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Vela Marcelo F MF Division of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, 13400 East Shea Boulevard, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is frequently diagnosed by symptoms and good response to acid suppression with proton pump inhibitors. Further work up is required when the diagnosis of GERD is uncertain, for alarm symptoms, PPI-refractoriness, and often for extraesophageal presentations. Useful tools include endoscopy for mucosal assessment and reflux monitoring ...
Guerra Jiménez Gloria G Servicio de ORL, Complejo Hospitalario Insular Materno Infantil, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chiari malformation is an alteration of the base of the skull with herniation through the foramen magnum of the brain stem and cerebellum. Although the most common presentation is occipital headache, the association of audio-vestibular symptoms is not rare. The aim of our study was to describe audio-vestibular signs and ...
Camilleri Michael M Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (C.E.N.T.E.R.), Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
OBJECTIVES:Approximately 25% of patients with irritable bowel syndrome-diarrhea (IBS-D) have increased total fecal bile acids (BA) and serum C4 (surrogate for BA synthesis). BA synthesis-related genes (KLB and FGFR4) are associated with colonic transit (CT) in IBS-D. Our aims were: (i) to compare phenotype and pathophysiology in IBS-D patients with ...
Goodrich Gregory L GL Department of Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, 795 Willow Road Bldg T-365, Menlo Park, CA 94025. - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are signature injuries of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. The conditions can be comorbid and have overlapping signs and symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose and treat each. TBI is associated with numerous changes in vision function, but vision problems secondary ...
Zhou Bo B 1 Department of Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University , Nanjing, People's Republic of China - - 2014
Abstract Background: Low serum albumin concentration is a predictor of failure of source control for intra-abdominal infection. However, data on dynamics of albumin synthesis in these patients and to what extent these changes contribute to hypoalbuminemia are relatively scarce. We investigated in a group of patients with gastrointestinal fistula the ...
Cisco Robin M - - 2012
HYPOTHESIS African American patients exhibit different intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) profiles than non-African American patients. DESIGN Retrospective review. SETTING University medical center. PATIENTS Nine hundred ten patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism between July 2005 and August 2010. INTERVENTIONS All patients underwent preoperative imaging with ultrasonography and sestamibi; operative ...
Ozdemir D - - 2012
The aim of the study was to determine the possible role of Chernobyl disaster on changing clinical features of thyroid carcinoma (TC) in a moderately iodine deficient region. We retrospectively reviewed demographical features, presenting symptoms, tumor size, histopathological diagnosis and distant metastates in 160 patients with TC diagnosed between 1990-2007. ...
Li Yi - - 2012
The aim of this study is to compare the secretory profiles and diagnostic power of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) for the PCOS patient with and without hyperandrogenism. One hundred and thirty-one PCOS patients with oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea were recruited into the study. Sixty-two and sixty-nine patients had and did not have ...
Caldarella Carmelo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Parathyroid scintigraphy using (99m)Tc-MIBI is not currently considered a valuable diagnostic tool for the localization of involved glands in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). However, published data about its diagnostic accuracy are discordant and a meta-analysis about this topic is still lacking. The aim of our study is to ...
Guitelman M - - 2012
The term primary empty sella (PES) makes reference to the herniation of the subarachnoid space within the sella turcica in patients with no history of pituitary tumor, surgery or radiotherapy. To retrospectively assess clinical features, radiological findings and the biochemical endocrine function from the records of 175 patients with a ...
Korkmaz Levent L Department of Cardiology, Ahi Evren Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey. - - 2013
To investigate whether or not patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) have increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). Sixty-one patients with newly diagnosed SH and without any known cardiovascular disease were enrolled. Twenty-four subjects matched for age, gender and body mass index without any thyroid dysfunctions were included as a control group. ...
Horáček J - - 2012
Numerous abnormalities of thyroid hormones in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have been described. Our aim was to analyze the impact of these abnormalities on survival. In 167 haemodialyzed ESRD patients, TSH and thyroid hormone levels (T4, fT4, T3, fT3, rT3) were determined. The patients were then prospectively followed up for ...
Eryilmaz Ozlem Gun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To analyze the changes in the endometrial thickness in infertile polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients throughout an entire menstrual cycle and compare the changes to those seen in infertile patients without PCOS. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 58 non-obese, infertile women with PCOS. ...
Hong Brian W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite lack of evidence-based support, chest X-ray (CXR) prior to thyroid surgery is often used to identify tracheal deviation that may predict difficulty with intubation. The aim of this study is to establish the utility of preoperative CXR to assess tracheal deviation in this group of patients. METHODS: We ...
Hammar Oskar - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Many patients, especially women, suffer from severe gastrointestinal pain and dysmotility for several years without being diagnosed. Depletion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the enteric nervous system (ENS) has been described in some patients. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of GnRH in ENS ...
El-Bassyouni Hala T - - 2012
This study analyzes the body anthropometric measurements in females with Turner syndrome (TS) not treated with recombinant human growth hormone. Height, weight, head circumference, and body mass index (BMI) data were collected from 93 patients. Their ages ranged from 6 months to 24 years (mean 10 ± 4.3 years). Chromosomal analysis revealed: ...
Prpic Marin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess efficiency of various I-131 activities on thyroid remnant ablation in thyroid cancer patients. The significance of patients' characteristics, pathologic features and levels of Tg were analyzed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 259 consecutive differentiated thyroid cancer patients, with disease confined to the thyroid, treated with I-131 ...
Bae Jae Hyun - - 2012
This study was conducted to review the clinical characteristics of parathyroid carcinoma (PC) and to evaluate potential preoperative predictive factors for PC in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We performed a retrospective review of electronic medical records of 194 patients with pathologically confirmed PHPT in affiliated teaching hospitals of Seoul ...
Jeong Jun Soo - - 2012
The study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of coexisting chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and to evaluate the influence on prognosis. A total of 1,357 patients who underwent thyroid surgery for PTC were included. The clinicopathological characteristics were identified. Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy (n ...
Nukumizu LA - - 2012
Objective: To assess reproductive function in male ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients in comparison to healthy controls. Methods: Twenty AS patients were compared to 24 healthy male subjects with regard to demographic data, urological examination, testicular ultrasound (US), semen analysis, anti-sperm antibodies, and hormone profile. Exclusion criteria were present use of ...
Asano Tomoko - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to determine clinical features of hypopituitarism in elderly subjects. Thirty-one elderly patients with hypopituitarism were enrolled. They were 19 males and 12 females, with the ages of 70.7±5.4 years ranging from 62 to 80 years. High prevalence of hyponatremia (80.6%), and hypoglycemia (29.0%) was found, ...
Padovani Rosália P RP Thyroid Diseases Center and Laboratory of Molecular and Translational Endocrinology, Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo , São Paulo, - - 2012
There is a concern regarding the use of iodinated contrast agents (ICA) for chest and neck computed tomography (CT) to localize metastatases in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). This is because the iodine in ICA can compete with (131)I and interfere with subsequent whole scans or radioactive iodine treatment. ...
Moin Tannaz - - 2012
Introduction:Little is known about pituitary function in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). This study evaluated pituitary function in a large series of patients awaiting neurosurgical correction for NPH. We also sought to ascertain whether surgical correction of hydrocephalus would result in improvement of any noted pituitary dysfunction.Methods:Patients with NPH ...
Leung Angela M - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the mechanisms of iodine-induced hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, identify the risk factors for thyroid dysfunction following an iodine load, and summarize the major sources of excess iodine exposure. RECENT FINDINGS: Excess iodine is generally well tolerated, but individuals with underlying thyroid disease or other risk factors ...
Tonduti Davide D Child Neurology and Psychiatry Unit, IRCCS C. Mondino National Institute of Neurology Foundation, Via Mondino 2, Pavia, Italy. - - 2013
Monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) deficiency is an X-linked disorder resulting from an impairment of the transcellular transportation of thyroid hormones. Within the central nervous system thyroid hormone transport is normally mediated by MCT8. Patients are described as affected by a static or slowly progressive clinical picture which consists of variable ...
Mazeh Haggi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of our study was to create a preoperative "index" that could predict the likelihood of additional hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands and let the surgeon determine whether to wait for the intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) or to explore further. BACKGROUND:: During parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), discovering a minimally ...
Kim Mee Kyoung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Transfusional iron overload primarily results in reticuloendothelial iron accumulation, which is considered to be less harmful than parenchymal iron accumulation. However, systematic and comprehensive data on endocrine function in transfusion-associated hemochromatosis are limited. METHODS: We examined 25 aplastic anemia patients (11 men and 14 women) diagnosed with transfusion-associated hemochromatosis ...
Mai Vinh Q - - 2012
Objectives: To review a step-wise approach to the evaluation and treatment of subclinical hyperthyroidism.Methods: Articles published from 2007-2012 were reviewed and applied to the clinical management of subclinical hyperthyroidism.Results: Subclinical hyperthyroidism is encountered on a daily basis in clinical practice. When evaluating patients with a suppressed serum thyroid stimulating hormone ...
Castells Ignasi - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide incidence of thyroid cancer has increased in recent decades. OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence of the diagnostic and care efficiency of a monographic thyroid nodule clinic integrating clinical examination, ultrasound examination, and cytology with on site evaluation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients attending the monographic thyroid nodule clinic from January ...
Raza Syed A - - 2012
In the month of Ramadan, patients with thyroid diseases, most of the time, do not need treatment adjustments and can fast safely without any health hazards. Patients with hypothyroidism taking thyroxine can take their tablets on an empty stomach at bedtime instead of half an hour before Sehr. Patients with ...
Langrand C - - 2012
AIM: To assess clinical features, treatment and outcome of Hypothalamo-pituitary (HP) sarcoidosis and to determine whether HP is associated with a particular clinical phenotype of sarcoidosis. DESIGN: Multicentric retrospective study. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. Each patient was matched with two controls. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were identified (10 women, 14 men). ...
Aksoy Tamer - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of quantifying salivary gland scintigraphy in correlation to the labial biopsy findings of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Thirty patients suspected of having SS referred to our clinic for salivary gland scintigraphy were included to this study. All patients underwent salivary ...
Ozcan Kazim Serhan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism is a reversible cause of atrioventricular (AV) block. Few reports have described reversible AV block caused by hyperthyroidism. However, it is unknown whether patients with AV block are expected to have a benign course after the initiation of appropriate therapy for thyroid dysfunction. METHODS: The study group consisted ...
Ianni F F Unit of Endocrinology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo Agostino Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, - - 2013
Patients with autonomously functioning thyroid nodules (AFTN) may not have an abnormal TSH value, particularly in iodine-deficient areas. To verify the accuracy of TSH as screening test in detecting AFTN and to evaluate ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodules which have resulted autonomously functioning at thyroid scintigraphy (TS). Seventy-eight patients with ...
Chen Y-L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and clinical features of myasthenia gravis (MG) patients with and without autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1999 and 2009, we reviewed a total of 1482 patients with MG. On the basis of thyroid evaluations, as well ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Low-triiodothyronine syndrome (LT3S) is a condition characterized by decreased total serum T3 and free T3 (fT3) with normal levels of thyroxine (fT4) and thyrotropin (TSH). Experimental studies have shown that altered thyroid hormones (THs) metabolism modifies cardiovascular homeostasis.The aim of the study was to evaluate prospectively the reversibility and ...
Mavragani Clio P - - 2012
Involvement of several components of the endocrine system has been proposed as significant player in primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS) pathogenesis and clinical expression. Hypoactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been previously demonstrated in patients with primary SS as a result either of a pituitary defect and/or of adrenal gland ...
Saito Osamu - - 2012
AIM: Low free triiodothyronine (fT3) has been associated with the presence of malnutrition-inflammation syndrome in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and decreased overall survival in ESRD. Since thyroid hormone has a particular effect on body fluid status, we hypothesized that hemodialysis patients with low-T3 syndrome might have interstitial edema. ...
Murakami Nobuyuki - - 2012
Growth hormone (GH) therapy is now widely given to Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients to encourage growth in body height and to prevent obesity. Scoliosis, one of the complications in this syndrome, is thought to be accelerated in parallel with a rapid increase in body height, especially during adolescence. To determine ...
Yasuji Inamo - - 2012
We report on a 24-year-old woman with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who developed subacute thyroiditis (SAT) while being treated with etanercept. She had suffered from JIA for 12 years, and her arthritis proved refractory to treatment with ibuprofen, prednisolone, and methotrexate. For the past 5 years, the patient had been treated successfully ...
Padovani Rosália - - 2012
Background: There is a concern regarding the use of iodinated contrast agents (ICA) for chest and neck computed tomography (CT) to localize metastatases in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). This is because the iodine in ICA can compete with 131I and interfere with subsequent whole scans or radioactive iodine ...
Besouw Martine T P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cystinosis is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by intralysosomal cystine accumulation. Growth retardation is more pronounced in cystinosis than in other chronic kidney diseases and is mostly not corrected by cysteamine. METHODS: Growth was evaluated in nine cystinosis patients, all treated with cysteamine, both after cysteamine and recombinant human ...
Tomoda Chisato - - 2012
Background: Recently, we reported that the thyroglobulin (Tg) doubling time (DT) was the most potent prognostic factor in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who underwent total thyroidectomy. Interestingly 16.2% of the study patients had a decrease in Tg levels over time, giving negative values in Tg-DT. These patients had ...
Moura-Neto Arnaldo - - 2012
To investigate the factors influencing the success rate in a fixed, 15 mCi approach for treatment of Graves' hyperthyroidism. The thyroid function outcome (hyperthyroidism or euthyroidism/hypothyroidism) was verified at least 1 year after radioiodine therapy (RIT) retrospectively and compared with presenting clinical characteristics and pre-RIT parameters in 87 patients treated ...
Inoue Masahiro - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and hormonal features of patients with incidentally discovered adrenal adenomas in relation to corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) testing and the clinical outcome of adrenalectomy. Twenty-three consecutive patients with incidentally detected adrenal adenomas were included in this retrospective study. All the ...
Çakir Esra Deniz Papatya - - 2012
Early diagnosis and treatment of testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART) is important for gonadal functions and fertility protection in boys with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). In this descriptive study, we investigated the prevalence of TART in boys with 21-hydroxylase deficient (21OHD) CAH followed in our pediatric endocrine clinic. The study ...
Zaccarelli-Marino Maria Angela - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there is an increased incidence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) in individuals living in the vicinity of industrial plants that manufacture petroleum byproducts in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2004, 6,306 patients of both sexes, from 5 to 78 years old were ...
Lecerf Patrick - - 2012
The level of parathyroid hormone (iPTH) serum has been controversial in the prediction of postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia. Analysis of the decrease between preoperative and postoperative iPTH levels should be more accurate. Therefore, the aim of our study was to prospectively establish the reliability of the iPTH decrease for early diagnosis of ...
Karayannis George - - 2012
The relationship between echocardiographically measured epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and plasma concentrations of leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin has not been evaluated in patients with noncachectic heart failure (HF). Patients with noncachectic HF and age- and sex-matched controls did not differ significantly in EFT, whereas EFT values showed significant positive correlation ...
Takeuchi Takako - - 2012
Iodine concentrations of enteral nutrition (EN) formulae available in Japan are very low and long-term total EN (TEN) might result in hypothyroidism due to iodine deficiency (HID). Our aim of this study was to determine the degree of iodine deficiency (ID) and need for iodine supplementation (IS) in patients with ...
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