Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1076
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Scontrini A - - 2009
PURPOSES: To determine whether somatosensory temporal discrimination will reliably detect subclinical sensory impairment in patients with various forms of primary focal dystonia. METHODS: The somatosensory temporal discrimination threshold (STDT) was tested in 82 outpatients affected by cranial, cervical, laryngeal and hand dystonia. Results were compared with those for 61 healthy ...
el-Tantawi Gihan A Younis - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This work aims to determine reliability and diagnostic sensitivity of sensory nerve-conduction study and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) for the assessment of meralgia paraesthetica (MP). METHODS: Thirty-two patients with unilateral MP have been evaluated and compared to 30 control subjects. Sensory nerve-conduction study and SEPs (segmental and dermatomal) of ...
Erkol Gökhan - - 2009
To investigate the association between somatosensory blink reflex (SBR) and peripheral facial palsy (PFP) severity and trigeminal blink reflex (BR) changes in cases with PFP and subsequent postparalytic facial syndrome development (PFS). One hundred and twenty subjects with peripheral facial palsy and post-facial syndrome and 44 age and gender matched ...
Hong Ji Heon - - 2009
No diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study has yet investigated ataxia in diffuse axonal injury (DAI). In the current study, we used DTI to investigate cerebellar peduncle lesions of patients who showed severe ataxia following DAI. Six patients with severe ataxia following DAI and six age-and sex-matched control subjects were recruited. ...
Russo I - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by alterations of the A-T mutated (ATM) gene. Although A-T is a non-curable disease, we, previously, documented a clear improvement of cerebellar functions during a short-term betamethasone trial. The aim of this study was to define the underlying ...
Shin Je-Young - - 2009
The medial vestibulospinal tract (MVST), which descends in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF), may mediate the vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in the contracting sternocleidomastoid muscle. We report herein abnormal VEMPs in a patient with medial medullary infarction (MMI) that appeared to involve the MLF. A patient with infarction involving ...
Retief Chris C Department of Neurology, University of - - 2009
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leuco-encephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary autosomal dominant non-atherosclerotic non-amyloid cerebral arteriopathy. The disease was identified in 1993. We are not aware of reports in the literature of its occurrence in South Africa, and we present the clinical and laboratory features of 5 ...
Zeuner K E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether movement-related cortical potentials (MRCP) provide a physiological correlate that indicates the response to treatment in patients with writer's cramp. METHODS: In 21 patients with writer's cramp, who underwent 4 weeks of limb immobilization followed by re-training for 8 weeks, we recorded MRCPs preceding a self-initiated brisk ...
Shefi Shai - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Erectile dysfunction (ED) following radical prostatectomy is of major concern for both patients and caring physicians. We evaluated the bulbocavernosus reflex latency (BCRL) and amplitude (BCRA) following bilateral nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy (NS-RRP) to predict the response to sildenafil citrate (SC). METHODS: Patients were recruited in our ED clinic ...
Lai S-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sialidosis type 1 (ST-1) is a neurodegenerative disorder with limited long-term follow-up report. This study is to document the chronological profile of ST-1. METHODS: We perform serial analysis of 17 Taiwanese patients with ST-1 focusing on evolution of clinical features, electrophysiological findings, genetic studies, and neuroimage examinations. ...
Cerasa A - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Essential tremor (ET) is a slowly progressive disorder characterized by postural and kinetic tremors most commonly affecting the forearms and hands. Several lines of evidence from physiologic and neuroimaging studies point toward a major role of the cerebellum in this disease. Recently, voxel-based morphometry (VBM) has been ...
Lee Y-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The 'hot cross bun' sign (HCBS), typically seen in the patients with multiple system atrophy, refers to a cruciform hyperintensity in the pons on T2-weighted MRI. Little is known about its pathological basis and prevalence in other degenerative cerebellar diseases and healthy population. We investigate the frequency ...
Chan Y-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We wanted to know whether trapezius motor evoked potentials (MEPs) are helpful in the evaluation of corticospinal (CS) lesions above the fifth cervical segment (C5) and compared trapezius MEP measurements in patients with and without radiological evidence of CS lesions. METHODS: Trapezius MEPs were routinely recorded in all MEP ...
Barreto Simone dos Santos Sdos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: dysarthrias are commonly found in patients with spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA). AIM: to characterize perceptual and acoustic features of speech in three patients with spinocerebellar ataxia and to verify the presence of similar features among these patients. METHOD: speech samples of two males with SCA3 and one male with SCA2 ...
Yýlmaz Süleyman - - 2009
Twenty Parkinson's disease (PD) patients (mean age 69.9 years) and 24 normal individuals' (mean age 63.8) both ears were investigated by brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) and pure tone audiometry (PTA). There were no statistically significant age differences between the patients and control subjects. PTA results were significantly elevated for ...
Rombaux P - - 2009
TOPIC: Olfactory dysfunction may be assessed in the clinic with psychophysical testing and electrophysiological recording. Chemosensory event-related potentials (CSERPs) constitute an objective method to assess chemosensory function. Olfactory and trigeminal stimuli activate chemoreceptors from the olfactory neuroepithelium and from the nasal mucosa to evoke an electrophysiological response respectively called olfactory ...
Robinson Lawrence R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether the rate of stimulation for somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) can influence the presence or absence of cortical responses to median nerve stimulation in comatose patients. If so, this could affect how SEPs are performed and interpreted for prognostication in coma. Our objective was to determine ...
Amantini A - - 2009
AIMS: To monitor acute brain injury in the neurological intensive care unit (NICU), we used EEG and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) in combination to achieve more accuracy in detecting brain function deterioration. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients (head trauma and intracranial hemorrhage; GCS<9) were monitored with continuous EEG-SEP and intracranial pressure monitoring ...
Khedr Eman M - - 2009
Studies examined the neurological involvement of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are limited. This study aimed to assess the frequency of myelopathy, radiculopathy and myopathy in AS correlating them to the clinical, radiological and laboratory parameters. Included were 24 patients with AS. Axial status was assessed using bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index ...
Rico A - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to determine the sensitivity and the profile of motor evoked potentials (MEP) in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). We measured the central motor conduction time (CMCT), amplitude ratio (AR), and surface ratio (SR) in tibialis anterior and ...
Tazir M - - 2009
Ataxia with oculo-motor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is a recently described autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA) caused by mutations in the senataxin gene (SETX). We analysed the phenotypic spectrum of 19 AOA2 patients with mutations in SETX, which seems to be the third most frequent form of ARCA in Algeria ...
Menon Ramshekhar
We report an unusual case of sporadic adult onset cerebellar ataxia with hypogonadism. A 40-year-old unmarried man presented with progressive ataxia and dysarthria along with complaints of non-development of secondary sexual characteristics and erectile dysfunction. There were complaints of intermittent diarrhea. Clinical examination revealed a pan-cerebellar syndrome with features of ...
Ponziani Francesca Romana - - 2009
Viral hepatitis is a major health problem worldwide, the principal cause of cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma. Once cirrhosis occurs, the consequences of liver dysfunction and portal hypertension become evident and, sometimes, life threatening for patients. Among the various complications of liver cirrhosis, the alteration of haemostatic balance is often a hard ...
Rothstein Ted L - - 2009
The early recognition of comatose patients with a hopeless prognosis--regardless of how aggressively they are managed--is of utmost importance. Median somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) supplement and enhance neurological examination findings in anoxic-ischemic coma and are useful as an early guide in predicting outcome. The key finding is that bilateral absence ...
Teo J T H - - 2009
Recent studies have suggested that there may be functional and structural changes in the cerebellum of patients with adult onset primary focal dystonia. The aim of this study was to establish whether there is any neurophysiological indicator of abnormal cerebellar function, using the classic eyeblink conditioning paradigm. This paradigm at ...
Menon Ramshekhar N - - 2009
We report an unusual case of sporadic adult onset cerebellar ataxia with hypogonadism. A 40-year-old unmarried man presented with progressive ataxia and dysarthria along with complaints of non-development of secondary sexual characteristics and erectile dysfunction. There were complaints of intermittent diarrhea. Clinical examination revealed a pan-cerebellar syndrome with features of ...
van der Salm S M A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate cortical excitability in patients with DYT 11 positive Myoclonus-Dystonia (M-D), using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS: Silent period, motor evoked potential (MEP) recruitment curve, short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI), intracortical facilitation (ICF) and short interval intracortical facilitation (SICF), with short ...
Lao Miko L M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both balance control dysfunction and dysfunction of the central nervous system have been proposed as being causative factors in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), yet the relationship between these factors has not been investigated in detail. An intergroup comparative study was conducted to investigate the effect of abnormal somatosensory function ...
Qin Pengmin - - 2008
Previous studies implicated potential value of mismatch negativity (MMN) in predicting recovery of consciousness in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). We have adopted a novel MMN evoked by subject's own name (SON), a self-referential stimulus thought to be powerful in evoking residual brain activity, and examined the correlation between ...
Sasaki Masayuki - - 2009
Three unrelated Japanese patients who presented with ataxia and mild mental retardation were examined in this study. Early development was normal in two patients and slightly delayed in one. All could walk independently, but were unstable due to cerebellar ataxia. They had mild intellectual retardation and displayed slow, progressive, and ...
Misra Usha Kant - - 2008
This study evaluates the clinical spectrum of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) and correlates it with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and somatosensory-evoked potential (SEP) changes. Thirty-one consecutive CPSP patients whose median age was 51 years were evaluated and subjected to quantitative sensory testing and median and tibial SEPs. Cranial MRI abnormalities ...
Ergun Ufuk - - 2008
To investigate whether visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are valuable for distinguishing between brucellosis with or without neurological involvement. A total of 23 patients who were admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, and Neurology, Ministry of Health Ankara Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey between December 2004 and ...
Turker Hande - - 2008
Behcet's disease, a multisystemic vascular inflammatory disorder of unknown origin, is relatively rare and central nervous system involvement is seen in 5% of affected individuals. This form of the disease, called as neurobehcet's disease (NB), can be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS), a demyelinating disorder of central nervous system, so ...
Prokhorenko Olga A - - 2008
Evidence suggests that sensory loss may occur in a proportion of patients affected by poliomyelitis. We hypothesize that sensory problems may be a lasting sequela in some polio survivors. Sensory pathways in polio survivors were evaluated clinically and electrophysiologically using sensory evoked potentials (SEPs). Patients with sensory deficits or abnormal ...
Gupta Prem Parkash - - 2008
Though there are few studies addressing brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), subclinical BAEP abnormalities in stable COPD patients have not been studied. The present study aimed to evaluate the BAEP abnormalities in this study group. In the present study, 80 male subjects ...
Rombaux Ph - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There are mutual interactions between the olfactory and trigeminal systems. The purpose of this study was (1) to assess trigeminal sensitivity using chemosensory event-related potentials (CSERPs) in patients with olfactory dysfunction and (2) to evaluate whether trigeminal ERPs were different with regard to the presence or absence of olfactory ...
Karaci Rah┼čan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The principal features of the cerebellar infarcts are ataxia, failure of coordination, gait instability, and articulation and eye movement disabilities. Language disabilities are also seen with cerebellar lesions, but there are difficulties in diagnosis. This study was planned to evaluate the effects of cerebellar lesions on language functions and ...
Fischer Catherine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess patterns of novelty P3 elicited by the subject's own name (SON) in comatose patients and to compare SON novelty P3 prognostic value with that of mismatch negativity (MMN). METHODS: A passive oddball paradigm, previously validated in healthy subjects, including duration deviants and SON presented as a novel ...
Schmitz-Hübsch T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of functional measures in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). METHODS: We assessed three functional measures-8 m walking time (8MW), 9-hole peg test (9HPT), and PATA repetition rate-in 412 patients with autosomal dominant SCA (genotypes 1, 2, 3, and 6) in a multicenter trial. RESULTS: While ...
Bour L J - - 2008
In the present study, eye movements are recorded in two patient groups with an autosomal dominantly inherited cerebellar disorder, i.e. spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) and familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy (FCMTE). In SCA6 and FCMTE patients striking similarities with the extensive Purkinje cell changes in the cerebellar cortex ...
Liao Ke - - 2008
Falls pose an important problem to neurologists caring for patients with cerebellar disorders. Normal human gait is characterized by prominent up-and-down linear head movements (vertical translations). Thus, we asked whether patients with cerebellar gait ataxia showed abnormal responses of otolithic vestibuloocular reflexes to this motion. Compared with healthy subjects, all ...
Anheim Mathieu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by SETX mutations in 9q34 resulting in cerebellar ataxia in association with peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar atrophy on imaging, an elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum level, and occasional oculomotor apraxia. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and molecular findings ...
Shimazaki Haruo - - 2008
The authors describe a large Iranian family with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, which included 14 patients in four generations. We examined seven patients who had expanded CAG repeats in the CACNA1A gene with repeat instability (24 and 25 repeats). Although all patients showed cerebellar ataxia, each patient exhibited peripheral neuropathy ...
Mutesa Léon - - 2008
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease that results from the expansion of an unstable trinucleotide CAG repeat encoding for a polyglutamine tract. In normal individuals, alleles contain between 14 and 31 CAG repeats, whereas the pathological alleles have more than 35 CAG repeats. The clinical ...
Goodman B P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Copper deficiency is an increasingly recognised cause of neurological impairment. This retrospective review highlights clinical and electrodiagnostic findings in patients diagnosed at our institution with copper deficiency. METHODS: Clinical, radiographic and electrodiagnostic findings were reviewed in patients with evidence of copper deficiency. Patients with other potential causes of myelopathy ...
Greco Filippo - - 2008
Human parvovirus B19 generally causes erythema infectiosum in childhood, but it can be associated with unusual findings, particularly in immunocompromised patients. This is a report about an immunocompetent 4-year-old female child affected with acute encephalitis by parvovirus B19, documented by polymerase chain reaction performed on cerebrospinal fluid, who was treated ...
Yukawa Eiichi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether visual field defects can be objectively evaluated using multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEPs) in patients with intracranial disease complicated by mental disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: First, to determine the normal pattern of mfVEPs, recordings were performed using a VERIS Junior Science recording apparatus (Mayo, Aichi, Japan) ...
Soysal Aysun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the disease stage and therapy on motor cortical excitability in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Twenty newly diagnosed and medication-free, early stage patients, 20 late stage patients under antiparkinsonian therapy and 20 normal healthy controls were included. Motor threshold (MT), amplitudes of motor evoked potential ...
Choi Kwang-Dong KD Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 463-707, South - - 2008
To determine the adaptive capability of saccadic eye movements, and its association with enduring saccadic dysmetria in cerebellar and lateral medullary infarction (LMI), we investigated saccadic accuracy and adaptation in 15 patients with cerebellar or lateral medullary infarction, compared with those of 7 patients with diffuse cerebellar atrophy and 11 ...
Cavenaghi Simone - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rectoanal inhibitory reflex is not always evident in patients with chagasic megacolon. This may be due to insufficient volumes of air used during insufflation for the manometric examination. AIMS: To identify the volume of air necessary to induce rectoanal inhibitory reflex in patients with chagasic megacolon and to observe ...
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