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Results 401 - 450 of 1402
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Andersen Marianne - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Patients with prolactinomas and patients with acromegaly often have heterogenous adenomas. In this study we have focused on patients with prolactinomas who developed acromegaly and acromegalic patients with hyperprolactinaemia. Our hypothesis is that some patients with hyperprolactinaemia may develop clinical acromegaly. METHODS: We have included patients examined at department ...
Van Wyk Judson J - - 2003
This report summarizes follow-up studies in 18 patients who underwent bilateral adrenalectomy for congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Three of these patients were young children with null/null mutations of CYP21, and the other 15 were adrenalectomized because of difficulties in their management on conventional therapy. The average duration of follow-up was 59 ...
Diederich Sven - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Severe hyponatremia due to hypopituitarism and adrenal insufficiency can be life-threatening, and treatment with glucocorticoids is very effective once the diagnosis of the underlying disorder has been made. In our experience, the diagnosis of hypopituitarism in hyponatremic patients is often overlooked. METHODS: In a retrospective study we screened the ...
Manglik Savita - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of secondary adrenal insufficiency in severe sepsis. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial testing 100 patients with a 250-microg adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test. SETTING: County-university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred patients with sepsis and septic shock. Forty patients had bacteremia and 17% shock. INTERVENTIONS: ACTH, cortisol, ...
Jane John A JA - - 2003
OBJECT: Surgical and medical therapies successfully achieve biochemical remission in the majority of patients with secretory pituitary adenomas. Nevertheless, continued hypersecretion after first-line therapy occurs and requires adjunctive therapy to prevent morbidity and premature mortality. For patients in whom medical and surgical therapy have failed, gamma knife surgery (GKS) is ...
Pecori Giraldi Francesca - - 2003
Cushing's disease (CD) presents a marked female preponderance, but whether this skewed gender distribution has any relevance to the presentation and outcome of CD is not known. The aim of the present study was the comparison of clinical features, biochemical indices of hypercortisolism, and surgical outcome among male and female ...
Savage Martin O - - 2003
Although paediatric Cushing's disease is rare, it is associated with severe morbidity in childhood and presents a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the paediatric endocrinologist. Growth failure remains an important feature of paediatric Cushing's disease, both at diagnosis and after successful treatment. However, the development of specific diagnostic tests ...
Mundy Helen R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study endocrine and metabolic variables that affect growth in patients with glycogen storage disease type 1 (GSD-1) receiving standard dietary therapy. DESIGN: Observational study. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Thirty-eight patients with GSD-1, age range 0.6-32.9 years, were investigated on their usual dietary regimens. Data on height, height velocity in ...
Pacheco Maria J Bartolome - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) are 2 closely related syndromes affecting elderly people. One of the most striking features of these conditions is the development of the disease in an almost exclusive manner in people older than 50 years. Despite this close association with age, the ...
Schippers H M - - 2003
Growth retardation is one of the clinical characteristics of glycogen storage disease (GSD) type IX. Initial growth retardation has been described in a few case reports, followed by a complete catch-up in growth. This study aimed to determine the growth pattern of patients with GSD IX. Growth charts of 51 ...
Lefournier Virginie - - 2003
Bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS) is the most reliable procedure for distinguishing Cushing's disease from ectopic ACTH secretion. However, it is less reliable at predicting the lateralization of the pituitary corticotroph microadenoma. We sought to determine whether this could be improved by taking into account the pattern of venous ...
Yamashita Nobuko - - 2003
Therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is entering a new era in terms of quality-of-life. In the current study, 21 patients with childhood-onset ALL were assessed for linear growth, bone mineral density (BMD), and endocrinological status, focusing especially on longitudinal analysis of the growth of each patient. Linear growth ...
Espinosa G - - 2003
Although Addison disease and hypoadrenalism are rare in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), early reports of the association suggested the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in these patients. Data from literature reveal that adrenal failure was present in between 10 and 26% of patients with catastrophic APS and that ...
Thomas M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that many patients treated with growth hormone (GH) during childhood because of idiopathic GH deficiency (GHD) are no longer GH deficient when retested after cessation of GH therapy when final height is achieved. These patients are labelled as transient GHD. We hypothesized that normalization of ...
Ranke Michael B - - 2003
Growth hormone (GH) deficiency is normally diagnosed when the affected child is between 6 and 8 years of age and a lack of normal growth first becomes noticeable. Some patients, however, are diagnosed as being GH deficient at a relatively young age (<2 years). These patients differ from the later-diagnosed ...
Balog Tihomir - - 2003
Adrenal gland as a major source of enkephalins on the periphery can be affected by a rare adrenal gland tumor, adrenal pheochromocytoma. It has been demonstrated that this tumor might be associated with altered concentration of enkephalin-like peptides. The effect of these peptides can be either prolonged or abbreviated by ...
Biering Henrik - - 2003
Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis is a fairly common complication of hyperthyroidism in Asian populations, but a rare event in Caucasians. In the present work we describe 2 male Caucasian patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) as initial clinical manifestation of Graves' disease. Further diagnostic procedures demonstrated unilateral adrenal adenoma and hyperandrogenaemia ...
Becejac B - - 2002
Neuroendocrinological aspects of 42 patients (33 women, 9 men) with primary empty sella confirmed by CT, cysternography and/or MR imaging were analyzed. The prominent symptoms were headache, visual disturbances and hypertension, occurring primarily in obese women (84.5%). Patients underwent dynamic endocrine testing consisting of insulin-induced hypoglycemia and anterior pituitary stimulation ...
Keda Y M - - 2002
Autoantibodies to cell surface antigens of human somatotropinoma (ASAS), human prolactinoma (ASAP) and rat adenohypophysis (ASARA) were assayed in the serum of patients with pituitary diseases associated with GH deficiency (GHD), such as pituitary dwarfism and primary empty sella syndrome (ESS), and in the serum of patients with hyperprolactinaemia of ...
Akintoye Sunday O - - 2002
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a disorder characterized by the triad of café-au-lait skin pigmentation, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of bone, and hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies, including GH excess. The molecular etiology of the disease is postzygotic activating mutations of the GNAS1 gene product, G(s)alpha. The term gsp oncogene has been assigned to these ...
Hoen Sophie - - 2002
BACKGROUND: An abnormal adrenocortical function and a vasopressor dependency have been demonstrated during septic shock. Because trauma and hemorrhage are the leading causes of noninfectious inflammatory syndromes, the goal of this study was to assess the adrenal reserve of trauma patients and its relation with clinical course. METHODS: Cortisol response ...
Müller Hermann L - - 2002
Craniopharyngioma is a rare dysontogenetic benign tumor. Patients frequently suffer from endocrine deficiencies, sleep disturbances, and obesity due to pituitary and hypothalamic lesions. A self-assessment daytime sleepiness questionnaire (German version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale) was used to evaluate 79 patients with childhood craniopharyngioma. Because hypothalamic lesions may explain daytime ...
Espinosa-de-los-Monteros Ana Laura - - 2002
OBJECT: According to a recent consensus statement on the treatment of acromegaly, its biochemical cure is defined as the normalization of age- and sex-adjusted insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I levels and the suppression of growth hormone (GH) by glucose to lower than 1 ng/ml. The present study was prompted by the ...
De Bellis A - - 2002
Diagnosis of autoimmune central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is based on the presence of autoantibodies to AVP-secreting cells (AVPcAb) or the coexistence of other autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes; moreover, it can be also suggested by the presence of lymphocytic infundibulo-neurohypophysitis, evidenced by biopsy of pituitary stalk and/or by pituitary stalk thickening on ...
Atmaca Murad - - 2002
Neopterin has recently gained growing importance as an immunological marker in psychiatric disorders. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate whether the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) and neopterin were associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fourteen patients with PTSD and 14 controls were enrolled in the study. A clinical ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2002
Central diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare disease in children. The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of children with central DI identified at Songklanagarind Hospital from 1985 to 2000. Of the total 29 patients identified, 16 patients were males and 13 were females. All patients received computed tomography or magnetic ...
Weintrob Naomi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The cortisol response in patients with nonclassical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (NC21OHD) was assessed before and during hydrocortisone therapy and the findings were related to genotype. DESIGN: Comparative study. METHODS: The study sample comprised 41 patients (10 males) with NC21OHD, divided into two groups according to the genetic analysis of the ...
Skov M - - 2002
A recent case of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome and complete suppression of the pituitary-adrenal-axis in a patient with cystic fibrosis (CF) and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis treated with itraconazole as an antifungal agent, and budesonide as an anti-inflammatory agent led to a systematic assessment of this axis and gonadal function in all ...
Cutolo M - - 2002
This paper aims to evaluate adrenal gland hormone levels in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) during glucocorticoid (GC) therapy. A lower than expected basal production of cortisol was found in active and glucocorticoid-untreated PMR patients, particularly females. The abrupt onset of PMR with clinical features similar to those of the ...
Kojima Yasuhiro - - 2002
Immunocytochemical staining and cell immunoblot assay (CIBA) were performed in adenoma tissue from five patients with Cushing's disease and three patients with clinically silent corticotroph adenomas. All five patients with Cushing's disease showed hypersecretion of ACTH (130, 190, 331, 120, and 130 pg/ml), high levels of serum cortisol (26.6-44.0 micrograms/dl), ...
Simon Dominique - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess linear growth and final height in patients given glucocorticoids during childhood for systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Heights throughout followup for JIA and final height were recorded in 24 patients. Height data were expressed as the height standard deviation score for chronological age (HSDS/CA). Final height ...
Mansoor George A - - 2002
Primary aldosteronism is a disorder that is commonly considered in patients referred to the hypertension clinic. The ease of measuring the random aldosterone-to-renin ratio in conjunction with an elevated serum aldosterone level has led to an increased screening for this disorder. Typically, patients undergo a confirmatory test after a positive ...
Tokgöz Bülent - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of anemia with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) in hemodialysis patients has been associated with improvement of several abnormalities in hypothalamic-pituitary function. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of long term erythropoietin therapy on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid hormone axis in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal ...
Mukhin I V - - 2002
A total of 107 patients with primary gout were examined. The pituitary-gonadal system is imbalanced in male patients with gout, which manifests by hyperproduction of progesterone and suppressed production of testosterone and estradiol. These changes are more pronounced in patients with chronic arthritis and proteinuric nephropathy. Similar dyshormonal changes are ...
Bonneville Fabrice - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the location of the pituitary bright spot in patients with pituitary macroadenomas before surgery. METHODS: A total of 54 patients with pituitary macroadenomas were retrospectively included in this study. Nonenhanced spin-echo T1-weighted MR images were reviewed to identify the ...
Curless Richard G - - 2002
Hematogenous brain metastases are uncommon in childhood. Three patients and a literature review that includes centers reporting up to 36 years of experience are presented in this study. The total of 2,040 patients includes our three examples of one neuroblastoma, one hepatoblastoma, and one adrenal carcinoma. Cerebral hematogenous metastases were ...
Beale Elizabeth - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU) rises with age, a high basal serum cortisol and a small response to adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) stimulation. Even slight impairment of the adrenal response during severe illness can be lethal. OBJECTIVES: To determine if age is associated with changes in basal or stimulated ...
Schöfl Christof - - 2002
In humans, the role of hypothalamic centers for activation of counterregulatory release of catecholamines and glucagon during hypoglycemia is unclear. To address this question, we investigated the counterregulatory response to acute insulin-induced hypoglycemia of glucagon, epinephrine, and norepinephrine in eight patients who had undergone transcranial surgery for a craniopharyngioma extending ...
Vierhapper H - - 2002
Patients who are suspected clinically to suffer from hypersecretory disorders of their adrenal(s) should undergo an appropriate endocrinological investigation to confirm or exclude the presence of such disorders prior to any radiological investigation. In those patients in whom an adrenal mass is found 'incidentally' on imaging clinical symptoms of hormonal ...
McKelvie Penelope A - - 2002
Multiple pituitary adenomas may occur in up to 1.6-3.3% of patients with Cushing's syndrome. We report three patients with double pituitary adenomas detected at surgery. Two patients had Cushing's disease, but trans-sphenoidal exploration revealed a small prolactinoma in each. One prolactinoma also contained small numbers of basophils. Re-operation in both ...
Vallette-Kasic Sophie - - 2002
The predominance of high molecular weight PRL, or macroprolactinemia, has long been known in hyperprolactinemic patients with maintained fertility. Among 1,106 consecutive patients investigated for hyperprolactinemia in our center over a 10-yr period, serum PRL chromatography was performed in 368 cases because of discordant clinical, biological, or neuroradiological findings. We ...
Osorio A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine whether decreases in dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and growth axis components precede cardiovascular disease or are a consequence of it. METHODS: We measured the concentrations in serum of DHEA-S, ACTH, cortisol, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 in 30 male ...
Dall'Asta Chiara - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of steroid secretion abnormalities was studied by evaluating the 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) and 11-deoxycortisol (S) responses to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation in 48 patients with 'nonfunctioning' incidentalomas and in 10 patients with 'subclinical' Cushing's syndrome. METHODS: In all patients the cortisol, 17-OHP, and S levels were measured after ...
Kudoh Akira - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postoperative confusion and plasma cortisol response to surgery in depressed patients. We studied 80 depressed patients and 40 control patients who had undergone orthopedic surgery and perioperatively measured plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropin levels. Postoperative confusion in the first 3 ...
Arafah Baha M - - 2002
Hypopituitarism is a disease complex with variable clinical manifestations. Recent studies have improved our understanding of its pathophysiology, particularly in patients with pituitary adenomas. In that setting, hypopituitarism was previously considered a permanent and irreversible process, requiring life-long hormone replacement therapy. While this could be true in some instances, recent ...
Amato Giovanni - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic efficacy of lanreotide SR and octreotide LAR has been studied widely in patients treated previously with neurosurgery and/or radiotherapy. These therapies limit the evaluation of the long-term effects of somatostatin analogues on tumour shrinkage. Neurosurgical and radiotherapy treatments cause irreversible anatomical changes in pituitary morphology, ...
Simon Dominique - - 2002
We retrospectively assessed linear growth and final height in a group of 24 patients suffering from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) during childhood, receiving steroid therapy. In these patients, a significant loss of height (-2.7 +/- 1.5 SDS) occurred in the first years of the disease which was positively correlated with ...
Feldt-Rasmussen Ulla - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare baseline characteristics in adult patients with growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) who had previously been treated for Cushing's disease or acromegaly with data from patients with GHD of other aetiologies. To study the effects of GH therapy in those patients who had completed at least 6 months ...
Kumrah L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroid therapy is known to lead to pituitary-adrenal (PA) suppression. Although patients treated for pemphigus with dexamethasone-cyclophosphamide pulse (DCP) therapy have shown no evidence of PA suppression, no study has been conducted to study this possible side-effect of DCP therapy. OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of DCP therapy ...
Argyropoulou M I - - 2001
In transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia major, increased iron deposition in the pituitary gland has a cytotoxic effect leading mainly to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Our purpose was to assess in these patients the height of the pituitary gland and to evaluate whether it represents a marker of pituitary gland function. In 29 patients with ...
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