Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1363
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Laso F J - - 2000
Despite the existence of high interleukin (IL)-12 serum levels in patients with chronic active alcoholism, previous studies from our group have shown that, during active ethanol intake, alcoholic patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) display an impaired T-helper-1 response together with abnormalities in the peripheral blood (PB) cytotoxic compartment. The ...
de Smet M D - - 2000
PURPOSE: To prospectively determine, using two different assays, the lymphocyte proliferative response to a retinal autoantigen (S-antigen) in patients with Behçet's disease who are under treatment for ocular inflammation. METHODS: Patients were evaluated at each visit for signs of ocular inflammation. Peripheral blood leukocytes were harvested and cultured in the ...
Granchi D - - 2000
The aim of the study was to evaluate the sensitization to metals in patients with Co-Cr hip prosthesis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from 14 healthy donors and three groups of patients: 10 candidates for primary total joint replacements, 11 patients with well-fixed implant and 13 patients with ...
Baldi A - - 2000
Recently, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the detection of circulating tumor cells has been suggested as a potential technique for staging cancer. In this report, 43 melanoma patients (including 4 in situ melanoma patients) were tested for tyrosinase mRNA in blood by RT-PCR. All patients had melanoma thinner than ...
Visvanathan S - - 2000
Antiphospholipid (aPL) syndrome (APS) is characterized by thromboembolic events, thrombocytopenia, or recurrent miscarriage associated with aPL Abs with specificity for beta2-glycoprotein-I (beta2GPI). We recently reported that at least 44% of patients with the APS possess circulating type 1 (Th1) CD4+ T cells that proliferate and secrete IFN-gamma when stimulated with ...
Artuch R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of oxygen consumption measurement in lymphocytes for the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of pediatric patients with oxidative phosphorylation diseases. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-four children with an oxidative phosphorylation disease were studied. Results were compared with those of 87 healthy children. Oxygen consumption measurements in digitonine-permeabilized ...
Kuwano K - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) pathway is a representative system of apoptosis-signaling receptor molecules. We previously described that this pathway may play an important role in the pathogenesis of fibrosing lung diseases. In this study, we hypothesized that soluble form of Fas (sFas) and FasL (sFasL) may also be ...
Fan X G - - 2000
Chronic hepatitis B is the immunocompromising condition. The decrease of lymphocyte telomerase is linked to immunosenescence in hosts. To know whether telomerase activity of lymphocytes is involved in immunopathogenesis in patients with chronic hepatitis B, telomerase activity of peripheral lymphocytes was determined in such patients. The results showed that telomerase ...
Bromidge T - - 2000
In vitro sensitivity to ara-G of peripheral blood B-CLL lymphocytes from 23 patients was assessed using the flow cytometric TdT assay. All patients had typical B-CLL, according to immunophenotype and morphology, and none had received treatment within 1 year of testing. A wide range of spontaneous apoptosis was recorded. Exposure ...
Bertazzoli C - - 2000
The BCR/ABL oncogenic fusion protein transforms normal bone marrow stem cells into neoplastic cells. It has been shown that peptides derived from the junctional region of this oncogenic fusion protein can be recognized by human T-lymphocytes obtained from normal donors. In this study, we investigated the immunogenicity in patients with ...
Tanaka J - - 2000
The CD28 responsive element binding complex (CD28RC) has an important role in transducing CD28/B7 costimulatory signals. Using electrophoretic mobility-shift assay (EMSA), we have analyzed the binding activity of CD28RC in the mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from the patients before and after allogeneic bone ...
Nakamura H - - 2000
Several immunologic parameters have been reported to correlate with the clinicopathologic status of lung cancer patients. However, these studies were based on relatively small numbers of patients and often yielded conflicting results. We prospectively studied cellular immunologic parameters related to age, gender, and stage in lung cancer patients. We obtained ...
Kornfeld S J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: DiGeorge anomaly (DGA) is defined as a field defect characterized by dysmorphic facies, hypoparathyroidism, congenital heart defects, and a deficiency in cell-mediated immunity, usually associated with a microdeletion in chromosome 22q11.2. Data correlating clinical and genetic information, especially in terms of the extent of the immunodeficiency and infectious complications, ...
Bullmann C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively reviewed 5 patients with neurosarcoidosis, who all presented with central diabetes insipidus and hypogonadism. DESIGN: This was a single-centre, retrospective analysis of 5 cases with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: Case analysis included clinical, biochemical, and endocrinological evaluation and frequent CT/MRI scans of involved organs ...
Pour R B - - 2000
Lymphocytopenia and depression of natural killer cells have been observed in patients with adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) treated with glycerol trioleate and glycerol trierucate ('Lorenzo's oil'). To investigate possible alterations of cellular immunoreactivity, we measured lymphocyte proliferation in response to mitogens (PHA, Con A, PWM, OKT3) in 27 patients on treatment and ...
Fireman Z - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate lung involvement in Crohn's disease (CRD) patients by induced sputum (IS). Extraintestinal manifestations are frequent in CRD, but lung involvement is rare. Induced sputum is a reliable noninvasive method of investigating the pathogenesis, pathophysiology, and treatment of lung disease. METHODS: Twenty-four CRD patients and ...
De Meirleir K - - 2000
PURPOSE: Recent studies have revealed abnormalities in the ribonuclease L pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. We conducted a blinded study to detect possible differences in the distribution of 2-5A binding proteins in the cells of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and controls. ...
Micallef I N - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: High-dose therapy with haematopoietic progenitor cell support has increasingly been utilised for patients with haematological malignancies. Peripheral blood is the stem cell source of choice, however, various mobilisation strategies are used by different centres. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, 52 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (median age 47 ...
Kuga T - - 2000
This study was conducted to determine the immunologic cellular composition in human appendicitis and its association with the development of perforated appendicitis. Appendiceal specimens from 27 patients with acute appendicitis were immunostained to detect lymphocyte surface markers. Moreover, the lymphocyte surface markers of peripheral blood were analyzed by laser flow ...
Markopoulos A K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the labial salivary glands of patients with Sjögren's syndrome and healthy controls and to determine if there are any differences between these two groups. DESIGN: An immunohistochemical study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five ...
Savarino L - - 1999
In this study twenty-two patients who had revision surgery for aseptic loosening of joint prostheses were examined. The concentration in serum of soluble products of corrosion from the implant, that is, chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), and nickel (Ni) ions, and the number of white blood cells (leucocytes, myeloid cells, lymphocyte ...
Salaiza-Suazo N - - 1999
Two patients with diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania mexicana were treated with two leishmanicidal drugs (pentamidine and allopurinol) combined with recombinant interferon-gamma restoring Th-1 favouring conditions in the patients. Parasites decreased dramatically in the lesions and macrophages diminished concomitantly, while IL-12-producing Langerhans cells and interferon-gamma- producing NK and CD8 ...
Miró O - - 1999
Increased oxidative damage seems to be a relevant mechanism in the pathophysiology of patients with an acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. We have investigated the degree of membrane oxidative damage through the assessment of lipid peroxidation in circulating lymphocytes from five patients acutely intoxicated by CO. Since mitochondria are a ...
Hernández A - - 1999
Peripheral T-lymphocytes were analyzed in three groups of people: (1) individuals with current liver hydatid disease (hydatid patients, n = 20), (2) persons who had undergone surgical cyst removal at least 2 years previously (recovered patients, n = 9), and (3) a control group of healthy volunteers (uninfected controls, n ...
Masci A M - - 1999
Human thymoma is a neoplasm of thymic epithelial cells associated with several clinical syndromes ranging from autoimmune disease to immunodeficiency. The aim of our research was to investigate T cell-mediated immune response in patients with thymoma. Initially eight patients were enrolled in this study. Four patients underwent surgical removal of ...
Lindén O - - 1999
Experience in using rapidly internalizing antibodies, such as the anti-CD22 antibody, for radioimmunotherapy of B-cell lymphomas is still limited. The present study was conducted to assess the efficacy and toxicity of a 131I-labeled anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody (mAb), LL2, in patients with B-cell lymphomas failing first- or second-line chemotherapy. Eligible patients ...
Marazziti D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Some recent findings suggest the involvement of autoimmune mechanisms in childhood onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), on the basis of a parallel drawn with Sydenham's chorea, a manifestation of rheumatic fever. A monoclonal antibody called D8/D17 characterizing a B-lymphocyte antigen, present in almost all patients with rheumatic fever, has ...
Sueki H - - 1999
In order to determine whether lymphocytic inflammation around the lower infundibula in male pattern alopecia is incidental or a general phenomenon, we performed morphometric and ultrastructural analysis of inflammatory infiltrates in the transitional zones of the vertex and occipital hairy scalps of 19 patients with male pattern alopecia. Six normal ...
Walsh D S - - 1999
To assess cell mediated immune (CMI) function in patients with lepromatous and borderline lepromatous leprosy (LL and BL), 35 patients were examined with the MULTITEST CMI system to evaluate cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responsiveness to 7 recall antigens. Reactions were assessed quantitatively and qualitatively. In addition, patients were classified as ...
Rabbani G R - - 1999
Chronic natural killer cell lymphocytosis is a persistent state of natural killer (NK) cell (CD3-CD16/CD56+) excess in the peripheral blood that is not associated with clinical lymphoma. In 16 consecutive patients (median age 60.5 years, range 7-77), males were overrepresented (M:F 7:1) and the median absolute NK cell count was ...
del Pozo V - - 1999
Anisakis simplex is a parasite of fish, and in the case of human infestation, it should be considered as a possible cause of gastrointestinal disease, especially in countries where raw or undercooked fish is a frequent food. Clinical features of anisakiasis may simulate acute abdominal pain, such as that found ...
Papamichael D - - 1999
PURPOSE: To analyze the presentation features and outcome for patients with immunocytoma (IMC) managed at St Bartholomew's Hospital (SBH), London, United Kingdom, between 1972 and 1996. Outcome was compared with that of patients with small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)/B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) treated at SBH during the same period. PATIENTS ...
Gratama J W - - 1999
A decrease in lymphocyte signal-transduction molecules, described in cancer patients and patients with chronic infectious diseases, has been proposed as a possible mechanism leading to an impaired immune response in cancer patients. Here we report the effects of combination immunotherapy on the levels of T cell receptor zeta chain and ...
Prat A - - 1999
Lymphocyte migration into the central nervous system is a central event in lesion formation in multiple sclerosis. By using a fibronectin-coated membrane Boyden chamber assay, we observed that migration rates of immediately ex vivo lymphocytes from patients with relapsing-remitting, with or without concurrent clinical relapse, or with secondary progressive disease, ...
Gonzalez H - - 1999
Since 1990 we have treated 60 patients with standard-dose fludarabine for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), on a compassionate basis. Three patients developed grade IV neurologic complications after treatment, with demyelination of white matter on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patient # 1, diffuse demyelination, abnormal oligodendroglia and enlarged astrocytes at ...
Bongioanni P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate some aspects of T-lymphocyte-dependent immune function in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). DESIGN: Assay interferon-gamma binding on T lymphocytes from patients with MG compared with healthy controls. SETTING: The study was performed on ambulatory patients in a tertiary care center, where MG was diagnosed according to Osserman ...
Hotchkiss R S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether apoptosis is a major mechanism of cell death in patients with sepsis. The activities of caspase-3 and the antiapoptotic protein, BCL-2, were investigated also. DESIGN: A prospective study of 20 patients who died of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction was ...
Cloos J - - 1999
Sunlight (ultraviolet radiation) has been identified as the major environmental risk factor for the development of cutaneous malignant melanoma and dysplastic naevi. This is, however, not sufficient to explain all melanoma cases. In recent years much emphasis has been given to genetic susceptibility to melanoma. A biomarker of susceptibility to ...
Paredi P - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Interstitial inflammation is a major aggravating factor in fibrosing lung disease associated with scleroderma (FASSc) and cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA). Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) production is increased in asthma and bronchiectasis and reflects the degree of inflammation. We investigated whether measuring levels of exhaled NO is valuable in ...
Tsai S Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports that macrophages as well as lymphocytes and their products may be involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Whether patients with bipolar disorder have activation or reduction of immunity during a manic episode remains unclear. METHODS: The purpose of this case-control study was to investigate the lymphocyte ...
Miller V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The effect of previous CD4 cell count nadir on clinical progression in patients with increases in CD4 cell counts has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To assess risk for progression of HIV disease in patients with CD4 counts of at least 200 cells/mm3 (stratified by the lowest previous CD4 count) ...
Lacerda L - - 1999
The major elements of bone pathology in Gaucher disease are a failure of osteoclast and osteoblast function, resulting in osteopenia and also osteonecrosis. T lymphocytes have recently been found to be involved in the regulation of osteoblast/osteoclast activity in vitro. In the present report the peripheral blood T major lymphocyte ...
Venkatachalam P - - 1999
The presence of dicentric chromosome (DC) and micronuclei (MN) frequency in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of 25 cancer patients prior to chemo and radiotherapy and 21 healthy volunteers were studied. The overall DC and MN showed significantly higher frequency compared to those obtained in normal healthy volunteers (p<0.0001). However, among ...
Foksinski M - - 1999
In the present study we measured the amount of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) in DNA isolated from lymphocytes of arteriosclerotic patients undergoing ozonetherapy. Treatment of the patients with therapeutic concentration of ozone caused a significant increase over the control value in the amount of 8-oxo-dG of DNA isolated from their lymphocytes. However, ...
Badenhoop K - - 1999
Recently, human endogenous retrovirus type K (HERV-K [IDDMK(1,2)22]) was isolated from an IDDM patient's beta-cell supernatant and shown to be implicated in expression as a superantigen. Furthermore, HERV-K RNA was found in plasma samples from newly diagnosed patients but not in those from healthy control subjects. We had earlier identified ...
Kono K - - 1999
We describe herein the case of a 48-year-old man who underwent emergency massive resection of the small intestine due to strangulated ileus, which led to short bowel syndrome (SBS) as he was left with 7 cm of jejunum and 8 cm of ileum. We evaluated the immune function in this ...
Ragheb S - - 1999
An analysis of the cell-surface expression of activation markers on B- and T-cells was done to compare patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and healthy non-myasthenic controls. Marker expression was determined by immunostaining of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from MG patients and from controls. The percentage of B-cells in ...
Kurktschiev D - - 1999
Based on the positive therapeutic results with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis, in whom we observed a clinical improvement in conjunction with the normalization of the low pretreatment dipeptidyl peptidase (DPIV, CD26) expression of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), we hypothesized that the very low DPIV expression ...
Blockmans D - - 1999
We describe three patients with histologically proven giant cell arteritis who presented with respiratory complaints. In one patient, dry cough and dyspnoea dominated the clinical picture. In the other two patients, a diagnosis of giant cell arteritis was readily suspected by the presence of typical complaints, although both patients spontaneously ...
Fine K D - - 1998
Colonic histopathology in some patients with untreated celiac sprue and refractory sprue has been said to be indistinguishable from lymphocytic colitis, but there have been no objective comparisons on which this is based. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and to characterize the nature of colonic ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >