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Results 701 - 750 of 17745
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Rabijewski Michał M Department of Internal Diseases, Diabetology and Endocrinology, Warsaw Medical University , Warsaw , Poland - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Prediabetes patients are likely to develop type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low testosterone is a risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in men. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of prediabetes in population of Polish men with late-onset hypogonadism (LOH). Methods: This study was ...
Gao S S Department of Hepatology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2014
The G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor Gpbar1 (TGR5) has been demonstrated to be able to negatively regulate hepatic inflammatory response. In this study, we aimed to determine the methylation status of TGR5 promoter in patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF) and its predictive value for prognosis. We enrolled 76 ...
Fernandez Emilio E Division of Pediatric Surgery, Colorectal Center for Children, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML 2023, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, - - 2014
The presence of esophageal atresia (EA) in patients with an anorectal malformation (ARM) is well known. The purpose of this work is to find out the most common type of ARM associated to EA and the functional prognostic implication of this association, which has not been described in previous publications. ...
Bixenmann Ben J BJ Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati Medical - - 2014
Object Syringomyelia can be diagnosed in isolation but is more commonly found in the presence of craniocervical junction anomalies or spinal dysraphism. The origin of syringomyelia has been hypothesized to be either congenital or acquired. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of syringomyelia within the fetal ...
Aguila Lisbeth Aranbicia LA Rheumatology Division, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455 - 3 andar - sala 3190, São Paulo, 01246-903, - - 2014
Because overlap syndromes (OSs) are rarely described, we analyzed retrospectively their frequencies and correlations in Brazilian series of 31 patients with dermatomyositis (DM)/polymyositis (PM) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) attended at a referral single center. Myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs: anti-Jo-1, anti-PL-7, anti-PL-12, anti-EJ, ...
Teramoto Hiroko H Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1, Oyaguchi Kami-cho, Itabashi-ku, 173-8610 Tokyo, - - 2014
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although the pathophysiological mechanism of FOG is unknown, previous studies have suggested that frontal dysfunction is associated with FOG. The Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) battery, which is wide-ranging neurological battery composed of six subtests, evaluates ...
Antunes Sandra A SA Division of Nephrology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo - - - 2014
Anemia is a frequent condition in patients with chronic kidney disease due to a reduction in the production of erythropoietin. Patients with inflammation respond less well to treatment with erythropoietin, possibly because the increased production of hepcidin reduces the availability of iron for hematopoiesis. Some studies suggest that pentoxifylline has ...
Bayiz Hulya H Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical Park Gebze Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Pulmonary embolism (PE) associated with haemodynamic instability has exceedingly high mortality. We describe our experience using percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) in patients with massive PE and right ventricle dysfunction. Sixteen patients (11 males and five females; mean age, 55.7±8.3 years) with massive PE were treated with PMT. A percutaneous Aspiration ...
Liu Ting - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the effect of application of the revised 2010 Task Force Criteria (TFC) on the prevalence of major and minor Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) criteria for Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) versus application of the original 1994 TFC. We also assessed the utility of MRI to identify ...
Liu Jane Z JZ Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedic and Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland, OH; Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, - - 2014
Accurate diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is challenging. Most infection diagnosis criteria define elevated serum C-reactive protein (CRP) as >1.0mg/dL and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as >30mm/hour. Obesity has been reported as a pro-inflammatory state with elevated baseline CRP values. We hypothesized that higher cut-off values would be more ...
Wang Chunjuan C Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 6 Tiantanxili, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100050, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke and warfarin related anticoagulation has been recommended as an effective treatment for stroke prevention. We aimed to determine whether pre-stroke oral anticoagulation therapy would reduce initial stroke severity in AF patients with first-ever ischemic stroke. We identified consecutive patients ...
Kung Chia-Te CT Departments of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Serum adhesion molecules play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of sepsis syndrome. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of serum adhesion molecules in patients with severe sepsis and mechanical ventilation (MV) at the emergency department. Eighty-seven consecutive patients with severe sepsis, including 35 with MV, were evaluated. ...
Kim Noori N From the Department of Dermatology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of positive patch tests in patients with psoriasis receiving biologics and whether these results differ from those of patients with psoriasis not on biologics. An institutional review board-approved retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with psoriasis patch tested January ...
Yuan Leilei L From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scan was performed in a 49-year-old female patient who had non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Tc-MDP uptake was significant in both lungs. Bilateral bacterial pneumonia associated with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was diagnosed after extensive examination.
Deng Wen-Shuai WS From the Departments of *Neurosurgery and †Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit, Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, - - 2014
The objective of this article was to investigate the operation outcome, complications, and the patient's quality of life after surgical therapy for central gyrus region meningioma with epilepsy as the primary symptom. All patients get at least 6 months of follow-up (range, 6-34 mo) after surgery. They underwent preoperative magnetic ...
Hamdan Abdul Latif AL Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
To examine the frequency and severity of laryngopharyngeal symptoms in asthmatic patients. The role of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease as a co-morbid disease to asthma has not been previously reported. Seventy Two subjects, 36 asthmatics and 36 controls were included in this study. Demographic data included age, gender, status of asthma, ...
Dirican Nigar N Department of Chest Diseases, Medical Faculty, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic inflammatory granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. No suitable biomarkers are available to evaluate the prognosis of this disease, which still has an unpredictable clinical course. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical usefulness of hematologic markers. We investigated 172 subjects :116 patients ...
Aydin Z Z Department of Nephrology, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
Fetuin--A is a member of protease inhibitors that act as an inhibitor of vascular calcification. In our study, the relationship of fetuin--A with metabolic and echocardiographic parameters in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has been investigated. Besides demographic, clinical and laboratory data, fetuin--A level was recorded. Echocardiographic examinations were performed by ...
Fernández-Fígares V V Departamento de Parasitología,Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad - - 2014
Toxoplasma gondii is a food-borne and orofecal microorganism which produces chronic infection, and attempts have been made to prove its negative association with atopy in the context of the hygiene hypothesis. Anisakis simplex is a fish parasite associated with chronic urticaria (CU) in endemic regions. We analysed the relationship between ...
Gutiérrez-Galve L L University College London,Queen Square, - - 2014
Loss of cortical volume in frontotemporal regions occurs in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and longitudinal studies have reported progressive brain volume changes at different stages of the disease, even if cognitive deficits remain stable over time. We investigated cortical changes in patients over the 2 years following their FEP ...
Mikolasevic Ivana I Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, University Hospital Center Rijeka, Rijeka, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Recently, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been recognized as a new risk factor for adverse CVD events in the general population. Our aim was to analyze the incidence of NAFLD in HD patients by using ...
Chung Lorinda - - 2014
Background:Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc-APAH) experience higher mortality rates than patients with idiopathic disease and those with other connective tissue diseases (CTD-APAH). We sought to identify unique predictors of mortality associated with SSc-APAH in the CTD-APAH population. Methods:The Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-Term PAH ...
Stanley Karen K North Essex Partnership Foundation Trust,St Margaret's Hospital,The Plain,Epping,Essex CM16 - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Young onset Alzheimer's disease (YOAD; onset before 65 years of age) is thought to have a more rapid course and increased rate of progression compared to late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). This assumption appears partly due to important clinical, structural, neuropathological, and neurochemical differences suggesting YOAD is a ...
Truszczyńska Aleksandra A Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, - - 2014
Background. Osteoarthritis is the most common disorder of the musculoskeletal system. A unilateral change in the hip joint changes the position of the pelvis and spine, and therefore the patient's body posture. Due to the uneven loading of the lower limbs asymmetry occurs in the trunk. Detailed dependencies of that ...
Nagata Itsuki I Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, - - 2014
It is well known that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is associated with higher rates of in-stent restenosis and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) compared to that in non-HD patients, even if the target value in cholesterol management is achieved. To evaluate the factors that are associated ...
Sawicka-Gutaj Nadia N Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 49, Przybyszewskiego Street, 60355 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of pyramidal lobe (PL) detected in iodine-131 (I-131) scans of thyroid bed in patients after thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and to investigate influence of PL on endogenous thyrotropin (TSH) stimulation as well as on the effects of the ...
Omejec Gregor G Institute of Clinical Neurophysiology, Division of Neurology, University Medical Center Ljubljana, - - 2014
Introduction: In patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) short-segment nerve conduction studies (NCSs) are rarely performed due to unclear reference values. We excluded controls with subclinical UNE, calculated normative values, and tested them in UNE patients. Methods: Clinical examination, ultrasonography (US), and 2-cm short-segment ulnar motor NCSs across ...
Doğan Zeynal Z Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Sukriye District, Ulucanlar Street, Altındağ, Ankara 06230, Turkey, - - 2014
Helicobacter pylori is a worldwide bacteria that may affect several extra-gastric systems, including the endocrine, hematologic, vascular, respiratory, immune, and skin. Several skin diseases, including chronic urticaria, alopecia areata, psoriasis, and systemic lupus erythematosis have been found to be associated with H. pylori infection. To our knowledge, there are no data ...
Ghourchian Shadi S Lorestan University of Medical Sciences (Faculty of Medicine), Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC) of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Italia St, Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common disorder described as an urge to move the legs. Dopamine, the main neuro-transmitter in the pathophysiology of RLS, is likely related to the development of brain laterality and human handedness. We aimed to compare the prevalence of RLS in right and non-right handers. ...
Shintaku Masayuki M Department of Pathology, Osaka Red Cross Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
The patient was a 70-year-old woman with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma which showed a predominantly diffuse involvement of the bone marrow and kidney. Because atypical lymphocytes appeared in the cerebrospinal fluid, the intrathecal administration of methotrexate (MTX) and cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) was repeated several times. The patient developed flaccid paraplegia 8 months ...
Fasano Alfonso A *Movement Disorders Center, TWH, UHN, Division of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †Departments of Neurology, and ‡Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Gemelli University Hospital, Rome, Italy; §Department of Pharmacology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy; and ||Medical Direction, Chiesi Farmaceutici, Parma, - - 2014
Patients with Parkinson disease exhibit a highly increased prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), which has been also associated with the severity of motor fluctuations. Aim of this study was to test the efficacy of liquid levodopa with higher bioavailability in patients with SIBO. Thirty-three patients with Parkinson disease ...
Atak Tuba T Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Goztepe Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, İstanbul, - - 2014
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign breast disease which often mimics breast carcinoma both clinically and radiologically. Confirmation of diagnosis is only made by histopathological analysis. This study aims to define clinical and demographic features of IGM patients and discuss the results of treatment modalities. Forty patients with ...
Tomita Yasuhiko Y From the *Department of Pathology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka, Japan; †Department of Molecular Biochemistry and Clinical Investigation, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan; and ‡Department of Surgery, National Hospital Organization Kure Medical Center, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Knowledge of risk factors for development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is limited. To clarify the background condition of the pancreas for the development of PDAC, we analyzed pancreatic histological changes in noncancerous lesion specimens after pancreatectomy in PDAC patients. Seventy-six patients with PDAC were enrolled in this study. The ...
Harada Koji - - 2014
Background: It is important to establish glycemic markers which reflect accurate glycemic status in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients; however, adequate glycemic markers have not been established. We evaluated the accuracy of glycemic markers in non-dialysis CKD patients. Patients and methods: 139 non-dialysis CKD patients with diabetes were enrolled. ...
Du Juan J Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2014
To analyse the association between serum interleukin (IL)-23 mRNA levels and clinical characteristics in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Serum IL-23 and IL-17 mRNA levels were quantified using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in patients with SLE and healthy controls. Disease activity was assessed using the SLE Disease Activity ...
Jhun Byung Woo BW Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seong-nam, Republic of - - 2014
The initial peripheral eosinophil count (PEC) is rarely elevated but tends to increase during the clinical course of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP). We evaluated whether initial peripheral eosinophilia is an indicator of mild disease in patients with AEP. We retrospectively examined associations between initial peripheral absolute eosinophil count, inflammatory markers ...
Yalcin Arzu Didem AD Internal Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, 11529, - - 2014
Abstract Studies on sCD200 (OX-2), 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(25(OH)D), homocysteine (hcy), eosinophil cationic peptide (ECP), d-dimer (DD), CXCL8, and fractional exhale nitric oxide concentrations (FeNO) in allergic patients in Mediterranean regions under various climatic conditions have not been performed. In this report, blood samples were taken in May and June during times of ...
Bentall Andrew A Division of Transplantation Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Renal Institute of Birmingham, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Terminal complement blockade has been shown to decrease the incidence of early acute antibody-mediated rejection (eAMR) in the first month after positive crossmatch kidney transplant recipients, yet some patients still develop eAMR. The current study investigated possible mechanisms of eAMR despite eculizumab treatment. Of the 26 patients treated with eculizumab, ...
da Costa Gerusa Maritimo GM Biomedical Instrumentation Laboratory, Institute of Biology and Faculty of Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Background: Recent studies suggested that the bronchodilator response depends on airway obstruction. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) may help improve our understanding of the changes in respiratory mechanics that occur after the application of a bronchodilator. Objectives: We aimed to (1) assess the response to salbutamol and to compare the ...
Le WeiBo W National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The long-term renal outcomes of patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) who present with recurrent macroscopic hematuria (RMH) have not been described in previous studies. Methods: Patients with biopsy-proven primary IgAN in Jinling Hospital were divided into three groups according to different patterns of macroscopic hematuria (MH): RMH, isolated MH ...
Chou C-H CH Department of Electronic Engineering & Graduate Institute of Computer and Communication, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, - - 2014
Hemiplegia can cause accidental falls, as the patients place their arms in front of their chests or next to the hips when they walk. This is due to limitations in the ability to swing their arms during walking. This study proposes a functional electrical stimulator approach in order to improve ...
Caglayan Mehmet M Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey, - - 2014
Haemorrhoidal disease (HD) is one of the most common diseases encountered by the clinicians of general surgery. Chronic constipation, pushing during defecation and increased abdominal pressure play an important role in development of haemorrhoidal disease. Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) frequently use the Valsalva manoeuvre in their daily lives, which ...
Furfaro E E Division of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Martino - IST University Hospital, Genoa, Italy. - - 2014
Ninety-one serum samples from 51 hematology patients with bacteremia infections were tested for (1-3)-beta-D-glucan (BG). BG was positive in 11 samples (15%) from 7 patients (14%). Of these 7 patients with positive BG results, four (8%) had invasive aspergillosis and 3 (6%)had no invasive fungal disease. Bacteremia is an unlikely ...
Pappalardo A A Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Center, Ospedale S. Marta & S. Venera, Acireale (Catania), Italy Departement of Neuroscience, University of Catania, Catania, - - 2014
Basic trunk movement control is often impaired after stroke and its recovery is a "miliary stone" in rehabilitation. In this prospective, observational, parallel-group study, we investigated whether there are differences in terms of post-stroke recovery of basic trunk control between patients with left or with right hemiparesis. We recruited 94 ...
Grimaldi Roberto R Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Città della Salute e della Scienza, Turin, - - 2014
Aspirin resistance occurs most frequently in diabetic patients and is associated with poor prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of aspirin resistance in a cohort of diabetic patients and whether it can be reversed using more bioavailable aspirin formulations. Platelets function of 163 diabetic patients ...
Knapp Arthur A 1 School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia , Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Electronic auscultation appears superior to acoustic auscultation for identifying hemodynamic abnormalities. The aim of this study was to determine whether carotid bruits detected by electronic stethoscope in patients with diabetes are associated with stenoses and increased carotid intima-medial thickness (CIMT). Subjects and Methods: Fifty Fremantle Diabetes Study patients ...
Ilhan Nilufer N Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University , Antakya, Hatay , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as an indicator of inflammation in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Patients were evaluated by a review of records. The study included 81 patients with dry AMD (group 1), 84 patients with wet AMD (group 2), and 80 healthy age- ...
Katzka David A DA Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) requires repeated endoscopic collection of mucosal samples, to assess disease activity and response to therapy. An easier and less expensive means of monitoring of EoE is required. We compared the accuracy, safety, and tolerability of sample collection via cytosponge (an ingestible gelatin capsule comprising compressed ...
Tansley Sarah L - - 2014
The aim of this study was to define the frequency and associated clinical phenotype of anti-MDA5 autoantibodies in a large UK based, predominantly Caucasian, cohort of patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Serum samples and clinical data were obtained from 285 patients with JDM recruited to the UK Juvenile Dermatomyositis Cohort ...
Jenab Yaser Y Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Identification of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), as a cause of syncope, is important and may be life saving. We prospectively analyzed data on 335 patients with acute PTE. Relationships between syncope secondary to acute PTE and clinical findings, risk factors, and imaging modalities were analyzed. Of the 335 patients, 36 (10.7%) ...
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