Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1122
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Hallowell Robert W RW Division of Pulmonary and Critical Medicine, John Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are a group of connective tissue diseases marked by varying degrees of muscle inflammation and clinical involvement of multiple organs, most notably, the lung. Pulmonary manifestations consist primarily of interstitial lung disease (ILD), which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in myositis patients. Several myositis-specific ...
Monnerat Bruno Zanotelli - - 2013
We report a patient who was diagnosed with opercular myoclonic-anarthric status epilepticus and found to have glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA)-associated encephalitis, a previously unrecognised aetiology of this condition. The patient was a 23-year-old female admitted for investigation of focal myoclonic status epilepticus in the right side of the face ...
Hoentjen Frank F Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is generally described as a superficial diffuse inflammation restricted to the colon and rectum. However, several case reports have described a distinct and rare type of UC-related pan-enteritis, typically occurring after colectomy. Corticosteroids are effective for induction of remission of this condition, but it is not clear ...
Fung Adrian T - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe clinical and multimodal imaging features of patients with Type 1 neovascularization who lack findings of age-related macular degeneration but instead have features consistent with long-standing central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Nonconsecutive, retrospective, observational case series. Two groups of patients were identified and analyzed. ...
Seven Gulseren - - 2012
Ulcerative jejunoileitis is an uncommon clinical syndrome consisting of abdominal pain, weight loss associated with diarrhea, and multiple inflammatory ulcerations and strictures of the small bowel. Ulcerative jejunoileitis can complicate established celiac disease or develop in patients de novo. Increased levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the small intestine ...
Urbaniak Piotr - - 2012
A patient with central nervous system involvement of Behçet's disease was refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy and showed secondary failure of the anti-TNF agent infliximab. This presented as a progressive weakness of the legs and reduction in walking distance. The cerebrospinal fluid showed signs of inflammation including a vastly elevated ...
Mushtak Algherbawe - - 2012
We report three male patients of younger age group presented with acute vein thrombosis of different sites, right lower limb, cortical venous sinuses thrombosis with cerebral vascular accident and third case is mesenteric vein thrombosis. All patients were Vegetarian, had low level of cobalamin with marked hyper homocysteinemia with normal ...
Hunziker Manuela - - 2012
PURPOSE: The familial nature of vesicoureteral reflux is well recognized. However, there is little information about the prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux and reflux related morbidity in the relatives of index patients with vesicoureteral reflux. Therefore, we determined the prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux and reflux related morbidity in first, second and ...
Kazancioglu Rumeyza - - 2012
One of the main factors determining the survival of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is volume status. We aimed to investigate hydration status of PD patients by bio-impedance spectroscopy (BIS) and echocardiography and to study the relation of them with apelin, which has effects related with volume status like vasodilation, positive ...
Bruggink Sjoerd C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on cutaneous wart-associated HPV types are rare. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of cutaneous wart-associated HPV types and their relation with patient characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Swabs were taken from all 744 warts of 246 consecutive immunocompetent participants and analysed by a broad spectrum HSL-PCR/MPG assay. Patient details ...
Rincón Diego - - 2012
Abstract Background and aim. Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the main predictor of clinical decompensation in cirrhotic patients with compensated disease of any etiology without varices. However, the predictive factors of decompensation are not so well known in patients with hepatitis C-related compensated cirrhosis, in whom etiology-based therapy is ...
Chen Hua-Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: White matter (WM) abnormalities are common in cirrhotic patients and possibly contribute to hepatic encephalopathy (HE), a frequent neuropsychiatric complication of cirrhosis. However, little is known about these WM abnormalities and their relationship to neurocognitive deficits in patients with HBV-related cirrhosis. METHODS: Three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion ...
Iwasaki Toshitaka - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Variable location of the orifice of the right adrenal vein appears to be associated with a poor success rate of sampling, especially in less experienced hands. We described the spectrum of the location of the right adrenal vein, and identified the relation of its location to body mass index ...
Hanna Gregory L - - 2012
The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential after an incorrect response, which is often increased in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the relation of the ERN to comorbid tic disorders has not been examined in patients with OCD. This study compared ERN amplitudes in ...
Sadr-Azodi Omid - - 2012
Patients with celiac disease have been reported to be at increased risk for pancreatitis and pancreatic insufficiency, but the risk might have been overestimated because of patient selection and limited numbers of patients for analysis. Furthermore, no distinction has been made between patients with gallstone-related and non-gallstone-related pancreatitis. We performed ...
Casali Christian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevention of recurrence after a first episode of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) remains a debated issue. The likelihood of recurrence based on the presence of blebs and bullae detected on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging is controversial. METHODS: We evaluated patients conservatively treated for PSP who underwent chest ...
Kim Jae-Jin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Most patients with schizophrenia suffer from various types of hallucinations, which commonly produce distress, functional disability or behavioral dyscontrol. The neural process of adapting to hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia remains unknown. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) responses to an unusual threatening visual stimulus designed to simulate a ...
Shin Kyung Soon - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Higher cognitive dysfunction, lower perceptual disturbance and its relation to the structures that implicate such processes have been considered as key features in patients with schizophrenia. However, little is known about the relationship between perceptual processing and structural deficits in ultra-high-risk for psychosis. METHODS: We investigated the dipole moment ...
Cincin Altug - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Definite diagnosis of transudative or exudative pleural fluids often presents a diagnostic dilemma. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether amino-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in pleural fluid has a diagnostic value for discriminating heart failure (HF) related pleural effusions from non-HF effusions. METHODS: Sixty-six patients ...
Díez Juan J - - 2012
AIMS: A thyrotropin(TSH)-lowering effect of metformin therapy has been recently reported in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypothyroidism. We aimed to evaluate the interplay between metformin therapy and serum TSH concentrations in a group of patients with T2D and normal thyroid function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and ...
Nah Hyun-Wook - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to compare lesion location between moyamoya disease-related intracerebral hemorrhage (MMD-ICH) and primary intracerebral hemorrhage (P-ICH). Ninety-three patients each with MMD-ICH and P-ICH were compared. In patients with MMD-ICH, angiographic findings were assessed with special attention to the prominent anterior choroidal artery. Follow-up data were ...
Shah R S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The relation between neuropathy and restless legs syndrome (RLS) remains uncertain. Previous studies have analyzed heterogeneous neuropathic populations and findings have been to date inconsistent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a neuropathic population consisting of 59 patients with acquired, mixed, small and large fiber sensory axonal neuropathy. We compared ...
Hjeltnes Gunnbjørg - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether serum level of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (S-COMP) is related to methotrexate (MTX) or to MTX and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) combination treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and to investigate whether S-COMP is related to cardiovascular risk factors including endothelial dysfunction and level of anticitrullinated protein ...
Liu Ying - - 2012
Disturbance of gastrointestinal function is a common complication in the early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP). Intestinal gas may reflect the function of the gut. Using plain abdominal radiographs, we investigated whether intestinal gas volume is related to AP. Plain abdominal radiographs of 68 patients with AP within 24 hours ...
Han Zee-A - - 2012
To identify the clinical characteristics and investigate function related aspects of Korean children with Rett syndrome. A total of 26 patients diagnosed as Rett syndrome were clinically observed until the age of five or over. We surveyed past history, developmental history, and presence of typical clinical features of Rett syndrome. ...
Mascioli Giosuè - - 2012
Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has proved to be very effective in improving morbidity and mortality in patients affected with severe congestive heart failure. Its efficacy has been shown to be greater in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). The aim of our study was to verify if newly ...
Jeon Jung Won - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopists are often hesitant to perform endoscopic polypectomy in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) because of the risk for postpolypectomy bleeding (PPB). However, little is known about the risk of PPB in these patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with early LC who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy ...
Luigetti M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: IgM-related neuropathy generally presents as a late-onset demyelinating polyneuropathy with predominant sensory loss and ataxia. Sporadic cases with atypical presentation have been described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report clinical and pathological findings from 31 patients with IgM-related neuropathy followed in our Institute of Neurology over a 20-year period. RESULTS: ...
Gutierrez-Galve Leticia - - 2012
Purpose:  To determine whether cortical abnormalities are more severe and widespread in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and interictal psychosis (IP) compared to those with TLE only (NIP) and healthy controls (HC), and to explore the associations between cortical parameters (area, thickness and volume), psychotic symptoms, and cognitive performance. ...
Baser O - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Develop a claims-based severity index for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) database. Methods: Adult patients with at least two RA diagnoses 2 months apart were identified between 10/1/2008-09/30/2009. Patients were required to have at least 12 months continuous health plan enrollment before and after ...
Henchoz Yves - - 2012
Objectives. To compare daily energy expenditure between RA patients and matched controls, and to explore the relationship between daily energy expenditure or sedentariness and disease-related scores.Methods. One hundred and ten patients with RA and 440 age- and sex-matched controls were included in this study. Energy expenditure was assessed using the ...
Brouwers H Bart - - 2012
Hematoma volume is the most potent predictor of outcome in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and hematoma expansion after hospital presentation occurs in up to 40% of individuals. Among patients with lobar ICH, the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε2 allele predicts larger hematoma volumes at presentation. We investigated whether the ε2 allele ...
Vanden Meerschaut F - - 2012
BACKGROUNDDespite the success of ICSI, total fertilization failure (TFF) still occurs in 1-3% of all ICSI cycles. ICSI followed by assisted oocyte activation (ICSI-AOA) can restore fertilization, most efficiently in cases of sperm-related fertilization deficiency. The indication for ICSI-AOA is less obvious when the capacity of the sperm to activate ...
Ciccone Marco Matteo - - 2012
Venous echo-color-Doppler (ECD) showed that chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) syndrome is related to multiple sclerosis (MS). Study aims were to assess interobserver variability in ultrasound evaluation of MS patients and to relate echo-markers to MS clinical symptoms and disability degree. 277 MS patients (117 men, mean age 43.05±10.04 years) ...
Marin Alicia - - 2012
Abstract The recovery of potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) from bronchial secretions is associated with a local inflammatory response in COPD patients. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships between bronchial colonisation and both bronchial and systemic inflammation in stable COPD. In COPD patients recruited on first admission ...
Saito Ken - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to examine whether tethering of the mitral leaflets affects coaptation in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and to assess the interaction between the mitral coaptation and mitral regurgitation severity. Functional mitral regurgitation causes restriction of leaflet closure as a result of enhanced tethering ...
Chow John W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the velocity-dependent change in medial gastrocnemius (MG) activity during stance phase of gait in patients with moderate-to-severe resting hypertonia after stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory in a tertiary-care rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of chronic TBI and stroke (N=11 ...
Hu C-H - - 2012
Background  Toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome (TEN) is a rare, life-threatening, drug-related skin reaction with a high mortality rate. To date, only a few studies with insufficient sample sizes have been conducted to analyse SCORTEN in Asian populations with TEN. Objective  To analyse SCORTEN and other related factors that affect TEN ...
Marissen Marlies A E - - 2012
Background: Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) report strong negative affect and show impulsive, disruptive behaviors. The role of anhedonia, or the inability to experience positive affect, has been less examined in BPD. The present study examined the role of anhedonia in BPD patients and its relation to symptoms of ...
Wang Jing-Houng - - 2012
Background and Aim:  Transient elastography (TE) was useful in oesophageal varices (OV) diagnosis for chronic hepatitis C patients. We evaluate usefulness of TE and simple blood markers in OV diagnosis for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis prospectively. Methods:   Consecutive patients with compensated cirrhosis and positive HBV surface ...
Marin Alicia - - 2012
Abstract The recovery of potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) from bronchial secretions is associated with a local inflammatory response in COPD patients. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships between bronchial colonisation and both bronchial and systemic inflammation in stable COPD. In COPD patients recruited on first admission ...
Gonska Tanja - - 2012
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION:Previous studies report a high frequency of mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene in patients with idiopathic bronchiectasis. However, most studies have based their findings on pre-selected patient groups or have performed limited testing for CFTR dysfunction. The objective of our study was to evaluate ...
Yeo Sang Seok - - 2012
Objectives: As the mesencephalic locomotor center, the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is known to be involved in control of locomotor function. We investigated neural connectivity of the PPN in relation to walking ability in chronic patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods: Forty-three consecutive chronic patients with subcortical hemorrhage and 20 healthy ...
Santangeli Pasquale P Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute, St David's Medical Center, Austin, TX 78705, - - 2012
The differential diagnosis between idiopathic and cardiomyopathy-related right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) is crucial. Signal-averaged ECG (SAECG) abnormalities are frequent in cardiomyopathy-related RVOT-VAs, although their pathophysiologic basis and diagnostic value in this setting are undefined. We tested the association between SAECG and the myocardial substrate underlying RVOT-VAs. ...
Misra Usha K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with hypertension has been reported in Asia and is attributed to poor control of blood pressure, but there may be a genetic basis. This study evaluates the roles of apolipoprotein E (APOE) and α-1 antichymotrypsin (ACT) genes in patients with recurrent hypertensive ICH ...
Pesa Nicole - - 2012
RATIONALE: Cannabis use is prevalent among the early psychosis (EP) population. The event-related potentials, mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a are reduced in EP. Cannabinoids have been shown to modulate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors which are involved in MMN generation. OBJECTIVES: This study is the first to investigate the effects of cannabis use ...
Toni Louay - - 2012
Background: Risk stratification for Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) by intracardiac electrophysiology study (ICEPS) carries risks related to catheterization. We describe an alternative approach by using transesophageal electrophysiology study (TEEPS). Methods: The pediatric electrophysiology database was reviewed for patients with WPW and no documented clinical supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) who underwent risk stratification by ...
Yamamoto Takenobu - - 2012
In a series of patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated hydroa vacciniforme (HV) and related disorders, we reviewed the incidence of oculomucosal and gastrointestinal involvement. Of 63 patients with EBV-related HV and/or hypersensitivity to mosquito bites (HMB), 11 patients (17.5%) presented with mucosal lesions such as aphthous stomatitis and ulcerative gingivitis, 3 patients (4.8%) ...
Apatzidou A D - - 2012
Abstract Aim. To determine the association between halitosis detection and periodontal status in systemically healthy non-smokers and to assess whether halitosis was related to quantities of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis on the tongue dorsum. Methods. Periodontal examinations, tongue coating determination, Halimeter® readings and organoleptic assessments of mouth odour were ...
Larrosa F - - 2012
It has been suggested that malingering should be suspected in patients suffering from dizziness or imbalance and who had a potential gain associated with insurance and worker's compensation claims. This study aimed to assess and compare the prevalence of aphysiologic performance on computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) in patients with the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >