Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 17757
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Moon Daniel K DK Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (D.K.M., C.A.G., H.A., and M.B.D.), Pediatrics (C.A.G.), Neurology (C.A.G.), and Radiology (M.J.S. and P.K.C.), Washington University School of Medicine, 1 Children's Place, Suite 4S-60, St. Louis, MO 62110. E-mail address for M.B. Dobbs: - - 2014
Clubfoot treatment commonly fails and often results in impaired quality of life. An understanding of the soft-tissue abnormalities associated with both treatment-responsive and treatment-resistant clubfoot is important to improving the diagnosis of clubfoot, the prognosis for patients, and treatment. Twenty patients with clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method were recruited ...
Donadio Vincenzo V From IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche (V.D., R.L., S.V., F.P., V.L., M.P.G., A.B., G.P.), Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (R.L., S.V., F.P., M.P.G., G.P.), Università di Bologna, Italy; and Centre de Référence National sur les Maladies Rares (Y.D.), Service de Neurologie, Unité des Troubles du Sommeil, Hôpital Gui-de-Chauliac, INSERM U1061, Montpellier, France. - - 2014
Conflicting data have been reported on resting autonomic tone in narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC), including reduced or increased sympathetic activity; to settle this important point, we aimed to measure the resting sympathetic and cardiovascular activities in patients with NC by direct microneurographic monitoring of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during ...
Wang Pian P Department of Neurology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, - - 2014
Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent type of primary headache. Many studies have shown that the pathogenesis of primary headache is associated with fine structural or functional changes. However, these studies were mainly based on migraine. The present study aimed to investigate whether TTH patients show functional disturbances compared ...
Pedersen Charlotte - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the risk of administration of β-blockers, contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) and trend in x-rays use, during coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Methods: A total of 416 patients were referred for elective CCTA. To achieve a resting heart rate below 60 beats per minute oral and / ...
Inoue Hiroshi H Second Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama University - - 2014
Background:It is disputed whether the risk of cardiogenic embolism varies with type of atrial fibrillation (AF). Although several studies have found that the risk of cardiogenic embolism was similar among paroxysmal and persistent/permanent AF, a few studies have found that patients with paroxysmal AF had a lower rate of stroke ...
Nielsen Vance G VG aDepartment of Anesthesiology bDepartment of Surgery, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2014
Morbid obesity is associated with significant thrombophilia. Of interest, adipocytes obtained from obese patients have increased heme oxygenase (Hmox) activity, the endogenous enzyme responsible for carbon monoxide (CO) production. Given that CO enhances plasmatic coagulation, we determined whether morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery had an increase in endogenous CO ...
Gigante Antonietta A Antonietta Gigante, Gianluca Di Lazzaro Giraldi, Maria Ludovica Gasperini, Biagio Barbano, Marta Liberatori, Liborio Sardo, Francesca Di Mario, Antonella Giorgi, Filippo Rossi-Fanelli, Antonio Amoroso, Department of Clinical Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, 00185 Rome, - - 2014
The administration of statins in patients with liver disease is not an absolute contraindication. Hepatotoxicity is a rare and often dose-related event and in the literature there are only a few described cases of fatal rhabdomyolysis in patients with chronic liver disease after statin administration. During treatment with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A ...
Cigic Livia L Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Study of Dental Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Split, Soltanska 2, 21000, Split, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in patients with erosive and reticular form of oral lichen planus (OLP) compared to healthy controls. Tissue transglutaminase antibodies (anti-tTG) and antibodies against gliadin (AGA) were measured in the sera from 56 OLP patients and 57 ...
Yun Seong Eun SE Department of Internal Medicine, Changwon Fatima Hospital, Changwon, South - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) can occur in various infectious conditions. Liver abscess is relatively rare, but can lead to sepsis and/or other severe complications. Few studies of AKI in patients with a liver abscess have been conducted. Therefore, we analyzed the clinical and laboratory data of AKI in patients with ...
Benke Thomas T Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Background: Patient dependence has rarely been studied in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). Objective: To identify factors which predict patient dependence in mild-to-moderate AD. Methods: We studied 398 non-institutionalized AD patients (234 females) of the ongoing Prospective Registry on Dementia (PRODEM) in Austria. The Dependence Scale (DS) was used to assess ...
An Jihyun J Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
-There is conflict regarding the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of silent CAD compared with the general population, and to identify the relevant risk factors in LC patients. -This retrospective study included 1,045 prospectively registered consecutive ...
de Cassia Gengo E Silva Rita R Medical Surgical Department, School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
We verified whether vascular reactivity is impaired and whether there is any association between vascular reactivity, walking ability, and peripheral artery disease (PAD) severity in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). We studied 63 patients and 17 age- and sex-matched volunteers without PAD. Vascular reactivity was evaluated in the brachial artery ...
Lee Brian J BJ Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan; and Department of Surgery, Ann Arbor Veteran's Administration Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
To investigate the phenotypic and functional characteristics of peripheral and tissue-infiltrating stem cells called fibrocytes in patients with idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI). Seven patients with IOI were studied. In the 3 patients requiring orbital biopsy, fibrocytes were identified in orbital tissue from patients with IOI compared with healthy controls using ...
Rodríguez-Martínez Alejandro A Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, - - 2014
Heterotopic gastric mucosa is found in the proximal oesophagus, just below the upper oesophageal sphincter, and is encountered when the oesophagus is examined carefully during endoscopy. In this study on paediatric patients, we aimed to determine the endoscopic prevalence of heterotopic gastric mucosa of the proximal oesophagus (HGMPO), to identify ...
Cardenas Jessica C JC From the Department of Surgery and The Center for Translational Injury Research, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, - - 2014
Thrombin is the central coagulation protease that activates clotting proteins, triggers platelet aggregation, and converts fibrinogen to fibrin. Relationships between thrombin generation (TG) and clinical outcomes have not been defined following trauma. We hypothesize that TG is predictive of transfusion requirements and patient outcomes. Plasma was collected from 406 highest-level ...
Howard Benjamin M BM From the Department of Surgery, San Francisco General Hospital and the University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
The effects of alcohol on coagulation after trauma remain unclear. In vitro studies show that alcohol may decrease clot strength and inhibit fibrinolysis. Observational data indicate that alcohol leads to altered thromboelastography (TEG) parameters indicative of impaired clot formation. Clinical studies have been inconclusive to date. Longitudinal plasma samples were ...
Takahashi Yasuhiro Y Department of Ophthalmology, Aichi Medical University, Aichi, - - 2014
To examine clinical findings on meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in patients with unilateral cranial nerve VII (CN VII) palsy. This prospective observational study included 35 patients with unilateral CN VII palsy. The following features were compared between the affected and the unaffected sides: incidence of eyelid abnormalities (irregular eyelid margin, ...
Nomura Eiichi E Department of Neurology, Suiseikai Kajikawa Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The timing of warfarin administration for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with atrial fibrillation (Af) has not been established. We hypothesized that achieving targeted prothrombin time and international normalized ratio (PT-INR) at 2 weeks could prevent AIS patients with Af from developing a new lesion on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI). ...
Messenger Shelly S Peritoneal Dialysis Unit, Royal Columbian Hospital, Fraser Health Authority, New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if there is an improvement in the number of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients who meet target goals for serum phosphorus and parathyroid hormone (iPTH) after the implementation of a dietitian led mineral metabolism protocol. Retrospective, comparative, analytic study. Fraser Health Authority PD units in Abbotsford and New Westminster, ...
García-Martín Antonia A Unidad de Metabolismo Óseo, Servicio de Endocrinología, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, España; Sección de Endocrinología, Hospital Comarcal del Noroeste, Murcia, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), even asymptomatic, have an increased cardiovascular risk. However, data on reversibility or improvement of cardiovascular disorders with surgery are controversial. Our aims were to assess the prevalence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in patients with asymptomatic PHP, to explore their relationship with calcium and PTH ...
Berry Mark F MF Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated the association of respiratory complications and amiodarone use in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) after major lung resection. Outcomes of patients who had postoperative AF treated with or without amiodarone after lobectomy, bilobectomy, or pneumonectomy at a single institution between 2003 and 2010 were evaluated using multivariable logistic ...
Gaudron Marie M Service de neurologie, hôpital Bretonneau, CHRU Tours, TOURS Cedex 9, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Echocardiography is routinely used to identify potential cardiac sources of embolism (CSE) in the acute phase of ischemic stroke (IS). We know that transoesophageal echography (TEE) is superior to detect CSE than transthoracic echography (TTE). However, the indications of each technique remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield ...
Cuppari Lilian L Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Graduation Program on Nutrition, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Subjective global assessment (SGA) has been demonstrated to be a reliable method for protein-energy wasting (PEW) evaluation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis. Few data are available on PEW evaluation in nondialysis stages of CKD, and the validity of SGA has been scarcely investigated in this population. Herein, ...
Wolter Nikolaus E NE Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical value of polysomnography in patients with a tracheotomy due to chronic upper airway obstruction prior to attempting decannulation. Retrospective chart review. Subjects with chronic upper airway obstruction were identified using a clinical database between 2000 and 2014. All subjects had a tracheotomy, were assessed by the ...
Santana-de Anda Karina K Department of Immunology and Rheumatology. Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición, Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. Vasco de Quiroga 15, Tlalpan 14000, Mexico City, - - 2014
Many genetic studies have found association between interferon regulatory factors (IRF) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), however specific DC alterations have not been assesed. The aim of the present study was to address the expression of IRF3 and 5 on different DC subsets from SLE patients, ...
Horvath Bela B Department of Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States of - - 2014
Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) are at increased risk for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and therefore require surveillance. Biopsies are classified as indefinite for dysplasia (IND) when the significance of epithelial abnormalities is uncertain due to inflammation or sampling. Our aim was to characterize the neoplastic risk of IND in BE ...
Frazzoni M M Digestive Pathophysiology Unit, Baggiovara Hospital, Modena, - - 2014
Pathophysiological mechanisms associated with neoplastic progression in patients with short-segment Barrett's oesophagus (SSBO), who represent the vast majority of the Barrett population, have not been defined. To evaluate pathophysiological characteristics of patients with SSBO and dysplasia detected at 3-year surveillance endoscopy (incident dysplasia). Patients with SSBO underwent impedance-pH monitoring during ...
Ahmed S F SF Department of Physical Medicine, Rheumatology, and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
YKL-40 may be involved in angiogenesis in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). High-resolution power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) can detect angiogenesis of synovium in PsA. To assess serum YKL-40 in psoriasis patients with or without PsA, and to correlate its levels with disease activity and high-resolution PDUS findings. In this case-control ...
Campenni Alfredo A University of Messina, Department of Radiological Sciences, Nuclear Medicine Unit , via Consolare Valeria , Messina, Italy , 98125 , 0902212924 ; - - 2014
Background: Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is the most common endocrine malignancy. In recent decades, the incidence has been increasing largely due to increased detection of patients with low-risk or very low risk DTC. According to European Thyroid Association and American Thyroid Association guidelines, radioiodine thyroid remnant ablation is not indicated ...
Patel Nitin J NJ Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, - - 2014
To study the sensitivity and specificity of physical examination, ultrasound (US) alone, and sonopalpation (concurrent US and transoral palpation) for identification of submandibular gland (SMG) calculi. Case series with prospective data collection. Tertiary-level academic center. Patients with suspected SMG swelling were examined by physical examination, US alone, and sonopalpation. The ...
Otunctemur A A Department of Urology, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Endothelial dysfunction and microvascular damage play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction (ED). Lp-PLA2 is a calcium-independent member of the phospholipase A2 family and hydrolyses oxidised phospholipids on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles that plays a pivotal role in ox-LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of the current study ...
Nicolson William B WB Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK NIHR Leicester Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, UK University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2014
To improve prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Electrical heterogeneity is known to contribute to risk of SCD. We have previously developed Regional Restitution Instability Index (R2I2), an ECG-based biomarker, which quantifies cardiac electrical instability by measuring heterogeneity in electrical restitution, and demonstrated its ...
Laible M M Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a higher risk of stroke and atrial fibrillation (AF). There are limited data on the comorbidity of renal dysfunction and AF in stroke patients. Our aim was to determine the frequency of kidney dysfunction in ischaemic stroke patients with and without AF. In ...
Maia Luís F LF Unidade Corino de Andrade, Hospital de Santo António, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital de Santo António, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal Department of Cellular Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, Tübingen, - - 2014
Since liver transplant (LT) was introduced to treat patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy carrying the V30M mutation (ATTR-V30M), ocular and cardiac complications have developed. Long-term central nervous system (CNS) involvement was not investigated. Our goals were to: (1) identify and characterise focal neurological episodes (FNEs) due to CNS dysfunction in ...
Ng Jason J Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traditional mapping of atrial fibrillation (AF) is limited by changing electrogram morphologies and variable cycle lengths. We tested the hypothesis that morphology recurrence plot analysis would identify sites of stable and repeatable electrogram morphology patterns. AF electrograms recorded from left atrial (LA) and right atrial (RA) sites in 19 patients ...
Kopecna Dita - - 2014
Objectives: To evaluate the interobserver reliability of echocardiographic findings of right ventricle (RV) dysfunction for prognosticating normotensive patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). A central panel of cardiologists evaluated echocardiographic studies of 75 patients included in the PROTECT study for the following signs: RV diameter, RV/left ventricular (LV) diameter ratio, hypokinesis ...
Aránguiz R R Centro de trastornos del Movimiento (CETRAM), Santiago, Chile; Universidad Diego Portales, Clínica Davila, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dystonias are defined as a joint sustained and involuntary contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles, which can cause torsion, repetitive abnormal involuntary movements, and/or abnormal postures. One special group of dystonias are those known as occupational, which include dystonia disorders triggered by a repetitive motor activity associated with a specific ...
Pereira Cristiana Borges CB Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perception of verticality is essential for postural control. On the other hand, postural instability is one of the cardinal features in Parkinson's disease (PD). Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the vertical perception using the subjective visual vertical test in PD patients with different degrees of postural ...
Sechi Annalisa A Regional Coordinator Centre for Rare Diseases, University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The chronic neuropathic form of Gaucher disease (GD3) is characterised by hepatosplenomegaly, anaemia, thrombocytopenia, bone alterations and central neurological involvement. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has been demonstrated to be effective in non neuropathic Gaucher disease, but long term results in patients with GD3 are still limited and contrasting. A possible ...
Ghiadoni Lorenzo L Hypertension Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56127 Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
This pilot study evaluated the predictive value of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) for damage accrual in a cohort of SLE patients. Thirty-eight female SLE patients without cardiovascular involvement were enrolled. Clinical history, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, laboratory parameters, disease activity and damage and brachial artery FMD were collected at study entry ...
Furukawa Takahiro T Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is characterized by clinical improvement with intravenous immunoglobulin and the frequent detection of anti-ganglioside antibodies. However, the immunological background of the neuronal damage in MMN is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate abnormalities in the cytokine and chemokine profiles of MMN patients. ...
Yu Sheng-Jie SJ Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, - - 2014
Although many patients with SLE also have allergies, the immunological events triggering the onset and progression of the clinical manifestations of SLE by allergens have yet to be clarified. A total of three autoantigens, phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK-1), triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) and enolase were identified by autologous serum in B ...
Kubo Shoji S Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan. - - 2014
Cholangiocarcinoma has been reported in workers exposed to chlorinated organic solvents and has consequently been classified as an occupational disease (occupational cholangiocarcinoma) by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of nine workers newly diagnosed with occupational cholangiocarcinoma. This study was a ...
Li Jiawei J Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Xi-An Men Street No. 1, West District, Beijing, 100034, - - 2014
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. Antibodies of acetylcholine receptor (AChR-ab) affect acetylcholine transmission between the ganglia and result in imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in POTS. This study was designed to analyze the clinical characteristics of POTS patients with AChR-ab positive and explore ...
Numan Mohammed M Pediatric Cardiology Division, University of Texas, Houston, Tx, USA, - - 2014
Cardiac asystole during HUTT has been described by some investigators as a benign finding with no major sequelae. Our aim in this study is to correlate the severity of clinical symptoms and physiologic findings prior and during the asystole occurrence. This is a retrospective study review of 536 patients who ...
Soto-Hermida Angel A Grupo de Genómica, Servicio de Reumatología, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Sergas, Universidade da Coruña (UDC), As Xubias, 15006, A Coruña, España, - - 2014
Not all patients with osteoarthritis (OA) show the same disease progression, as some of them remain relatively stable over time, while others progress to severe structural deterioration of the joint. In this sense, the main goal of both genetic and protein biomarkers in OA is to predict not only the ...
Zhang Yi-Yan - - 2014
Double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) and (IA) are both used to clear antibody. However, the clinical efficacy and safety of DFPP in patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease are unclear. The 28 enrolled patients diagnosed serologically and pathologically with anti-GBM disease from 2003 to 2013 included 16 treated with DFPP ...
Murphy Darra T DT Cappagh National Orthopedic Hospital, Finglas, Dublin 11, Ireland, - - 2014
To (a) evaluate the feasibility of MR epidurography (MRE) and (b) assess the distribution of injectate using two different volumes at caudal epidural steroid injection. Twenty patients who were referred with symptomatic low back pain for caudal epidural steroid injection were assigned to have either 10 ml (9/20) or 20 ml (11/20) ...
Yang Chunlan C College of Life Science and Bioengineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100022, - - 2014
With the development of various imaging techniques, the deformation-based morphometry (DBM) method provides an objective automatic examination of the whole brain. This study aims to assess the abnormalities in the brains of first-episode schizophrenia (FES) patients treated with quetiapine using another advanced nonrigid registration method, hierarchical attribute matching mechanism for ...
Soneda Akiko A Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama 232-8555, - - 2014
In Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, simultaneous measurements of free T4 (FT4) and TSH levels are performed during newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). FT4 measurement enables the detection of CH of central origin (CH-C), the incidence of which is estimated to be 1 in 30,833 live births in Kanagawa Prefecture. In ...
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