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Results 651 - 700 of 907
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Goodnough L T - - 1990
For patients participating in autologous blood programs, one factor influencing the likelihood of homologous blood exposure is the number of available autologous units. To study the role of human recombinant erythropoietin (rhEpo) in increasing the amount of autologous blood that can be obtained prior to surgery, we conducted a randomized ...
Strunecká A - - 1990
We have investigated a female patient with autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome (AES syndrome), having a positive skin response to her own red blood cells (RBC) and to phosphatidylserine (PS). Using 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS), bee venom phospholipase A2 and merocyanine 540 binding, we have demonstrated that in RBC of patient more than ...
Tsukimoto I - - 1989
We evaluated the long-term prognosis and quality of cure of idiopathic acquired aplastic anemia in children. Of the 244 patients registered from 1965 to 1985, those registered in 1965-1975 and 1976-1985 had a survival rate of 50.1% and 62.0%. The percentage of cure, undertreatment and death was 30, 30 and ...
Buchanan G R - - 1989
To determine the effects of blood transfusions on splenic function in older patients with sickle cell anemia, we investigated splenic function in 12 patients who had had cerebrovascular accidents and who were being treated at two collaborating centers using different transfusion protocols. Splenic function was assessed by radionuclide scan and ...
Sugezawa A - - 1989
A retrospective analysis was undertaken of the association between blood transfusion and long-term results for 218 patients with stage III gastric cancer who were curatively treated by partial gastrectomy. One hundred and fifty-two patients received blood transfusion within the perioperative period. The postoperative 5-year survival rates were 49.3% for the ...
Peters T G - - 1989
The sick asplenic patient bears risk to infectious complications and mortality. That risk is not widely accepted since no specific syndrome is applicable to all asplenic patients who are ill. In order to determine outcome following splenectomy, 624 patients having simple splenic injury, splenic plus multisystem trauma, elective splenectomy, incidental ...
Adler S P - - 1989
Antibody responses to cytomegalovirus (CMV) after red cell (RBC) transfusion were studied in 84 seropositive surgery patients and 82 seropositive oncology patients. The surgery patients were randomized to receive RBCs stored either 3 to 8 or 20 to 42 days after donation. Of 38 patients receiving RBCs stored 8 days ...
Carmel R - - 1989
Transfusion practice in patients with treatable, readily recognizable, chronic anemia was reviewed because such patients only infrequently need to be transfused. Pernicious anemia with hemoglobin concentration below 100 g/L was chosen as the model for this assessment. Sixty-two (51%) of 122 patients received blood transfusion, although most patients had chronic, ...
Durosinmi M A - - 1989
Gall bladder ultrasonography was performed on 157 fasting patients (mainly adults) with sickle cell disease (133 SS and 24 SC) with a view to establishing the prevalence of cholelithiasis in Nigerian 'sicklers'. There were 82 females and 75 males whose ages ranged from 9 to 60 years (mean 34.5). Gallstones ...
Gürgey A - - 1989
A sixteen-year-old male with sickle cell anemia and congenital strabismus developed malignant hyperthermia a few minutes after the administration of succinylcholine, used as the general anesthetic for corrective eye surgery. The patient's hemoglobin S level was reduced to fifteen percent before the operation. He recovered uneventfully within a few hours. ...
Mahapatra A K - - 1989
Twenty two patients with transfusion malaria were studied over a one year period. They constituted 75% of all neurosurgical patients receiving blood transfusions during surgery or in the immediate postoperative period. Malaria parasites could be demonstrated in the peripheral blood smears of only eight patients, and the rest (14) were ...
Matsuo H - - 1989
The clinical features of 21 patients (7 men and 14 women, aged 24-65) with human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) associated myelopathy (HAM) in Nagasaki were reviewed. Gait disturbance with spastic paraplegia and bladder dysfunction were the main clinical symptoms. Gait disturbance was observed in all patients and bladder dysfunction ...
Elworthy P - - 1989
Red blood cell (RBC) polyamines, spermine and spermidine have been assayed from 103 patients with confirmed intracranial tumours and 87 controls. For spermine the test had a specificity of 97% and a sensitivity of 30% in preoperative patients, increasing to 40% in glioma patients. Tumour recurrence in postoperative patients gave ...
Sinai-Trieman L - - 1989
Five anemic, transfusion-dependent patients aged 12 to 18 years, who had end-stage renal disease (mean hematocrit value 22 +/- 0.31%) and were on a regimen of peritoneal dialysis, were treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo), which was self-administered at home by subcutaneous injections thrice weekly at an initial dosage of ...
Inoue K - - 1989
Seven cases of post-transfusion hepatitis type B [PTH(B)] were investigated. PTH(B) developed in 4 patients more than 65 years old and in 4 patients after treatment of a malignant disease (2 cases of gastric cancer and one each of ovarian cancer and chronic myelogenous leukemia, respectively). The mean incubation period ...
Britton L W - - 1989
The risks of homologous blood transfusion are well documented and recently increased with the emergence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Preoperative autologous donation has been suggested to reduce these risks. This is a report concerning 104 consecutive adult autologous donors (group 1) who had an elective cardiac operation. A similar group ...
Korbet S M - - 1989
A number of conditions can contribute to the development of the anemia that inevitably occurs with end-stage renal disease. The primary ones are decreased production of erythropoietin (EPO), decreased response to EPO by the bone marrow, and shortened red cell survival. Dialysis improves hematocrit levels by reducing plasma volume and ...
Raina V - - 1989
A 58 year old woman, with dermatitis herpetiformis was found to have Hodgkin's disease following the discovery of an abdominal mass and splenomegaly. Combination chemotherapy was given. Although the abdominal mass and systemic symptoms resolved, the splenomegaly did not and the patient developed severe prolonged anaemia and pancytopaenia. Splenectomy resulted ...
Glaser A M - - 1989
We reviewed the nuclear medicine files of all patients enrolled in the sickle cell disease clinic who had had scans performed within the previous 5 years. We specifically looked for patterns of tracer uptake in these scans that would correlate with the severe anemia and consequent bone marrow hyperactivity of ...
Cohen R A - - 1989
Serum erythropoietin (Ep) was measured by radioimmunoassay before and 24 hours after therapeutic phlebotomies in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and in normal subjects before and after phlebotomies of comparable volumes. In addition the in vivo oxygen affinity of hemoglobin (P50) was calculated, and red cell indices and 2,3 DPG ...
el-Hazmi M A - - 1989
This study was conducted on 81 children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) from the south-western province of Saudi Arabia. Ten of these children had associated glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency due to the presence of the phenotype 'G-6-PD Mediterranean'. Slightly lower, statistically non significant, values of red blood cell count, total ...
Klimberg I W - - 1989
Autotransfusion is the reinfusion of the patient's own blood. Currently utilized forms include preoperative donation, perioperative hemodilution, and intraoperative salvage. The principal benefit of autotransfusion is a reduction in the complications associated with receipt of homologous blood products. Principal among these are febrile reactions, allergic and hemolytic reactions, alloimmunization, and ...
Goulet J A - - 1989
The cases of 175 consecutive patients who had intraoperative autologous transfusion during revision total hip arthroplasty, an elective operation on the spine, repair of trauma to the spine, or open reduction of a fracture of the acetabulum were reviewed to evaluate the applicability of this technique in orthopaedic operations. A ...
Damyanova L - - 1989
A series of fifty patients presenting ischemic heart disease are studied. As shown by the electropherogram, apart from the basic band of hemoglobin A2, an additional weaker band appears with a diffuse zone between them. The quantity of the entire HbA2-diffuse zone exceeds by 3.8 per cent the total hemoglobin. ...
Matej H - - 1989
In our work we investigated factors which can influence the alloimmunization and especially the ranges of cytotoxic antibodies that develop in patients on dialysis awaiting their first graft. Up to 15 liters of administered blood the proportion of immunized patients is rather stabile, not exceeding 50%. After further transfusions the ...
Gilbert D M - - 1989
A 3-year-old patient with acute myelogenous leukemia developed fever and chills during transfusion of packed red cells. A preliminary workup suggested that a group AB donor unit had been issued to a Group A patient. However, a discrepancy between the ABO group of the original donor unit segment (A) and ...
Arendt T - - 1988
The prognostic significance of splenic follicle (B-lymphocyte compartment) size was studied in 62 patients splenectomized for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Patients with hyperplasia of splenic follicles (mean follicle diameter greater than 500 micron) were more likely to relapse or to develop additional autoimmune disorders than patients without hyperplastic splenic follicles ...
Kamani A A - - 1988
The transfusion experience for a 1-year period (September 1985 to August 1986) at a tertiary referral obstetric hospital was reviewed retrospectively. During the review period 7731 mothers were delivered and 6003 patients (83%) underwent type-and-screen procedures. A total of 1057 units of red blood cells were crossmatched, and 362 of ...
Gonzalez-Redondo J M - - 1988
Analysis of amplified DNA through hybridization with 32P-labelled synthetic oligonucleotide probes has provided data about the molecular abnormality for beta-thalassaemic globin genes present in 32 Black and eight Mediterranean patients with Hb S(C)-beta+-thalassaemia. The patients were categorized according to these beta-thalassaemia mutations, and average haematological and haemoglobin composition data were ...
Adekile A D - - 1988
Serum IgM levels, hepatic histopathology, and response to prolonged proguanil treatment were investigated in 15 patients with sickle cell anaemia (SS), aged 8-15 years, with persistent gross splenomegaly (PGS). They were compared with age- and sex-matched SS patients without splenomegaly and with AA controls. The mean +/- SD serum IgM ...
Vichinsky E - - 1988
Newborn screening for sickle cell disease has been recommended as a method of decreasing patient mortality. However, its effectiveness in accomplishing this has not been reliably measured. To help determine the effectiveness, 10 years of experience in newborn screening have been summarized. The effects of early patient enrollment in a ...
Walker R E - - 1988
We evaluated the development of anemia as part of a trial of zidovudine therapy in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with Kaposi sarcoma. Patients were randomized to one of three treatment groups or a placebo group. Transfusion-requiring anemia (hemoglobin less than 100 g/L) developed in 6 of 15 ...
Rodgers G P - - 1988
To test the hypothesis that microvascular obstruction to blood flow at the level of the arteriole may be significant in individuals with sickle cell anemia, the ophthalmologic effects of orally administered nifedipine were monitored in 11 steady-state patients. Three patients with evidence of acute peripheral retinal arteriolar occlusion displayed a ...
Mallouh A A - - 1988
Reports in the 1970s suggested that acute chest syndrome (ACS) in children with sickle cell disease is usually due to bacterial infection. Studies in adults and more recently in children, however, showed that proved bacterial infection occurs in a minority of these patients and that vascular occlusion is the main ...
Bayoumi R A - - 1988
The clinical, haematological and biochemical features of 50 Sudanese patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) were determined. Of 23 patients with complete family data, 21 had sickle cell anaemia (homozygous HbSS), 2 had sickle-cell/beta+thalassaemia but none had sickle cell/beta Othalassaemia. The remaining 27 patients had HbSS phenotype. 84% of patients ...
Koyanagi N - - 1988
Accessory spleens of 1.5 cm in size were preoperatively identified by the combined use of computerized tomography and splenic scintigraphy in two patients with hematologic diseases. After the accessory spleen had been removed from the first patient, who had persistent hereditary spherocytosis and had undergone a splenectomy 15 months before, ...
Wilimas J A - - 1988
Auditory acuity and central auditory processing were assessed in 22 patients with sickle cell anemia, 13 of whom were chronically transfused, and compared with a control black population. Pure tone air conduction thresholds were within normal limits for all patients, and mean Speech Reception Threshold for each ear was normal ...
Becton D L - - 1988
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a severe multisystem disorder characterized by microangiopathic hemolysis, central nervous system and renal dysfunction, and a very poor prognosis. Recently, however, plasma exchange or infusion therapy has proven effective in the majority of patients with TTP. We report a patient who developed TTP several years ...
Grant I R - - 1988
We report on 106 elective splenectomies performed for haematological disorders between March 1979 and January 1986. The most common indications were immune thrombocytopenic purpura (30 patients) and Hodgkin's disease (19 patients). However, staging laparotomy is no longer performed routinely for patients with Hodgkin's disease and the reasons for this are ...
Wolk M - - 1988
Concentration of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) was measured in the blood of 172 cancer patients with solid tumors. The patients' age groups were compared with matched age groups of normal controls. Above the age of 50, a significant difference was found between patients and normal controls. In 70% of the patients ...
Tardtong P - - 1988
One hundred sixty-four previously transfused patients with T/H disease received one to 136 transfusions with an average of 14.65. Immunization to red blood cell occurred in 14 patients (8.5%). Among these, 11 patients had alloantibody, one patient had autoimmune antibody, and two patients had both alloantibody and autoimmune antibody. The ...
Kalish R J - - 1987
The clinical value of the Coulter S-Plus V three-part leukocyte differential cell count in the preoperative evaluation of 295 patients scheduled for ambulatory surgery was examined. Ninety-five percent of the specimens could be processed by the instrument without further review. Only 11 specimens had abnormal manual differential cell counts. Of ...
Gaston M - - 1987
The Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease (CSSCD) is a multiinstitutional investigation of the natural history of clinical course of sickle cell disease from birth through adulthood. The study is not a trial; rather, it involves data collection at 23 institutions in a uniform, standardized fashion on 3800 patients. Recruitment ...
Altman A - - 1987
The occurrence of cutaneous carcinoma in black patients is an unusual phenomenon, with basal cell carcinoma being particularly uncommon. We present five cases of basal cell epithelioma in black patients collected from the Texas Medical Center to graphically illustrate the varied and often atypical clinical presentations of such tumors. This ...
Adedeji M O - - 1987
Haematological factors in 42 Nigerian patients with homozygous sickle cell disease (SS) and leg ulcers was the subject of this study. The results suggest that this complication is associated with high haemoglobin and low fetal haemoglobin levels. The role of the significantly higher mean platelet count (P less than 0.05) ...
Leibenhaut M H - - 1987
The clinical records of 1,616 patients with previously untreated Hodgkin's disease were reviewed. Forty-nine of these patients (3%) presented with disease limited to sites below the diaphragm and underwent laparotomy as part of their staging evaluation. The clinical and histological characteristics of this group of patients with subdiaphragmatic Hodgkin's disease ...
Wilson R F - - 1987
The case records of 128 patients receiving 129 transfusions of 20 or more units of blood within a 24-hour period at Detroit Receiving Hospital, between August 1980 and August 1985, were reviewed. In patients receiving 20 to 49 units of blood, without pre-existing disease or prolonged shock, the mortality rate ...
Rodgers B M - - 1987
Gaucher's disease is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of beta glucocerebrosidase, resulting in an accumulation of glucocerebroside in the reticuloendothelial system. These patients have massive splenomegaly and bone pain, but may have normal life expectancy. Traditionally, splenectomy has been used to treat hypersplenism, but may be associated with ...
Mitchell C A - - 1987
Four patients with warm type autoimmune hemolytic anemia who failed to respond to steroid therapy received high dose intravenous gammaglobulin (0.2-0.4 g/kg daily) for five days. In one patient hemolysis occurred in association with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and in the others the cause of the hemolysis was not established; two patients ...
Politis C - - 1987
Six patients with thalassaemia major were treated by partial splenic embolisation as an alternative to splenectomy and followed up for five years. Results were compared with those in a matched control group of seven patients treated by splenectomy. All patients treated by partial splenic embolisation showed a reduction in blood ...
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