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Acar Baran - - 2011
This study was designed to demonstrate the frequency of sensitivity to European standard patch test allergens in patients with isolated itching of the external auditory canal (EAC). A prospective case-control study. Fifty-six female patients with the complaint of recurrent EAC itching and 30 female controls without pruritis of the ears ...
Oliveira Fábio Pascotto de - - 2011
There are individuals who have a progressive language deficit without presenting cognitive deficits in other areas. One of the diseases related to this presentation is primary progressive aphasia (PPA). Identify by means of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and measurements of cortical volume, brain areas that lead to dysphasia when presenting ...
Stensvold Christen Rune - - 2011
Fecal samples from 444 Danish patients presenting with acute diarrhea were tested for Blastocystis and positive samples were subtyped to investigate the prevalence and subtype distribution of Blastocystis in this patient group. A total of 25 patients (5.6%) were positive, and 19 of these patients (76.0%) were positive for Blastocystis ...
Koseoglu Emel - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Headache is an interesting issue in Behçet's disease (BD). This study aimed to investigate if headache or a special type of headache was correlated with silent neurologic involvement in BD patients without any neurologic sign. METHODS: The study was performed on 120 BD patients (30 without headache, 30 with ...
Davey Debra L - - 2011
An association between congenital complete atrioventricular block (cCAVB) and aortic dilation during childhood has recently been reported. We sought to further explore this relation with particular emphasis on the natural history of aortic abnormalities over time. The relation of maternal anti-Ro/La antibody status to the aortic size of children affected ...
Lina Chen - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of Etanercept in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we investigated whether the Th1/Th2 and Th17/regulatory T cells (Treg) imbalance could be reversed by Etanercept and whether the reversal was related to the improvement of clinical indications. METHODS: We conducted a 12-week study in 40 ...
Potpara Tatjana S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated gender-related differences in atrial fibrillation (AF), but limited data are available in relation to gender-related differences in presentation, treatment and long-term outcomes of patients with first-diagnosed AF and structurally normal heart. OBJECTIVE: To compare gender-related clinical characteristics, presentation, treatment and long-term outcomes in a cohort ...
Cho Sung Yong - - 2011
AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine how we can differentiate detrusor after-contraction (DAC) from artifacts, and to understand the clinical implications and significance of DAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 2,309 patients with neurogenic or non-neurogenic voiding dysfunction. Investigators asked patients to cough ...
Zheng Yi-Qing - - 2012
To estimate the aerodynamic multiparameters for patients with muscular tension dysphonia (MTD) and evaluate voice aerodynamic analysis for assisting the diagnosis of this disorder. A prospective study. Voice aerodynamic parameters, including subglottal pressure (SGP) level, glottal resistance (GR), mean airflow rate (MFR), and maximum phonation time (MPT), for 26 MTD ...
Villa Chiara - - 2011
An association study of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP)-A1 was carried out in a population of 274 patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and 287 with Alzheimer disease (AD) as compared with 344 age- and gender-matched controls. In addition, we evaluated expression levels of hnRNP-A1 and its regulatory microRNA (miR)-590-3p in ...
d'Onofrio F - - 2011
Based on recent data about the association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and migraine, we performed an observational study on the occurrence of RLS in patients affected by "pure" migraine with aura (pMA). We recruited 63 patients (33 females and 30 males) affected by MA without other types of primary ...
Borer Joseph G - - 2011
A major goal of bladder exstrophy (BE) management is achieving urinary continence, most commonly with surgical bladder neck reconstruction (BNR). This is a report of outcome of BNR after complete primary repair of exstrophy (CPRE). At our institution, patient history, ultrasound, cystogram (VCUG) and urodynamic study (UDS) were performed during ...
Van Meel Tom David - - 2011
AIMS: To evaluate the reproducibility of bladder sensation during standardized filling cystometry in female volunteers and overactive bladder (OAB) patients, repeated with weekly interval. METHODS: We recruited 13 female nulliparous volunteers (age 21-47) and 17 female patients with OAB between (age 18-72). They participated in three investigation periods, each separated ...
Lee Nam Young - - 2011
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) increase the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Although ethnicity also contributes to MetS risk, the majority of the studies on the relationship of SGAs to this syndrome come from Western countries, whereas few reports have come from Asian countries, especially regarding patients taking a single SGA. We ...
Audenaert Emmanuel A - - 2011
We conducted a multivariate regression analysis (including both radiographic and activity related variables) in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip and structural changes related with femoroacetabular impingement. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the age at which total hip arthroplasty may have to be performed, can be ...
Shimomura Takahiro - - 2011
The purposes of this study were to assess and determine the range of a well-balanced anteroposterior lip position as evaluated by orthodontic patients from a series of varying lip positions in facial silhouettes, and whether the rater's sex and age were factors in the assessment. The average profiles were constructed ...
Etemadifar Masoud - - 2011
Background: The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) has changed in recent decades. Objectives: This study aimed to give an update on the prevalence and incidence of MS in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: The study population was all residents of Isfahan province during the period from April 2003 to July 2010. In ...
Claessen M M H - - 2011
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Risk factors are extent and severity of colonic inflammation, concurrent primary sclerosing cholangitis, and a positive family history of sporadic CRC. The chromosomal instability, microsatellite instability and hypermethylation pathways form the molecular background of IBD-related ...
Kerem Eitan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although cough is a commonly reported symptom, objective quantitation of cough during normal activity has not been performed in patients with CF. METHODS: An ambulatory device was used to characterize cough over 24hours. Pulmonary function and subject-reported coughing were also assessed. RESULTS: Patients included 19 clinically stable adults with ...
Gupta Madhu - - 2011
Patients presenting with a low FVIII:C and with normal VWF levels are usually presumed to have hemophilia (males) or be carriers for hemophilia (females). Some of these patients may instead have VWD:2N. Such patients if misdiagnosed are likely to suffer from insufficiently treated bleeds. We report 2 males and 1 ...
Mohanty Sanghamitra - - 2011
Baseline BNP Predicts Ablation Outcome in Male AF Patients. Background: Close association between atrial fibrillation (AF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been demonstrated by several studies. Important gender differences exist in AF patients including a higher plasma BNP level in women. Therefore, it is imperative to evaluate the relationship ...
Yesilot Nil Fer - - 2011
We aimed to investigate gender differences in Turkish stroke patients. Demographics, risk factors, clinical and etiologic subtypes, laboratory findings, clinical course, and in-hospital prognosis of 1 522 patients with ischemic stroke (IS) and 320 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage prospectively registered in the Istanbul Medical School Stroke Registry (1994-2004) were analyzed ...
Vegine Patrícia Marçal - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The method capable of best identifying protein-energy wasting (PEW) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is controversial. Thus, we assessed the nutritional status of HD patients by use of different methods and verified which one identified the highest number of patients with PEW. METHODS: The study assessed the nutritional status of ...
Salustri Alessandro - - 2011
Plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are often increased in postcardiac surgery patients. The six-minute walking test (6MWT) is useful to assess functional capacity in postcardiac surgery patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether BNP levels are associated with exercise capacity evaluated by 6MWT in patients ...
Mahfoudh Nadia - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the association of HLA-A, B and HLA-DR gene expression and to assess an association of additional HLA antigens besides HLA-B27 in south Tunisian patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Eighty-five patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS, n = 68) and reactive arthrithis (ReA, n = 17) were selected ...
Forer B - - 2011
OBJECTIVES/PROBLEM: To determine the sinonasal effect of aspirin salicylic acid (ASA) desensitization in patients with nasal polyps, asthma and aspirin intolerance (ASA triad). Patients with ASA triad were recruited from the outpatient otolaryngology clinic. They underwent a program of ASA desensitization (2005 - 2008) with prospective assessment of subjective and ...
Yasui Kohichiroh - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) can progress to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to characterize the clinical features of NASH patients with HCC. METHODS: In a cross-sectional multicenter study in Japan, we examined 87 patients (median age 72 years, 62% male) with histologically proven NASH who developed HCC. The ...
Di Lorenzo Gabriele - - 2011
Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) may present with different clinical and laboratory characteristics. Methods: A total of 1,511 consecutive patients, aged 18-81 years, diagnosed with rhinitis, 56% females and 44% males, underwent complete allergic evaluation including skin prick test, blood eosinophil counts, nasal eosinophil counts, peak nasal ...
Ganesh Sudha K - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate the role of high-resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) of the chest as a diagnostic tool in granulomatous uveitis. Design: Observational case series. Methods: Fifty-eight consecutive patients were evaluated with chest HRCT based on clinical diagnosis of granulomatous uveitis, which was further classified using SUN classification as anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis. ...
Prince Martin R - - 2011
Our objective was to determine the incidence of immediate adverse events for gadolinium-based contrast agents. All gadolinium-based contrast agent adverse events reported to radiology quality assurance committees were graded according to American College of Radiology criteria and divided by the total number of injections to determine incidence during the past ...
Serefoglu Ege C - - 2011
Introduction.  In addition to the previously defined "lifelong" and "acquired" premature ejaculation (PE), the existence of two more subtypes of PE, namely "natural variable PE" and "premature-like ejaculatory dysfunction," has been proposed. Aims.  To evaluate the diagnostic value of the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and Arabic Index of Premature ...
Böhm Ingrid - - 2011
The purpose was to evaluate the frequency of breast cancer (BC) in patients with either systemic (SLE) or incomplete lupus erythematosus (ILE), and possibly to find out immunological differences in patients with and without cancer. 133 consecutive female patients with lupus were included. The records were retrospectively analysed with respect ...
Lee Yoon Se - - 2011
The role of proton pump inhibitor in the treatment of laryngopharygneal reflux disease (LPRD) has been advocated, but there has been few reports dealing with large population based on time-related efficacy of rabeprazole. It was designed to assess the efficacy of rabeprazole and to evaluate which symptoms or findings varied ...
Maiza Jean-Christophe - - 2011
We present the case of a 51-year old female patient with acromegaly that was resistant to somatostatin analogs and dopamine agonists. The patient was diagnosed with breast cancer requiring treatment with the anti-estrogen tamoxifen. Prior to initiating the treatment with tamoxifen, the IGF-I level was very high at 415% of ...
Tanaka Yasuhiro - - 2011
Speech samples obtained from 39 idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with vocal pathologies were compared with those from 62 age-matched vocally normal non-PD controls. Voice samples collected from sustained vowel phonation and passage reading were acoustically analyzed using Computer Speech Lab and Multi-Dimensional Voice Program software. Noise-to-harmonic ratio, voice turbulence ...
Cansu Döndü Usküdar - - 2011
The objective of this study is to investigate the association between clinical and laboratory prognostic factors, radiographic severity, and functional limitations in Turkish patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). One hundred and two patients with AS were included in this study (66 male patients, 65%). All the necessary information regarding predictor ...
Janssen Maurice - - 2011
Background and Purpose. This study explores the effect of vibrotactile biofeedback on gait in 20 patients with bilateral vestibular areflexia using observational gait analysis to score individual balance. Methods. A tilt sensor mounted on the head or trunk is used to detect head or body tilt and activates, via a microprocessor, 12 ...
Singh Suman - - 2011
Background: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmenting disorder caused by the destruction of melanocytes. The exact etiopathogenesis and mechanisms of vitiligo are not fully understood. Vitamin B12 and folic acid levels are decreased in vitiligo, which are the important cofactors required in the metabolism of Homocysteine (Hcy). Consequently, Hcy level increases ...
Zheng Cai-Mei - - 2011
Vascular calcification is common in ESRD patients and is important in increasing mortality from cardiovascular complications in these patients. Hyperphosphatemia related to chronic kidney disease is increasingly known as major stimulus for vascular calcification. Hyperphosphatemia and vascular calcification become popular discussion among nephrologist environment more than five decades, and many ...
Liu Qing - - 2011
Background: Stroke is frequently followed by electrocardiographic changes. Although electrocardiographic abnormalities are well known in ischemic stroke and subarachnoid hemorrhage, these changes have only rarely been investigated systematically in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence and characterization of ECG abnormalities in a ...
Morita Akihiko - - 2011
Objective The aim of this multicenter cross-sectional study was to assess the relation between fatigue in a large number of Japanese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and drugs taken to treat PD. Method We used the 16-item Parkinson Fatigue Scale (PFS-16), which was designed to assess fatigue exclusively associated with ...
Hill Stephen - - 2011
for cardiovascular risk with particular attention paid to the QT interval on the ECG. They advise that all patients being considered for methadone treatment, should undergo careful evaluation for any history of syncope or palpitations. Physical examination, and echocardiography when indicated (particularly in those patients on high doses of >=100mls/day; ...
Moretti Rita - - 2011
Freezing of gait is a warning sign of Parkinson's disease. One could distinguish off-freezing, which is associated with dopaminergic therapy and to its titration, and it is clinically related to wearing-off phenomenon. Differently, the on-freezing phenomenon seems to be related to a neural disruption of the frontal-parietal-basal ganglia-pontine projections; clinically, ...
Rajalakshmi R - - 2011
Lichen simplex chronicus (LSC) of the anogenital region, is a benign, extremely uncomfortable disease. As very little is known about the cause of anogenital LSC (AGLSC), we undertook this study to determine various clinico-etiological factors involved in it and to assess the frequency of AGLSC. This was a descriptive study, ...
Mizuiri Sonoo - - 2011
Objectives. Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for peritoneal deterioration. We evaluated the association between peritoneal solute transport rate (PSTR) and effluent markers related to EMT with adjusted values for effluent cancer antigen 125 (CA125). Methods. One hundred five incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients on PD for 25 (12-68) months ...
Varyani Neeraj - - 2011
An 18-year-old male presented with a nonhealing wound on left lower limb, pain and swelling over multiple joints, weight loss, and yellowish discoloration of eyes and urine for the past 4 years. On examination, the patient had pallor, icterus, and generalized lymphadenopathy with a nonhealing unhealthy ulcer over left medial ...
Yufu Kunio - - 2011
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is a major complication in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) reportedly can predict cardiovascular prognosis in type 2 DM patients. The hypothesis that cardiovascular events are associated with gender differences in BRS was tested in the present study. From 1998, we have evaluated ...
Zhou Jue-Qian - - 2011
The classification, clinical and electrophysiological characteristics, treatment outcome and pathogenesis of paroxysmal dyskinesia were summarized and analyzed. Paroxysmal dyskinesia was classified into three types. Different types had different incentives in clinical practice. Patients were mostly male adolescents, and the attacks, which were in various forms, manifested as dysmyotonia of choreoathetosis, ...
Miao Xiaoyan - - 2011
Evidences from normal subjects suggest that the default-mode network (DMN) has posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and inferior parietal cortex (IPC) as its hubs; meanwhile, these DMN nodes are often found to be abnormally recruited in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The issues on how these hubs interact ...
Storoni Mithu - - 2011
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is a specific intermediate filament of the cytoskeleton of the astrocyte and may be used as a specific marker for astrocytic damage. It is detectable in the cerebrospinal fluid following a relapse caused by Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) spectrum disease. Higher levels ...
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