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Results 351 - 400 of 908
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Donaldson A - - 2001
High foetal haemoglobin (HbF) levels are believed to ameliorate the manifestations of homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease. The corollary implies that patients with low HbF levels should have more severe clinical courses. We investigated this in a retrospective study of 50 Jamaican patients with steady-state HbF levels below 1% compared ...
Morgan T J - - 2001
We investigated whether red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentrations are reduced in critical illness, whether acidaemia, hypophosphataemia or anaemia influence 2,3-DPG, and whether there is any net effect on in vivo P50. Twenty healthy, non-smoking, male volunteers were compared with 20 male intensive care patients with APACHE 2 scores >20 on ...
Fitzgerald R K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pulse oximetry is accurate and if it correlates with arterial blood gas saturation in pediatric patients with sickle cell anemia. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative study using a convenience sample of patients with sickle cell anemia who had simultaneous arterial blood gas sampling and pulse oximetry. SETTING: Children's ...
Marwah S S - - 2001
Decreased serum vitamin E levels are found in homozygous sickle cell disease (SCD). Excessive transfusions may lead high non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI). Hypothesizing a relationship between the two, vitamin E (measured using high performance liquid chromatography) was significantly lower in 30 SCD patients than in 30 age-/sex-matched controls (P < 0.001), ...
Hatipoglu A R - - 2001
Splenic infarction is a rare disorder. We have treated 4 patients during the last year. Abdominal pain in the left upper quadrant was the common complaint. Other complaints were fever, nausea and vomiting. Computed tomography showed infarcted areas in the spleen in all of the patients. Splenectomy was applied to ...
Willis F - - 2001
We describe 21 patients with severe and life-threatening autoimmune cytopenias resistant to standard immunosuppression who were treated with the monoclonal antibody Campath-1H. Four patients had autoimmune neutropenia, four had autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, four had pure red cell aplasia, one had immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP), three had autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and ...
Obermair A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In patients undergoing radiation for cervical carcinoma, there is evidence that anemia is associated with an impaired outcome. For patients undergoing chemoradiation, there are no data available. The objective of this retrospective study was to examine the impact of anemia before and during chemoradiation in patients with cervical carcinoma. ...
Galanopoulos A - - 2001
The efficacy and toxicity of amifostine (300 mg/m(2) three times a week for three consecutive weeks for a maximum of six courses) was evaluated in 12 patients with primary myelodysplastic syndromes. Dose escalation up to 400 mg/m(2) was allowed to patients who failed to respond. Hemoglobin concentration was increased > ...
Moser C - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To review the prevalence, clinical features, and role of bronchoscopy in patients with plastic bronchitis during the acute chest syndrome (ACS) of sickle cell disease (SCD). DESIGN: Eight-year review of clinical experience. SETTING: Tertiary referral children's hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-six pediatric inpatients with 29 ACS episodes requiring diagnostic bronchoscopy. ...
Ginn J L - - 2001
Acute upper gastrointestinal (UGI) hemorrhage is a common, often serious condition encountered in the emergency department (ED). Previous research has suggested that transfusion of blood products may interfere with the hypercoagulable state induced by significant blood loss. Our objective was to determine whether the frequency of rebleeding is higher in ...
Kappers-Klunne M C - - 2001
Patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who are unresponsive to corticosteroids require splenectomy, but if this fails, treatment is difficult. We tried to induce durable remissions in ITP patients refractory to corticosteroids before or after splenectomy by applying strong immunosuppression with the combination of cyclosporin A (CyA 5 mg/kg/d) ...
Chou R - - 2001
We report a case of recurrent thromboembolic disease and chronic pulmonary hypertension in an adult patient with pyruvate kinase deficiency who underwent splenectomy as a child. Thromboembolism has been reported as a complication following splenectomy for various hereditary chronic hemolytic anemias. To our knowledge, this association has not been described ...
Kotila T R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and laboratory features of adult sickle cell anaemia patients in Nigeria. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Haematology clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. SUBJECTS: Sixty nine adult sickle cell anaemia patients randomly sampled. RESULTS: The mean steady state haematocrit, HbA2 and HbF were ...
Stiegler G - - 2001
Therapy for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is often restricted to lifelong support with red blood cell units (RBCU). A variety of immune phenomena associated with antibody production have been reported in MDS patients. Therefore, we hypothesized that red cell antibodies are more frequent in patients with MDS compared to other regularly ...
Ho C H - - 2001
The objective was to assess the serial change of the cardiac function after blood transfusion in patients with chronic anaemia. According to a previous study, transfusion would adjust the ejection fraction to the advantage of cardiac function in chronic anaemia patients, and thus the serial change of the cardiac function ...
Kasper C - - 2001
Patients with malignant diseases frequently develop anemia. An alternative to blood transfusions is the application of recombinant human erythropoietin. Several nonrandomized and prospective, placebo-controlled studies have demonstrated the effect and safety of erythropoietin in patients with hematological malignancies, particularly in patients with multiple myeloma and low- to intermediate-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. ...
Miller M K - - 2001
Hydroxyurea (HU) has laboratory and clinical efficacy in hemoglobin SS (HbSS) disease, but its benefits in hemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease are unknown. A recent adult HbSC disease pilot trial with HU therapy documented a modest laboratory benefit. Our goal was to evaluate the laboratory and clinical responses of selected pediatric ...
Li C K - - 2001
Two thalassemia major patients received regular blood transfusion and desferrioxamine chelation, and 1 patient had a splenectomy at 9 years of age. Both patients developed Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis at age of 27 and 15 years. They died within a short time despite appropriate antibiotic treatment. Klebsiella meningitis may be more ...
Royston D - - 2001
We set out to determine if the heparinase-modified thrombelastogram using anticoagulated blood from patients during cardiac surgery could guide treatment with haemostatic components. In 60 patients a simple algorithm predicted a possible 60-80% decrease in the use of haemostatic components. In a second series, 30 patients were allocated to receive ...
Christopoulou M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Autologous blood transfusion presents few infectious or immunologic side effects. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of autologous blood transfusion with or without recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in patients who underwent elective maxillofacial operations. MATERIAL: Seventy eight consecutive patients (29 men and 49 women) ...
Feagan B G - - 2001
. The transfusion requirements of 2233 patients who underwent total hip or knee joint arthroplasty procedures at nine Canadian hospitals during 1995-1996 were evaluated. Although 64% of patients were eligible for participation in an autologous blood donation (ABD) programme, only 8% predonated blood. Patients who were eligible for ABD were ...
Belhassen L - - 2001
Interactions between the endothelium and erythrocytes may contribute to the vascular complications of sickle cell disease (SCD). Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) plays a major role in the regulation of vasomotor tone in response to wall shear stress (WSS) variations and pharmacologic stimuli. However, little is known about endothelial NO production ...
Wong A L - - 2001
This brief review discusses one possible approach to evaluating the sickle cell patient with bone pain. The major differential diagnoses include osteomyelitis and bone infarction. Based on previous studies, we provide an approach to assessing and treating patients with the possible diagnosis of osteomyelitis. An algorithm has been provided, which ...
Christensson A G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Elevation of haemoglobin (Hb) with recombinant erythropoietin (rHuEpo) in patients with chronic renal failure has raised concern of increased risk of thromboembolic diseases. In this study, a substudy of the Scandinavian multicentre trial, we examined the influence on haemostatic parameters of normalization of Hb levels from subnormal levels in ...
Macdougall I C - - 2001
Despite the publication of National Kidney Foundation and European Best Practice Guidelines, there is still uncertainty among nephrologists regarding the optimum target haemoglobin (Hb) concentration for patients treated with erythropoietin. For most patients, the target Hb concentration is 11-12 g/dl, resulting in only partial correction of anaemia. However, there is ...
Symeonidis A - - 2001
Splenic infarction in patients with sickle cell trait is usually related to hypoxic conditions, while non-hypoxia-related infarcts are extremely rare. We report on a case of a 17-year-old male patient, living at sea level, who developed a severe left upper quadrant abdominal pain during the course of a febrile episode. ...
Singer S T - - 2000
The development of hemolytic alloantibodies and erythrocyte autoantibodies complicates transfusion therapy in thalassemia patients. The frequency, causes, and prevention of this phenomena among 64 transfused thalassemia patients (75% Asian) were evaluated. The effect of red blood cell (RBC) phenotypic differences between donors (mostly white) and Asian recipients on the frequency ...
Willcox T M - - 2000
Splenic hemangioma is a rare disorder but remains the most common benign neoplasm of the spleen. It often has a latent clinical picture; however, spontaneous rupture has been reported to occur in as many as 25% of this patient population.1 Treatment most often consists of splenectomy. This report reviews an ...
Rohling R G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In patients undergoing elective maxillofacial surgery, hyperthermic reactions have been observed after the transfusion of autologous washed and centrifuged shed blood. It was the aim of this study to correlate the clinical features with changes in cytokine levels. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In 24 consecutive patients, TNFalpha, IL-1, and ...
Styles L A - - 2000
Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is the leading cause of death in sickle cell disease. Severe ACS often develops in the course of a vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC), but currently there are no predictors for its development. Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), a potent inflammatory mediator, is elevated in ACS, and previous work ...
Ataga K I - - 2000
Bone marrow necrosis (BMN) ranges from a localized to a widespread generalized process. Most often seen in patients with leukemia and other malignant conditions, generalized BMN has also been observed in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), where it is almost certainly a consequence of blood vessel occlusion. Activation of ...
Moral A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Glutathione (GSH) may provide defense against reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by ultraviolet radiation. Furthermore, some authors have demonstrated a relationship between the GSH of peripheral blood erythrocytes (GSHe) and resistance to chemotherapy. PATIENTS & METHODS: To observe the influence of GSH on the genesis and evolution of Malignant ...
Morris C R - - 2000
To determine the effects of L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation on nitric oxide metabolite (NOx) production, oral L-Arg was given to normal controls, sickle cell disease (SCD) patients at steady state and SCD patients hospitalized with a vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC). L-Arg (0.1 g/kg) increased NOx formation by 18.8 +/- 68% in normal ...
Olivieri N F - - 2000
Whereas hemoglobin (Hb) E-beta thalassemia is recognized as probably the most common serious hemoglobinopathy worldwide, its natural history remains poorly defined. The interaction of hemoglobin E and beta-thalassemia result in a wide spectrum of clinical disorders, some indistinguishable from thalassemia major and some milder and not transfusion-dependent. Partially as a ...
Abboud M R - - 2000
The role of cytokines in the development of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) was studied. Serum interleukin 8 (IL-8) levels were elevated in 14 episodes and undetectable in six out of 20 episodes of ACS in 19 patients with SCD. In contrast, IL-8 levels ...
Park A E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In this study of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS), we evaluate prospectively gathered perioperative patient data and review lessons learned in the evolution of this procedure. METHODS: At 2 university medical centers between November 1993 and March 2000, there were 203 patients (122 female patients and 81 male patients) who underwent ...
Gartaganis S P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate contrast sensitivity function in patients with beta-thalassemia major, after regular transfusion and chelation therapy. METHODS: We measured contrast sensitivity at four spatial frequencies in 30 patients with beta-thalassemia major and in 30 matched normal control subjects. All subjects underwent an ophthalmic examination that included fluorescein angiography. The ...
Watts M J - - 2000
A significant proportion of previously treated patients fail to mobilize sufficient stem/progenitor cells to enable high-dose therapy and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation to be performed. In this study, the value of remobilizing such patients has been evaluated in 20 patients who all failed to achieve progenitor yields of 1 ...
Loukopoulos D - - 2000
The use of hydroxyurea for the prevention of sickle cell crises in patients with homozygous HbS disease is now well established. The beneficial effects of this compound stem from (a) selective enrichment of red cells containing an increased amount of fetal hemoglobin, which inhibits HbS polymerization, and (b) a decrease ...
Neonato M G - - 2000
A subset of 299 patients with homozygous sickle cell anaemia, enrolled in the cohort of the French Study Group on sickle cell disease (SCD), was investigated in this study. The majority of patients were children (mean age 10.1 +/- 5.8 yr) of first generation immigrants from Western and Central Africa, ...
Kotila T R - - 2000
Haemoglobin F (HbF) has been a useful criterion in predicting the clinical severity of sickle cell disease (SCD). Thus different treatment modalities are geared towards raising its level. This study estimated HbF levels in sickle cell anaemia patients. HbF levels were then compared with clinical parameters such as the average ...
Burns E R - - 2000
Red cell hemolysis is classically diagnosed by a combination of nonspecific laboratory tests, including serum bilirubin, LDH, and the reticulocyte count. None of these tests alone or in combination has the specificity to reliably ascertain the presence of hemolysis. We have previously demonstrated that erythrocyte adenylate kinase (EAK) is a ...
Kariyawasam H H - - 2000
The case history is presented of a lung transplant patient who developed prolonged parvovirus B19 infection with severe transfusion dependent anaemia. The patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin after which the haemoglobin rose, together with a reticulocytosis. The patient then remained transfusion free and the virus cleared more than three ...
Vichinsky E P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The acute chest syndrome is the leading cause of death among patients with sickle cell disease. Since its cause is largely unknown, therapy is supportive. Pilot studies with improved diagnostic techniques suggest that infection and fat embolism are underdiagnosed in patients with the syndrome. METHODS: In a 30-center study, ...
Cianciulli P - - 2000
Patients with beta-globin disorders show amelioration of clinical condition by sustained synthesis of fetal haemoglobin in adult life. We report data on a patient with beta(o)-thalassaemia genotype and thalassaemia intermedia clinical phenotype. He received therapy with hydroxyurea (20 mg/kg/d) because of the presence of extramedullary masses causing paraparesis, neurogenic bladder ...
So C C - - 2000
We perform a retrospective study to determine the incidence and characteristics of alloimmunization in Chinese patients with warm autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. Among 67 patients studied, clinically significant alloantibodies were found in only eight patients, giving a rate of alloimmunization of 11.3%. The latter contrasts with the much higher rate reported ...
Nietert P J - - 2000
Measurement of cerebral blood velocity (CBV) by transcranial Doppler has been used to identify patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) who are at high risk of ischemic stroke. This study examines outcomes of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and periodic blood transfusion (PBT) as a basis for making treatment recommendations for ...
Linsalata M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Polyamines play a role in cell proliferation and in cancer development: they are mainly carried by red blood cells (RBCs). Abnormally high polyamine levels in RBCs have been demonstrated in patients with various types of cancer and the prognostic value of RBC polyamine levels has also been underlined. Our ...
Maitre B - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a frequent and potentially severe pulmonary illness in sickle cell disease (SCD). The aim of the study was to report the clinical features and outcome of consecutive ACS episodes in adult patients in a French SCD center. All patients were treated according to ...
Gaines A R - - 2000
Rh(o)(D) immune globulin intravenous (anti-D IGIV) was licensed by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in March 1995 to treat patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Anti-D IGIV induces extravascular hemolysis, an expected adverse reaction that is consistent with the presumed mechanism of action. Between licensure and April ...
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