigated whether there is any early impairment of myocardial function. The aims of our study were to determine the prevalence of subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction ...
Walther L E - - 2011
Near infrared radiation can be used for warm stimulation in caloric irrigation of the equilibrium organ. Aim of this study was to determine whether near infrared radiation offers effective stimulation of the vestibular organ, whether it is well tolerated by the patients and especially whether it is a viable alternative ...
Cacciatore Francesco - - 2011
PURPOSE: The pathogenic role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in hypertensive patients regarding endothelial progenitor-cell (EPC) function is still poorly understood. The aim of the study was to evaluate EPC number, function, and relationship to carotid intima media thickness (IMT) progression. METHODS: We studied 36 newly diagnosed mildly hypertensive patients ...
Klok F A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to construct a diagnostic model for ruling out chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in symptomatic patients after acute pulmonary embolism (PE) that is based on simple, non-invasive tests. METHODS: Plasma levels of various CTEPH associated biomarkers and conventional ECG criteria for right ventricular pressure overload were ...
Lian Fan - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aim to estimate the putative predictors contributing to early identification of PAH, thus improve appropriate medical intervention and a better prognosis. A retrospective case-control study was conducted. Forty-one SLE patients with PAH and 106 SLE patients ...
La Mura Vincenzo - - 2011
Endothelial dysfunction is a major determinant of the increased hepatic vascular tone of cirrhotic livers. Von Willebrand factor (vWF), P-selectin and 8-iso-PGF2α (isoprostanes), surrogate markers of endothelial dysfunction, are increased in patients with cirrhosis. This study was aimed at exploring in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension the relation of ...
Cortigiani Lauro - - 2011
Aims To compare the prognostic implication of stress echocardiography (SE) in a large cohort of hypertensive and normotensive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The relative prognostic meaning of the SE result in hypertensive and normotensive patients remains to be addressed. Methods and results The study group ...
Mateo Irene - - 2011
Recent guidelines on arterial hypertension regard increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of end-organ damage. However, these guidelines do not specify whether the maximum or mean IMT should be used as an indicator. The aim of this study was to compare these two measures and their relationship to ...
Brandts A - - 2012
To investigate in type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) patients the role of hypertension and of DM1 itself on aortic stiffness by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Consecutive patients from the diabetes and hypertension outpatient clinic and healthy volunteers were included in our study. Subjects were divided into four groups: 32 healthy ...
Suk Ji Hye - - 2011
Background: Right-sided heart failure with clinical manifestation is only occasionally seen in patients with Graves' disease (GD). Recent studies revealed that pulmonary hypertension (PHT) detected by echocardiography was not rare in patients with GD. We performed this study to investigate the prevalence of PHT in patients with GD before and ...
Harris Stewart B - - 2011
AIMS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to document the clinical management of type 2 diabetes and related complications in Canada's First Nations. METHODS: Patients were randomly selected from 19 communities. Data from charts from consenting patients were collected. RESULTS: Of 885 patients, 63.3% were female, mean age was ...
Zaher Tarik - - 2011
Portal hypertension is common in Egypt as a sequela to the high prevalence of hepatitis C virus and bilharziasis. In portal hypertension internal haemorrhoids are frequently found. The aim of this work was to compare the outcome of endoscopic band ligation (EBL) of symptomatic internal haemorrhoids with that of stapled ...
Azizi Ghobad - - 2011
Objective: To examine the relationship between clinical markers of autoimmune thyroid disease and the risk of thyroid cancer in patients with thyroid nodules.Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed in a single clinical practice. In 2,500 consecutive patients, fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed on all 3,658 ultrasonography-positive thyroid nodules ...
Unlüer Erol Erden - - 2011
Our objective was to evaluate the accuracy of paramedic-performed Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (PFAST) for detection of free fluid in patients admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) following trauma. After four hours of didactic and four hours of hands-on training, four paramedics prospectively evaluated trauma patients. Our gold ...
Emiroglu Mehmet Yunus - - 2011
We aimed to assess atrial conduction time in patients with essential hypertension. A total of 80 patients with hypertension (51 males/29 females, 53 ± 12.5 years) and 80 controls (50 males/30 females, 50 ± 12 years) were included. Atrial electromechanical coupling (time interval from the onset of P wave on ...
Eriksson Carl - - 2011
Bosentan is an endothelin receptor antagonist approved for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Mild liver reactions occur in about 10% of treated patients but severe hepatotoxicity is rare. We present clinical data and treatment outcome of a severe drug induced liver injury due to bosentan in a patient with non-cirrhotic ...
Westerdahl Christina - - 2011
To evaluate the prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA) in newly diagnosed and untreated hypertensive patients in primary care using the aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR), and to assess clinical and biochemical characteristics in patients with high and normal ARR. Patient survey study. A total of 200 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed and ...
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