Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2079
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Tektas Ozan-Yueksel - - 2011
Purpose: To analyze morphological changes in trabeculectomy specimens of patients suffering from uveitic secondary open angle glaucoma (UG). Material and Methods: Trabeculectomy specimens of six patients suffering from uveitis for 2 to 19 years and having been treated with steroids for 5 to 86 months were obtained during antiglaucomatous surgery ...
Cho Nancy L - - 2011
We aimed to validate the effectiveness of a protocol for primary hyperparathyroidism in which intraoperative parathyroid hormone measurement (IOPTH) was not routinely used during minimally invasive parathyroidectomy for patients with dual localization by technetium Tc 99m sestamibi (MIBI) and ultrasonography and hypothesized that our rate of surgical failure would be ...
Taddesse Abay - - 2011
To study the clinical presentation, thyroid function tests, ultrasound (US) features, cytology and surgical pathology results of patients undergoing fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of thyroid nodules and to determine if a significant difference exists in the above variables between small (less than 1 cm) and large (1 cm or ...
Chen Yingming - - 2011
PURPOSE. To study the relationship between macular cone structure, fundus autofluorescence (AF), and visual function in patients with Stargardt disease (STGD). METHODS. High-resolution images of the macula were obtained with adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography in 12 patients with STGD and 27 age-matched ...
Szabó Nóra - - 2011
A retrospective population based survey of patients born with holoprosencephaly in South-Eastern Hungary between July 1, 1992 and June 30, 2006 was performed. All live birth cases with craniofacial and non-craniofacial abnormalities were included in the study. A total of 9 patients (5 boys and 4 girls) were found with ...
Bozzali Marco - - 2011
This study investigates the differential contribution of gray matter (GM) atrophy and deafferentation through white matter (WM) damage in the clinical progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-one patients with probable AD, 23 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI), and 14 healthy subjects underwent MRI scanning at 3T. Voxel-based morphometry was ...
Lai Chien-Han - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: This study aimed to conduct a meta-analysis of published voxel-based morphometry studies in panic disorder (PD). METHODS:: Six data sets consisting of patients with PD and healthy controls were enrolled for this meta-analysis. A new improved voxel-based meta-analytic tool, signed differential mapping, was used to explore deficits of gray ...
Baran Ismet - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study is aimed at measuring HU values of the renal cortex and papillae in patients with nephrolithiasis and demonstrating renal changes associated with nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were performed with regard to HU values of the cortex and papillae of 82 patients with unilateral nephrolithiasis and 81 ...
Guedj Eric - - 2011
Purpose:  Performance in recognition memory differs among patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). We aimed to determine if distinct recognition performances (normal vs. impaired) could be related to distinct patterns of brain activation during encoding. Methods:  Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activation profiles were obtained during successful encoding ...
Sandbacka Maria - - 2011
Severe hypomethylation of the H19 imprinted control region (ICR1) in two patients with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) who have genital malformations has encouraged us to study DNA methylation in a cohort of 83 patients with Müllerian aplasia (MA). Site-specific methylation analyses of H19 ICR1 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in ...
Van Laere Koen - - 2011
The type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) is a crucial modulator of synaptic transmission in brain and has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target in Parkinson's disease (PD), especially for treatment of levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID). Our aim was to measure CB1 levels in brains of PD patients in vivo and ...
Pitoia Fabián - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether familial non-medullary thyroid cancer (FNMTC) is more aggressive than sporadic thyroid cancer. We compared the clinical behavior and outcome of 16 subjects with FNMTC from 7 unrelated kindred with those observed in 160 subjects with sporadic PTC (SPTC) from our database. ...
Ewers Michael - - 2011
The enzyme β-secretase (BACE1) is essentially involved in the production of cerebral amyloidogenic pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The measurement of BACE1 activity in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been reported, which may render CSF measurement of BACE1 a potential biomarker candidate of AD. In order to investigate whether BACE1 protein ...
Subba K - - 2011
Background Vitiligo is a common pigmentary disorder of the skin, affecting individuals globally. Not only is this ailment psychologically incapacitating, it also has a high incidence of autoimmunity, signifying that its manifestations may be the portrayal of dysfunction of immune system. Objective The aim of this study is to find ...
Smith Jason A - - 2011
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a debilitating pain syndrome characterized clinically by severe pain along with signs and symptoms of autonomic dysfunction. Presyncope and syncope are common in these patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cause of these symptoms in these patients. Patients with CRPS ...
Derflinger Sabine - - 2011
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), brain atrophy has been proposed to be left lateralized. Here, we reinvestigated the asymmetry and lateralization (i.e., asymmetry directed toward one hemisphere) of grey-matter (GM) distribution in 35 patients with AD, 24 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI, a state of increased risk for AD), ...
Keller Jiří J Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech - - 2011
To evaluate the potential of quantitative MR techniques [voxel-based morphometry (VBM), T2-relaxometry, mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA)] in the diagnostics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Thirty-three ALS patients and thirty age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were included in the cross-sectional study. T1WI, T2WI and T2 relaxometry sequences were performed ...
Riccitelli G - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fatigue affects up to 90% of patients with MS. We assessed the regional distribution of lesions and atrophy of the normal-appearing WM and GM in patients with RRMS with fatigue compared with HC and patients with similar characteristics, but without fatigue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 14 patients ...
Caulo M - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An alternative technique, which is less influenced by tumor- and patient-related factors, is required to overcome the limits of GLM analysis of fMRI data in patients. The aim of this study was to statistically assess differences in the identification of language regions and hemispheric lateralization of language ...
Iwai Sei - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Focal atrial tachycardia (AT) originates from preferential sites, including the tricuspid and mitral annuli. AT arising from the atrioventricular annuli is initiated and terminated with programmed stimulation, and is, in general, adenosine- and verapamil-sensitive. Para-Hisian AT arising from the apex of the Triangle of Koch has been considered to ...
Atri Sudhir Kumar - - 2011
Atrioventricular blocks or sinoatrial blocks are rarely described in patients with thyrotoxicosis or thyroid storm. The mechanism of these blocks remains obscure. Thyroid storm, being an emergency situation requires early diagnosis and management because if left untreated, it may prove fatal. Usually patients with AV blocks require pacing (temporary or ...
Gunhan Kivanc - - 2011
Our male patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (NP) declare a better sexual function after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) with polypectomy. This study was planned to conduct the first prospective, controlled trial evaluating the possible relation between erectile dysfunction (ED) and NP by subjective and objective parameters. Thirty-three ...
De Sanctis Vincenzo - - 2011
In patients with b-thalassemia major (TM), the anterior pituitary gland is particularly sensitive to free radical stresses. It has been reported that the GH deficiency (GHD) may be secondary to either pituitary or hypothalamic dysfunction. The duration of the disease, the patient's age and the severity of iron overload are ...
De Sanctis Vincenzo - - 2011
Acquired hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is a not uncommon complication in patients with b-thalassemia major. The insufficient production of parathyroid hormone is mainly due to iron overload in parathyroid glands. We report a 22-year-old female thalassemic patient referred to our Unit for hypogonadism. During the previous two years she had presented with ...
Vermes Emmanuelle - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to assess the impact of revised versus original criteria on the prevalence of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) criteria in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) studies. Recently, the ARVC/D task force criteria have been revised, aiming for a better diagnostic sensitivity. The implications of this ...
Vance Sushma K - - 2011
: To investigate the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings in four cases of acute macular neuroretinopathy and identify features that may differentiate acute macular neuroretinopathy from similar conditions in the acute zonal occult outer retinopathy complex. : Patients with acute macular neuroretinopathy underwent complete periodic examinations, including ophthalmoscopy, color photography ...
Casanova Manuel F MF University of Louisville, Kentucky, USA. - - 2011
Multiple studies suggest that the corpus callosum in patients with autism is reduced in size. This study attempts to elucidate the nature of this morphometric abnormality by analyzing the shape of this structure in 17 high-functioning patients with autism and an equal number of comparison participants matched for age, sex, ...
de Boer Remco D H - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to describe the occurrence of signs and symptoms in CRPS I patients meeting the IASP (Orlando) criteria, assess the occurrence of signs and symptoms in relation to disease duration and compare these to historical data based on a different diagnostic criteria set. Six ...
Huang Shih-Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The biatrial substrate properties in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) originating from the pulmonary veins (PVs) and superior vena cava (SVC) are not available. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to characterize the differences of biatrial substrate properties in patients with different types of AF. METHODS: 36 ...
Cvejic Lydia - - 2011
Background and objective:  Swallowing is closely coordinated with breathing but in COPD altered synchronization may predispose patients to a breach of the upper airway protective mechanisms. However, aspiration during swallow has never been shown in COPD. We examined penetration of liquid material into the airway of patients with COPD and ...
Lee Tzong-Hsi - - 2011
Despite frequent use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for enteral feeding, the relationship between it and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) remains an incompletely answered question. We conducted this study to compare the GER between the same patients fed with a nasogastric (NG) tube and later with a PEG tube. We enrolled ...
Kartal Mutlu M aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey bDepartment of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Downstate/Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, - - 2011
We aimed to determine the value of sidestream end-tidal carbon dioxide (SS-ETCO2) measurement in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the emergency department. Cross-sectional associations between ETCO2 and PaCO2 were examined in the study. This prospective cross-sectional study has been carried out over a 3-month period in a ...
Mühleisen Thomas W - - 2011
Large rare deletions in NRXN1 increase the risk for schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to determine whether small rare sequence changes in exons and splice sites contribute to the development of schizophrenia in a high-penetrance manner. Complete coding regions and splice sites were resequenced in 94 patients ...
Osmonov Daniar Kurmanbekovich - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe a surgical technique of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) in prostate cancer patients. The idea was to standardize the procedure of PLND and to increase the significance of lymphadenectomy as a part of radical prostatectomy (RP). The best ways to achieve this are (1) to describe the ...
Tryc Anita Blanka - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of uraemic encephalopathy is considered if patients with end-stage renal disease present with neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, cognitive deficits may occur in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) long before any overt neurological symptoms can be observed. We hypothesized that cognitive dysfunction in patients with CKD both, treated ...
Ross Sheri - - 2011
Several methods to prevent extracorporeal circuit clotting during hemodialysis have been used in human medicine. Unfractionated (UF) heparin remains the mainstay of anticoagulant therapy in both human and veterinary intermittent hemodialysis. Different UF heparin regimes may be used depending on the bleeding risk of the patient. In patients with active ...
Chroustova Daniela - - 2011
Background: An analysis of medical records of young females who were examined in our department during a five-year period (2005-2009) on suspicion of pulmonary embolism (PE) in relation to hormonal contraception (HC). Material and methods: The patient sample included 86 young females aged 15-25 (mean 21) years who underwent a ...
Castledine Clare - - 2011
Introduction: The UK Renal Association Clinical Practice Guidelines include clinical performance measures for biochemical variables in dialysis patients [1]. The UK Renal Registry (UKRR) annually audits dialysis centre performance against these measures as part of its role in promoting continuous quality improvement. Methods: Cross sectional performance analyses were undertaken to ...
Higashimoto Yuji - - 2011
Body mass index (BMI) is closely associated with mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Systemic inflammation has been suggested as one of the mechanisms of malnutrition in COPD. This study investigated the relationships of clinical variables and inflammatory biomarkers with BMI in COPD in an aging population. Baseline levels ...
Zhang Y - - 2011
Increased serum growth hormone (GH), together with high expression of growth hormone receptor on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), correlates with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) activity, suggesting that modulation of GH signaling may affect SLE activity. We explored the effects of octreotide (OCT), an analog of somatostatin that suppresses the ...
Jusufovic Selma - - 2011
Thyroid disorders are common in chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to examine the role of renal anemia on thyroid function, morphology and autoimmunity in clinically euthyroid patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD). Prospective study during 12 months period included 40 stable patients on chronic HD treatment. Patients ...
Kaes K - - 2011
We describe an African patient with sarcoidosis involving the lacrimal glands. Gallium scintigraphy showed the so-called "panda sign".
Hirosawa Renata Midori - - 2011
Objectives. To compare the frequency of another primary malignancy in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) who received radioiodine therapy or not ((131)I). Material and Methods. 168 cases of DTC patients were retrospectively evaluated as to the frequency of another neoplasia by comparing patients with and without it, taking into ...
Hornung Matthias - - 2011
Background: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) represents a new diagnostic tool to localize pathological parathyroid glands. The aim of this study was to differentiate the capability of CEUS as first-line or complimentary modality for the detection of hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands. Methods: Sixty patients with pHPT were admitted to the University Hospital Regensburg ...
Coronel Francisco - - 2011
Severe secondary hyperparathyroidism is a complication of chronic kidney disease. Paricalcitol is a vitamin D receptor activator with efficacy in the treatment of hyperparathyroidism that also has the minor side effects of hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. As a pleiotropic effect, paricalcitol reduces proteinuria in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 2-4. ...
Uller W - - 2011
Purpose: The objective was to characterize the microcirculation of parathyroid adenomas using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and to evaluate if it can be used for diagnosis and localization of pathologic glands. Patients and methods: Thirty patients with primary hyperparathyroidism scheduled for parathyroidectomy were enrolled. Preoperatively, all patients underwent B-Scan sonography, Colour ...
Fernandez-Fernandez F J - - 2011
Acute sarcoid arthritis may be present in isolation or as part of Löfgren's syndrome. Its true incidence is unclear since the diagnosis may be difficult when patients present with articular symptoms alone. The diagnosis of sarcoid arthritis is based upon suggestive clinical, imaging, synovial fluid findings, and in some cases ...
Tasligil Cemal - - 2011
Objective To investigate the relationship between patients diagnosed with nodal generalized osteoarthritis (NGOA) and tissue antigens HLA-A and HLA-B in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. Patients and Methods Forty-six patients with NGOA (64.74±8.46) and 60 controls (62.32±6.8) were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were: (i) stage 2 ...
Uludag M - - 2011
Parathyroid glands are frequently found in the thymus. We aimed to investigate the frequency of inferior parathyroid glands, and supernumerary glands located in the thymus in our series of renal hyperparathyroidism. From January 2004 to September 2008, subtotal parathyroidectomy and cervical thymectomy was performed in 25 consecutive patients. Of these ...
Ruchala Marek - - 2011
Thyroid hemiagenesis (TH) is characterized by the congenital absence of one thyroid lobe. The aim of this study was to evaluate the calcium-phosphate balance in TH. Twenty patients with TH and 20 controls with a bilobed thyroid were studied. Serum concentrations of total calcium, parathormon and calcitonin were measured. Additionally, ...
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