Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1363
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Kim Youl-Ri - - 2004
Panic disorder is associated with a high frequency of comorbid immunological diseases, such as allergies and asthma, although the psychoneuroimmunology of panic disorder is relatively unexplored. The objective of this study was to determine whether panic patients have different immunological findings compared with normal healthy subjects and whether changes in ...
Yamaguchi Tomohiro - - 2004
The treatment of activated autologous lymphocyte can lead to a potent antitumor effect with destruction of autologous cancer cells, but potential adverse autoimmune effects due to destruction of autologous tissue must also be considered. This study was performed to evaluate whether administration of activated autologous lymphocytes induces autoimmune disease. Patients ...
Aksoy Yasemin - - 2004
Toxic oxygen metabolites may contribute to the development of tissue damage, and play a role in the pathogenesis of malignancies, some acute and chronic pulmonary diseases, and in cell damage by radiomimetic agents, which can be seen in patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T). Oxidative stress resulting from increased free radical production ...
Di Prisco, Maria Cristina
We evaluated clinically and immunologically the therapeutic effect of Transfer Factor (TF) in 17 patients with mild or moderate-severity extrinsic bronchial asthma. TF (1 U) or placebo was administered following a double blind protocol during 6 months (32 doses). The immunological evaluation of the patients and of 21 normal individuals, ...
George Jacob - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndromes exhibit evidence of peripheral T lymphocyte activation, elevated acute phase proteins and enhanced oxidative stress. Nitric oxide (NO) has been recognized as one of the relaxant factors synthesized and released by normal endothelium, and acts as a double-edged sword on the immune system. L-arginine ...
Hasegawa Minoru - - 2004
We sought to determine whether the spontaneous production of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is increased in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Culture supernatants of PBMC from SSc patients (n = 88) and healthy controls (n = 44) were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The ...
Mandl Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Case reports have described an association between idiopathic CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia (ICL) and non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma (NHML), and both entities have an increased prevalence in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). We investigated lymphocyte subset counts in patients with primary SS to determine if presence of different autoantibodies is associated ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the immunodeficiency in ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) and to determine whether the immunodeficiency is progressive and associated with increased susceptibility to infections. STUDY DESIGN: Records of 100 consecutive patients with A-T from the Johns Hopkins Ataxia-Telangiectasia Clinical Center (ATCC) were reviewed. RESULTS: Immunoglobulin (Ig) deficiencies are common, affecting IgG4 ...
Hensel Manfred - - 2004
Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are at a significantly increased risk of developing a second malignant neoplasm in the course of their disease. The occurrence of large cell lymphoma [Richter's syndrome (RS)] has been described in approximately 3-5% of CLL patients. Other types of secondary lymphoid malignancies are extremely ...
Sun Andy - - 2004
Recurrent aphthous ulcerations (RAU) represent a common oral mucosal disease with altered humoral and cellular immunities. In our institution, an immunomodulating agent, levamisole, is used to treat RAU with satisfactory therapeutic effect. Tien-Hsien liquid (THL) is an extract of Chinese medicinal herbs with immunomodulating effects. To test whether THL has ...
Kurosaka Daitaro - - 2004
We report two patients with adult Still's disease with an abnormally high level of telomerase activity. The first patient was a 61-year-old woman. The mean telomerase activity value for peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy adults measured by our method was 0.13 +/- 0.03, whereas that in this patient during ...
Mazur G - - 2004
Survivin is a member of the inhibitors from the apoptosis family over-expressed in various human cancers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the expression of survivin in lymph nodes, invaded by non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (nHL) and in lymph nodes reactive hyperplasia. We analysed paraffin sections obtained from 50 patients ...
Kusenda J - - 2004
Presented study analyzed the immunophenotypic characteristics and antigen density of peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) cells of 23 patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and 10 control subjects using flow cytometry. The patients were subclassified into two groups. Group I formed 13 patients with B-CLL at the time ...
Nardini Elena - - 2003
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by a profound dysregulation of the host's immune system at both the humoral and cellular level. We investigated to see if this dysregulation could be due partly to thymus dysfunction by quantifying the number of signal joint T-cell receptor excision circles (sjTRECs) in ...
Oshitani Nobuhide - - 2003
Intraepithelial lymphocytes play an important role in mucosal immunology, and are involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. We studied expression of CD103 on mucosal lymphocytes with epithelial adhesion molecules in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Surgical specimens of human colon were obtained from 12 patients with ulcerative colitis, ...
Zaja Francesco - - 2003
Rituximab is active in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and may interfere with autoantibodies production in some immune diseases. We report the results of rituximab treatment in 7 patients with CLL-associated symptomatic autoimmune diseases refractory to standard immunosuppressive therapies: warm antibody hemolytic anemia (AHA) 4 patients, cold agglutinin disease (CAD) 1, ...
Shin Hyung Ju C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with transformed large cell lymphoma (TLCL), or Richter syndrome, and patients with small lymphocytic lymphoma/leukemia (SLL) in accelerated phase (SLL-AP) frequently undergo fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to elucidate the cause of massive lymphadenopathy and a worsening clinical condition. It is well known that patients with Richter syndrome have poor ...
Nückel Holger - - 2003
A C825T polymorphism has been described in the GNB3 gene which encodes the Gbeta3 subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins. The GNB3 825T allele is predictive of enhanced Gi protein activation. This study was performed to correlate genotypes of the C825T polymorphism with various clinical aspects of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL). ...
Shapira M Y - - 2003
Nonmyeloblative stem cell transplantation (NST, SCT) aims to induce host-versus-graft tolerance for subsequent immunotherapy of underlying disease with alloreactive donor lymphocytes, focusing on well-tolerated conditioning suitable for elderly individuals or for other risk factors. However, there is a subset of high-risk patients who cannot tolerate NST. A new protocol consisting ...
Zhang Jianmin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the telomerase activity of phytohemagglutinin-activated lymphocytes from patients with Alzheimer disease. BACKGROUND: There is impairment of immune function in patients with Alzheimer disease, and the perturbation of immune system is involved the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. However, the mechanism of the ...
Mino Mari - - 2003
Clinically significant gluten-sensitive enteropathy (GSE) can be associated with architecturally normal small bowel villi and evenly distributed increased intraepithelial T lymphocytes (IELs). This distribution pattern of IELs has been shown to be a sensitive feature of GSE but to be of relatively low specificity, thus limiting its usage as a ...
Cui Wei - - 2003
In a cohort of 38 patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), we observed leukopenia in 47% of patients, lymphopenia in 84%, and T lymphopenia in 95%. CD4(+) T lymphocyte levels were reduced in 100% of patients, CD8(+) T lymphocyte levels were reduced in 87%, B lymphocyte levels were reduced ...
Granchi Donatella - - 2003
We aimed to assess whether the immunological abnormalities which have been observed in patients with loose total hip replacements (THRs) are present in patients with a well-fixed prosthesis. We examined blood samples from 39 healthy donors, 22 patients before THR and 41 with well-fixed THRs of different types (15 metal-on-metal, ...
Wong Raymond S M - - 2003
To evaluate the haematological findings of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Analysis of the demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of patients with SARS. Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong. Subjects All patients with a diagnosis of SARS between 11 March and 29 March 2003 who had no pre-existing ...
Planck Anders - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: CD4+ T-lymphocytes are accumulated at the sites of inflammation in sarcoidosis and assumed to play a key role in directing the immune events. By analysing their expression of activation molecules and comparing it between sarcoidosis patients at disease onset and patients at clinical resolution, our aims were ...
Enomoto Katsumi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Patients with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) exhibit clinical features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM-DM). The objective of this study was to clarify differences in BAL findings and immunophenotypes of BAL fluid (BALF) cells of patients with interstitial lung disease associated ...
Widel Maria - - 2003
In an effort to find a test to predict the response of normal tissue to radiotherapy, the lymphocyte micronucleus assay was used on blood samples from patients with cervical carcinoma. Peripheral blood samples from 55 patients with advanced-stage (II B-IV B) cervical carcinoma were obtained before radiotherapy. The patients were ...
Bellanti Joseph A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Non-IgE mechanisms may also be involved food allergy (FA). Our group has been studying the immunopathogenesis clinical entities in children with gastro-intestinal symptoms and in whom biopsies of the terminal ileum show lymphoid tissue masses referred to as ileal lymphonodular hyperplasia. Our more recent studies have demonstrated Th1/Th2 cytokine ...
Oh Seok-Hun - - 2003
Oral or parenteral exposure to certain contact allergens may elicit an eczematous skin reaction in sensitized individuals. This phenomenon has been called systemic contact dermatitis (SCD) and is relatively rare when compared with classical contact dermatitis. We reviewed and analysed the clinical and immunologic features of 42 patients with SCD ...
Sourlingas Thomae G - - 2003
In a previous communication, based on the total histone and histone variants' synthesis rates, biochemical parameters used for the characterization of the activation state of lymphocytes, we showed that a portion of the lymphocyte population obtained from peripheral blood of patients with bipolar disorder in the manic and/or depressed phases ...
Bannerji Rajat - - 2003
PURPOSE: Rituximab has clinical activity in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and has a variety of proposed mechanisms, including apoptosis, complement-dependent cell lysis (CDC), and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). Here we examine pretreatment biologic features that promote resistance to apoptosis and CDC in CLL patients and correlate it with ...
Zambello Renato - - 2003
The expression and the functional activities of different chemokine receptors (CC motif: CCR1, CCR2, CCR3, CCR5, CCR6; CXC motif: CXCR1, CXCR2, CXCR3, CXCR4, CXCR5) were investigated in 12 patients with lymphoproliferative disease of granular lymphocytes (LDGL). Six patients were characterized by the proliferation of CD3+ve GL and six patients by ...
Viguier Manuelle - - 2003
Lymphocytopenia has been reported in patients with connective tissue diseases, including dermatomyositis (DM). However, the risk of infectious complications and the changes of lymphocytic subsets during treatment have been poorly investigated in these patients. We investigated the alterations of peripheral blood lymphocyte counts in patients with DM. A retrospective analysis ...
Godoy H - - 2003
The present study describes 21 Argentinian patients living in the province of Corrientes, who had developed oral manifestations due to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection. Of these, 20 patients were men and one a woman. Patients were of an average age of 39 years (range 25 to 72 years). Approximately, 76.2% of ...
Juranic Z D - - 2003
Cutaneous melanoma and vitiligo are diseases etiology of which evolves around melanocytes. The nature of immunological disturbances associated with these diseases is not elucidated. The experiments performed in this work were aimed to determine antimelanoma immunotoxicity in patients with melanoma and patients with vitiligo. Twelve patients with melanoma, ten patients ...
Orbak Recep - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine whether there was any change in T-lymphocyte subsets in sinistral and dextral patients with gingivitis. The study was carried out on 36 patients (16 males and 20 females) with gingivitis. The age of the patients ranged from 16 to 25 (mean age ...
Schneider E Marion - - 2002
In 65 patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), we found an as yet undescribed heterogeneity of defects in cellular cytotoxicity when assay conditions were modified by the incubation time, the presence of mitogen, or interleukin-2 (IL-2). The standard 4-hour natural killer (NK) test against K562 targets was negative in all patients. ...
Märten Angela - - 2002
In this study we have presented in vitro data and results of a preliminary clinical trial using dendritic cells (DC) in patients with progressive metastatic renal cell carcinoma. DC precursor cells were obtained from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). DC were pulsed with autologous tumor cell lysate if available. In ...
Sato Naoto - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A comparative study was conducted. OBJECTIVES: To attempt quantification of the stress in patients with lumbar disc herniation by measuring natural killer cell activity, and to evaluate the assay methodology. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Stressful events may have adverse effects on health. Distress in the patient with lumbar ...
Levy Adam S - - 2002
Studies have suggested that high P-glycoprotein expression in lymphocytes from patients with autoimmune disorders may affect disease outcome. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and Evans' syndrome are widely thought to be autoimmune processes, however, the precise mechanisms remain unknown. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with refractory or recurrent ITP or ...
van Zaanen H C T - - 2002
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) can cause adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATLL). Two patients originating from the Caribbean area with ATLL are described. The first patient developed respiratory insufficiency due to acute T-cell leukaemia. The diagnosis was suspected because of characteristics of abnormal lymphocytes in the blood smear. The ...
van Zanten-Przybysz Iwona - - 2002
Chimeric antibody MOv18 (c-MOv18) mediates antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in vitro. To study the toxicity of c-MOv18 and its immunological effects, five ovarian cancer patients received intravenous injections for 4 weeks. ADCC activity of c-MOv18 was tested in a (51)Cr-release assay using IGROV1 and KB cells. Patients' peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Huhn Richard D - - 2003
Patients with refractory chronic autoimmune thrombocytopenia (AITP) have a significant risk of morbidity and mortality related to hemorrhage. High-dose (HD) cytotoxic therapy may produce remissions but entails risks related to myelosuppression. Hematopoietic stem cell support with lymphocyte-depleted grafts may accelerate hematologic recovery and concomitantly reduce repopulation by autoreactive immunocytes. Fourteen ...
Fernández-Mestre M T - - 2002
Previous studies have shown that infection with the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas' disease) is associated with genetic components [human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes]. We studied the TCR Vbeta repertoire of peripheral blood lymphocytes of 23 unrelated serologically positive subjects using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ...
Bouwhuis Saskia A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has become a primary therapy for selected forms of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, especially Sézary syndrome. Variability in response of patients with Sézary syndrome to ECP has been reported. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether underlying medical conditions influence the efficacy of ECP in patients with ...
Pinderski Laura J - - 2002
We describe a case of a 40-year-old man who presented with recent-onset, rapidly decompensating heart failure, and who was found to have giant cell myocarditis (GCM) on biopsy. The patient responded to myocardial rest on a biventricular assist device, as well as immunosuppression that included eradication of T cells using ...
Kuriyama Hiroko - - 2002
We evaluated the association of spontaneous apoptosis and an apoptosis/proliferation index with survival to determine the potential of such measures to serve as predictive markers for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We examined the extent of spontaneous apoptosis in tumors from newly diagnosed patients, 75 with GBM and 21 with ...
Kalaiselvi K - - 2002
To evaluate the genetic damage in leprosy patients, we carried out the alkaline Comet assay and chromosomal aberration (CA) and micronucleus (MN) tests in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 50 leprosy patients receiving multidrug treatment (MDT) and 50 healthy individuals. The Comet assay showed statistically higher mean values for length to ...
Ghotbi Ladan - - 2002
Sulfur mustard (2,2-dichloroethyl sulfide, SM) has been documented as an alkylating agent. It has been widely used as a chemical weapon during the last two decades. Despite extensive worldwide research, no effective therapy has yet been devised for the treatment of patients exposed to SM. A severe suppression of the ...
Gotlib Vladimir - - 2002
Splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes (SLVL) is an indolent hematological malignancy. Persistent lymphocytosis and splenomegaly usually last for years before patients develop infectious complications. Organ involvement other than spleen and bone marrow is rare in SLVL. We report a case of SLVL-related meningitis occurring in a patient presenting with altered ...
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