Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1077
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Tim R W - - 1994
We compared changes in amplitude and area of surface recorded compound motor action potentials (CMAPs) during 20-Hz repetitive nerve stimulation and after maximum voluntary contraction in patients with the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS), myasthenia gravis (MG), and normal controls. There was greater potentiation of CMAP amplitude after voluntary contraction than ...
Misra U K - - 1994
Sixteen patients with lathyrism, age ranging between 18 and 55 years and duration of illness between 2 and 25 years, underwent H reflex studies with the aim of studying motor neurone excitability. The patients had marked spasticity (Ashworth score ranging between 2 and 5) and mild to moderate leg weakness. ...
Sözay S S Ba┼čkent Univ. Hospital, Ankara, - - 1994
Hyperthyroidism is a common endocrinologic disorder affecting many organ systems. Musculoskeletal and neurological involvement present themselves as fatigue, muscle weakness and paralysis. Electromyography (EMG) is essential for differential diagnosis of muscle weakness. Well defined neuropathy and myopathy have been described in these patients. In the present study 17 hyperthyroid patients ...
Shintani S - - 1994
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We conducted this retrospective study to evaluate the clinical, neuroradiological, and neurophysiological findings in patients with pure sensory stroke due to pontine lacuna. SUMMARY OF REPORT: Four patients with pontine lacuna, three men and one woman (mean age, 64.5 years; range, 55 to 75 years), were evaluated. ...
Stigsby B - - 1994
We studied 54 patients with Behçet's disease, 41 males and 13 females, mean age 28 years. Forty-four patients had auditory brain-stem evoked potential (BAEP) recordings, 39 had pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), 27 had median nerve somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings, and 25 tibial nerve SEPs. BAEPs were abnormal ...
Makkar R K - - 1994
Somatosensory evoked potentials, sensory and motor nerve conduction velocity were studied in 25 patients of chronic renal failure and the results were compared with 15 healthy persons. The values more than +/- 3 S.D. were considered abnormal. SNCV was reduced in 11/25 patients; average reduction being 18 m/s (highly significant, ...
Segura M J - - 1994
Conduction in the Pyramidal Tracts (PTs) was studied in 30 healthy volunteers and 17 patients with definite Multiple Sclerosis. Central motor conduction time (CMCT) was assessed employing unipolar electrical transcranial stimulation and studies of the peripheral conduction time. Fourteen out of the seventeen studied patients showed CMCT abnormalities. No significative ...
Mäkelä J P - - 1994
We studied a patient with a communicating hydrocephalus using a whole-head neuromagnetometer. Auditory evoked fields (AEFs) were elicited with 600 ms tones, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz in frequency. The source locations were more superficial and posterior in the patient than in controls, but still agreed with activation ...
Daras M - - 1994
Brainstem involvement by Toxoplasma gondii is probably more common than other opportunistic infections, although it has not received adequate attention. Identification of toxoplasmosis is essential, as this condition responds to treatment with a significant increase in life expectancy. During the past 4 years, 366 AIDS patients with central nervous system ...
Arendt G - - 1994
19 patients with a neurological manifestation of Wilson's disease (WD), most of them with long-term disease (> 10 yr), underwent clinical, psychometrical and electrophysiological evaluation in order to test whether there is a correlation of psychometrical and evoked potential (EP) abnormalities with a semiquantitative clinical score ranging from no (0) ...
Smith D C - - 1994
We have examined the correlation between the evoked electromyographic response in the first dorsal interosseous muscle of the hand, temperature and forearm position in 40 female patients after enflurane anaesthesia with spontaneous breathing. In 20 patients the supinated forearm with the wrist extended was immobilized on an armboard with adhesive ...
Zentner J - - 1994
Somatosensory and motor evoked potentials (SEP and MEP) were examined in a total of 254 comatose patients in the acute phase (n = 254) and during the course of the disease (n = 67). It was the aim of this study to define the prognostic value as well as the ...
Bu-Saba N Y - - 1994
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) is a good screening test for cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors and other retrocochlear diseases. The pathologic correlates of many cases with positive ABR remain unknown. A two-staged clinical study was performed to help us understand the significance of a false-positive ABR. In the first stage, data ...
Milanov I - - 1994
The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain a complex of electromyographic methods suitable for evaluation of the basic segmental pathophysiological mechanisms of spasticity. Clinical and electromyographic examinations were performed on 120 patients with spastic hemiparesis after stroke. Patients muscle tone, muscle force and tendon reflexes were assessed by the ...
Schwender D - - 1994
BACKGROUND: A high incidence of intraoperative awareness during cardiac surgery has been reported. Midlatency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEP) have been used recently as an indicator of awareness. In the current study, memory for information presented during anesthesia was investigated using MLAEP as one experimental indicator in 45 patients scheduled for ...
Kuruoglu H R - - 1994
We studied the tendon reflex (T-reflex) in 26 patients with acquired chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy (CDN), including 22 with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). In 7 patients reflexes were brisk or normal on clinical testing. The height adjusted T-reflex was abnormal in 25 (96%) cases, including 6 of 7 patients with ...
Bouzas E A - - 1994
PURPOSE: To explore the abnormal crossing of the retinogeniculate pathways in human albinos with visual-evoked potentials (VEPs). METHODS: The authors studied the symmetry of the topographic distribution of pattern onset/offset VEPs over the posterior part of the scalp elicited by monocular stimulation of each eye in 31 consecutive patients with ...
Lanzillo B - - 1994
A multimodal electrophysiological study, including median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs), motor cortical stimulation (CS) and brainstem evoked potentials (BAEPs), was performed on 34 patients with hereditary ataxias (HAs): 15 with Friedreich's disease (FD), 10 with early onset cerebellar ataxia (EOCA), and 9 with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA). A ...
Courchesne E - - 1994
Infantile autism is a neurologic disorder of social, cognitive, and language development. Earlier MRI studies found hypoplasia of posterior vermal lobules VI and VII and cerebellar hemispheres in the majority of autistic patients, and recent autopsy analyses find severe Purkinje neuron loss in the posterior vermis (lobules VI and VII ...
Ackermann H - - 1994
Acoustic analysis of vocal instability during the production of isolated vowels, including computation of mean fundamental frequency (F0), period-to-period variability (jitter), pitch fluctuations, and between-trial variation of F0, was performed in 20 patients with cerebellar cortical dysfunction. Eleven subjects suffered from purely cerebellar atrophy (CA). In the remaining 9 patients ...
Fetter M - - 1994
Extensive oculomotor testing and quantitative MRI evaluation was performed in seven patients with idiopathic cerebellar ataxia without extracerebellar symptoms (IDCA-C) and in ten patients with additional extracerebellar symptoms (IDCA-P). The most severe oculomotor deficits were disturbed smooth pursuit, optokinetic nystagmus and suppression of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). The symptoms correlated ...
Tavy D L - - 1994
Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were studied in 28 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. MEPs after cortical stimulation were abnormal in 27 patients, the responses in the leg muscles being affected the most often. Clinically asymptomatic motor lesions were detected in 7 patients (25%). The central motor conduction time (CMCT) for ...
Baumgaertner M R - - 1994
Forty-one consecutive patients requiring surgery for pelvic or acetabular fractures were reviewed to compare the 20 patients (20 fractures) who had SSEP monitoring to the twenty-one patients (22 fractures) in whom monitoring was not available. In the unmonitored group, five patients had a preoperative neurologic deficit (three major/two minor), whereas ...
Chu N S - - 1994
Blink reflex and brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) were studied in 10 patients with Wilson's disease (WD) and 10 family members. In blink reflex, R1 and R2 latencies as well as R2 duration were prolonged in the patient group, but not in the family group. In BAEP, latencies of peaks ...
Onofrj M - - 1994
Event related potentials (ERPs) to an auditory odd-ball paradigm were recorded with the linked earlobe reference (LER) and with a computer calculated average reference (AR), excluding the two linked earlobe derivations. The study was performed in 30 patients with lesions of frontal, parietal, occipital cortex, unilateral and bilateral lesions of ...
Luef G - - 1994
Mild overdosage of phenytoin produces reversible cerebellar symptoms (nystagmus, double vision, dysarthria and ataxia). Several case reports suggest that relatively mild and relatively short intoxication can lead to cerebellar degeneration. We observed 11 patients who had episodes of abnormally increased serum levels, most of which developed clinical signs of cerebellar ...
Inghilleri M - - 1994
Muscle responses (MEPs) to transcranial electrical stimulation were studied in 7 patients with apallic syndrome. All the patients showed clinical signs of upper motor neurone impairment in the upper and lower limbs. MEPs were absent or markedly delayed in 4 of the 7 patients. Since patients with apallic syndrome show ...
Meincke U - - 1993
The electrically elicited blink reflex was investigated in 25 patients with ischaemic lesions of the pons or the medulla oblongata. Only patients with a lesion on MRI appropriate to the clinical syndrome were included. Twenty patients had an infarction of the pons, bilateral in 5. Additional 5 patients had an ...
Wong V - - 1993
Neurophysiologic investigations were performed in 34 Chinese patients with beta-thalassemia major maintained on long-term desferrioxamine treatment to look for subclinical toxicity in the auditory, visual, peripheral, or central neural pathways. In the auditory pathway study, four patients (12%) had mild sensorineural hearing impairment. Two patients (6%) had increased P 100 ...
Huttunen J - - 1993
We recorded cortical frontal, central, and parietal somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in 9 patients with hemiparkinsonism and in a group of 25 healthy volunteers. No differences were observed in the SEPs recorded after stimulation of the asymptomatic and symptomatic sides in the patients. Likewise, comparison with the healthy controls did ...
Drory V E - - 1993
F-waves were analyzed in 40 patients shortly following the onset of moderate to severe flaccid hemiparesis due to hemispheric strokes. The test was repeated in 25 patients three or more months later. F-waves were recorded following trains of 20 stimuli from the ulnar and common peroneal nerves bilaterally. The persistence, ...
Tachibana H - - 1993
We measured the visual event-related potentials (ERPs) and reaction time (RT) in 31 patients with multiple lacunar infarcts and 18 age-equivalent normal subjects. The N2 and RT latencies of the patients were significantly longer than those of normal subjects, although P2 and P3 latencies did not differ between the two ...
McCance D R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between sensory modalities of neurological function and antecedent glycemic control in IDDM patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Examinations were conducted on 220 IDDM patients (age at onset < 25 yr, duration < 18 yr) for the presence or absence of the right or left ankle ...
Elkhatieb A - - 1993
To determine middle ear pressure (MEP) changes during natural rhinovirus colds, adults with illness for < or = 3 days were tested by digital tympanometer daily for 5 days (study 1) or every other day for 7 days (study 2). Abnormal MEPs (< -50 or > +20 mm H2O) were ...
Jones S J - - 1993
Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were compared among six groups of patients tested at various times after an episode of acute unilateral optic neuritis (ON). The incidence of abnormalities ranged from above 90% in patients tested during the first 6 months to about 70% when more than 2 years had elapsed. ...
Tarkka I M - - 1993
We studied the topographic distribution of scalp-recorded, averaged movement-related cortical potentials occurring immediately before and after the onset of voluntary movements in six patients with cerebellar degenerative disease. We placed 26 electrodes on the scalp overlying the sensorimotor area and recorded cortical potentials related to abduction of the index finger. ...
Krieger D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To establish valid prognostic parameters in patients with acute basilar artery occlusive disease. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Neurocritical care unit at the University of Heidelberg. PATIENTS: Twenty-three patients (12 male, 11 female; 32 to 69 yrs of age, median 54) with acute basilar occlusions. INTERVENTIONS: Angiography, brainstem auditory ...
Hesselmans L F - - 1993
Twenty four patients with motor neuron disease (MND) participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with the ACTH 4-9 analog, Org 2766. Patients were examined three times during an 8 week treatment period, using a summated score for several manually and functionally tested muscles (sum score), myometry, jitter, fibre density (FD), ...
Krieger D - - 1993
Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) have been used to gauge effects of brain-stem dysfunction in humans and animal models. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of BAEP in monitoring patients undergoing decompressive surgery of the posterior fossa for space occupying cerebellar infarcts. We report on serial ...
Sgro J A - - 1993
We utilized somatosensory evoked potentials to evaluate 33 patients with status epilepticus who did not have focal neurological etiologies. Eighteen percent of the patients had conventional stimulation evoked potential abnormalities at or above the P14 lemniscal level. Evoked potential abnormalities in this population showed a statistically significant correlation with a ...
Aalfs C M - - 1993
Clinical and neurophysiological examinations were performed on seven patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia and on eight patients with primary lateral sclerosis. The results were compared with those obtained from a group of 39 control subjects. Prolonged latency times and decreased amplitudes of the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) somatosensory evoked potentials ...
Kakigi R - - 1993
We examined pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (PRVEPs) in 36 adult patients with Down's syndrome, and analyzed the effects of the ophthalmological abnormalities on results of PRVEPs. The P100 latency was significantly delayed in 24 eyes of 16 patients. The P100 latency was significantly longer and its amplitude was significantly smaller ...
Testa D - - 1993
Probable or possible multiple system atrophy (MSA) was diagnosed on strict clinical criteria in 42 patients: 20 with combined parkinsonism and cerebellar ataxia, 9 with striatonigral degeneration (SND) and 13 with olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA). All patients were then studied with 0.5 and/or 1.5 Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) units. MR imaged ...
Topçu M - - 1993
A prospective evaluation was made in a total of 19 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) by neurologic examination, visual evoked potentials (VEP), brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) during the acute phase of the disease, three weeks later, and then again three months after the onset ...
Trenkwalder C - - 1993
Patients with idiopathic and symptomatic restless legs syndrome (RLS) suffer from "dyskinesia while awake" or "daytime myoclonus" when at rest preceded by sensory symptoms. In order to characterise the RLS either as reflex movement or as voluntary movement we measured movement-related cortical potentials in 5 idiopathic and 8 uraemic RLS ...
He F - - 1993
The median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP), pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), and brain stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) were studied in 109 healthy adults and in 88 patients with acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. The upper limits for normal values of peak and interpeak latencies of multimodalities of ...
Tsuji S - - 1993
We applied twin coil magnetic stimulation to thoracic and lumbar roots to evaluate the posterior column function in 50 normal subjects and 34 patients with neurologic disorders. In all nine patients with cervical myelopathy, there were abnormal somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) with stimulation of upper thoracic levels. In 14 patients ...
Wüllner U - - 1993
We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study brain and spinal cord morphology in hereditary and idiopathic ataxia. Our interest was in whether the classical neuropathologic categories--cerebellar cortical atrophy (CCA), olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA), and spinal atrophy (SA)--could be identified in vivo and which clinical phenotype corresponded to which morphologic category. ...
Wessel K - - 1993
The follow-up of neurophysiological tests (brain-stem auditory evoked potentials; blink reflex; sensory, motor and visual evoked potentials) and CT was investigated in 21 patients with late-onset cerebellar ataxia (CA) or multiple system atrophy. The study included an initial investigation and a follow-up examination on average 25.3 months later (minimum 8, ...
Klockgether T - - 1993
We examined 11 adult patients with cerebellar encephalitis (CE) during the acute phase of the disease and at least 12 months later. Five patients were aged between 23 and 31 years, 3 patients between 43 and 44 years and 3 patients between 60 and 64 years. Serological tests gave evidence ...
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