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Aichberger K J - - 2008
Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is a mast cell neoplasm in which neoplastic cells usually display the D816V-mutated variant of KIT. Cladribine (2CdA) and dasatinib are two drugs that counteract the in vitro growth of neoplastic mast cells in SM. However, only little is known about the in vivo effects of these ...
Iagaru Andrei - - 2008
Radioimmunotherapy is an effective treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). 90Y-ibritumomab is an antibody targeting CD20 receptors on the surface of lymphocytes. We present observations from our clinical experience with 90Y-ibritumomab in the management of NHL. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 28 NHL patients treated with 90Y-ibritumomab. There were ...
Marjanovic G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the presence and prognostic significance of ZAP-70 in patients with B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). Expression of ZAP-70 in B-CLL is a continuum ranging from absent to high, affecting the prognostic reliability of this marker. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 32 patients with B-CLL treated from March 2006 to ...
Sasahara Manabu - - 2009
PURPOSE: In a prior study, the correlation was investigated between circulating hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the activity or severity of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The present study was designed to explore the role of circulating HSCs in the pathogenesis of CNV in patients ...
Röth Alexander - - 2008
In contrast to other B-cell neoplasias, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is characterized by increased non-leukaemic T-cells. In order to assess their replicative history, telomere length was analyzed in subsets of leucocytes from CLL patients. Naive and memory T-cells from ZAP-70(+)/CD38(+) patients exhibited significantly shorter average telomere lengths than ZAP-70(-)/CD38(-) patients. ...
Nguyen Bao - - 2008
Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an orbital autoimmune disorder of the extraocular and eyelid muscles and surrounding connective and adipose tissue. Although mononuclear cell infiltration of orbital tissue is a characteristic feature of TAO the likely role of T lymphocyte reactivity against eye muscle antigens in the initiation of eye muscle ...
Anderson Lesley A - - 2008
Genetic factors are important in the etiology and pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Only a few small studies have assessed clinical characteristics and prognosis for familial patients, with inconsistent findings. Using population-based registries from Sweden and Denmark, 7,749 patients with CLL, 7,476 ...
Tursi Antonio - - 2008
GOAL: The aim of this study was to assess and grade the mucosal inflammatory infiltrate in different degrees of diverticular disease (DD) and to compare them with healthy matched controls. BACKGROUND: Mucosal inflammation in colonic DD has never been investigated. In particular, it is unknown whether inflammation may be found ...
Willeke Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) and to identify clinical and immunological characteristics associated with this manifestation. Since increased interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) has been associated with RP, we also compared the INF-gamma production in pSS patients with or without RP. METHODS: ...
Kimball Pam M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sustained maintenance on left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is associated with an increased frequency of severe infections. Although temporary changes in cellular immunity are seen immediately after implantation, the consequence of sustained LVAD treatment on immunity is unknown. METHODS: In vitro functional and phenotypic markers of T cell activation ...
Hanse M C J - - 2008
Leptomeningeal involvement in patients with CLL is relatively rare and the prognosis is usually considered to be poor. The authors reviewed all CLL patients treated in a tertiary referral center to assess the incidence and outcome of leptomeningeal involvement (LI) in CLL. They found an incidence of 1-2% of LI. ...
Alvarez-Barón Elena - - 2008
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a rare form of severe unihemispheric epilepsy established to be an autoimmune disease. Here we demonstrate the presence of autoantibodies against Munc18-1 in 20% of patients collective with biopsy-proven RE. Intriguingly, brain biopsy specimens of these patients showed a striking perivascular accentuated infiltration of B-lymphocytes and ...
Yilmaz Mustafa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The relationship of changes in the peripheral blood lymphocyte subgroups during Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) to prognosis has not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine peripheral blood lymphocyte subgroups in CCHF patients at the time of diagnosis and relate these to clinical outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Peripheral blood samples were obtained ...
Zent Clive S - - 2008
The development of cytopenia in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) patients can predict poor prognosis. All CLL patients seen in the Division of Hematology at Mayo Clinic Rochester from 1 January 1995 to 31 December 2004 (n = 1750) were evaluated for cytopenia, aetiology of cytopenia and clinical outcome. Cytopenia occurred ...
Alves Polyanna Miranda - - 2008
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder caused by a single nucleotide substitution in the beta-globin gene. The clinical heterogeneity observed in SCD patients has been attributed to environmental and genetic factors. The patients are subjected to increased oxidative stress, particularly during vaso-occlusive crises and acute chest pain. Another ...
Gutiérrez Félix - - 2008
To describe characteristics and prognosis of patients with suboptimal immunological response to combined antiretroviral therapy (CART). Using data from a multicenter cohort study, we selected patients who initiated CART and showed suboptimal CD4-T cell response (defined as <50 cells/L increase) after 1 year of therapy, despite sustained virological suppression. Characteristics ...
Drylewicz Julia - - 2008
HIV-2 is known to be less pathogenic than HIV-1, although the underlying mechanisms are still debated. We compared the changes over time in viro-immunological markers in HIV-1 and HIV-2-infected patients living in France during natural history and after initiation of the first combination antiretroviral therapy (CART). Patients were included in ...
Knobel H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: A warning about the use of nevirapine (NVP) by its pharmaceutical manufacturer has been issued in which it has been recommended that NVP should not be prescribed in patients with increased risk of toxicity based on CD4 cut-offs and gender. The aim of this study was to determine whether ...
Arkkila P E T - - 2008
Various gastrointestinal infiltrations have been described in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). Here, we report a 69-year-old man with CLL and anaemia in whom the macroscopic finding of colonoscopy was normal, but the histological specimens revealed lymphocytic leukemia in ileum and in colon. If a CLL patient has any ...
Tschumper Renee C - - 2008
Survival of patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) can be predicted by analysis of mutations in the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable gene (IGHV). Patients without mutations (unmutated [UM]) are at greater risk for disease progression and death than patients with mutations (M). Despite this broad prognostic difference, there ...
Aghamohammadi Asghar - - 2008
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous group of primary immunodeficiency disorders. In addition to recurrent infections and autoimmunity, cancers are more prevalent in these patients than the normal population. Increased radiosensitivity may be a reason for the increased malignancies. To analyze chromosomal radiosensitivity of CVID patients, lymphocytes were cultured ...
Omoti C E - - 2007
Sixty patients were prospectively studied with the aim of analyzing the clinical and laboratory features and outcome of patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) in a major referral center in Niger Delta region of Nigeria for 10 years (1995-2005). The peripheral blood, bone marrow cytology, clinical features and stage ...
Jovanovic R - - 2007
Telomerase is a ribonucleoproteic enzyme associated with cellular immortality and malignancy. This enzyme, besides the catalytic subunit bearing reverse transctiptase activity, contains an RNA template complementary to TTAGGG telomeric repeats, thus permitting de novo synthesis of telomeric DNA onto chromosomal telomeric ends. Increased telomerase activity has been reported in Chronic ...
Bonotis Konstantinos - - 2008
The role of chronic inflammation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been implied in a plethora of studies. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immune alterations and the immunological markers in patients suffering from AD. IL-1alpha, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-alpha cytokine and helper/inducer ...
Maddocks-Christianson Kami - - 2007
Previous studies suggested that patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) are at a three- to fivefold increased risk of developing a second lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD). This observational cohort study used the Mayo Clinic CLL Database to identify factors associated with developing a second LPD. A second LPD was identified in ...
Dong L - - 2007
The aim of this study was to clarify the nature of the clonal lymphocyte infiltration in Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients associated with lymphoproliferative disorders. We examined B cell clonality in lymphoproliferative tissues from six primary SS patients associated with lymphoproliferative disorders or lymphoma by cloning and sequencing of the gene ...
Vo A A - - 2008
Here we report on our experience with subcutaneous (SQ) Alemtuzumab in an uncontrolled study in highly HLA-sensitized patients (HS). From 3/05-4/07, 54 HS patients received Alemtuzumab 30 mg SQ as induction. Patient and graft survival, AR episodes, serum creatinines, absolute lymphocyte counts, monthly PCR monitoring for viruses, AE/SAEs and infectious ...
Jantunen E - - 2008
Some reports suggest that blood stem cell mobilization is difficult in a proportion of patients with CLL. We evaluated this issue in a large cohort of CLL patients. One hundred and twenty-eight patients with CLL underwent blood stem cell mobilization during 1995-2005 in Finland. Ninety-five percent of the patients had ...
Kalnina Inta - - 2007
The fluorescent probe-aminoderivative of benzanthrone, ABM (developed at Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia) was used to characterize the membranes of lymphocytes of cancer patients: 46 patients with gastrointestinal diseases, 13 patients having different primary localizations with massive metastases and intoxication. Patients were divided into three groups: (1) with decreased fluorescence ...
Rubegni P - - 2007
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) has been used successfully for the treatment of chronic Graft versus Host Disease (cGvHD). However, the mechanism by which ECP exerts its protective effects remains elusive. Some recent observations have suggested a possible role of certain subsets of T lymphocytes with immunosuppressive properties (T-regulatory cells) that coexpress ...
Gwak Mi Sook - - 2007
Alterations of absolute number or percentage of circulating white blood cell (WBC) subsets are associated with psychological and physical stress. Gender effects on the changes of circulating WBC subsets following surgical treatment have not been determined. Therefore, the current study aimed to determine whether circulating neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes, and ...
Ferrer Ana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of peripheral blood involvement in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) ranges from 13% to 77%. The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence and the biologic and clinical significance of leukemic involvement in a series of patients with MCL. METHODS: Leukemic expression was ...
Xing Li-Min - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quantities of bone marrow CD5+ B lymphocytes in the patients with autoimmune hemocytopenia and the relationship between quantities of CD5+ B lymphocytes and clinical or laboratorial parameters. METHODS: Quantities of CD5+ B lymphocytes in the bone marrow of 14 patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) or ...
Coelho Fernando Morgadinho Santos - - 2007
Narcolepsy is characterized by excessive daytime sleep and cataplexy. Little is known about the possible difference in pathophysiology between patients with or without cataplexy. OBJECTIVE: To quantify T CD4, T CD8 and B lymphocytes in subgroups of patients with narcolepsy and the presence or absence of the HLA-DQB1*0602 allele between ...
Arikan Cigdem - - 2007
We aimed to analyze morphometric features of the small-bowel mucosa in children with celiac disease, to assess the diagnostic limit values of morphometric findings, and to examine the association of morphometric findings with the clinical presentation and laboratory findings. The study comprised 33 patients with celiac disease and 35 pediatric ...
Neuhof Dirk - - 2007
Telomerase activity in vitro represents a radiation-inducible function. To test this effect after irradiation in vivo, we measured telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 25 patients with leukemia or lymphoma before and 1 h after whole body irradiation. Telomerase activity of the patients was compared to telomerase ...
Gasová Zdenka - - 2007
We evaluated the immunomodulatory and clinical effect of 279 extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) procedures which were performed in six patients with chronic extensive GVHD and in two patients with CTCL (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)/Mycosis fungoides. ECP was performed using the off line regimen. In five of six patients with c-GVHD the improvement ...
Oztas Sitki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Hydatid disease occurs throughout the world and is treated with both surgery and medical administration of albendazole. Some adverse effects of albendazole are known. However, its genotoxic effect on humans has not been reported yet. In this study, we aimed to investigate the genotoxic effect of albendazole on human ...
Ljungdahl Mikael - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Surgery in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice is associated with increased risks for postoperative septic complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the inflammatory and the local cellular immune response in patients accepted for surgery because of tumours in the hepatic-pancreatic-biliary (HPB) tract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients ...
Al-toma A - - 2007
Refractory celiac disease (RCD) is being defined as persisting or recurring villous atrophy with crypt hyperplasia and increased intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) in spite of a strict gluten-free diet (GFD) for >12 months or when severe persisting symptoms necessitate intervention independent of the duration of the GFD. RCD may not respond ...
Vodjgani M - - 2007
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) comprises a heterogeneous group of primary immunodeficiency disorders characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia leading to recurrent infections. Some patients with CVID are more susceptible to earlier onset of respiratory disease and bronchiectasis. It has been suggested that memory B cells, characterized by CD27 expression, can be used as ...
Watanabe O - - 2006
Background and Aims The immune system is a major determinant of the pathophysiological inflammation, which may lead to gastrointestinal mucosal injury in patients with Crohn's disease. Cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha are well-known mediators of the immune system, and treatment with a chimeric anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha antibody (infliximab) has ...
Beaudoin Greg - - 2006
: To date, the relation between the CD8 antiviral factor (CAF) and clinical indicators of disease progression in HIV-1 infection (CD4 T-cell counts and viral load [VL]) is inconclusive. Particularly, the effect of antiretroviral therapy and immune recovery on CAF production remains unclear. Using a transient transfection assay and a ...
Yoshinouchi Takeo - - 2007
Little is known about the role of chemokines and their receptors interaction, which are essential for recruitment of selective lymphocyte subsets during inflammation, in the pathogenesis of idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). Recent studies have revealed Th1 and Th2 cells preferentially employ the chemokine receptors, CXCR3 and CCR4, respectively, in ...
Montes-Ares Olga - - 2006
This study aimed at characterising the distribution of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-C alleles in a large group of patients with B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia from Southeastern Spain. Ninety-eight adult patients and 194 geographically and ethnically matched controls were studied. HLA-C was determined by polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) and ...
Nersesyan A - - 2006
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), characterized by polycystic ovaries, hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation and hirsutism, is a common endocrine disease in females worldwide. Many investigations have shown oxidative stress in such patients and the relationship between genetic instability and oxidative stress is well known. The aim of the present study was ...
Crater Jamie - - 2007
Nitrogen mustard(s) (NM) are the primary chemotherapeutic agents (Chlorambucil, BSO) that are used in treating the B-cell chronic lymphocyte leukemia (B-CLL). It is known that NM imparts oxidative stress by inducing the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) production in B-lymphocytes of B-CLL. It is likely that ...
Wu Jia-Feng - - 2006
To investigate the association between chronic cholestatic jaundice, systemic immunity, and various infectious complications in patients with biliary atresia (BA), we performed a survey of the systemic immune function in 30 children with BA. Patients were divided into a jaundice group (total serum bilirubin > or = 2 mg/dL for ...
Ellingsen T - - 2007
To evaluate the effect of orally administered methotrexate (MTX) on the density of CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) and CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3) on circulating monocytes, and the coexpression of CXCR3 and CCR2 on CD4 T lymphocytes in patients with active chronic rheumatoid arthritis. All 34 patients with rheumatoid ...
Campo Salvatore - - 2006
mRNA/cDNA gene expression of both small leucine-rich proteoglycans decorin and biglycan was evaluated by PCR real time in lymphocytes collected from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) at different stages of disease and from healthy controls. Lymphocytes obtained from healthy controls showed no or very low levels of mRNA expression ...
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