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Gruber Hannes - - 2012
The currently accepted pathophysiological concept behind median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) is vascular compromise by atypically positioned median arcuate ligament. Despite many articles on MALS, only sparse data on the outcome in general and the rather poor outcome after intervention have been reported and this makes at least questionable the ...
Sahman Halil - - 2012
To determine the frequency and characteristics of bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) using computed tomography (CT) evaluation. A retrospective study was carried out using the CT records of 550 patients referred to the Medical School of Erciyes University (Kayseri, Turkey) between 2007 and 2010. T-tests were used to compare frequency of ...
Delbue Serena - - 2012
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe disease of the central nervous system (CNS), caused by infection with the Polyomavirus JC virus (JCV). Because there are no known treatments or prognostic factors, we performed a long-term study focusing mainly on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from PML patients to describe the ...
La Greca Gaetano G Department of Surgical Sciences, Organ Transplantation and Advanced Technologies, University of Catania, 95125 Catania, - - 2012
To find a possible relationship between inflammation and CA19-9 tumor marker by analyzing data from patients with benign jaundice (BJ) and malignant jaundice (MJ). All patients admitted for obstructive jaundice, in the period 2005-2009, were prospectively enrolled in the study, obtaining a total of 102 patients. On admission, all patients ...
Boudarham Julien - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To determine whether optoelectronic plethysmography accurately evaluated vital capacity (VC) in patients with respiratory muscle dysfunction of variable severity, including those with paradoxical abdominal movements. METHODS: In 20 patients, VC was measured in the supine position using both spirometry and optoelectronic plethysmography (six optoelectronic cameras and 52 reflective markers ...
Fonollosa A - - 2012
Intravitreal somatostatin (SST) levels are decreased in patients with diabetic macular oedema. This deficit may be involved in the pathogenesis of this condition. The aim of the present study was to determine SST concentration in the vitreous fluid of patients with chronic uveitic macular oedema (CUMO) and quiescent intraocular inflammation. ...
Iizuka Haku H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22, Showa, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan. - - 2013
Atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) is caused by multiple conditions; however, idiopathic AAS patients without RA, upper-cervical spine anomalies or any other disorder are rarely encountered. This study retrospectively investigated the radiographic findings in idiopathic AAS patients, and clarified the differences between those AAS patients and those due to RA. Fifty-three patients ...
Giamarellos-Bourboulis Evangelos J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Early risk assessment is the mainstay of management of patients with sepsis. APACHE II is the golden standard prognostic stratification system. A prediction rule is developed aimed to improve prognostication by APACHE II with the application of serum suPAR (soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor). METHODS: A prospective study ...
Zoppo F - - 2012
The antithrombotic management of atrial fibrillation (AF) is currently based on clinical scores (CHADS(2) or CHA(2)DS(2)VASc). The prevalence of left atrium (LA) thrombi in effectively anticoagulated AF patients has been reported as being up to 7.7 %. We tried to correlate LA/LA appendage (LAA) thrombus detection with possible clinical predictors ...
Shima Hideki - - 2012
PURPOSE: Liver biopsy (LB) is still considered the "gold standard" for hepatological evaluation, but recently noninvasive methods have attempted to replace this invasive procedure. Recently, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging has been developed as a noninvasive modality to evaluate the stiffness of tissues. ARFI imaging theoretically measures liver stiffness ...
Povsic Thomas J - - 2012
AimsWe sought to determine the degree of anticoagulation reversal required to mitigate bleeding, and assess the feasibility of using pegnivacogin to prevent ischaemic events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients managed with an early invasive approach. REG1 consists of pegnivacogin, an RNA aptamer selective factor IXa inhibitor, and its complementary ...
Parkash Om - - 2012
Objective: To compare Model for End-stage Liver Disease Score (MELD Score, MS) and King's College Hospital (KCH) criteria for finding correlation of mortality in non-acetaminophen induced acute liver failure (NAI-ALF). Study Design: An analytical cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from 2005 to ...
Shimada Hiroshi - - 2012
T-wave alternans (TWA) is a useful method for evaluating repolarization abnormalities and as a predictor of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Although life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias are occasionally observed during ischemic attacks in patients with vasospastic angina (VSA), there have been no studies to detect repolarization abnormalities using TWA analysis in these patients ...
Oranskiy Sergey P - - 2012
To investigate differences in body composition and body mass index (BMI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their correlations with serum production of adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The study included 83 patients (age 53±5 years) with RA treated with methotrexate. We determined their BMI, ...
Elkoushy Mohamed A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To characterize a contemporary cohort of patients with heterozygous (TZ) cystinuria and compare them with a concurrent cohort of patients with homozygous (MZ) cystinuria. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed for 42 consecutive patients presenting with a positive cyanide-nitroprusside test from September 2009 to September ...
Morais Victor - - 2012
In this work we describe the first study carried out in Uruguay of venom antigenaemia and antivenom concentration in patients bitten by snakes. Between 50 and 70 snake bite accidents per year are caused in Uruguay by 2 species: Rhinocerophis alternatus and Bothropoides pubescens. The patients are treated with a ...
Lisi Matteo - - 2012
The present study aimed to assess the additional value of a pocket-sized imaging device (PSID) as an adjunct to plain chest X-rays in the diagnosis of pleural effusion (PE), mainly for those requiring pleural thoracentesis. We performed a thoracic ultrasound examination using a PSID in 73 patients with an abnormal ...
Wong Sui Hsien - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The validity of the clinical dictum "the presence of spontaneous retinal venous pulsation (SVP) excludes raised intracranial pressure" has not been previously tested. We set out to determine the specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) of the presence of SVP to indicate normal intracranial pressure (ICP) in a routine ...
Erba Paola A - - 2012
The clinical performance of the Duke Endocarditis Service criteria to establish the diagnosis of infectious endocarditis (IE) can be improved through functional imaging procedures such as radiolabeled leukocytes ((99m)Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime [HMPAO]-labeled white blood cells [WBC]). METHODS: We assessed the value of (99m)Tc-HMPAO-WBC scintigraphy including SPECT/CT acquisitions in a series of ...
Edvardsen Anne - - 2012
The reduced pressure in the aircraft cabin may cause significant hypoxaemia and respiratory distress in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Simple and reliable methods for predicting the need for supplemental oxygen during air travel have been requested. To construct a pre-flight evaluation algorithm for patients with COPD. In ...
Koenigkam-Santos Marcel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary fissures completeness predicts efficacy in endobronchial valves (EBV) implantation, a new lobar volume reduction therapy for severe emphysematous patients. We assessed the incidence of incomplete fissures and the interobserver agreement in its evaluation with MDCT, in severe emphysematous patients prior to EBV implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Volumetric thin-section ...
Charbit J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We hypothesised that in blunt trauma patients with haemodynamic instability and haemoperitoneum on hospital admission, the haemorrhagic source may not be confined to the peritoneum. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence and location of bleeding source in this population. METHODS: The charts of trauma patients ...
Shanafelt Tait D TD Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. - - 2013
The objective of the current study was to follow up the results of phase 1 testing by evaluating the clinical efficacy of the green tea extract Polyphenon E for patients with early stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Previously untreated patients with asymptomatic, Rai stage 0 to II CLL and an ...
Doungngern Thitima - - 2012
Background Albumin is broadly prescribed for critically ill patients although it does not have a mortality benefit over crystalloids. One common use of albumin is to promote diuresis. Objectives To compare urine output in patients treated with furosemide with and without albumin and to assess other variables possibly associated with ...
da Rocha Chehuen M - - 2012
This study assessed the relationship between lower limb hemodynamics and metabolic parameters with walking tolerance in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). Resting ankle-brachial index (ABI), baseline blood flow (BF), BF response to reactive hyperemia (BFRH), oxygen uptake (VO2), initial claudication distance (ICD) and total walking distance (TWD) were measured in ...
Bota Simona - - 2012
To establish an algorithm which includes the liver stiffness (LS) and/or spleen stiffness (SS) assessed by ARFI for the prediction of significant esophageal varices-EV (at least grade 2). Our study included 145 newly diagnosed cirrhotic patients admitted in our Department between September 2009-August 2011. 62 patients (42.7%) had significant EV. ...
Chandesris Marie-Olivia - - 2012
Autosomal dominant deficiency of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is the main genetic etiology of hyper-immunoglobulin (Ig) E syndrome. We documented the molecular, cellular, and clinical features of 60 patients with heterozygous STAT3 mutations from 47 kindreds followed in France. We identified 11 known and 13 new ...
León Cristóbal - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the value of (1→3)-β-D: -glucan (BDG), Candida albicans germ tube antibody (CAGTA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) levels for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis (IC) and for differentiating Candida spp. colonization from infection in ICU patients with severe abdominal conditions (SAC). METHODS: Prospective study of 176 ...
Carrott Philip W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We propose that the symptoms associated with paraesophageal hernia (PEH) are more diverse than previously suggested, and symptoms and clinical manifestations correlate to the anatomy of the hernia. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for PEH were reviewed from a prospective, institutional review board-approved, single-center database. Presenting symptoms, anatomy of the ...
Kostrubiec Maciej - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Risk stratification in acute pulmonary embolism (APE) includes the assessment of clinical status, right ventricular dysfunction and troponin concentrations. Since acute renal impairment is one of the important predictors of mortality in cardiovascular diseases, the authors hypothesised that it is an independent mortality marker in APE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Ersoz Murat - - 2012
In this study, the bladder emptying methods at different stages of the post-stroke period along with the effects of demographic and clinical parameters on spontaneous voiding frequency were investigated. The frequencies of bladder emptying methods at admission to the rehabilitation clinic, after neurourological and urodynamic assessment and at home after ...
Hansen Sara Bohnstedt - - 2012
In August 2010, a 79-year-old male was diagnosed with AEL. The patient was well preserved and besides hypertension had no significant intercurrent diseases. The patient was admitted to hospital after a GI hemorrhage, endoscopy found no cause but blood samples showed mild pancytopenia with haemoglobin of 11,3 g/dL, leukocytes of ...
Freitas Sandra - - 2012
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief instrument developed for the screening of milder forms of cognitive impairment, having surpassed the well-known limitations of the MMSE. The aim of the present study was to validate the MoCA as well as its short version, which was proposed by the NINDS-CSN ...
Kang Jiunn-Horng - - 2012
AIMS: Reflux esophagitis (RE) is a common disease which has been recognized to be associated with several medical co-morbidities. However, the association between RE and bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is still unknown. The present study aimed to explore the association between these two diseases. METHODS: We identified 8,962 female ...
Vigna Carlo - - 2012
Background: Transesophageal (TEE) and intracardiac (ICE) echocardiography are commonly used to guide percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure. The study aim was to perform a head-to-head comparison between TEE and rotational ICE echocardiography in the measurement of the fossa ovalis and device selection. Methods: In 45 patients with cryptogenic stroke ...
Sumida Keiichi - - 2012
Background: Several authors have reported cases of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN) with definite immune complex (IC) deposits, however, the clinical and pathological significance of IC deposits in patients with ANCA-associated CGN remains unclear. Methods: Renal biopsy specimens from 28 patients with a diagnosis of CGN and positivity ...
Keeratichananont Warangkana - - 2012
Post-extubation stridor occurs after translaryngeal intubation results to re-intubation in a number of patients. To determine the cut-off value of the cuff leak volume test among Thai patients as a predictor for post-extubation stridor Demographic data and cuff leak volume were collected from patients who had been intubated with planned ...
Wiarda Bart M - - 2012
New modalities are available to visualize the small bowel in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of magnetic resonance enteroclysis (MRE) and capsule endoscopy (CE) to balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) in patients with suspected or established CD of the small bowel. ...
Yazgan Hamza - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the levels of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in children diagnosed with PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis) during their febrile attacks. METHODS: 23 patients with diagnosis of PFAPA included into the study prospectively during a three years period. In these patients, CRP ...
Clavel Marie-Annick - - 2012
The aim of this case match study was to compare the outcome of patients with paradoxical low-flow (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] ≥50% but stroke volume index <35 ml/m(2)), low-gradient (mean gradient [MG] <40 mm Hg), a priori severe (aortic valve area [AVA] ≤1.0 cm(2)) aortic stenosis (AS) (PLG-SAS group) ...
Charpentier Charlotte - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to identify factors associated with persistent low-level viraemia (LLV) in HIV-infected patients under suppressive antiretroviral therapy and to assess the virological outcome of these patients. METHODS: LLV was defined as at least two HIV-1 RNA values between 20 and 50 copies/mL during 1 ...
Chindris A M - - 2012
Context:Surveillance of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is achieved using serum thyroglobulin (Tg), neck ultrasonography (US), and recombinant human TSH (rhTSH)-stimulated Tg (Tg-stim).Objective:Our primary aim was to assess the utility of rhTSH Tg-stim in patients with suppressed Tg (Tg-supp) below 0.1 ng/ml using a sensitive assay. Our secondary aims ...
Gómez Palacios Angel - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of patients with acute hypercalcaemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and compare them with other patients with PHPT without associated acute hypercalcaemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study (1998-2010) was conducted on 158 patients with PHPT treated by parathyroidectomy. Those ...
Kawai Yuichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of the computed tomography (CT) finding of main pancreatic duct (MPD) wall enhancement, termed the "enhanced duct sign", for diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) in comparison with diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma and chronic pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two radiologists independently evaluated the presence or absence ...
Canan Arzu - - 2012
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of mean platelet volume (MPV) and D-dimer for acute deep venous thromboembolism (DVT). Two hundred and fifty six patients who presented to the emergency or cardiovascular surgery department with suspected lower limb DVT were retrospectively recruited. Plasma levels ...
De Bonis Pasquale - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The management of post-traumatic ventriculomegaly (PTV) is controversial. This is due to the difficulty to determine whether PTV is related to an atrophic process or to a true "active" hydrocephalus. The purpose of this study is to analyze the CSF-dynamics in patients with PTV and, possibly, to identify parameters ...
Yang Yue - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the index of homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients, and to explore the possible correlated factors contributing to insulin resistance (IR) within these patients. Material: There were 255 IgAN patients and 45 membranous nephropathy (MN) patients in our database. We identified 89 ...
Winter Mary A - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of various body weights and serum creatinine (S(c) (r) ) concentrations on the bias and accuracy of the Cockcroft-Gault creatinine clearance (C-G Cl(c) (r) ) equation compared with measured 24-hour Cl(c) (r) . DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: A total of ...
Seri Stefano - - 2012
We investigated 50 young patients with a diagnosis of Rolandic Epilepsy (RE) for the presence of abnormalities in autonomic tone compared with 50 young patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy with absences and 50 typically developing children of comparable age. We analyzed time domain (N-N interval, pNN50) and frequency domain (High ...
Chi Kim N - - 2012
Activation of the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-IR) is implicated in prostate cancer development and progression. This study evaluated biologic and clinical effects of figitumumab, a fully human monoclonal IGF-IR antibody, in patients with localized prostate cancer. Eligible patients received figitumumab 20 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks for 3 ...
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