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Kreitschmann-Andermahr Ilonka - - 2004
After aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), patients frequently present with persistent bodily, psychosocial, and cognitive impairments that resemble those of patients with untreated partial or complete pituitary insufficiency. Because of these similarities, the authors hypothesized that aneurysmal SAH may cause pituitary dysfunction. Pituitary function testing was performed in 40 aneurysmal SAH ...
Ozer S - - 2004
AIM: The clinical value of combined XCT/SPECT technology in a single device in patients undergoing (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy was analyzed. METHODS: 31 patients (19 men, 12 women; mean age 55 years, range: 31-79 years) demonstrating focal accumulation in planar (123)I-MIBG scan were further investigated with a double headed gamma camera with ...
Adachi Masanori - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is characterized mainly by abnormal skeletal morphogenesis such as craniosynostosis and radiohumeral synostosis, and by ambiguous genitalia in some cases. The mechanisms resulting in these deformities have not been determined. METHODS: The adrenal and gonadal function of three Japanese ABS patients were evaluated. Patient 1 (17-year-old-male) ...
Makras Polyzois - - 2004
Growth without growth hormone (GH) has occasionally been described in patients with organic pituitary pathology, and even more rarely in patients with idiopathic pituitary hormone deficiency. The mechanism of growth without GH remains a mystery. We describe a 17-year old male who grew 38.5 cm in height over a 7-year ...
Kim Roy J - - 2004
Hypothalamic/chiasmatic gliomas (H/CG) in children are commonly accompanied by endocrine dysfunction due to mass effects of the tumor itself or as a consequence of tumor therapy, with GH deficiency (GHD) being the most common disorder. We report the height outcomes of GH-treated H/CG patients with GHD. We reviewed the records ...
NoczyƄska Anna - - 2004
There can be many reasons for functional hyperprolactinemia, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, insulin resistance and hypoglycemia. Prolactinoma is also a frequent cause. This study included 12 patients (10 girls and 2 boys) aged 14-17 years with hyperprolactinemia. Six patients were treated for PCOS, two for type 1 diabetes ...
Lopez John A - - 2004
Adrenocorticotroph cell pituitary adenomas immunoreactive for adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) but unassociated with preoperative signs of hypercortisolism constitute between 6% and 43% of all ACTH adenomas. Few large series have been published. At our referral center for pituitary diseases, we have encountered 12 patients with silent ACTH adenomas, none of whom ...
Grois N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The most common types of central nervous system (CNS) disease in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) comprise involvement of the hypothalamic-pituitary region (HPR) and neurodegenerative changes in the cerebellum, basal ganglia or pons. In the review process of magnetic resonance images (MRI) from 129 LCH patients a high frequency of ...
Leung Alexander K C - - 2004
After infancy, galactorrhea usually is medication-induced. The most common pathologic cause of galactorrhea is a pituitary tumor. Other causes include hypothalamic and pituitary stalk lesions, neurogenic stimulation, thyroid disorders, and chronic renal failure. Patients with the latter conditions may have irregular menses, infertility, and osteopenia or osteoporosis if they have ...
Magill Shelley S - - 2004
Fluconazole is widely used in the intensive care unit for prevention and treatment of fungal infections. Case reports have described an association between fluconazole and adrenal dysfunction, an important cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. We sought to determine whether 400 mg of fluconazole per day administered ...
Lipsic E - - 2004
Adrenal incidentalomas are becoming a major clinical problem, due to increasingly frequent radiological examinations. We present two cases of patients referred to our department with a finding of an unsuspected adrenal mass. Both of them were normotensive and without symptomatology typical for pheochromocytoma. In one patient we found 20-times higher ...
Titomanlio L - - 2004
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is caused by a variably-sized deletion of chromosome 4 involving band 4p16 whose typical craniofacial features are "Greek warrior helmet appearance" of the nose, microcephaly, and prominent glabella. Almost all patients show mental retardation and pre- and post-natal growth delay. Patient was born at term, after a ...
Bondanelli Marta - - 2004
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be associated with impairment of pituitary hormone secretion, which may contribute to long-term physical, cognitive, and psychological disability. We studied the occurrence and risk factors of pituitary dysfunction, including growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in 50 patients (mean age 37.6 +/- 2.4 years; 40 males, age ...
Hoepffner Wolfgang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To show that, with appropriate therapy, women with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) can become pregnant. DESIGN: Observational clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Adult young women with CAH: three with the salt-wasting form and four patients with simple virilizing CAH due to severe homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations ...
Stikkelbroeck Nike M M L - - 2004
AIM: To study the course of asymptomatic testicular adrenal rest tumours in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and the association between tumour changes and glucocorticoid therapy adjustments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen male patients with CAH (21-hydroxylase deficiency), in whom asymptomatic testicular adrenal rest tumours had been found at a ...
Mukherjee A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported that acquired prolactin deficiency (APD) is a marker for severe hypopituitarism and observed a high prevalence of APD in patients treated for Cushing's disease. Recovery of GH secretion is recognized to occur in a proportion of patients treated for Cushing's disease after the effects of ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2004
The outcome of 24 months of cabergoline treatment on prolactin (PRL) normalization, tumor shrinkage, restoration of pituitary function, and semen alterations was prospectively investigated in 41 men with macro- (age 17-70 yr) and 10 with microprolactinoma (age 18-53 yr). Fifty-one age-matched men served as controls for semen analysis. At study ...
Cecconi Elisabetta - - 2004
GH secretion is impaired in most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), although the secretion of the other anterior pituitary hormones is unaffected. However, whether restoration of euparathyroidism is associated with reversal of GH deficiency in PHP patients is not known. To address this issue, we studied 30 consecutive patients with ...
Tzanela Marinella - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have demonstrated impaired GH secretion in patients with active Cushing's syndrome (CS). It has been suggested that persistence of GH deficiency, despite treatment of cortisol excess, may delay the recovery of these patients and therefore temporary treatment with GH may have some benefit. However, the time course ...
Zacharieva Sabina - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and active renin levels in patients with hormonally active adrenal tumours. DESIGN: The study was comprised of 16 patients with primary aldosteronism, 13 patients with active Cushing's syndrome due to adrenal adenomas, ...
Donadieu Jean - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To document the frequency and outcome of endocrine involvement in pediatric-onset Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH), and the association with other types of organ involvement. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective nationwide multicenter study involved 589 patients with pediatric-onset LCH, 148 of whom had endocrine dysfunction. Median follow-up was 11.6 years. RESULTS: ...
Kushlinskii N E - - 2004
The mean blood content of interleukin-6 in patients with adrenal tumors was much higher than in healthy donors. No correlations were revealed between interleukin-6 level, patients sex and age, stage and duration of the disease. Interleukin-6 concentration was maximum in patients with adrenocortical cancer. A negative correlation was found between ...
Pitteloud Nelly - - 2004
Hypogonadism has traditionally been classified as either hypogonadotropic or hypergonadotropic based on serum gonadotropin levels. However, when hypothalamic suppression of GnRH secretion occurs, it can mask an underlying hypergonadotropic state. In this report we document the unusual case of a 61-yr-old man with androgen insensitivity and coincidental functional hypogonadotropic hypogonadism ...
Brandt L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The reason for longstanding fatigue following aneurysmal subarachnoidal hemorrhage (SAH) is still not clarified. The bleed from supratentorial aneurysms is often in the vicinity of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland making an endocrine dysfunction plausible. METHODS: Ten patients with post-SAH fatigue were investigated with 3D-CBF (SPECT) and underwent an ...
Dimopoulou Ioanna - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in patients requiring mechanical ventilation for traumatic brain injury and to assess the relation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis abnormalities with vasopressor dependence and peripheral cytokine levels. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: General intensive care unit in a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Forty patients (33 men and ...
Dumic Miroslav - - 2004
This is the first report of nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) deficiency in Croatia in which the patients have been evaluated clinically, hormonally, and by molecular genetic analysis. Genetic analysis was performed on 18 Croatian patients with nonclassic CAH due to 21-OH deficiency using allele-specific PCR. ACTH ...
Maciel Gustavo Arantes Rosa - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical, hormonal, and biochemical effects of metformin therapy in obese and nonobese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Controlled clinical study. SETTING: Department of Gynecology of Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. PATIENT(S): Twenty-nine patients with PCOS. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were treated with 500 ...
De Rosa Michele - - 2004
This open longitudinal study investigated the prevalence of depressed sexual potency by monitoring erectile dysfunction using nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) in 51 consecutive men with hyperprolactinemia (41 macroprolactinomas and 10 microprolactinomas) and evaluated potential reversibility of sexual failure after 6 months of treatment with cabergoline. Fifty-one healthy men served as ...
Kovacs Kalman - - 2004
Pituitary morphologic changes in patients with Erdheim-Chester disease have not been described in detail. We report here the histologic and immunohistochemical findings in the autopsy obtained pituitary of a 35-yr-old woman with extensively disseminated Erdheim-Chester disease. The posterior lobe was completely replaced by xanthogranulomatous infiltrates, providing an explanation for the ...
Tatsumi Ke-ita - - 2003
Among pituitary disorders having mass effect of the pituitary gland, nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma and lymphocytic hypophysitis are difficult to differentiate without histological examination. In order to efficiently distinguish lymphocytic hypophysitis and pituitary tumors, we studied the presence of autoantibodies against prohormone-processing enzymes, prohormone convertase (PC) 1/3, PC2, carboxypeptidase E (CPE), ...
Mukherjee Annice - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Prolactin deficiency has been the subject of many scientific studies, but there is a paucity of information regarding prolactin deficiency in humans. In this report, adults with disease of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA) were studied to determine the prevalence of severe acquired prolactin deficiency (APD) and the pathophysiological characteristics ...
Lange Martin - - 2003
The aim was to reevaluate a group of adults treated for idiopathic childhood onset GH deficiency (GHD) after 18 yr without GH treatment. Twenty-six (11 females) patients participated. All but two had isolated GHD. Childhood diagnosis was established by insulin tolerance test (ITT). The patients were retested with an ITT ...
Toldy Erzs?bet - - 2003
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of macroprolactin, a macromolecule with reduced bioactivity, in hyperprolactinemic patients. Prolactin was measured before and after precipitation of macroprolactin by polyethylene glycol in 306 patients. Only patients with prolactin values >700 mIU/L (n = 270) entered the study. In 23% ...
Conceição Flavia Lucia - - 2003
We have evaluated the GH peak response to insulin tolerance test (ITT) and to GHRH+arginine in 11 patients cured of acromegaly after treatment with surgery/radiotherapy and compared them to a control group matched for age and sex. GH peak response was significantly higher in the control group than in the ...
Decaux G - - 2003
Patients with hyponatremia related to adrenocorticotropic deficiency are not easily distinguished by routine laboratory studies from patients with nonendocrine inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). We wanted to investigate whether, in the routine biological analysis of such patients, some parameters could help to better identify this subgroup of hyponatremic patients. ...
Webb Susan M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) is associated with fatigue, tiredness and myalgias, which improve after initiating recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy. AIM: To conduct an extensive neuromuscular investigation of patients with AGHD in an attempt to explain their neuromuscular symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty adult patients (11 males) with ...
Pekic Sandra - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of circulating cortisol levels on the somatotroph responsiveness to the most potent stimuli of growth hormone (GH) secretion, the GHRH+GHRP-6 test. We studied 12 patients with hypocortisolism (10 with Addison's disease and 2 with isolated ACTH deficiency) before and after ...
Saeki Takako - - 2003
Although pheochromocytoma in a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is considered extremely rare, we recently encountered 4 ESRD patients with pheochromocytoma. Three were symptomatic, and in the fourth patient the tumor was discovered as an adrenal incidentaloma. Plasma catecholamine levels were significantly increased in two patients. In each case, ...
Cunha K S G - - 2003
The hallmark of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is the development of multiple neurofibromas. Solitary neurofibroma may occur in an individual who does not have NF1, but multiple neurofibromas tend to develop only in those with NF1. It has been suggested that hormones may influence the neurofibromas of patients with NF1. ...
Suliman Abdulwahab M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Macroprolactin (big big prolactin) has reduced bioactivity and is measured by immunoassays for prolactin when it accumulates in the plasma of some individuals. We applied normative data for serum prolactin after treatment of sera to remove macroprolactin to elucidate the contribution of macroprolactin to misleading diagnoses, inappropriate investigations, and ...
Johnson Michelle D - - 2003
A validated quality of life (QOL) measure, the SF-36 questionnaire, was used to assess patients' perception of the impact of a pituitary adenoma, prior to treatment, on his or her physical and mental functioning. Of 270 new patients evaluated for pituitary disease at the University of Virginia Pituitary Clinic, 168 ...
Strachan Mark W J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Macroprolactin is a complex of prolactin (PRL) and IgG and may account for a significant proportion of cases of 'idiopathic hyperprolactinaemia'. In this study, we sought to determine the prevalence and clinical features of macroprolactinaemia in patients diagnosed with hyperprolactinaemia in our region, with a view to determining how ...
Cetinkaya Ergun - - 2003
To describe the presence of dysregulations in steroid biosynthesis and the risk of functional ovarian hyperandrogenism (FOH) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)-like development in children with hyperandrogenism, 28 girls were studied. Adrenal steroidogenic profile was defined by basal and ACTH-stimulated levels of 17OHP, cortisol, DHEAS and androstenedione, and delta precursor/delta ...
Cannavò S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Since Cushing's disease due to large pituitary tumors is rare, we evaluated biochemical characteristics at entry and the results of first surgical approach and of adjuvant therapeutic strategies during a long-term follow-up period. DESIGN: We studied 26 patients (nine male, 17 female; 42.5+/-12.7 years, mean+/-s.e.) with ACTH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma ...
Emral Rifat - - 2003
Subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) is being detected with increased frequency in patients with adrenal incidentaloma. In the current study, we evaluated the prevalence of SCS in 70 patients with adrenal incidentaloma and compared the main findings on them with other patients with nonfunctional adrenal incidentaloma (NFA). Overnight 3 mg dexamethasone ...
Alves S T F - - 2003
We conducted a study of the basal levels of gonadotropins in 38 patients with Turner's syndrome, 14 of whom were using hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The gonadotropin levels were compared with pubertal development and HRT. Seven patients had presented spontaneous menarche; five patients maintained their periods and normal gonadotropin levels, ...
Suzuki H - - 2003
Patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) with trace elements (TE) may exhibit T (1) shortening in the anterior pituitary gland and basal ganglia. The purposes of this study were to clarify at what time or from what site the signal change begins in children. Retrospective analysis of magnetic resonance imaging ...
Wu K H - - 2003
Patients with beta-thalassemia major still suffer growth retardation. After excluding patients with cortisol deficiency, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, delayed puberty, malnutrition, severe congestive heart failure, and severely impaired liver function, 29 patients were enrolled in this study. Fifteen (52%) patients exhibited growth retardation and underwent two growth hormone (GH) provocation tests. Eight ...
Horner K C - - 2003
Stress is an unavoidable every-day phenomenon. Physiological coping with stress depends on the appropriate release of stress hormones as well as their alleviation at the termination of the stress. Despite quite a body of research indicating that stress affects inner ear function, this concept has found little application in otolaryngology. ...
Cozzi Renato - - 2003
The effects of a very prolonged treatment with octreotide (OC)-long-acting repeatable (LAR) were retrospectively evaluated in 110 patients with acromegaly, showing a GH/IGF-I decrease of at least 20% vs. baseline after a short-term (6-month) OC-LAR challenge. OC-LAR was given (20 mg, im, every 28 d for 3 injections, then individually ...
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