Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1363
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Kerttula T O - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were differences in the circulating T lymphocyte subsets or clinical features of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) who were positive for different HLA alleles. METHODS: Two- and three-color flow cytometry analyses were performed, using a whole blood lysing method. RESULTS: Patients with SS who ...
Briggs W A - - 1996
Although glucocorticoids and cyclosporine are frequently used to treat patients with various types of glomerulopathy, clinical responses to treatment vary considerably. Considerable interindividual heterogeneity in the suppressive effects of glucocorticoids on lymphocyte proliferation in vitro has been previously reported, suggesting that differences in the pharmacodynamic responsiveness of the immune system ...
Ferrarese C - - 1996
Recent experimental evidence has suggested that peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBR) may play a role in epilepsy and antiepileptic drug action. Since PBR are also present in circulating lymphocytes, and may interact with anticonvulsant drugs, this study was designed to look for possible modifications of these receptors and their endogenous ligand ...
Osterborg A - - 1996
The humanized CD52 monoclonal antibody Campath-1H was used as first-line therapy in nine patients with progressive chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). Intravenous (n = 5) or subcutaneous (n = 4) injections (up to 30 mg/inj.) were given three times a week for a maximum of 18 weeks. Three patients achieved a ...
García-Sanz R - - 1996
The aim of this study was to analyse the expression of NK-associated antigens in both peripheral blood and bone marrow lymphocytes from a large series of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients. 112 patients with untreated multiple myeloma (MM) were included in the study. 36 sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers were ...
Kühl U - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether immunohistochemical analysis of cardiac biopsies from patients presenting clinically as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) show a chronic inflammatory process. DESIGN: Comparative case control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: Biopsies from 170 patients with DCM and 85 control patients with other cardiac diseases. RESULTS: Nine patients had ...
Carrozzo M - - 1996
Quantitative analysis of peripheral blood lymphocytes was carried out in 25 patients with atrophic-erosive type of oral lichen planus (OLP) (Group 1), in 28 patients with reticular-plaque like lesions of OLP (Group 2) and in 21 healthy patients (Group 3) by using flow cytometry. CD4+ subsets decreased significantly in patients ...
Rodriguez-Zapata M - - 1996
The authors investigated the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) by phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated T-lymphocytes from 21 untreated patients with acute brucellosis. PHA-stimulated T-lymphocytes from acute brucellosis patients showed normal IL-2 production but defective IFN-gamma production (brucellosis patients 531 +/- 103 pg mL-1 vs. healthy controls 1024 +/- 212 pg ...
Breier P - - 1996
Humoral immune responses to Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) have been reported to occur in certain patients with circumscribed scleroderma (CS) (morphoea). Together with the isolation of spirochaetes from CS skin biopsies, this finding was taken to suggest Bb as the aetiological agent of CS. Since there is cellular immunoreactivity to Bb ...
Dayal Surabhi
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity was measured in serum and lymphocytes of 25 untreated patients with multibacillary leprosy. Both serum and lymphocyte ADA levels were significantly high in multibacillary leprosy patients compared to healthy controls. The results obtained did not establish any significant relationship between ADA activity and the type of ...
Isaksson E - - 1996
Fifty-seven patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) were analysed for the presence of blood clonal B-cell excess (CBE), defined as a lymphocyte surface membrane kappa/lambda light chain ratio outside the normal range (> 3.5 in kappa-type MGUS and < 0.9 in lambda-type MGUS). 15 patients (26%) had a ...
Yamada S - - 1996
Effects of long-term therapy with beta 1-selective antagonists (metoprolol, bisoprolol) on beta-adrenoceptors in lymphocytes of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were examined. There was a significant reduction in the number of lymphocyte beta-adrenoceptors in patients with DCM compared to that in healthy volunteers, as demonstrated by a selective decrease ...
Dhillon V S - - 1996
Cytogenetic studies have been carried out using the G-banding technique in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 14 patients with carcinoma of the cervix uteri. Simultaneously, sister chromatid exchange (SCE) was also analyzed in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of these patients, along with those of 20 age-matched control subjects. The frequency of ...
Pizza G - - 1996
Twenty five HIV-1-infected patients, at various stages (CDC II, III and IV) were treated orally with HIV-1-specific transfer factor (TF) for periods varying from 60 to 1870 days. All patients were receiving antiviral treatments in association with TF. The number of lymphocytes, CD4 and CD8 subsets were followed and showed ...
See D M - - 1996
Thirty patients who fulfilled clinical criteria defined by the CDC for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome were treated with alfa 2a interferon or placebo in a double-blind crossover study. Outcome was evaluated by Natural Killer (NK) cell function, lymphocyte proliferation to mitogens and soluble antigens, CD4/CD8 counts and a 10 item Quality ...
Stachel D - - 1995
Allogenic peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) were used for graft failure after BMT in two patients. These PBSC were mobilized by G-CSF in the same donors, harvested and given without reconditioning to the patients. In one patient, PBSC with a very high T cell number were given unprocessed, in the ...
Heesen M - - 1995
The present study was undertaken to assess the influence of nitroprusside-induced hypotension on beta 2-adrenoceptor density. Twenty-four patients undergoing nose-septum corrections under general anesthesia were allocated randomly to a nitroprusside or control group. beta 2-Receptor density on lymphocytes was measured by binding studies using (-)125-iodocyanopindolol. Lymphocyte subpopulations B, T, Thelper, ...
Abu-Farsakh H A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study the prognostic implications of the following factors in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens in bone marrow transplant (BMT) patients: number of lymphocytes per high-power field (HPF), presence of hemosiderin-laden macrophages (HLMs), presence of infections and presence of reactive epithelial cellular changes in bronchial and alveolar cells. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Heesen M - - 1995
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock, and lymphocyte subpopulations were measured in blood circulation of patients receiving sodium nitroprusside (SNP) for induction of hypotension. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this procedure influences distribution of lymphocyte subsets and IL-6 response. ...
Knauf W U - - 1995
In situ hybridization was performed to study the clinical significance of trisomy 12 in fifty patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia at various stages of disease. Trisomy 12 was detected in 12%-65% (median 53%) of the circulating neoplastic cells in seven out of 20 patients with advanced Binet stage C ...
Pandolfi F - - 1995
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 103 HIV-infected patients were tested for their mortality rate (MR) when incubated in vitro for 3 days in a culture medium. MR was related to apoptosis as shown by DNA analysis and morphological evaluation of ethidium bromide-stained PBMC by flow cytometry. MR was significantly ...
Crowson A N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous pseudolymphomas were encountered in eight patients who were receiving the antidepressant (AD) medications fluoxetine hydrochloride and amitriptyline hydrochloride, which promote tumor growth and suppress certain lymphoid functions by inhibiting the binding of endogenous histamine to an intracellular histamine receptor designated HIC. OBSERVATIONS: Lesions appeared in all patients following ...
Lea R G - - 1995
PROBLEM: To determine if patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage have a deficiency of decidual immunosuppressor cells that produce transforming growth factor beta type 2, as has been found in mice with abortion due to rejection and/or trophoblast failure. METHODS: Decidual biopsy specimens were taken as near to the placental attachment ...
Baumann S - - 1995
Ocular microangiopathic syndrome including retinal and conjunctival abnormalities is frequently found in patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease. Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most frequent neoplasia found in patients with HIV-1 disease. We have recently reported a significant association between conjunctival microvasculopathy and KS in 117 patients ...
Silvain C - - 1995
Because primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) frequently is associated with inflammatory bowel disease, the phenotypic and functional characteristics of lymphocytes isolated from colonic mucosa were studied in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), patients with ulcerative colitis and patients with other colonic and hepatic disorders. To accomplish this, lymphocytes isolated from ...
Brown J E - - 1995
BACKGROUND: When T cells are activated, they produce two distinct surface receptors for interleukin 2 (IL2). One of these surface receptors is a 55-kD protein called IL2Ra which is released into peripheral blood following T cell activation. This soluble protein (sIL2R) can be measured in peripheral blood utilizing an ELISA, ...
Gaafar A - - 1995
The T cell response was studied in 25 patients suffering from cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major with severe (n = 10) and mild (n = 15) disease manifestations. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the patients were activated by sonicates of Leishmania promastigotes (LMP) and amastigotes (LDA), and the ...
Jenkins P J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a rare disorder which usually affects women and is often associated with pregnancy. We reviewed our experience of this disorder in order to see whether these features were universal amongst our patients. DESIGN: A retrospective review of case notes. PATIENTS: Four patients with histologically proven lymphocytic ...
Danbauch S S - - 1995
A 19 year old student was admitted with generalised lymphadenopathy, paraplegia, double incontinence and weight loss in our hospital (Abuth Zaria). A histological diagnosis of lymphocytic (non-Hodgkin's) lymphoma was made on lymph node biopsy. Before treatment could be started the patient developed increasing difficulty in breathing. He was transferred to ...
Alpdogan O - - 1995
The changes in mitogen-induced lymphocyte response occurring in nine patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis and treated with 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 (0.5 micrograms/day) were investigated. Prior to treatment the stimulation indices (SI) in patients with 15.4 +/- 4.2 for phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and 7.2 +/- 0.7 for conconavalin A (Con A). In the ...
Soliman M - - 1995
In Graves' disease (GD), the TSH receptor (TSHR) is believed to be the major target of an autoimmune response. T-Lymphocytes regulate the immune system. To assess the interaction of T-cells with TSHR in the pathogenesis of GD, we tested the T-cell response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and T-cell lines ...
Suda T - - 1995
We describe five patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) that was related to using home ultrasonic humidifiers. All patients had micronodular infiltrates on their chest radiograph, and their lung biopsy specimens revealed alveolitis with or without epithelioid cell granulomas. Challenge tests were performed on two patients with the humidifier water and ...
Guo K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a role for mutation in the aetiogenesis of autoimmune disease by examining levels of repairing enzyme for the promutagenic DNA base lesion, O6-methylguanine, in lymphocyte extracts from patients with autoimmune diseases. We included primary Sj?grens syndrome (PSS) patients because of the additional relevance of their being at ...
Durak I - - 1995
In-111 pentetreotide has been recommended for the detection of somatostatin receptor (SSR) positive tumors. Sites with increased numbers of activated lymphocytes may also show In-111 pentetreotide with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) compared to various other orbital disorders. Five patients with GO, three patients with necrotizing scleritis, and two patients with orbital ...
Wagner R - - 1995
In a prospective study, CD45 isoform expression on T lymphocytes was analysed in seven patients with haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and their family members. Six patients, their parents and seven healthy age-matched controls showed the normal pattern of three subpopulations of CD45R expression. In one patient, his mother and one of ...
Pina M J - - 1995
This paper presents scanning electron microscopic features of T and B Lymphocytes in patients affected with AIDS and ARC and compares these results with others obtained in patients showing an immunodeficiencey associated with therapy for oncological diseases and in normal healthy donors. The SEM observations showed some surface alterations of ...
Wanchu A - - 1995
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a generalized connective tissue disorder characterized by fibrosis of skin and various viscera. Natural killer (NK) cells are a subset of lymphocytes that can lyse targets without prior sensitization. Few studies have tried to assess NK cell function in patients with SSc. To evaluate NK cell ...
Markowska J - - 1995
Twenty-seven ovarian cancer patients were observed for twenty-four months. The patients were grouped as follows: Group I-with complete (CR) or partial remission (PR), Group II-with stable disease (SD), Group III-with progression (PD) of the disease. In all patients, T lymphocyte phenotypes were estimated in peritoneal fluid (PF) and in peripheral ...
Iwata S - - 1995
We measured lymphocyte energy charge (LEC) in septic patients after hepatectomy to clarify the energy metabolism of lymphocytes in relation to arterial ketone body ratio (AKBR) reflecting the hepatic mitochondrial redox potential. Sixteen patients with AKBR above 0.7 (state A) tolerated their operations well without postoperative infectious episodes and their ...
Tsavaris N - - 1995
We evaluated the response rate and the immunorestorative properties of subcutaneously administered interferon-alpha 2b (IFN-alpha 2b) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and melanoma (MEL) and correlated the immune status with clinical responses. Thirty-five patients with advanced RCC and 12 with MEL were treated with recombinant IFN-alpha 2b. ...
Huguet P - - 1995
Labial salivary gland tissues from 20 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (group 1), 26 with the secondary type of the disease (group 2), 16 patients with the incomplete form of the disease and 10 normal controls were examined for the presence of lymphocyte infiltrates, epithelial damages and plasma cell aggregates. ...
Schrezenmeier H - - 1995
The clinical interrelationship between paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and aplastic anemia (AA) promoted a search for a pathogenetic link. Since the molecular defect in PNH is a failure to express phosphatidylinositol glycan-anchored proteins (PIG-AP), we investigated whether this defect could also be demonstrated on peripheral blood cells of patients with ...
Hellstrand K - - 1994
Sixteen patients with advanced metastatic malignant melanoma were treated with a high-dose infusion of interleukin-2 (IL-2; 18 x 10(6) IU/m-2 day-1) together with daily subcutaneous (s.c.) injections of interferon alpha (IFN alpha; 3 x 10(6) U/m-2 day-1) in 5-day cycles. Nine of these patients were given histamine (1 mg s.c.) ...
Cole J - - 1994
The mutant frequency at the hprt locus in circulating T-lymphocytes has been determined in 16 ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) patients, 19 A-T heterozygotes and 12 A-T sibs. Mutant frequency in the A-T patients is highly significantly elevated as a group, even when the relatively poor cloning efficiency of many of the A-T ...
Sundareshan T S - - 1994
The expression of fragile sites (FS) in the blood lymphocytes of 54 individuals, including 11 retinoblastoma (Rb) patients, their clinically healthy family members, and corresponding age- and sex-matched controls is presented. 5-fluorodeoxyuridine (5-FdU) and caffeine were used for FS induction. Enhanced expression of fra(13)(q13.2) was observed in the patient group ...
Chang K L - - 1994
We herein provide evidence for the existence of a distinct morphologic form of small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) that we term follicular small lymphocytic lymphoma (FSLL). Nine specimens of FSLL from eight patients were studied. The lymphomas in this study showed a true follicular pattern that was independent of tissue planes; ...
Montalban C - - 1994
Fludarabine is one of the most recent and promising therapeutic agents for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. We describe a patient who developed tumour lysis syndrome after the first course of treatment with fludarabine and call attention to this uncommon but potentially lethal complication that has not been previously taken into account ...
Balbi B - - 1994
Chronic bronchitis (CB) is characterized by inflammatory changes in the bronchial tissue and by recurrent bronchitis exacerbations. In addition, defective systemic and local immune mechanisms have been demonstrated and biologic response modifiers (BRMs) have been recently introduced for clinical use in patients with CB. We studied 24 patients with CB ...
Lombardi G - - 1994
BACKGROUND: A series of immunological abnormalities has been described in patients with beta-thalassemia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the measurement of serum levels of selected cytokines and soluble molecules (deriving from cell membrane antigens) involved in the immune response could be useful for a better definition ...
al-Azzawi Y H - - 1994
The lymphocyte transformation test was used to evaluate the cellular immune response in 31 adult patients with MCNS in comparison with 30 normal control and 49 patient (CRF, FSGN, MGN) control groups. The results showed that the stimulation indices of the lymphocytes in MCNS group were significantly lower than those ...
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