Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1122
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Wang Yue - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) are serological markers of ANCA-associated small vessel vasculitis (AASV) which is one of common autoimmune diseases in Caucasian elderly population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of Chinese elderly patients with AASV. METHODS: One-hundred forty one Chinese patients with AASV over 65 years ...
Suzuki Takayuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical and pathological findings relevant to the efficacy of corticosteroid treatment in IgA nephropathy patients with 0.5 to 2.0 g/day of proteinuria at the initiation of corticosteroid treatment. METHODS: In 27 IgA nephropathy patients who received 2-year prednisolone treatment, we analyzed the differences in clinical and ...
Kinebuchi Shin-ichi - - 2004
Patients with OSAS (obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome) demonstrate renal signs such as proteinuria, glomerular hypertrophy and focal glomerular sclerosis. We performed a clinical study to investigate the glomerular function in OSAS patients and the short-term effect of CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) on it. OSAS patients underwent a sodium thiosulphate ...
Bitencourt-Dias C - - 2004
Glomerular crescents were analyzed as a prognostic factor in retrospectively reviewed data from 144 patients with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy. Crescents were found in 26 (18%) patients, and detected in 2 to 100% of glomeruli in each specimen. In 5% of the patients more than 50% of the glomeruli were affected. ...
Mori Kazuetsu - - 2004
Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) in children is intractable, and the optimal treatment regimen is not known. We investigated the efficacy of methylprednisolone pulse therapy (MPT) in SRNS patients. Using only MPT plus heparin, we have treated ten pediatric SRNS patients that were resistant to cyclophosphamide (CPM) or cyclosporin A (CsA) ...
Banerjee Samar - - 2004
Manifestations of diabetic microvasculopathy are protean. Graded increases in the severity are recognised in both nephropathy and retinopathy. This study was undertaken with 100 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus to evaluate how far these graded increments could be linked at each stage and in each patient. The renal parameters ...
Wadhwa Nand K - - 2004
Membranous glomerulonephritis has been reported in association with several tumors. This report is the first case of membranous glomerulonephritis associated with an adrenal ganglioneuroma. The sera obtained from the patient at presentation stained the fibrillary component of the ganglioneuroma and the glomerular basement membrane of the kidney. The antibodies present ...
Ilkay Erdogan - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of stenting on blood pressure and renal functions in azotemic patients with proximal/ostial atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. Thirteen azotemic patients (5 females, 8 males, average age, 62.7 +/- 8.3 years) who had renal artery stenosis were included in the study. ...
Iitaka Kikuo - - 2004
The clinical course and renal histological changes in two patients with congenital nephrotic syndrome are presented. Both patients developed edema and proteinuria at 2 days of age. Steroids and immunosuppressive drugs were not used in either patient. One patient showed gradual disappearance of nephrotic syndrome and proteinuria during the 16-month ...
Hsieh Ming-Fang - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic metabolite occurring in foodstuffs. In the last decade, OTA-induced nephropathy in man and animals have been confirmed by previous literature. The correlation between OTA and the severity of CRI and nephrotic syndrome was also researched. Therefore, this study was designed to determine whether ...
Little M A MA Department of Nephrology, Lister Hospital, Stevenage, - - 2004
Systemic small-vessel vasculitis (SVV) is increasing in incidence and age of diagnosis. Presenting features may mimic those of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), a common disease of the elderly. To test the hypotheses that SVV is frequently misdiagnosed as PMR in elderly patients, that this results in a delay in diagnosis and ...
Shiiki Hideo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is a representative form of refractory nephrotic syndrome in Japan. Although IMN is thought to run a more benign course in Japanese than in the Caucasian population, risk factors and appropriate treatment are controversial issues. METHODS: The research group supported by a grant for "Progressive ...
Li Fu Keung - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is an uncommon disease, especially among Asian population. Many reports and studies on this condition in the Caucasian population are available, but little information exists on anti-GBM disease in Asians. To study the incidence and clinical characteristics of anti-GBM disease among Chinese patients, we ...
Argyropoulos A - - 2004
Urolithiasis is a common diagnosis in patients presenting at our hospital with flank pain. One of the most important steps in the diagnostic algorithm of renal colic is the presence of hematuria, but this fact has been challenged by authors reporting a negative urinalysis for microscopic hematuria in about 9-18% ...
Taylor C M - - 2004
This is a retrospective, national clinico-pathological study of past and current patients with haemolytic uraemic syndrome not associated with diarrhoea (D- HUS). Thirty-four patients were analysed and notified by members of the British Association for Paediatric Nephrology in 1998-1999. There was a 2:1 excess of males. Ten presented in infancy. ...
Barri Yousri M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pamidronate has been demonstrated to decrease bone-related complications in multiple myeloma and delay progression of the disease. This has led to its use in supportive and maintenance therapy of myeloma in conjunction with steroids and chemotherapy. It has also been selectively used in patients with breast cancer and other ...
Bahiense-Oliveira M - - 2004
AIMS: Different patterns of glomerulonephritis (GN) are reported from all over the world and the occurrence of primary GN is changing in the course of time. We report the frequencies of primary GN in a major teaching hospital in Brazil, from 1979-1999. METHODS: The case files of renal biopsies of ...
Mitra Kakali - - 2004
Conventionally poorly functioning hydronephrotic kidneys have been removed if they are symptomatic. In our unit, patients are offered renal artery embolization as an alternative treatment option. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (11 male, 4 female) with a mean age of 32.9 yr (20-51 yrs) have undergone renal artery embolization for ...
KENDİRLİ, TANIL
Bu çalışma 73 Henoch-Schonlein purpura&#8217;lı Türk çocuklarında klinik profili belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Hastalar 2-15 (median:8) yaşlar arasındaydı, erkeklerin kızlara oranı 1.4 idi. Hastaların hepsinde palpable purpura vardı. Gastrointestinal tutulum hastaların 55 (%75)&#8217;inde, eklem tutulumu 43 (%60)&#8217;ünde, ve böbrek tutulumu 25 (%35)&#8217;inde görüldü. Böbrek biyopsisi 9 hastaya yapıldı. Hastaların %59&#8217;u steroid, ...
Futrakul Narisa - - 2004
Due to the previously therapeutic failure in treating eleven focal segmental glomerulosis (FSGS) nephrotic patients (group I) with prednisolone, cyclophosphamide and antihypertensive agents (reserpine, hydralazine or prazosin) who all entered end-stage renal disease, we prospectively evaluate 18 FSGS nephrotic patients who have been treated with combined formula consisting of ACEI, ...
Al-Taee Iqdam K - - 2004
We evaluated retrospectively the etiology and outcome of acute renal failure (ARF) in 84 patients in Rasheed Renal Center in Baghdad, Iraq from June 1998 through March 1999. They were 82 males and 2 females with ages that ranged between 5 and 80 years. Prerenal ARF was the commonest type ...
Heine Gunnar H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The presence of hematuria has been suggested to indicate nondiabetic nephropathy in diabetic patients with proteinuria. However, hematuria is frequently found in patients with biopsy-proven diabetic glomerulosclerosis without nondiabetic nephropathy. Urine microscopy allows discrimination of glomerular hematuria, which is defined as acanthocyturia (urinary excretion of acanthocytes, which are dysmorphic ...
Bayazit A K - - 2004
The aim of the present study is to report our clinical experiences with MMF in problematic children with chronic glomerulonephritis resistant to corticosteroids and/or other immunosuppressive drugs. Ten patients with chronic glomerulonephritis resistant to treatment with corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs were treated with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Causes of chronic ...
Bhowmik Dipankar D Department of Nephrology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2004
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is reported to occur in 20-70% of uremic patients. There is no study from India regarding the prevalence of RLS in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. Studies from other Asian countries have shown a much lower prevalence compared to the West. This study investigated the prevalence ...
Litwin Mieczysław - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to analyze the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF), the effects of modification of risk factors for disease progression, and to formulate a theoretical model of CRF progression in an unselected group of children with CRF. The study was a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis ...
Iitaka Kikuo - - 2003
In this article, we report two patients with IgA-associated glomerulonephritis with a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) -like pattern. Both patients had nephrotic syndrome at onset. One patient was treated with high-dose alternate-day prednisolone (PSL), and the other with indomethacin and low-dose PSL. One lost the urinary abnormalities 3 years after starting ...
Schwimmer J A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Secondary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a pattern of glomerular injury mediated by hyperfiltration and other adaptive structural-functional responses. We describe 3 non-obese patients with elevated body mass index (BMI) owing to increased muscle mass who had renal biopsy findings favoring a form of secondary FSGS. METHODS: Clinical and ...
Garg Amit X AX Division of Adult and Pediatric Nephrology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. - - 2003
The long-term renal prognosis of patients with diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) remains controversial. To quantify the long-term renal prognosis of patients with diarrhea-associated HUS and to identify reasons for different estimates provided in the literature. We searched MEDLINE and Experta Medica (EMBASE) bibliographic databases and conference proceedings, and we ...
Moon Alison O - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical presentations of nodular amyloidosis, examine these cases for evidence of plasma cell monoclonality, and obtain long-term follow-up data on progression to systemic amyloidosis. DESIGN: Retrospective case series with long-term follow-up data obtained by phone survey. SETTING: Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, and Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla. ...
Keogh Karina A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine the association of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and leukotriene receptor antagonists with disease activity in a large series of patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome. METHODS: Potential subjects were identified by a computerized search of the Mayo Clinic Rochester database for the years 1990 to 2000. Patients meeting one ...
Wrobel A - - 2003
Renal transplantation (KTx) patients receiving calcineurin inhibitors-cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus (TAC)-are known to be at risk for the development of posttransplant hemolytic uremic syndrome. The syndrome has been reported to occur more often with CsA than TAC treatment. It has also been noted that CsA affects erythrocyte membrane fluidity. The ...
Iitaka Kikuo - - 2003
Eight patients with focal segmental membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (FSMPGN) were followed for 5-16 years. Their urinary abnormalities were detected by school urinary screening in seven, and one patient presented with nephrotic syndrome. All but one patient were treated with alternate-day (ALD) prednisolone. With time, urinalysis became normal in six and two ...
Ruggenenti Piero - - 2003
Currently available monoclonal antibodies against the B cell surface antigen CD20 have been employed to explore whether specific inhibition of B cells may help improve the outcome of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) and may avoid the side effects of steroids and immunosuppressants. This prospective, observational study evaluated the 1-yr outcome ...
Gagliardini Elena - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The identification of nephrin and CD2AP, podocyte proteins which modulate the properties of glomerular barrier selectivity, has made it possible to unravel the mechanisms undergoing foot process effacement and proteinuria. Here we explored the role of nephrin and CD2AP together with the integrity of the slit diaphragm in the ...
Ting William W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature regarding sclerotic and panniculitic cutaneous conditions seen in patients with end-stage renal disease (eg, calciphylaxis and soft tissue calcification). Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (NFD) is a recent designation to describe cutaneous findings in patients with end-stage renal disease who developed sclerotic plaques with scleromyxedema-like histologic ...
Deliyska Boriana - - 2003
The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of an individual treatment schedule in patients with systemic vasculitis. Clinical, laboratory, morphological and immunological data before and after treatment were followed in 18 patients: eight with microscopic polyangiitis, two with Wegener's granulomatosis, four with leukocytoclastic vasculitis and four with ...
El-Reshaid W - - 2003
There are few studies that examine, prospectively, the epidemiological profile of glomerulopathy (GP) and its clinicopathological correlation. All patients referred to Al-Amiri renal center in Kuwait from January 1st, 1995 to December 31st, 2001 were screened for GP. Detailed clinical data were collected and serological markers were done. Renal biopsy ...
Horita, Yoshio
We determined the natural history of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) among patients who presented with mild proteinuria (0.2 to 0.4 g/day), and factors associated with development of adverse clinical events, defined as proteinuria 竕ァ 1.0g/day, blood pressure > 130/80mmHg, serum creatinine 竕ァ 1.4mg/dl. We did analyzed data from 27 patients(mean ...
Oner Ayşe - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of colchicine therapy on the outcome of amyloid nephropathy of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) in childhood. The diagnosis of amyloidosis type AA was confirmed by renal biopsy in 38 patients. During a mean follow-up period of 30.5 months (range 6-88 ...
Langford Carol A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine the relapse rate and outcome in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis treated with daily cyclophosphamide and glucocorticoids to induce remission followed by methotrexate for remission maintenance. METHODS: We performed an open-label prospective study in 42 patients with active Wegener's granulomatosis. All patients were treated with a standardized regimen. ...
Sureshkumar Kalathil K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of proteinuric renal disease in older adults remains incompletely defined. The purpose of the present study was to determine if differences exist in diagnostic approach, etiology, therapy, and outcome between older (> or = 60 years) and younger (<60 years) patients referred for evaluation of proteinuria. METHODS: ...
Bianchi Stefano - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney diseases, particularly if presenting with significant proteinuria, are commonly associated with substantial alteration of serum lipid levels. Experimental evidence suggests that lipid abnormalities may contribute to the progression of kidney disease. However, studies in humans on the subject are scarce. METHODS: In a prospective, controlled open-label study, ...
Vikse Bjørn Egil - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive renal damage has become one of the most important causes of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in Western countries. Affected patients rarely have a kidney biopsy and their diagnoses therefore remain uncertain. The objective of the present study was to examine patients suspected of renal glomerular disease, which at ...
Iitaka Kikuo - - 2003
We report the long-term follow-up of two patients with type II membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). One Patients was treated with high-dose alternate-day prednisolone and the other with dipyridamole. Both had favorable clinical courses over 8.5 and 15.5 years of follow-up, respectively. One patient who showed diffuse proliferative changes lost the urinary ...
Henegar Jeffrey R - - 2003
Hypercalcemic nephropathy has been classified as a tubulointerstitial renal disease. The presence of glomerular pathologic findings attributable to hypercalcemia has been observed in only a few patients and therefore has been considered an unusual finding. In the current study, calcium deposition within glomeruli was investigated in 2 patients with extreme ...
Myllym?ki Juhani - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin M (IgM) nephropathy is an idiopathic glomerulonephritis with mesangial hypercellularity and diffuse IgM deposits. METHODS: We studied clinical presentation, morphological findings, and prognostic factors in 110 patients with IgM nephropathy without systemic diseases. The series included both pediatric and adult patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) or minor urinary ...
Filer A D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Excess cardiovascular mortality complicates systemic rheumatic disease, suggesting an accelerated atheromatous process, which it has been proposed relates to the vascular inflammation common in such diseases. Impaired endothelium dependent vasodilatation is an early marker of atheromatous disease. It has previously been shown that such endothelial cell dysfunction (ECD) occurring ...
Trimarchi Matteo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cocaine-induced lesions may cause extensive destruction of the osteocartilaginous structures of the nose, sinuses, and palate that mimics the clinical picture of other diseases. METHODS: From January 1991 to September 2001 25 patients with cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions were observed at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the University of ...
Torrelo Antonio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Schamberg's purpura (progressive pigmentary dermatosis or pigmented purpuric dermatosis) is uncommonly described in preadolescent children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of cases of Schamberg's purpura with onset before 10 years of age was undertaken. Clinical and histopathologic data, as well as analytical studies including hemogram, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, ...
Jovanović Dijana - - 2003
Continuous efforts have been made to find out precise and simple method for determination of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Cystatin C (cysteine proteinase inhibitor = CyC) is a low molecular weight (LMW) protein which is produced constantly by all nucleated cells independently of different pathological conditions and eliminated from the ...
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