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Results 701 - 750 of 894
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Schwab C W - - 1986
Despite an excellent military experience with the use of the "universal donor" as an immediately available blood component, considerable reluctance to use uncrossmatched Group O packed cells (TOB) remains. In addition, problems continue with rapid blood acquisition in the emergency department. To study the safety of TOB used as an ...
Gibson J - - 1986
Accessory splenic tissue was demonstrated in four of eight patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura investigated following post-splenectomy relapses. Time from initial splenectomy to relapse of thrombocytopenia ranged from immediately to eight years and post-splenectomy changes were present on the peripheral blood films of all patients at time of relapse. ...
Hill S C - - 1986
Ultrasonographic (US) examinations of the upper abdomen were performed in 80 patients with Gaucher disease. Of the 49 patients that had not undergone splenectomy, 47 had splenic enlargement. Sixteen patients had multiple lesions in the spleen. Most patients had discrete hypoechoic lesions that corresponded pathologically to focal homogeneous clusters of ...
Devine D V - - 1986
Although abnormalities in coagulation tests have been reported during vaso-occlusive crises in patients with sickle cell disease, objective, readily performed laboratory tests that document the occurrence of this complication have not been available. We examined the relationship between fibrin D-dimer levels and the occurrence of complications in patients with sickle ...
Webster P - - 1986
Red cell distribution width (RDW), an electronically determined index of anisocytosis, was examined in 60 patients with sickle cell anemia (Hb SS), 28 patients with hemoglobin sickle cell (SC) disease, and seven patients with sickle cell-beta(+) thalassemia (S-thal). All patients were adults and in the steady state of their disease. ...
Kamel R - - 1986
We evaluated segmental splenectomy in 51 patients who required splenectomy to relieve the symptoms of schistosomal splenomegaly, and compared their course with that of 44 patients who underwent total splenectomy in an unrandomized study. We describe a minor modification of our initial technique. Patients having segmental splenectomy had a similar ...
Nelson M S - - 1986
We recently saw a 12-year-old black boy with known sickle cell disease who had been seen many times for abdominal pain thought to be secondary to a vasoocclusive crisis. The patient eventually was admitted, after a seizure and the onset of obtundation. The etiology of his acute encephalopathy remained unclear ...
Zwart A - - 1986
Our recently developed multiwavelength method for multi-component analysis of hemoglobin (Hb) derivatives (Clin Chem 1984;30:373-379) was adapted for routine use in the clinical chemical laboratory. The method was applied in 4066 determinations on blood specimens from patients awaiting major surgery (n = 3863) or visiting the outpatient department for pulmonary ...
Milner P F - - 1986
This study examines the effect of different levels of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) and the presence or absence of genes for alpha-thalassemia on the red cell indices and degree of anemia among 102 patients with homozygous sickle cell disease (S/S) between the ages of 15 and 62 years. Patients were ...
Myhre Jensen O - - 1986
Morphometric light and electron microscopy studies on perfusion-fixed spleens from 6 patients with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and 18 patients with hereditary spherocytosis showed increased relative (and absolute) volumes of red pulp and absolute volumes of pulp cords when compared to 10 controls and 16 patients with immune thrombocytopenia without haemolysis. ...
Tartter P I - - 1986
Peripheral lymphocytes, T and B cell counts, and skin test reactivity to five recall antigens were determined before operation and 6 to 18 months after operation with or without blood transfusion in 59 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Significantly reduced preoperative peripheral lymphocyte and T cell counts reached normal levels ...
Lombardo M - - 1986
There is a large variation of clinical severity among thalassemic patients in Sicily. A heterogeneous molecular basis has already been demonstrated among the patients presenting with thalassemia intermedia. The same approach, based mostly on linked haplotypes of the beta gene cluster polymorphisms and in some cases on the demonstration of ...
Marmitt C R - - 1986
1. Thirty-two patients with hemoglobin SC (Hb SC) disease from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, are described. Mean patient age at the time of study was 20 years, and average age at onset nine years. 2. The main complaint at presentation was bone or joint pains. Symptoms involved bone or joint ...
Wedzicha J A - - 1986
20 patients were studied with chronic airflow obstruction and arterial hypoxaemia, 10 with and the other 10 without secondary polycythaemia. There were no differences in the value of the P50 for the two patient groups (Polycythaemics 3.31 +/- 0.17 kPa; non-polycythaemics 3.47 +/- 0.25 kPa). Isovolaemic haemodilution was performed by ...
Boisseau M R - - 1986
Patients with acute cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) exhibit pathological changes of various hemorheological factors in dependence of severity of the clinical condition. Increase in hematocrit, rise in blood viscosity and impairment of red cell deformability together with increase in plasma proteins, especially of fibrinogen and inflammatory proteins, leukocytosis, hemoconcentration and presence ...
Croom R D RD - - 1986
Hereditary spherocytosis is a clinically heterogeneous, genetically determined red blood cell membrane disorder resulting in hemolytic anemia. A deficiency of spectrin, the largest and most abundant structural protein of the erythrocyte membrane skeleton, results in the formation of spherocytes which lack the strength, durability, and flexibility to withstand the stresses ...
Fatunde O J - - 1986
Splenic reticuloendothelial function, as determined by pitted red cell counts in 114 pediatric patients with sickle cell disease, was evaluated. Patients with homozygous sickle cell disease (HbSS) had a mean pit count of 11.8 +/- 7.0% and the count increased with age. Sickle cell hemoglobin C disease (HbSC) patients had ...
Solanki D L - - 1985
Recent observations that the sickle RBC are excessively susceptible to phagocytosis by macrophages in vitro prompted me to look for evidence of in vivo erythrophagocytosis (Ep) in patients with sickle cell anemia (SS). Freshly prepared smears of unmanipulated blood of 27 patients with SS in steady state were examined for ...
Ashoor A - - 1985
Among the complications of sickle cell disease, sensorineural deafness is well documented in the Western literature; little is known about it in Saudi Arabian patients, in whom the general pattern of the disease has been reported to be "mild," attributed partly to high levels of HbF. The auditory function of ...
Hom B L - - 1985
The case of a patient in whom idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) was associated with diffuse splenic histiocytosis is described; the patient's subsequent sphingomyelinase level was at the lower limits of the normal range. The patient's splenic lecithin:sphingomyelin ratio was not significantly different from that of 11 age-matched control subjects. It ...
Turner J D - - 1985
Sickle cell trait must be included in the differential diagnosis of hematuria in black patients. Therefore, diagnostic workup should include hemoglobin electrophoresis, urine culture, coagulation studies, intravenous pyelography, cystoscopy, renal ultrasonography, and renal arteriography. If the patient is found to have hemoglobin AS and no other abnormality, initial therapy consists ...
Merikangas J R - - 1985
This paper reports the results of a single blind clinical study of drug treatment response of 20 patients with Tourette's syndrome to haloperidol and clonazepam. Because patients with Tourette's syndrome have been reported to have increased red blood cell choline levels, choline levels were examined in relation to treatment response. ...
Walsh C - - 1985
Thirty-three homosexual patients with thrombocytopenia (mean [+/- SE] platelet count, 50 000 +/- 7000/mm3; range, 7 to 135 000/mm3) have been followed for a mean period of 20 +/- 2 months. Six patients have developed the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 1 to 37 months after the diagnosis of thrombocytopenia. Six patients ...
el-Zayadi A - - 1985
Twenty-three patients received oral antibilharzial therapy in the form of niridazole tablets (10 mg/kg body weight for 20 days), and 10 patients served as controls. Three months post-therapy, 14 out of 23 treated patients (61%) had cleared the HBsAg. This was found to be statistically significant. In contrast, 2 of ...
Alter B P - - 1985
Fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) may increase in patients receiving chemotherapeutic drugs, a result of potential use in patients with symptomatic hemoglobinopathies. We examined Hb F in 13 patients with myeloproliferative disease (six polycythemia vera, five polycythemia vera with myeloid metaplasia, one agnogenic myeloid metaplasia, and one chronic myelogenous leukemia) who ...
Bertch K E - - 1985
The effects of chronic phenytoin therapy on serum calcium, phosphorus, folate, and various hematological indices were assessed. One hundred and fifty-one patients, ages 18 months to 81 years, received phenytoin in a previously-conducted, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Of the patients receiving phenytoin, initially 127 were evaluable while for control patients receiving ...
Yoshioka H - - 1985
Splenic embolization using steel coils was performed in 28 patients with hypersplenism caused by portal hypertension. The patients were classified according to the site of placement of the steel coils: In group 1 (six patients), it was the proximal splenic artery; in group 2 (10 patients), the distal splenic artery ...
Acquaye J K - - 1985
Seventy-one Saudi and Yemeni Arabs with sickle cell anaemia from western Saudi Arabia aged between 1 1/2 and 42 years were studied. The mean steady state haemoglobin concentration of 8.1 g/dl was lower than that of 10.7 g/dl reported previously for sickle cell anaemia in eastern Saudi Arabia. The patients ...
Coon W W - - 1985
In 113 patients with hemolytic anemia splenectomy was performed, without mortality and with minimal morbidity. Fifty-three patients with congenital spherocytosis and two with congenital elliptocytosis had postoperative increases in hematocrit to normal or near-normal levels. Three patients with pyruvate kinase deficiency and three with thalassemia variants were improved. Splenectomy in ...
Hadi H A - - 1985
Amniotic fluid spectrophotometric analysis for bilirubin (delta optical density [delta OD450], at 450 nm) is used to assess the severity of fetal involvement in isoimmunized pregnancies. Two patients presented with sickle cell anemia and hyperbilirubinemia who also were isoimmunized. The first patient had anti-kell and anti-e antibodies, whereas the second ...
DiNubile M J - - 1985
Granulocyte transfusions are used as adjuvant therapy for infection in neutropenic patients with underlying neoplastic disease, neutropenic infants, and patients with qualitative white blood cell disorders. In addition, prophylactic leukocyte transfusions have been administered to patients during remission induction for acute leukemia or after bone marrow transplantation. The role of ...
Atkins J N - - 1985
A patient whose initial hematologic evaluation suggested the diagnosis of a microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) was further evaluated and found to have erythroleukemia (DiGuglielmo's syndrome). This prompted us to review retrospectively the peripheral blood morphology of 12 patients with erythroleukemia. Anisocytosis, poikilocytosis, macrocytosis, and nucleated red cells have been described ...
Sirchia G - - 1985
Clinical and serological data on 1435 Italian thalassemia major patients were collected during a cooperative study involving 19 centers in 10 regions. The main findings were as follows: 18 percent of the patients were under 6 years of age, 63 percent between 6 and 15, and 19 percent over 15. ...
De Martino M - - 1985
Monoclonal antibodies (OKT series) have been used to investigate possible modifications of T lymphocytes and T lymphocyte subsets in 65 multiply transfused beta-thalassemia patients. No significant difference was observed in percentage and absolute number of OKT3-, OKT4-, and OKT8-positive cells when compared to controls. A subgroup of patients (10 patients, ...
el-Hazmi M A - - 1985
The influence of the alpha-thalassaemia gene on the haematological, biochemical and clinical presentation of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) was investigated in Saudi patients with 1 or 2 alpha-gene deletions. The results were compared to the results obtained in SCA patients without alpha-thalassaemia. In SCA patients with 2 gene deletions (homozygous ...
Reiss R F - - 1985
Twenty four courses of granulocyte enriched buffy coat transfusions were administered to 22 different infected neutropenic patients. Those patients who received an average of greater than or equal to 13 units per transfusion, which represented a mean of 1.02 X 10(10) granulocytes, had a survival rate of only 30% which ...
Al-Awamy B - - 1985
A questionnaire study of 42 Saudi patients with sickle cell anemia revealed that none of them had ever suffered from priapism. A comparison of hematological parameters between Jamaican priapism patients and Saudi non-priapism patients suggested that high Hb F levels and hypochromic microcytosis in Saudi patients might play an important ...
Samuels-Reid J - - 1985
The results of this preliminary study indicate that patients with sickle cell disease have shorter menstrual cycles than normal control subjects. Their periods last longer and are heavier, and they have a greater incidence of dysmenorrhea. This study provides some insight into the menstrual characteristics of these patients and, we ...
Belch J J - - 1985
Patients with systemic sclerosis (SS) often suffer from Raynaud's Syndrome (RS). As prostacyclin (PGI2) is of benefit in the treatment of RS in SS, we have measured endogenous stable metabolites of PGI2 (PGI2m) in 42 patients with Raynaud's Phenomenon (RP) of varying aetiology (15 SS patients, 15 patients with Raynaud's ...
Kesteven P J - - 1985
Splenic pooling of red cells and an expanded plasma volume are considered to be among the major mechanisms responsible for the anaemia in hypersplenism. In those conditions in which massive splenomegaly is associated with various degrees of marrow failure, diagnosis of the cause of anaemia may be difficult. A simple ...
Hyman C B - - 1985
Although the preliminary findings are encouraging, to assess the effectiveness of the SHYD program on the long-term course of thalassemia, a larger patient population and longer treatment and follow-up period are needed. The presence of cardiac abnormalities in patients in Group I suggests that to prevent heart damage in thalassemia, ...
Wallhermfechtel M A - - 1984
We examined the value of performing alloabsorptions to detect clinically significant alloantibodies in patients with warm autoantibodies who must receive crossmatch-incompatible blood. One hundred and twenty-five (125) patients were evaluated using alloabsorption with red cells (RBCs) from three donors: R1R1, R2R2, and rr, whose phenotypes other than Rh were selected ...
Rostom A Y - - 1984
Nineteen patients with relapsed or resistant multiple myeloma were treated with sequential half-body irradiation (12) and half-body irradiation only (seven). This treatment proved acceptable to the majority of patients and required one night's stay in hospital. Gastro-intestinal toxicity was transient and self limiting. Haematological toxicity was acceptable and recovery was ...
Fink I J - - 1984
The posteroanterior hand films of 10 of 15 patients with Gaucher disease demonstrated enlarged nutrient foramina when compared with a control group matched for patient gender and age. Similar findings were also noted in seven of 22 patients with beta-thalassemia major. Enlargement of nutrient foramina in the hands may indicate ...
Gerrits G P - - 1984
In the period 1975-1983 22 patients, aged 4-36 months were seen with severe transient normochromic, normocytic anaemia caused by a transient erythroblastopenia. In 20 patients bone marrow aspirations were obtained; they showed erythroblastopenia. In ten cases we observed young lymphoid cells, suggesting a diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. One patient ...
Lawson J P - - 1984
The nutrient foramina in the phalanges and/or the calvarial vascular markings were evaluated in 34 patients with thalassemia. Enlarged nutrient foramina were noted in 17 patients, and abnormal calvarial markings were observed in 19 patients. The prominence of the vascular changes in the phalanges paralleled those in the calvaria, and ...
Magid D - - 1984
The spleen was assessed in 10 patients with sickle cell disease studied with computed tomography (CT) for abdominal pain and/or unexplained fever. Patients with homozygous sickle cell anemia were found to have small, densely calcified spleens with occasional low-density infarcts. Five of six had hepatomegaly, and there was one case ...
Musser G - - 1984
Between 1956 and 1981, 306 splenectomies for hematologic diseases were performed at the UCLA Medical Center. Of these operations, more than 75% were performed for therapeutic reasons to control anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, or painful symptoms of splenomegaly. Of the 65 patients who had idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, 77% showed an excellent ...
Kakaiya R K - - 1984
The characteristics and natural history of alloimmunization to HLA were studied in five patients with Hunter's syndrome receiving long term transfusions of leukocytes collected from human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched donors. Patients were not given any other blood component transfusions. All patients became alloimmunized at an average interval of eight ...
Lasky L C - - 1984
In order to determine the degree and significance of red cell antibody production by dialysis patients, two groups of patients were studied retrospectively. One hundred and five randomly selected dialysis patients (Group I) receiving a total of 1074 units of blood were reviewed, as were 38 patients who were given ...
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